How much water does a lime tree need
How Often to Water a Citrus Tree? — Here's Your Answer!
Citrus trees are a favorite among gardeners because of their dark green foliage and bright, delicious fruit. There are many varieties of citrus, with the fruit of all different colors and sizes.
Citrus trees love direct sunlight and warmth and do not take well to cold temperatures or too much shade.
When it comes to water, however, citrus trees are quite sensitive, especially when they are still young.
Make sure you know your way around watering your citrus tree so that you can give it the best chance at a long healthy life!
How often to water a citrus tree?
Citrus trees need their soil to be kept gently moist at all times. Soak the ground completely when watering and don’t water again until the soil’s top is dry. Citrus trees require soil with excellent drainage and do not like to be left sitting in water.
Watering Citrus Trees in Pots
If you are growing citrus trees in pots, you should water them as soon as the top 1–3 centimeters of soil are dry, depending on the size of the pot and the tree.
A small tree in a smaller pot may only need the first centimeter of soil to be dry before being re-watered, while a larger one will be happiest if allowed to dry down to three centimeters. The majority of the soil should be gently moist at all times.
How much water your tree needs will depend on the size of the pot, the size of the tree, the time of year, and whether the pot is being kept indoors or outdoors.
A good general rule is to make sure that the soil has been soaked through and has subsequently been allowed to drain until the top 1–3 centimeters of soil are dry to the touch.
During the summer, while the tree is being kept outside, it will require more water than usual. Check it twice per week and water it when necessary.
During the winter, while the tree is being kept indoors, it will require less water. Checking it once per week is enough during this dormant season.
If you live in a cooler climate and have moved your citrus tree indoors for the winter months, you will need to make sure that your plant is not being dried out by the indoor heating.
If you notice that the leaves of your citrus tree are becoming crisp or are browning, try making a homemade humidity tray by filling a drip tray with gravel or clay pebbles and covering them with water.
Then place the potted tree (with the usual drip tray) on top of the humidity tray.
Make sure that the water’s not absorbed into the soil of the plant. When the water evaporates it will add humidity around the tree.
It is extremely crucial that you plant your citrus trees in containers or pots with drainage holes.
If your tree is in a pot with no drainage hole, its roots will sit in water for too long and this will likely be fatal for it.
Watering Citrus Trees in the Ground
When watering a citrus tree in the ground you need to water it deeply. Make sure you are watering it for long enough and that you are thoroughly drenching the soil.
Citrus trees in the ground require slightly less regular watering than citrus trees in pots for the simple reason that there is more soil for them to draw water from.
A general rule is to water your citrus tree once every ten days during the summer, and slightly more often during particularly sunny weeks. Allow the topsoil to dry completely before re-watering the tree again thoroughly.
If there has been a lot of rain recently, you do not need to water your citrus tree that week.
Make sure that you plant your citrus tree in a well-draining area. Try to plant it on sloping ground or a hillside. Alternatively, you could plant it in a raised bed.
You can test the drainage of your planting spot by digging a hole of approximately 30 cubic centimeters and filling it with water. Allow it to drain before refilling it.
If an hour passes and it doesn’t drain for the second time, the drainage is poor. In order to improve the drainage, you will need to remove a good amount of the natural soil and replace it with fast-draining compost.
Alternatively, find a new location to plant your tree.
If you have just transplanted your tree from a pot to the ground, you will need to water it more frequently than usual––approximately twice a week–– until it begins to show new growth.
After that, you can revert to a standard watering schedule.
Frequently Asked Questions about Watering Citrus Trees
The leaves on my citrus tree fall off after I water it. Why is this?
If the leaves of your citrus tree are falling off after you water it, this is often because you have allowed the tree to dry out for too long before watering it. Confusingly, citrus trees that are too dry retain their leaves until they are watered again and only lose them after being watered.
What will happen once I overwater my citrus tree?
If your citrus tree receives too much water, its leaves will become yellow and fall off, and the skin of its fruits may split. If left sitting in water for too long over a long period of time, citrus tree roots will suffocate, and the tree may die.
What will happen if I underwater my citrus tree?
If your citrus tree receives too little water, its leaves will curl upwards, become dry and crisp, and fall off. If the citrus tree goes too long without water, it will die.
How to Grow a Potted Key Lime Tree? – Flourishing Plants
Key lime trees can be grown in a bucket or large plant pot whenever there is not enough space to grow them directly in the soil. The advantage of having them potted is that you can have the plant grow on a balcony, porch, or even indoors.
Key lime trees grow well when planted in a bucket or plant pot. Although the environment is confined, the plant can thrive well with the available soil and adequately supplied nutrients. A potted key lime tree can be easily managed within a bucket since the plant doesnt grow a large canopy and can produce fruit just as if it was planted in the ground.
Key lime is a member of the Citrus community of plants and is grown in subtropical and tropical climates. Limes (Citrus aurantifolia) are the fruit of tropical citrus trees closely related to lemons.
Key Lime trees are evergreen and can grow up to eight feet tall within the ground and within 3 to 5 feet when planted in a pot or a bucket. The branches are often slim and slender with 5mm to 10mm thorns which mature and become hard and prickly as the branches grow out.
Citrus trees when planted in buckets or pots, do not grow as big as they would if they were grown in the ground. Most tree roots are located in the top 6 to 18 inches of soil. Therefore, a pot that is 16 to 24 inches or larger in diameter should be used when potting the plant.
Planting citrus trees in a potted environment comes with many benefits and there are a few noteworthy things to consider when doing so such as nutrient addition, watering, temperature considerations, and pest control, which we will discuss further in this article.
See pictures after two years of this very tree after repotting into a larger pot at the end of this post.Key Lime Planted In a BucketKey Lime History in Florida
When we hear the term Key lime, we think of KeyLime Pie. This is because Key lime Pie is well known and often associated with the state of Florida and for good reason.
Before the 1920s key lime was grown commercially within the state until natural disasters took a heavy toll on the mid-1920s causing a collapse in the industry when the citrus groves were destroyed.
After the fall of the Key Lime industry, the Persian Lime came to the rescue.
Key lime can be mistaken with its cousin the Persian lime which is a hybrid, seedless version found in your local supermarket. The Persian or Tahiti Lime (Citrus latifolia) was developed in the early 20th century and is larger than the Key lime. Both key limes and Persian lime turn yellow when fully ripe.
|Planting Considerations||Suggestions for Best Key Lime Plant Production|
|Pot Size||Fairly large pots should be used to compensate for roots. Pot size 16 to 24 inches in diameter with holes at the bottom.|
|Soil Composition||Use a well-aerated soil mixture rich in nutrients. A citrus fertilizer such as Citrus-tone can be used as an all-round fertilizer.|
|Planting Requirements||Plants should be placed In the Center of the pots and roots covered with at least 2 inches of soil|
|Fertilizing Periods||Fertilize before and after flower and fruit production, Usually in three months intervals. Liquid fertilizer can be used intermittently.|
|Watering Frequency||Plants should be watered depending on factors such as Soil type, pot size, Weather conditions, and plant size|
|Pest Control||Use Biological control such as Neem oil or mechanical control such as cloth and rubbing alcohol|
|Harvesting||Plants propagated by grafting will flower within a year, while plants grown from seeds can take between 3 – 5 years to bear fruit.|
Trees cultivated from seedlings take 35 years before producing a harvest.
They reach their maximal yield at about 8 years of age. However, Trees produced from cuttings and air layering bear fruit much sooner, sometimes producing fruit a year after planting. It takes approximately 10 months to start flowering.
The flowers produced are white in color and sometimes the entire canopy can be dotted with white 5 petal flowers.
Key lime doesn’t require other key lime trees to fertilize the flowers; they are self-pollinating trees. As a result, bees and other insects play a vital role when it comes to the pollination of the flowers and within two weeks small lime fruit can be seen growing out from the flowing sites.
The fruits can take between a month or two before they mature enough for harvesting. Fruits can be harvested when the lime is full and totally green in color or when the fruit is fully ripened and yellow in color.
The more yellow the color the more juice you will get from the fruit but the potency of the citric acid maybe a little weaker.Can you Grow Key Lime from a Seed?
The seeds must be kept moist until they can be planted, as they will not germinate if allowed to dry out. If the plants are propagated from seed, the seeds should be stored at least 56 months before planting.
The average Key lime fruit produces between 5 to 10 seeds when fully grown.
Plants can also be propagated from grafting and air layering techniques. This is sometimes done to maintain a pure strain of the key lime plant, by taking a cutting from a known healthy productive key lime tree and grafting it onto another smaller tree.Environmental Conditions for Key Lime to Grow
Key Limes are susceptible to frost than other citrus fruits. This makes growing them in buckets very convenient as they can be moved or covered to prevent the plants from dying of cold temperatures.
Apart from the frost limitations, Key Limes are a year-long fruit since the tree tends to produce fruiting flowers at least three times per year.
Environmental conditions and fruit maturation are crucial in the cultivation of the lime tree. In warm tropical conditions, potted key lime trees can be planted during any season, whereas the best time for planting in temperate regions is late winter or early spring.
Key Lime trees grow exceptionally well in full sunlight, well-drained soils, and good air circulation with temperatures above 60F. A simulation of near-tropical conditions would work well and produce fruitful healthy trees.Watering Requirements for Potted Citrus
Watering is very important when it comes to key lime plants. The plant should be watered every three to four days. Depending on the pot or container you may have, you may have to water more often.
Another factor for watering you should consider is
- Pot size
- Weather conditions the plant is subjected to
- Type of soil used
- The size of the plant in the pot
Key lime loves loose well-aerated soil and with this water would tend to run right out from the soil after watering. Therefore if you use this type of soil you may have to water a little more often.
Additionally, if the plant is in an area where it is getting adequate rainfall this may be helpful to the plant. Too much rainfall may become a concern however, as the rainwater washes through the soil it will also carry with it vital nutrients which the plant needs to grow.
The safest bet when it comes to watering your Key lIme plant is to monitor the soil and see whether it needs watering or not. Usually whenever the plants need watering is when the top 1 to 2 inches of the soil appears dry.
A moisture meter can come in handy when monitoring soil moisture and can give a good indication of when the plant needs water.
A cheaper, and in some cases, more effective method of monitoring soil moisture is by using a skewer and sticking it into the soil, pulling it out, and noticing how wet it is.Nutrient Requirements
When plants are potted the only nutrients that they are getting is what you are providing for them. Initially the potting solid will contain a good amount of nutrients for the plant to grow and for a while, you may not need to fertilize the soil.
But as the plant ages, it will tend to use up the initial nutrients and additional fertilizer will have to be added to the pot or bucket.
A fertilizer formulated specifically for citrus plants such as Citrus-tone is a great choice since it provides all the nutrients required for growth and fruit production.
Typically fertilizer should be added according to the instructions on the product, before and after the plants produce flowers and fruits. Following this method, the plants are fertilized once every three months.Pest Control for Key Lime Trees
Key lime plants can be attacked by spider mites, mealybugs, and leaf crawlers. If left unchecked these insects can wreak havoc on your plant and eventually cause the plant to die.
The best organic pest control you can use is neem oil which is applied topically by spraying onto the leaves of the plants. This removes the insects if they are already attacking the key lime tree and will also prevent any other insect from coming close.
Mealybugs can be removed easily by using a small cloth dipped in rubbing alcohol and just wiping them off.
My tree was attacked by mealybugs so bad that I had to prune almost all the branches after which you could barely notice if it was a key lime tree.
Luckily these citrus trees are very resilient and after a week or two, it started producing new shoots and branches.
An update after two years has passed –
I can easily harvest from 10 to 20 Key Limes every month from this one tree.
- It is convienient
- The pot can be moved to whereever I want
- The tree produces limes all year round
So I can safely say that it is totally worth it growing a potted key lime tree.
Linden: planting, care, varieties (species)Linden appeared on earth in the era of dinosaurs. She survived global warming and the Ice Age, witnessed great historical events. Under the shade of lindens, high-society ladies made dates for their gentlemen, and two centuries ago, in honor of the victory of the great French revolution, thousands of linden trees were planted in Paris. Since then, the linden has been considered the tree of freedom and happiness.
Linden has existed since time immemorial
In our country, linden groves stretch from the western foothills of the Urals, through the entire central strip of Russia - to the foothills of the Carpathians. In addition, some types of lindens, for example, Amur and Manchurian, feel very good in the harsh climate of the Far East and Siberia. Linden looks great in hedges, alleys, berso (green tunnel), but it is no less attractive in single plantings.Ads by
Features of linden trees
Linden trees are long-lived, they are able to grow and live in one place up to 600 years. Linden fashionista easily tolerates forming pruning, is not capricious and does not get sick after it, for which she is especially loved by gardeners. The linden family has about 30 representatives of the species, among which there are trees, from 20 to 40 m high with various crown shapes: pyramidal, round, oval and others. But in places where the linden lacks space and sun, it grows stunted and looks like a fluffy shrub.
Linden loves the sun and space
Linden trees always grow straight, they can be both single-stemmed and multi-stemmed. The leaves are large (up to 30 cm long), heart-shaped, with a graceful serrated edge, and fragrant flowers are collected in numerous umbrella inflorescences.
Linden has been helping people in trouble since ancient times, relieving them of various diseases. Everything about this wonderful tree is healing: from bark and branches to leaves and flowers, from which healing decoctions and infusions are made in folk medicine.
Selecting a location for linden
Linden is a shade-tolerant tree, but if you plant it in an open sunny place, it will thank you: it will please you with its fast growth and lush crown. It is undemanding to soils, but prefers sandstones, well flavored with humus. Does not tolerate groundwater lying close to the surface. Mature trees easily tolerate drought, but seedlings need regular watering.
Linden confidently "stands on its feet": its powerful root system, with a taproot deeply penetrating the soil, allows the tree not to be afraid even of strong winds. The crown is quite dense and if you plant lindens in a row along the windward side, then in a few years not a single breeze will look at your site) But, keep in mind that the linden reaches its full development only by 20-40 years (depending on the species).
Well, let's plant a "freedom tree" in the countryside?
Linden is well propagated by seeds, stem cuttings, root shoots and seedlings. The ideal soil for it: soddy land (1 part), humus (2 parts), sand (2 parts), and the optimal soil reaction: pH 6.5-7.5.
Propagation of linden by seeds
Propagation of linden by seeds is a long process. From the moment of sowing to obtaining a young tree, 10-12 years can pass. If the deadlines are “not pressing”, proceed)
Linden seeds must first be stratified (cold kept). To do this, they are placed in a box with wet sand or sawdust, put in a cold dark place for 5-6 months, moistened periodically. Or the second way: you can place the seeds for stratification in a peat-sand mixture (1:1), deepening them by 2-3 cm.
Linden seedlings they will germinate, and after a while the plant can be planted for a permanent place of residence, carefully caring for them, covering the "young growth" for the winter. To obtain full-fledged seedlings that are guaranteed to take root in open ground, linden seedlings can be grown indoors.
Propagation of linden by layering
To propagate with stem layers , you need to bend the lower branches to the ground, lay them in shallow trenches and dig in, and then nature will do everything for you. After 1-2 years, the branches will take root, they will be ready to be separated from the mother tree and planted in a permanent place of residence. Reproduction of linden by layering is done in the spring, before the foliage appears.
Propagation of root layers is even easier - adult lindens abundantly produce young growth, which can be carefully separated from the mother root and planted linden "baby" wherever your darling wants) If you still do not have linden in the country to propagate it layering, you can dig up a young linden tree from the nearest forest plantation or buy ready-made seedlings in a nursery.
Planting linden seedlings
Linden easily tolerates slight damage to the root system, but still be careful when planting. The best option is to buy a plant with a closed root system, the tree will not even notice the transshipment.
Linden seedlings with a closed root system
Make a planting pit for standard linden seedlings (50-70 cm) at least 50 cm deep and with a diameter of at least 50 cm. Fill the bottom with a drainage layer 10-15 cm high - pebbles, crushed stone or broken brick. Cover the drainage layer to the width of your palm with humus mixed with superphosphate (50-60 g for each tree). Then a seedling is placed in the hole, covered with a soil mixture: soddy land, humus, sand (in a ratio of 1:2:2).
Try to place the root neck of the seedling at the level of the soil, but if you bury it a little lower, it's okay, this is not critical for linden. After planting, the seedling is watered abundantly, for the next 2 years it is fed with nitrogen fertilizers three times a season. To do this, you can use mullein infusion (1 kg of manure per 10 liters of water).
Literally the next year after planting seedlings, you can do their cultivation, that is, cutting the crown. Only in the first pruning do not shorten the linden branches by more than 1/3, and engage in the formation of a tree in early spring, before bud break. And in the fall, an overgrown plant can be “trimmed” again)
It is enough to feed mature trees twice a season. In early spring, such a solution is introduced under each: 1 kg of cow manure, 20 g of urea and 25 g of ammonium nitrate are added to 10 liters of water. In autumn, 20 g of nitroammophoska are added to 10 liters of water.
Only seedlings and young trees need constant soil moisture, while mature lindens tolerate drought very well. They need to be watered only during the driest periods. The volume of water required for an adult tree: 20 liters of water per 1 m² of crown projection.
Loosening the near-stem circle is carried out 2-3 times per season, simultaneously with the removal of weeds. In winter, they mulch (with a layer of 10-12 cm) with peat, wood chips, fallen leaves (preferably linden) or sawdust.
As mentioned above, the family includes about 30 species, but, of course, it is impossible to list everything in one article. Therefore, we will limit ourselves to those that can most often be found in summer cottages.
A very ornamental frost-resistant tree up to 20 m high. Often multi-stemmed.
Manchurian linden is most common in the Amur Region and Primorye.
Tall (up to 40 m) tree with spreading round crown and very decorative purple-brown young shoots.
Frost-resistant and durable. Distributed in the northeastern part of Asia and the Caucasus.
Silver linden is often called felted linden due to the peculiarity of the leaves: on one side they are slightly pubescent, and on the other side the pubescence is dense, very similar to felt.
Silver linden grows up to 30 m in height, wide pyramidal crown. Grows in the central regions of Russia.
All types of lindens are distinguished by their exquisite decorative effect and are widely distributed in garden and park plantings. And also - in the design of wonderful hedges that adorn our suburban areas.
Linden planting and care useful properties and contraindications
Linden is a tall tree crop. In her genus, there are about 45 different varieties, among which there are also shrubs.
- Linden species and varieties
- Linden planting and care in the open field
- Linden watering
- Linden soil
- Linden transplant
- Linden fertilizer
- Linden blossom
- Linden pruning
- Linden drying
- Preparing linden for winter
- Linden growing from seeds
- Propagation of linden by layering
- Propagation of linden by cuttings
- Diseases and pests
- Linden useful properties and contraindications
Linden appeared on earth about 70 million years ago, so it can be safely called the same age as dinosaurs. In addition, a tree with proper care can grow up to 1200 years. Many of these centenarians are found in the wild.
The tree looks decorative even when not in bloom. But during flowering, its luxurious appearance is emphasized by small hanging, pleasantly smelling inflorescences, and the garden plot is filled with a sweet honey aroma. Linden blossom has medicinal properties, so it is dried and harvested to make decoctions and teas.
In the wild, trees begin to bloom from the twentieth year of life. When planting a tree on a personal plot, flowering can be expected in twenty-five to thirty years. The flowering time of the tree lasts from June to July.
If you want to grow linden in your garden, it is important to follow the basic rules for planting and caring for a tree in the future, because only in this way will you be able to get a luxurious culture that will delight the gardener and his descendants with its decorative effect for many years or even centuries.
Species and varieties of linden
Small-leaved linden ( Heart-shaped linden or Multi-stemmed ) grows in wild nature in Western Siberia 9005. The tree reaches a height of up to 30 meters and can grow for at least a hundred years. Some trees of this variety grow for 1000 years. The culture has dark green smooth leaf plates on top and bluish - below. Light yellow inflorescences, consist of 5-11 buds directed upwards. The tree blooms in the middle of summer.
Large-leaved linden is a widespread crop in Europe. The tree reaches a height of 25 to 30 meters. It has large, pubescent leaf plates of a dark green hue. Inflorescences are directed downwards. After flowering, in place of the flowers, fruits with a hard shell and pronounced ribbing are formed.
Grows in Western Europe. In height reaches up to 40 meters. It has a dense, spherical crown. The bark is gray with small cracks. Leaf plates are oval, heart-shaped. They are silvery on the inside and dark green on the outside. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer. Seeds ripen in August. The minimum life expectancy of such a tree is 150 years.
File linden ( Fluffy linden , Silver , Hungarian ) - wood culture grows in the Caucasus. It reaches a height of up to 30 meters and has a spreading crown. Leaf blades are pubescent. They are dark green above and silver below. Inflorescences are light yellow with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer.
Amur Linden – grows wild in Primorye, China and Korea. It reaches a height of up to 20 meters. Leaf plates are round, dark green, glossy, large. Inflorescences drooping, light yellow with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is in July and lasts for three weeks.
American Linden - grows in North America. The bark of the culture is black with small cracks. The tree reaches a height of up to 40 meters and has a spreading crown. Leaf plates are large, oval, dark green. The culture blooms in the middle of summer, in clusters of inflorescences of a light yellow hue with a pleasant aroma.
It grows in the wild in the Crimea and the Caucasus. Rarely found in cultivated form. It reaches a height of up to 20 meters and has a dense ovoid crown with drooping branches. Leaf blades are large, ovate with a pointed end. They are dark green above and silvery below. Inflorescences racemose, drooping, light yellow. The culture blooms in early summer.
Linden Henry - grows wild in Central China. It reaches a height of up to 25 meters. The height of cultivated trees is up to 10 meters. Linden has a spreading crown and brown bark with small cracks. Leaf plates are dark green, large, heart-shaped with a sharp end. Inflorescences are light yellow, drooping with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer.
Miquela Linden - Japan is the birthplace of the culture. The tree reaches a height of up to 15 meters. The leaves are dark green, oval with a paired-dissected edge. The inflorescences are drooping, yellow-white in color with a sweet pleasant aroma. The flowering time of the culture falls on the beginning of summer.
Linden planting and care in the open field
Linden is a sun-loving tree crop, so when planting for it, you need to choose a sunny place. The tree prefers fertile soil with good drainage. Linden grows well in sandy soil mixed with humus. When choosing a place for linden, you need to consider that in the future it will grow to large sizes.
Seedlings are best planted in damp, cool weather. The ideal time of year for planting linden is early autumn. You can plant a tree in the spring, but only when the threat of frost disappears.
Before planting a tree, prepare a planting hole 50 centimeters deep and the same in diameter. As a drainage, crushed stone of a fine fraction should be placed at the bottom of the hole, sprinkled with humus mixed with 60 grams of superphosphate. When the pit is ready, it is necessary to place a seedling in it, filling it with earth with a mixture consisting of a part of soddy soil, two parts of humus and two parts of sand. Soil pH should not exceed 7.5.
When planting several seedlings, the distance between the planting pits must be at least 4 meters. When transferring seedlings to open ground, the root system should be carefully handled. The root neck of a young linden should remain level with the soil. After planting linden, seedlings need to be watered abundantly. To prevent water from accumulating in the roots, a near-stem hole should be formed in advance.
Catalpa is a member of the Bignonaceae family. It is grown during planting and care in the open field without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural technology. You can find all the necessary recommendations in this article.
Watering the Linden Tree
Mature Linden tree tolerates drought normally, but only if it is short. Young trees need to be watered frequently, about three times a week. In the dry season, the culture needs to be watered additionally, calculating watering from one bucket per square meter of crown projection.
Weeds should be removed after watering. It is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 15 centimeters in order to provide the root system with oxygen. This procedure is carried out three times a season.
To ensure less moisture evaporation, mulch the trunk circle with a thick layer of a mixture of peat, compost and sawdust.
As mentioned above, the tree crop prefers sandy soil fertilized with humus with good drainage.
The acidity of the soil should be around 7.5 pH.
If the seedlings are planted incorrectly, the linden does not take root and dies. Therefore, when transferring young trees to open ground, a number of rules must be observed.
When digging a young seedling out of the ground, damage to the root system should be avoided. If the roots have been damaged, then the areas with defects must be cut off. For transplanting to a permanent place of growth, only strong and healthy trees are chosen, planting them in open, sunny areas.
Excavated seedlings should be planted immediately, they should not be left with a bare root system, so the soil and planting pits should be prepared in advance. The root system should be placed freely in the hole. So that young plants do not suffer from gusts of wind, they must be tied to stakes.
After planting, the linden should be watered abundantly and the trunk circle should be mulched. Transplantation is best done in the spring before bud break or in the fall after the end of the growing season.
In order for linden to grow, bloom and develop normally, it should be fed twice a season. In the spring, it must be fertilized with a mixture of one kilogram of cow dung with 15 grams of urea and 25 grams of saltpeter, diluted in ten liters of water.
In autumn, 15 grams of nitroammophoska, scattered around the tree trunks, are used as fertilizer.
Linden blossoms with drooping, light yellow clustered inflorescences with a sweet honey aroma. Flowering time falls in June or early July.
Flowering lasts about three weeks. After that, in place of the inflorescences, small seeds in a hard shell begin to form, resembling ribbed nuts.
The first pruning of young trees is carried out one year after planting. During the procedure, the branches are shortened by no more than 1/3.
With the help of pruning, not only the crown is formed, but also carried out for sanitary purposes. In winter and early spring, dry shoots are removed. If the linden grows as a hedge, then it is sheared either in early spring or at the end of summer. In the future, pruning is carried out 4 times a season.
On an industrial scale, linden blossom is harvested only from trees over 90 years old. This allows you to get a large amount of raw materials. For home drying, you can use inflorescences from the first flowering of linden after planting.
Linden blossoms are picked in June-July in the first few days after the start of flowering, when the inflorescences have not yet begun to dry out. The collected linden is dried in the shade for 3-4 days, then put into clothes bags and stored for several years, using it for making teas, decoctions and medicinal preparations.
Preparing linden for winter
Linden is a rather frost-resistant tree and tolerates frosts up to 40 degrees. After the tree sheds its leaves, it is collected and burned.
Although linden does not need shelter, frost cracks may appear on young trees, which in spring must be treated with an antiseptic preparation and covered with garden pitch. With age, such problems will not arise.
Linden growing from seeds
The seed propagation method used to grow seedlings is considered the most popular. Before planting linden seeds in greenhouse soil, they should be stratified in a humid environment at a temperature of 0 ° C for six months. You can keep the seeds in a box with wet sand in the basement.
The seedlings are often grown in a greenhouse. For this purpose, the seeds are sown in rows in moist soil, retreating between them by 20 centimeters. Sprinkle the seeds on top with a thin layer of soil. In order for crops to sprout, they should be provided with good lighting and heat. To grow good, viable trees, they need to grow up to 50 centimeters. During this time, young lindens must be carefully monitored, providing them with timely watering and top dressing.
The culture can be propagated by ready-made seedlings germinating under an adult tree. For transplanting to a permanent place of growth, small sprouts with cotyledon leaf plates should be dug up. They need to be dug up in the spring, when foliage begins to appear on the mother tree.
Seedlings should be watered regularly, especially during dry periods. The following year, they need to be transferred to the "school", planted in rows with an interval of 30 centimeters between them. The distance between seedlings must be observed at 10 centimeters. In autumn, seedlings can be planted in open ground.
Propagation of linden by layering
Propagation of linden by layering is performed as follows:
The lower branches of the mother tree are bent to the ground, digging small holes under them.
- Shoots are fixed and sprinkled with soil;
- In a few years, they will form their own root system;
- When the shoots take root, they are cut from the tree and planted in a permanent place of growth.
This method is considered the second most popular after propagation by seedlings.
Propagation of linden by cuttings
Linden can be propagated by cuttings, but this technique is not used, as it gives planting material with poor survival.
To propagate lindens in this way, non-lignified, green shoots are used, which are placed in the root to stimulate root growth, and then planted in a vermiculite-peat mixture.
Diseases and pests
Of the diseases for linden, the most dangerous are: It manifests itself in the appearance of a white coating on cut branches, curvature of the trunk and the appearance of cracks in the bark. To eliminate this disease, damaged areas should be treated with a mixture of chalk and manganese. Of the pests, goldentail butterflies which eat foliage and inflorescences and leafworms , which also feed on young buds and leaves, are dangerous for linden. You can destroy these insects by treating the tree with insecticides. Due to the large number of useful substances, lime is actively used for medicinal purposes. Linden blossoms are used in the preparation of teas and decoctions, which have diuretic and diaphoretic properties. Linden decoction allows you to reduce the temperature and relieve the inflammatory process. Because of its harmlessness, it is often prescribed to pregnant women in the treatment of SARS. Linden tea is often drunk for weight loss. Although it does not have fat-burning properties, it effectively removes water, toxins and toxins from the body, which allows you not only to get rid of extra pounds, but also to improve your health. To make linden tea, you need to take 50 grams of dry linden blossoms, pour a liter of boiling water over them, wait 20 minutes for the tea to brew and consume the resulting volume of the drink throughout the day, repeating the procedure for two weeks. Lime bark decoction is an effective choleretic agent. The young bark is suitable for treating burns, hemorrhoids and gout. Tar is also made from the bark, which is an effective treatment for eczema. Leaf blades and buds are used as compresses to soften and draw out boils. Linden seeds are used as a hemostatic agent. Charcoal obtained from burnt wood is used as a sorbent for tuberculosis, gastrointestinal diseases, poisoning and ulceration. Lime blossom infusions and decoctions are also used in cosmetology. Linden decoction as a rinse is used to strengthen hair and prevent hair loss. For the face, lime-colored infusion is used as an alcohol-free tonic. It nourishes and refreshes the skin well, removing toxins from it and reducing oiliness.
Linden useful properties and contraindications
Of the pests, goldentail butterflies which eat foliage and inflorescences and leafworms , which also feed on young buds and leaves, are dangerous for linden. You can destroy these insects by treating the tree with insecticides.
Due to the large number of useful substances, lime is actively used for medicinal purposes.
Linden blossoms are used in the preparation of teas and decoctions, which have diuretic and diaphoretic properties. Linden decoction allows you to reduce the temperature and relieve the inflammatory process. Because of its harmlessness, it is often prescribed to pregnant women in the treatment of SARS.
Linden tea is often drunk for weight loss. Although it does not have fat-burning properties, it effectively removes water, toxins and toxins from the body, which allows you not only to get rid of extra pounds, but also to improve your health.
To make linden tea, you need to take 50 grams of dry linden blossoms, pour a liter of boiling water over them, wait 20 minutes for the tea to brew and consume the resulting volume of the drink throughout the day, repeating the procedure for two weeks.
Lime bark decoction is an effective choleretic agent. The young bark is suitable for treating burns, hemorrhoids and gout. Tar is also made from the bark, which is an effective treatment for eczema.
Leaf blades and buds are used as compresses to soften and draw out boils.
Linden seeds are used as a hemostatic agent.
Charcoal obtained from burnt wood is used as a sorbent for tuberculosis, gastrointestinal diseases, poisoning and ulceration.
Lime blossom infusions and decoctions are also used in cosmetology. Linden decoction as a rinse is used to strengthen hair and prevent hair loss. For the face, lime-colored infusion is used as an alcohol-free tonic. It nourishes and refreshes the skin well, removing toxins from it and reducing oiliness.