How much sun does a pomegranate tree need


How to Grow Pomegranate Trees

By

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers

Vanessa Richins Myers is a seasoned horticulturist, writer, and educator with over 10 years of training and experience as a professional horticulturist and gardener. She has a Bachelor of Science degree in horticulture, with an emphasis in landscape design and urban horticulture. She volunteers as a community garden specialist.

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Updated on 03/10/22

Reviewed by

Kathleen Miller

Reviewed by Kathleen Miller

Kathleen Miller is a highly-regarded Master Gardener and Horticulturist who shares her knowledge of sustainable living, organic gardening, farming, and landscape design. She founded Gaia's Farm and Gardens, a working sustainable permaculture farm, and writes for Gaia Grows, a local newspaper column.  She has over 30 years of experience in gardening and sustainable farming.

Learn more about The Spruce's Review Board

The Spruce / K. Dave

In This Article

  • Planting

  • Care

  • Varieties

  • Harvesting

  • Pruning

  • Propagating

  • Common Pests and Diseases

Pomegranate trees (Punica granatum) produce delicious fruit, and if you have the right warm climate, they are easy to maintain and not affected by many pests or diseases. The fruits have a red, leathery rind, and the sweet, edible seeds are full of antioxidants and have many health benefits.

The pomegranate can range from a dwarf shrub of 3 feet to a tree of 20 to 30 feet. The average size of a standard pomegranate shrub is 12 to 16 feet tall with a round shape. In most places, they are deciduous, but in warmer climates, they may be evergreen. They are also attractive ornamentally, with glossy leaves and scarlet red, tube-shaped flowers that are attractive to hummingbirds and other pollinators. The pomegranate is a popular choice for bonsai. The bark is a red-brown color, and branches may have spines.

Somewhat drought tolerant, a pomegranate tree is perfect for the sunniest and warmest locations in the yard that might scorch other plants. Young trees should be planted in the spring after any danger of late frost has passed. They usually take two to three years to bear fruit.

Botanical Name Punica granatum
Common Name Pomegranate
Plant Type Shrub, small tree
Size From 3 ft. dwarf forms to 30 ft tall trees
Sun Exposure Full sun
Soil Type Grows in most types, but must be well-drained
Soil pH Acidic, neutral, alkaline (5.5 to 7)
Hardiness Zones 7-10 (USDA)
Native Area Iran to northern India

How to Plant Pomegranate Trees

When planting, make sure the soil is loose and not too wet. The spacing will depend on how you plan to use your pomegranate tree. Some growers use them as a spreading shrub hedge, and they can be spaced around 6 to 9 feet apart. For those being used for fruit production, it is better to space them around 15 feet apart.

Pomegranate Tree Care

The Spruce / K. Dave

The Spruce / K. Dave

The Spruce / K. Dave

Light

Pomegranate shrubs may be grown in part shade but ideally should be placed somewhere with as much sun and warmth as possible. For a good harvest, your tree should get at least six hours of full sun per day.

Soil

The pomegranate needs well-drained soil, though it is able to thrive in a wide variety of soils from acid loam (preferred) to poor quality alkaline types.

Water

The pomegranate tree is drought tolerant, though irrigation is needed for proper fruit production. Water deeply every two to four weeks during the dry season when you are establishing new trees.

Be careful, however, not to overwater. Excess water and soggy conditions can lead to a poor harvest. The fruit will also be more prone to splitting, increasing the chances of problems with pests and fungal diseases.

Temperature and Humidity

The optimal growing areas for this fruit are USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. They appreciate cool winters and hot, dry summers. They thrive when growing season temperatures are above 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Pomegranate trees are more cold tolerant than citrus trees, but the levels vary depending on the cultivar. Some can cope with winter temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit. However, when they dip this low, it would be prudent to grow them in containers so they can be moved into a garage or other sheltered location to minimize the chance of frost damage occurring.

Fertilizer

Fertilize in November and March for the first two years. Otherwise, not much fertilizer is usually needed in subsequent years. In fact, over-fertilization can result in a poor harvest.

Pomegranate Tree Varieties

There are many cultivars to choose from, including some that are more cold hardy. Some of the popular types include:

  • 'Nana': A dwarf form that is cold hardy to zone 7 and typically grows to just 4 feet tall
  • 'Sweet': Produces fruit earlier than some cultivars and, as the name suggests, has a very sweet flavor and usually provides a prolific harvest
  • 'Wonderful': The most popular cultivar grown in the U.S.; produces large, flavorful, red fruits in abundance late in the season

Harvesting

It takes around three years for a pomegranate tree to produce a proper harvest. You'll know the fruits are ready to be picked when the color has developed, they have a matte rather than glossy sheen, they change from a round to a more hexagonal shape, and they make a metallic sound when tapped. Use a pair of pruning shears to cut the stem above the fruit instead of pulling it off. They can be stored for a long time if kept between 32 and 40 degrees Fahrenheit.

Pruning

Pomegranates are prone to producing suckers, so remove them as they appear. If you choose not to prune your pomegranate tree, it will develop a wider spreading bushy, shrub-like form. Regular pruning of branches in the first few years especially will help to encourage healthy new shoot development and a more abundant harvest.

After the tree is established, it may be enough only to prune away any dead, damaged, or diseased branches. It is a good idea to thin out the fruits growing on the branches. This will ensure the pomegranates can grow to full size and reduces the chance of a limb breaking because of excess weight.

Propagating Pomegranate Trees

Propagation is best done through hardwood cuttings taken in winter as those grown from seeds may not stay true to type.

Common Pests and Diseases

Pomegranate shrubs are one of the easier fruits to work with since they are not usually affected by many pests or diseases.

Possible occasional pests include pomegranate butterfly, thrips, scale, mealy bugs, and whiteflies. Diseases are rare in well-maintained trees but include leaf spot, fruit spot, twig dieback, dry rot, and soft rot.

How to Grow Pomegranates - Growing In The Garden

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In this post, I answer common questions about how to grow pomegranates successfully, including how to plant and care for pomegranates, how to eat pomegranates, and questions about typical problems with pomegranates such as dried out or rotten fruit, and what to do about leaf-footed bugs.

I’ve partnered with Kellogg Garden to bring you this post about how to grow pomegranates.


 

One of the oldest cultivated fruits, there are literary references to pomegranates dating back to Old Testament times and beyond. Pomegranate fruit has leather-like smooth skin that ranges from pink and green to red and brown surrounding the arils. 

Arils are the edible part of the fruit and are surrounded by sweet, juicy pulp. Even without the nutritious fruit, pomegranates are a beautiful tree that provide shiny green foliage, crimson blossoms, and stunning yellow foliage each year just before the leaves fall.

Pomegranate leaves turn yellow before they fall

Heat-loving and drought-tolerant pomegranate trees are especially suited to growing in warm arid regions such as parts of Arizona and California. Learn how to grow a pomegranate tree and enjoy it for years.


Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.


11 of your top “How to Grow Pomegranates” questions answered:


1. Is a pomegranate a bush or a tree?

Typically pomegranates are grown as a tree, but they can be grown as a large bush by allowing  suckers to grow, and keeping it pruned for size. 

Prune as trees by selectively removing suckers and training it into a multi-trunked tree. [/right]Either way you choose to grow them, pomegranates (Punica granatum) are deciduous with a height and spread of 12 to 20 feet. Dwarf varieties can be grown in large containers.


2. What type of pomegranate should I plant?

Choose a type suited for your climate (some do well in cooler zones), and choose dwarf varieties for containers if you want to move them to protected locations for the winter. 

  • Balegal – Large fruits with pale pink skin; sweet flavored flesh, hardy to zone 7.
  • Crab – Medium to large fruit with bronze skin; tart but rich flavor; productive.
  • Early Wonderful – Large fruits with thin red skin; tart flavor; very productive.
  • Granada – Medium fruit with crimson skin; semi-sweet; matures early; hardy to zone 7.
  • Sweet – Medium fruit with pink skin; green skin with red flush; very sweet; productive; bears at a young age.
  • Utah Sweet – Medium-sized fruit with pink skin; sweet flavor and soft seeds; pink flowers.
  • Wonderful – Large fruits with red skin; tangy, flavorful, soft seeds; large red flowers; productive. This variety grows well in the low desert of Arizona.

3. How do you plant pomegranates?

  • It’s best to plant trees in the spring or fall in warm places like Arizona. 
  • Pomegranates need plenty of sun to thrive and produce fruit. Look for an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sun. 
  • Good drainage is crucial for pomegranate trees, but they tolerate almost any soil, even poor or alkaline ones.  
  •  Plant pomegranates in a hole as deep as the nursery pot and twice as wide.
  • In cooler climates, grow pomegranates near a south-facing wall or in a large container that can be moved to a protected location during cold weather.

4. How do you care for pomegranates?

Pomegranate trees are generally easy to care for, requiring minimal maintenance once planted.

  • Water newly-planted trees more often until established. Water pomegranates deeply during the heat of the summer. 
  • Fertilize pomegranates just as they leaf out (around February) with a large covering of compost (preferred) or use an organic fertilizer 2-3 times per year. 
  • For the first 3 years, it is recommended to shorten shoots to encourage a strong, sturdy plant. 
  • Pruning pomegranate trees is not necessary. However, if desired you can prune pomegranates for size, to remove crossing branches and suckers, or to train against a wall or trellis.  
  • The best time to prune pomegranate trees is after they have dropped all their leaves, just before they begin to leaf out in the spring. Pomegranate trees can also be pruned lightly throughout the year.
  • Thin pomegranate fruit to 1 fruit about every 6 inches. Thinning the fruit promotes large fruit and prevents limb damage from heavy fruit.

5. It’s spring and my pomegranate tree still doesn’t have leaves; is it dead?

Be patient. Pomegranate trees are often slow to leaf out each spring. However, if you had temperatures lower than 10 °F, your pomegranate tree may have experienced frost damage. Wait until late spring to see if one or more of the trunks are damaged. Remove dead wood.


6. I had plenty of blossoms but no fruit; what is wrong with my pomegranate tree?

Pomegranate trees begin to yield fruit about 3 years after planting. More mature plants hold  onto the flowers and fruits better (less drop). Conditions that adversely affect yield in older trees include excess watering, poor drainage, over-fertilization, and not enough sunlight.

Cross-pollination is not required with pomegranate trees, but planting more than 1 tree (even the same type) can increase fruit set.


7. How can I tell when a pomegranate is ready to harvest?

Different varieties of pomegranates begin to be ready beginning in August through November. 

  • Learn when the typical time and color of ripeness is for your type of tree. 
  • The color of the rind and arils are good indicators that pomegranates are ready to pick. 
  • As the pomegranate ripens it changes from being perfectly round to more hexagonal in shape as seeds swell. 
  • The stem and blossom ends of the fruit begin to flatten.
  • The fruit’s skin changes from a glossy sheen to more of a matte or rough finish.  
  • Ripe fruits easily twist off the stem. (it’s best to cut fruit off the tree)
  • Still not sure? Try one to see if it’s ripe. 
  • If fruit begins to split – it’s time to harvest!
  • Ripe fruits left on the tree will often fall – telling you it’s time to harvest!
  • Listen for a metallic sound when you tap the fruit to help determine readiness.
  • Once fruits ripen on tree, do not leave on the tree as they may begin to split.

What’s the best way to eat a pomegranate?

Here is my favorite method: 

To quickly harvest pomegranate seeds: cut the pomegranate in half, score each ridge on the outside rind, and hold it in your hand (peel side up) over a bowl of water. Hit the rind with a flat wooden spoon – the seeds should fall into the bowl and leave just a few seeds in the rind.


Looking for a great way to use your freshly harvested pomegranate arils? This Pomegranate Jalapeño Cream Cheese Dip is a family favorite.  


9. Why is my pomegranate fruit splitting?

  • Fruit that is left on the tree too long can begin to split. 
  • Splitting fruit can also be caused by fluctuations in soil moisture. Mulch pomegranate trees well to help keep soil evenly moist.
  • Water on nearly-ripe fruits can cause splitting. 

 


10. Why does my pomegranate fruit look rotten inside?

  • Pomegranates are susceptible to Alternaria fruit rot and Aspergillus fruit rot; both cause the fruit to rot as fungus can grow inside fruits after rainfall.
  • Leaf-footed bugs can carry a fungal yeast that may cause arils to darken and wither.
  • Be diligent about removal of old fruit, cracked fruit, and dead branches to reduce the incidence of the fungus.
  • Avoid overwatering and water stress which can cause cracked fruit and allow entrance for the disease.

11. What can I do about leaf-footed bugs on my pomegranate tree?

Leaf-footed bugs have piercing/sucking mouthparts that suck juices from ripe fruit. These pests can damage entire crops if not controlled. If they are a problem for your tree, the following tips may help:

  • Learn to identify all stages of leaf-footed bugs: eggs, nymph, and adult.
  • Examine plants early in the season and often (daily or several times a week) for all stages of the bug. Remove and destroy all forms of leaf-footed bugs. Early detection and elimination is key in controlling them.
  • For best results, look for the pests in the morning since the bugs are less likely to fly away.
  • Look for their rope-like eggs under leaves.
  • Neem oil or insecticidal soap can help, but only at the young nymph stage.
  • Remove overwintering locations for leaf-footed bugs such as woodpiles, weeds, debris, and hollowed out pomegranates left on the tree or on the ground.
    Leaf-footed bug eggs
    Leaf-footed bug nymph
    Adult leaf-footed bug


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home care, how to grow from seed, conditions, photo

Author: Elena N. https://floristics.info/ru/index.php?option=com_contact&view=contact&id=19 Category: Houseplants Reissued: Last edited:

Contents

  • Listen to article
  • Planting and caring for pomegranate
  • potted 0012
  • Types and varieties
  • Properties of grenade - harm and benefit
    • Useful properties
    • Contraindications
  • Comments
  • or Granites (Lat. Punic) is a genus of small trees and shrubs of the Derbennikov family, which was not so long ago called the Pomegranate family. The Latin name of the plant comes from the word Punic (or Carthaginian), since the pomegranate is widespread in the territory of modern Tunisia (in the distant past of Carthage). The Russian name of the tree comes from the Latin word granatus, which means "grainy" in translation. In the ancient world, the plant was called the granular apple, and in the Middle Ages it was called the seed apple.

    By the way, the Italians still believe that it was the pomegranate that was the apple that tempted Eve. Today, the pomegranate is found wild in Southern Europe and Western Asia. In culture, only one species of the genus is grown - ordinary pomegranate.

    Pomegranate fruits are not only tasty, but also useful, and it is not surprising that many plant lovers, unable to grow a pomegranate tree in the garden, grow it on their windowsill literally from a pomegranate seed - this is how botanists call the fruits of this southern plant. In this article, we will tell you how to grow a pomegranate from a seed, how to care for a pomegranate at home, how to water a pomegranate, how to transplant a pomegranate, how to plant a home pomegranate, why pomegranate leaves turn yellow, why pomegranates fall, what are the harm and benefits of pomegranate , as well as answer other questions that you ask in letters.

    Listen to article

    Planting and caring for pomegranate

    • Flowering: three years after planting.
    • Lighting: bright ambient light.
    • Temperature: during active growth - 18-25 ˚C, during dormancy - 12-15 ˚C.
    • Watering: during the growing season - often and plentifully, but during flowering, watering is reduced. In winter, watering is infrequent.
    • Humidity: in the heat, evening spraying of leaves with warm water is recommended.
    • Top dressing: from spring to autumn twice a month with mineral complexes for houseplants with low nitrogen content. In winter, the plant is not fed.
    • Dormant period: from late autumn to February. A plant in need of rest begins to shed its leaves.
    • Transplantation: young plants are transplanted annually, and those who have reached the age of three, only when the roots fill the earthen ball.
    • Pruning: in February to stimulate branching and shape the crown.
    • Propagation: cuttings, grafting and seeds.
    • Pests: is attacked by mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects, aphids, codling moths and whiteflies.
    • Diseases: branch cancer, root rot.

    Read more about pomegranate cultivation below

    Botanical description

    The pomegranate plant is a deciduous long-liver from the subtropics up to 5-6 m in nature and rarely more than two meters in room conditions. The branches of the pomegranate are prickly and thin. Oval and glossy light green pomegranate leaves reach a length of 3 cm. Pomegranate flowering begins at the very end of spring and lasts all summer. Red-orange pomegranate flowers are of two types: a bisexual and pitcher-shaped pomegranate flower sets a fruit, and numerous bell-shaped flowers are barren.

    The globular pomegranate is a large berry with a leathery pericarp and can be up to 18 cm in diameter. In a berry, divided into 6-12 chambers or nests arranged in two tiers, pomegranate seeds are enclosed in an amount of up to 1200 or more pieces. Each seed is surrounded by a juicy cover. Pomegranate usually begins to bear fruit at the age of three. Full fruiting lasts from 7 to 40 years.

    Indoor pomegranate today is as popular as indoor lemon, coffee tree, orange, mango, date palm and other exotic species that cannot be grown in gardens due to the inconsistency of our climate with the conditions familiar to tropical and subtropical fruit trees. But growing homemade pomegranate is an occupation for passionate people, and you must understand that your efforts may not bring the expected result. Pomegranate from the stone at home is a very real goal, but it can be realized only if the optimal conditions for the plant and timely and proper care are observed.

    Indoor pomegranate from stone

    Growing conditions

    How to grow pomegranate from stone? Fresh, ripe, healthy and beautiful pomegranate seeds can be used as seed. You should be aware that pomegranates sold in stores and markets are hybrids, so the fruits of homemade pomegranate grown from their seeds will not retain the taste of the parent variety, although the decorativeness of the plant may be beyond praise.

    Best of all, if you get a ripe and tasty fruit of a room pomegranate. Bones are removed from the fruit and cleaned of pulp. Seeds should be creamy in color and feel firm to the touch - soft and greenish seeds are unsuitable for growing. Soak the seeds for 12 hours in water with the addition of two to three drops of Zircon or Epin to stimulate the germination process. The solution should not completely cover the seeds - they, in addition to moisture, need oxygen.

    How to plant a pomegranate

    Pomegranate cultivation is carried out in a loose substrate consisting of fertile soil, peat and sand. For this purpose, you can purchase a universal soil for flower plants in the store - pomegranate is unpretentious to the composition of the soil.

    • Hydrangea paniculata: care

    Prepared and dried pomegranate seeds are buried in the substrate by 1-1.5 cm, lightly watered, cover the container with polyethylene or glass and placed in a place well-lit by the sun. If the pomegranate is planted at the end of winter or the beginning of spring, then in a couple of weeks shoots can be expected, and seeds planted at other times of the year can sit in the ground for several months.

    How to care for a seedling

    Growing a pomegranate at home requires creating optimal comfort for it. The conditions for growing pomegranate include maintaining a room temperature within 25 ºC, regular ventilation and spraying the substrate with warm water.

    When the seedlings have their first true leaves, plant the seedlings, shortening the root by a third, into small separate pots with nutrient soil and a drainage layer under it. Place the pomegranate on the lightest window sill - it needs to be in direct sunlight for at least 2 hours a day. For sprouts that have sprouted in winter, you will have to arrange additional lighting.

    After the seedlings have three pairs of leaves, pinch them to stimulate the growth of the pomegranate with two heads. When three pairs of leaves form on each shoot, pinch them too so that the pomegranate grows into a lush tree.

    Keep the room where the young pomegranate grows at 20 ºC with regular ventilation. In summer, homemade pomegranate is better to take out to the balcony or terrace, as the plant loves fresh air and sunlight very much. Ten months after germination, you can see pomegranate blossoms.

    In autumn the tree will shed its leaves and enter a dormant state. You can, of course, make it grow in winter, but the tree quickly gets tired and exhausted from this - everyone needs rest, and pomegranate is no exception. Transfer the indoor pomegranate to a room with a temperature of 10-12 ºC, stop feeding, reduce watering to the required minimum and let the plant rest for a month or two. After a dormant period, leaves will appear on the pomegranate again, and it will become more beautiful than before.

    Pomegranate pot care

    Watering

    Water the pomegranate seedlings under the root so that water does not get on the leaves - for this it is better to use a watering can with a narrow spout. The substrate in the pot should be barely damp at all times. During pomegranate flowering, watering is reduced, but it is impossible to allow the soil to dry out in a pot. Water for irrigation should be non-cold - 1-2 degrees warmer than the air in the room, and settled for at least a day.

    • Plant lighting in winter

    Reduced watering can be compensated by spraying the leaves of the plant with non-cold boiled water.

    During the dormant period, watering of the plants is significantly reduced.

    Fertilizer

    In the seedling period, to stimulate the development of seedlings, you can dilute half a spoonful of wood ash in half a liter of water and water the plant with this nutrient solution. From spring to autumn, the pomegranate tree is fertilized every two weeks with an all-purpose liquid houseplant fertilizer.

    If you are growing pomegranates for their fruits, which are going to be eaten, then it is better to fertilize not with mineral fertilizers that contain too much nitrates, but with organic fertilizers - slurry or a solution of chicken manure. But keep in mind: if the pomegranate is overfed with nitrogen, it will not bloom, which means it will not produce fruit either.

    Transplanting

    Pomegranates should grow in a cramped pot at room conditions - the larger the container in which it grows, the more it forms sterile bell-shaped flowers. The first time the pomegranate is transplanted after a year. In the future, transplantation is carried out no earlier than the pomegranate root fills the entire pot. Each subsequent container should be 2-3 cm larger than the previous one in diameter. When the grenade is 4 years old, it is no longer transplanted, but the top layer of the substrate in the pot is replaced annually.

    Pruning

    Form a pomegranate in the form of a bush with 3-4 skeletal branches or a tree with a low trunk and 4-5 skeletal branches. In the future, on each skeletal branch, 4-5 branches of the second order are laid, on which branches of the third order can subsequently be formed. Excess and fatty shoots are cut out, as well as root shoots. With age, old branches that will no longer produce a crop are cut out. Pomegranate bears fruit on the shoots of the current year.

    Pests and diseases

    Home pomegranate, like any indoor plant, can be affected by pests - mealybugs, spider mites, scale insects, aphids, codling moths and whiteflies. Diseases of domestic pomegranates are root cancer, phomopsis, or branch cancer, gray mold and leaf spots.

    • How to grow indoor flower from seeds

    Aphids are destroyed by a two-day infusion of 40 g of tobacco in 1 liter of hot water, which, after infusion, is diluted with water 1:2 and 4 g of grated laundry soap is added to it.

    Whiteflies, spider mites and scale insects die after treating pomegranate with infusion of garlic or onion: 20 g of husk is poured into a liter of water, infused for 5 days and filtered.

    The only way to get rid of the codling moth is to collect the fallen fruit affected by the pest and remove diseased pomegranates from the tree that have not yet fallen. Chemical means can also be used to control pests: mealybugs are disposed of by triple treatment of pomegranate with an interval of 5-6 days with Confidor, Mospilan or Aktara, spider mites - with Aktellik or Fitoverm acaricides.

    Cancer of roots, like cancer of branches, is manifested by cracking of the bark and the formation of wounds with spongy swellings, drying of shoots, branches, and in case of severe damage, the whole tree. At the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to clean the wounds to healthy tissue, treat them with a solution of copper sulfate and cover them with garden pitch. If there are many such areas, cut down the tree to a stump - perhaps this way you will be able to save it. Most often, the disease occurs due to mechanical damage to the bark and wood of the pomegranate.

    Pomegranate turns yellow

    Readers often ask why the pomegranate turns yellow. If you have not found pests on the pomegranate tree, in particular, spider mites, then it may be suffering from too high air temperatures. The pomegranate also turns yellow in case of a lack of water in the soil, however, yellowing in this case is accompanied by the appearance of dark spots on the leaves.

    Pomegranate falling off

    If the leaves of a pomegranate fall off, this may be a consequence of their yellowing, and the reasons for this phenomenon are the same as for the sudden yellowness of the leaves - spider mites or other pests, diseases, too high air temperature or insufficient watering . Leaf fall begins and for a natural reason - the pomegranate is a deciduous tree, therefore, both in room culture and in nature, pomegranates fall at the end of the growing season, when they are preparing for wintering.

    The pomegranate is drying up

    The pomegranate leaves are drying up due to insufficient air humidity or due to problems with the roots that have arisen because you have repeatedly violated the watering regime. Smell the soil in which the pomegranate grows, and if it smells strongly of mold, immediately transplant the plant into a new substrate, inspecting its roots and removing rotted areas if necessary. Wounds on the roots are treated with crushed coal.

    Pomegranate reproduction

    Propagation methods

    Indoor pomegranate is propagated by seed, as well as vegetatively - by grafting and cuttings. We have already written that a pomegranate grown from a seed does not always retain the varietal characteristics of the parent tree, but a varietal cutting can be grafted onto these seedlings. Pomegranates grown from cuttings and layering retain the characteristics of the mother plant completely.

    Pomegranate cuttings

    For cuttings, cuttings are harvested from the growth of the current year, about 10 cm long. Cuttings can also be cut from basal shoots. First, the cuttings are placed for 6 hours with the lower cut in a solution of a root formation stimulator, then they are washed under running water and planted in a substrate consisting of peat and sand in equal proportions, deepening the lower cut by 2-3 cm, and the cuttings are covered to create a greenhouse effect with a transparent dome or plastic bottles with a cut-off neck.

    Keep the cuttings on a bright windowsill. When they give roots, and this can happen in 6-10 weeks, they can be planted in separate pots with soil for citrus plants or with a mixture of sand, humus, sod and leafy soil in a ratio of 1: 1: 2: 2. If you provide good care for a pomegranate from a cutting, it can bloom as early as the second or third year after planting. It is also possible to propagate the pomegranate with lignified cuttings, but they take root even longer, and many of them die.

    Pomegranate grafting

    Pomegranate can be propagated at home by grafting. To obtain a varietal plant, a varietal cutting is grafted onto a pomegranate rootstock grown from a seed. Only a fruit-bearing pomegranate can give the cutting necessary for grafting. Grafting is carried out in different ways - it all depends on the thickness of the stock and the graft. Currently, more than 150 types of vaccination have been developed, and which one to choose, you will have to decide for yourself.

    The simplest, and therefore the most common, vaccinations are simple copulation, tongue copulation (English), behind the bark, in a split, in the butt and in the side cut. If the vaccination was successful, pomegranate flowering occurs in 3-4 years.

    Types and varieties

    Only two types of pomegranate are known - common pomegranate (Punica granatum) and Socotra pomegranate (Punica protopunica), which is endemic to the Yemeni island of Socotra. The flowers of the Socotrans pomegranate are not crimson, but pink, and the fruits are not as large and sweet as those of the common pomegranate. You could read the description of the common pomegranate at the beginning of the article.

    The dwarf pomegranate, which has a hybrid origin, is singled out as a separate species Punica nana due to its popularity, because it is most often grown in room culture, including in the form of bonsai. The species is characterized by low growth - no more than 1 m - and early fruiting. Plants bloom already for 3-4 months, and two-year-old trees form about a dozen medium-sized fruits up to 5 cm in diameter. The nana pomegranate's resistance to dry air makes it an ideal plant for growing indoors. This species, unlike common pomegranate varieties, almost does not shed its leaves for the winter.

    More than 500 pomegranate varieties have been bred by breeders, many of which can be grown indoors. For example:

    • Uzbekistan – in room conditions this variety of pomegranate grows up to 2 m. Its fruits are spherical, bright red in color, weighing up to 120 g, the skin is thin, sweet and sour grains of wine burgundy color;
    • Baby is a plant only up to half a meter high with single or clustered flowers of 5-7 pieces and yellow-brown fruits with a red blush, 5-7 cm in diameter, ripening by mid-winter. Plants of this variety require artificial pollination;
    • Carthage - pomegranate, blooming from May to August with red flowers up to 4 cm in diameter and juicy, tasty, slightly sour fruits;
    • Shahnar - a variety of Azerbaijani selection with round or pear-shaped red fruits in a skin of medium thickness and with small grains of a pleasant sour-sweet taste;
    • Ruby - trees of this variety grow up to 70 cm in height. They differ from plants of other varieties in brighter ruby ​​flowers. Fruits with good care reach a mass of 100 g and 6-8 cm in diameter.

    Varieties Kzyl-anar, Vanderful, Ulfi, Lod-Zhuar, Ak-Don, Guleisha red and pink, Purple, Salavatsky and others are also common in horticultural crops. If you want to have a pomegranate at home, you can grow any, even a vigorous variety of common pomegranate - at home it is unlikely to grow above 2 m anyway. healthy fruits. Its fruits contain vitamins P, C, B12, B6, fiber, sodium, iodine, phosphorus, iron, potassium, manganese, calcium and magnesium. Pomegranate juice contains sugars - fructose and glucose, malic, tartaric, citric, oxalic, succinic, boric and other organic acids, sulfate and chloride salts, phytoncides, tannin, tannins and nitrogenous substances.

    Presence in the fruits of all these substances necessary for the human body determines the beneficial properties of the pomegranate. It quenches thirst, improves hematopoiesis, promoting the production of hemoglobin and the formation of red blood cells in the blood, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, the nervous system and immunity. An infusion of pomegranate fruits and flowers is one of the oldest hemostatic agents. For the elderly, pomegranate is recommended for recuperation after surgical operations.

    Pomegranate is rich in vitamin K, essential for the metabolism of connective tissues and bones, and in particular for the absorption of calcium. Pomegranate slows down the development of osteoarthritis, relieving inflammation and swelling of cartilage tissues.

    Pomegranate juice, which contributes, among other things, to the normalization of blood pressure, is indicated as a hematopoietic agent in diseases of the heart, circulatory organs, kidneys, lungs and liver, and the estrogens contained in the pomegranate alleviate the symptoms of menopause and help fight depression.

    Pomegranate is an essential product for vegetarians, since its juice contains 15 amino acids, almost half of which is found mainly in meat products. Thus, one who deliberately refused animal food by eating pomegranate may not feel a lack of animal proteins. Pomegranate juice has a diuretic and choleretic effect, as well as analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects.

    The benefit of pomegranate is also that it is an excellent remedy for scurvy, uric acid diathesis, atherosclerosis, headaches and gastrointestinal disorders. People who have undergone irradiation, live in a zone of increased radiation and work with radioactive isotopes, are strongly advised to consume pomegranate juice. It is also indicated for anemia, hypertension, malaria, bronchial asthma and diabetes.

    Alkaloid-containing pomegranate peel has a strong antihelminthic property. A decoction of it is also used for inflammation of the liver and kidneys, joints and eyes. It also helps as a gargle for an inflamed throat, and for intestinal disorders. And lightly toasted with olive or butter, pomegranate peel powder is used as a mask for oily facial skin, as well as for the treatment of burns, cracks and abrasions.

    Pomegranate seeds are an effective remedy for increasing intestinal motility and a source of the most valuable pomegranate oil, which, due to the high content of fat-soluble vitamins E and F, promotes the speedy healing of wounds, regeneration of epidermal cells, rejuvenates and protects the human body from cancer. And pomegranate extract restores the skin after too long exposure to the sun.

    The white films separating the chambers with the seeds inside the pomegranate fruit are dried and added to tea because they have the ability to balance the state of the nervous system, relieve excitement, anxiety and relieve insomnia.

    In traditional medicine, decoctions and tinctures are made from pomegranate fruits, flowers, peel, bark and seeds to treat anemia, stomatitis, diarrhea, burns, conjunctivitis and other diseases.

    Contraindications

    Acid-rich pomegranate juice is contraindicated in gastritis with high acidity, peptic ulcer of the stomach and duodenum. If necessary, it is strongly diluted with water. For the same reason, the harm of a pomegranate can be manifested by erosion of tooth enamel, therefore, after drinking a pomegranate or juice from it, it is necessary to brush your teeth and rinse your mouth thoroughly with water. The fixative property of the pomegranate can cause constipation in people with digestive problems, and the toxic substances contained in the peel, in case of an overdose of the decoction, can cause a strong increase in blood pressure, weakness, dizziness, convulsions, a sharp deterioration in vision and irritation of the mucous membrane, therefore, before applying decoctions, be sure to consult your doctor.

    Literature

    1. Read related topics on Wikipedia
    2. Peculiarities and other plants of the Loosefly family
    3. List of all species on The Plant List
    4. More information on World Flora Online


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    home care and cultivation

    Growing a pomegranate tree at home is easy. It is enough to choose the right planting material, fertilize the soil and plant the plant. The culture differs from others similar in its special resistance to pests and ease of care. It is because of these qualities that many growers grow it in small areas. Abundant, bright and unusual fruits attract the eye. Subject to certain rules, regular feeding and watering, pomegranates will please the owner with a good harvest.

    Content

    1. Characterization of pomegranate wood
    2. Description of the variety dwarf grenades and nana
    3. Alba Pleno and Baby
    4. Ahmar and Dkholka
    5. How to plant a plant
    6. Fertilizer
    7. Farm Fertris 2, Fertilizer Granate Granate Granate Granate. Transplanting a plant
    8. Potential growing difficulties
    9. Powdery mildew
    10. Branch cancer
    11. Leaf spot
    12. Pomegranate pests

    Characteristics of the pomegranate tree

    Growing exotics at home is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. If you follow step by step all the tips and instructions for planting seeds, special care in the spring during the period of active growth and in winter, when the culture fades, then you can grow a ripe fruit at home.

    The growth and development of such a culture in the natural environment is different. In the wild, plantings can take the form of a tree or shrub on their own. The very word "pomegranate" when translated means fine-grained. Despite the large and strong fruit, it has a pulp consisting of small grains. The plant requires simple care, it adapts to almost any climate (including microclimate). This explains the possibility of its growth on the slopes of mountains, rocks.

    Variety description Dwarf pomegranate and Nana

    The growth rate, shape, shade, richness of the taste of the fruit completely depend on the type chosen for planting in the open field at their summer cottage or at home. Usually the height of the Carthage tree reaches 1 meter. Pomegranate flowers are especially beautiful, because in spring two types of inflorescences appear on one plant.

    On one of them, organs are formed that are involved in the sexual reproduction of all plant crops - pistil, stamens, on which ovaries then appear, then fruits similar to water lilies. The second type of flowers is shaped like bells, but they only attract the attention of pollinating insects - they do not bear fruit.

    The flowers are bright, saturated in color, but their size is small - 3 cm. It is this miniature feature that makes the plant suitable in size for any, even the smallest apartment. The scientific name of the ripe fruit is pomegranate, the diameter of which reaches 18 cm. It is painted with a pinkish or rich burgundy color, depending on the variety. The number of grains in one fruit is 1200, each of which is covered with a thin, elastic shell, and inside there is sweet and sour pulp, juicy, tart, unlike other crops.

    Variety Dwarf pomegranate is allowed to grow on the windowsill as a decorative ornament. After all, its flowers are distinguished by their unusual structure and beauty. But if a home gardener is focused on getting fruits, then with proper care, such a plant gives a tasty, sweet harvest that will delight all loved ones and surprise guests.

    Is it possible to grow an ornamental plant at home? Yes, a healthy and whole tree on the windowsill is a completely possible procedure. In addition, the culture does not require excessive care. It is required to allocate the minimum effort for labor, time, money costs.

    Instead, you can get tasty, juicy fruits that do not have store chemicals. Growing your own fruit-bearing tree at home is an exciting activity not only for children, but also for adults. Pomegranate is a beautiful shrub, so it is a pleasure to watch all stages of its development.

    It is impossible to place a full-fledged whole tree at home, so you need to opt for small varieties of pomegranates. One of the most common types is Nana. Flowering begins after reaching a height of 40 cm. The number of fruits reaches 10 pieces on one bush, but the diameter of the culture is only 6 cm.

    Alba captivity and Baby

    Plants of this variety are not able to bear fruit, so they are grown only for the sake of the beauty of the flowers. Their main difference is inflorescences with a terry texture of a beautiful pale cream shade in diameter up to 6 cm. The leaves of this variety are also unusual.

    They have large veins, dense in texture, slightly elongated, bright green. The main advantage is rapid growth, but this only happens when the plant has been planted in a wide area. If the pomegranate variety is planted in a small pot, then the growth rate slows down.

    These varieties are most common among those who like to grow a crop at home. One such tree grows from 40 cm to 1 meter in total height. The plants have an abundant number of flowers, but the fruits begin to grow after two years from the start of planting. But it is important for every home gardener to know that even with the flowering of several dozen flowers, only up to 4 ovaries are formed.

    If there are more ovaries, then they should be removed, since an excessive number of fruits draws all the forces out of the plant. The disadvantage is that in autumn they shed almost all of their foliage and require annual shearing. The culture is most susceptible to insects such as scale insects, spider mites, so regular inspection should be carried out.

    Ahmar and Dholka

    The following varieties of pomegranates are popular among home gardeners. The peculiarities of these varieties are that the fruits are unusually sweet, juicy, as evidenced by the whitish shade of the color of the grain.

    These varieties are suitable for growing at home, with high ceilings they can grow up to 4 meters. But not all growers need such a giant, so every autumn it is important to cut the top of the tree.

    How to plant a plant

    To plant a pomegranate, it is not necessary to buy ready-made seedlings. You can plant a tree yourself using seeds, store-bought shoots, or pits. It is best to perform the procedure in early April.

    It is carried out as follows:

    • Sprinkle the bottom of the box or pot with drainage. The next layer is river sand, where pomegranate seeds are inserted. Depth - 0.5 cm.
    • After planting, the soil must be thoroughly moistened, covered with a film / bag / glass to create the effect of a greenhouse. The first bores appear within 3-4 weeks. The difference between the first and last shoots is 2 weeks, so you need to wait.
    • The signal to transplant will be the appearance of 5 new leaves.

    It is important that they are healthy, without stains or damage. When transplanting into another, larger pot, it is required to organize the layering of the soil.

    All container filling must consist of:

    • drainage;
    • soil, to which you need to add two parts of soil intended for citrus plants, one part of sand and biohumus.

    The soil must be neutral. For growing a small plant, it is allowed to take seeds or its cuttings. If the choice fell on shoots, then each of them must be placed in sand thoroughly soaked with water, covered with a glass jar or plastic bag on top. Usually, the time for the appearance of the first buds is about a month after planting, and then they can be planted in pots.

    Throughout its life, the earth of the pomegranate must remain loose. Otherwise, the development of the root system will be stopped, the plant will die.

    How to accelerate the germination of roots, strengthening the plant? Carefully pour all the soil. But there is another way. Before planting, the cuttings are left in the growth stimulator for 6 hours. This will ensure rapid rooting, the supply of all nutrients, high-quality crop growth at the most important stage of life.

    The above method of growing from a seed or a cutting makes it possible to preserve the taste of the previous, i.e., mother tree, and other positive qualities that appear during the growth of the plant.

    Proper care of indoor tree

    To maintain an attractive appearance, juiciness, sweetness of fruits, the plant needs to create a suitable environment for life and properly care for it. Each period has its own rules, about which the gardener must be informed in detail.

    Spring-summer. It is during this period that the pomegranate needs more natural solar radiation, and not the light that comes from room lamps. Many take the plant to the balcony or loggia to ensure the flow of street air, sunlight. However, you need to be careful: too hot, bright sun will burn the foliage.

    It is important to know that before sunbathing, the crown should not be sprinkled with water, otherwise it will speed up burning. If dust has accumulated on the leaves, it must be removed. This will improve the passage of photosynthesis. It is advisable to put the plant on the southern, western, eastern window sills - they are most suitable for high-quality development.

    The optimal temperature for growing a grant tree is 20-25 degrees. If the room is hotter, it is worth increasing the amount of water, the frequency of watering. During these periods, it is important to remember to irrigate the soil and crown, such a procedure should be regular and plentiful. The most favorable effect on the plant will be settled, distilled water. Because the more impurities, the worse it is for the plant.

    In summer, you need to carefully monitor the quality of moisture, because in the summer months it is most important compared to other times of the year. Excessive dryness of the soil adversely affects the vital activity of the crop. The tree should be sprayed with extreme care, without flooding it. Excess moisture causes the fruit to crack.

    Pomegranate fertilizer

    In addition to earth irrigation, it is useful to treat a pomegranate tree with water at room temperature once every 2 weeks with the use of fertilizers. During the stage when the culture bears fruit, it is fed with special dressings containing a complex of essential micronutrients and minerals that positively affect both growth and the amount of vitamins in ripened fruits.

    Fertilizers must have phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen. Usually, top dressing occurs once every 14 days, but can be done once every 10 days - depending on age, living conditions. For pomegranates, Etisso fertilizer is most often used.

    It is important to know that this agent is divided into two types: for green and for plants during flowering periods.

    Autumn-winter. In autumn, the culture throws off the leaves, so within 2-3 months you need to reduce the amount of watering, put the pot with the plant in a dark, cool room. Before wintering, you need to feed the pomegranate with mullein infusion.

    The scheme is simple: 100 grams of cow manure is mixed in one liter of water. The wintering of the plant ends by mid-February, the pot must be placed again in a warm, bright room, increasing the frequency and amount of water poured out.

    Fruit pruning

    Varieties of small pomegranate trees tolerate this manipulation very well, so that everyone can shape the plant into whatever shape they want. The procedure is carried out either in early March or by the end of November-December. This is explained as follows: when the culture is in a calm state, it rests, the movement of juices is slowed down. This makes pruning less painful.

    For quality pruning, it is not necessary to involve professional gardeners. It is enough to follow the following rules:

    • At the first stage, it is important to cut off all dead branches. This will thin out the crown.
    • If a grenade had multiple barrels, only 5 should be left.
    • A large number of branches from the main stem should be cut, ie leave only a fluffy crown where the fruits will ripen. Unnecessary branches draw strength, hindering qualitative growth.

    Pomegranate wood is resistant to dry air. However, in this situation, the soil of the pot must be kept moist.

    Plant transplant

    Pomegranates should be transplanted annually, especially after five years from planting. Further periods of growth will be most active. Each year, the volume of the pot should increase by at least 100 milliliters, its shape should be elongated.

    When the tree grows to an impressive size, transplanting will be difficult. Only the surface layer of the earth can be replaced.

    Possible growing difficulties

    Despite its unpretentiousness, pomegranate is very susceptible to the attack of diseases, pests, which must be immediately eliminated. The most common are the following diseases.

    Powdery mildew

    It is a defeat of the leaves with a white coating, on top of which there are balls of dark brown color. The causative agent is fungi. The reason for the appearance is high humidity, lack of ventilation, a sharp temperature drop. Important is the infection by airborne droplets from other diseased cultures.

    If the plant is not yet severely damaged, the following solution will save it: soda ash (5 grams) is diluted in one liter of water. To achieve the best effect, it is allowed to add green soap. With a more serious infection, it is necessary to turn to such chemical preparations as Skor, Topaz, Hom.

    Green soap against pests: instructions for use.

    Cancer of branches

    Represents swellings at the edges of cracks in the bark. There are many reasons for the appearance, starting with ecology and ending with the age of the tree, but the main one is severe damage or hypothermia of the plant. The fight against this disease is difficult and long. The only effective way is to remove and trim the damaged branches. To do this, it is important to use a sharp tool. The cut site must be treated with an antiseptic solution, and a thin layer of garden pitch should be applied on top.

    Leaf spot

    It is easy to detect this disease: spots of yellow or brown color are formed on the crown. The reason is excessive watering of the plant. The first step is to reduce the moisture content of the culture. If the problem is not solved, then it needs to be transplanted to another land. When the roots begin to rot, the damaged parts should be removed, treated with charcoal, which is pre-ground.

    Pomegranate pests

    Aphids and whiteflies. These pests are easy to identify. The leaves become shiny, sticky, which complicates the processes of photosynthesis, weakens the whole tree. The insects eat the leaves. Aphid carriers are ants.

    If there are small numbers of insects, remove them yourself. For example, removing damaged leaves. Ripe butterflies can be sucked in with a vacuum cleaner, and larvae and aphids can be defeated by first spraying the crown with a solution of laundry or green soap.

    If the disease is too advanced, it is necessary to use specialized preparations, for example: Fitoverm, Karbofos, Spark. Before processing, it is important to cover the soil with plastic wrap to prevent the poison from entering the groundwater.

    The pomegranate tree is an unusual, exotic home plant that surprises every guest. But despite its exoticism, caring for it does not require a lot of money or time, which makes it an excellent window sill resident. The main thing is systematic watering, the required amount of moisture, fertilizer, sunlight, timely pruning once or twice a year.


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