How much do spruce trees cost
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Spruce trees consist of around 35 evergreen conifer species in the genus Picea. These can be found throughout most of the northern hemisphere, and there are several species native to the United States. In the wild most of them are large, conical or pyramidal forms, but dwarf cultivars also exist; these are versatile and attractive shrubs that have proven very popular with gardeners.
Spruce wood has been widely used for a range of purposes for many centuries, and in many cultures the foliage has been used as a medicine or food source. The tree holds an important place in the folklore of both Scandinavia and the USA. It’s still commercially important both for timber and paper; the strong wood is highly valued for many specialist purposes as well as a general building material.
A spruce tree – or several – can add a lot to your garden, but planting one isn’t a decision to be taken lightly. It’s important to pick the right species, and to plant it in the ideal location and look after it properly. Here’s a handy guide to choosing and caring for a young spruce.
How to Buy Spruce Trees
Spruce trees grow very slowly as seedlings and can be vulnerable for several years after germinating. To give yourself the best chance of successfully growing one you should get yours from a reputable nursery like The Tree Center, who will have given it the care it needs in the vital early part of its life. Decide what you’re looking for in your garden, pick the perfect spot and the species of spruce you want to plant there, then order it from The Tree Center.
How to Plant Spruce Trees
Sun: Full sun is best for spruces.
Water: Water a newly planted spruce thoroughly. Continue to water daily for at least two weeks, then weekly for the first growing season.
When to plant: The best time to plant a spruce is in fall, when it’s gone dormant for the year. Spring, after the last frosts, is the next best alternative.
Proper planting will maximize your chances of having a trouble-free spruce tree. Here’s how to do it:
Pick the spruce that’s best suited to your garden and local conditions, and order it from The Tree Center. Choose the ideal spot in your garden, looking for somewhere that gets adequate sunlight and is well drained. Also bear in mind the likely size of your tree when it’s mature; stay clear of overhead cables and don’t plant too close to your home or any structure that could be damaged by roots.
Once your tree arrives prepare a hole for it. First loosen a circle at least three feet wide with a fork. Then dig a hole slightly deeper than the height of your tree’s root ball – about three inches is good – and about twice its width. If the soil is very poor quality dig six inches deeper than the root ball and add a layer of compost.
Now unwrap the root ball and loosen it. Stand the tree in the center of the hole and spread the roots out. Fill the hole with soil and gently tamp it down. There’s no need to tamp too firmly, just hard enough to remove any large air pockets. If your soil is very loose it might be necessary to stake the tree until its root system becomes firmly established.
Make a raised ring of soil around the base of the tree and put a layer of mulch inside it. Fill the ring with water until it stops soaking into the ground.
Spruce trees are tolerant of a wide range of different soils. Acidic, neutral or slightly alkaline are all fine, although if your soil is very alkaline it’s a good idea to mix some peat moss or rock sulfur with the soil before refilling the hole. They prefer good drainage but aren’t very sensitive to it; many gardeners have had good results planting spruces in clay, although it won’t hurt to mix some sand in while planting if your soil is very heavy. Climate is far more important for spruces than soil; they can thrive in virtually any ground but don’t like too much heat at all.
A spruce tree needs reasonable access to water. Their roots are shallow, so they’re vulnerable to the ground drying out, and in long spells without rain it’s important to keep them watered. When newly planted fill the ring around the trunk daily, and keep watering until the ground won’t soak up any more. This should be continued until the tree is established, then weekly for the first growing season (or more often if the weather is dry).
Later, watering will only be required when there hasn’t been much rain. Deep watering is best as it will encourage the roots to grow downwards; surface watering around the root zone will make the tree’s supports even shallower, so water heavily round the base of the tree rather than lightly over a wide area.
Mulch and Fertilizer
Fertilizer should only be necessary when planting in poor soil. If your tree doesn’t thrive as it matures try some balanced, slow release fertilizer around the base, but usually this won’t be required.
Mulch, however, is much more important. The water retention ring around a young spruce should have a good layer of mulch inside, to help prevent evaporation and keep the roots cool. Once the tree is established it’s still a good idea to keep a layer of shredded bark or wood chips around its base. If the soil is poor these will also add useful nutrients as they decompose.
Information on Spruce Trees
Planting a spruce can transform your garden. Most species are large and imposing trees that can live for hundreds of years, and will add both character and shelter to your property – they make great windbreaks, for example. The spruce also has a solid place in history and mythology.
Around the Baltic spruce trees traditionally had their own goddess, Egle. The spruce’s distinctive form appears on many Scandinavian coats of arms. Closer to home they are also important in Native American legends; for example the Hopi believe that they are the reincarnated spirit of a great medicine man and use the branches in many rituals.
Commercially, spruce timber is very widely used. It isn’t very resistant to rot or pests unless treated but it is both light and strong; it’s been used as a building material for centuries and is also an excellent choice for many musical instruments, including pianos, violins and guitars. Spruce was used in many wooden aircraft designs, including the famous Wright Flyer and the De Havilland Mosquito. Because of its long fibers spruce is also pulped for paper manufacture.
Because of their shape, spruces are commonly used as Christmas trees. Spruce beer can be brewed from fresh shoots; it’s very rich in Vitamin C.
Spruce Tree Varieties and Cultivars
There are about 35 known species of spruce, although the exact number is still debated because it can be very hard to tell some species apart. Most varieties are large, conical trees reaching up to 200 feet high but there are also dwarf cultivars. Whatever you’re looking for in your garden it’s likely there’s a spruce that will suit you perfectly. Here are a couple of examples:
The Norway Spruce is a pyramidal tree that can grow to a height of about 60 feet in cultivation. It’s suitable for cold climates and will thrive even through the harshest winters in the USA. On the other hand it doesn’t like heat and isn’t a good choice in the southern parts of the country.
The Colorado Spruce (Glauca Globosa) is a dwarf species well known for its attractive silvery-blue foliage. It usually grows up to around five feet high and has a rounded, spreading form; it’s idea for planting in rock gardens and can also be shaped into a hedge. Like most spruces it’s best in a cool climate, and is easily hardy enough to survive any winter it’s likely to experience. It’s more drought tolerant than many spruces although it does do better with regular rain.
Benefits of Spruce Trees
Spruce has been popular with gardeners for centuries, and there are many benefits to planting one (or more). Native species form a link between your garden and nature; they provide a home for many species of birds as well as food for native moths and other insects. Because of their dense foliage spruce trees also make excellent windbreaks; a row of them can give your garden some very useful shelter.
Spruce Tree Concerns
Susceptibility to pests and disease varies between species. White, blue and Norway spruce can all suffer from various fungal infections, although these can now be treated if caught early enough. Pests like scale and aphids can be a problem. While moth and butterfly larvae that feed on spruce don’t usually do any serious damage an unusually heavy infection can stress a tree. However, the worst threat to spruces is a long period of hot or dry weather.
Baby Blue Eyes Spruce Trees For Sale Online
The blue spruce is the essential specimen tree in every cooler part of the country, and the best specimens are compact, dense, and with fabulous sky-blue silvery needles. The Baby Blue Eyes Spruce fits that perfectly, and it doesn’t become a giant tree. Instead it stays compact and full, with branches right to the ground. Just 6 feet tall after 10 years, it is perfect for a smaller garden, or for foundation planting around your house. Grow it with other conifers of different types in a bed, decorated with gravel mulch and boulders – nothing could be simpler or more effective. Plant it in a large planter box – perhaps a pair outside your door. It looks perfectly symmetrical and neat without any trimming and its color is simply spectacular.
- Superb sky-blue silver foliage – the best
- Compact and dense form for smaller spaces
- Hardy and very easy to grow successfully
- Grows in any well-drained soil
- Tough and reliable for urban planting
Plant the Baby Blue Eyes Spruce in full sun, or a lightly-shaded spot. It will grow in almost any soil, even poor ones, just as long as it is well-drained. Plant on a low mound in areas with poor drainage. It is hardy from zone 3 to zone 8, and it rarely suffers from any pests or diseases. It is also resistant to salt-spray, and this is truly one of the very best color forms available. Its superb sky-blue needles will glow and sparkle in your garden all year round.
The blue spruce tree is a classic specimen tree for any garden, but especially popular in colder areas for its hardiness. Just how blue the tree is depends on the exact variety, and if you are looking for a truly sky-blue spruce, that will really stand out in your garden, then you have just found it – the Baby Blue Eyes Spruce. This compact variety won’t turn into a monster tree either. It grows steadily, remaining dense and compact, and never becoming a full-sized tree like the original wild spruce.
Growing Baby Blue Eyes Spruce Trees
The Baby Blue Eyes Spruce is an evergreen tree of a narrow conical form, staying perfectly symmetrical without trimming. Younger trees are relatively broad, and as the tree becomes older it becomes narrower, but it remains much denser and fuller than other common blue spruce trees. After 10 years it will be about 6 feet tall, and it only adds a few inches a year after that, staying neat and compact. For a smaller garden, or a smaller spot in a larger garden, nothing could be better. When young it may grow as much as a foot a year, but as it becomes older it slows down, first to about 6 inches a year, and then less, so that in 20 years it will be about 10 feet tall and 5 feet wide. After many years it may eventually reach 30 feet tall, as a very, very mature tree.
Uses on Your Property
The Baby Blue Eyes Spruce is perfect for so many places around the garden. Plant it as part of your foundation planting, in between windows, or in the angle of two walls. Plant at least 3 feet from the foundations. Use it in smaller gardens as a lawn specimen which will never outgrow the space. Plant a group of 3 or 5 at the end of your lawn, or in a garden bed with other shrubs. Plant it in a bed with other smaller evergreens of different shapes, colors and sizes, for an attractive garden feature that gets better and better every year, and that needs almost no care.
Add some big stones and gravel mulch and you have solved your garden problems. Allow enough room for these plants to mature, so that the bed does not become overcrowded, and so that each plant can be admired. If you have larger planters and boxes, the Baby Blue Eyes Spruce is perfect for them, making a great specimen that will always look good.
Planting and Initial Care
The Baby Blue Eyes Spruce should be grown in full sun, or just a little light shade. It grows best in areas with warm (not hot) summers. Plant it in almost any soil that is well-drained. It thrives even in poor soils, but good drainage is always necessary. If your soil is wet, plant your tree on a raised mound of earth to solve this problem. Make the mound at least 3 feet across and 6 to 12 inches above ground level. Water your tree regularly the first year, but then it will be drought resistant in ordinary conditions. It is also very resistant to urban conditions, unlike some other conifers, so for city gardens its size and toughness make it unbeatable.
This tree is not quite as hardy as many other blue spruce are. It is perfectly reliable in zone 4, but in zone 3 plant it in a sheltered spot. For colder areas choose another variety, like the similar Baby Blue® Spruce. Don’t let the names confuse you. That tree is hardy in zone 2, and it is also a lower-priced option for mass planting, hedges and screening. It will grow taller, and the color is not as intense, but it is still a top-quality selected form.
History and Origins of the Baby Blue Eyes Spruce
The Baby Blue Eyes Spruce is a selected form of the of Colorado spruce (Picea pungens). This tree grows all through the Rocky Mountains and all high places in the west, from Montana to Arizona. Growing at those high altitudes means this tree is super-tough, and cold resistant. This makes it very popular all across the colder parts of the country, especially for the silver-blue color of some plants, often called ‘variety glauca’.
This particular tree was found in 1972 as a seedling growing among other young spruce, at the Verl Holden Nurseries, in Silverton, Oregon. Because of its amazing sky-blue color and compact growth, the nursery patented it in 1985, (PP # 5,457) under the name ‘Baby Blueyes’, but it is today always called ‘Baby Blue Eyes’. The patent expired in 1995.
These special color forms must be grown from stem pieces attached to seedling trees by grafting – not from seed. Cheaper seedling trees will be variable, so choose the best. Our trees are grown in the right way, by grafting, and they have all the exact properties of that original outstanding tree. Specimen blue spruce of this quality are always in high demand, so our stock will soon be gone. Order now and enjoy the best there is.
How to keep the Christmas tree fresh longer after purchase - Articles
- How to care for a Christmas tree?
- How to keep your Christmas tree fresh before installation
- Christmas tree installation
- Water supply to the shaft
- Caring for the tree after installation
- Christmas trees in a pot
- What to do with the Christmas tree after the holidays?
How to care for a Christmas tree?
Everyone who would like to buy a real live Christmas tree for the New Year thought about how long the Christmas tree will last at home, and how many days before the holiday you need to buy it?
We answer - the life of Christmas trees, firs and pines is different, but none of them will stay warm in your house for more than two weeks.
Russian and Norwegian Christmas trees begin to crumble after about 5-7 days, pines stand a few days longer, firs do not crumble, but gradually dry out and change the color of the needles, it becomes paler. For more information about the properties of New Year trees, in our article "Types of New Year Trees."
This applies, of course, to trees already unpacked and installed in a warm room. However, it is possible to buy spruce long before the New Year and keep it fresh for the holiday, up to a month or more. We'll show you how.
Christmas tree in the interior
How to keep your Christmas tree fresh before installation
The first thing to do is to decide on the date when you need it, already beautiful and dressed up. We recommend installing Danish Spruce, Fraser Fir, Canadian Pine 5-7 days in advance, and Russian and Norwegian Christmas Trees 3-5 days in advance.
All the time until this moment, it is better for the tree to stay in a cool place, at a temperature not higher than 5-10 degrees Celsius, with a minimum amount of light and, preferably, with high humidity.
The key to success is to reduce the amount of moisture evaporated from the plant. For this purpose, a garage or an unheated balcony is perfect. In our experience, there was a case when the Christmas tree remained green and fresh even six months after purchase. And one of our employees set up a Christmas tree on March 8, as an unusual gift for loved ones.
By the way, live Fraser fir comes to Russia from North America, from where it is transported for 45 days in cold stores across the ocean, with a minimum amount of light and with 100% humidity.
This does not affect its quality in any way, since Fraser Fir is considered the highest quality Christmas tree that can be bought in our country for the New Year: it stands for a very long time, does not crumble at all, and the branches of this fir are so strong that they can withstand even very heavy toys and real candlesticks.
Christmas tree installation
The cut Christmas tree begins to dry out only from the moment it gets into heat and the process of “drying” begins, the evaporation of moisture from the needles, so after installing the Christmas tree, you need to provide it with a regular supply of water to the trunk, and cool, humid air.
A place for a Christmas tree is suitable away from open flames, electric heaters, radiators and other heat sources. It is very good if the room is sometimes ventilated in order to slightly lower the temperature, and the air is regularly humidified.
After unpacking, the tree must be shaken off dry needles. A certain number of such needles should not scare you, this is quite normal, since spruce branches rub against each other during transportation and packaging. The total mass will still remain green.
Separately, it is worth mentioning that if there is a severe frost outside, less than 15 degrees, then the needles and twigs become very fragile and can be easily damaged. In such weather, we do not recommend disturbing the live spruce branches once again immediately after you brought it home. It is better to hold it for the gradual adaptation of the tree to room temperature, and only then unfold it.
Water supply to the shaft
The next thing to do is to ensure a regular supply of water to the trunk. In order for the tree to better absorb water, the trunk is cut down 2-3 cm from the log house or notched with a knife to form a fresh cut and a larger area for absorbing moisture.
When delivering a Christmas tree from our online store, this is done without fail, and at our Christmas tree markets - at the request of the buyer. If you do it yourself, try not to cut the trunk at an angle, such a tree will be difficult to establish, and also do not accidentally cut the bark above the water level - this will greatly reduce the amount of moisture absorbed.
You can use special Christmas tree stands with water tanks. In them, the Christmas tree is securely and quickly fixed in the desired position, and it is easy to add water as it evaporates. We also recommend using hydrogel - a special tool for retaining moisture.
Trees on stands
Tree maintenance after installation
All trees crumble differently. The Russian Christmas tree, as well as the European (Norwegian) spruce, will begin to lose needles in a few days, the Russian and Canadian pines stand a little longer, their needles may dry out, but if they are not disturbed, they will not crumble much, especially in Canadian pine. And, for example, Danish spruce (Nordmann fir) and Fraser fir do not lose their needles at all, they dry out right on the branches, only slightly changing color. You can take them outside after the holidays, losing perhaps 10 percent of the needles.
Potted Christmas trees
There is an option to do without shedding needles at all - this is to buy a spruce in a pot. The price of this Christmas tree will be higher than that of a cut tree, but it will not give you any trouble with cleaning. This is a beautiful, well-wintering, world-famous ornamental plant that can be planted in the spring in the yard or at their summer cottage. See also "All about spruces in containers"
The higher the air temperature in the room, the sooner your cut spruce will begin to crumble. At a temperature of 10 degrees above zero, the New Year tree will stand for a long time, up to a month. But in winter it is quite hot in our apartments, and every 5 degrees increase in temperature reduces the life expectancy of spruce by 1 day. That is, if your house has 28-30 degrees, then with all the tricks, the tree will stand for only a few days. We advise you to regularly ventilate the room in which your Christmas tree stands in order to lower the air temperature by at least a few degrees. You should also not forget that electric electric heaters dry out the air a lot, so it is better not to use them where a live Christmas tree is installed.
Spray the branches as often as possible with a spray bottle, but you need to do this only after making sure that the electric garland on it is turned off!
There are also special products for extending the life of Christmas trees - in the form of water-soluble tablets (1 tablet per 2 liters of water) or liquid fertilizer (2 caps of the product per 1.5 liters of water). We will not claim that this is a panacea for shedding, such products prolong the life of cut fir trees by only 2-5 days, but, as a rule, this is enough to celebrate the New Year holidays and spend the weekend comfortably without thinking about urgent cleaning.
Christmas trees in pots
What to do with the Christmas tree after the holidays?
For convenience, you can buy a special case for the disposal of Christmas trees. You can put a tree on it so as not to scratch the floor in the apartment, it is suitable as a decorative element that covers the stand, it will be possible to hide especially valuable gifts in it, and after the holidays, wrap the tree and take it outside without scattering dry needles.
A live Christmas tree is a real joy for the whole family. And after the holidays, you can throw it away without any regret. Wood is one of the most environmentally friendly materials; when disposed of, it does not harm nature, like plastic bags or artificial Christmas trees.
See also: "Which is better - a live Christmas tree or an artificial one"
If you do not want to think about what to do with the tree after the New Year, or the question “Who will go to throw the tree away?” is popular in your family. then you can order a special service from us - Removal and disposal of the Christmas tree, our employees will save you from these troubles, and you will continue to relax.
Packed Christmas trees
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