How often do peach trees produce fruit
Do Peach Trees Have Fruit Every Year? – PlantNative.org
Many people are curious, “Do Does Peach Trees Having Fruit Every Year?”
However, this question is confusing because they are often confused about how long they will be able to produce fruit.
In fact, it can take up to 12 years for a peach tree to produce fruit, so if you want to grow one in your yard, you need to know what to expect.
After three years, the trees should start producing large amounts of fruit. Then, they should begin to decline.
The first thing you need to know is that peach trees are self-fertile.
This means that they only need one variety to produce fruit. That’s it! But you may be surprised to learn that peaches can produce fruit every year with only one variety.
In this case, you’ll need to buy two different varieties of peach to get the best results. But don’t worry, if you’re lucky, you can still have fruit on your peach tree every year!
To get the best results, peach trees need at least 500 hours of chilling in the winter, at temperatures below 45 degrees Fahrenheit.
In many climates, this amount of cold is insufficient for flowering to occur. So, if your climate is cold enough, your peach tree should flower and produce fruit.
Just remember that you shouldn’t water established peach trees, since you’ll end up with yellow leaves and a lack of fruit.
Do peach trees come back every year?
Unlike other types of fruit trees, peach trees grow back each year if they are pruned regularly.
Pruning should focus on limbs that grow horizontally, inward, or downward.
This will encourage growth and keep peaches from being overgrown.
If you want to produce a bumper crop, prune the tree in the fall or winter.
Make sure the ground is thawed and the soil has a good acid content.
The first step to preventing a tree from coming back is to prevent damage to it. During the winter months, peach trees need at least two hundred and thousand hours of temperatures below 45 F.
These hours don’t need to be consecutive and do not count if the temperature is unusually high. However, if the temperatures do exceed this range, peach trees may be set back the following year.
It is important to prune peach trees to avoid disease. Remove any dead or diseased wood. Also remove any branch that grows straight up and crosses over other branches.
Be sure to leave the center open. After pruning, reduce the number of fruiting branches by one-third. Thin the remaining fruit every six to eight inches.
This will promote better flavor and larger fruits. If you prune the tree properly, it should grow back without any problems.
Do peach trees produce more than once a year?
How to grow a peach tree: In general, peach trees produce an abundant crop.
After flowering, scores of tiny peaches line the branches. After fruit pollination, growers thin out the small fruit to promote larger, more flavorful fruit.
The fruits remain fuzzy and light green, and they’re partially hidden by the leaves.
The best way to prevent this problem is to follow a few basic pruning guidelines.
To make your peach tree produce more fruit, you need to prune properly.
There are several factors that can affect the yield of your peach trees. One of the most common reasons why peaches do not produce in a given year is overturning or over-fertilizing.
These two factors will lead to over-production of wood. Another reason is warmer weather in late winter that tricks the tree into flowering too early, resulting in fewer fruit. A cold snap kills the blossoms, delaying fruiting for an entire year.
If your area experiences late spring frosts, the first year of growth may be late. The late spring frost could kill these early flowers and ruin your chances of harvesting fruit.
It’s also important to check the climate of your area before purchasing peach trees. If your area receives cold winters, be sure to fertilize them with 50 to 60 pounds of nitrogen per acre in the spring.
Do fruit trees bear fruit every year?
You have probably noticed that your fruit trees don’t bear fruit every year. They may not have any flowers, or have a few flowers, but they don’t produce any fruit at all.
Or you may notice tiny fruits, but no actual fruit at all. The most likely culprit is a lack of pollination, which can have a number of causes. You’ll need to do some detective work to figure out why it’s happening.
In autumn, you can look for fruit buds. These are very visible and plump.
Then, you’ll see leaf buds. These are much smaller and lay flat against the stem.
You can cut off each and every other blossom on your fruit trees to ensure that they don’t produce a heavy crop.
This will prevent the tree from having a surplus. If you’re not sure, it’s best to cut off each cluster.
This will restrict the amount of fruit that the tree produces and allow the tree to keep some in reserve.
If you’re growing fruit trees in containers, it’s important to consider their fruiting habits. Some varieties are slow to bear. Others are more prolific.
You can get precocious rootstocks to make them more productive earlier. However, you may need to persevere if you want to see your fruit-bearing fruit trees grow into something more reliable. There are ways to change the habit of your fruit trees.
Why is my peach tree not fruiting?
If you’re not fruiting on your peach tree, there are several possible reasons.
You may have placed too many branches, which is not a good thing.
The lower branches will not receive as much light as the upper branches, causing the trees to not flower, and produce fruit.
Your peach tree may also be susceptible to diseases, such as fungus. In these cases, you should consult a local arborist to determine the cause of your problem.
Another possible reason your peach tree isn’t fruiting is because it’s been pruned wrongly. It might be too early or too late in the year.
Heavy pruning during winter can cause vigorous shoots, which will suppress the blossoms. Furthermore, birds can eat the buds in the peach tree. In order to protect the ripe fruit, you should cover your trees in netting to prevent pests from eating them.
Another common cause of a lack of fruit is fertilizer. Many fruit trees require two kinds of plants to produce flowers and fruit.
Adding too much nitrogen to the soil can kill the tree. The plant will not bloom properly, and it will not be able to produce fruit.
Luckily, peaches are self-fertile and can be pollinated by insects. For a more reliable and lasting solution, consult with your local extension agent.
When Does A Peach Tree Bear Fruit? (4 Key Things To Know) – greenupside
If you recently planted peach trees, you might not see any fruit on the branches yet. In that case, you may be wondering when peach trees bear fruit – and if there is anything you can do to help them along.
So, when does a peach tree bear fruit? A peach tree bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting, in mid to late summer (June to August). Dwarf varieties bear fruit a year sooner (1 to 3 years after planting), and mature trees bear more fruit. Over fertilizing, over pruning, extreme cold, or lack of chill hours can prevent fruit production.
Of course, it may take a longer time for your peach tree to start producing fruit. For example, the time to first fruit depends on the variety you choose and the age of your tree when you buy it.
In this article, we’ll take a closer look at peach trees and when they bear fruit. We’ll also discuss the factors that affect your harvest, including pruning, fertilization, and environment (soil & temperature).
Let’s get started.
When Does A Peach Tree Bear Fruit?
A peach tree (Prunus persica) bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting. Of course, this assumes that the tree is already 1 to 2 years old when you buy it from a nursery for planting.A peach tree bears fruit 2 to 4 years after planting (it can be one year sooner for dwarf varieties!)
The Penn State University Extension suggests pruning to encourage proper growth and branch structure (during the first 3 years). This may mean fruit thinning, which will also help to produce a healthy tree with a strong root system that can support more fruit in later years.
According to the Texas A&M University Extension, peach trees produce fruit on 2nd year wood. This means that a peach tree needs to produce some new growth each year (since that same growth will produce fruit the following year).
All the more reason to prune your peach tree wisely! (more on this later)
When Does A Dwarf Peach Tree Bear Fruit?
A dwarf peach tree produces fruit 1 to 4 years after planting. According to the University of Vermont Extension, a dwarf peach tree may produce fruit a year sooner than a standard size peach tree.
Dwarf peach trees also take up less space in your yard, and they are easier to harvest fruit from.
The trade-off is that a dwarf tree will not produce as much fruit as a full-size tree. The simple fact is, a smaller tree cannot support as much weight as a large tree (in terms of branches and fruit).
However, a dwarf peach tree might be right for you if you want to:
- grow peaches in a smaller space
- have a more manageable tree (a shorter tree is easier to prune and harvest from)
- get fruit a little sooner (1 year early if you are lucky!)
What Month Do Peach Trees Bear Fruit?
A peach tree may bear fruit as early as June. However, it is more common to harvest ripe peaches later in the summer, in July or August (some late-season varieties bear fruit into September).
The University of Massachusetts suggests planting early, mid, and late-bearing peach trees. That way, you can maximize your harvest window and enjoy peaches for a longer window (just check in the catalog or online to see when a peach tree variety bears fruit).
Generally, the fruit on a peach tree is ripe 3 to 5 months after its flowers are pollinated. Peach trees bloom in spring, often starting in March or April.
When peach trees bloom, the flowers have a strong, pleasant fragrance and vibrant colors (like pink).Peach trees produce beautiful flowers in spring, such as these pink ones in our yard.
A peach tree in bloom produces flowers in various colors, including:
Most varieties of peach trees are self-pollinating. However, keep in mind that self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination (more on this later).A peach tree in full bloom, like this one, has a wonderful fragrance.
Do Peach Trees Produce Fruit Every Year?
Peach trees do not produce fruit every year. The most common reason is that they simply are not mature enough yet!
Most peach trees will need 2 to 4 years before they grow to maturity and start producing fruit. Dwarf varieties may start producing fruit 1 year sooner than standard size peach trees.Most peach trees need 2 to 4 years after planting before they will start bearing fruit. Before that, they are not mature enough to support fruit production.
Even after reaching maturity, peach trees may fail to produce fruit for a variety of reasons.
According to the Penn State University Extension, some common causes of no fruit on a peach tree include:
- too much fruit in the prior year – this is known as biennial bearing (lots of fruit one year, but no fruit the next year). Basically, the tree spent all of its energy to produce fruit last year. As a result, it does not have enough energy to produce fruit this year. You can prevent this by thinning the fruit each year to avoid over bearing.
- too much wood production – the tree spent all of its energy to produce new wood. This is often caused by over pruning or over fertilizing. The upside is that this can lead to more fruit in the following years.
- frost damage – warm weather in late winter (false spring) can trick peach trees into flowering too early. A cold snap can kill the flowers that appear, preventing fruit that year.
Keep in mind that these problems can delay fruiting on a peach tree by a year or more!
Also, remember that if you plant a seed (stone) harvested from a peach tree, you may end up growing a tree that will never bear fruit. To ensure production on peach trees, buy established trees from nurseries.Planting your own peach stones takes a long time to produce fruit-bearing trees. Buying established trees is a surefire way to get fruit sooner.
As mentioned above, you may also see what is called “biennial bearing” in your peach trees. This means that they will only flower and produce fruit every other year.
Often, this will happen after a year of very heavy fruit production. Biennial bearing is also more common in younger trees.
As a result of biennial bearing, you may miss a year of fruit here and there.
Essentially, the tree’s resources are exhausted from using so many nutrients to produce a large fruit harvest. The tree then takes a year to gather resources, recover its strength, and prepare for production the following year.
To avoid biennial bearing, use fruit thinning on your peach trees. Fruit thinning is when you cut off fruit in the early stages of growth.
The University of Maryland suggests thinning fruit on peach trees when the peaches are half an inch in diameter. Leave one fruit every 6 to 8 inches (this will prevent moldy fruit, which is more likely when two peaches touch each other).Prune peach trees and thin the fruit to prevent problems like biennial bearing and moldy fruit.
As an added benefit, fruit thinning helps to avoid broken branches on your tree due to the weight of excessive peaches.
Of course, there could be other reasons that your peach harvest is poor or nonexistent (more on this later.)
For more information, check out this article on time to fruit for trees on the Stark Brothers website.
How Much Fruit Does A Peach Tree Produce?
Generally, a peach tree that has reached maturity can produce 3 to 6 bushels of fruit per year. A dwarf variety can produce 1 to 3 bushels of fruit, and a miniature variety can produce up to 1 bushel of fruit.In some cases, fully grown peach trees can produce 150 to 300 pounds of peaches in one year!
A bushel of peaches weighs 50 pounds, so a mature peach tree can produce 150 to 300 pounds of peaches per year! Dwarf varieties may only produce 50 to 150 pounds, and miniature varieties may only produce 50 pounds.
The table below summarizes fruit yield for peach trees of various sizes (miniature, dwarf, and standard sizes):
|Miniature||up to 1||up to 50|
|Dwarf||1 to 3||50 to 150|
|Standard||3 to 6||150 to 300|
peach trees of various sizes:
miniature, dwarf, and standard.
For more information, check out this article on the estimated yield for fruit trees from the Stark Brothers website.
The fruit on a peach tree appears red or yellow on the outside, with yellow or white flesh inside.
Peach trees can live for 15 to 20 years, growing to a height of 15 to 25 feet (6 to 10 feet tall for dwarf varieties).A mature peach tree can produce hundreds of pounds of juicy, ripe peaches like this one.
Peach trees can yield fruit for at least a decade after they first start producing. Remember that peaches bloom and grow on 2nd year wood (branches that are 1 year old).
What Kind Of Peach Tree Should I Plant?
When selecting a peach tree, make sure to choose one that you can grow in your climate! For more information, check out the USDA Zone Hardiness map to see what zone you are in.Make sure the peach tree you choose can survive in your hardiness zone!
Also remember that there are two basic types of fruit on peach trees:
- freestone – the flesh separates easily from the seed (stone) inside
- clingstone – the flesh tends to hold on to the seed inside
Here are some different varieties of peach trees that you might want to try.
- Blushingstar Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces large red fruit that matures in mid-August. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Blushingstar Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Burbank July Elberta Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 9, and produces medium red fruit that matures in late July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Burbank July Elberta Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Contender Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces medium to large red fruit that matures in mid to late August. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Contender Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Redhaven Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium red fruit that matures in late July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Redhaven Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Reliance Peach – this dwarf peach tree grows in Zones 4 to 8, and produces medium to large fruit that matures in July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Reliance Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Stark Early White Giant Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces extra-large red fruit that matures in June. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Stark Early White Giant Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
- Stark Saturn Peach – this peach tree grows in Zones 5 to 8, and produces medium to large red fruit that matures in July. Bears fruit in 2 to 4 years. For more information, check out the Stark Saturn Peach on the Stark Brothers website.
This information is summarized in the table below.
|Blushingstar||4 to 8||Large |
|Burbank July |
|5 to 9||Medium |
|Contender||4 to 8||Medium |
|Redhaven||5 to 8||Medium |
|Reliance||4 to 8||Medium |
|Stark Early |
|5 to 8||Extra |
|Stark Saturn||5 to 8||Medium |
along with their USDA Hardiness Zones
and fruit size. All of them bear fruit
2 to 4 years after planting.
All of the peach trees listed here are self-pollinating (more on this below).
Do You Need Two Peach Trees To Produce Fruit?
You do not need two peach trees to produce fruit, since most peach varieties are self-pollinating. On a self-pollinating tree, each flower contains both male and female parts.
Under the right conditions, the male part of the flower will release pollen onto the female part of the flower. However, self-pollination does not mean guaranteed pollination.The flowers on most peach tree varieties are self-pollinating, so you only need one tree to get fruit.
The flowers still require some sort of stimulus (such as a bee’s buzzing wings or the wind) to pollinate properly. You can provide this stimulus with an electric toothbrush if there are not many bees in your area.
For more information, check out this article on peaches from Wikipedia.
What Other Factors Affect Fruit On Peach Trees?
The quality of care that you give your peach trees will determine how much fruit you get each year. In some severe cases, you will get no fruit on your peach trees in a given year.
Some of the most important factors that affect fruit on peach trees are:
Let’s start with temperature.
Many varieties of peach trees do well in warmer climates – the phrase “Georgia Peach” comes to mind. However, there are some varieties that can survive winters up to Zone 4.
Peaches can certainly survive frost. However, they are more likely to sustain damage if temperatures drop rapidly or if they were pruned recently.
Temperatures below 0 degrees Fahrenheit (-18 degrees Celsius) can spell trouble for some peach trees. Temperatures below -10 degrees Fahrenheit (-23 degrees Celsius) can damage the wood of peach trees.
On the other hand, mild winters are another situation that can prevent peach trees from producing fruit. The reason is that a peach tree needs a certain number of chilling hours each winter.Peach trees do need hundreds of chilling hours every winter, but a sustained frost with low temperature can kill them.
A chilling hour is an hour between 32 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 18 degrees Celsius). Temperatures around 47 degrees Fahrenheit (8 degrees Celsius) seem to contribute more to chilling hours than temperatures that are much higher or lower.
According to the Penn State University Extension, peach trees may need 800 to 1200 chilling hours each winter. Otherwise, they will not break dormancy in the spring, leading to a complete lack of flowers and fruit that year.
One other hazard to your peach harvest is a late spring frost. A cold snap after a peach tree breaks dormancy in the spring can kill all of the flowers on the tree. In fact, this happened to our peach trees a couple of times over the past few years.
This may be frustrating if you live in a warm area, but it is nature’s way of protecting the tree. If the tree flowers too early during a mild winter, a late spring frost can kill all of the flowers and destroy any chance of a peach harvest that year.A late spring frost can kill the flowers on your peach tree, which means no fruit that year!
Before purchasing peach trees online, make sure that your climate gets enough chilling hours in the winter to produce fruit, while also staying warm enough to keep the tree alive.
For more information, check out this article on chilling hours from the University of California.
Avoid letting the soil get too dry for too long if you have young peach trees. If you have a problem with dry soil, check out my article on preventing dry soil.Water peach trees deeply and infrequently, and only if they need it!
On the other hand, over watering can spell death for your peach tree, due to root rot or fungal diseases. For more information, check out my article on over watering.
For older peach trees, give them deep, infrequent waterings. This stimulates the root system to grow deeper and wider, rather than remaining shallow and staying near the surface of the soil. This will help the tree to survive periods of drought or neglect.
You can also check out this article on peaches from the Old Farmer’s Almanac website.
Before you plant a peach tree, add some compost to your soil. It will provide organic material and nutrients for your tree as it grows.
The best part is that you can make compost yourself from ordinary yard and kitchen waste!When compost is done, it will look like this. Compost provides nutrients and organic material for peach trees or other plants as they grow.
For more information, check out my article on how to make your own compost.
According to Stark Brothers, you may also want to add other soil amendments, including aged manure, lime, or sulfur (these last two will help to adjust soil pH if it is too acidic or alkaline).
According to the University of Maine Extension, the ideal soil pH for peach trees is 6. 5 to 7.0 (slightly acidic to neutral).
It may be necessary to use fertilizers as a supplement to compost, in order to provide extra nutrients if your soil is lacking. The best way to tell if you need fertilizer is with a soil test.
For more information, check out my article on soil testing.A soil test can tell you if you need to adjust pH or nutrient levels in the soil.
Finally, remember that it is possible to harm or kill your peach trees by over fertilizing them. For example, too much nitrogen can prevent your peach tree from producing any fruit (although it may have lots of nice green leaves!).
For more information, check out my article on over fertilizing, and my article on low-nitrogen fertilizers.
Regular pruning is recommended for peach trees. Fruit thinning can help to prevent broken branches or biennial bearing (fruit every other year).
Light pruning can be done at any time of year. Heavy pruning should be done in late fall to late winter, before the peach tree breaks dormancy.
According to the Texas A&M University Extension, the goal of pruning is to remove old shoots that will not produce fruit. (One way to tell is by their gray appearance).
When you prune a peach tree, first remove branches that no longer produce. Remember that a peach tree only produces fruit on 2nd year growth (branches that are 1 year old).Peach buds lead to flowers, which produce fruit – but only on 2nd year branches!
Then, trim any remaining branches to 2/3 of their original length. This will stimulate the growth of new wood lower on the tree, where you can reach the fruit.
Another interesting option is to grow the tree against the side of your house, training and pruning it espalier style.
For more information, check out this article on pruning peach trees from the Penn State University Extension.
Now you have a good idea of when peach trees bloom, when they are mature enough to produce fruit (2 to 4 years after planting), and what time of year to expect fruit (mid to late summer, or June to August). You also know a bit more about how to take care of peach trees and how to avoid the problems that can affect your harvest.
I hope you found this article helpful – if so, please share it with someone who can use the information.
If the leaves on your peach tree are curled or swollen, check out this article to find out why (and how to treat it).
If you have other types of fruit trees, you might want to check out my article on when a pear tree bears fruit, my article on when a cherry tree bears fruit, and my article on when a fig tree bears fruit.
You can learn about dwarf fruit trees, which are easier to maintain and harvest from, in my article here.
If you want to read some of my most popular posts, check out the “Best of GreenUpSide” page here. Enjoy!
Peach - cultivation and care. Planting, reproduction, protection. Varieties for different regions. Photo — Botanichka
Peach is an ancient culture native to northern China. The main peach plantations are concentrated in the subtropics and warm regions of the Caucasus, European and Asian states. The peach culture stepped into the expanses of the southern and some middle regions in the second half of the last century. There is a real peach boom going on right now. Many gardeners prefer peaches to apricots. Peaches are more hardy during spring return frosts. The advantages of peach include the possibility of obtaining a full-fledged crop with the inheritance of maternal characteristics (large fruit, pulp taste, aroma, etc.) when propagated by seeds.Peach tree with fruits. © M. Denise Wilmer Barreto
Health Benefits of Peach
Sweet and sour, honey-sweet peach flesh, tender and aromatic, is not only delicious, but also medicinal. These fruits are high in vitamins, sugars, pectin and organic acids, including quinic, tartaric, citric, and malic. Pectins and antioxidants protect the body from aging. High content of B vitamins, A, PP, K, C, E, a fairly large list of minerals, including potassium, magnesium, iron, copper, calcium, sodium, zinc, fluorine, manganese, selenium, silicon, chlorine, phosphorus, aluminum, sulfur, contribute to the resistance to various diseases, including anemia.
Doctors prescribe peach juice for anemia and heart rhythm disorders, gastrointestinal diseases, neurodermatitis, asthma, influenza and many other diseases. The iodine contained in peach fruits contributes to the normalization of the thyroid gland, which is responsible for the body's immune system. From the seeds, peach oil is obtained, which is used in the manufacture of cosmetics and medicines.
Briefly about the botanical characteristics of peach
Garden or cultivar varieties of peach, which are descended from the common peach (Persica vulgaris), are mainly grown in dachas. These are woody or shrubby forms of perennial fruit crops. Usually 3 - 4 meters in height, but some varieties can grow up to 8-9m. The peach root system does not go deeper into the soil more than 60-70 cm and therefore the crop needs to be watered in dry hot weather.
Skeletal branches of the peach crown have a large angle of deviation from the main trunk, which contributes to the formation of a wide spreading crown. This feature must be taken into account when planting plants. Peaches don't like thickening.
Peach belongs to the group of cross pollinated plants and needs a partner. To get full yields in the country, you need to plant several different varieties. Fruiting begins in the 2nd - 3rd year and lasts up to 20 years with proper care.
The fruits of some varieties of peach reach a mass of 150-200 g of pulp of different colors (from white to yellow and yellow-orange) and fruit colors - from white, pink, yellow with colored red cheeks to red-carmine. When planting different varieties of peach (early, medium, late), fresh fruits can be obtained from July to the end of September. The keeping quality of fruits is determined by the biological properties of the variety, but does not differ in duration.
According to biological features, peaches are divided into 2 varieties.
- Genuine peaches with soft hairy fruit. A varietal sign can be a slight separation of the stone from the pulp. (In some varieties, the stone does not separate from the pulp).
- Nectarines, the main difference of which is the naked fruit (like a plum) and the ability to separate or not separate the pulp from the stone.
Planting peach seedlings by region
Farming peach in country conditions is somewhat different from cultivation in industrial quantities, mainly in terms of protection against diseases and pests.
Peach is a southern plant, belongs to warm and sun-loving crops. The crown and root system are frosted over at frosts of -15 ..-20 ° С. With return spring frosts, last year's growth freezes over, but quickly recovers. Best of all, the peach grows and bears fruit in areas with a warm climate and a large number of sunny days a year.Planted peach trees. © Larry Reynolds
In the southern regions, it is better to plant peach seedlings in autumn in September-October. Weather conditions allow the seedling to adapt to a new planting site before the onset of cold weather, grow young roots, and prepare for an active life when spring comes.
If peach seedlings are planted in the south in spring, they most often fall under the hot May-June sun. Dry air and the sun's rays dry out the kidneys, the bark and subcortical layers coarsen and dry out. To save the spring planting (and at this time there are a lot of other works in the garden and in the garden), you need to protect the peach seedling from the sun's rays with any breathable shelter, spray it with water (not cold), and keep the soil constantly moist, that is, water it 2 once a week. Over time, the shelter is removed, watering is transferred to a one-time per week and the young leaves are sprayed with cineb or 1% Bordeaux mixture. During autumn planting, blossoming peach leaves are also sprayed with this composition. This technique prevents the appearance of leaf curl.
Regions of the middle and northern lanes
In the middle lane, peach seedlings can be planted in autumn and spring, depending on the weather. With the onset of early cold weather with prolonged rains, it is better to dig in the seedlings and plant them in the spring, as soon as the spring frosts have passed. The soil in the upper layer should warm up to + 12 .. + 15 ° С.
To the north, frost-resistant peach varieties take root normally only during spring plantings. Moreover, there is no need to rush to plant young trees early. The soil and air should be warm enough. Having grown stronger during the spring-summer period, peaches more easily endure the winter cold in the middle regions and the northern regions adjacent to them. When grown in cold areas, peaches are covered for the winter.
Purchase and preparation of peach seedlings for planting
1-2 year old peach seedlings provide a high survival rate. Their height ranges from 1.0 to 1.5 meters, the stem in circumference is 1.5-2.0 cm. On the trunk and side shoots, the bark should be smooth, uniform, without gum dots, which after 1-2 years can infect the plant with gum disease.
If peach seedlings are planted in spring in a permanent place, then already on the market the seller can cut the root system and shorten the trunk to 80-90 cm, and side shoots by 1/3. At night, the seedling is placed in a container with a root (you can use another available stimulant) and planted on the second day.
When peach is planted in autumn, the root system is shortened and the aerial part is not touched. The crown in this case is cut in the spring of next year. If 2-4-year-old peach seedlings with normally developed leaves are purchased, it is advisable to cut them off. Reception is necessary so as not to dry out the main trunk and side shoots until the root system of the planted seedling is working.
Soil preparation and peach planting rules
Planting pits for planting peach seedlings are prepared 4-6 months in advance, placing them every 3-4-5 m, depending on the variety type. Thickened plantings form a low-quality crop in taste and often get sick. The pit is dug 40x40x40 or other sizes. Finally, the volume of the planting pit is prepared for the size of the root system of the purchased seedling.
Peaches can grow on any type of soil except saline and acidic. In heavy soils, add 1-2 buckets of humus or 0.5-1.0 bucket of mature compost and up to 100 g of nitrophoska or other complex mineral fertilizer with a low nitrogen content. The introduced humus will increase the air and water permeability of clay soils. If the soil is light, you can use up to 1 bucket of humus or only mineral fertilizers.
Drive a 1.0-1.5 meter wooden stake into the middle of the prepared pit, or preferably a flat support 1-2 cm wide. When planting, the peach seedling must be positioned relative to the support so that it shaded the young plant during the day from the sun's rays. At the bottom of the pit, drainage is formed from crushed stone, sand and other small materials up to 10-15 cm high so that water does not stagnate, and a mound of prepared soil is poured. The roots of the seedling are straightened along the mound, covered up to 2/3 with soil, slightly compressed and a bucket of settled water is poured. After soaking, the pit is completely filled up.
When planting, the root collar should be 3-4 cm above the ground. Some gardeners recommend deepening the root collar to this depth. When freezing from the scion shoots, you can form a new crown or switch to a bushy form of growing a crop. A 5-6 cm shaft is formed around the planted seedling and another 1-2 buckets of water are poured. After water has been absorbed, the soil is mulched without closing the bole. When peach is planted in spring, the buds swell within a month, the leaves unfold. Sometimes a peach seedling does not “wake up”, but the stem remains elastic, the bark does not change color. In this state, the seedling can "sleep" until the next spring, and then begin normal development.Peach tree sapling
Watering and fertilizing
Post-plant care needs special attention in the first 2-3 years. Watering without stagnant water should be carried out 2 times a month, top dressing - 2 times during the growing season. The first feeding of peaches is carried out before flowering in the budding phase with a complete mineral fertilizer. Use nitrophoska, nitroammophoska, urea, kemira and other fats at the rate of 30-40 g under a tree; the second top dressing - after July 15-20 with a phosphorus-potassium mixture, respectively, 50 and 25 g under the tree of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. You can repeat the introduction of Kemira, nitrophoska.
With the onset of fruiting, the number of peach dressings is increased to three. The rate of solid fertilizers is gradually increased to 150-200 g each under a tree. Fertilizers are scattered along the edge of the crown for digging or brought into dug grooves, holes, followed by closure, watering and mulching. One of the top dressings is usually carried out by spraying the tree crown with microelements or by adding a glass of wood ash for irrigation. It is carried out at the beginning of fruit growth, shifting the introduction of phosphorus-potassium fertilizers to the beginning of ripening. Humus, compost, chicken manure (in solution) are applied in autumn or spring once every 3-4 years, 1-2 buckets each. In the year of organic matter introduction, nitrogen fertilizers are not used for top dressing.
Fruiting peaches are sprayed annually before bud break and after leaf fall with a 2-3% solution of Bordeaux mixture. You can use cineb or other preparations containing copper or zinc for spraying. It is useful to spray peaches during the growing season with boric acid or ash extract (a glass / bucket of water). Potassium permanganate and a few drops of iodine can be added to boric acid.
Peach crown formation and annual pruning
Formative peach pruning begins the year following planting. When forming a cup-shaped wide crown, pruning is carried out in March. On the central peach stem, all side shoots are cut to a height of 40-50 cm. A tree stem is formed. Above the trunk, 3-6 shoots are left - these are the future skeletal branches of the first order. Above these branches, the central trunk is removed. The following year, second-order shoots will form on them. The rest of the shoots, especially those growing inward and thickening, are cut into a ring. Shoots of the 1st and 2nd orders are cut to 50-60 cm. On the remaining part of the peach skeletal branches of any order, young shoots grow during the warm season, forming the crop for the next year. These shoots are called fruiting shoots. Fruiting shoots are left after 15-20 cm, the rest are cut into a ring. If you leave a denser arrangement, the crop will be small-fruited.
There is another scheme for the formation of a peach tree. It is called "formation according to the principle of the fruit link." Use this method of crown formation more often in cold areas. The formed link can be tilted to the ground and covered for the winter. The planting pattern is called "meadow garden". Landing pattern thickened. The distance between rows is 2 m, in a row 0.5 m. Each peach tree forms up to 15 fruits.
When forming a fruit link, the crown, as such, is absent. In the first year after planting, the peach is not pruned. It grows freely, forms a large number of shoots. Seedlings are fed and watered in a timely manner, mulched.
In the second year, in April, a peach seedling is cut at a height of 10 cm from the soil, leaving the 2 most developed stems located closer to the ground. One will be the main for fruiting, and the second spare. In summer, thinning is carried out densely located on these 2 branches of lateral shoots, you can shorten them. In this case, the lower 2 do not touch. In autumn, after leaf fall, the peach shoot, left as a spare, is cut to 2 lower branches, and the second is left for fruiting. The following year, in the fall, the fruiting shoot is removed, and the 2 lowest shoots are left on the spare and the rest of the growth is removed. That is, every year they form a fruit link.
Recently, more and more gardeners are turning to growing peach in the form of a bush. This form is most convenient in cold regions. Peach is easy to shelter from winter frosts. They form an above-ground mass of 4-5 to 10 most developed shoots. The rest are cut out. On each shoot, shoots of this year are left, which will form a crop next year. Old branches that practically do not form a crop are periodically removed.Peach fruits on the tree. © Jessica
Propagation of peach in the country
Peaches in the dacha are propagated by grafted seedlings purchased from the relevant companies and seeds.
Moreover, the second is the most common technique that does not require complex manipulations during planting and growing seedlings. Seed propagation of peach is beneficial in that trees grow more resistant to the vagaries of weather and disease. With seed propagation, not all planted seeds can form a culture with maternal characteristics. The ovary in peaches is formed as a result of cross-pollination, and some of the seeds may bear signs of a rootstock. To reduce the selection error, a large number of seeds must be sown. When the first leaves appear on the seedlings, those with a wider leaf blade should be selected. Of course, this is not 100% reliable, but still there is a possibility of selection. When sowing in pots, not one peach seed is also sown, but 3-4, and after germination, 1 strongest seedling is left, and the rest are cut off at the soil surface.
Peach seeds in open ground in the southern regions are sown from October 15 to November 10-15. Previously, the bones are scarified or soaked for 2-3 days in warm water, which is changed daily. For planting seeds, zoned peach varieties are chosen, which is especially important in the middle lane. Seeds of such varieties will be a guarantee of obtaining a crop that forms a crop and is resistant to climatic conditions. Under shelter, plants will freeze less. Imported varieties that are not adapted to our climate may turn out to be barren or freeze out in the first winter. In order for peaches to successfully develop and form a high-quality crop, it is necessary to comply with the requirements of agricultural technology and cover the crop for the period of cold weather.
A sunny place is chosen for the school, the soil is fertilized with humus or mature compost. Peach seeds are placed in holes to a depth of 6-8 cm. The holes are placed at a distance of 7-10 cm. During the winter, the seed undergoes natural stratification, and shoots appear in spring. Peach seedlings grow quickly, but require careful care. The soil should be loose, weed-free, constantly moist (not wet). During the summer season, 3-4 top dressings are carried out, preferably with kemira or crystal at the rate of 30-40 g / sq. m.
When growing peach seedlings at home, after sowing the seeds, containers are placed in a warm place, which is equipped according to the principle of a mini-greenhouse. Before germination, the temperature in the room is maintained at +10..+15 °С, and after germination it is gradually raised to +18..+20 °С. The soil must be constantly moist. When seedlings appear, containers with seedlings must be placed in well-lit places. Peach seedlings are planted in open or closed ground in the spring by transshipment at a soil temperature in the root layer of at least +12 .. +14 ° С with a constant high air temperature.
Varieties of peach for different regions
Like other crops, peaches are classified according to the speed of ripening of the crop into early, medium and late. In the south, crops are formed according to the biological ripeness of all three variety groups, in the middle lane and, especially in the cold zone, even when grown in heated greenhouses and greenhouses, they are limited to growing early and much less often - medium and medium-early varieties.
In the southern regions and areas close to them in the middle zone, the following early and mid-early peach varieties are most acceptable: early Kyiv, Redhaven, Collins, Juicy, Favorit, May flower, Early Sycheva, Rossoshanskaya early ripening, Nadezhny, Fluffy early and others.
Of the mid-ripening in the southern region, the peach variety Cardinal forms high yields of good quality, the fruits of which reach a weight of 140-150 g. Large-fruited. The fruits reach a mass of more than 200 g. Of the other varieties, Veteran, Skazka, Zakatny, Smolensky are in demand.
We can recommend winter-hardy varieties of peaches of American and Canadian selection (nectarines, peaches with fig fruits) - Harbinger, Harnas, Inka, Harko, Suncrest and others for growing on their own plots. Naturally, the listed varieties are given as examples. The market annually offers new, more improved varieties for winter hardiness and resistance to diseases and pests. Before purchasing a new peach variety, it is necessary to carefully familiarize yourself with its characteristics so as not to get into trouble in a few years, when it turns out that the variety is unsuitable for the region.Treatment of peach trees from pests and diseases. © Mary H. Dyer
Protecting Peach from Diseases and Pests
The most common peach diseases are leaf curl, moniliosis, powdery mildew, fruit rot, gum disease. Diseases are caused by pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses.
Of the pests, aphids, spider mites, scale insects, codling moths cause the greatest damage to the crop and the condition of the crop. According to the way of feeding, they belong to gnawing and sucking pests.
It is not recommended to use chemicals to kill diseases and pests in dachas and adjacent areas. You can get an environmentally friendly crop by using biological products developed on the basis of soil Effective Microorganisms (EM or biological products) to protect against diseases and pests. They are harmless to humans and animals. They can be used almost until harvest. However, using only preparations, the garden cannot be cleared of diseases and pests, because their adult forms, eggs successfully overwinter on weeds and under vegetable garden and garden residues, in fallen fruits and leaves.
Pest and disease control must begin with preventive measures. After harvesting, it is necessary to remove all fruit and leaf litter from under the crown of the fruit-bearing crop. Carry out sanitary pruning of trees (in late autumn or early spring), removing diseased, cracked shoots, covered with points of incipient gum disease. Take it outside the site and burn it.
From diseases to bud break in spring and leaf fall in autumn, peaches should be sprinkled with 2-3% Bordeaux liquid. And after the leaves bloom, switch to treatment with tank mixtures of biofungicides and bioinsecticides. Bioinsecticides lepidocid, fitoverm, bitoxibacillin can be combined with biofungicides mikosan, phytosporin, hamair, alirin. Each of the biological products has its own limits of effective action on plants. Therefore, before proceeding with the preparation of solutions, it is necessary to study the instructions and check the biological products for compatibility.
Tank mixes or individual biological preparations start treatment of plants from the phase of bud break and finish a few days before harvest. Adhesives must be added to the prepared solution so that the preparation does not roll down and is not washed off the leaves. After rains, spraying of plants is repeated. The treatment is carried out after 7-10 days by fine spraying. Proper preparation and use of biological products qualitatively protects the crop from pests and diseases.
landing, growing from a seedling, how to instill
- Design of plant
- types and varieties
- Agricultural technician
- plant of the rose family. There is no reliable information about the origin of the culture, but historically China is considered to be the birthplace of the peach. It is in this region that this fruit is grown on an industrial scale. The peach-tree received active distribution in the middle latitudes of Russia only in the middle of the 20th century. Gardeners in Russia set about growing a peach orchard with interest, as the trees easily endure spring frosts.
Fruits are the most valuable. They contain a rich vitamin and mineral complex, have an attractive aroma and delicate taste. The peach fruit is valued not only as a food product, but also as a remedy. Juice improves blood quality, has a beneficial effect on the gastrointestinal tract, strengthens the immune system. Peach oil (pomace from the pits) is also highly valued. It is used both in its pure form for the face, hair and body, and as an active ingredient in cosmetics.
Peach grows as a tree or shrub, 3-4 m high. The root system is superficial, it goes into the ground no more than half a meter. Because of this feature, in drought, the plant needs frequent watering. The main branches depart from the trunk at a wide angle, so a voluminous crown is formed.
Peach is not a self-pollinating plant, so it is pointless to plant a single crop on the plot. A minimum of 2 bushes is required to obtain a crop. Moreover, abundant fruiting is observed when the bushes belong to different varieties. The active fruiting period lasts 20 years, starting from 3 years after planting. Peach flowers have a different color: from pale pink to bright red. They begin to bloom before the leaves appear in the 2nd-3rd decade of April.
The peach is not a self-pollinating plant.
A peach blossom when viewed from a distance is very similar to Japanese cherry blossoms. After the flowering of the peach stops, the period of fruit formation begins. In all varieties, the weight of the fruit is approximately the same: from 0. 15 kg to 0.2 kg. The skin is covered with fluff. The color outside and inside, depending on the variety, varies. The color of the pulp varies from light yellow to deep orange. The peel is evenly colored or with a darker (red) barrel. Due to the delicate texture, the fruits are stored very little.
Species and varieties
There are 8 varieties:
- A common peach with a skin covered with hairs. The bone separates well.
- Nectarine. It has a smooth skin and a more sour taste.
- Peach Potanin. The low bush has reddish wood. The fruits of the tree are not edible, so it is found only in the wild.
- Fig peach. You can recognize it by the shape of the fruit. All other species have rounded fruits, in this species the fruits are flattened.
- Peach of David. A low tree, which is grown exclusively for ornamental purposes, as the David peach grows without problems and in dry summers, it is also very frost-resistant.
- Gasuan peach - wild species. At the same time, it attracts a lot of attention, as the peach blossoms very effectively. Miniature white and light pink inflorescences form a flower cloud on a spreading crown. On the basis of this species, scientists are developing new varieties, since the Gasuan peach is unpretentious, resistant to drought, frost, diseases and pests.
- Peach of the world. Another wild-growing species, which differs from the rest in its impressive size. The tree reaches a height of up to 8 m. Like all other wild birds, the fruits are not suitable for food.
- Honey columnar peach is a dwarf shrub with a cylindrical crown shape. Suitable for growing on the site, as it has a decorative appearance, while bearing fruit well. The ovaries are formed directly on the trunk.
- Redhaven. Early maturing, not hardy. Fruits differ in high palatability;
- Velvety. Suitable for cultivation in the south of Russia. The fruits ripen early, have a dense pulp connected to the stone;
- Greensboro. Early maturing variety with green skin. Frost resistant. The taste of the fruit has a slight sourness.
- Harmony. Mid-season variety with large fruits - up to 300 g. Productivity and taste are high.
- Bohun. Mid-season variety. High immunity against diseases. It has large fruits with a sweet taste.
Depending on the region, planting can be done in autumn or spring. In autumn, it is better to plant in the southern regions of Russia. For temperate climates, spring planting is more suitable. So, the seedling will not suffer from frost. The landing site should be on a hill with good lighting and protection from drafts. Around the tree, you need to leave 3 m of free space, since the crown does not like constraint. You can not plant a peach after strawberries, melons, clover and Solanaceae. These precursors provoke the development of diseases.
How to properly prune a grafted cherry tree
The planting hole should be prepared in autumn, regardless of the planting date. The dimensions of the pit are 70 * 70 * 70 cm. A support is driven in the center. A complex of fertilizers is laid out at the bottom of the pit: rotted manure (5 kg), ash (0.2 kg), superphosphate and potassium chloride (50 g each).
Seedlings are recommended to be purchased from a trusted seller, inspect before buying. The roots should not have rotten and dry areas. The rootstock for the peach should be smooth. The bark on the inside should have a green tint. It is best to choose an annual cutting. The selected seedling is placed in a hole so that the grafting site is above the surface. The pit is covered with soil flush with the surface level and carefully crushed. Then water 20 liters of water and mulch with peat.
Attention! The mulch should not come into contact with the trunk, it should be scattered, leaving a couple of centimeters to the bark.
When planting in autumn, after the soil dries out, hill up 20 cm around the trunk and wrap burlap. It is necessary for warming.
Particular care should be taken in the first 3 years after planting. First you need to determine how to water the peach. In spring and summer, the tree is watered every two weeks. It is important to prevent water stagnation. If it rains in the region, then watering should be less frequent. Watering the peach in the summer should be especially thorough, since during the period of drought the root system is very short of moisture, it cannot take it on its own from the deep layers due to its proximity to the surface.
In spring and summer, the tree is watered every two weeks.
Fertilize twice during the growing season. The first - when flower buds wake up, but the bush has not yet bloomed. Potassium-phosphorus complex is used as fertilizer. The second top dressing - in the middle of summer, with the same composition. For fruit-bearing trees, you need to add one more top dressing. Application will be distributed as follows:
- Before the tree begins to bloom;
- At the time of fruit weight gain;
- In autumn, after the harvest.
In the third top dressing, rotted organic matter (manure, compost, droppings) is introduced.
In addition, peach responds well to foliar feeding. Before the tree should bloom, and after leaf fall, it is sprayed with Bordeaux mixture or other copper-containing solution. To improve the taste of fruits, the tree is irrigated with boric acid at the time of fruit set.
Formative pruning is done from the second year. To make the crown look round, it is cut in March. All side shoots are removed on the trunk to a level of 0.5 m. This is how a bole is formed. Next, up to 6 branches are left, which will make up the skeleton of the tree. Everything that remains above must be cut off. A year later, they begin to form secondary branches. Shoots growing inward are cut off, as they thicken the crown. Skeletal and secondary branches are cut to 0.6 m. Fruiting shoots will form during the season. They need to be thinned out, keeping a distance of 15 cm.
Peach shaping and pruning
Experienced gardeners can graft the tree themselves. The first question that arises is: what is the peach grafted onto? Since it is not difficult to plant a peach on a peach, summer residents try experiments with other plants. A popular way is to graft a peach onto a plum. Not all varieties are suitable for the procedure. It is best to plant Hungarian Italian or Donetsk on a plum. The advantage of this combination is an increase in the frost resistance of peach. Already 4 years after vaccination, the first fruits will appear.
The main reasons why the peach does not bloom:
- Wrong area selected. Perhaps the plant is too dark or cramped. Also, the type of soil may not be suitable. Peach does not like peatlands and clay soils.
- Tall trees are very close, which give too much shade.
- Not enough mineral supplements. Nitrogen should be added every year in the spring, and potassium and phosphorus in the summer. For fruit-bearing trees in the fall, organic matter is needed.
- Poor cut. Be sure to remove shoots that thicken the crown.
Diseases and pests
Peach is very vulnerable to diseases and pests. The most dangerous of them:
- Clasterosporiasis is a fungal infection that affects the entire ground part. The disease is called perforated spotting. This is due to the fact that initially brown spots with a red rim form on the leaves. As it develops, the spot shrinks and a hole forms. These leaves fall off. When the cortex is damaged, longitudinal red spots are formed. When drying, cracking of the bark occurs, and gum production begins.
- Curl very often leads to the death of the tree. The disease occurs if cold and damp weather lasts for a very long time in the spring. The leaves are covered with bloom from below, and from above - with red tubercles. Infected leaves fall off, exposing the branch. With a massive infection, the tree stops developing, which is why it dies.
- Powdery mildew occurs during the hot season. The first signs can be seen in early May, the peak of development occurs in July. The disease manifests itself in the form of entanglement of shoots and leaves with a dense coating. Infected areas do not develop and die.
- Moniliosis is dangerous because it is contagious. A healthy tree is affected by a sick neighbor. With this disease, the branches dry and the fruits rot.
- Codling moths are small butterflies that lay offspring on a peach. It is the larvae that cause harm by eating branches and bones inside the fruit.
- Aphids, in addition to direct damage (sucking juice), weaken the tree's immune defenses and are a carrier of fungal and viral infections.