How often do meyer lemon trees produce fruit
How To Grow Meyer Lemon Trees Indoors
Meyer Lemon Trees are the easiest citrus plants to grow indoors and they offer sweet scented blooms and fruit up to 4 times per year. Meyer lemon plants require no chill hours to fruit so they can be grown indoors all year-round. Sweeter than traditional lemons, Meyers are a cross between a mandarin orange and a lemon or a citron and a mandarin x pomelo depending on your source. Whatever the true origin is Meyer Lemons are amazingly delicious and are sweet enough some people eat even eat them fresh like an orange. Okay fresh is probably a little intense for most people. They still have that pucker we all want in our lemonade, just with a little less of the bitter beer face. Growing, harvesting, and utilizing your own fruit is super fun and educational for the whole family. Read on to learn how to Grow Meyer Lemons.
Meyer Lemon Tree Care
Natural sunlight is best for growing citrus and the more the better. Be sure your Meyer Lemon Tree gets no less than 6 hours of full sun.
Southern or south-western windows or glass doors will provide the ideal spot for growing citrus trees indoors.
I have experienced some success with good quality full spectrum grow lights. If you use just a basic lamp with a single bulb you will likely need one per tree when growing multiple citrus trees. I hung mine about 12 to 18 inches from my trees. But your Meyer Lemon Trees will be happiest in natural sunlight.
The key is making sure your ground soil or your potting mix drains well. Our basic potting mix is a great option for container Meyer Lemon Trees. PittMoss Organic Potting Mix is also an excellent choice and has added benefits like increased nutrient absorption and water retention. Citrus plants do not like wet roots so be sure the soil has dried down to about 2 inches before watering. This is especially critical for potted Meyer Lemon Trees.
Meyer Lemon Trees like humid environments. In fact, this is one of the main reasons I see citrus trees struggling indoors. Mist the leaves once or twice daily depending on the humidity level in your home. This is especially crucial in winter when we are running heat. You can also keep your pots elevated on saucers that are lined with rocks and filled with water to add humidity to the air. Just be sure the water line is below your pot so you avoid saturating the soil. Another option is a humidifier.
If you are growing your Meyer Lemon Tree outdoors in a dry environment you can just soak the leaves with a hose once a day or so.
Meyer Lemon Trees love fertilizer. Citrus trees planted in the ground should be fertilized in early spring and late summer with a slow release fertilizer.
When Meyer Lemon Trees are grown in containers the fertilizer leaches out of the pot when you water so you need to feed them more often than plants in the ground. Feed your potted Meyer Lemon Tree with our balanced slow release fertilizer when planting, the end of winter, early summer and again in the fall. Espoma Citrus tone is a great choice if you want to find something locally. They even have specific instructions on the bag for container grown plants.
Where Do Meyer Lemon Trees Grow?
It is a great option in most areas of the United States to grow Meyer Lemon Trees outdoors until temps begin dipping below 40 degrees. Once this occurs move you plant indoors until temperatures begin to warm up again. Since your tree will be use to the protected indoor climate shoot more for around 50 degrees when moving them back outside or slowly transition them by moving them outside during the day and back in at night. This slow reintroduction to the elements can get your tree outside sooner. After a week or so if the temps are staying around 40 at night go ahead and leave your tree outside.
Zones 8 to 10 can grow Meyer Lemon Trees in the ground year-round. Growing zones 9 and 10 can grow citrus plants in pots outdoors year-round.
Pollination Tips for Indoor Lemon Trees
Hand pollination isn’t necessary to get fruit but it definitely can increase and improve fruit production.
Meyer Lemon Trees are self fertile which means you only need one plant to get fruit. When you grow fruiting plants inside you can have a reduction of pollination because you tend to have stagnant air and a lack of insects. The way to remedy a lack of fertilization is to BE THE BEE! Simply take a paint brush or even a Q-tip, whatever you have on hand and gently brush from flower to flower. You are moving the pollen from the stamen to the stigma, but don't get caught up in the specifics and the terminology. It's easy. Gently brushing from flower to flower is going to do the job. Do this once daily while your tree is flowering for best results.
Ripening of Meyer Lemon Tree Fruit
Meyer lemons are actually green until they are almost ripe. Many customers have called thinking they got a lime tree instead of a lemon tree! Look for the fruit to turn completely yellow before picking. Lemons do not continue ripening once picked. I have learned that putting them in bright spot allows them to soften up and even yellow if they are picked a bit early. They will not continue to sweeten, but will still be great for seafood dishes or in anything you would use more traditional lemons.
Meyer lemons take anywhere from 4 to 7 months to mature. YES I know! That is a painfully long time. The good news is you will have fruit ripening in different stages so once you get started and through your first crop you won’t be waiting months for lemons. The Meyer Lemon Tree is a prolific bloomer allowing you to almost continually have ripening lemons when grown indoors or out in tropical climates.
Now you know how to Grow Meyer Lemons. Go ahead treat yourself or a friend to a Meyer Lemon Tree. It won’t be long before you are kicking up your feet with a cool glass of homemade lemonade. Throw in a shot of vodka if it’s been a grown up kind of day! Check out our Tropical Trees Collection for more options.
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7 Secrets for Tons of Fruit – FastGrowingTrees.com
When it comes to home-grown citrus trees, there's nothing like the Meyer Lemon. A cross between the tart lemon and the sweeter orange, Meyer Lemons are sweeter and juicier than their more common counterparts - making them sought-after in both grocery stores and home gardens alike.
The Meyer Lemon Tree is a fun tree that always seems to be blooming or fruiting. Many Meyer Lemon Trees are blooming now, bringing beautiful flowers and a wonderfully fresh citrus scent to homes. What’s a better way to prepare for spring cleaning than with an all-natural lemon scent?The Secrets of Meyer Lemon Trees
Like with all citrus trees, Meyer Lemon blooms turn into fruit, so if you don’t have blooms, life won’t give you lemons. So, how exactly do you get these blooms? Make your tree comfortable. Under the proper care conditions, your citrus tree will have a ton of blossoms!
Before fruiting, Meyer Lemon Trees need to see the light! They won’t flower without getting enough light. Make sure your trees get at least 6 hours of direct sunlight a day. You can do this by placing your tree by a large, sunny window. If you can, try to place your tree near an area that faces South. Southern-facing areas tend to get more light.
Also, if your tree is potted in a container and kept indoors, rotate it every three weeks. This way, the entire tree gets time in the sunshine!
Next, make sure that your trees get the right amount of water. Overwatering or under-watering your tree can harm fruit production. Let your Meyer Lemon dry out a little in between waterings, but it should never be completely dry - they'll grow best when the soil stays moist.
Check on your soil once a week. If it feels dry to the touch 2 inches below the surface, it’s time for more water. Slowly pour water into the pot and count to 20, or wait until you see water running out of the bottom of the pot.
Generally, Meyer Lemon Trees need water every one to two weeks. Leaves can be an indicator as to how your tree feels. If the leaves are drooping like they’re too heavy for the branches, the tree is getting too much water. If the leaves are crispy and dry or curl upwards, this is a sign of under-watering.
Don’t immediately overcorrect under-watering. Gradually add more water to your tree over time. If you immediately saturate the roots with a ton of water, your tree may become stressed.
Another way to keep your tree healthy and productive? Make sure that it gets all of its vitamin and minerals. When potting or planting your tree, it’s beneficial to mix in some citrus planting mix with your natural soil.
Also, to give your tree an extra boost, give it some fertilizer designed for citrus trees! Give your tree two tablespoons of fertilizer three to four times per year. Fertilize once in the early spring, once in early summer, then again in the late summer and in the fall. Space out your fertilizing by about four to six weeks.
Meyer Lemon Trees are very cold hardy and can withstand temperatures down to about 20 degrees. If your area gets colder than that, your tree will need to be planted in a container and brought inside when the temperature drops.
But when they’re inside, winter heat can dry them out. Be careful not to place them under a vent. If your leaves start to dry, you can mist them daily with a spray bottle for extra humidity.
Once it warms up, don’t just stick your tree out in the hot sun for hours! It will need time to adjust to the heat. Move your tree outside for a few hours each day, gradually increasing the amount of time it spends outdoors, before letting it live outside all summer.
Once the blooms open on your tree, they’ll need to be pollinated. Good thing that these trees are self-pollinating! However, having two or more trees will greatly increase the amount of pollinated blooms.
Meyer Lemon Trees can bloom all year, but they have two main blooming times: fall and early spring. If they bloom while it’s too cold for them to be outside, simply keep your tree indoors. However, when placed indoors, they won’t have the wind and bees to carry their pollen from bloom to bloom for them. You could release a few bees inside of your home to help with pollination, but we wouldn’t recommend it!
However, you can pollinate your indoor trees by hand. Simply take a small, dry paintbrush, and run it over each bloom as if you’re painting them. Do this once daily, and don’t wash the paintbrush until after the blooms have been pollinated.
Another way to keep your Meyer Lemon Tree happy is by pruning it. Meyer Lemon Trees don’t have to be tall to produce fruit – just healthy. Keep them wide and branched out. When you decide to prune your trees in the early fall or early spring, look for branches that are growing straight upwards. Generally, these aren’t fruit-producing branches. Also, remove any damaged or crossing branches. Make your cuts at 45-degree angles facing upwards to promote new growth.
Also, look for areas that block the sunlight from the center of the tree. Removing these branches will increase air circulation and the amount of sunlight that hits these branches, which will decrease your tree’s risk of mold and fungi.
Be sure to look at the number of lemons you have growing. In order to prevent fruit overbearing, when your tree starts to fruit, you’ll want to remove a few lemons in large clusters when they’re pea sized. This will promote the growth of larger lemons when they reach maturity.
7. Patience is a Virtue
Your Meyer Lemon Tree will need time to get adjusted to its new environment before it starts producing fruit. Once your lemons start to grow, give them time to mature. They can take around six months to mature. Don’t harvest them until their skin changes from green to dark yellow. When your sweet Meyer Lemons are ready, their skin will be a shade of yellow that’s similar to the color of an egg yolk.
Meyer Lemon FAQs
What is an improved Meyer Lemon Tree?An "improved" Meyer Lemon Tree is a specific cultivar that was bred to be more resistant to disease than traditional Meyer Lemons. That means they are easier to grow, with less maintenance required - particularly for home gardeners.
Do you need two Meyer lemon trees to produce fruit?You don't need two Meyer Lemons to produce fruit - since they are self-fertile, a single tree will produce lemons. However, having multiple trees can increase pollination and lead to larger harvests.
What is the best potting soil for Meyer Lemon Trees?Meyer Lemon Trees will grow best in soil that is nutrient-rich and well-draining. All-purpose potting soil typically works well, or you can add in a potting mix designed for citrus trees, which will help with drainage.
How long does it take for Meyer Lemon Trees to produce fruit?It all depends on the age of your Meyer Lemon Tree. If you purchase a more mature tree, you could get fruit as soon as the very first growing season. If you buy a younger, less mature tree, you can expect it to bear fruit within a few years.
Blair is the Content Marketing Manager at FastGrowingTrees.com, and though she's not your traditional gardener, the planting world is definitely growing on her (pun intended!). She's enjoyed digging into plant care and maintenance and growing her plant collection, especially with exotic indoor varieties.
Meyer Lemon Variety (Meyer Lemon): photo, reviews, description, characteristics.
Citrus meyeri is widely known among lovers of home citrus growing, distributed in many countries. In some of them, it is also an industrial crop, occupying significant agricultural areas. It belongs to the classic hybrid varieties, differs significantly from the representatives of the "real lemons" group. In the description of his appearance, as well as in the recommendations for care, there are many contradictions. Let's get to know him!
Origin of variety
A person interested in Meyer's "biography" will immediately notice that many sources contain a phrase similar to the following: "The origin is not exactly known, there are many options and assumptions." But this same attentive person, continuing his search, will soon discover that there really is no “set of options”, but there are only two versions:
1) Meyer arose in nature long ago, as a result of natural, spontaneous hybridization between oranges and lemons .
2) This is a variety of the so-called "Cantonese lemon", which Chinese gardeners-breeders have thoroughly worked on many centuries ago. In any case, both plants are so close that some citrologists propose to combine them into one species.
The plant we now call the Meyer variety was and remains a popular tub culture in China, especially in the southeast of the country. Here, in Beijing, the American botanist and businessman Franz Meyer noticed him, and brought several specimens to his homeland.
This event happened in 1908, and a few years later the newcomer was widely distributed in California nurseries. Naturally, the Americans named the variety after its "godfather", although other variants of the name are still used in the world: Peking or Chinese lemon, Chinese dwarf. Agree, in historical justice, they are even more appropriate!
The vicissitudes of lemon fate
One important event happened in the life of a Chinese tree on a new mainland. By the 40s of the XX century, being already a popular industrial variety, trouble overtook him. It turned out that almost all plants are carriers of the malicious tristeza virus, which killed millions of citrus fruits around the world. Those who did not die from the virus remained infertile. The Meyer specimens themselves almost did not suffer from the action of tristeza, but were asymptomatic carriers of the disease.
It was a verdict on the variety! The vast majority of his trees in the United States, and then in Europe, were destroyed.
But in 1950, the Californians managed to develop a variety of Chinese dwarf, which was practically not infected with the ill-fated virus. After numerous tests and checks, she was certified, and by 1975 received permission for industrial breeding. The new clone began to be called "improved Meyer."
The problem is that in Europe and Asia there was no complete destruction of the "old clones", as happened on the American continent. Now they are mixed with the "improved version", so much so that sometimes without laboratory tests you won't understand who is in front of you. Tristeza still causes massive damage to citrus plantings.
There is a distinct "Soviet trace" in the fate of our hero. Back in the 30s, it was introduced from America to the Soviet Union. The scientists of the country of the Soviets, having studied the guest, came to the conclusion that it will grow well on the Black Sea coast of the Caucasus due to its increased winter hardiness. In addition, here they began to graft him on trifoliata, and kept him in the open ground. To the surprise of the breeders, the “American” grafted on trifoliate was much less infected with tristeza. Since then, it has remained one of the most popular in the Union, and many people still call it "Abkhaz".
Description of the crop
It is excellent for indoor keeping, primarily due to its compact crown and quick fruiting.
Interesting! Seedlings of this citrus begin to bear fruit in the fifth, and sometimes in the fourth year after sowing - an indisputable record among all lemon varieties!
In addition, the fruits have excellent taste, and the tree itself is highly decorative.
Crown Features . At home, it grows to a height of 1. 5 m, most often even lower. The shape of the crown is rounded, symmetrical. The Chinese dwarf tends to grow many side branches even without much human intervention. The spines are small, there are very few of them on the branches.
A relative disadvantage is that citrus tends to grow not as a standard tree, but as a bush. To create a bole, you have to do a special shaping pruning in the very first years of the plant's life.
Meyer's foliage is thick and beautiful. The leaves themselves are small, saturated dark green in color, very hard (denseer than ordinary lemons), shiny. They are egg-shaped, with small notches along the edges.
Interesting! The leaves of this plant, when rubbed in the palm of your hand, are devoid of the characteristic lemon smell. Their smell is also strong, but rather resembles an essential oil with a citrus tinge.
When kept indoors, this citrus tends to lose a lot of leaves in winter, sometimes they fall almost completely. Inexperienced citrus lovers are frightened by this fact, but you should not worry too much. Usually in spring, after an increase in daylight hours and an increase in air humidity, the foliage grows back.
If cool wintering or additional illumination is provided in winter, such leaf fall does not occur. Apparently, this explains the scatter in the assessment of plant resistance. Someone considers it unpretentious, well tolerated by dry air and lack of light, while others, on the contrary, complain that the variety is demanding on the conditions of detention.
Attention! To date, there are many forms and clones of Meyer. Indeed, sometimes they behave differently in care. This should be taken into account when introducing the "Chinese" into your collection.
And one more factor is impossible not to mention when describing the crown of this citrus. It belongs to the most winter-hardy members of the family; adult specimens are able to survive a short drop in temperature to minus 10 °C!
Flower characteristics . Remontant variety, up to four waves of flowering per season are observed! As already noted, even seedlings bloom unusually early, and on cuttings, fruits can be set in two seasons. True, at this age they are undesirable on branches.
An important feature is that the buds appear on the young shoots of the current year. They, like the blossoming flowers, are pure white in color, although some lines still differ in a subtle, purple or bluish tint. The flowers are small, about 3 - 4 cm in diameter, very fragrant.
Interesting! The pleasant smell of these flowers has an exciting effect on many people.
The buds are arranged differently in the crown. Solitary ones predominate, but often they form small inflorescences.
Fruit description . Meyer fruits are easy to distinguish from all other members of the species. They are small, with an average weight of 80 to 120 grams, almost round in shape. Their color is unusual - bright yellow, more likely even orange. It is much more like the color of an orange. Remember the first version of the origin of the variety? The color of the fruit perfectly demonstrates it!
The skin is thin, easily separated from the pulp. The surface is smooth, shiny, devoid of characteristic tuberosity.
The plant is characterized by increased precocity, sometimes only 8 months pass from bud to ripe fruit. The disadvantage is its low transportability. In order to somehow compensate for this, fruits are plucked slightly unripe, later they are able to ripen.
Important! Often, consumers note the excessive acidity of the fruit. Probably, the opinion was formed precisely from the tasting of insufficiently ripe specimens. A truly ripe Meyer is very sweet; it is perhaps the sweetest of all lemons and can be safely eaten without sugar.
Other characteristic features :
- The pulp is unusually juicy, the weight of the juice is sometimes more than 51% of the weight of the fruit itself.
- The color of the pulp is yellowish, like orange. The pulp is tender, fragrant, consisting of 6 - 10 slices.
- Most consumers note the unusual taste of the fruit. It is difficult to express it in words, most often they say - "something not lemony is felt." In any case, along with a pleasant, delicate sweetness, there is a small, refined note of bitterness.
- There are always a lot of seeds inside the pulp. Usually there are about a dozen of them, but sometimes more.
- Increased yield. Good specimens are sometimes simply dotted with small orange fruits.
Describing our hero, we often used the word "unusual". Indeed, the Meyer lemon stands apart from other varieties. Did you notice that its Latin name doesn't even contain the word "Lemon"? Many connoisseurs, biologists, as already mentioned in passing, generally suggest not to consider it as such. But it also doesn’t work to “push” the shrew to another type of citrus. He is different from everyone else - an individualist!
In the US, and beyond, it continues to be a popular industrial culture. Along with this, it has earned itself a reputation as an excellent plant for indoor breeding. Lovers of flowers like its productivity, early maturity, small size. It is also important that its branches are perfectly rooted by cuttings. True, you cannot call it easy to care for, it has its own whims.
In order for Meyer to grow successfully in the house, it is important to organize a cool winter for him with relatively humid air. This may be, for example, an unheated, but insulated loggia. Ideally, the temperature in the room at this time of the year should be within 5 - 12 ° C.
In summer, an abundance of light and also slightly high humidity are important. It will be great if the owner manages to take the pot with the tree out into the garden, or at least onto the open balcony, protecting the specimen from harsh sunlight.
If you create such conditions for him, the Meyer lemon will surely thank the owner with a plentiful harvest and a magnificent decorative view!
Growing a lemon tree at home. Photo — Botanichka
The lemon tree is a perennial plant that loves warmth and sufficient moisture. Under natural conditions, it grows in a subtropical climate and reaches a height of three meters (dwarf varieties) to eight. Due to its unpretentiousness and love of warmth, a lemon tree can be grown in an ordinary city apartment or house.Lemon tree sprouts. © Megs
Home-grown lemon trees produce edible fruit all year round if cared for. True, such trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 7-10 years from the moment of planting. Planting can be done in two ways: from a simple lemon seed bought at any store, or from cuttings and seedlings. Lemon trees grown from seeds grow more actively, they are healthier and more unpretentious than those grown from seedlings or cuttings, but the latter begin to bear fruit much faster.
To grow a lemon tree from seed, it is necessary to choose neat, ripe and well-formed lemons in the store, without signs of spoilage. Seeds are extracted from them, the best specimens of which are used for planting. It must be done immediately after extracting the seeds from lemons.
Seeds are planted in small pots or boxes five centimeters apart. Suitable for planting soil, mixed from peat and flower soil in equal proportions. At the bottom of the pots, drainage from expanded clay or small stones must be present. Seeds are planted to a depth of 1 centimeter.Lemon tree. © Pam
The soil should not be allowed to dry out, but it should not be overfilled with water either. Shoots of a lemon tree will appear within a couple of weeks after planting. Among the sprouts that appear, you need to choose only the strongest and grow them until several true leaves appear. Growing is done by covering the lemon sprouts with a jar and placing them in a bright place. In this case, direct sunlight should be avoided. Once a day, the jar rises briefly so that the plant gains access to fresh air.
When the leaves appear, the strongest sprouts of the lemon tree are transplanted into separate small pots with soil from flower soil and humus. A layer of drainage is laid out at the bottom of the pot. Lemon sprouts should be in this pot until they reach a height of about twenty centimeters, after which they are transplanted into larger containers. Growing lemons need to be watered twice a week. Soil moisture should be balanced: without drying out or waterlogging.Lemon tree sprout is ready for transplanting. © Megs
To grow a lemon from cuttings, you need to take a branch that is five millimeters thick and about ten centimeters long. The cut stalk is placed in water for several days, after which the twig should be planted in a small pot or box.
The soil for rooting such a seedling should consist of sand, flower soil and humus, which are taken in equal proportions. The branch is buried in the ground to a depth of about three centimeters. The soil is well moistened (without flooding), and the plant itself is sprayed daily with water from a spray bottle. After a month and a half, the plant that has taken root can be transplanted into a pot.Meyer lemon sapling. © Josh Puetz
For a permanent location in which to keep a pot of lemon trees, you need to choose a bright room where the grown plant would have access to direct sunlight. The lemon tree does not like moving around the house, so it is better to immediately find a suitable place for it, where the plant will be all the time. It is only allowed to slightly turn different sides of the plant towards the light to form a uniform crown. Yes, and this must be done carefully, gradually turning the lemon tree at a small angle.
Every year, the lemon should be transplanted into a slightly larger container, carefully moving the roots and the old earth ball into a new pot. After that, new soil is poured into the free space in the pot.