How much does a maple tree cost
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With over 120 different species of Maple Tree, there is one to suit the needs of American landscapers. Many Maple Trees, such as the Norway Maple Tree, Red Maple Tree, and Silver Maple Tree, are popular for their moderate to fast growth rate, sometimes gaining as much as 5 feet a year. Maple Trees are often tall, measuring between 30 and 140 feet; however, some landscapers do work with bonsai cultivars that may be much smaller, measuring as little as two feet. Due to these height discrepancies, some Maple Trees may be planted as ornamental accent trees while others may be planted for shade or lawn coverage.
Some homeowners choose to plant several Sugar Maple Trees in the hope of earning enough sap to create maple syrup, an expensive and increasingly rare delicacy of the Maple Trees. Regardless of the reason, Maple Trees grow well throughout the United States.
Proper planning before purchasing any tree is necessary in order to ensure not only the best-suited tree to the planting location, but also so the tree can thrive. Many Maple Trees are tolerant of harsh planting conditions, and some species, such as the Red Maple, are tolerant of mild pollution. Considering the needs of the plants and the effort on the part of the landscaper can be essential to tree success. Consider the quick-facts below about Maple Trees before reading about the plants needs and benefits in depth in the following sections.
How to Buy Maple Trees
Many of the fastest growing and most popular Maple Trees are cultivated asexually, through the use of grafts or branch planting. The Tree Center ensures proper and well-tended care in the early stages of the Maple Tree’s life, which with proper planting and care at home, results in stronger, healthier trees. Once the species of Maple Tree is chosen, visit The Tree Center to buy a well-loved Maple Tree.
How to Plant Maple Trees
Sun: Plant in full sun with access to partial shade, preferably afternoon shade.
Water: Water immediately after planting and once per week for the first full season, unless it rains. Exclude winter when the tree is dormant.
When to Plant: Early to mid-spring, though Maple Trees planted in summer or early fall can also be successful.
Maple Trees are relatively easy to plant and care for when saplings, and they are a great tree for the beginning tree cultivator. The first step is to determine what type of Maple Tree works best for the planting location. Once the specific Maple species has been chosen, order the tree from The Tree Center.
When the Maple Tree arrives, note the size of the tree’s root ball, or collection of roots at the bottom of the tree. This will help in determining the size of the hole needed.
Dig a hole three times the width of the tree’s root ball, possibly wider. Width is more essential than depth, and this is a mistake many first time planters make. If the hole is too deep, oxygen and water will not be able to reach the roots easily. The hole should be three inches less deep than the height of the Maple Tree’s root ball.
Once the hole has been dug, find a partner. One person should hold the tree vertically in the hole while the other team member backfills the hole with soil and water. If using mulch, add about three inches deep of mulch covering the area recently dug. Water immediately after planting, and once per week for the first six months following transplantation.
Maple Trees are tolerant of various soil types, with most preferring slightly moist, loam-based soils. Soils are classified into three groups. Each group is based on the size of the soil grains. Clay and silt soils have grains that make air and water transference through the soil difficult, making them less than ideal for planting. Loam, which is a mixture of various soil grain sizes, is best as it is usually rich in humus, or organic matter, and the various sized particles allow for easy movement of air and water.
Maple Trees will tolerate most soil types; however, mulch can be beneficial, especially with clay and silt soils. Water will wash away silty soils or water-log clay soils before causing flooding. Mulch helps to diffuse the water evenly around the tree, increasing water accessibility to the plant.
In dry or hot climates, be sure to plant the Maple Tree with appropriate considerations for afternoon shade. Though some species are drought-tolerant, most require relatively moderate rainfall and regular watering. If the area in which the Maple Tree is planted is drought-prone, consider irrigation systems, such as sprinklers.
When watering trees, it is preferable to water heavily once a week rather than lightly several times during the week. Water to a depth of three inches. Check this by digging a small three inch hole, squeezing a handful of soil at this depth. The soil should be wet, exuding water when squeezed immediately after watering.
Maple Trees will show under- or over-watering in their leaves. If the tree is over-watered, the leaves will darken and become droopy. Under-watered, and the leaves will be crispy and dry.
Mulch and Fertilizer
Mulch is beneficial when planting trees. Natural-based mulches work best, especially those made of wood chips. These mulch types will decompose over time, adding nutrient-rich matter to the soil surrounding the tree. Mulch also helps in distributing water and oxygen to the root system of the tree. Mulch slows the process of absorption by the soil, thus enabling more water to reach the plant.
If using fertilizer, use gentle, slow-release fertilizers in the initial stages of growth. Once the tree is mature, stronger fertilizers may be used. Unless the soil is especially poor, fertilizers can actually harm the growth of the new tree.
Information on Maple Trees
Maple Trees are easy to grow and caring for them is a great beginning step for the new tree planter. Native to regions throughout the Northern Hemisphere, with only one known species in the southern hemisphere, most are deciduous trees. Some, in Mediterranean regions are evergreen.
Of the 128 known species within the family Aceraceae, or separated into the two families Hippocastanaceae and Sapindaceae, 54 are threatened. Many of those in the United States that yield concern are due to the Asian Long-horned Beetle, which burrows into the tos of Maples, devastating the tree’s growth. For this reason, new Maple Trees are needed. Maple Trees are planted for their fast-growth qualities, ornamental aspects, or shade-producing abilities.
Maple Tree Varieties and Cultivars
With 128 species known throughout the world, many grow well in the United States. Whether the landscaper is looking for color, shade, or other varied qualities, a Maple Tree can provide for many of these needs. Consider a few of the Maple Tree cultivars below, and visit The Tree Center for additional options.
Autumn Blaze Maple
The Autumn Blaze Maple is a fast-growing, tall Maple Tree towering between 40 and 50 feet. Known for its reliable red leaves in autumn, the Autumn Blaze Maple stretches its boughs outward for between 30 and 40 feet, providing generous shade throughout the late spring and summer.
The Autumn Blaze Maple is actually a hybrid Maple, grown from the cultivation of both the Red Maple and Silver Maple, enabling this tree to have both the familiar and popular coloring of the Red Maple while still providing adaptable drought tolerance.
Norway Maple Trees are often planted in urban environments, as the trees are notably pollutant-tolerant. In addition, Norway Maples also tolerate poor soil conditions and drought. Instead of the brilliant reds of the Autumn Blaze Maple and Crimson King Maple, Norway Maples offer golden hues throughout the spring, summer, and fall. These trees reach upwards of 40 feet tall, enabling them to provide golden summer shade.
Crimson King Maple
Many people mistakenly call the Crimson King Maple a Japanese Maple Tree, due to the tree’s purple-crimson hues throughout the summer. This Maple Tree provides color throughout the growing seasons, making it a popular landscaping choice.
In addition to the unique accent coloring, the Crimson King Maple still reaches between 40 and 50 feet. For this reason, the Crimson King Maple is often used to provide shade to large properties.
Benefits of Maple Trees
Maple Trees may be planted for a variety of reasons. Many Maple Tree varieties are tolerant toward poor conditions with regard to soil, water access, and pollution. In addition, Maple Trees provide favorable seasonal colors, making them a popular aesthetic choice. These easy-to-care-for trees are also frequently planted in an effort to bring shade and heat-reduction costs to the landowners.
Maple Tree Concerns
Despite being relatively easy to grow and adaptable to a variety of conditions, many Maple Trees are threatened. Maple Trees are valued for many reasons: sap, lumber, and construction name only a few of these. Many insects’ larvae, such as aphids and moths, feed on Maple leaves, and the notorious Asian Long-horned Beetle, a large invasive beetle, devour and destroy Maple Trees by the thousands. Maple Trees offer so much, and it is important to continue planting and caring for these traditional North American trees.
Autumn Blaze Maple Trees For Sale
Everyone loves the fall, with its brilliant colors and mellow beauty. When choosing a shade tree for your garden, it makes sense to choose a tree with the best fall color, and the Autumn Blaze Maple is first choice for that. No other tree has the reliable and spectacular reds and gold of this tree, which is a vigorous hybrid bred from the native Sugar Maple and Silver Maple.
- More vigorous and sturdier than Sugar Maple
- Rapid growth rate – three feet a year
- Best and most reliable fall colors of all the maples
- Tolerant of a wide variety of conditions including drought
- No winter damage in even the coldest zones
The Autumn Blaze Maple will easily grow up to three feet a year, so turns from a young tree into a mature tree in a very short time. It is hardy, reliable and largely pest and disease free. It is tolerant of urban conditions so it is a good choice for a town or suburban garden and its wonderful rich-red leaves in fall make it the ideal for any garden.
Every garden needs a grand, mature tree – a proper shade tree that will grow with your family and be there for future generations to enjoy. Autumn Blaze Maple is an excellent selection for this purpose as it will thrive on almost all kinds of soil, from rich, damp soils, to dry soils and everything in between. It is hardy and more tolerant of urban conditions than many other Maple varieties, such as the Sugar Maple. With its spectacular scarlet-red to orange leaves in fall, it is a tree that you will be proud to grow and that will be admired by all your neighbors and passers-by.
Growing Autumn Blaze Maple
Although often grown as a gorgeous specimen tree, Autumn Blaze Maple is also a great choice for a windbreak or deciduous screen, or even to make an interesting and beautiful hedge. When young, your Autumn Blaze Maple will grow very rapidly, up to three feet per year, so it will quickly make a 20 foot specimen in your garden. As it matures the growth rate will slow down only a little and most trees reach a final height of around 50 feet in 30 years.
Allow plenty of room for a specimen Autumn Blaze Maple. Plant your new tree at least 20 feet from your house and well away from driveways and roads. When planting as a screen or wind-break, allow 10 to 15 feet between the trees. A tree for life deserves a little care, so dig a wide, shallow hole about three times the diameter of the pot. Add some organic material like compost, manure or peat-moss and some bone-meal or superphosphate. Place the tree in the center of the hole, put back most of the soil and firm it down well. Add lots of water and when it has drained away fill in with the rest of the soil. Water well every week for the first season and after that only when the soil is dry.
This tree can be planted in the shade of other trees but not too close to them. It will soon grow up and find the sunshine. It requires little pruning, just remove any weak branches and any that are growing too close together. Do this while the tree is young and it will have a good mature form and no problems will develop. Some water during drought periods and some tree fertilizer in spring in helpful for young trees but in a few years your tree will need nothing except admiration.
Autumn Blaze Maple is much hardier than other Maples and, in fact, many other shade trees. It is hardy in zones 4 to 8, so it grows right across America except for California, Florida, Southern Texas and the very northern most mid-west areas. This tree can beautify almost every garden in the country.
This tree is tolerant of almost all types of soil, and will grow in locations not suitable for other Maples, such as urban areas. This is the most drought-tolerant of all the Maples, and is grown even in Australia where drought is a way of life. It will certainly grow faster if you give it regular water and some fertilizer during its first few years, but after that it will thrive on its own under almost any conditions. So whatever type of soil you have, this tree will thrive.
Pests and Diseases
It is resistant to insects and diseases and the strong wood will not break in storms. It is only occasionally eaten in winter by deer, and once grown tall will of course be out of their reach.
History and Origins of the Autumn Blaze Maple
Autumn Blaze Maple (Acer x freemanii “Jeffsred”) is a hybrid which combines the fast growth rate and hardiness of the Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) with the strength and beauty of the Red Maple (Acer rubrum). It can easily grow of up to 3 feet within one year and yet develops into a noble, long-lived tree with spectacular fall foliage in brilliant scarlet and orange shades. Unlike some other fast-growing trees it will live for many, many years and will grow 40 to 55 feet tall. It will develop a dense, upright, oval crown perhaps 30 feet across, so it is not as broad as many Maples and therefore takes up less room.
The trunk has smooth grey bark when young and only in older trees does it become more ridged in appearance. The trunk may be 18 to 30 inches across. The leaves are deeply lobed and jagged in outline, very similar to those of the Silver Maple. The young buds are red and this tree rarely flowers or sets seeds, so it a much cleaner tree than many other Maples. The most striking feature, and the reason why you should choose this tree, is the bright foliage each fall, in shades of red from scarlet to orange, which lights up the garden with perhaps the most spectacular display of any deciduous tree you can grow.
Buying Autumn Blaze Maples at The Tree Center
There is only one Autumn Blaze Maple, so it is important to get a strong, healthy plant that will perform well in all conditions. Our trees are grown the correct way, from grafts of selected trees of the correct variety. That way every tree is identical to the original and will definitely have its best features. However, these take longer to produce, so avoid cheaper seedling trees that will only be a disappointment.
We sell only trees that are true to the original form and we have a wide range of sizes to give you the best plant for your purpose. However we are constantly renewing our stock so our customers get fresh, healthy plants, so supplies of this tree may be limited. To avoid disappointment order now.
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species, varieties, descriptions, sizes, winter hardiness of maple trees with photos, planting and care in the open field on the site
Maple is an ornamental plant with a beautiful leaf shape and bright foliage color in autumn. Maple, tree or shrub, can become the center of attention in the garden, if you arrange a gazebo or dining table under its dense crown.
Many types of maples grow both in the form of a tree and in the form of a shrub, so the question of whether a maple is a tree or a shrub does not have a clear answer.
Not all types of maple are suitable for planting in the garden or home garden: some are "killers" of other plants, because they drown out everything living around them. But do not give up such a beautiful ornamental plant as maple. Choose non-aggressive species and varieties that are completely harmless to the surrounding flora and will serve as a decoration for the site.
This article is devoted to the types and varieties of maple that should be planted on the site, and which should be refrained from planting.Maple is one of the beautiful trees with which you can decorate the garden plot.
- Maple description - tree or shrub
- Latin name
- Hard or soft wood species
- Maple species and varieties: description, size, winter hardiness, photo
6 Reviews0325 Norway Maple (Ácer platanoídes)
- Norway Maple Globosum (Acer platanoides Globosum)
- Norway Maple Drummond or Drummondii (Acer platanoides Drummondii)
- Norway Maple Royalplater Redano (Acer platanoides Redano)
- Canadian or Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)
- Red or Red Leaf (Ácer rúbrum)
- Red Sunset (Red Sunset)
- Field Maple (Ácer campéstre)
- Ash-leaved or ash-shaped (Acer negido)0326
- How many times does a maple bear fruit?
Maple description - tree or shrub
Maple is one of the most ornamental trees. He has beautiful carved leaves, a beautiful mighty crown, bright foliage color. No wonder the maple leaf has become a symbol of Canada and adorns its national flag. Maple can change the look of any garden.
Plantings of maple look beautiful in a group or as a specimen. Small rocky gardens or alpine slides can be decorated with dwarf maple varieties. Japanese maple, which has a small height, is suitable for a Japanese garden. From maple plantings you can make a hedge or a living wall. Field maple, Tatar maple and Ginnala maple are suitable for this.
Maple will look great next to other plants. It can be conifers, bamboo or any other garden plants.
In our usual understanding, maple is a tree. And very high. The height of some maple species can reach 40 meters. This is comparable to the height of a nine-story building. Such tall species should not be planted in a garden or garden plot, but it is better to choose varieties that are shorter.
At the same time, there are shrub varieties of maples. Their height is from 5 to 10 meters, which is also a lot. Shrub varieties have several not very thick trunks growing from one root or several branches growing from one trunk. This type gives the maple an additional decorative effect.
The Latin name for maple is Acer. This genus of plants belongs to the Sapindaceae family.
Maple is a deciduous plant, but several species growing in the warm regions of South Asia and the Mediterranean remain green all year round.
Hardwood or softwood
Maple is a fairly soft wood, but harder than pine or aspen. Since maple has many types, the wood, respectively, can have different hardness.
Maple is strong enough to be used for making furniture and musical instruments. Maple wood is non-core, dense, fairly uniform with pronounced annual rings. The core rays are clearly visible on sections and represent an unusual mosaic pattern. The surface of the trunk is smooth, has a high gloss.
The bird's eye maple wood has an interesting texture. Its unusual effect is created by dormant buds inside the tree.
The wood should be dried gradually, as it may crack if it is dried quickly. The drying temperature should not exceed 45 degrees Celsius.
Maple wood is widely used in construction, because it lends itself well to processing, bending, polishing, gluing, impregnating with antiseptics and dyes. Over time, maple products do not warp or deform. From it you can make stairs, interior items, kitchen utensils, all kinds of crafts.
Maple is not a very suitable material for building exteriors. It has a low biostability and requires impregnation with antiseptics.
Types and varieties of maples: description, dimensions, winter hardiness, photo
There are about 150 maple species and many varieties. These trees grow in the temperate zone, some species are found in the Mediterranean and North America.
This maple is also called riverine maple, as it is often found in nature along the banks of the Amur and its tributaries. It also grows in China and along the shores of the Sea of Japan.
Ginnala is a shrub 4–8 m tall. The spreading crown of the riverine maple reaches 10 m in diameter. The trunk of this large shrub is gray and smooth. Young maple shoots are red or brown in color, due to which the bush looks very attractive, especially in winter.Ginnala Maple.
Ginnal maple leaves are three-lobed, large (up to 8 cm), pubescent below. After the leaves bloom, you can observe the flowering of the plant. Inflorescences are yellow, with a pleasant aroma. In autumn, maple trees produce bright red fruits.
Ginnal maple is very decorative. Looks good in green hedges and solitary plantings. Feels great in cold winters.
Galina K., Moscow
I decided to make a ginnal maple fence in my country house so as not to build a fence. It turned out very well. This variety grows quickly - gives abundant shoots.
I planted small seedlings in two rows to make the fence dense. The distance between rows is about half a meter, about the same - between seedlings. I planted the plants in a checkerboard pattern. Due to the abundant growth, it was necessary to cut the hedge 4 times during the season.
In the first year, the hedge grew about half a meter. 3 years have passed and now we have a green fence 2.5 m high. It looks great.
Andrew Ts., Kirov
I planted 5 Ginnel maples a few years ago behind a fence along the driveway to keep the dust out. The lower branches were cut off in the process of growth so as not to interfere with walking.
The result is a beautiful composition: each tree has its own regular crown (not very wide, but rather elongated), and together everything looks like a solid green wall.
Holly or narrow-leaved (Ácer platanoídes)
This is one of the most common types of maple that grows naturally throughout the European part of Russia and Southwest Asia. It is also called sycamore or sycamore due to the pointed decorative shape of the leaves.
These trees grow up to 28 m tall and have a beautiful dense crown. The trunk of the Norway maple is also decorative - a smooth light gray color. In mature trees, cracks appear on the bark of the trunk, which give the tree an even more decorative look. The leaves of the Norway maple have a five-lobed shape and also add decorativeness to the tree.Norway Maple (Ácer platanoídes)
Maple looks very beautiful in autumn, when the foliage turns bright yellow and even lemon tones.
Holly maple is demanding on soil. It prefers moist, slightly acidic soil and does not grow well in sandy and rocky soils. Holly maple is not sensitive to air pollution, and can be planted along highways. Maple will serve as a wonderful decoration for parks, home gardens, city streets. These trees can please us for a very long time - they live up to 200 years, withstanding severe frosts in especially harsh winters.
Norway Maple Globosum (Acer platanoides Globosum)
This type of maple is very decorative due to the beautiful spherical shape of the crown, which is maintained without additional shaping pruning. Depending on the location of the vaccination site, it can be either single-stem (standard) or multi-stem. It reaches a height of 6 m.Norway Maple Globosum (Acer platanoides Globosum).
Maple leaves are lobed with beautiful cuts of bright green saturated color. Globozum blooms with beautiful pale green flowers, collected in corymbose inflorescences with a pleasant aroma. Since flowering begins early in spring, in April - May, before the foliage appears, one can observe a picture of a flowering tree that is breathtaking in beauty. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellow. Thus, almost throughout the season, the tree looks very beautiful.
These trees grow slowly. They look spectacular when decorating alleys in parks, in the form of separate group plantings and as a tapeworm.
Norway Maple "Drummond" or "Drummondi" (Acer platanoides Drummondii)
This species of maple has an average size of 10 to 12 m in height and spreading dense broad crown pyramidal or spherical shape. The large carved leaves are five or seven lobed, pink when blooming, and in summer they turn a pale green color with a creamy white border. In autumn, the crown becomes bright yellow.Drummond Norway Maple (Acer platanoides Drummondii).
Drummonda is unpretentious to soils, but grows better in fertile areas with neutral acidity, and is highly frost-resistant. The life expectancy of a tree is high, up to 200 years.
Drummond Maple looks great in the garden, creating large splashes of color against other green spaces.
Royal Red Norway Maple (Acer platanoides Royal Red)
Royal Red is a 10–12 m tall tree with a loose, rounded crown and belongs to the Norway maples. This maple is distinguished by the dark color of the crown. When blooming, young leaves have a bright red color, then they become maroon, and brighten by autumn.Royal Red Maple (Acer platanoides Royal Red).
Royal Red tolerates frosty winters well, looks great both in gardens and on city streets.
Canadian or Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum)
This type of maple grows up to 40 m in height and can live up to 400 years. Canadian varieties of maple have a dense crown, trunk with light gray or brown bark. The leaves of the Canadian maple are beautifully carved, from 5 to 11 cm.
In spring, the tree is covered with small light green flowers collected in inflorescences. In autumn, the foliage of the Canadian maple takes on a beautiful red or yellow color. Maple fruits look beautiful, which are lionfish-shaped and have a bright red hue. The Canadian maple tree is frost resistant.Canadian or Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum).
Sugar maple is very similar in structure to Norway maple. You can distinguish them by the color of the juice: in sugar maple it is transparent, and in holly it is milky. The species also differ in the color of elegant autumn foliage: in sugar maple it is bright orange or brown. There are also slight differences in the shape and color of the buds, the shape of the leaves, but otherwise sugar maple and Norway maple are very similar.
The sugar maple grows in eastern North America.
Red or red leaf (Ácer rúbrum)
Canadian red maple grows in eastern North America. It is a medium-sized tree from 9 to 28 m tall. The diameter of the trunk can reach 1.6 m. The leaves of the red maple are 5–10 cm in size with three or five toothed lobes. In summer, the leaves are light yellow, and in autumn they turn bright red.
Red maple bark, grey-brown to white. Flowers are bright red or yellow. The fruits of the red maple are lionfish-shaped and can be red, yellow or brown. Red maple grows up to 200 years. Has good winter hardiness.Red or red leaf (Ácer rúbrum).
Red maples attract squirrels that love to feast on their buds.
Red Maple is a very ornamental plant with bright purple fall foliage and is widely used in landscaping. The disadvantages of red maple include its ability to crowd out other plants due to its too dense crown and shallow roots.
This variety of red maple is valued for its high decorativeness, which is expressed in the following points:
- regular pyramid-shaped crown;
- large leaves;
- bright purple crown color in autumn.
Red Sunset is a 10–15 m tall tree with dark gray bark and brown-red branches. The leaves of this variety are somewhat larger than those of others, three and five-lobed, serrated.Red Sunset Maple.
Red Sunset blooms very beautifully with dark red or reddish yellow flowers. The fruits of this maple also look very beautiful, because they are painted red. But the most unusual phenomenon can be called autumn foliage: from orange-pink and orange-yellow to deep red with a pinkish-silver underside of the leaves.
Red Sunset Maple loves high soil and air humidity and tolerates stagnant water well, has high winter hardiness.
Red Sunset looks great both in single and in group plantings, well frames the alleys of parks and squares.
Field Maple (Ácer campéstre)
This type of maple is very hardy and adapts well to almost any conditions: it can grow in the shade, without watering. Field maple is a tall bush - its height can reach 20 m.Field Maple (Ácer campéstre).
Grows naturally in deciduous forests, in forest-steppe zones.Tatar maple (Ácer tataricum).
This type of maple has another name - black maple or black maple because of the black color of the trunk. It is a low shrub, no more than 9 meters high. The crown of the Tatar maple is spreading, wide. It blooms very beautifully: in spring, against the background of smooth dark green foliage, pink inflorescences bloom, resembling bells in shape.
Tatar maple can be found in the Caucasus, in the steppe regions of the European part, in the Balkans. Chernoklen is very decorative, in addition, it tolerates a haircut and grows quickly, winters well in the northern regions.
Ash-leaved or ash-leaved (Acer negundo)
Maples occur with hornbeam and ash-shaped foliage, slightly different in shape. Ash-leaved or ash-shaped maple is also called American. It was bred from seeds imported from Canada and is now recognized as a parasitic weed because it grows very fast, forms many tiers and crowds out other tree species.
Ash-leaved maple is named for its ash-like leaves, although some of the leaves are of the classic maple shape. In autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow.Ash-leaved maple (Acer negundo).
This type of maple is relatively short-lived: in nature it lives from 80 to 100 years, and in urban conditions - as a rule, no longer than 30 years.
Researchers have found that the ash-leaved maple is not as useful as urban greening as other trees. If most green spaces purify the air from harmful impurities, then American maple, planted along roads and in cities, oxidizes substances from exhaust gases and makes them more toxic.
Ash-leaved maple is not used in ornamental horticulture and park plantings due to its low decorative effect and very rapid distribution.
Although the ash-leaved maple is considered a noxious weed and a "killer" of other trees, many ornamental cultivars of this species do not qualify for this definition. Elegant variegated decorative varieties of ash-leaved maple are used in landscape design and are completely different from their "wild relatives". Here are the main differences:
- not aggressive towards other plants;
- do not grow to giant size;
- have a more decorative look.
One of the varieties of ash-leaved maple is Flamingo maple or pink maple. It got its name because of the pink border on the young leaves of plants. From afar, it seems that the tree is strewn with small pink flowers, and only upon closer inspection it is clear that these are leaves.
Later, in summer, the effect disappears and the leaves turn white. To keep the pink color of the foliage longer, pinch the tops of the shoots.Flamingo Maple.
Flamingo is a large shrub or small tree up to 5 m high. The leaves are shaped like five or seven lobes. The plant is most beautiful in the sun, but maple can also grow in the shade.
Flamingo Maple looks great in a mixborder and can also be used as a solitaire. Flamingo looks very nice on the trunk.
Japanese (Acer japonicum)
These trees grow in Japan and South Korea, they have more than 100 varieties. Japanese maples can have a height of 2 to 10 m. Japanese maples differ in their decorative effect, and not only in summer, but also in winter. In summer, unusual multi-colored carved leaves give them beauty, and in winter - twigs in the form of panicles.Japanese Maple (Acer japonicum).
Japanese maple requires well fertilized and moist soil, loves sunny places, withstands frosts down to -20 degrees Celsius, but may suffer from recurrent frosts.
Japanese maples do not require shaping pruning as they have a regular crown shape. Japanese maple looks best as a tapeworm.
Korean maple (pseudosieboldianum)
Korean maple grows in Central and North Korea and Manchuria, as well as in the Far East and Primorsky Krai. In nature, the Korean maple grows in groups along the banks of rivers and does not tolerate drought well. This type of maple can be found high in the mountains, at an altitude of up to 1500 m above sea level.
False maple is a small tree or shrub. Leaves have 9-11 petals. In autumn, the foliage turns bright yellows, reds and oranges. This type of maple has the rare ability to keep some of the dried foliage on the branches during the winter.Korean Maple or Pseudosieboldianum.
The flowers of the Korean maple are white and purple, the bark is thin and delicate. The ability of the bark to be easily damaged is one of the disadvantages of this species. Bark ruptures can occur from mechanical stress or from a sharp temperature drop. In places where the bark is damaged, a fungus can form.
The Korean maple is winter-hardy, although it prefers warm climates. It looks great near the house and on the site due to its decorative effect.
Manchurian maple (mandshuricum)
Manchurian maple can be found in the Far East. These are powerful trees reaching 20 m in height with gray or brownish-gray bark. The leaves of the Manchurian maple are ternary with long red cuttings. It blooms beautifully in May with yellow-green flowers collected in corymbose inflorescences. In September, lionfish-shaped fruits appear on the maple.Manchurian maple (mandshuricum).
The Manchurian maple turns pink and orange in autumn and takes on an unusually beautiful appearance. This maple can be seen in arboretums and very rarely in gardens.
Varieties for the Moscow region
Having a garden in the Moscow region, you can think about how to decorate your site with such a beautiful decorative tree like maple. If you want to plant something simpler and not spend a lot of time caring for maple, give preference to hardy varieties:
If you prefer dark leaves, choose:
- Holly (Pycaecus) 'Crimson King'.
- Holly Crimson Sentry.
For lovers of brighter autumn colors - red, orange and yellow, maple varieties are suitable:
- Holly "Deborah".
- Sugar (sugar).
- Freemanii Autumn Blaze.
- Oktober Glory.
Unusual silvery hue on the underside and bright green on top of the leaf with a slight breeze give a completely unique beauty picture. This is characteristic of such a variety of maple as Silver Wieri.
A choice of maple varieties growing as a shrub:
- Hand-shaped or fan-shaped "Atropurpureum" (Atropurpureum).
- Fan Dissectum Garnet.
Maple varieties with beautiful unusual bark look great:
- False platan Leopoldi.
Some varieties of maple, according to legend, are endowed with mystical powers. This is a variety of maple Yavor.
Maple trees with a beautiful, regular crown that does not require additional pruning are represented by such a variety as Globoza.
You may be interested in the pleasant scent of maple blossoms. Then choose varieties such as:
- Honey plant.
For planting in the gardens of the Moscow region, all of the above varieties of maple are suitable.
For connoisseurs of real art, it will be interesting to purchase Maple Bonsai. These are plants grown with special pruning and in the future need pruning. Such maples are quite capricious and require special care and special conditions for growing. Bonsai maples are small and look very decorative.Maple bonsai.
Suitable for bonsai are red, holly, Japanese, rock, field maples. Plants with small foliage are especially valued.
Which varieties of maples are ornamental?
Since any variety of maple looks attractive, all varieties can be classified as decorative. It can be conditionally assumed that there are more decorative varieties, and there are less decorative ones. As a rule, less decorative maples are more viable and are not picky about soil or care.
The more decorative maple looks, the more demanding it is to growing conditions. It is difficult to divide maples into more or less decorative varieties, since some maples have the most impressive trunk of an unusual color, others have a bright color of foliage, and others have a beautiful crown shape. And yet, Japanese maples and bonsai maple can be considered the most decorative form. They are the hardest to take care of.
For other ornamental trees, see the article "Which ornamental trees to plant on the plot and in front of the house?".
Perennial maple species with names and photos for the garden
Only one maple is enough for a Japanese garden - this is a Japanese maple. This species is distinguished by its extraordinary decorativeness both in color and carved shape of the leaves, and in its beautiful crown, which does not require additional pruning.Japanese Maple (Acer japonicum).
Among the ash-leaved maple species, the most beautiful form stands out - "Flamingo". Its unusually colored leaves with a pink border look like flowers.Flamingo Maple.
Laciniata sugar maple is surprisingly similar to a bush, sparkling in the light, decorated with silver. It is the light underside of the leaf that gives such an unusual effect. The fluttering of foliage on a tree from a small breeze makes the leaves turn upside down, then downside and create the impression of silver sparkling in the sun.Canadian or Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum).
Crimson King Norway Maple stands out for its attractive dark chocolate leaf color.Norway Maple Crimson King.
Fast growing maple varieties
Sometimes you want a planted tree to grow as quickly as possible and acquire a mature look. In this case, choose a type of maple that grows quickly. The fastest growing species is the green maple, which is distinguished by an unusual coloring of the trunk: green with longitudinal stripes. If in young plants the stripes are white, similar to marble, then in mature trees the longitudinal stripes are darker.
This tree has a very beautiful crown in the form of a tent.
Ginnal Maple also grows fast enough to be used for hedges. This species is attractive with bright red fruits in autumn and amazing flowers with a delicate aroma in spring. In winter, the structural branches of the dark red ginnel create beautiful garden compositions.
Dwarf maples are often used in garden design to decorate the composition. Maples are attractive for their brightly colored foliage and beautifully carved leaves. Dwarf maple varieties include: Japanese maples, a variety of which are fan or palm-shaped maple and shirasawa.
Dwarf maples have beautifully curved trunks, an asymmetrical crown shape and bright foliage with shades of red, yellow, orange. They look great with conifers, cereals, and other garden plants.
The height of dwarf varieties is no more than 3 m. They grow slowly and live for more than 100 years.
Among the most popular varieties of dwarf maples are:
- Red leaf with purple foliage.
- Palmate MURASAKI KIYOHIME with green leaves bordered in red.
- Fan-shaped Aka shigitatsua - attractive with an interesting play of leaf colors from purplish pink to creamy white.
- Shirasawa's Aureum has pale green foliage throughout the summer.
Dwarf varieties require good soil and special care, especially sensitive to lack of moisture.
Rare varieties of maple
Despite the fact that gardeners actively use many varieties of maple in garden design, new varieties appear that have not yet found wide distribution. I would like gardeners to pay attention to these wonderful varieties.
Paperbark Maple (Acer Griseum)
This ornamental maple is unusual for its reddish-brown bark that peels off in patches to create a surprising effect. The paperbark maple is a tree that can grow up to 12 m in height. It has a spreading crown up to 5 m in diameter.
This maple has serrated, trifoliate leaves that are dark green above and bluish green below. Foliage turns bright red or orange in autumn.Paper Maple (Acer Griseum).
The variety has high winter hardiness, well tolerates negative temperatures up to 29 degrees Celsius.
This variety originated in China. In Europe, paper maple is widely distributed, while in Russia it is still little known.
Curly Maple (Acer circinatum)
This variety usually grows as a shrub up to 12 m tall, but can be grown as a small tree. Curly maple is notable for its very bright "fiery" coloring of autumn foliage with yellow, red and orange hues.
Maple is ornamental throughout the growing season with beautiful bright green carved leaves, large white flowers and lionfish-shaped fruits.Curly maple (Acer circinatum).
Curled maple is so called because of the curly crown. This effect can be achieved if the bush grows in the shade of other trees. In general, this plant should be planted near buildings or other trees to protect it from cold winds. This is especially true in harsh winters. In severe frosts, maple can freeze slightly, but in the spring it recovers again.
Mono Maple (Acer Mono)
Small-leaved Mono maple is not very common in Russia. This variety of maple grows in the form of a tree about 15 m high and no more than 70 cm wide. It has a beautiful gray bark with reddish young shoots. Maple leaves have a classic five-cavity shape. Distributed Mono in Korea and China, can also be found in the Far East.Maple Mono (Acer Mono).
Mono Maple is very decorative. Its foliage turns dark purple, almost purple in autumn. This maple looks great in single plantings.
Outdoor planting and care on site
Maples are hardy trees and can grow in all conditions, but prefer and thrive in full sun and fertile soil. Maples tolerate winter frosts and strong winds well.
Maples are sensitive to drought - they do not tolerate a long absence of moisture. In dry weather, water the tree once a week, using approximately 15 liters of water for irrigation. In the absence of drought, one watering per month can be dispensed with.
In the summer, apply Kemira-universal type fertilizer to the tree trunks of the maple tree.
Maples are propagated by cuttings, seeds and seedlings.
The distance between the maples when planting depends on the size of the crown of a mature tree. If there is no data on these sizes, then you can focus on approximate values. Distances between trees should be at least 3 meters.
If you plan to grow a green hedge from maples, then planting should be more dense. In this case, maple seedlings are planted in two rows in a checkerboard pattern. The distance between seedlings in a row is 0.5-1 m, between rows is also 0.5-1 m. Planting seedlings is carried out obliquely at an angle towards each other.Maple planting scheme for a green hedge.
Autumn planting can be done in September. In this case, it is best to remove a third of the leaves of a young maple. For the winter, cover the seedling with any kind of shelter: fallen leaves, spruce branches, non-woven material.
Do not forget to water the young tree well before the onset of cold weather. Maple will overwinter better if its root system is saturated with water.
From the forest
Maple can be grown by collecting its seeds in the forest. For growing from seeds, such types of maple as Tatar, Holly, Green-bark, Ginnala are most suitable.Maple seeds.
Lionfish seeds can always be found under the maple growing in the forest in autumn, because the maple bears fruit profusely every year. Use these seeds as planting material.
If you want to plant maple seeds in the spring, get certified: sow the seeds in a box and refrigerate it for 2 weeks. After that, the seeds can be germinated in the usual way.
Early spring is the best time to plant cuttings. Plant the cuttings in a garden bed with fertile soil. Over the summer, the cuttings will grow and they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
Planting maple seeds is the most affordable procedure, but it requires patience. Proceed as follows to propagate maple seeds:
- Collect seeds under the maple tree in autumn or purchase from a gardening store.
- Sow seeds in September in a bed with light fertile soil.
- Feed young plants that appear in spring and water regularly.
- In the fall, plant the grown seedlings in a permanent place and cover from frost with leaves or spruce branches.
Keep in mind that if the seeds are kept dry all winter, they may not germinate by spring.
Planting a maple seedling consists of the following steps:
- Dig a hole measuring 50*50*70 cm.
- Soak the seedling in water for several hours before planting.
- Place a shovel on the edge of the hole and position the seedling so that the root collar is 20 cm above ground level (because the earth will settle).
- Cover the seedling with loose fertile soil.
- Pour 30 liters of water over.
- Mulch the surface with peat.
Since the maple does not like compacted soils, loosen the soil under it some time after watering. Cover the root neck of young seedlings for the winter with spruce branches or dry leaves.
To propagate the maple by cuttings, proceed as follows:
- Choose a suitable, not very thick, healthy branch for cutting and make an incision in the bark on it with a sharp garden knife. Remove part of the bark.
- Treat the bark part of the branch with Growth Promoter or Root Promoter.
- Cover the part of the branch from which the bark has been removed with wet moss.
- Wrap the part of the branch with the moss in plastic wrap.
- Tie the polyethylene tightly on both sides with twine.
- Untie film after one year. You will see regrown roots.
- Cut off the rooted branch with a sharp knife.
- Plant the branch in the ground, covering all roots with earth.
After some time, the dug up branch will give maple shoots.
Maple species by region
Since maple is an unpretentious plant, representatives of its genus can be found in almost any region of the country. Many types of maple allow it to take root in any weather conditions.
About 20 species of maples grow in Russia. The most common of them are holly, Tatar, white, field. They are found in the European part of the country.
Maple is also common in the Far East. Here you can find river maple, false sibold maple, yellow, green-bark, Manchurian, Japanese, palmate and other species.
Very beautiful and rare varieties of maples grow in Moscow. Here are some of them:
- Amber Ghost fan maple has a changeable color of leaves - beige-pink with darker veins.
- Undersized umbrella maple has pink-green foliage in summer and fiery yellow and orange-red in autumn.
- Baldsmith's dwarf umbrella maple also changes foliage color throughout the season from orange-red to pink.
Here are the common maple species in Kazakhstan:
- Tatar maple.
- Holly Crimson Sentry.
- Holly Globozoom Ball.
- Holly "Royal Red" and others.
Such types of maple grow well in Siberia, such as:
For the Urals
Maples of the Ural region are represented by the following species:
- Plane Maple.
The following types and varieties of maple are common in Belarus:
- Ash-leaved maple 'Kelly Gold'.
- False Platan Simon Lewis Freres.
- False platan "Leopoldi".
- Holly "Globozum".
White Maple Large Maple
White Maple belongs to the Giant Maple species. On average, the height of a tree is 20–35 m. Sometimes these giant trees reach a height of 40 m. They have a large, dome-like crown. The bark of the White Maple is smooth gray and flakes off in places with age. Under the peeling scales, a young bark of a pink or light brown hue is visible.
The leaves of the White Maple are large, carved, red, yellow or crimson."White" maple.
In nature, such powerful trees live up to 500 years, but in culture they live much less - about 100 years. This species can grow in shade but does best in full sun.
White maple is a very showy tree. There are many ornamental cultivars of White Maple with different leaf colors. Unfortunately, this giant feels good only in the southern regions. In the north of the country, it does not always survive - in especially cold winters it can die.