How much water do maple trees need


What You Should Know About Properly Caring For a Maple Tree

The maple tree is one of the most common trees in North America. Its leaf is even found on the Canadian flag. From the Sugar Maple, the sap of which is the ingredient of maple syrup, to the Red Maple, which is known for its colors in fall, the maple tree has adapted to thrive in almost any condition. In Oregon alone, the Bigleaf Maple is the fourth most common tree in the Willamette Valley, according to the U.S. Forest Service.

Even if you don’t have one in your yard, chances are that there is one nearby. If you do happen to have one, be it the Bigleaf variety, Red Maple, or even a Japanese Maple, it is important to know how to properly care for these trees.

Here are some tips to help you maintain your maple tree:

1. Planting

If you’ve decided to plant a maple tree, it is important to keep its soil quality in mind. Soil with a pH above 7.3 is not good for maple trees as these varietals require a more acidic environment. Instead, look for heavy nutrient-rich soil.

Before planting, you’ll want to dig a hole that is at least three feet deep, keeping in mind that its roots will need at least four feet to spread. Maple roots are strong and can lift paving and fences, so plant your tree away from these potential obstacles.

2. Pruning

Pruning is the act of removing dead or weakened branches from a plant and is very important with maple trees, especially young ones. Pruning will help your tree develop strong branches and keep it blooming year after year.

If you are pruning your own maple tree, remember the following:

    • Pruning is best done in late spring or summer after the tree has fully leafed
    • Prune away any dead, diseased, or weak branches first
    • Prune side branches, and make sure you leave only one leader
    • Do not prune too early as that will cause too much sap loss
    • Do not prune too late as that does not give the tree enough time to heal its wounds

If you are not familiar with tree pruning, it’s best to contact a professional tree service. Improper pruning can lead to diseased or poorly developed trees.

3. Watering

Maple trees require around 11 gallons of water a week to stay healthy. Keep an eye out for wilting or leaf scorch (leaves browning and/or curling up), as this is a sign of drought stress. If your maple is showing signs of wilting—it usually starts from the top of the tree and moves down—your best course of action is to begin watering immediately. Think about investing in a tree watering bag. This is great for saving time and water, and is best for trees 2 to 3 years old.

Make sure that the water is reaching at least 10 inches below the surface, properly hydrating the maple tree’s root system. Also be careful not to water too much or too often.

Adding mulch around the base is also useful in conserving water and regulating ground temperature for your tree. Leave at least four inches between the fertilizer and the base of the tree to prevent moisture from building up and causing problems for your tree.

4. Fertilizer & Improving Soil Quality

Fertilizing newly planted trees is also important unless you planted them when dormant. Contact your local arborists if you have questions about this process or need assistance caring for your new tree while it’s taking root.

Most maple trees will need fertilizer to maintain the proper soil for continued growth. Here are some things to keep in mind, if you decide to take this on yourself:

    • Never fertilize drought-stressed trees as chemical fertilizers will draw water out
    • Fertilizers that release too much nitrogen will cause too much upper-canopy growth that the roots will not be able to support
    • Do not fertilize in late fall or winter as the tree is going dormant

Another recommended way to improve the soil quality for your maple trees is by adding mycorrhizal fungi. That is a type of fungi that 99% of plants have evolved a symbiotic relationship with, including the maple tree. In exchange for sugars and simple carbohydrates, these fungi help expand the tree’s roots further into the soil, feeding it nutrients and moisture. This is often missing from urban soil where your tree may be planted.

5. Diseases

Maple trees are susceptible to a few diseases. Here are some common issues that plague maple trees in the Pacific Northwest.

Anthracnose: This is a fungal disease that will cause the leaves to brown and drop in mid to late summer. Signs of this are fungal spores on fallen leaves and twigs, as well as cankers. The best treatment is prompt removal of fallen leaves and twigs and pruning dead twigs and branches.

Tar Spot: This is another fungal disease that doesn’t kill the tree, but forms dark spots on the leaves. It is best treated by cleaning up fallen leaves in fall.

Verticillium Wilt: It usually appears on damaged or stressed trees and is caused by a soil fungus that causes the water-transporting cells of an infected tree to shut down. This manifests as browning and dying leaves. Treatment involves using low-nitrogen fertilizer, pruning dead or dying branches, and/or soil solarization.

If your maple tree is experiencing any of these problems, be it drought or an infection, contact your tree service.

Maple trees can grow to heights over 150 feet when properly cared for. If you provide them with the right soil quality, water amounts, and regular pruning, your maples will shower you with shade and beautiful colors each fall.

5 Tips for Caring for a Young Maple Tree

Adding a maple tree to your yard is a great choice. They are some of the most popular trees found in North America. In fact, three different species of maple trees are native to Oregon specifically. These three species are the big-leaf maple, vine maple, and Rocky Mountain maple. For more information on these three different species of trees or for more on maples in general, take a look at “Maples Trees 101: What You Need to Know Guide.

One thing we want to elaborate further on for you is how to properly care for young maple trees. It’s similar to caring for mature maple trees, but not exactly the same. Before you plant a young maple tree, here are five caring tips you should know.

Use the Proper Soil

Soil quality is so important for trees and plants in general, but it’s especially important when it comes to planting a young maple tree. Look for a heavy, nutrient-rich soil to use. Don’t use a soil that has a pH above 7.3, as maple trees need a more acidic environment to fully thrive. You’ll also want to make sure the soil you’re using is easy for you to dig in. The hole used to plant maple trees should be around three feet deep. This is because the roots will need at least four feet as they spread wide once they develop.

Make sure that the hole you dig is far enough away from any structures, as once developed, the roots of maple trees are very strong and can lift things, such as fences or foundations. Additionally, use the proper fertilizer, especially on newly planted trees. The fertilizer helps maintain the proper soil your young maple tree needs to continue to grow.

Use Mulch in Addition to Soil

Just as having the proper soil is important, so is using mulch. Mulch regulates the soil temperature by cooling the root zone, which reduces the evaporation of the water. This makes the growing environment for the tree much healthier, both for the roots and for the soil organisms that help the tree thrive. In addition to all of this, mulch helps keep the weeds down. Weeds can both be damaging to your tree and affect the value of your yard.

In terms of using mulch, it should be two to three inches deep, and there should be a gap of around four inches between the mulch and the tree trunk. This will prevent moisture from building. Too much moisture can make the tree susceptible to pests, rotting, and disease, just as drought can cause damage to a tree.

Give It Enough Water

All trees require water, but young trees need even more, especially for the first two years after planting. The first summer after planting is when you should pay extra attention to the young maple tree to make sure there are no signs of drought. These signs can include the leaves wilting or the edges of the leaves becoming dry and curled.

Maple trees need around 11 gallons of water a week to stay healthy, but young maple trees need even more, especially in dry, hot conditions. It’s good to water your tree a few gallons every couple of days rather than a little every day. A good way to assess how often to water is by checking to see if the soil has dried out. Additionally, it’s critical that the gallons of water reach the roots of the tree to make sure the tree grows properly and has a strong base.

Water at the Right Time

It may be tempting to just water whenever you have time, but it’s not advised. We recommend watering first thing in the early morning or late in the evening. Watering at these times reduces evaporation because the sun isn’t as strong, which means that more water will soak into the soil.

Be sure to completely saturate the soil each time you water. If you find the soil is still moist from the day before or from overnight rain, wait until the next day to water or until the soil dries out. Overwatering is bad for any tree, but especially for young ones.

Do Not Prune Right Away

If you notice any minor branch defects on your young maple tree while you’re planting it, it’s okay to trim those away. However, try not to prune your tree during its first year of growth unless absolutely necessary. A tree’s first year after being planted is its most significant time of growth. Pruning too much during this time can hinder the growth of the tree and do more damage than good. You don’t want to stunt the growth of your tree.

If you believe that your young maple tree may need pruning during this time, call a professional arborist to come to take a look and ask for their opinion before you take matters into your own hands. They’ll know how to properly go about fixing the situation without causing any harm to the tree.

Maple trees are a great choice for a Pacific Northwest yard. If you’re looking to plant a maple tree, be sure you have all of the above prepared. After planting, keep an eye on your tree to make sure that it’s getting enough water, not getting too much water, and growing healthy and strong. If anything seems off or if there are any signs of damage to the tree, call a professional.

At Mr. Tree, we’re here to answer any of your questions. We want your young maple tree to thrive and grow into a fully-grown maple tree that brings beauty to your yard and flourishes for years to come.

Maple tree planting and care. How to grow maple in the country. -Landscape design studio

  1. Which maple to plant on the site
  2. Preparatory work before planting a tree
  3. Maple Planting and Care

Due to its unusual decorative effect and docile nature, maple is often used in the landscape design of the Moscow region. Planting and caring for maple is not difficult, and the return from it is very high. The tree is undemanding to soils and endures frosts. And if in winter the young shoots freeze, in the spring it will grow new ones.


Landscape design studio STROY-GAZON offers you to create a design project for your site, as well as professionally perform planting and landscaping. 8 (916) 999-99-20


Elegant foliage attracts attention throughout the warm season. In spring, against the background of blossoming burgundy leaves, inflorescences of small bright yellow fragrant flowers stand out clearly. The grown leaves turn green and acquire the shape characteristic of each species and variety: five-fingered, carved, pointed. There are variegated forms of maples with variegated foliage. All summer long, against the background of maple greenery, bright red, pinkish, yellowish-green clusters of lionfish fruits stand out. In September, ripened seeds lose their brightness, but it is then that the leaves begin to change their color. In different species, they are scarlet, yellow, orange, pink, burgundy.

And even the trunks of these trees can be decorative. The bark of the Tatar maple is black, while the bark of the fan maple is greenish, light brown, beige. There are several varieties of serpentine maples. Their trunks are covered with an unusual "serpentine" pattern: alternating white and green or brown vertical stripes.

Maple tree planting and maintenance does not include cutting. This is one of the few trees that independently form a beautiful, dense, symmetrical crown. If the plant is not used in a green hedge, it does not need to be trimmed annually. The trunk grows even and slender, and the fertile shadow of the dense crown saves the surrounding area from the heat.

Ginnala Maple
Maple Globoza on a low trunk
Maple Royal Red

Which maple tree to plant on the site

Several dozen species and varieties of maple are used in the landscaping of sites. To make a spectacular hedge, you can plant a bush maple undersized on the site. In small areas, in rockeries, mini-gardens, trees about 3 m high are planted. If the area is large enough, the owner chooses large trees with a height of 10 m or more.

Most popular maple species:

Sugar maple

Large size:
  • Far Eastern
  • Manchu
  • Small-leaved
  • Holly or Sycamore
  • Silver
  • Sugar

Ginnala Maple

Shrubs or small trees:
  • Bearded - up to 5 m
  • Ginnala or Prirechny - up to 5 m
  • Tatar - up to 7 m
  • Ash-leaved - up to 7 m
  • False siboldov - up to 8 m

Tri-flowered maple

Japanese garden maples - low growing, tiered, with asymmetrical crown and horizontal branching:
  • Fan-shaped or Palmate
  • Triflora

Snake-bark species:
  • Green-bark

    Serpentine Maple

  • Pennsylvania
  • David
  • Reddish Veined
  • Serpentskin

Breeders divided almost every species into several varieties that differ in the color of foliage, shoots and bark, crown shape, and trunk height. After consulting with a specialist in a landscape studio, you can pick up and plant a maple tree in the country, which is optimal for it in size and shape.

Preparatory work before planting a tree

Before planting a maple tree on the site, you need to make sure that the grown tree will not become a problem in the future.

An open sunny area should be chosen for the tree in order to get a beautiful lush crown and be able to admire it. Spreading maple growing close to the house can greatly obscure the premises. Its shadow will be detrimental to sun-loving flowering perennials and shrubs.

The second possible inconvenience from maple is the numerous shoots of its seeds. They are carried by the wind and thrive in cultivated soil. If there are flowerbeds or beds in the immediate vicinity, you need to be prepared to deal with additional weeds.

It is possible to plant a maple on a permanent site at the age of 2-3 years, when the tree will show its varietal qualities and become an independent viable organism.

Maple loves fertile soil. If a sufficient amount of humus or compost is prepared for planting, the question of how to grow a maple tree strong and healthy will be resolved.

It is not difficult when and how to plant a maple so that it quickly takes root and gives growth. Maple with an open root system is planted in spring or autumn. A seedling grown in a container culture can be placed in a permanent place at any time of the year. It is better to plant a large-sized plant in winter, when the earth ball is guaranteed not to crumble from the roots.

Maple Flamingo
Maple Fassen Black

Planting and caring for maple

Planting and caring for maple starts at least 2-3 weeks before the purchase of the tree. Under the seedling, they dig a landing hole 70 cm deep in advance. The excavated earth is mixed with humus. If the soil is dense clayey, sand and peat are added to the planting soil. In areas flooded with groundwater, drainage from crushed stone and sand is arranged in a pit with a layer of at least 20 cm.

A stake is driven into the bottom of the pit, 100-150 g of mineral fertilizer is poured and partially filled with enriched earth mixture. The root system is freed from the strapping or container, placed on the poured soil so that its root collar rises 5 cm above the site. The roots are straightened and covered with the remnants of the earth, compacting with the foot. After watering the seedling with 10-20 liters of water, the soil will settle, the neck will drop to the edge of the pit. The tree is tied to a stake.

Maple planting and care of the seedling on the first day are completed, if necessary, with partial pruning of the branches. In spring and summer, during the period of solar activity, a freshly planted tree should be shaded so that it does not expend energy on evaporation, but on the development of roots and shoots. You need to water the seedling monthly with 10 liters of water, and in hot summer - weekly.

In the next few years, the young maple will need regular top dressing with mineral fertilizers for active growth. An adult plant tolerates drought well, but if it is periodically watered during the dry season, the crown will be more lush and fresh.

The tree should be inspected regularly for pests and diseases. If infection is detected, remove damaged leaves and shoots, treat with insecticides or fungicides. The trunk circle should be regularly weeded and loosened in order to destroy possible pests and improve air access to the roots.


As you can see, planting maple in the country and learning how to properly care for it is not an easy task. But don't despair! If this is difficult for you, then I, Alisa Samoilova, will be happy to help you! Call me at: 8-916-999-99-20, and I will provide you with any assistance in landscaping the site, planting trees and plants, as well as any other issues related to landscape design.

Maple planting and care in the open field.

How to plant maple on the plot and how long does it grow?

Do you want a chic lawn on your property that your neighbors will envy? Give us a call and we'll find the right one for you. " Lawn yard on Leninsky". Our phones in Moscow: +7 (495) 294-80-80, +7 (919) 99-88-770 Write to What's App [email protected]

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Maple is one of the most beautiful representatives of the Sapind family. Its pointed leaves served as another name for it - acer, which means sharp leaf in translation. There are many varieties of maple, it can be both woody and shrubby representative of the flora. The largest tree species can reach up to 40 meters in height, and shrubs up to 10 meters. This unique plant is interesting not only for the shape of its leaves, but also for its bright colors, flowers and amazing lionfish fruits.

"Maple is one of the most popular trees and is found in Europe, Asia and America. Gardeners love this plant for its vitality."

Beautiful crown creates shade. Maple thrives in nutritious soil and in open areas of your garden. But even in the shade, this plant can also grow and develop perfectly. The only thing that this unpretentious plant, excess moisture or swampy soil cannot survive. With proper care, maple will delight you for several years.

Before boarding, it is necessary to determine the place of disembarkation. The soil is best fertilized with organic fertilizers. Garden soil is also suitable. It is best to fertilize the soil based on the characteristics of your region and the variety of maple.

The basis of the mixture is three ingredients:
  • Humus mixed with peat compost (third)
  • Sod (half)
  • Sand or screenings

If groundwater is present, drainage must be made from building debris or sand.

The most suitable landing site will be an open area. After all, the trouble with all ornamental plants is the shadow, due to which many plants lose the brightness of the color of the foliage. Landing is best done in spring and autumn. The distance between seedlings should be at least 3 meters. If you plan to plant a maple hedge, then the distance between plants should be no more than 2 meters. The roots of seedlings must be kept in water for a certain amount of time.

Planting

Spread the fertilizer in the prepared planting hole, 50 cm deep. It is best to use mineral fertilizers. Spread 150 grams of fertilizer in each hole, then lower the root collar, but at ground level. We all know that the soil tends to sag, which is why it is recommended to plant seedlings 20 centimeters above ground level. This is most effective when planting an already mature tree. Next, we pulse the soil with a layer of 5 centimeters with peat and water it abundantly. One well requires up to 30 liters of water. If you did not feed the soil when planting, this can be done in the spring. It is recommended to use urea or potassium salt.

Fertilization and care

It is recommended to fertilize the maple throughout the summer. Kemira is good for these purposes. One hundred grams of fertilizer per square meter. Also, maple does not like drought, therefore, on especially hot dry days of summer, we advise you to water it with a bucket of water once a week. New maple trees need to be watered more abundantly. In spring and autumn, you can water once a month.

It is recommended to regularly weed and loosen the soil around the tree. This will saturate the roots with moisture and oxygen.

Maple is an unpretentious plant, but it also needs care. Pruning old or diseased branches will allow the crown to grow even more and promote the emergence of new healthy branches.

With the onset of winter, at the first frost, it is most effective to remove annual shoots. This will allow the bark to recover on its own, young shoots will be able to get stronger and the tree will more easily survive the winter frosts. If mature trees winter well, then young trees are best wrapped around the roots with insulation.

There are three ways to propagate maple:
  • Seeds
  • Green cuttings
  • Inoculations

Such varieties of maple as Tatar, green-winged, holly and ash-leaved have high germination for two years. But there are seeds that need to be used this year.

Maples in nature, when their leaves fall off, stratify themselves and also grow independently. But at home, it takes much more time. For example, green-winged maple requires about 120 days, holly-leaved 110, and ash-leaved only 40 days for stratification, subject to a constant temperature regime of 5 degrees.

Soak in hydrogen peroxide for about three days before sowing. After the seeds sprout, at the beginning of spring we plant them in the ground 4 cm into the ground and wait for germination for a couple of weeks.

During the first life, the seedlings grow a little over 50 centimeters. They must be carefully weeded from weeds and loosen the soil.

Young plants, during periods of intense heat, are best protected from the sun under a canopy. And after 3 years, young maples can already be transplanted to the main place, where they will continue to grow.

Grafted ornamental maple species. Grafting must be carried out with the same type of maple: bud or cutting. For example, a wild-growing stock of Norway maple is grafted with a decorative subspecies. A favorable time for grafting is the very beginning of spring, it is best to do this before the juices begin to move.

A beautiful lawn on your property is not a myth! Call us and we will advise which lawn grass mixture is suitable for your site. " Lawn yard on Leninsky". Our phones in Moscow: +7 (495) 294-80-80, +7 (919) 99-88-770 Write to What's App [email protected]


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