How much is a bonsai tree cost
Bonsai prices - Bonsai Empire
So how do you put a price tag on a bonsai? What are they worth, what price makes sense for an individual tree? In this article we investigate the variables that are important and we look at a few examples of Bonsai for sale.
The price of a Bonsai tree; what to look at
Prices of Bonsai trees tend to vary widely from shop to shop and from country to country. Cheap Bonsai are available at garden centers around the world for around $20, but the availability of high quality Bonsai trees is much more limited. And trees of the highest quality (very old trees that have been kept for generations, often in Japan) are very rare.
With strict import restrictions the flow of these quality trees from Japan to the US and Europe is limited. Most tree species need to be bare-rooted and quarantined for months (even years). The bare rooting is a high risk for old trees, only few tree species can withstand this. Simple economics; with limited availability, prices go up.
How much can a Bonsai tree cost? The most expensive Bonsai tree is this centuries old Pine, sold for 1.3 million dollar at the International Bonsai Convention in Takamatsu, Japan. For some more examples check our blog post about the most expensive Bonsai tree.
But let's focus first on the cheap and medium-quality material first. The price of a Bonsai depends on several factors, most noteworthy age and design.
How much is a Bonsai tree? Age and history
Bonsai trees are often considered to be old, expensive and impossible to keep alive. Simplifying things a little bit, we can say that the more mature a Bonsai looks, the higher its price is. The most expensive Bonsai are all old trees and have been kept in pots for generations, also see this blog post about the Oldest Bonsai trees. Maturity can only be achieved with optimal care over the course of decades, even centuries. Hence, age is a good indicator of the value of a Bonsai tree.
Design and tapering of the trunk
Most cheap Bonsai trees are grown in China. Here they grow them from cuttings to plants of up to 6ft (2m) tall, in just 3-5 years time. When the trunks have grown thick enough the 6ft (2m) tall plant is chopped to just a few inches, after which another year is spend to allow the tree to grow a few new branches. Letting a tree grow tall and then chopping it is the fast way to get a thick trunk, but obviously, the scar will always be visible. The trunk will also have no tapering.
The price of Bonsai depends a lot on how much time is invested in that specific tree. The fast way of growing Bonsai is cheap, but the result is not attractive. The combination of a thick trunk with tapering is expensive, as it takes much more time to grow (we explain how this works in the Bonsai trunk article). Conclusion: a thick trunk, with attractive tapering, can only be achieved over many years of work. Therefore, its expensive.
Pot & tree species
Bonsai pots come in many prices and this depends largely on its age. Old antique pots from China and Japan can cost thousands of dollars, if they would be for sale. New factory made pots from China cost less than a dollar. Prices of new, but handmade, pots vary widely. Continue reading about Bonsai pots.
Finally, some tree species are rare or more difficult to grow, and therefore more expensive.
Bonsai price examples, from expensive to cheap
Priceless... A remarkable tree which is well known for its extremely high age; the tree is reported to be over 800 years old and should be worth at least $400,000.
Not for sale, and will never be. This tree has been trained into a Bonsai for almost 400 years, the result of 6 generations of hard work and patience by the Yamaki family. But what makes it really special is that it was in Hiroshima when the atomic bomb fell in 1945; the tree survived and was later donated to the National Bonsai & Penjing Museum in Washington (read more about the Yamaki Pine).
Still an expensive Bonsai tree, but much more affordable than the examples above. This one was for sale at around $90,000. The tree is old and has a spectacular trunk, which explains why it is so expensive. Image courtesy by S-Cube.
Ficus tree before and after its styling. This is material much cheaper because the plant is younger and widely available; this plant can be purchased for around $60. Also check our Bonsai trees for sale article (a list of Bonsai stores worldwide).
How Much Does a Bonsai Tree Cost? – BigBoyPlants
So you want to get into Bonsai, but how much does a bonsai tree cost? How much can you expect to add to your monthly bills if you want to get into this often deemed costly hobby? These are some extremely valid questions, that we both as Business and Accounting majors, had too. Now, let’s get into everything you can expect cost/price related to bonsai trees.
On average, you can expect a bonsai tree to cost you around $100. This price includes the bonsai tree itself, as well as the kit which come with trimmers, wire, fertilizer, pot, and soil. Keep in mind these are averages, which will go up or down depending on the quality of the bonsai tree (and its elements) you want to have.
This is, again, an average. A one-size-fits-all approach to costs related to growing a bonsai tree. Let’s dig deeper into the nitty gritty.
Table of Contents
How Much Does a Bonsai Tree cost?
During our research we found the following quote which I think makes a great point.
“This question could be compared to: how much does an average painting cost?”
This analogy is not only great because it explains the dangers of an overgeneralization, but it also reminds us that bonsai tree care is ultimately an art form.
What this means is that you will be able to find a bonsai tree for as little as $10 dollars in some nurseries or up to $500 at some others, not including world-famous bonsai trees. It all depends on several elements that you should take into consideration when deciding which tree to choose.Credits: Casa del Bonsai
Some aspects you should consider regarding the tree itself are a) age, b) size, c) shape d) health e) foliage and f) rarity of species.
Regarding the bonsai pot, consider a) the style of the pot, b) the soil and drainage quality and c) the decorations it has (some have functioning fountains).
As a rule of thumb, the more the better. This means, the older, the bigger, the rarer shaped, the healthier, the more foliage, the rarer species, the more beautiful the pot, the better soil and drainage quality and the more decorations, the more expensive.
The good news is that this artform allows you to decide how much you want to spend, and upgrade (if you wish) as you go. Now let’s take a look at an average Joe or Jane.
How Much Does an Average Bonsai Cost?
Let’s say you are a bonsai beginner, or merely a bonsai amateur. You are looking to dab into this lifestyle, but aren’t ready to splurge $1000 dollars right away. That’s perfectly fine.
The good news is that bonsai trees can cost as much as you want to invest in them, there is something for everyone around. You will be able to find a tree from $10 dollars, up to $500 dollars in any given nursery. So many factors play a part here, but let’s make a couple of assumptions in order to be able to give you a straight-up price.Credits: Casa del Bonsai
Let’s say you are starting out. In order to do it, you’ll want a good, healthy tree, from an average species in terms of rarity, an average pot, an average size (around 5 inches tall or 15 cm) and approximately 5-6 years old. This tree should cost you around $40-$70 dollars.
If you add the bonsai tree kit (trimmers, wire, watering can, fertilizer) all in average quality, then you can ramp up the price by around $30-$40 dollars to a total of $70-$110 dollars for a quality bonsai tree to start with.
However, this is an average, there are many factors that will affect it, so be on the lookout for the following things to determine the right price to pay.
Factors to Consider That Affect the Price
The rarer the species, the more expensive the tree will be. “Rare” is a bit subjective, but it can be brought down to either a) difficulty in growth b) rare in terms of history & age c) rare in regards to the location or d) rare in terms of design.
Difficulty of Growth
Some species are notoriously difficult to grow (for instance Pines or Tamarinds), which means that more effort was put into helping it grow, which in turn, increases the price.Source: BoredPanda
This is especially true for a pre-grown bonsai tree, especially if you live in a place where the tree doesn’t naturally grow there. As you can imagine, the fact that the tree is alive must’ve taken a considerable amount of effort and patience to grow, so this will definitely rack up the price.
Age and Provenance (History) of the Bonsai
Some trees are literally hundreds of years old and have been passed along generations – this will certainly drive up the price. Some other trees, like the previously mentioned Atomic Tree, have rich history like having survived the Hiroshima bombing, which definitely make it near invaluable.
This rule applies to more “normal” trees too. The older the pre-grown tree is, the more work someone has invested in it before you, the more expensive it will be.
Design of the Bonsai
As a rule of thumb, the more intricate the design, the more expensive it can be. There are a handful of designs that bonsai masters can apply to their leafy friend, but some of the most complex are the Kengai, Han-Kengai, and Ikadabuki.
For example this Kengai (Cascading):Source: Pinterest
These designs require a good amount of work both from the bonsai master to follow and pursue his vision, as well as a good amount of work put in by the bonsai tree too in order to stay healthy during a somewhat unnatural process.
Bonsais are meant to mimic trees in their natural habitat, which generally, due to many years of growth, have a pretty thick trunk in order to keep its balance and distribute the minerals to every part of the system.
However, in a bonsai, achieving a thick trunk is much harder to produce, but is of course, highly desired. There are several tips and trick you can follow in order to try to get a thick trunk, but if you aim to do it quickly and carelessly, it will generally scar the tree forever.
As with bonsais, you can have your fair distribution of styles of bonsai pots. If you want to lowball it, you can find bonsai pots for as low as $10 that are mass-produced anywhere.
If you want to go mid-range but personalized, then you can expect to pay from $50-$150 dollars for a hand-made pot. If you want to go all in, then invest in a beautiful antique and handmade pot brought from Japan that’s one of a kind, those will certainly cost a couple hundred dollars.
If you include decorations as well, there are intricate bonsai pots that include functioning water fountains and mini-buddhas you can take for your own.
How Much Does a Bonsai Tree Kit Cost?
Bonsai Maintenance Kit
A typical beginners maintenance bonsai tree kit can cost you around $30 dollars. This bonsai kit should include trimmers, wire, and pot.
A more advanced maintenance bonsai kit will be around $50-$60 dollars, which will include several trimmers (around 7), wires, rake (for the soil), and broom.
Bonsai Tree Kit
There are some beginners bonsai kits which include the bonsai tree too! These will cost around $35 which include a pre-grown 4-5 year old tree, inside a pot, some trimmers and a fertilizer.
There are other bonsai kits that include the same as the pre-grown tree, but instead of the tree, some 3-4 types of seeds too. These will cost you around $25 dollars.
How Much Can a Bonsai Tree cost?
Let’s talk about money. In short, bonsai trees can be worth a whole lot. The most expensive ever sold bonsai tree is an Old Pine that was sold in the International Bonsai Convention in Japan for an incredible 1.3 million dollars.
There are other bonsai trees like the one below that was sold for 90,000 dollars, the primary reasons being the very special shape of its tree trunk. This brings back the point that it is difficult to apply a generalization on how much a bonsai tree can be worth, since it is really a case by case basis. Every tree is it’s own world and has its own story which can make it incredibly valuable.Source: BonsaiEmpire
For instance, remember the Atomic Tree? (the tree that survived the Hiroshima bombing and was gifted to the US from Japan?). This tree’s price is most likely invaluable. There will never be a specific price to pay for it, unless someone decides it’s worth the amount of money.
Why are Bonsai Trees so Expensive
The main reason why bonsai trees are so expensive is time. Each individual tree not only requires a large amount of time to grow, but also, bonsai experts take decades to shape their tree into their ideal form. Also, bonsai is a traditional artform that is taught through generations and trees are often passed along through generations too. Consider the oldest bonsai trees are over 800 years old.
<If you want to learn about how long it takes to grow a bonsai tree, check out our guide here>
How many activities that you’re learning take years, or even decades to properly show the results of what you’re doing?
To illustrate what we mean, let’s use guitar learning as an example. Let’s use guitar for example. When you first start off, you’ll be less than good. But when hours go by, and days go by, you’ll start noticing the impact of your practice right then and there. With this positive feedback loop, you want to keep going.
Now let’s go back to bonsai. The changes you make today might have an impact in months or even years if you’re talking about major changes to your friend. This means that bonsais take time, and they require patience. And this costs money.
Here is a nice video from Tech Insider explaining the same concept:
This is why it’s always important to remember that bonsai trees are better off being seen as artform, or sculpture. So to pile on to this question consider: how many “sculptures” are done on a living being that can react in unexpected ways? This takes dedication, perseverance and talent.
How much maintenance does a bonsai tree need?
Different types of bonsai trees require different levels of maintenance. For example, some bonsai species only need to be repotted every few years, while others need to be repotted every few months.
Fertilizing is also important, some bonsai trees need to be fertilized monthly, while others only need to be fertilized once or twice a year.
Pruning is another important maintenance task for bonsai trees. Many bonsai trees will periodically lose leaves or branches, and it’s important to prune them back to keep the tree healthy and looking aesthetically pleasing. In addition, bonsai trees often need to be wired in order to maintain their shape.
Bonsai prices - Bonsai Empire
How much does a bonsai tree cost?
- Material Information
Bonsai are living works of art, some famous trees are hundreds of years old. These trees are priceless, and when they are sold, they are very expensive. At the same time, you can purchase bonsai at your local garden center for just a few dollars.
So, how is a bonsai valued? What do they cost, what price is reasonable for a particular tree? In this article, we will look at the important components of the price of a bonsai and a few examples of bonsai for sale.
Bonsai prices to look out for
Bonsai prices usually vary greatly from shop to shop and country to country. Garden centers around the world sell very cheap trees (about $20), but higher quality trees are much rarer. And trees of the highest quality (very old, grown for many generations, most often in Japan) are very rare.
With strict import restrictions, the supply of these quality trees from Japan to the US and Europe is limited. When imported, most tree species must be transported bare-rooted and kept in quarantine for months (or even years). Root exposure poses high risks for older trees, and few tree species can tolerate it. Simple economics: limited supply leads to higher prices.
However, let's first consider the case of cheap material and medium quality material. The price of a bonsai depends on several factors, the most significant of which are the age and design of the tree.
How much does a bonsai tree cost? Age and history
It is often believed that bonsai trees are old, expensive and impossible to keep alive. If we simplify a little, we can conclude that the older the bonsai looks, the more it costs. The most valuable trees known to us (see illustrations) have all grown very large and been kept in containers for several generations of their owners.
Tree design and stem taper
The cheapest bonsai trees are grown in China. Here they grow from cuttings to a height of 2 m in just 3-5 years. When the trunks are thick enough, the plant is cut to a stump only a few centimeters high, after which several branches are grown on the tree over the next year. Letting the tree grow tall and then shortening it a lot is a quick way to get a thick trunk, but obviously this cut will always be visible and the trunk will not be tapered.
The price of a bonsai depends on how much time is invested in each particular tree. The quick way to grow bonsai is cheap, but the result is not very attractive. A thick stem with taper is expensive because it takes much longer to create.
Conclusion: a thick barrel with an attractive taper can only be obtained after many years of work, so it is expensive.
Container and wood view
Bonsai containers come in different price ranges, and this largely depends on their age. When sold, old ancient pots from China and Japan can fetch thousands of dollars. New factory-made pots from China cost less than a dollar. Prices for new pots, but made by hand, vary greatly.
Finally, some types of trees are rarer or more difficult to form into bonsai and therefore more expensive.
Bonsai trees and their price tag (bonsai price)
Examples of bonsai prices, from expensive to cheap
The most expensive bonsai tree is this centuries-old pine, sold at the International Bonsai Convention in Takamatsu, Japan for US$1.3 million.
Priceless bonsai... Wonderful tree well known for its very old age; according to some sources, it is more than 800 years old.
This tree is not for sale and will never be sold. This tree has been shaped as a bonsai tree for almost 400 years and is the result of the hard work and patience of six generations of the Yamaki family. However, it is especially important that it was in Hiroshima when the atomic bomb fell on the city in 1945. The tree survived and was later donated to the National Bonsai and Penging Museum in Washington DC (image courtesy of the museum).
Also an expensive bonsai tree, but much cheaper than the examples above. It was sold for around $90,000 (bonsai price). The tree is old and has an impressive trunk, which explains the high price level. Image courtesy of S-Cube.
Ficus before and after its formation. The source material is much cheaper due to its young age; this plant can be purchased for approximately US$60. Also check out our article on bonsai for sale (list of bonsai stores).
How to grow bonsai at home
Bonsai is the ancient Oriental art of growing trees in miniature, the main goals of which are maximum realism and similarity with prototypes. Many people think that doing this art is too difficult. But this is far from true. Of course, to get a beautiful bonsai tree, you need to make some efforts and strictly adhere to certain rules, but you will not need special gardening skills. You can also always buy a ready-made tree. In our catalog you will find a lot of indoor plants and flowers in Uzhgorod and other cities of Ukraine.
What plants are suitable for bonsai
In fact, bonsai can be formed from any tree species that are not naturally prone to intensive growth, but the fact is that not all plants can withstand such frequent pruning. So, before you buy a tree, find out how whimsical it is, and whether your microclimate is suitable for this species. So, if you consider yourself a “teapot” among plant growers, we recommend stopping at the Chinese juniper. This woody plant of the cypress family takes root well in our natural conditions and reacts positively to pruning. The next undemanding species, which also has beautiful foliage and even bark, is the common hornbeam. Also pay attention to the Japanese maple, hawthorn and decorative apple tree. But certain types of trees with large leaves are best avoided, with those you will have to get confused. The most win-win solution is to grow bonsai from local tree species that are inherent in your natural area and climate type.
How to grow bonsai
There are several ways to create a bonsai composition. And the first thing you need to buy the source. If you are not in a hurry and ready for a slow but productive process, then choose young trees - you can easily create bonsai from them in your own unique style.
Growing bonsai from cuttings
If you are going to grow a floral masterpiece from cuttings, you will need to prepare for a long and painstaking process. For those who are not in the know, cuttings are nothing more than small pieces of twigs cut off from the mother plant. A very important point is which donor tree the cutting is taken from. The plant must certainly be healthy and preferably annual. At the same time, the length of the cutting should not exceed ten centimeters, and the number of leaves on it should not exceed five to eight.
Cut cuttings are devoid of roots, and they take root by planting in the ground. The best periods for cutting conifers are considered to be the middle of spring or the very beginning of autumn. And for hardwoods, it's always June. The most successful containers for planting bonsai are plastic mini-vessels.
In order for the cuttings to take root quickly, they can be additionally treated with a growth stimulator solution before planting. All stimulants are created on the basis of hormones, so the result will certainly be positive. Moreover, deciduous trees take root much faster - in just a couple of weeks. But the rooting of conifers can take a year or even more.
So, take your container, fill it ⅔ full with sand and peat mixed together, and start planting. In this case, the distance between the cuttings should be the same. Now you can pour the seedlings with water and wrap the container with a transparent film. Put the greenhouse in the shade and do not forget to check every day whether there is enough moisture in the soil.
A sign that the cutting has begun to take root will be the appearance of the first young leaves on the shoot. At this moment, it is already possible to slightly open the film so that the future tree slowly hardens and begins to get used to the general environment. After a couple of months, such shoots become suitable for transplanting into separate containers. The best substrate for cuttings is loose earth mixed with clay.
In the first year of life, the stalk does not need to be fed - in fresh soil, and so there will be enough useful minerals and trace elements. And in order for the shoots to survive the first winter, they need to build a shelter. To do this, take containers with seedlings, dig them a little into the ground and cover with a lid or a dense film that will not let the wind through.
It should be noted that not all tree species can be grown by cuttings. These include cedar and pine. But among the most “fast” in terms of growth, elms stand out (in particular, dwarf elm), as well as privet, maple and barberry.
Growing bonsai from seeds
Be prepared for the process of growing bonsai from seeds to be very long. So, it will take you no less than 10-15 years to form a mini tree. All those plants in pots that you can find on the shelves in specialized stores are just about that age. Why does seed growing take such a long time? Let's figure it out further.
The fact is that in order to obtain a certain form from certain types of trees, you need to start striving for this almost from the first minutes of the plant's life. This primarily applies to all types of elms. The only way to transform an elm tree into its signature vertical style is to remove some of the roots in the first year of its growth. Then you just have to regularly trim its shoots on the sides.
If done correctly, by the twentieth year of life it will be clearly seen that the bonsai is grown from seed and has been shaped as such from the very beginning of life. This is determined by the appearance of that part of the root system that is above the soil surface. Thus, the roots of a properly grown bonsai are like equidistant rays of stars that extend from a perfectly shaped trunk. At the same time, the ratio of the size of the crown of a tree and the height of its trunk is proportional. It is impossible to achieve such subtleties by cuttings.
By the way, if you grow bonsai from conifer, don't be afraid to experiment and try to bend its branches into curls. So you can create your own unique fantasy composition. To create another interesting effect, you will need a wire: lay it on the bark and wait until it grows a little into its top layer. Over time, the resulting line will resemble a scar, as if it were a healed wound on the human body. On a rough bark, such scars look especially impressive.
Black pine stems grown from seed are very good at curling. From this tree, the wire can be removed already three years after installation - the bonsai will just have time to get used to its new shape, and its bark will not suffer from this manipulation. Moreover, if desired, the wire can be fixed and re-fixed.
Any intrusion into the trunks and branches of the bonsai is not allowed even after the plant has reached the age of 45. The fact is that over time, the bark begins to coarsen and the “wounds” from the wire simply will not “heal”.
And now back to the question - where to get the seeds for growing bonsai? The easiest way to get them is to buy them in the store. But you can collect the seeds yourself just during an autumn walk through the forest or botanical garden. Do not pass by plantations of hazel, juniper, blackthorn - the seeds of these tree varieties have a hard shell and are easy to grow. To do this, take a container with wet sand, put the seeds, and sprinkle another layer of sand on top. Cover the seedlings with foil, put in a place without drafts and without direct sunlight, leaving the container there for the winter. Periodically moisten the soil with a spray bottle and do not allow it to dry out. This method is called freezing: winter frosts have a devastating effect on the seed coat, which causes cracks to appear on it, from where spring sprouts then sprout.
As a rule, not every seed can sprout, and this is quite normal. Do not throw away unsprouted seeds, they can still sprout for the next season. If the winters in your area of residence are more like a long autumn, you can use the freezer to freeze.
As for the soft-shelled seeds, they can be planted in the ground as soon as they have been harvested. Maple seeds germinate the fastest. The only feature is that the container with maple seedlings needs to organize diffused light. In warm winter, the first sprouts will appear without even waiting for spring.
Maintenance and care of bonsai
In order for your bonsai creation to grow and develop, it must be properly and regularly maintained. However, do not forget that each tree species has its own special requirements. Earlier we already figured out what cyclamen care is, and now we will dwell in more detail on the rules for caring for bonsai.
First of all, it is worth understanding that some types of bonsai require outdoor cultivation, and some can only grow indoors. So, street bonsai cannot be placed in the house, and home bonsai cannot be transferred to fresh air. Be sure to check this point before buying, so as not to accidentally harm the plant.
Seedlings from the subtropics will do best in places where there is a lot of light and high temperatures. You can put such bonsai in open space only if you live in the southern latitudes and are sure that there will be no sudden cold snaps. But it is better not to take risks and put a pot with a tree in a warm room. For outdoor bonsai varieties, even if you grow a representative of the local flora, one way or another, you will need to create a shelter for the cold season.
Soil and irrigation
A range of factors influence the frequency and amount of watering a seedling. And this is not only the type of tree, but also the size of the container in which you grow it, and the composition of the substrate, as well as the type of climate and environmental conditions. In any case, an excess of moisture will lead to the development of root rot, which can cause the death of the tree. And the lack of moisture will not bring benefits. Moreover, bonsai trees are always planted in small pots, which is why the soil in them dries out pretty quickly. Therefore, check daily that the substrate is sufficiently and, most importantly, evenly moistened.
The soil for bonsai must be fertile, rich in nutrients. Gardeners recommend repotting bonsai once every two years. It is in a couple of years that the root system of a tree can grow quite strongly and compact the soil, preventing it from being properly saturated with water, which is so necessary for the plant.
Top dressing is an important aspect of bonsai care. Of course, the type of soil plays an important role, but since trees are always grown in containers with limited space, fertilization is mandatory for normal growth and development of the crop. It is best to add top dressing to the soil during the growing season, that is, exactly when the plant forms its immune system. However, first of all, you need to focus on the needs of your particular bonsai variety. The form of release of dressings (dry or liquid) does not matter.
Methods of shaping bonsai
The art of bonsai involves not only growing a tree, but also its formation or, in other words, transformation. This process is both creative and painstaking. It took Eastern craftsmen more than one hundred years to bring the methods of bonsai formation to perfection. But now everyone can master the subtleties of trimming and shaping bonsai with wire. The main thing is not to rush, because the miniaturization of trees is a leisurely journey that should be enjoyed every day.
Pruning is considered a very important method of keeping bonsai neat and tidy and maintaining the tree's original appearance in the wild. The best periods for pruning bonsai are considered the spring and summer seasons. Get ready for the fact that in order to work with thick branches you will need to acquire special gardening tools. And it is better if it is not a pruner, but concave scissors - the cuts obtained after them grow somewhat faster and more painlessly for the plant.
To understand which branches should be cut and which should be left, it is desirable, of course, to see the tree live. However, there are certain points that will become signals that you definitely cannot do without pruning. For example:
- if two branches on your bonsai grow at the same level, then one of them must be pruned;
- you need to get rid of all branches with too strong bends;
- too thick branches in the upper part of the crown always look cumbersome and also not needed.
Forming bonsai with wire
We have already mentioned above that you can give the desired shape to bonsai using ordinary wire - gently bending and unbending branches with an ingrown metal tape. The main thing is not to overdo it and remove the wire in a timely manner with wire cutters until the branches begin to coarsen and thicken.
Moreover, on trees with smooth bark, the wire should remain for a slightly shorter period than on trees with rough trunks. This is due to the fact that on a smooth surface the marks will remain more distinct and not always aesthetic. It is allowed to fix the wire in any season of the year.
Artificial aging of a bonsai
Artificial aging of a young tree is a very popular method of shaping bonsai. Miniature old-timers always look very unusual. Coniferous species are most easily amenable to artificial aging, but in the case of deciduous, everything will also work out.
So, in order to age the plant, you will need wire cutters or a sharp knife. Remove a small layer of bark with a tool. It is unlikely that it will be possible to do this confidently and accurately the first time, so at first it is better to practice on any branches (the main thing is that they are not dry).
Please note that the bark must not be removed completely. Leave a few thin stripes - they are necessary for the access of moisture and organic matter from the soil to the crown.
Clean removal of the bark is allowed only on those branches that will be cut in the future, as well as on those that, according to the idea, will be “dead”.