How much water do banana trees need
How Much Water Do Banana Trees Need?
All types of banana trees need large quantities of water to grow properly. Indoor banana plants often need deep watering every single day. Outdoor banana plants need to be watered every 2-3 days. These herbaceous plants are very thirsty and thrive in soil that is consistently moist.
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How Much Water Do Banana Trees Need Per Day?
Banana trees need to be given plenty of water on a near-daily basis. Depending on the variety of banana, they should be watered until the soil is very moist every 1–3 days. Dwarf banana trees, indoor plants, and potted banana trees need daily watering. Mature banana plants and outdoor plants must be watered every 2–3 days.
- All banana cultivars need to be watered on a near-daily basis.
- Indoor banana plants and container plants need daily watering.
- Outdoor banana plants need watering every 2–3 days.
Water your banana tree as soon as the top half-inch (1 cm) of soil feels dry to the touch. Instead of considering inches of water per day, it’s helpful to dial in the proper amount of time spent soaking the ground. The quantity of water will be fairly large. You should also consider using liquid fertilizer and organic matter as mulch on the soil surface. These will help your banana plants retain adequate soil moisture during high daytime temperatures.
How Do You Water Banana Trees?
To water a banana plant, you need a soaker hose or watering can. Some banana growers also recommend drip irrigation to keep your bananas well watered. If using a hose, set the flow to a low setting and let the water trickle into the ground. You’ll want to let it run long enough to deeply moisten the surrounding soil without making it soggy. If water begins to pool, stop watering until the excess water drains away. If watering a potted banana plant, the soil should be thoroughly moist within 5 minutes.
- Use a soaker hose or watering can to water deeply but slowly.
- Stop watering once the water begins pooling on the surface of the soil.
- Drip irrigation is also an efficient way to maintain soil moisture.
If using a watering can, water as slowly as possible to allow time for the soil to absorb the water. It may take several watering cans to adequately water your banana plant. For this reason, a soaker hose is the better option for regular watering.
Do Banana Trees Like Wet or Dry Soil?
Banana plants prefer soil that is thoroughly moist. They react poorly to soil that is actively wet or dry. It’s best to grow your banana plants in a bit of shade. This helps to ensure adequate soil moisture retention during warm temperature weather with lots of sun.
- Bananas prefer their soil moist and kept consistently damp.
- Banana plants react very poorly to both dry and wet soil.
- Partial shade can help your banana tree’s soil remain moist.
Banana root systems are incredibly sensitive to overly wet soil. This means that in cooler climates with lots of rain, you want to be on the lookout for excess water. Too much water can seriously damage your banana cultivars.
Can You Overwater a Banana Tree?
Banana plants are easily overwatered, especially if you don’t have proper drainage. Sandy soil is especially important for ensuring the right drainage. Remember: the goal is to ensure consistently moist soil and avoid overly wet soil.
- You can overwater a banana tree—make sure to avoid soggy, waterlogged soil.
- Overwatered banana trees are prone to disease and root rot.
- Plant your banana plants in sandy soil to ensure good drainage.
Overwatered banana plants can experience banana root rot or another fungal disease. Over a long enough time period, this can result in your fruit tree dying. It’s important that when providing high amounts of water, you take care to ensure you don’t make the soil soggy.
How Do You Know If a Banana Tree Needs Water?
Banana plants almost always need water. You’ll have to water these plants so often that you’ll never need to wonder when they need more of it. However, here are some potential signs to be aware of when it comes to underwatered banana plants. If the tree isn’t receiving enough water, banana leaves will begin to droop or lose color. A lack of water leads to stunted growth and lower crop yield.
- Banana plants need to be watered whenever the top ½ inch of soil is dry.
- Underwatered banana plants begin to wilt and the leaves will yellow.
- Chronic lack of water results in smaller banana crops and slow tree growth.
The easiest way to tell that it’s time to water your plant is if the top half-inch (1 cm) of soil is dry to the touch. As long as you’re regularly touching the soil around your banana plant, you’ll easily be able to identify when it needs water.
Do Banana Trees Require Lots of Water?
Banana plant care requires regular watering to keep your plants healthy. Sweet bananas grow best in humid conditions with warm weather where the soil is kept consistently moist. Here are some key things to remember when it comes to watering banana cultivars:
- Banana plants need several inches of water every 1–3 days depending on the type.
- A potted banana plant or dwarf banana plant needs watering every day.
- Outdoor banana plants need watering every 2–3 days.
- Water your banana tree whenever the top ½ inch (1 cm) of soil is dry to the touch.
- Be sure to water slowly but deeply using a hose or drip irrigation.
- Banana plants prefer moist soil and suffer in soil that is too wet or too dry.
Bananas may require a lot of irrigation but they are amazing plants to grow. With the right humid conditions, banana cultivars can give you years of sweet fruit. So, go out and try raising these tropical plants today.
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| INTRODUCTION |
LOCATION AND PLANTING
CARE AND FROST PROTECTION
SUN AND HEAT
Bananas are fast-growing herbaceous perennials arising from underground rhizomes. The fleshy stalks or pseudostems formed by upright concentric layers of leaf sheaths constitute the functional trunks. The true stem begins as an underground corm which grows upwards, pushing its way out through the center of the stalk 10-15 months after planting, eventually producing the terminal inflorescence which will later bear the fruit. Each stalk produces one huge flower cluster and then dies. New stalks then grow from the rhizome. Banana plants are extremely decorative, ranking next to palm trees for the tropical feeling they lend to the landscape.
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LOCATION AND PLANTING
Bananas love sun and heat so pick a sunny location where they will receive light most of the day. Fruiting bananan plants will stop growing if in a mostly shady location; as well shady locations tend to stay wet longer especially in the winter when it is important to reduce watering as it may lead to root rot. Dig a hole twice as wide as the container and about 1 1/2 times as deep. At the bottom of the hole add about 2-4 inches of steer manure and then cover with soil mix to bring the depth to a level that will accommodate the plant. Bananas like well draining organic soil that is rocky and has lava sand, much like you would find in Hawaii. I have had best results with cactus mix soils and the best product has been Organo Patio Mix. It contains lava rock, lava sand amongst other beneficial items. Next cut the bottom of the container and set the plant in the hole, it should be about 2 inches above soil level to accommodate for settling. Next cut away the sides of the container and refill the hole with a mix of 2/3 soil mix and 1/3 native soil and water well. Use the remaining soil to build a berm around the plant.
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Bananas need regualr watering to sustain the large tropical leaves and produce sweet tasty fruit. You should expect to water slowly and deeply every 2 or 3 days during the warmer months. A test when to water is when the top 1/2-1 inch of soil is dry. If you planted in a shady spot or one that tends to stay wet for some other reason you may have water less. Bananas are suspectable to root rot and don't like continually wet soil or standing water, though this should only be a concern during the winter as during the midst of summer it is important that you water and don't be afraid to do so as the result would be equally as bad. Banana plants stop growing during the cooler months when temperatures stay below 50's so wont need much water. Don't take this to mean that you let the plant just dry out, it just means that between watering every couple of weeks and our normal winter rains your plant should survive just fine.
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CARE AND FROST PROTECTION
If you were careful not to over water during the winter your banana plant should be able to survive our desert frost and occasional freezes with little or no permanent damage. I carried 9 different varieties of bananas plants with out protection during the unusually cold winter nights of Jan. 2007 and all survived, one even fruited during this period. Banana leaves will burn at the slightest frost and though they might look dead to you they should be just fine. At this point just let the dead leaves hang on the plant to provide added protection to the stocks and as soon as it warms back up and you start to see a new leaf emerge then cut off all the dead leaves. The fruit is not so hardy so if your plant was carrying fruit during a frost or freeze it is most likely lost. Though banana plants basically stop growing once night time temperatures stay in the 50's f it is still possible to carry fruit though this time provided that you cover the fruit and add a heat source on very cold nights. In a few weeks once warmer temperatures return hopefully the fruit will continue to ripen and you will be rewarded for your efforts. In the rare event that the stock does not survive, do not dig up the whole plant, just cut the stock at ground level and wait for warmer weather. In all likely hood you should see a new leaf eventually emerge and/or one or more pups from the mat. I had a friend who was out of town during the freeze and his father who thought the plants were dead cut them down and drove over the area with a aerator and his plants still came back.
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Banana plants are heavy feeders and would benefit greatly from regular feeding all during the growing season. Best would be to apply a small amount of a balanced fertilizer containing all the secondary and micro nutrients every time you water, next best would be to give a full dose of fertilizer once a month. When the flower is produced I recommend cutting back on nitrogen (N) if you are using a chemical fertilizer as it can turn the fruit black, but continuing to feed with a product that still contains a good amount of pottasium (K). Organic fertilizer are less of a concern and a search on the internet will lead to many suggestions. Also there are a number of products in the stores that work well, from bat guano, fish emulsion to liquid sea weed, just make sure if you are growing your banana plants for fruit that you feed them regulary in order for the plant to produce the maximum size and number of fruit the plant is capable of.
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As mentioned in the location and planting paragraph, banana plants like well draining soil with lots of organic matter. Do not use potting soil as this contains a great deal of peat which tends to stay too wet and subject your plant to root rot. Strange as it may seem to you the best product to use believe it or not is cactus/palm mix. True a banana plant is not a cactus however both like sandy, rocky, organic soil that drains very well, the difference is you are going to water a banana plant far more than you are a cactus. Around town the best product I have found is with a good mix of lava sand, lava rock, blood meal, organic matter and other good stuff is ORGANO PATIO MIX FOR PALMS AND CACTUS, packaged locally by GroWell Industries. You should be able to find this or similar in most garden centers. You can grow your plant in a 100 percent medium such as this or at a ratio of 2/3 soil mix to 1/3 native soil. Last you should mulch with a good brand of compost to a depth of 2-4 inches around your plant. This will act as slow release fertilizer as it decomposes but also help in soil evaporation.
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Though the banana plant can with stand a good deal of wind and it is unlikely that it would be toppled, summer monsoons can mean trouble when they are carrying a large head of fruit. Depending on when the plant produces its fruit stock it may be necessary to support the fruit stock with two poles during spring winds or summer monsoons to prevent it from snapping off in a high wind.
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SUN AND HEAT
Though not nessasary, as with most non native plants they would appreciate an afternoon break from the suns most intense rays during summer months, especially if carring fruit. The banana fruit is sensitive to sunburn, so in the case that the fruit is produced on the west side of the plant you would benefit by draping it with shade cloth or other light weight material.
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Banana tree - features of care, use in the interior, interesting facts
Banana tree is one of the exotic indoor plants that immediately attract attention. The plant has a very unusual appearance, indoors it can bloom and bear fruit. Many common misconceptions and interesting facts are associated with indoor bananas.
Banana tree - description
Sweet yellow bananas have long ceased to be exotic on store shelves and are evaluated by compatriots as a familiar and affordable fruit. It is not so easy to meet a banana tree in houses and apartments of temperate latitudes, although it is quite suitable for pot growing. According to the international classification, this plant belongs to herbs, and not to trees at all. After bamboo, it is the tallest grass in the world. Another surprise is that the banana fruit is not a fruit at all, but a berry, according to botanists. Homeland are places with a tropical and subtropical climate.
The height of a banana tree in nature can reach 12 m, while indoor specimens do not exceed 2.5 m. Scientists count about 60 varieties of banana grass, which can be conditionally divided into:
- Decorative. They have an attractive appearance, bloom beautifully and form small fruits that are not suitable for food. The most popular variety is considered to be musa ensete (indoor banana), which is distinguished by huge decorative leaves of a beautiful color.
- Fruits that produce berries and can be eaten.
What does a banana tree look like?
The plant really has a resemblance to a tree or a palm tree. Banana grass does not have a true stem. It is imitated by long leaves that are intertwined with each other, gradually thickening and changing color, more and more resembling a stem. In botany, such a formation is called a pseudostem. A home-grown banana tree is not much different from its wild counterpart:
- Long and wide leaf blades at the base tightly adjoin each other, forming a pseudostem.
- The height of indoor varieties fluctuates around 2.5 m. The dwarf banana tree is more adapted to city apartments and rarely grows above 1.5 m.
- The real stem is underground and at the same time performs the function of a rhizome.
- The root system is massive, spherical.
- Long peduncles with beautiful inflorescences are formed from the center of the pseudostem.
- After the formation of fruits, the peduncles die off.
How does a banana tree bloom?
After planting, indoor banana tree begins to bloom after 10-12 months. A long peduncle is formed from a special bud, on which small female, bisexual and male flowers of yellow or pale green color are arranged in a special order. The complex inflorescence is covered on the outside with dense dark purple leaves. In nature, insects and small mammals like bats pollinate the plant. After pollination, male flowers fall off, and only female flowers form fruits.
How many times does a banana tree bear fruit?
Every year, the indoor banana and its natural variety bear fruit only once. After that, the aerial part of the shoot dies off. After a while, new leaves begin to develop from the rhizome, which will form a pseudostem. The vegetative process begins to repeat itself again. A banana tree, depending on the conditions of detention, can develop up to 40 years. Scientists have found wild counterparts about a century old. However, on banana plantations, renewal is carried out every 10-15 years for better fruiting.
How to grow a banana tree from a banana?
Some flower growers claim that fruit varieties of bananas are sterile and propagate vegetatively, so it is useless to look for banana tree seeds in purchased fruits. Others show good results of seed cultivation. In order to get a houseplant from a purchased fruit, you need:
- Select a healthy yellow banana and place it in a plastic bag.
- After the skin has completely darkened, peel the fruit and cut it lengthwise.
- Seeds will be distributed along the entire berry in the form of small dark dense formations. If not, then you will have to buy a new planting material.
- The banana tree can only be grown from round seeds.
- Planting material is separated from the pulp and washed.
- The resulting seeds are soaked in warm water for 48-76 hours.
- Then they are dried and placed in a special germination substrate.
How to plant a banana tree?
Before planting a banana house tree, you need to know one thing. The thing is that the seed coat is very dense, therefore, for better germination, it must be slightly damaged with sandpaper or a sharp sewing needle. You should not be too zealous, so as not to spoil the core itself. The prepared planting material is placed in:
- an inert substrate of sphagnum moss or coconut fibres;
- mixtures of coarse river sand and peat in a ratio of 3:1.
Main stages of work:
- The prepared mixture is disinfected with steam and potassium permanganate solution.
- The usual drainage is lined at the bottom of the pot and a layer of substrate 5-6 cm high is laid.
- Each seed is pressed into the soil and watered abundantly.
- Banana tree plant will only grow in conditions close to tropical. To do this, be sure to cover the plantings with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.
- The first sprouts should be expected no earlier than in 2-3 months. after landing.
- When mold forms on the film due to high humidity, the surface must be treated with potassium permanganate.
How to grow a banana tree at home?
The very technology of how to grow a banana tree after seed germination includes several simple steps:
- Maintaining optimal air temperature. During the day it should be within +28...+30°C, and at night it should not fall below +22°C.
- Under all conditions, the first sprouts will appear after 60 days.
- The shoots are transplanted into a mixture of soddy soil with sand, humus and ash.
- At the bottom of the prepared pot, a drainage layer, river sand and ready-made soil mixture are lined.
- The shoot is buried in the ground by about 2 cm, sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly.
- Banana tree houseplant has an interesting feature. Its roots need oxygen, so small stones or mesh should be placed between the pot and the pan for better ventilation.
How long does a banana tree grow?
After each fruiting cycle, the banana tree plant sheds leaves and flower stalks with a bunch of fruits collected in a cluster. That is, every year in nature, this grass renews its ground part. The rhizome, under favorable conditions, has a long lifespan of at least 4-5 decades. Indoor varieties grow more modestly. The average age of an ornamental banana in a pot does not exceed 20 years.
Banana tree - home care
Sometimes even experienced flower growers do not have the necessary knowledge of how to grow a banana tree at home. A tropical plant is extremely whimsical to the conditions of detention. However, if you follow all the recommendations, you can get a large exotic with outstanding decorative qualities at home. The main requirements of a banana tree for the conditions of detention are:
- Lighting. The culture is very light-loving. It is better to place pots on the southern windows, and in winter and autumn, additionally illuminate with fluorescent lamps.
- Air temperature. It should simulate the climate of the tropics all year round, fluctuating within + 28 ° С. Some varieties are able to withstand short-term temperature drops to +16°C.
- Humidity. The plant should be sprayed every day or wiped with a damp cloth. To maintain optimal humidity, you can use a tray with wet pebbles. Banana grass loves regular warm showers.
- Watering should be plentiful. The topsoil is always best kept slightly moist. In autumn, the irrigation regime is adjusted depending on the temperature.
- Banana tree is fed regularly throughout the growing season with mineral fertilizers for tropical crops at least twice a month.
- Houseplant does not require pruning.
- As the root system grows, the culture must be transplanted into a larger pot.
Banana tree disease
The main diseases of the plant are associated with improper care:
- When waterlogged, gray rot may appear on the roots. The affected areas should be removed, and the banana tree home plant should be transplanted into new soil.
- Growth retardation may be due to lack of moisture and sunlight.
- The edges of the sheet plates dry out at low air humidity, especially near heaters.
- Spider mites, scale insects, thrips and aphids can attack banana trees. To combat them, it is worth spraying the plant and its neighbors with special insecticides, for example, Actellik or Fitoverm. Prevention of infection can be considered a regular warm shower.
Replanting a banana tree
An important step in the process of growing a banana tree is timely replanting. In a cramped pot, the culture stops growing and developing. Experts advise to carry out the procedure annually in early spring:
- The banana tree plant has a powerful and rapidly growing root system, which fills the entire space of the pot in a short time. The new planter should be 1-2 cm wider and deeper than the previous one.
- Drainage of crushed stone or expanded clay must be poured onto the bottom.
- A plant is placed on a thin layer of substrate by transshipment and sprinkled with the remnants of the soil mixture.
- It is better to deepen the root neck a little into the ground.
- After transplanting, the soil must be abundantly moistened.
Banana tree - reproduction by children
In addition to the seed method of cultivation, the homemade banana tree can also be divided vegetatively. Lateral processes, which are also called children, are separated from an adult plant during a spring transplant:
- Only sharp sterile instruments are used for the procedure.
- The young shoot, together with part of the rhizome, is cut from the mother plant.
- The cut must be treated with activated carbon.
- A new plant is planted in a small pot with a drainage layer and a substrate of a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions.
Banana tree in the interior
In the interior of a house, a banana tree always stands out for its size and interesting leaf shape. The plant is often used in the decoration of rooms with a large area. Since it is useful for this culture to spend the summer outside, it is great for country houses with their own yard or apartments with spacious balconies. Not only leaves are of decorative value, but also flowers and fruits, which can be of different shades from pale green to bright pink.
Banana tree - interesting facts
Many interesting facts are connected with the exotic plant, which not everyone knows about:
- Many fruits have a non-standard curved shape. They can be even and elongated, almost round or with slightly square edges.
- Often the name banana tree refers to a plant of the genus Asimina because of the similarity of the fruit.
- Bananas themselves are much tastier and healthier if they ripen in artificial conditions, plucked while still green.
- The most popular variety of banana tree is Cavendish, sterile. It will not be possible to get a new plant from the seeds of the fetus.
planting and care at home, growing from seed
Herbaceous fruit plant house banana (Musa) is part of the Banana family. In nature, it can be found in Australia, Ecuador and Mexico, and it prefers to grow in regions with a tropical climate.
The same banana comes from the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia. If the bush grows in the most favorable conditions, then it can reach a height of about 10 meters. The fruits of this plant are classified as berries. In European countries, greenhouses are decorated with bananas, and they are also cultivated in greenhouses.
A flower grower can grow such an unusual plant for a room culture. With proper care during the year, it can add about 100 cm in growth. The life expectancy of a homemade banana is small - about 5 years, and the maximum height is about 200 cm. For the first time, the bush blooms no earlier than three years of age.
An inflorescence in the form of a cone is formed on the top of the trunk. When fruiting ends, the death of the stem is observed, which should be reanimated with shoots.
- 1 Brief description of growing
- 2 Banana care at home
- 2.1 Flowering
- 2.2 Temperature
- 2.3 Mummy of air
- 2.4 Poli
- 2.8 Fertilizer
- 2.9 Banana transplant
- 2.10 Pruning
- 2.11 Dormancy
- 2.12 Fruit growth
- 3 Propagation methods
- 3.1 Growing from seeds
- 3.2 Division of the bush
- 3.3 Reproduction with processes
- 4 possible problems
- 5 What are the houses
- 9001 5. 1 Fruit bananas (whose fruits can be eaten)
- 5.2 decorative and beautifully vested bananas
- 6 Benefits of banana
Brief description of cultivation
- Temperature . In the warm season - from 26 to 30 degrees, and in winter - from 18 to 21 degrees.
- Humidity . Must be increased (at least 65 percent). Frequent humidification from a sprayer or the use of a household humidifier is recommended.
- Lighting . Lots of bright light. Best suited windows southwest, south and southeast orientation.
- Watering . Moisten the soil mixture abundantly. In the warm season - 1 time in 2-3 days, and in winter - 1 time per week. Regular warm showers are required.
- Earth mix . You can purchase a special banana soil mixture, as well as cook it yourself by combining peat, sand, turf and leafy soil (1: 1: 1: 2).
- Fertilizer . In the spring-summer period, they are fed once a week, while alternately using organic matter and diluted universal mineral fertilizer. In the autumn-winter period, top dressing is not carried out.
- Transplant . Every year in the spring.
- Reproduction . Seed method, lateral processes and division of the bush.
- Care instructions for . The plant needs a regular supply of fresh air. In summer, in warm weather, it can be moved outside, while choosing a place for it that has reliable protection from drafts.
How to grow bananas at home. Exotic fruits at home - this is REALITY!
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Banana care at home
If you properly take care of your homemade banana and create favorable conditions for it, then there should be no problems growing it indoors.
The bush blooms only after 16 or 17 wide and large leaf plates are formed on it. As a rule, this happens after the plant is 3 years old. Banana blooms in mid-July. Its foliage at this time is collected at the top of the stem in the form of an umbrella.
After a heart-shaped leaf is formed at the very top, a large panicle-shaped inflorescence will appear from the central part of the rosette, which includes many small flowers of a pale green or cream color. As the flowers gradually bloom, the inflorescence increases in length and falls down; under natural conditions, its length can reach up to 150 cm. The bush can bloom for 6–12 weeks.
There are both heterosexual and bisexual flowers. If the female flowers are pollinated, then bean-shaped fruits will form instead of them, which are collected in a "banchu" (brush). After some time, the foliage drops down. And after a while they fly around.
Banana is a very thermophilic plant. Therefore, special attention should be paid to the temperature regime, which should be optimal throughout the year. In the warm season, the air temperature in the room can vary from 26 to 30 degrees, and in the winter months - from 18 to 21 degrees.
Since this is a tropical plant, it needs high humidity, which must be at least 65%. It is not easy to achieve such a level of humidity in room conditions, especially in winter, when the air is overdried by heating devices. In this regard, in the warm season, the bush is moistened from a sprayer regularly 3 or 4 times a day, and in winter this procedure is carried out 1 or 2 times a day. Also, a pot with a plant can be placed in a deep pan filled with wet expanded clay. And near the bush, you can put an open vessel with water, and if possible, it is recommended to use a household air humidifier.
A banana needs a lot of bright light. The more ultraviolet the bush receives, the better its growth and development will be. In this regard, experts recommend that it is imperative to choose the sunniest windows of a southern, southeastern or southwestern orientation for such a plant.
If the banana does not receive enough light, it will result in stunted growth, lack of flowering and fruiting. However, do not forget to shade the bush from the scorching rays of the sun on hot days, otherwise burns may appear on the foliage.
Homemade banana belongs to moisture-loving plants. Make sure that the soil mixture in the pot is slightly damp at all times. In the cold season, the bush is watered 1 time, and in the warm season - about three times a week. Water it with well-settled water, the temperature of which should be slightly higher than room temperature.
Instead of watering, the plant is sometimes given a warm shower, to which it responds very well. Leave the wet bush in the bathroom for a while so that all the water can drain from it.
Choosing a pot
Throughout the life of a banana, it will need to change the pot several times as it grows. In this case, the volume of the smallest pot should be 2 liters, and the largest - 50 liters. If the seedling you bought reaches a height of about 0.65 m, then you can choose a container with a volume of 20 liters for planting it.
It is not necessary to purchase an excessively large container for a banana, because moisture stagnation in the soil mixture can be observed in it, which leads to its acidification and the appearance of rot on the roots. However, remember that if the root system is cramped in a pot, this can lead to a deterioration in the development of the bush.
There must be holes in the bottom of the pot for drainage, which will help to avoid stagnation of liquid in the soil mixture. Also, do not forget, when planting or transplanting a banana, to lay drainage material on the bottom of the container, the thickness of which should be at least 1/3 of the height of the pot.
A fertile soil mixture is suitable for growing a home banana, which is well breathable and has a neutral acidity. Ready-made soil mix, designed specifically for growing bananas, can be bought at a specialty store.
If desired, the earth mixture can be prepared independently, it is enough to combine sand, peat, leafy and soddy soil (1:1:2:1). To increase the friability of the substrate, it is recommended to add coconut soil, sphagnum and vermiculite to it.
During the growing season, the bush must be fed systematically at intervals of 1 time in 7 days. Top dressing is carried out after watering, for this, universal mineral fertilizer and organic matter are used in turn, which should be diluted in water. After fertilizing, the bush is transferred to a shaded place for 24 hours.
The homemade banana is fast growing and needs to be repotted every year in the spring. While the plant is young, it needs to be transplanted once every six months. You will be able to understand that a bush needs to be transplanted by the following signs: the roots protrude on the surface of the soil mixture or stick out of the holes in the bottom of the pot.
The new container must be 30-40 mm larger than the old one. A rather thick drainage layer is made at its bottom, for this you can use expanded clay, pieces of brick or pebbles.
When transplanting a bush, be sure to deepen its base a little. This will provoke the growth of adventitious roots and increase yields. Remember that it is necessary to transplant a banana using the transshipment method, which will prevent injury to the roots. If the bush is old and very large, then it is not transplanted. Instead, he systematically replaces the top layer of the substrate with fresh soil mixture.
After transplanting or replacing the top layer of the substrate, the bush is watered with plenty of water and the pot is placed on a tray filled with wet claydite. Do not forget to put a few caps from plastic bottles under the bottom of the container. Thanks to this, air will freely flow to the root system of the plant. After two days, carefully loosen the surface of the substrate. And after 21 days, the first feeding of the banana should be carried out.
Planted banana transplant. How to separate shoots (babies) from a banana?
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Homemade banana does not need pruning. However, to rejuvenate the bush, the old plant is cut to the very root. After a while, young stems will appear.
This tropical plant does not have a dormant period. At any time of the year, the bush needs heat and high humidity. However, in the winter months, the banana is given time during which it can have a good rest: the temperature is reduced to 20 degrees, the frequency of watering is reduced, and fertilizer application is suspended.
If the homemade banana is in favorable conditions for it (high humidity, warmth and bright light), then it will be able to bear fruit. A bush grown from a shoot will be able to bear fruit in 1-2 years. A banana grown from seeds will begin to bear fruit in about the fourth year of growth. To stimulate the formation of fruits, the plant is fed in a timely manner.
Growing from seeds
Domestic banana seeds are covered with a very hard shell, so their germination is difficult. In order for sprouts to appear faster, seeds need scarification. To begin with, they are immersed in water and left for several days. After that, the durable shell is treated with sandpaper or a manicure file.
Sowing of seed material is carried out in a moistened substrate, and it needs to be deepened very little. From above, the container is covered with glass or film, after which it is placed in heat (about 30 degrees). The first seedlings will appear after about 10 weeks. Do not forget to systematically ventilate the crops and, if necessary, moisten. Seedlings that have grown stronger can be planted in a larger pot.
Planting banana seeds.
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Dividing the bush
Dividing the bush can be done during transplantation. To do this, a part with formed processes is separated from the adult rhizome with a knife. Treat the cut points with crushed charcoal, and plant the delenka in a separate pot.
Propagation by cuttings
Propagation by cuttings of such a plant is quite simple. To do this, a fragment that has several leaf plates should be carefully cut off from a fully formed rhizome. Sprinkle the cuts with charcoal powder. Plant the offspring in a pot.
The most popular indoor propagation methods for bananas are vegetative. The fact is that delenki and processes take root quite quickly and after 1-2 years they begin to bear fruit.
If the homemade banana is not properly cared for, a number of problems may arise:
- Stunting . Too dark and the roots are cramped in the container. You will need to transplant into a larger pot and transfer the bush to a more lit place.
- Leaf edges dry up . Excessively low humidity. Increase the amount of moisture, pour wet pebbles into the pan.
- Brownish black spots on foliage . The roots rotted from the stagnation of fluid in the substrate. Cut off the rotten roots, sprinkle the cuts with crushed charcoal and replace the substrate with a fresh one.
- Dark spots on the leaves of a young plant . This feature is manifested in some varieties of banana. After a while, the spots will disappear.
- Withering and death of the sprout . This is a completely natural process that occurs at the very end of fruiting.
- Slimy rot has appeared on the stem . Stagnation of moisture in the substrate or spraying the bush at a low air temperature in the room. Cut off the affected parts of the plant, treat with a fungicide, follow the correct watering regimen.
- Pests . Spider mites, scale insects and thrips can settle.
BANANA CARE AND ERRORS IN GROWING. EXOTIC ON THE WINDOWSILL.
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What bananas can be grown at home
Homemade banana is quite rare in indoor cultivation. Thanks to selection, varieties intended for growing indoors were born.
Bananas (the fruits of which can be eaten)
They are generally grown to produce a large number of fruits with a high taste profile. To obtain such varieties, 2 popular species were taken as a basis: Banana pointed and Banana Balbisa. Best varieties:
Cavendish super dwarf banana
The foliage of such a short plant is greenish and dense. The flowers are rich red. Gives a rich harvest.
Dwarf Cavendish Banana
Low yielding plant. Large wide leaves are painted in a rich green hue. The color of the flowers is burgundy.
Ornamental leafy and flowering bananas
These banana varieties are grown for showy large leaves and flowers. The fruits are not to be eaten. In their pulp there are many small hard seeds. Popular varieties:
Chinese Dwarf Banana, Golden Lotus (Musella lasiocarpa)
The bush has a height of about 1 m. It is decorated with large emerald leaves and a large inflorescence of a golden hue.
Blood banana (Musa sumatrana Zebrina)
Wide leaves are decorated with an unusual greenish-burgundy pattern. Small red fruits should not be eaten.
Velvet banana (Musa velutina)
Greenish oval leaf blades with a scarlet border. The flowers are relatively large, rich pink in color. Red fruits are conditionally edible.
Useful properties of banana
Homemade banana fruits are edible and very tasty. They can be eaten raw and also used to prepare various dishes. They contain such useful substances as: iron, calcium, potassium, phosphorus, organic acids, sucrose, as well as vitamins A, C, PP, E and B.