How much water should i give my bonsai tree
Bonsai Tree Care for Beginners—Everything You Need to Know
Have you ever admired other people’s plants and gardens and wondered: How do they manage to get their plants looking so beautiful and flourishing? Wonder no more—in this blog, we’ll show you how to easily care for a bonsai tree.
“The more you learn about the art, the more interesting the bonsai can be—many find the art of bonsai very meditative and great for stress-reduction.” Megan Matanzo, ProFlowers Director of Merchandise
The bonsai is a delightful and fun plant to have around the home or office. Though it does need proper care and attention, don’t let that intimidate you. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” ProFlowers also offers a kit just for beginners, which includes an outdoor juniper bonsai, a humidity tray and pebbles, an instruction booklet and a pair of bonsai clippers.
Here are some tips on how to care for your bonsai:
Water your bonsai! You may think this is a no-brainer, but the bonsai has very specific watering requirements. Approximately once a week or so (when the topsoil feels completely dry) immerse the entire bonsai plant in a bucket or basin of water. Once the air bubbles have risen to the top, the bonsai has absorbed enough water.
Humidity is also an important consideration for the health of the bonsai. All ProFlowers bonsais come with humidity trays and bag of pebbles. The humidity tray is unwrapped by the recipient, covered with the provided pebbles, and then the pebbles are covered with a little water. This will increase the humidity level for the tree, in addition to protecting the desk or table surface on which it is placed.
Where to put the bonsai The bonsai brings a natural and peaceful feel to any living space. Since it’s not technically a plant, but a tree, it makes a unique and enchanting addition to a room or outdoor space. Just make sure it gets plenty of direct sunlight, so place it either outside or indoors near a window.
Since the bonsai is known for its tranquility, we like the idea of placing it in an office space. Dad or a coworker would love a bonsai to spruce up their workplace. According to ProFlowers Director of Merchandise, Megan Matanzo, “The jade bonsai is a fairly easy indoor bonsai choice, and does well in an office environment.”
Prune your bonsai First, take a deep breath. One of the greatest attractions of a bonsai is the calming effect of simply trimming this miniature tree. The goal with pruning is to maintain its shape as it grows. Plus, cleaning up the top growth ensures growth elsewhere on the plant.
Use bonsai clippers (not scissors!) to remove any dead branches. Then decide which branches to trim in order to maintain the desired design. Bonsai pruning is considered an art form, which is why this little tree makes such a great gift for creative friends. Matanzo says, “The more you learn about the art, the more interesting the bonsai can be—many find the art of bonsai very meditative and great for stress-reduction. ”
The right bonsai soil Not just any soil will do for your bonsai. The goal is to find a soil that drains quickly, but still manages to retain its water. It also needs to contain small particles to ensure proper aeration, allowing oxygen to reach the roots. Luckily, we’ve done some research for you!
There are specialty soils on the market made just for bonsais (the easy route), or you can mix your own (if you’re feeling ambitious). It is also imperative to add fertilizer to your soil during growth season (typically early spring to mid fall).
Connect with other bonsai enthusiasts Find other plant and bonsai lovers in your community to learn more tricks and tips. Go to your local botanical garden or nursery and sign up for a class. This is a fun way to meet new people and also perhaps pick up a new and exciting hobby.
Looking for a great gift for Dad this Father’s Day? Or perhaps you want to treat a good friend to a unique and relaxing gift. The bonsai is unique, beautiful and something to be cherished for a long time with proper care—our smallest bonsai is likely five years old and the larger ones can easily be 10 to 20 years old! Check out more care tips and get started shopping for just the right bonsai tree for someone special, or for yourself!
How Often Should You Water A Bonsai Tree?
Have you just brought home your first Bonsai tree, or are you thinking of cultivating some for your landscape? Bonsai trees come from regular stock and seed that go through pruning, root reduction, grafting, defoliation, and potting to produce a small tree with the tree's look in mature form. If you are an owner of a Bonsai or about to be, you may be wondering how much care this tree needs. A significant part of that is water requirements. We've looked into this very subject.
The water requirements of Bonsai can change slightly based on the type of tree you have and the environmental conditions. On average, you should water a Bonsai tree every four to seven days.
You must never let a Bonsai dry out completely, as this can be fatal for your tree. Read on as we break down signs that it is time to water your tree and discuss the care for Bonsai trees that live indoors.
How Do I Know If My Bonsai Needs Water?
There is a range when it comes to how often you should water a Bonsai tree. This is due to varying factors and environments surrounding your Bonsai. These factors include the size of your tree and pot, soil mixture and fertilizer used, as well as weather conditions like wind and sun exposure. Consistently monitoring your Bonsai for signs of drying out or lack of soil moisture is how you will know if your tree needs water.
Checking for adequate soil moisture has been done using different methods, all giving the same needed information. One of these methods involves the use of a soil moisture meter. This probe will tell you if your Bonsai is under or overwatered based on a 1-10 scale. If your meter shows a three or lower, it is time to water.
You can find a soil moisture meter here on Amazon.
If you are without a moisture meter, no need to worry. You can use your finger to test the soil. Put your finger about 1 inch deep into the soil around your Bonsai; if your soil is dry or lacking moisture, it is time to water. Please get familiar with the species of your Bonsai; each type can have slightly different recommendations when it comes to moisture levels.
How Much Water Does A Bonsai Tree Need?
You go to water your Bonsai after noticing the moisture in the soil is relatively low, but how much water should you provide? The amount, just like the timing of watering, can vary based on each individual tree. A good rule to follow is to water enough to thoroughly soak your tree's entire root system.
Did you know there are different ways to achieve these soaked roots? The two most common methods used are overhead watering and watering by immersion. Overhead watering is what you typically think of when you imagine watering a garden or plant. You will shower your Bonsai using a hose or watering can until water starts to come out of the drainage holes.
Get a one-gallon watering can here on Amazon.
The immersion method for watering your Bonsai is a quick way to soak the roots of your tree. This is a great way to care for indoor Bonsai trees or ones that have gotten dried out. Keep in mind that immersing too often can start to cause damage to the roots.
The video below shows you how to water your Bonsai using the immersion method.
Read more on our blog post, "15 Best All-Purpose Plant Fertilizers [Liquid, Powder, And Granular]."
Should I Mist My Bonsai Tree?
You absolutely can mist a Bonsai tree, and they benefit from the moisture. Misting is highly recommended in winter months or when the environment is particularly dry. As you mist your Bonsai, you are cleaning the tree's foliage of dust and debris while creating some temporary humidity and moisture.
Have a look at this fine mist spray bottle here on Amazon.
Misting should be done alongside watering, but never replace watering with misting. Use the mist to focus on the leaves of your Bonsai and any moss that lives on the top layer of the soil. Stick to your regular watering to ensure your roots are getting plenty to drink.
Can You Overwater A Bonsai Tree?
While we often worry about a Bonsai tree drying out, you should be equally worried about overwatering. You can overwater a Bonsai, making it vital that you check soil moisture before you water. Your soil should always be moist but should not always be wet. The period between watering allows oxygen to reach the roots, promoting growth. If your soil is constantly soaked, this process cannot happen.
Outside constantly wet soil, you may notice other changes with your Bonsai from overwatering. You want to watch for symptoms like an unstable trunk, branches getting weak or smaller, a change in leaf color, and leaf drop. When you notice changes like these, it can indicate that your tree has been overwatered for some time, and there is a risk of root rot.
If you are worried about an overwatered tree, you can take steps to care for it. Move your Bonsai into a new pot after rinsing the roots; you will want to water sparingly and ensure the tree gets plenty of sunlight.
Are Bonsai Trees Hard To Care For?
What goes into the care of a Bonsai is not overly complex, but these trees do require consistent maintenance and upkeep. Like most other plants you will work with, you should be familiar with your specific Bonsai's fertilizing, watering, soil, and sunlight needs. Since Bonsai trees come in many types or species, you can focus on getting types that are easier to care for, like Jade.
Amazon offers a dwarf Jade Bonsai here.
The amount of care required not only changes based on species but the conditions surrounding the Bonsai. One example being if the tree lives indoors or outdoors.
With the proper care, a Bonsai can live long, some reaching over 100 years old. It is worth it to learn the ins and outs of whichever Bonsai you choose. The more you work with these trees, the easier the care becomes, and for most, this care turns into a lifelong hobby.
How Do You Care For A Bonsai Tree Indoors?
Many Bonsai trees live happily indoors. Among these are tropical species such as the Hawaiian Umbrella and the Ficus Bonsai. Just like Bonsai trees outdoors, you need to monitor indoor Bonsai trees when it comes to the amount of light and water they are getting, their soil, and the surrounding temperature and humidity.
Have a look at this Ficus Bonsai here on Amazon.
Indoor Bonsai trees should be placed in a location that gets plenty of direct sunlight or should be getting at least 10 hours of artificial light. Use humidity trays or daily misting to stay on top of humidity and be well-informed on the temperature requirements of your species of tree.
You can find a decorative humidity tray for your Bonsai here on Amazon.
Wherever your Bonsai has been placed, you should constantly be checking the soil moisture. As we discussed, checking your soil's moisture daily will allow you to know precisely when you should water your indoor tree. Water immersion is excellent for indoor Bonsai, but you can get what you need from overhead watering as well.
Below is a short video on indoor Bonsai care.
Read more on our blog post, "17 Extra Large Indoor Planters That Will Transform Your Home".
How often you water and how much water your Bonsai needs often changes based on the species of tree you have and the environment the Bonsai is living in. You want to check your soil moisture daily to ensure your tree gets enough water but not getting overwatered. Soil moisture can be accurately gauged using a moisture meter, or you can make an educated guess based on the finger test.
Your tree should be getting enough water to soak the roots and to keep the soil consistently moist. We hope you found this article helpful when it comes to watering your own Bonsai. Happy Gardening!
Are you looking for some inspiration when it comes to your landscape? Have a look through our blog post, "30 Moss Garden Ideas That Will Inspire You (Both Indoor And Outdoor)".
Watering the bonsai
Time to water
Proper watering of the bonsai tree is just as important as temperature and sufficient light. Different types of bonsai require different amounts of water. For example, succulents can go longer without water than ligistrum. But the rule for all bonsai for watering is the same: you need to water the tree as the soil dries out, with the exception of succulents, which can be allowed to dry out completely. The need for watering can be determined by touch by the condition of the soil. If it dries out, the plant needs to be watered immediately.
If the soil is firmly attached to the bonsai and can be easily removed from the pot, we can take it out and check for moisture.
Before the next watering of the bonsai, the soil should be slightly dry. If the soil in the pot is sufficiently moist, or if there is constant water in the pot base of a thick-leaved bonsai, the roots of the plant may rot. That part of the roots that survives often cannot fully fulfill its function of nourishing the leaves, and they dry out.
After the soil is completely dry, the plant sheds leaves or they dry up.
This is the natural defense of bonsai, which tries to protect its important organs (dormant buds, roots) and, when favorable conditions come, continue to grow. Subsequent access to efficient light for dormant buds, moderate watering (because fewer leaves evaporate less water), and fertilization will induce new leaf growth within one month. Branches that have dried up and are no longer green, but brown under the bark, will no longer grow, and they must be removed.
If the soil remains wet for a long time, this means that the ability of the roots to receive water is impaired and something has happened to them. Immediately remove such a plant from the pot, check its roots, cut them off and transplant the bonsai into another porous substrate.
It doesn't really matter what time you water your bonsai. Some experts recommend avoiding watering with very cold water after lunch, when the soil is heated by sunlight. The soil will cool very quickly and this can negatively affect the plant. This must be taken into account. But it should always be very clear that it is necessary to water the bonsai regardless of the time, once the soil dries up.
How to water Bonsai
Before watering dry soil, first moisten it well with a sprinkler, and then continue to water with a hose or watering can.
In order for the water to completely wet the soil, we water the plants very slowly and with a small water pressure and intermittently. We water so much that the water would quietly flow out of the drainage holes in the pot. If the soil is too dry, water will flow out of the drainage holes as soon as we start watering, without soaking the plants with moisture. In this case, it is better to immerse the bonsai in a container of water and leave it until the soil is completely wet. It is recommended to periodically (2-3 times a month) use this type of watering for bonsai. But daily soaking of bonsai is not recommended, as nutrients from the soil may be washed out. Since the water that flows out of the drainage slots of the pot can damage the furniture in the house, pot stands are often used. They are always low, not only for aesthetic reasons, but also so that a large amount of water does not remain in the stand and the water never stagnates. Sometimes they use wooden decorative coasters with a plastic pallet into which expanded clay is poured. If you have a small bonsai in a pot of about 0.1 liters in your apartment, it is placed in a dry apartment, it is a good solution to use about 2 liters of wet claydite per stand to maintain humidity. Sometimes young roots seep through drainage holes and grow into expanded clay. It must be remembered that they must be cut before wooding (after 2-5 weeks). If this is not done, these roots become support roots and there will be no young roots left after cutting them.
Watering with the wick is a very convenient method, especially for short breaks or weekends when you can't make sure the plant is watered properly. As a wick, we can use a knitted rope 40 cm long, which is inserted into the drainage slots with a large needle. We fill a waterproof (glazed on both sides) deeper pan with sand or fine expanded clay, place a wick in it and fill the pan halfway with water. But this convenient method of watering can lead to bonsai overflow. Therefore, we recommend using it only in emergency conditions (short vacation). When we dip the wick into a deeper container filled with water or moist peat, the plant can survive without water for up to 3 weeks.
Most indoor bonsai cannot tolerate dry air from central heating, which entails a lack of moisture. For bonsai, the required air humidity is 40-60%, which is also optimal for humans. In winter, it is recommended to place humidifiers or to humidify the air by manual methods.
What kind of water to use for watering bonsai?
Irrigation water should not be too cold. Use room temperature water to water your bonsai. The ideal option is to use water that has stood for several hours, which will allow the water to heat up and also allow the chlorine to evaporate from the water. From the cooled soil, the plant cannot receive either moisture or nutrients. For heat-loving plants, such as ficuses, watering at 40 ° C is favorable. It has been noted that too "heavy" water forms a white coating at the base of the trunk and on the rims of the pot. This is a sign that you need to soften the water. You can boil it and let it cool or add rainwater to the water for irrigation.
How to grow a bonsai tree at home
Nuances of growing
When growing a bonsai tree, some subtleties must be observed:
- the pot must be placed where it will be provided with good lighting, comfortable air temperature, moderate humidity;
- periodically turn the plant in different directions towards the light;
- it is recommended to place the tree low so that you can always observe its condition;
- if you grow a plant in the country, then the flowerpot can be placed on the terrace or specially built slatted racks. At the same time, do not forget about protection from the sun and heat;
- When planting a tree on the site, take care of the wind protection in advance.
Where to plant such trees
When choosing a pot for growing a bonsai tree at home, pay attention to the following nuances:
- it must be frost-resistant, especially if you put the plant in the country;
- drainage holes must be present;
- inside must be unglazed, outside at your discretion;
- The bottom must be able to drain water after watering.
Regular soil is not suitable for growing bonsai: it should be replaced with a special mixture that can be found in a gardening store. Such soil should be rough, absorb moisture well.
To make your own soil, you can mix sand with organic matter in a ratio of 1:1, the volume of the product depends on the chosen pot. As the first ingredient, you can take peat or humus from the leaves. Sand can be selected river or mountain.
Comfortable temperature is an important part of the growth process. If you have chosen a temperate and subtropical tree, then it will need reverent care. A cool temperature is suitable for it, as well as infrequent watering. As for tropical plants, they will do well at room temperature with medium humidity and moderate light.
Choosing a pot
The main feature of this art form is that for growing mini-trees they use containers that prevent further growth of the plant. For this purpose, shallow pots that barely cover the roots are suitable. To prevent mold from forming in the container due to moisture retention, you should take care of the presence of drainage holes in advance.
Even though the size of the pot is limited, it is worth repotting the plant every few years to develop its root system.
It is recommended to feed the tree about twice a month. What should be included in the fertilizer in the first place:
- phosphoric acid.
Watering the tree depends on its type. The basic rule of care is to pour water into the pot when the topsoil is already dry. Also, do not be afraid to “fill in” the plant, because the drainage system will take care of the even distribution of moisture. If your air is too dry, then the leaves can be additionally sprayed from a spray bottle. Water for irrigation should be warm and settled.
The container is recommended to be placed in those parts of the room where there is a lot of light. If your house is dark, then fitolamps can help. In the summer heat, try to avoid direct sunlight on the leaves.
Diseases and pests
Like any plant, mini-trees can suffer from diseases and pests
To prevent these troubles, pay attention to air circulation, moderate watering, comfortable lighting, temperature. If you follow the basic rules of care, the risk of problems is minimized
Bonsai tree - home care
A miniature tree that is an exact replica of the real one, many lovers of exotic plants want to have. Bonsai care is not an easy task, it needs:
- crown shaping and pruning;
- regular watering;
- applying the necessary fertilizers;
- wintering that does not cause harm;
- pest control;
- treatment for diseases.
Shaping the bonsai crown
In order for the bonsai crown to have a certain shape, there are special techniques. The growth of young branches with small leaves is facilitated by regular pruning and pinching of the crown of a bonsai tree; caring for a plant without knowledge of these techniques will be inferior.
Pruning is applied to mature plants in early spring. Large, unevenly growing trees need crown formation. By removing the lateral and upper shoots with a sharp garden knife, you can create the correct shape with which the flower will not fall over and begin to grow evenly. In the summer, it is necessary to re-pruning, removing weak shoots.
Pinching is the removal of growth buds, this is a necessary procedure in order to form a bonsai money tree
A branch on which four leaves have appeared is carefully pinched and then grows branched. This method gives a lush spherical crown, the stem of the plant thickens.
Watering a Bonsai Tree
Caring for a miniature tree is different from caring for ordinary houseplants. Regular watering with melted or well-settled water is important for the growth and proper development of a bonsai bonsai tree. In spring and summer, bonsai needs abundant watering, in winter the amount of liquid must be reduced. There are several options for watering mini-trees:
- with a special watering can;
- by immersing the pot in water;
- using a drip irrigation system.
Like any plant, a bonsai tree needs regular feeding. Every 2-3 weeks dwarf plants need to be fertilized with special mineral compounds
Feeding a living bonsai tree should be done carefully, it does not like excess fertilizer. Depending on the type of plant, it is necessary to correctly select the composition of the mixture for top dressing
The general recommendations of experts regarding the content of useful trace elements are as follows:
- During the spring months, when bonsai is actively growing, it requires more nitrogen-containing fertilizers than those with the addition of potassium and phosphorus.
- In summer, with the same proportions, the amount of mineral mixtures is advised to be halved.
- Before the autumn period, the content of potassium and phosphorus in the fertilizer should be increased, and nitrogen, on the contrary, reduced.
- Fertilizers with a high potassium content are suitable for plants that bloom actively.
Leaving a mini-tree to winter in a room where the plant spent spring and summer is wrong. Both coniferous and deciduous dwarf Japanese bonsai trees need rest in winter. Preparation for wintering should begin in the fall: watering should be gradually reduced, pruning should be limited, and the plant should be taken outside to adapt to cold weather. Cool basements with a stable temperature of at least + 3 ° C are best suited for wintering. Winter bonsai care comes down to the following rules:
- Reduce watering during the winter months to prevent the soil from drying out.
- You can take the bonsai outdoors and be sure to cover it with spruce branches to protect it from frost.
- Ground pits for overwintering dwarf trees are allowed.
How to propagate a bonsai tree?
It is possible to grow an exact copy of an existing bonsai by rooting an offshoot or cutting of an adult tree. This method is effective, and with proper care it is possible to get a small tree in a few years. By protecting the cutting from excessive moisture, drying out of the soil, excessive cold and heat, you can achieve good rooting and further growth of the plant. After the appearance of a developed root system, the plant must be transplanted into a bonsai pot, after pruning the roots and forming a crown.
How to grow bonsai yourself?
Growing a Japanese or Chinese bonsai is easy if you know the secrets of planting and care. First you need to decide how exactly you want to grow a miniature tree: from seeds or from cuttings.
Most bonsai are grown from seeds, as this way it is easier to control the growth process of the plant. However, when grown from cuttings, the tree will grow faster. We offer to compare both options to determine which one is worth choosing.
From a seed
Even a novice gardener can grow a bonsai from a seed. You should know that each type of tree is characterized by a certain type of seed box. The measures that should be taken before laying the seed in the ground depend on this.
Having dealt with the preliminary measures, you can proceed directly to the landing. The algorithm for planting seeds in the ground is as follows:
- Place the seeds prepared for bonsai in a container and fill with cold water, leaving it in this position for several days. This is necessary so that the sprouts pull themselves closer to the shell and begin to crack it from the inside, making the germination process faster.
- After this, the seeds must be treated with a fungicide to protect the roots from diseases and pests.
- Disinfect the soil in which the seeds are to be planted. As for the soil mixture, it is better to use peat and sand mixed in a one to one ratio.
- Fill the pot with the prepared mixture, up to three centimeters from the top. Then the soil is slightly pressed down and the seeds are laid out, which are covered with a layer of sand, which should be at least two centimeters.
- Then water the soil, but do not add too much water. It is enough to make sure that the soil is moist, but without standing water.
- Cover the pot with polyethylene or glass, and then send the container to a place away from sunlight.
- The room temperature is also an important detail. The temperature should not be more than fifteen degrees above zero.
After the seeds have been planted in the ground, they must be carefully monitored. When sprouts appear, the container will need to be opened to provide oxygen to the plants. You should also periodically get rid of weeds, if any.
Growing bonsai from cuttings is not difficult, but you need to choose the right tree for seedlings. Oak is best.
In order to create a bonsai, you need to dig a cutting, the size of which should not exceed fifteen centimeters. And in order for the plant to start, you need to plant it in the same ground in which it grew, so it’s better to take some soil with you from the place where the cutting was dug.
Bonsai seedlings can also be purchased from specialized stores. In this case, success will be guaranteed, and soon the plant will delight with its miniature appearance.
We offer step-by-step instructions for planting a cutting at home:
- To get started, select good planting material in the forest or in a store by choosing a seedling whose height will not exceed fifteen centimeters. Then pick up a wide, shallow container in which you will grow bonsai. Prepare the soil by mixing sand with peat in equal proportions, and a suitable pot, the bottom of which is filled with gravel.
- The next layer is to lay out the soil prepared in advance so that its level does not reach 2-3 centimeters from the edge.
- Then prepare the cuttings for planting by digging them up or cutting them off the tree.
- Leave the cut cuttings in the sun for a few minutes, sprinkled with water.
- Next, cut off all the horizontal branches so that only the vertical trunk with leaves remains, as shown in the photo.
- The prepared sprout should be stuck into the ground to a depth of about two centimeters.
- After planting, the plant should be watered abundantly and the pot should be placed in a well-ventilated area. It is advisable to choose a place where direct sunlight does not fall.
Keep the soil moist for several weeks, but do not fill it with water so that puddles remain. Also, after a few weeks, some cuttings may die without taking root. They need to be removed, and the rest planted in their own pots or left to grow in the original.
How to grow a miniature crassula tree with your own hands?
When working with an adult crassula, you will have to subordinate your ideas to the original size of the plant. By growing a tree from a sprout, you can form the most interesting forms of bonsai.
But in the latter case, you have to wait until the crassula stem becomes lignified.
Choice of container
In order to create a bonsai from a house plant, it is important to choose the right dishes. It is advisable to use a special container - low, but wide, which will limit the space for the root system of the money tree
Mandatory condition - the pot must have drainage holes.
Cactus or succulent soil is best for Crassula soil. The soil mixture should be loose. Light soil perfectly passes air, which is important for the full development of the root mass.
To prevent the soil from washing out of the dishes, cut a few pieces of cellular vinyl mesh, square or rectangular. The size is larger than the bottom of the container. Mesh cells should be smaller than the drainage hole.
Prepare copper wire (7 cm) and make a loop around the edges. Pass the resulting rounding into the drainage hole, securing the mesh. In a similar way, attach a piece of wire to the bottom of the container to fix the succulent.
- Prepare crassula. Clear its root system from the ground.
- Carefully untangle the roots and straighten. For convenience, it is recommended to use a crochet hook.
- Trim the roots of the Crassula so that they fit in the selected container.
- Cut off dead areas and those that are growing down.
- Cut off bare and weak branches of the money tree.
- Cut opposing branches with a concave pruner.
Pour a small amount of soil into the pot. Place the succulent in a bowl, carefully distributing the root system. Pour the rest of the earth into the container and pour it with settled water.
This video shows the pruning of the root system and transplanting the money tree.
Involves choosing a location, finding sources of planting material or buying a finished bonsai.
Before you grow a bonsai at home, you need to think about where to put it.
The choice of location depends on the needs of the particular plant. From the point of view of the philosophy of Buddhism, pinchin needs a separate place (table or cabinet), where only a mini-tree and a stone of a beautiful natural shape will stand.
Some plants cannot be placed indoors. They need space in the garden.
Important! Many trees have a hibernation period, which is best spent in a moderately cool place in the garden. Sources of planting material are very different: seeds, cuttings, finished trees
The sources of planting material are very different: seeds, cuttings, finished trees.
Dwarf bamboo, Benjamin's ficus, pomegranate, Bougainvillea are suitable for growing at home.
It is currently possible to purchase ready-made bonsai. But you still have to learn the intricacies of caring for him, otherwise the pinchin will die in a few days.
Trees growing in the wild can be used as material, especially on swamps, mountain slopes and other unfavorable places. There you can find already formed living miniature plants. They did not receive enough food, they were tormented by bad weather, so their head would not hurt, how to make a bonsai. After all, he is ready.
Stem or root cuttings can be cut as planting material. Shoots are chosen green, flexible, 5-15 cm, with several internodes, so that it is convenient to plant. Coniferous trees are cut in early spring or from mid-summer, hardwoods - from the last decade of May to early July.
Growing bonsai from seeds
You can buy bonsai in a flower shop: this way you immediately get a ready-made tree that has a presentable appearance and a formed crown. But try growing a bonsai from seed. With proper care, almost any seed can germinate and grow into a small tree.
This is a rather lengthy process, but this way you can follow the full vegetation cycle of the plant. In addition, a self-grown bonsai tree carries the energy of its owner, which will bring you as close as possible to the basics of Eastern philosophy dedicated to the creation of bonsai trees.
Creating the right conditions
Do not forget that the climatic factor in the area where you live (especially if the pot with the bonsai tree will be kept on the balcony or terrace) also matters. For central Russia, conifers are the best choice. A miniature tree growing indoors can afford "whims" depending on the humidity and temperature in the room. Therefore, citrus and tropical species, such as lemon, hibiscus, laurel, coffee tree, feel good in the apartment.
If gardening isn't your forte, don't give up on the idea of growing a bonsai tree from seed. Even an ordinary amateur is able to plant and grow, for example, a dwarf ficus. This is one of the most unpretentious indoor plants in principle, so cultivating ficus bonsai is also not difficult.
Preparing the seeds
When preparing the seeds for planting a bonsai tree, schedule the start of the process in the summer. This is the most active time for the growing season, and it is also ideal for picking. If everything is done correctly, by winter the seedlings will not only sprout, but will also get stronger enough. Seeds for growing bonsai trees are best purchased at a specialized store: this is a more expensive option, but the chances of a successful shoot will be higher.
Bonsai seeds must be planted according to the following procedure:
- Seeds must be prepared by placing them in a humid environment. To do this, wet sand is poured into a container (pot) with a flat bottom. Seeds are laid out on it and covered with another layer of moistened sand;
- Wrap the pot in plastic wrap and place in a cool place. It is aged here for about 1 - 1.5 months;
- A pot for planting a bonsai tree is selected with a simple geometric shape. The color of the pot, as a rule, is not bright, so that the beauty of the plant stands out against a neutral background;
- A couple of days before planting, the seeds are removed and placed in a saucer of warm water. This is necessary in order for them to swell. You can speed up the process by filing a little shell. Also, the seeds are necessarily treated with a fungicide;
- The optimum soil mix for miniature trees consists of 2:1 humus and sand. It is also pre-treated by steam disinfection, drying and sieving through a large sieve;
- Wash the pot with potassium permanganate solution. To create a tiny bonsai, a 5 cm high pot is taken, having a wide surface and holes for drainage;
- Pour the prepared potting mix into the drainage layer on the bottom of the pot and compact lightly;
- Seeds are laid out on top, on which a small layer of soil is then placed. Take some earth in a pot. If the seeds are large, the ground layer should be more than twice the diameter of the seed;
- Water the planting. In order to avoid blurring the earth in a pot, it is better to first spray the soil with a spray gun, and not pour water with a jet;
- Cover the pot with cling film or a cut plastic bottle. This is an imitation of a greenhouse;
- The seedling is kept in a bright and warm place (temperature not lower than 20 degrees). Direct sunlight is a negative factor for vegetation, so they should be avoided;
- The planting is regularly sprayed, the condensate is removed, and the film needs to be lifted from time to time so that the plant receives air flow.
Formation of a bonsai tree
To grow a proper bonsai, you need to acquire the necessary skills, abilities and knowledge. This is a very complex art, but, nevertheless, fascinating in its own way and mysterious in an oriental way. Seeds, cuttings and cuttings can be used for planting. Including for their cultivation, wild-growing trees of small sizes are taken, growing in strict conditions of the wild environment. Severe frosts, strong winds and long droughts stop or slow down the growth of the tree. Approximately the same tactics of influence is used in the art of bonsai.
The roots and branches of bonsai trees are pruned according to a special system, and the branches are also twisted and tied with copper wire. Unnecessary buds, shoots and leaves are removed, and the trunks of trees can be pulled back or bent so that they have the shape chosen by the owners. The growth of a bonsai is retarded by the following influences:
Contraction of its roots. The minimum volume of pots. Coarse soil with almost no micronutrients. Lack of essential nitrogenous substances. Wind impact. The impact of heating. Exposure to sudden chilling.
With an excess of light and an insufficient amount of nitrogenous substances in plants in the wild, chlorophyll grains stick together and die. Plants living in swamps with high humidity receive protection from solar excess - they have small leathery leaves and a fairly thick cuticle.
In addition to growth restrictions, bonsai has other rules that relate to the form chosen for the tree. Naturalness and the form corresponding to the rules are the two components of the appearance of a dwarf tree. There are many generally accepted types of bonsai, differing from each other in shape, and sometimes in size. And although, according to the general law, the height of a tree should not exceed thirty centimeters, now experts in this field have begun to grow trees even larger.
The tree species used also affects the overall appearance of the resulting bonsai tree. For example, conifer will be pleasing to the eye all year round, as it does not have leaves that could fall off. Bonsai, characterized by beautiful fruits or flowers, will show itself in all its glory at certain times of the year. There are even species that have the brightest leaf color in autumn.
The purpose is to maintain and correct the shape of the bonsai. Trees will concentrate their growth on the upper and outer parts
It is important to prune these areas regularly to encourage growth closer to the inside of the trunk. Pruning can be carried out during the entire growing season - from March to September
How to prune
You can prune branches and shoots that have outgrown the intended size and do not correspond to the shape of the crown. This is done with scissors or a branch cutter. Don't be afraid to trim your bonsai, especially the outer and upper parts. Regular pruning will cause the tree to spread growth evenly and develop dense foliage.
To prevent this from happening, hold the tip of the appendix between your thumb and forefinger and gently pull it away. The shoot will break at its weakest point and no brown ends will appear. Different types of trees require different care
Some require a combination of both, scissors and hand.
Another radical pruning method is defoliation. This is the removal of leaves during the summer to force it to produce new leaves. This technique results in reduced leaf size and high branching.
Structural bonsai pruning
Large branches need to be pruned to shape the tree.