How often do lemon trees produce fruit


When Does A Lemon Tree Produce Fruit? (3 Things You Need To Know) – greenupside

If you have recently planted lemon trees in your yard, you might not be seeing any fruit on the branches just yet.  In that case, you may be wondering how long it takes for a lemon tree to bear fruit, and if there is anything you can do to help them along.

So, when does a lemon tree produce fruit?  A lemon tree will produce fruit at maturity (3 to 5 years old). You will get fruit sooner by planting an established lemon tree. A lemon will ripen fully after 6 to 9 months. Different lemon varieties produce fruit at different times of the year, although some lemon trees can bear fruit year-round.

Of course, it may take a longer time for your lemon tree to start producing fruit, depending on the variety and the age of the tree when you plant it.

In this article, we’ll take a closer look at lemon trees and when they bear fruit. Then we’ll look at the factors that can affect your harvest, such as fertilization and pruning.

Let’s begin.

When Does A Lemon Tree Produce Fruit?

According to the Clemson University Extension, a lemon tree needs 1 to 3 years to grow out of the “juvenile” stage and become a mature tree.  At that point, the mature tree will start producing good fruit.

According to the University of Georgia Extension, a lemon tree may produce a small amount of fruit in the 2nd or 3rd years. However, this fruit is likely to be poor in quality, due to the young age of the tree.

A lemon tree takes 1 to 3 years to mature to the point where it can produce a decent lemon crop.

As ;lemon trees get older and grow larger, they become more established (more branches, more foliage, and a stronger root system). This allows them to support more fruit.

Remember that you can get fruit sooner if you buy older, more established lemon trees to plant. The only drawback is that you will pay a premium price for these older, more established lemon trees.

For example, FastGrowingTrees. com charges 3 times as much for a 4 to 5 foot tall lemon tree as for a 1 to 2 foot tall lemon tree.

According to the University of Minnesota Extension, lemon trees grown from seed will rarely produce fruit. Keep this in mind if you are thinking of growing a tree from lemon seeds – it can be a fun experiment, but it might not work out the way you are hoping.

How Often Do Lemon Trees Bear Fruit?

According to Texas A&M University, most lemon trees have some fruit on their branches at any given time of the year. The time frame for getting ripe fruit from lemon trees varies by the two main types:

  • Eureka lemons – these produce the most fruit in spring and summer
  • Lisbon lemons – these produce the most fruit in the summer and fall

Don’t get too excited when you see fruit form on a lemon tree – you may be in for a long wait! According to the University of Maryland Extension, lemons take 6 to 9 months to ripen fully.

According to the Old Farmer’s Almanac, there is also the possibility that some lemons will fall off the tree in late spring or early summer. This is sometimes known as “June drop”.

A lemon tree may drop some of its fruit before maturity, sometimes known as “June drop”. This is so that the plant does not produce more fruit than it can support.

This is simply a tree’s way of managing its energy. By dropping fruit, the tree keeps only as much fruit as it can support to maturity.

Think of it this way: instead of growing 200 half-ripe lemons, the tree drops 100 of them and grows the other 100 to full maturity.

Believe it or not, June drop can be a blessing in disguise. When the tree drops fruit it cannot support, that means you won’t have to remove the extra fruit manually (and the tree’s branches are less likely to break due to the weight of extra fruit).

The bottom line is this: don’t panic if some of the fruit falls off your lemon tree before it is fully mature. It is a natural part of the process.

Do Lemon Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?

Lemon trees do not produce fruit every year.  In the first one to three years (and perhaps longer), a lemon tree will be focusing its energy on growth and storage of energy and nutrients.

As mentioned earlier, any lemons you get from the tree in the first year or two are likely to be have poor quality.

A lemon tree may not produce fruit for a couple of years while it focuses energy into growth as it matures.

Keep in mind that problems like frost injury, over pruning, and over fertilization can delay fruiting on a lemon tree by a year or more.

In some cases, you will see what is called “biennial bearing” (also known as uneven bearing or alternate bearing) in your lemon trees.  This means that they will only flower and produce fruit every other year.

Often, this will happen after a year of very heavy fruit production.  Essentially, the tree’s resources are exhausted from using so many nutrients to produce a large harvest.

The tree then takes a “year off” from fruit production to recover its strength. During the off year, the tree gathers energy and nutrients to prepare for fruit production the following year (the “on year”).

How Much Fruit Does A Lemon Tree Produce?

Lemon trees can produce 100 pounds (or more!) of lemons per year when fully mature. The amount of fruit your lemon tree produces will vary by age, variety, location, and quality of care given.

According to Purdue University, 3 boxes of lemons per tree is considered a satisfactory yield in Florida.  On the other hand, a 9-year-old lemon tree in India bore over 3,000 lemons in one year!

A single lemon tree can produce thousands of lemons, although you may not get quite that many from your tree!

According to the University of Florida Extension, a young lemon tree that is around 3 years old can start producing 38 pounds of lemons per year. Mature lemon trees in the 4th year and beyond can produce 100 pounds of fruit per year.

The table below summarizes the fruit product you might expect from a lemon tree at various ages.

Age Of
Lemon
Tree
Expected
Fruit
Production
1 to 2
years
None, or
very few
with poor
quality.
3 years20 to 40
pounds
4 to 5
years
100 pounds
or more
10 years300 pounds
or more
This table summarizes the fruit
yield you might expect for a
lemon tree at various ages.

Do You Need Two Lemon Trees To Get Fruit?

You do not need two lemon trees to get fruit, since lemon trees are self-pollinating.  According to the University of Georgia Extension, citrus trees are self-fruitful (self-polinating) and do not need cross-pollination with trees.

When a plant is self-pollinating, it means that each flower contains both a male and a female part. Pollination occurs when the male part of the flower releases pollen onto the female part of the flower.

However, self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination.  The flowers still need to be pollinated by insects, birds, wind, or you (with an electric toothbrush or some other means).

Lemon trees are self-pollinating, but they still need stimulation from bees or other pollinators to set fruit. You can do the job yourself with an electric toothbrush!

This is especially important if you are growing lemon trees (such as dwarf lemon trees) indoors.  Be sure to use an electric toothbrush, paintbrush, or other tool to stimulate pollination of the flowers on your lemon tree.

It is as simple as turning on the electric toothbrush and touching the end to each flower on the lemon tree. You can repeat this process multiple times per day to increase the chances of fruit set.

Why Is My Lemon Tree Not Producing Lemons (No Fruit)?

As mentioned earlier, a lemon tree may not produce any fruit in its first few years. Even a tree that is mature may not produce fruit for several reasons, including:

  • biennial bearing – if a mature lemon tree is in its “off year”, it may not produce much or any fruit (this is more likely if you had a big lemon harvest last year).
  • frost damage – if the flowers on a mature lemon tree were damaged by a late spring frost, the tree might not be able to produce any fruit this year.
The wrong environmental conditions could delay fruit production on your lemon trees by a year or more.

To get your lemon trees to produce fruit, you will have to give them the proper care. Some of the most important factors that affect fruit growth on lemon trees are:

  • temperature
  • watering
  • fertilizing
  • pruning
  • spacing

Getting even one of these factors wrong can harm your lemon tree or delay fruit production for a year or more.

Temperature For Lemon Trees

Most lemon trees will grow fine outdoors in Zones 9 and 10.  If you grow lemon trees in colder climates, you will need to keep them indoors for part of the year to protect them from cold.

According to the University of Wisconsin-Madison, the temperature should be consistently above 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) before moving a lemon tree outdoors.

However, an unexpected frost may not necessarily be the end of your lemon tree.  For instance, according to Penn State University, Meyer lemons are cold hardy to 22 degrees Fahrenheit (-5.6 degrees Celsius).

Some lemon trees are cold hardy and can survive temperatures below freezing.

Your best bet is to be prepared to bring your lemon trees inside if there is any danger of freezing temperatures. If you can’t bring the tree inside, use a frost blanket to provide at least some protection from the cold.

Another possibility is to drape row covers around your lemon trees to protect them from cold. You can learn more about row covers in my article here.

Keeping the soil around the lemon tree moist will slow down the loss of heat from the ground during cold weather. This will at least help to protect the roots of the plant from cold.

Watering For Lemon Trees

Avoid letting the soil get too dry for too long, especially if you have young lemon trees.  If you have a problem with dry soil, check out my article on preventing dry soil.

Keep the soil moist, but not wet, for your lemon tree.

According to the University of Arizona, lemon trees without enough water will start to produce smaller fruit. Then, the leaves will turn dull green and the edges will curl inward, as will many plant under drought stress.

If the lack of water is severe enough, the lemon tree will drop flowers and fruit. The University of Arizona suggests watering citrus trees every 7 to 28 days with deep watering, rather than watering shallowly and often.

Although drought is a problem for lemon trees, soil that is too wet can also cause problems.   Over watering can spell death for your lemon tree, due to root rot or fungal diseases.

If necessary, you can plant your lemon tree on a mound to assist with drainage.  For more information, check out my article on over watering.

Fertilizing For Lemon Trees

According to Texas A&M University, compost and mulch is not necessary for a lemon tree if the soil is already good.

However, it may be necessary to use fertilizers as a supplement, in order to provide extra nutrients if the soil is lacking. A soil test is the best way to tell if you need fertilizer.

For more information, check out my article on soil testing.

If a soil test indicates that fertilizer is necessary, than you can use a low-concentration fertilizer. Penn State University recommends using a 2-1-1 fertilizer during the lemon tree’s active growing season.

Remember that it is possible to harm or kill your lemon trees by over fertilizing them.  For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your lemon tree from producing any fruit.

When using fertilizer for lemon trees, use a weak fertilizer, and don’t apply too much all at once.

For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.

Pruning For Lemon Trees

Pruning lemon trees is usually not necessary, except in the case of damage from winter cold and storms.

For more information, check out this article from Texas A&M University.

Spacing For Lemon Trees

Lemon trees should be spaced 12 to 25 feet apart (for dwarf citrus trees, leave 6 to 10 feet between trees).

Of course, you can adjust the space between trees depending on the width, which you can find in the description in the nursery catalog.

Leaving enough space between trees is crucial to prevent competition for water and resources.  This extra space also gives you room to tend your trees as needed.

Leave enough space between lemon trees to prevent competition between neighboring trees.

For more information, check out this article on lemon trees from the Old Farmer’s Almanac.

What Kind Of Lemon Tree Should I Buy?

When selecting a lemon tree, make sure to choose one that you can grow in your climate!  For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness map to see what zone you are in.

Here are some different varieties of lemon trees that you might want to try:

  • Eureka Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 9 to 11, and produces medium golden-yellow fruit that matures year-round.  The mature tree is 12 to 20 feet tall and 6 to 10 feet wide.  For more information, check out the Eureka Lemon on the Park Seed website.
  • Genoa Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 9 to 10, and produces medium yellow fruit that matures year-round.  The mature tree is 8 to 12 feet tall and 4 to 6 feet wide, and grows in a shrub form.  For more information, check out the Genoa Lemon on the Nature Hills website.
  • Lisbon Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 9 to 10, and produces medium yellow fruit that matures year-round.   The mature tree is 10 to 15 feet tall and 4 to 6 feet wide.  For more information, check out the Lisbon Lemon on the Nature Hills website.
  • Meyer Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 9 to 10, and produces medium yellow fruit that matures in late summer through winter.  The mature tree is 8 to 10 feet tall and 3 to 5 feet wide.  The tree will bear fruit in 1 to 2 years.  For more information, check out the Meyer Lemon on the Stark Brothers website.
  • New Zealand Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 8 to 10, and produces sweet yellow fruit.  The mature tree is 8 to 12 feet tall and 5 to 10 feet wide.  For more information, check out the New Zealand Lemon on the Nature Hills website.
  • Variegated Pink Lemon – this tree grows in Zones 9 to 11, and produces fruit that is yellow with green stripes on the outside and pink flesh inside!  It is prized for decoration more so than fruit quality.  The mature tree is 15 to 18 feet tall and 4 to 5 feet wide.   For more information, check out the Variegated Pink Lemon on the Nature Hills website.

The following table summarizes 6 lemon tree varieties, their cold hardiness zones, and their sizes.

Lemon
Variety
USDA
Zones
Tree
Size
(feet)
Eureka9 to 1112-20 tall
6-10 wide
Genoa9 to 108-12 tall
4-6 wide
Lisbon9 to 1010-15 tall
4-6 wide
Meyer9 to 108-10 tall
3-5 wide
New
Zealand
8 to 108-12 tall
5-10 wide
Variegated
Pink
9 to 1115-18 tall
4-5 wide
This table summarizes 6 lemon tree varieties,
their cold hardiness zones, and their sizes.

How Long Do Lemon Trees Live?

Lemon trees can live for decades. However, they may stop producing fruit before the end of their lives.

You will need to decide when it is time to retire an old lemon tree and replace it with a new one that can produce fruit.

Conclusion

Now you have a good idea of when lemon trees are mature enough to produce fruit, how long it takes for lemon trees to bear fruit, and what time of year to expect fruit.  You also know a bit more about how to take care of lemon trees and how to avoid the problems that can affect your harvest.

I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone who can use the information.

If you are interested in growing citrus trees, then you should also check out my article on growing lime trees.

You can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here.

If you want to read some of my most popular posts, check out the “Best of GreenUpSide” page here.   Enjoy!

~Jonathon

At what age do lemon trees start fruiting?

So you are a proud new lemon tree owner. You’ve committed to taking care of this spindly, leafy specimen with the hope that it will grow and one day bear delicious and vibrant fruit for you to harvest and enjoy. But how long will that take?

The bright and juicy fruit that a lemon tree yields is uncontestably the best part of growing a lemon tree. Prized for their tart flavor that enhances a broad variety of recipes in the kitchen, lemons tend to be a favorite fruit grown by culinary dabblers and aficionados alike. Growing lemons, like any other plant, takes time and patience, however, as a lemon tree needs to mature before it will begin to bear fruit.

If you have a new lemon tree, or are considering acquiring one, you may be curious just how long it will take before you will be able to enjoy fruit from your tree.

When do lemon trees produce fruit?

A healthy lemon tree will begin to bear fruit in between 3 and 5 years of age, and continue to do so until its death.

It takes a lemon tree about 3 to 5 years for it to reach a reproductive maturity that results in fruit production. Although this may seem like a while, it is worth the wait, and your tree will reward you with bountiful harvests of vibrant and tart fruit for you to enjoy, year after year.

However, if you have not yet purchased your lemon tree and think you might not have the patience needed to wait for fruit production, consider sourcing one that is more established and already a few years of age. Many lemon trees sold in nurseries that are between 2 and 3 feet high are likely nearing or already of fruit bearing age, and may even have fruit on them already.

During which seasons do lemon trees bear fruit?

Lemon trees are considered everbearing, so given favorable environmental circumstances and proper care, a lemon tree will produce fruit year-round. However, depending on your variety, you may find that your lemon tree is much higher yielding during the winter and spring, with more sporadic fruits continuing to develop throughout the summer and fall. Eureka and Lisbon lemons have a seasonality that is partial to producing in the winter and spring, while the Meyer variety is more of a true everbearing species.

How much fruit can I expect my lemon tree to bear?

The amount of fruit you can expect your lemon tree to bear depends in part on whether or not you’ve chosen to plant it in ground, or keep it in a container. Read on to find out what kinds of yields you can expect with each method.

In-Ground Lemon Trees

 

If your lemon tree is planted outdoors, when it first begins to fruit at around age 3, you can expect it to bear around 40 lbs or fruit that year, if it is healthy and thriving. As it grows, a lemon tree’s yield will increase with each year, until it reaches full maturity at about 5 or 6 yrs old. At that point, you can look forward to a healthy and happy lemon tree producing over 200 lbs of fruit each year. That’s more than 800 lemons! (And lemonade for days!)

 

Container Grown Lemon Trees

 

If you are growing your lemon tree in a container, expect the yield to be slightly less, as growing your lemon tree in a container limits both its canopy and root support system. At full maturity, a potted lemon tree can be expected to yield around half the amount of its outdoor counterpart, or about 80-100 lbs of fruit per year. That is still over 300 lemons per year!

When are lemons ready to pick?

For an individual lemon to grow from a blossom into a ripe, juicy, and ready-to-pick lemon can take anywhere from 5 months to a year. The variance in time can be explained by varietal variance, climatic variance, and water availability, or a combination thereof. The more optimal the environmental conditions are for the lemon tree, the sooner the fruit will reach ripeness, however expect that the process will still take several months.

As a lemon grows, it remains green for a majority of the process. A lemon is ready to pick from the tree once the green hue transforms into a full and rich yellow coloring. To pick the lemon, just twist and pull the fruit away from the tree. If the lemon is ripe, it should separate from the tree fairly easily, and is ready to be enjoyed.

While the temptation can be significant, it is important that you employ patience and refrain from picking your lemons from the tree too early, as a lemon reaches its optimal and sweetest flavor while ripening on the tree. If you pick your lemons even just a few days too early, they will likely reach ripeness if kept at room temperature on the counter, but their flavor may still be compromised. If you pick your lemons over week too early, the lemons may not reach ripeness before they start to dry and spoil.

Is a lemon tree ever too old to bear fruit?

A lemon tree is never too old to bear fruit. Once a lemon tree begins bearing fruit, as long as conditions are favorable and the tree remains healthy, it will continue to bear fruit until its death. The lifespan of an average, healthy lemon tree is approximately 50 years, however particularly hardy and healthy trees have been known to live for as long as 100 years. With proper care, your lemon tree will produce fruit for you for you to enjoy for many years to come. With a little TLC, your lemon tree could even outlive you!

Related Topics:
  1. Hand Pollinating an Indoor Lemon Tree: Is It Necessary and How to Do It
  2. How to Fertilize a Lemon Tree
  3. How often should I water my potted lemon tree?

When lemons start to bear fruit at home

Growing lemons indoors is easier than you think. The tree decorates the house and once a year gives its owner fragrant yellow fruits. The flowering and fruiting of citrus fruits depends on many factors, including growing conditions, care and varietal characteristics. Learn more about when lemons ripen at home and what to do if you don't have a crop.

Features of flowering and fruiting of lemon at home

Lemon flowers are beautiful and short-lived, about seven days. During this time, it forms an inflorescence consisting of 5 or more flowers. Formed in the axils of the leaves near the point of growth of the branch.

Pearly white flowers with bright yellow stamens and pistils. The shape of the petals is oval, and the number of petals varies depending on the variety.

Lemons first bear fruit in spring, from late April to mid-May. It will then bloom again after two months, and some varieties will bloom throughout the year.

The process is divided into several steps.

  • Lemon sheds flower stalks.
  • Forms 1-6 buds.
  • Will open in a few days.
  • Petals fall off after 7 days.
  • Then, instead of flowers, ovaries are formed.

Homemade lemons bear fruit all year round, so the same tree produces mature fruits, young ovaries, buds and flowers. The first fruits appear 3-5 years after planting. Ripening time varies depending on the light, humidity, variety and age of the tree. During the fruiting period, stop watering and top dressing.

Note Lemons ripen 1-2 months earlier in summer than in spring. Experienced gardeners regulate the time of flowering and fruiting by temporarily drying the trees.

Why indoor lemon does not bear fruit

Poor fruit set has several reasons. One of them is improper care. Homemade lemons need to be watered repeatedly by pouring water on the roots or pouring lukewarm water from a spray bottle. The room where lemons are grown is always ventilated, but poorly ventilated. Don't move trees. Choose a bright and airy place. If you move a tree, not only will it not bear fruit, but it will also lose its leaves.

Poor fruit set can also be caused by micronutrient deficiencies, especially manganese and boron. Due to lack of nutrition, the buds will fall off and will not bear fruit. In this case, a citrus fertilizer such as Bona Forte or Fertica is a good choice.

Diseases and pests are also one of the causes of poor flowering and fruit set. Homemade lemons can be affected by late blight, thrips, spider mites and soot. Remove diseased or damaged areas, and spray the tree itself with phytobalm or actellik.

How to make lemons bloom and bear fruit

Many beginner gardeners wonder how to make lemons blossom and bear fruit. Basically, all you have to do is follow the growing conditions and take care of them properly.

optimal conditions

Plant in a pot with drainage holes. When planting, remember that the root system grows and needs space. The soil must be nutritious and free from foreign microorganisms (larvae, bacteria and other pathogens). To do this, the soil should be hardened in the freezer. Citrus fruits often get sick if the soil acidity is low.

Requires at least 12 hours of sunlight. Use for lighting not only direct sunlight, but also LED lights and fitolamps. Place the lemon pot on a south or southeast window sill. Keep the growing area airtight.

Note. The optimum temperature for flowering and fruiting of lemons is from +18°C to +22°C, humidity 80-85%. The air in your home should always be fresh and humid.

how to grow lemons

It is advisable to cut lemons for fruiting. Especially if it is not from seedlings, but from seeds. With proper cuttings, the first crop can be obtained in three years. The vaccination is done with active sap flow, the Meyer variety is used, which is distinguished by beautiful fruits and early ripening. Experts use the eye grafting method and use healthy, mature citrus seedlings as rootstocks.

The second way to get juice from a lemon is to give it a mineral complex. Nutrient deficiencies can be the cause of fruit deficiency. OrganicMix or Zdrazen are good fertilizers. Contains nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus, which promotes flowering and improves the appearance of the plant.

How long does a lemon ripen at home

The ripening period depends on the variety. However, in many cases, it takes 6-8 months from flowering to fruiting.

With proper care, lemon trees can bloom and bear fruit for over 40 years. The main thing is to create the right conditions and care.

How to know when to pick a lemon:

  1. Homemade lemons are picked when one side turns yellow.
  2. Carefully remove the fruit from the tree and set aside in a warm place. Wait until the second side turns yellow. Otherwise, the weight of the fruit may cause the branch to break.

Many people harvest lemons 6-8 months after flowering. If left on a branch, the fruit loses its juiciness and the skin becomes rough.

Conclusion

To know when a lemon is fully ripe, look at the start of flowering. White flowers bloom on the tree, but they fall off after about a week. Ripe fruits are removed from the tree after 6 months.

If the plant does not flower or bear fruit, determine the cause. Diseases and pests, lack of water and fertilizers, unsuitable soil, etc. In order for lemon trees to bear fruit steadily, they are fertilized with citrus fruits, watered and sprayed once a week and protected from diseases.

Growing lemons at home is a firm favorite among flower growers. Often begins with a simple flowerpot from which seedlings are grown. If the first experience is successful, many will want to try the lemon variety, from which you can collect large and tasty fruits.

Jubilee variety is ideal for the first lemons. Fast fruiting, large fruits, high yield and resistance to many harmful factors that affect other citrus fruits. Care is relatively simple, but there are nuances and features.

What kind of lemon is this

The Yubileiny variety is a feat of Soviet breeders. It was developed in Soviet times by the Uzbek agronomist Zainidin Fakhrutdinov.

The origin of this breed is very unusual. A hybrid tree of Tashkent and Novogrudok lemons, on one of the branches of which large knobby lemons with oversized leaves now grow. From the cuttings of these branches, trees are obtained that retain their features.

Interestingly, the characteristic of Jubili Lemon is similar to that of Ponderosa Lemon. It appears that there is still some debate as to whether jubilee is a true variety or just a clone of American citrus.

Main function

Jubili Lemon is often grown at home. Recommended for beginners in citrus cultivation. This variety is characterized by its excellent characteristics and can be supported without hesitation.

Explanation of Juvilly Lemon.

  1. Crown reserves are relatively well developed, and the height is up to 1.5 m. The crown is good o-shaped without scattering. The branches are strong and strong yet flexible. It is covered with large and small spines. The crown is tight.
  2. This is a leaf. Large elliptical bright green leaves and smooth edges. The texture is thick and glossy. The leaf is firmly on a short petiole. It has a rich citrus aroma.
  3. Rich in flowering. The flowers are almost all leaves. As a result, this often hinders corona development. The inside of the flower is white and there are pale pink spots on the outside. Opalescent. It is not pollinated by other varieties, but is easily pollinated by other varieties.
  4. Fruit. Fast story. After landing, he will be released in two months as soon as possible. Fruit is not easy to mature.
  5. This is a fruit. Large grain and pale yellow. The weight of one fruit is 200-800 g. The peel is thick and has a wonderful bumpy texture. Lemon has a sour taste without bitterness. Its taste is intense.
  6. You can carry this. high. Thick leather prevents damage during transport.

Resisting Negative Effects

Growing Jubilee Lemon is not difficult even for gardening beginners. Because it is strong in various influences.

  1. drought. Lemon is fine if the humidity is low, but be sure to water it.
  2. Jubilee, which is resistant to lack of light, unlike other lemons, the leaves do not turn yellow and fall off even if the light is insufficient, but the leaves are quite large. Thus, plants compensate for the lack of light.
  3. I don't have time to rest in winter. Jubilee grows well in winter without lowering room temperature. You don't need to be idle.

Lemon is not unrelated to illness, but if you don't care, you are unlikely to get sick.

Growing in the natural environment and at home

Outdoors, Jubilly reaches a height of 1.5 m. These are not the highest values ​​of a lemon. For this reason, it is considered a breed that is poorly bred.

At home it is rarely 1 m or more. The crown is dense but does not spread.

Cold resistance is quite high and can be grown outdoors in the Caucasus region and Abukhazia. It can withstand cold down to a short period of -10°C.

At home, you need a higher ground temperature. It is necessary to make the heat-insulating material of the pot.

Potted jubilee also brings fruit as rich as growing an open field. This is different from many other varieties.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Anniversary has become very popular. This is based on numerous benefits.

This variety also has disadvantages.

  • Need to control the number of colors.
  • Request soil temperature.
  • Lack of immunity to Ibusia and viral diseases.

Propagation and planting of Jubilee

Despite the seeds of facial fruits, the production method is not suitable. The seeds create a dodder without varieties.

The most common breeding method for Juville is cutting. According to this technology, the cuttings will quickly take root.

Planting material is cut from trees that were already fruitful. Pick a fun branch in a year. Choose a healthy annual branch, cut 8-15 cm from the branch and cut it off. Leave three or more buds in the cut. Coat the part cut with the mother with horticultural varnish.

Remove the leaves, except for the leaves left in the cutting. Then soak in a light pink manganese solution. This can prevent infection in the root pot. After disinfection, immerse the flower labor in the rhizome for 6-12 hours to promote growth.

Once the planting material is ready, start preparing the container and soil. In the case of lemon, choose a loose and fertile soil, but do not use peaty soil.

Buy dedicated citrus soil or make your own. Use sand, black soil and humus equally. Put a cup of ashes in a bucket mixed with soil.

IMPORTANT: Anniversary cutting cannot be rooted underwater.

For root cuttings, a container from 0.2 to 0.5 liters is suitable for a base with a drainage hole at the bottom. It is convenient to use the top of the slit bottle as a greenhouse and the bottom as a pot.

In addition, drainage is also required. Shells, cracked bricks, inflated clay pebbles, and small crushed stones are commonly used.

We disinfect containers, drains and soil. To do this, use a thick pink solution of manganese or a mixture of 1 tablespoon of sulfate and 10 liters of water.

After completion of landing preparations.

  1. Spread the drill on the bottom of the container and put the soil in the remaining volume. Play at room temperature on soil.
  2. Cut out 1/2 leaves from cuttings. This is to suppress the evaporation of water.
  3. Drive the branches into the soil about 3 cm and rooted. Add water with water or heterooxy.
  4. Put the cut bottle or bag into the container.
  5. Plants are ventilated for about 15 minutes every day. Take out the bag or take out the bottle cap.
  6. Give seedlings water every day. Also, spray warm water on the branches.

Lemon root occurs about a month after planting. This is indicated by the formed sprouts. When the plants are established, increase the ventilation time. After a week, the greenhouse is removed.

When the seedlings are full of old containers, transplant them into a new container.

Cultivation Technology

Jubilee is said to be an unpretentious care, but it still has a characteristic. When growing indoor plants, this must be taken into account. If you are not properly cared for, you may get sick or have pests.

optimal conditions

In order to grow lemons quickly and correctly, it is important to prepare an optimal growing environment.

The conditions of the Jubilee do not change much.

  1. Anniversary humidity can withstand dry air, but we recommend keeping the room humidity below 70%. During the warm season, spray warm water every morning or evening. If you are heating indoors in winter, spray on wood. In addition, it is recommended to place a container or humidifier with water nearby.
  2. Lemon tree lighting located on the east or west window. Here you can get the optimal amount of light throughout the day. If you place a lemon tree near the south side of a window, you need to be in the shade when the sun is at its strongest. On the north window, the lemon will feel uncomfortable. No additional light is needed if the lemon is dormant, especially if the lemon is dormant. In the case of growing in cold regions, a fitlan lamp is required.
  3. Temperature Jubilee's optimal temperature range is 18-26°C. During flowering, if you raise it to 21°C or higher, you're unlikely to reach the fruit, so it's best to avoid it.

To renew the tree in winter, you need to lower the temperature to 10-14°C. In the case of an anniversary, you do not need to do this.

Please note. It is said that the lemon, which has lived in winter, grows quickly and has many fruits in the warm season.

Kealleur

With regular care, there will be no problem with this lemon variety.

Basic rules and habits posted.

  1. Water. When the soil is dry, give lemon water with warm water that does not contain chlorine. Water in the hot summer every day and in other seasons every day. If the tree is dormant in the winter, reduce the frequency of watering once a week. I use soil water in the morning and evening.
  2. Warm the potty. Anniversaries are heavy at earth's temperature. Wrap it with insulation and knitting so it doesn't go overboard in summer and winter. Be careful especially when you put lemon in your garden in summer.
  3. loosen. Get soil every time you water it. This is necessary to destroy the bark of the soil, which causes air to reach the root and causes root rot.
  4. Give fertilizer. The lemon has a big fruit. Floral and fruit often exist at the same time. You must give fertilizer frequently. Fertilizers alternately provide minerals and organic compounds once a week.
  5. Perform transplant. Up to 3 years, the lemon is transplanted every year. Take it out of the container with the soil stake. Remove only the top layer of soil (2 cm) and drainage. Drain well into a large pot and place the trees with the root pot. Place the soil in the empty space and step on it. Give plant water.
  6. Overflow. Propagation is performed once every two to three years, as soon as fruit begins. To do this, give plenty of water to the soil before processing. The tree is removed with the people with efforts. Most of the soil is discarded. Remove rotten roots and dry roots. Put the drain and soil in a new large pot. The lemon graft is carefully stretched and straightened so that the root neck does not sink into the immersion.
  7. Replace soil. If the lemon size reaches the desired maximum, stop transplanting. Now you can only remove the top soil. Pour the lemon into the shower until clear water comes out of the drain hole. Then move on from the old soil to the new soil.
  8. Blooming lemon trees bloom several times a year. If it blooms 1 to 2D after planting, cut off the flower. If it's blooming too much, cut out some of the flower order so it doesn't get in the way of the sprouts and fruit.
  9. Fruit. Cut back when trees are covered earlier than the third day after planting.
  10. Clean once a week, wipe the leaves with a damp cloth. To prevent disease and pests, give the tree a shower every week and cover the soil with plastic bags.
  11. Formation. When the height of the strain reaches 30 cm, trim the top growth point. Short shots up to 15 cm.
  12. Sanitary pruning. In autumn, remove all dry and weak branches.

Problems and how to deal with it

Diseases and pests rarely attack domestic lemon trees. However, this can happen if you don't take proper care of it.

A typical one is shown below.

  1. Chlorosis. The leaves are pale and the bright leaf veins shine well. Over time, green falls. This is a disease that attacks the lemon when chlorine is excessive. To solve this problem, add a fertilizer containing iron to the soil.
  2. Spider mites and spider mites are more common than other homes when humidity is low. Drink saloon juice and die. Recognized by cobwebs at an early stage of the leaf plate. To get rid of pests, wash the tree in the shower and spray with soap and pesticides.
  3. Flowers do not bloom. This may be due to nutritional deficiencies and inappropriate casting. One way to make lemon blooming flowers is to eliminate the negative factors above and arrange them so they can get through the cold winter.

Harvest and use

When the fruit turns yellow, it's time to harvest. However, green fruits are also effective and flavorful. In this case, it has a stronger sour taste.

Fruit is used raw or as a second course, first course, dessert and beverage additives.

Conclusion

Jubili Lemon is one of the less demanding citrus varieties. It can be easily transferred without cold waves, insufficient light, dry air and cold winter. This plant generously accepts rejection from beginners.

It has a sober, large and fragrant fruit. Even in potted plants, they bear fruit, just like outdoors. This is the biggest advantage.

Pruning a homemade lemon is an important step in growing. It depends on how correct and timely, such as the development of trees, charm, flowering time and fruit, the risk of disease and pests.

This treatment has various purposes. To form a beautifully prepared crown, to remove disease buds and weak buds, to collect planted materials, to promote the formation of new branches. Let's take a look at the method and timing of pruning a lemon.

Is it necessary to prune indoor lemons

Lemon trees must be pruned. If you don't trim, you won't be fruity and hurt.

Main purpose of pruning:

  1. To improve the charm of indoor houseplants. Without pruning, the lemon stretches and has almost no branches or weak buds. Plants don't seem to be supported anyway. When pruned, any shape can make a beautiful crown and improve the aesthetics of a lemon. If you don't cherish in a timely manner and remove unnecessary branches, the lemon will waste energy to expand existing buds without throwing away new buds. Soro k-Six branches (fruit) may not appear at all. A tree with thicker crowns looks for a lot of energy in greenery, grows small and carefree fruits, or sheds ovaries completely.
  2. Prevents diseases and pests. If the crown grows too much, ventilation will deteriorate. This provides an optimal environment for fungal infection. Bacteria and pests often establish themselves in damaged or weak shoots, so they must be removed.
  3. Rejuvenation. Pruning prolongs the life and fruiting of old trees.
  4. improve fruit taste; Pruning lemons at home is effective in fruit set. This can improve fruit quality and increase fruit size. In shaded crowns, the berries are small and sour. If you shape the lemon so that the green part receives enough sunlight, the lemon will store more sugar and become bigger and juicier.

Pruning dates

Citrus fruits should be pruned once a year. The first pruning should be done in the first year of life, when the stems reach a height of 20 cm.

Many gardeners find the best time to prune lemons is the first half of March in the spring. Usually this is done before flowering, but indoor plants at home, lemons can bloom at this time. Spring work allows plants to adapt faster, be less stressed and produce new shoots faster.

Some growers prefer to prune in the winter after the berries have been picked. This is usually done in February, before the juice is released. If it is at rest (does not bear fruit, stands in a cool room), pruning is not recommended.

Attention! There is an opinion that lemons can change shape all year round. However, experienced gardeners do not recommend summer treatments. I think February-March is the best season.

Autumn pruning is also acceptable. In this case, the work will be carried out from the end of October to November. Many lovers of exotic plants in the fall prefer to hygienically remove weakened or damaged shoots, rather than form them.

When unscheduled pruning is required

Citrus trees are pruned once a year. If the amount of thinning increases, the stock will be damaged.

The younger the tree, the higher the risk of death from frequent pruning.

In some cases pruning more than once a year is justified. They are:

  1. The disease is rampant. Quick action is required to save the factory. If possible, diseased shoots should be removed to reduce the risk of infecting healthy branches.
  2. Severe pest infestation. The moth-eaten parts are completely removed. The branches are eaten by insects and are damaged when tension is lost. Such signs indicate improper care or illness. Often the only way to save citrus fruits is to remove dead branches and replant lemons.

Shaping

Lemon shaping is an important step. Not only the appearance of the plant, but also the setting of fruits depends on the correct procedure.

citrus pruning

To get the right shape of a lemon, it is important to know what the branches of a lemon look like.

This way you will know which buds to remove and which to keep.

  1. In the first year, only one shoot grows, which is called a stem or trunk. The lowest buds form branches that serve as forests.
  2. Shoots of the first order form branches on the trunk. This happens when the plants are one year old. Of these, 4-5 branches remain.
  3. Secondary branches form on primary shoots. A kidney of the 3rd order is formed on it. Then the 4th order, the 5th order, and so on, sprouts appear one after another.
  4. Fruits are formed from shoots of the 4th order.

It is believed that the branches of the new order will grow every year.

basic rule

Lemons must be formed according to certain rules.

  1. It is important to start pruning from the first shoots. This encourages the formation of new branches.
  2. It is important that several buds appear at once. If some shoots do not appear, the extra branches should be cut off.
  3. Cover with a piece of garden skull. It can prevent disease and pest infection.
  4. Flat crown - best for potted citrus.
  5. Remove inner branches or bend outwards. It's a good idea to point to the window frame. The branches should be out, sideways and up.
  6. When the crown becomes the size of the window frame, select the growth point. Otherwise, the plants will not get enough light.
  7. Do not reduce the stock for the first time until the height of the zero shoot is 20 cm.
  8. Excess buds completely removed to keep the stump from going away. Choose as close to the stem as possible.
  9. Pruning desired branches to optimal length (usually after 5 to 7 labs have been formed). As a result, the branches stop growing at the appropriate length.

Step by step

Even beginners in citrus cultivation will be able to handle the formations.

Basic content e-follow the instructions on the e-step.

  1. Please pinch when the zero shoot is 15-20 cm. After that, the growing point is removed. 2-4 Live buds should remain on the stem.
  2. Razrast grows from buds on a stem. It's bent in the other direction. When the length of the branch reaches 20-30 cm, pruning.
  3. The correction in the second order will be pierced at a height of 20 to 25 cm in relation to the other side. If the branch is facing the inside of the crown, it must be completely removed. If you have fewer shots, pull straight.
  4. The third and fourth are cut in the same way. New buds should be about 5 cm shorter than the previous bud.
  5. No more branches after the fourth shot. Only cropping support.

Lemon pinch

Pruning does not completely remove branches, but is different from pruning that removes the growing point that spreads. Thin branches are scissors, and thick branches are cut with seken.

Trimming must shorten shot length by 1/3 or more. This encourages the growth of side branches. Pruning should slightly reduce the green lump.

Important: sharpen tools before cutting and disinfecting with alcohol or dark pink manganese solution.

What is the correct method for pruning a lemon? Use scissors and SECEN to cut off the top of the shoot with a 2-3 cm growing point. Usually the soft part with 1-2 leaves is removed. The cut part is processed with a garden cranial tongue.

Pruning and fruiting

Don't expect to bloom immediately after pruning. The crown is already well branched, but there are no fruiting branches and the stress is not ready to bloom.

Only after the formation of quadruple branches are the first flowering and fruits possible. If you can do that, the flowers don't usually bloom, so they will be fruits in the fifth year.

If the number of flowers and ovaries is large, the citrus fruits will be smaller and the taste will deteriorate. In this case, if you throw away all the fruit, or if you do too much, you often lose fruit in the next year.

Up to four large and strong flowers left in one shot. Select the remaining ovaries and flowers. In particular, small specimens and deformed specimens increase this trend. A branch with a lot of small flowers can be cut completely. The same is true for sprouts that have many weak ovaries.

In the first year, most of the ovaries are removed and only 2-3 fruits remain. The following year, the number of ovaries increases with several fruits. After that, continue as described above.

If these conditions are equal, the citrus fruits will be big and tasty, and the trees will not be discarded. The Lemon has enough trees to develop a moderate number of ovaries.

Rejuvenation pruning

Rejuvenation pruning is carried out in old trees where the growth of young modest shoots grows less. Here most of the branches are cut off. As a result, the tree begins to sprout vigorously.

It may not be fruity for a few years, but then the fruit will come back. The life of the lemon tree is spreading.

Pruning pruning is mainly for 3 or more tall branches. Do not touch the second and tertiary skeletal shoots. Cut only the branches of a dry frame.

All branches after the fifth and subsequent and subsequent branches are all cut. Cut to the base of the trunk and do not leave a stump. Polish the cutout with Emerry Paper and apply Gardennis.

Remove all dried and weak old branches 4 or less. In addition, disabled and disabled parts are sealed. Also remove branches extending inside the crown.

Attention after trimming, it will be bald. However, sprout growth can be quickly restored.

After pruning, it is important to add fertilizer to promote green growth. It is advisable to use high nitrogen composite fertilizers.

Sanitary pruning

Pruning is necessary for growing lemons. You can avoid disease and pests. Check the trees ahead of time to check if there are any signs of an intrusion.

Remove damaged or broken branches. Cut off branches with broken bark. If the branches show signs of propagation, refer to them. Remove the terrible part.

After pruning, maintenance and spraying is done with a solution that adds 1 teaspoon of copper sulfate to 3 liters of water.

Cutting cuttings for propagation

There is no need to specially cut lemon cuttings. Planting and grafted materials are also collected during formation. Branches to be cut are waiting to a length of 3 to 4 buds in each piece.

Additional sprouts and branches facing inside must be used as planting material. Weak sprouts, dry sprouts, and disease sprouts are not suitable.

Important: Give water before cutting to ensure good quality proliferation.

Lemon trees sometimes cause poor growth. In this case, cuttings for planting are insufficient. All new and fruitful branches are pruned to encourage branch formation. As a result, green growth is fast and fruit does not grow this year.

Troubleshooting and Tips

To make pruning more useful and successful, it is important to consider a few things.

  1. Remove unnecessary flowers. Excessive flowering affects not only the quality and quantity of fruit, but also the growth of the entire tree. If you do not take an extra flower, you will die in a few years.
  2. Give fertilizer. Give nitrogen fertilizer a week before or after pruning. In this way, plants can easily respond to stress and promote green growth.
  3. Pruning job once a year. If they are omitted, fruit will be deposited and trees will not grow properly.
  4. Pair of crown trims. To make the inner citrus more beautiful, cut off only the top of the sprout with scissors and prepare the shape of a green ball. This procedure can be performed all year round.
  5. Does not flower until the plant is mature and finished. Otherwise, returns will be reduced, growth will be delayed, and the risk of wilt will increase.
  6. It is important to follow the instructions carefully. It will be difficult to correct mistakes.
  7. Excessive pruning promotes strong germination. Tip cuttings, repairs that are fruitful awaken.
  8. Fifth or higher branches trimmed with 5-7 plants. This mimics flowering and ovaries.

Citrus growers may struggle to correct the crown.

  1. There is only one branch where three or four shots appear. To improve this, the branches are broken. If the next branch again does not have the required number of buds, repeat this procedure.
  2. Lemon stretches the wavy branch vertically and gets bigger faster than others. Such sprouts do not bear fruit. We recommend that you cut experienced florists under the root. Some citrus enthusiasts cut down to 25 cm without removing the thorns.

Care after trimming

Be sure to cover the cut part after processing. Please use horticultural varieties. There is no need to hide narrow branches.

After pruning, leave the lemon in the shade for two weeks to avoid direct sunlight. Please do not exceed +20°C. It is important to control the humidity within 65-80%. In addition, the risk of corruption increases.

After treatment, you need to give fertilizer. I use nitrogen composite fertilizers.

Conclusion

Pruning is essential for lemon care. Blooming and adding fruit depends on whether you regularly pruned properly.

By timely removal of extra buds, resistance to disease and pests is increased, crowns are beautiful, and plant life is extended.

There is a picture that it is difficult to grow citrus fruits such as lemon at home. This is a misunderstanding. Yes, to get lemon you have to do everything in lemon tree racer. But nothing is difficult. There are many things about how to grow an indoor lemon, but not much about care failures. However, the biggest danger lurks here. Let's look at what the lemon does not like and what care is.

Anyone can grow a lemon in a room

Most 1. Outpatient transplant

Many flower growers know that lemons don't have a clear winter dormant period, so they repot at will. He asks himself, "Why did the plants, which should have had sufficient nutrition in fresh soil, lost their leaves?" The problem here is that potted lemons don't go to sleep in the winter, but slow down from autumn to winter. Spreading from September to February is not very desirable because the recovery of small roots is much slower than when vegetation is active. This increases the risk of root rot. Therefore, the best time for transplantation is in the second half of February, when the plants grow intensively. The second best season is summer.

The transplant method is also important. If possible, you only need to leave the gestures and transplant them. Gently set aside, pick it up, soak the old soil from the roots, remind you once, you only need to do this if the roots are sick.

Lemon hates pots that are too big.

Another common transplant failure is the lack of periodicity. Experts recommend the following timing: transplant seedlings every year or every two years, increasing the capacity by 2-3 cm. Adult plants should be transplanted (fertilize regularly) every 3-5 years. Change the topsoil every year when it becomes too big to transplant into a larger container.

  • Do not repot flowering (budded) plants, plants after illness or stress.
  • Do not cut the roots.
  • Warm water (slightly warmer than room temperature) is recommended for the first watering after transplanting.

Error 2. unsuitable soil

Lemons are demanding plants, so many flower growers prefer not to experiment with soil compositions, but to purchase ready-made universal soil for indoor plants. This is because "universal" means suitable for everyone. Sober varieties can grow in such soil, but not lemons. Structure, reactivity (optimal pH range - 5.5-7.0), aeration, moisture capacity, the presence of microelements and macroelements, etc. require a special composition.

  • High-altitude peat and low-lying peat create an optimal structure.
  • Agroperlite is responsible for the moisture permeability and hygroscopicity of the base material.
  • Dolomite regulates the pH value and enriches the substrate with nutrients.
  • Humectant that promotes the absorption of water by the peat and prevents the substrate from drying out.
  • Long-acting complex mineral fertilizer containing macro- and microelements applied in the required quantities at each stage of the growing season.
  • Fungus of the genus Trichoderma, protecting plants from root and root rot.

Soil pH 6.0-7.0 protects plants from stress and promotes shoot growth, seed formation and fruit ripening. Suitable for rooting cuttings. What a Lemon Needs

Indoor lemons grow and fruit well when planted in fertile soil mixed with sand and mulch. It is possible, but lemon trees will not reach their full potential in such soil.

Error 3. Wrong temperature/humidity

Lemons must have very high air humidity, at least 60-70%. A little more, and the leaves will quickly dry out and begin to fall off. Especially in autumn, when the heating season approaches, and in summer, when the temperature is high and dry, it is necessary to pay attention to the humidity of the air. But even with optimal humidity, daily spraying of the crown with lemons will not harm.

  • In spring and autumn the temperature should be above +14°C. +16°С;
  • In winter it is better to manage at +3.+10°С.
  • +25 is comfortable for summer lemons. +28°С.

Error 4. lack of light

Lemons are considered shade-tolerant, but in nature they receive 12 to 15 hours of light per day. The room should have the same amount of light. In winter, additional light is needed, at least 8 hours a day. In summer, natural light is sufficient, but avoid a southwest window.

If your plants are shedding their leaves, it may be due to a lack of light.

If the amount of light is insufficient, plant growth may stop and leaves and buds may fall off. It is often recommended to put lemon trees in the basement during the winter to control the temperature. The period of inactivity of the lemon is conditional, and the leaves fall into complete darkness, and in some cases they die.

Forms 5. Water irrigation

  • Water a is soft water, non-chlorine, rain water and melt water are ideal.
  • Temperature is also important, not below room temperature, and preferably between 2 and 3°C if possible.
  • Water in summer and every other day in winter, depending on the situation.
  • Never let the root cup dry out. The lemon is very weak before drying. After a short drying period, all the leaves are lost, after a longer drying period, new leaves are released, flowers bloom, but it tries to continue the system before death, which forms fruits. I can't get fruit.
  • Watering is also dangerous. Lemon requires a lot of water, but it must always be oxygenated above the root. Otherwise, you will soon be infected with various rotten corruptions. If the soil structure is solid, it will evaporate even if water is retained and air is not taken. These two problems (drying and wet) have a solution to plant them in good citrus soil such as Florica citrus.

Mistake 6. Hunger Distribution and Smoke

Lemons like a lot of "food" so they immediately take out all the nutrients (unless they have a stable mineral complex). Citrus trees are not suitable for a diet. Growth may stop, leaf color and vigor may be lost, and some or all drops off. Therefore, it is a big mistake to rely on nutrient soil for one or two years. Regular lemon ax is very important. When the vegetation is active once a month, once every one and a half months in a warm winter and does not give fertilizer in a cold winter.

I don't distribute lemon, but I didn't force myself to overeat.

On the other hand, extremeness is an excessive spalling. Don't over-fertilize every time you drive or once a week. The tree does not grow faster, the fruit is faster or richer. Also, don't think that you are taking as much as you need. And where does everything else go? Indeed, "no". It can accumulate salt in the soil, destroy the pH, destroy beneficial microbiology, and mess up the root system.

Done 7. No sudden changes

Lemon is noble and should be treated as such. I like stability, delicate, no, kindly handled. When dusting the leaves, wipe the pot as gently as possible so that the pot is not twisted left and right. To evenly shape the crown, the tree can be pointed in a different direction to the light source and this should be done, but this should be done gradually by 10-20° at a time. If you rotate 180 degrees at a time, the leaves will not be able to move to the light source at the same time and will effectively rob the plants.

Inexperienced florists often give citrus plants a crucible that anyone can endure. He moves to the veranda or garden depending on the season, and vice versa. The temperature difference between indoor and stale (day and night) does not exceed 1 to 2 ° C. Otherwise, the plants will inevitably be stressed and you will not know how much it is. Leaves, buds and flowers can at least cause but often drive plants to death.

Lemon does not like rapid changes in the environment

Growing a lemon tree at home. Photo — Botanichka

The lemon tree is a perennial plant that loves warmth and sufficient moisture. Under natural conditions, it grows in a subtropical climate and reaches a height of three meters (dwarf varieties) to eight. Due to its unpretentiousness and love of warmth, a lemon tree can be grown in an ordinary city apartment or house.

Lemon tree sprouts. © Megs

Home-grown lemon trees produce edible fruit all year round if cared for. True, such trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 7-10 years from the moment of planting. Planting can be done in two ways: from a simple lemon seed bought at any store, or from cuttings and seedlings. Lemon trees grown from seeds grow more actively, they are healthier and more unpretentious than those grown from seedlings or cuttings, but the latter begin to bear fruit much faster.

To grow a lemon tree from seed, it is necessary to choose neat, ripe and well-formed lemons in the store, without signs of spoilage. Seeds are extracted from them, the best specimens of which are used for planting. It must be done immediately after extracting the seeds from lemons.

Seeds are planted in small pots or boxes five centimeters apart. Suitable for planting soil, mixed from peat and flower soil in equal proportions. At the bottom of the pots, drainage from expanded clay or small stones must be present. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1 centimeter.

Lemon tree. © Pam

The soil should not be allowed to dry out, but it should not be overfilled with water either. Shoots of a lemon tree will appear within a couple of weeks after planting. Among the sprouts that appear, you need to choose only the strongest and grow them until several true leaves appear. Growing is done by covering the lemon sprouts with a jar and placing them in a bright place. In this case, direct sunlight should be avoided. Once a day, the jar rises briefly so that the plant gains access to fresh air.

When the leaves appear, the strongest sprouts of the lemon tree are transplanted into separate small pots with flower soil and humus. A layer of drainage is laid out at the bottom of the pot. Lemon sprouts should be in this pot until they reach a height of about twenty centimeters, after which they are transplanted into larger containers. Growing lemons need to be watered twice a week. Soil moisture should be balanced: without drying out or waterlogging.

Lemon tree sprout is ready for transplanting. © Megs

To grow a lemon from cuttings, you need to take a branch that is five millimeters thick and about ten centimeters long. The cut stalk is placed in water for several days, after which the twig should be planted in a small pot or box.

The soil for rooting such a seedling should consist of sand, flower soil and humus, which are taken in equal proportions. The branch is buried in the ground to a depth of about three centimeters. The soil is well moistened (without flooding), and the plant itself is sprayed daily with water from a spray bottle. After a month and a half, the plant that has taken root can be transplanted into a pot.

Meyer lemon sapling. © Josh Puetz

For a permanent location in which to keep a pot of lemon trees, you need to choose a bright room where the grown plant would have access to direct sunlight. The lemon tree does not like moving around the house, so it is better to immediately find a suitable place for it, where the plant will be all the time. It is only allowed to slightly turn different sides of the plant towards the light to form a uniform crown. Yes, and this must be done carefully, gradually turning the lemon tree at a small angle.

Every year, the lemon should be transplanted into a slightly larger container, carefully moving the roots and the old earth ball into a new pot. After that, new soil is poured into the free space in the pot. When the size of the pots used to transplant the lemon tree reaches 10 liters, you can limit yourself to updating the topsoil and regular top dressing. Also, once a week, you need to spray the lemon from the sprayer. During the heating season, this should be done daily.

Lemon tree sapling. © Maja Dumat

To form a beautiful dense crown, the upper shoots of the lemon tree must be pinched off. Thanks to this, the plant will produce side branches, thereby ensuring density.

When the plant begins to bloom, it should be pollinated with a cotton swab or brush, with which the pollen is gently transferred from the anther to the sticky stamen.


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