How often do u water a bonsai tree

Bonsai Tree Care for Beginners—Everything You Need to Know

Have you ever admired other people’s plants and gardens and wondered: How do they manage to get their plants looking so beautiful and flourishing? Wonder no more—in this blog, we’ll show you how to easily care for a bonsai tree.

“The more you learn about the art, the more interesting the bonsai can be—many find the art of bonsai very meditative and great for stress-reduction.” Megan Matanzo, ProFlowers Director of Merchandise 

The bonsai is a delightful and fun plant to have around the home or office. Though it does need proper care and attention, don’t let that intimidate you. ProFlowers Merchandising Product Designer Nikki Kinowski says, “Our juniper bonsai (outdoor option) and our golden gate ficus (indoor option) are the most forgiving options for beginners.” ProFlowers also offers a kit just for beginners, which includes an outdoor juniper bonsai, a humidity tray and pebbles, an instruction booklet and a pair of bonsai clippers.

Here are some tips on how to care for your bonsai:

Water your bonsai! You may think this is a no-brainer, but the bonsai has very specific watering requirements. Approximately once a week or so (when the topsoil feels completely dry) immerse the entire bonsai plant in a bucket or basin of water. Once the air bubbles have risen to the top, the bonsai has absorbed enough water.

Humidity is also an important consideration for the health of the bonsai. All ProFlowers bonsais come with humidity trays and bag of pebbles. The humidity tray is unwrapped by the recipient, covered with the provided pebbles, and then the pebbles are covered with a little water. This will increase the humidity level for the tree, in addition to protecting the desk or table surface on which it is placed.

Where to put the bonsai The bonsai brings a natural and peaceful feel to any living space. Since it’s not technically a plant, but a tree, it makes a unique and enchanting addition to a room or outdoor space. Just make sure it gets plenty of direct sunlight, so place it either outside or indoors near a window.

Since the bonsai is known for its tranquility, we like the idea of placing it in an office space. Dad or a coworker would love a bonsai to spruce up their workplace. According to ProFlowers Director of Merchandise, Megan Matanzo, “The jade bonsai is a fairly easy indoor bonsai choice, and does well in an office environment.”

Prune your bonsai First, take a deep breath. One of the greatest attractions of a bonsai is the calming effect of simply trimming this miniature tree. The goal with pruning is to maintain its shape as it grows. Plus, cleaning up the top growth ensures growth elsewhere on the plant.

Use bonsai clippers (not scissors!) to remove any dead branches. Then decide which branches to trim in order to maintain the desired design. Bonsai pruning is considered an art form, which is why this little tree makes such a great gift for creative friends. Matanzo says, “The more you learn about the art, the more interesting the bonsai can be—many find the art of bonsai very meditative and great for stress-reduction.

The right bonsai soil Not just any soil will do for your bonsai. The goal is to find a soil that drains quickly, but still manages to retain its water. It also needs to contain small particles to ensure proper aeration, allowing oxygen to reach the roots. Luckily, we’ve done some research for you!

There are specialty soils on the market made just for bonsais (the easy route), or you can mix your own (if you’re feeling ambitious). It is also imperative to add fertilizer to your soil during growth season (typically early spring to mid fall).

Connect with other bonsai enthusiasts Find other plant and bonsai lovers in your community to learn more tricks and tips. Go to your local botanical garden or nursery and sign up for a class. This is a fun way to meet new people and also perhaps pick up a new and exciting hobby.

Looking for a great gift for Dad this Father’s Day? Or perhaps you want to treat a good friend to a unique and relaxing gift. The bonsai is unique, beautiful and something to be cherished for a long time with proper care—our smallest bonsai is likely five years old and the larger ones can easily be 10 to 20 years old! Check out more care tips and get started shopping for just the right bonsai tree for someone special, or for yourself!

How Often Should You Water A Bonsai Tree?

Have you just brought home your first Bonsai tree, or are you thinking of cultivating some for your landscape? Bonsai trees come from regular stock and seed that go through pruning, root reduction, grafting, defoliation, and potting to produce a small tree with the tree's look in mature form. If you are an owner of a Bonsai or about to be, you may be wondering how much care this tree needs. A significant part of that is water requirements. We've looked into this very subject.

The water requirements of Bonsai can change slightly based on the type of tree you have and the environmental conditions. On average, you should water a Bonsai tree every four to seven days.  

You must never let a Bonsai dry out completely, as this can be fatal for your tree. Read on as we break down signs that it is time to water your tree and discuss the care for Bonsai trees that live indoors. 

How Do I Know If My Bonsai Needs Water?

There is a range when it comes to how often you should water a Bonsai tree. This is due to varying factors and environments surrounding your Bonsai. These factors include the size of your tree and pot, soil mixture and fertilizer used, as well as weather conditions like wind and sun exposure. Consistently monitoring your Bonsai for signs of drying out or lack of soil moisture is how you will know if your tree needs water. 

Checking for adequate soil moisture has been done using different methods, all giving the same needed information. One of these methods involves the use of a soil moisture meter. This probe will tell you if your Bonsai is under or overwatered based on a 1-10 scale. If your meter shows a three or lower, it is time to water.  

You can find a soil moisture meter here on Amazon.

If you are without a moisture meter, no need to worry. You can use your finger to test the soil. Put your finger about 1 inch deep into the soil around your Bonsai; if your soil is dry or lacking moisture, it is time to water. Please get familiar with the species of your Bonsai; each type can have slightly different recommendations when it comes to moisture levels. 

How Much Water Does A Bonsai Tree Need?

You go to water your Bonsai after noticing the moisture in the soil is relatively low, but how much water should you provide? The amount, just like the timing of watering, can vary based on each individual tree. A good rule to follow is to water enough to thoroughly soak your tree's entire root system. 

Did you know there are different ways to achieve these soaked roots? The two most common methods used are overhead watering and watering by immersion. Overhead watering is what you typically think of when you imagine watering a garden or plant. You will shower your Bonsai using a hose or watering can until water starts to come out of the drainage holes. 

Get a one-gallon watering can here on Amazon.

The immersion method for watering your Bonsai is a quick way to soak the roots of your tree. This is a great way to care for indoor Bonsai trees or ones that have gotten dried out. Keep in mind that immersing too often can start to cause damage to the roots. 

The video below shows you how to water your Bonsai using the immersion method. 

Read more on our blog post, "15 Best All-Purpose Plant Fertilizers [Liquid, Powder, And Granular]."

Should I Mist My Bonsai Tree?

You absolutely can mist a Bonsai tree, and they benefit from the moisture. Misting is highly recommended in winter months or when the environment is particularly dry. As you mist your Bonsai, you are cleaning the tree's foliage of dust and debris while creating some temporary humidity and moisture.  

Have a look at this fine mist spray bottle here on Amazon.

Misting should be done alongside watering, but never replace watering with misting. Use the mist to focus on the leaves of your Bonsai and any moss that lives on the top layer of the soil. Stick to your regular watering to ensure your roots are getting plenty to drink. 

Can You Overwater A Bonsai Tree?

While we often worry about a Bonsai tree drying out, you should be equally worried about overwatering. You can overwater a Bonsai, making it vital that you check soil moisture before you water. Your soil should always be moist but should not always be wet. The period between watering allows oxygen to reach the roots, promoting growth. If your soil is constantly soaked, this process cannot happen. 

Outside constantly wet soil, you may notice other changes with your Bonsai from overwatering. You want to watch for symptoms like an unstable trunk, branches getting weak or smaller, a change in leaf color, and leaf drop. When you notice changes like these, it can indicate that your tree has been overwatered for some time, and there is a risk of root rot. 

If you are worried about an overwatered tree, you can take steps to care for it. Move your Bonsai into a new pot after rinsing the roots; you will want to water sparingly and ensure the tree gets plenty of sunlight. 

Are Bonsai Trees Hard To Care For?

What goes into the care of a Bonsai is not overly complex, but these trees do require consistent maintenance and upkeep. Like most other plants you will work with, you should be familiar with your specific Bonsai's fertilizing, watering, soil, and sunlight needs. Since Bonsai trees come in many types or species, you can focus on getting types that are easier to care for, like Jade. 

Amazon offers a dwarf Jade Bonsai here.

The amount of care required not only changes based on species but the conditions surrounding the Bonsai. One example being if the tree lives indoors or outdoors.

With the proper care, a Bonsai can live long, some reaching over 100 years old. It is worth it to learn the ins and outs of whichever Bonsai you choose. The more you work with these trees, the easier the care becomes, and for most, this care turns into a lifelong hobby. 

How Do You Care For A Bonsai Tree Indoors?

Many Bonsai trees live happily indoors. Among these are tropical species such as the Hawaiian Umbrella and the Ficus Bonsai. Just like Bonsai trees outdoors, you need to monitor indoor Bonsai trees when it comes to the amount of light and water they are getting, their soil, and the surrounding temperature and humidity. 

Have a look at this Ficus Bonsai here on Amazon.

Indoor Bonsai trees should be placed in a location that gets plenty of direct sunlight or should be getting at least 10 hours of artificial light. Use humidity trays or daily misting to stay on top of humidity and be well-informed on the temperature requirements of your species of tree.  

You can find a decorative humidity tray for your Bonsai here on Amazon.

Wherever your Bonsai has been placed, you should constantly be checking the soil moisture. As we discussed, checking your soil's moisture daily will allow you to know precisely when you should water your indoor tree. Water immersion is excellent for indoor Bonsai, but you can get what you need from overhead watering as well. 

Below is a short video on indoor Bonsai care.

Read more on our blog post, "17 Extra Large Indoor Planters That Will Transform Your Home".

Concluding Thoughts

How often you water and how much water your Bonsai needs often changes based on the species of tree you have and the environment the Bonsai is living in. You want to check your soil moisture daily to ensure your tree gets enough water but not getting overwatered. Soil moisture can be accurately gauged using a moisture meter, or you can make an educated guess based on the finger test.

Your tree should be getting enough water to soak the roots and to keep the soil consistently moist. We hope you found this article helpful when it comes to watering your own Bonsai. Happy Gardening! 

Are you looking for some inspiration when it comes to your landscape? Have a look through our blog post, "30 Moss Garden Ideas That Will Inspire You (Both Indoor And Outdoor)".


Watering the bonsai

Time to water

Proper watering of the bonsai tree is just as important as temperature and sufficient light. Different types of bonsai require different amounts of water. For example, succulents can go longer without water than ligistrum. But the rule for all bonsai for watering is the same: you need to water the tree as the soil dries out, with the exception of succulents, which can be allowed to dry out completely. The need for watering can be determined by touch by the condition of the soil. If it dries out, the plant needs to be watered immediately.

If the soil is firmly attached to the bonsai and can be easily removed from the pot, we can take it out and check for moisture.

Before the next watering of the bonsai, the soil should be slightly dry. If the soil in the pot is sufficiently moist, or if there is constant water in the pot base of a thick-leaved bonsai, the roots of the plant may rot. That part of the roots that survives often cannot fully fulfill its function of nourishing the leaves, and they dry out.

After the soil is completely dry, the plant sheds leaves or they dry up.

This is the natural defense of bonsai, which tries to protect its important organs (dormant buds, roots) and, when favorable conditions come, continue to grow. Subsequent access to efficient light for dormant buds, moderate watering (because fewer leaves evaporate less water), and fertilization will induce new leaf growth within one month. Branches that have dried up and are no longer green, but brown under the bark, will no longer grow, and they must be removed.

If the soil remains wet for a long time, this means that the ability of the roots to receive water is impaired and something has happened to them. Immediately remove such a plant from the pot, check its roots, cut them off and transplant the bonsai into another porous substrate.

It doesn't really matter what time you water your bonsai. Some experts recommend avoiding watering with very cold water after lunch, when the soil is heated by sunlight. The soil will cool very quickly and this can negatively affect the plant. This must be taken into account. But it should always be very clear that it is necessary to water the bonsai regardless of the time, once the soil dries up.

How to water Bonsai

Before watering dry soil, first moisten it well with a sprinkler, and then continue to water with a hose or watering can.

In order for the water to completely wet the soil, we water the plants very slowly and with a small water pressure and intermittently. We water so much that the water would quietly flow out of the drainage holes in the pot. If the soil is too dry, water will flow out of the drainage holes as soon as we start watering, without soaking the plants with moisture. In this case, it is better to immerse the bonsai in a container of water and leave it until the soil is completely wet. It is recommended to periodically (2-3 times a month) use this type of watering for bonsai. But daily soaking of bonsai is not recommended, as nutrients from the soil may be washed out. Since the water that flows out of the drainage slots of the pot can damage the furniture in the house, pot stands are often used. They are always low, not only for aesthetic reasons, but also so that a large amount of water does not remain in the stand and the water never stagnates. Sometimes they use wooden decorative coasters with a plastic pallet into which expanded clay is poured. If you have a small bonsai in a pot of about 0.1 liters in your apartment, it is placed in a dry apartment, it is a good solution to use about 2 liters of wet claydite per stand to maintain humidity. Sometimes young roots seep through drainage holes and grow into expanded clay. It must be remembered that they must be cut before wooding (after 2-5 weeks). If this is not done, these roots become support roots and there will be no young roots left after cutting them.

Watering with the wick is a very convenient method, especially for short breaks or weekends when you can't make sure the plant is watered properly. As a wick, we can use a knitted rope 40 cm long, which is inserted into the drainage slots with a large needle. We fill a waterproof (glazed on both sides) deeper pan with sand or fine expanded clay, place a wick in it and fill the pan halfway with water. But this convenient method of watering can lead to bonsai overflow. Therefore, we recommend using it only in emergency conditions (short vacation). When we dip the wick into a deeper container filled with water or moist peat, the plant can survive without water for up to 3 weeks.

Most indoor bonsai cannot tolerate dry air from central heating, which entails a lack of moisture. For bonsai, the required air humidity is 40-60%, which is also optimal for humans. In winter, it is recommended to place humidifiers or to humidify the air by manual methods.

What kind of water to use for watering bonsai?

Irrigation water should not be too cold. Use room temperature water to water your bonsai. The ideal option is to use water that has stood for several hours, which will allow the water to heat up and also allow the chlorine to evaporate from the water. From the cooled soil, the plant cannot receive either moisture or nutrients. For heat-loving plants, such as ficuses, watering at 40 ° C is favorable. It has been noted that too "heavy" water forms a white coating at the base of the trunk and on the rims of the pot. This is a sign that you need to soften the water. You can boil it and let it cool or add rainwater to the water for irrigation.

How to properly water your bonsai. Basic watering rules.

Perhaps the most important thing in the care of bonsai trees is their watering. How often a bonsai should be watered depends on several factors:

  • tree species,
  • tree size,
  • pot size,
  • season,
  • soil mixture.

Given all of the above factors, it becomes clear that no one can tell you exactly how often your bonsai should be watered, but understanding some of the basic principles of proper bonsai watering will not hurt you.

How to properly water your bonsai. Basic watering rules.

Bonsai - an exact copy of a bonsai tree in miniature. The art of growing bonsai requires certain skills and is very different from breeding other houseplants. The article will give some recommendations that will allow novice flower growers to avoid many mistakes in caring for miniatures, they will tell you how and with what water to water bonsai. This issue remains relevant throughout the entire growing season of plant growth, since non-compliance with the water regime can destroy the miniature.

Answers to readers' questions

Lifespan of the plant

If you want to get serious about growing bonsai, get ready for the fact that caring for it should become a ritual. Under this condition, your tree will pass to your children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. In the Japanese Imperial Garden, there are bonsai that are over three hundred years old.

Can this plant be kept at home?

Yes, of course. Bonsai is a human creation and should live at home.

Is this flower poisonous?

Mini-trees in all manifestations repeat their large ancestors. If you choose bansai spurge, it will be poisonous.

Why do leaves turn yellow and fall off?

It is very difficult to care for a bonsai - he does not forgive neglect and is sensitive to all violations of the regime. Perhaps the leaves are turning yellow because you poured it with tap water or the pot is standing in a draft. Just cold water can provoke leaf fall. Too hot sun and lack of moisture also cause disease. Spray the plant and inspect it thoroughly for pests.

How often should a bonsai be watered?

Miniatures can be watered according to almost all indoor plants: watering is carried out only after the earthen clod dries out. To determine how dry the soil is, you will need to test it. To do this, you need to immerse your finger one phalanx deep into the ground. Such manipulation will determine whether the soil inside the pot is dry or wet.

Over time, you can learn to determine the need for watering by the weight of the pot. To do this, you need to pick up a pot with a plant more often. If the container becomes light, then it's time to water the plant. This method is much better than the first, since sometimes you don’t have to get your hands dirty on the soil. Watering bonsai depending on the species

Conifers and evergreens, unlike deciduous trees, require less frequent watering, as they accumulate moisture in needle leaves. Therefore, the watering of these plants will be significantly different. Pine bonsai tolerates dry times better than deciduous large-leaved dwarfs. The latter requires frequent and plentiful watering, especially in the heat.

And in winter you can observe the exact opposite situation. Deciduous trees are freed from foliage, they have a dormant period, so they do not need frequent watering. In conifers, on the contrary, the growing season continues, so they need watering, but not as plentiful as in the summer.

But this does not mean that the earth in a pot with a deciduous tree should be dry all winter. It will be necessary to maintain soil moisture throughout the cold period, but do not abuse watering, as an excess of moisture will lead to decay of the root system.

Planting a Bonsai

The easiest way to get a homemade tree is to buy it ready-made in the store and cherish it, following all the rules. At the other extreme, trying to grow bonsai from seed is too long and the prospects are dim. We suggest taking the middle path.

First of all, decide which tree you want to replicate in your home. The choice is almost unlimited, but pine, oak, elm, juniper, birch and ficus most often take root and lend themselves to formation.

The mini-tree will develop according to the laws common to all trees: deciduous trees will turn yellow in autumn and shed their leaves, while coniferous trees will turn green all year round. Miniaturization is achieved by constant pruning and inhibition of development.

Find a small healthy seedling in a forest or park and carefully dig it out. The height of the sprout is not higher than 15 centimeters. In the same place, take some soil that the plant is accustomed to. Cut the roots with scissors to 10 centimeters. Branches also need to be cut, leaving only horizontally located processes.

Place a wire rack in the bottom of a shallow pot and cover with a mixture of peat, sand and garden soil or earth from where you took the sprout (1:1:3). Plant a tree, water the soil and take it out into the air, for example, onto a balcony. Arrange the plant in such a way that it is protected from direct sunlight.

Best time to plant

The best time to plant is autumn. In winter, the tree will take root and begin to grow in the spring. When the height of the trunk reaches 30 centimeters, you need to start forming a tree.

Where can I get bonsai seeds?

Seed sachets are sold in flower and online stores, the sachets are painted with cute "bonsai". But these are the most common tree seeds, a small copy of which you want to see at home. Without proper care, these seeds could theoretically grow into pines, oaks and birches. If you decide to go the long way on your own, you can sprout a seed from a bag or from a park, but the process will take several years.

How to choose a bonsai pot

Choosing the right pot is very important, as it will not only be a rooting site, but also part of the composition. For mini-trees, there are special small clay containers. Clay pots are environmentally friendly and are better suited for plants than plastic or metal ones, but they absorb a lot of moisture, which must be taken into account when watering. The pot must have several drainage holes and short legs so that air enters the roots. Flat pots promote horizontal formation of the root system.

There are several proven rules for choosing a bonsai pot:

  • The length of the pot is 2/3 of the height of the plant.
  • Width slightly less than the most protruding branches.
  • Usually the depth of the pot is equal to the diameter of the trunk at the base.

Rules for watering bonsai

There are 2 types of watering: watering on the soil surface and by immersing the container in water.

Surface watering

It is traditional to water with a narrow spout over the soil surface. However, this method cannot be applied if the earthen lump has dried out to a great depth. In this case, the water will begin to roll down and spill down the pot without saturating the ground. To regulate the process, you will first need to moisten the surface of the soil in a pot with a fine spray gun, and only then pour it from a watering can. In this case, the water will be evenly absorbed into the earthen lump. The bonsai pot should have good drainage and drainage holes through which excess water will drain. Miniatures do not like it when their "legs" are constantly in the water. If excess water does not drain into the pan, the root system will rot and the plant will die.

When watering from the top, make sure that the water passes through the entire pot and its excess flows into the pan. If the substrate is not completely moistened, the root system at the bottom of the pot will not receive enough nutrition and, as a result, the bonsai will die.

Irrigation method for bonsai by immersing a container in water

Perhaps this is the most acceptable method not only for the grower, but also preferred by the plant itself. It is comfortable in every way. To moisten the soil, you will need to immerse the bonsai container in another container with water poured into it. This procedure helps to evenly saturate the soil with moisture, and, with this method, the earthen ball with the root system is not damaged.

Shaping the bonsai crown

Copper wire is usually used to give the miniature tree a beautiful fancy shape.

  • First, all branches from the lower part of the trunk and all “dry wood” are removed from the plant. Next, three main branches are selected on the crown, which visually form a triangle with equal sides, and all remaining branches between them are removed. You can also leave 2 or 4 branches - it all depends on your desire;
  • To make a trunk bend, remove the topsoil from the roots and carefully tilt the trunk to the desired angle. One end of the soft wire is added dropwise and fixed in the ground at the stem base from the inside of the bend. The trunk must be tightly, but carefully wrapped with wire to the base of the branches left, so as not to damage or tear off the bark;
  • Bonsai branches can also be curved using thin braided wire to avoid touching delicate plant tissues;
  • It is necessary to remove the wire from the trunk of the formed tree after a couple of years, otherwise it may return to its original state. Twigs can be released after six months;
  • To maintain the aesthetic appearance of the bonsai, do not forget to regularly cut off the long shoots that have crawled out of the crown and old foliage to allow new young leaves to grow.

Video: Bonsai pruning and crown formation

Bonsai at home - how to care for a miniature tree

The tradition of growing bonsai came from Japan and China. Caring for a miniature tree is not just an old national agricultural technique, but a whole culture aimed at developing spirituality and creating miniature creations of nature. Bonsai at home requires constant attention, compliance with the temperature regime, humidity levels and regular pruning, so maximum effort and patience are required during its cultivation.

Bonsai love good lighting. It is usually grown on window sills, as well as on balconies, terraces, and gardens. Fresh air is very useful for this crop, the supply of oxygen to the roots and foliage increases its decorative qualities, improves the growth and development of shoots.

If a plant is selected for cultivation that does not go dormant in the winter, then it should be looked after in the cold season. He needs more lighting. For this, fluorescent lamps are used, and the plant itself is tried to be placed as close to the window as possible.

Most plants tolerate average temperatures from +10 to +18 degrees. The less light in the room, the cooler the air should be. As soon as the temperature outside is set at +10 degrees, the bonsai can be taken out into the fresh air. They start with small “walks” for 2-3 hours, and when the plant adapts, they choose a permanent place in the garden or on the balcony. Bonsai are returned back to the premises at the end of summer.

The miniature tree does not tolerate drafts - this must be taken into account when choosing a place for its growth in the garden. The plant should also be protected from direct sunlight, which can burn delicate small leaves. If the outdoor weather is unstable and there are sudden temperature changes with a difference of more than 5-7 degrees, it is better to grow bonsai indoors.

Bonsai are grown in pots or trays with a small area and depth, so the moisture from the soil evaporates very quickly. You need to water the plant often, in the summer - every day. This is best done from a small watering can with a fine sieve. Bonsai “bathing” is also welcome - a tray with a plant is placed in a wider container with water and left for 30-60 minutes. So the soil is saturated with moisture more evenly. For good tree growth, the soil must be constantly moist, but overflow should not be allowed.

You can tell when it's time to water your plant by picking up a drip tray. If its weight is noticeably lighter than it was the day before, then you need to moisten the soil.

It is best to use rain or settled water for irrigation. If the bonsai is grown in the garden under the trees, then it will need watering even after rain. In open areas, the tree is watered as soon as the topsoil dries. Like many exotic plants, bonsai is demanding on air humidity, it needs regular daily spraying, and from time to time the tray should be placed on wet pebbles or clay shards.

Choosing a tree for bonsai

In order to grow a beautiful bonsai tree at home without much hassle, it is best to choose one of the plants listed below, about which gardeners have extremely positive reviews. Photos will help you see what such a green pet will look like.

  • Indoor citrus fruits: orange, lemon, calamondin;
  • Ficus Benjamina;
  • Dwarf garnet;
  • Willow;
  • Ornamental apple varieties;
  • Barberry;
  • Hawthorn;
  • Oak;
  • Maple.

These are just some of the most popular options. Growing bonsai can be done from a variety of plants that are found everywhere: in parks, forests, gardens. You can also buy seedlings from nurseries. The price will depend on the chosen type of tree and its height.

Other Bonsai Watering Considerations

As above, water your bonsai when the soil is a bit dry. Please note that when watering, it is necessary to thoroughly wet the entire root ball. To ensure this, keep watering until water runs out of the container's drainage holes, and then after a few minutes it may make sense to water this bonsai again. Water the bonsai from above with a watering can with a nozzle with small holes so as not to wash out the soil mixture. It is ideal to water with collected rainwater (since it does not contain added chemicals), but if this is not available, ordinary tap water can be used.

Water the trees very carefully and abundantly to soak the entire root ball with water!

Frequency of watering

As mentioned above, the frequency of watering a bonsai depends on too many factors, making it impossible to give clear recommendations. Instead, you need to learn to watch your trees and recognize the signs that they need watering. The following general guidelines will help you properly water your bonsai:

  • Water your trees when the soil is a little dry This means that you don't need to water your tree when the soil is still wet, but only when you feel the soil is a little dry. To understand this, dip your fingers into the ground to a depth of about one centimeter. As you gain experience, you will be able to visually (rather than tactilely) determine when a tree needs watering.
  • Never water a bonsai on a schedule Instead of watering on specific days, check and water your trees individually until you know exactly when to do it.
  • Use the right soil mix The composition of the soil mix greatly affects how often you water your bonsai. For most trees, a ½ : ¼ : ¼ mixture of akadama, fine expanded clay, and organic potting soil works well. However, if you can't water your trees often enough, use a mixture that holds more moisture (increasing the organic content).

When watering this tree, most of the water will run out of the pot; the root ball is so dense that it does not absorb water. This tree needs to be replanted!!

Time of day to water

It doesn't really matter what time of day you water your bonsai. Some advise not to water with very cold water in the afternoon in hot weather, when the soil heated by the sun will quickly cool after watering with such water. Although this point must be taken into account, the main thing is to make it a rule that, regardless of the time of day, the tree should be watered as soon as the soil becomes a little dry!

Water treatment for bonsai. Watering Rules

Caring for dwarf trees - Bonsai may differ slightly from caring for indoor plants . This article will provide some tips and recommendations on the water regime for the vast majority of miniatures, following which will help to avoid many problems, and this is also the key to the success of growing a healthy specimen. Due to incorrect actions, a large number of plants die , from which the bonsai is formed. Therefore, this issue must be taken seriously. In addition, the roots of babies, and due to the limited space, cannot grow in different directions in search of food and moisture. The plant is completely up to you. >>>

Basic information

There is a general rule that

Bonsai replanting

The first year of life the tree should grow without external intervention, and in the next seven years the bonsai is replanted every year, later - every two years. The most successful time for transplantation is March-April, because with the onset of spring, the tree will be provided with light and warmth for adaptation. After taking the plant out of the pot, inspect the roots and remove the diseased and drying ones. If the root system looks unhealthy, the potting soil should contain gravel.

Transplantation is carried out as follows:

  • Two days later, the plant is not watered so that the roots are easily cleared of soil.
  • The new pot is washed, disinfected and rinsed on the day of transplantation.
  • Cover the drain hole with a crock or net.
  • Transplanting is quick because the roots are sensitive to light and air.
  • Holding the plant firmly on the trunk, run a knife along the walls of the pot and take out the tree with a clod of earth.
  • The soil is removed by a third from all sides.
  • Sick and dried roots are cut off, the rest are slightly shortened.
  • Place a thin layer of fresh soil on the bottom of the pot.
  • Place the plant in a new pot and straighten the roots.
  • Asymmetric trees are placed closer to the edge of the pot, symmetrical trees are placed in the center.
  • The roots should be visible above the surface, but not too high.
  • If the root system is weak, the plant is fixed with wire through a drainage hole to which a wooden stick is attached.
  • Top up the soil, filling the voids between the roots and at the edge of the pot. The soil is compacted with fingers.
  • Water the bonsai until water seeps through the drainage hole.
  • Place the pot in a well-lit place without drafts and scorching sun.
  • New roots will form in a month.

watering should be carried out when the soil inside the container becomes dry to the touch

And not only outside, but also inside. To check this, you will need to immerse your finger to the depth of the upper phalanx deep into the ground. This will allow you to correctly assess the situation. Ideally, of course, learn to determine if watering is needed by the weight of the container with the plant. Such an experience will come to you over time and you will not need to pick the ground every time. It will be enough to take the bonsai in your hands, holding it on weight, it will be possible to determine the need for water procedures by weight.

You should take into account the acclimatization time of a pet that has just been brought into the house. Microclimate and climate are important components of this issue. For example, the humidity of the room where your specimen will be located may differ from the one where you brought it from, where it grew earlier. While the plant is acclimating, the water requirement may change. Even if you have this species, it may take a beginner 2-3 weeks until his moisture needs are equal to those plants that you have long taken root. Often, new arrivals begin to turn yellow and fall off the leaves. Don't panic - it's normal! Normal acclimatization process in progress.

Watering in accordance with the environment

The need for watering is also affected by light, ambient temperature, humidity, weather conditions (wind, precipitation - for outdoor bonsai), season.

Summer time

There are rules for the seasons. So, for example, in the summer, when it is very dry, hot or windy, it is recommended to water the plants twice a day (in the early morning and in the evening). If the weather is not very dry and hot, then once will be enough.

Bonsai in styles Ishizuki and Sekizhezhu in case of adverse weather conditions: on rainy damp days, you can not water at all for some time. When the showers are replaced by a bright scorching sun, it becomes more difficult to satisfy the miniatures' need for moisture. Often recent rainfall prevents the tree from being fully nourished. Only a few hours in such a sun completely dry out the soil, again moisture is required. Bonsai owners should pay special attention to babies with lush foliage.


When it is cold, damp, and in winter the tree becomes less active, the evaporation of moisture from the soil surface slows down. Then they water only once a day, while the soil should not be frozen, and the water temperature must be positive, preferably even higher than the ambient temperature.

Irrigation according to the type of foliage

The water regime of coniferous and evergreen plants is different from that of deciduous species. In summer, deciduous species need more moisture than conifers and evergreens, which have narrow needle-leaves that allow them to retain moisture longer, and therefore they are watered less often. Pines, in particular, do relatively painlessly without enough moisture in the soil, but large-leaved deciduous dwarfs need frequent and plentiful watering, especially in heat.

Features of Bonsai care

Indoor bonsai are extremely demanding and whimsical, it is not easy to grow them. If the maintenance rules are violated, the tree will die or become an ordinary plant, nothing resembling a Japanese mini-miracle.

Location and lighting

Plants need additional lighting, especially from October to March. When choosing a place for bonsai, consider the following conditions:

  • The tree loves bright light, if the bonsai pot is on a windowsill, remove anything that might shade the plant.
  • Growth will be more active on a west or east window, in a place where the sun penetrates in the morning or evening.
  • In cloudy weather, compensate for the lack of light with artificial lighting. In summer, this method should not be abused, but in winter and autumn it is recommended to install a fluorescent lamp that will not heat the plant.


Normal humidity in a city apartment is not sufficient for most bonsai. To solve this problem, place the pot on a tray of water. Regular spraying of the tree in the morning is useful so that the plant has time to dry by sunset.

Temperature regime

If your bonsai is a reduced copy of a subtropical plant (myrtle, pomegranate, olive), in winter it needs a temperature of +5-15 °C, in summer it is better to take the pot to the balcony.

Tropical trees require a higher temperature of +18-25°C. In summer, leave them in the room, and in winter, do not arrange them on a cold stone window sill.

How to water properly

Keep potting soil moist but not wet. When watering, the earth should be soaked through. In summer, watering is more abundant. Subtropical plants are rarely watered in summer. Tropical trees cannot stand cold water. The ideal option is warmed melt water, warmed, but you can also water it with settled tap water.

Bonsai keeping temperature

For each plant, the temperature is quite an important criterion for the correct maintenance. Some plants like a cooler environment, while others gravitate towards the sun and warmth. So, subtropical types of bonsai, such as pomegranate, olive, rosemary, myrtle, are kept at temperatures from +7 to +15 degrees Celsius in winter, while in summer it is recommended to keep bonsai outdoors, for example, on a terrace or balcony. Tropical bonsai species, at one time, prefer temperatures from +16 to +25 degrees Celsius, all year round. Data plants are not advised to be placed on cold surfaces, stone or concrete

. The content depends on the temperature and the consumption of light, water and nutrients by the plant.

How to grow your own bonsai

Decide in advance on the method of growing indoor bonsai - from seeds or cuttings. Seeds can be purchased or taken after they are fully ripe from a suitable plant in a park, forest or garden. Planting is carried out from spring to early autumn:

  1. In the fall, sow the hard-shelled seeds in a flat container filled with damp sand and leave the container outside all winter. From frost, the top layer of seeds will crack, shoots will appear in the spring. Water them when sprouts appear. Sow soft-shelled seeds in a box and keep at a temperature of about 0 degrees.
  2. In June, cut branches 5-7 cm long, place in the substrate, water, cover the pot with a glass jar or film, place in a warm place with diffused light. When young shoots appear, remove the jar or film. Please note that in coniferous cuttings, roots appear after a few months or a year.

Care of bonsai
Create indoor bonsai with:

  • concave cutting pliers - for cutting wire, branches under the trunk;
  • convex nippers - they safely cut convex elements on the trunk, branches, roots;
  • special nippers or scissors for removing roots - characterized by a curved head;
  • curved tip tweezers - for removing buds, leaves, needles.

Pot selection

Root the plant in a large, deep pot. So the trunk will actively develop. Form a bonsai tree for about 2 years, then move it to a permanent dish. The container should be of a simple, concise form, in harmony with the composition. Buy a container for a seedling based on the chosen style of indoor bonsai:

  • inclined trees - heavy stable pots made of clay, ceramics;
  • dense, branched crown, several trunks - wide shallow containers;
  • open horses - tall narrow containers;
  • cascade style - narrow, shallow pots.

How to choose a bonsai pot size
Basic rules for choosing a pot:

  1. The height of the walls should not be less than the diameter of the trunk.
  2. Width equal to 2/3 of the length of the houseplant.
  3. There must be drainage holes.

Ground preparation

Choose your ready mixes carefully. Do not buy peat formulations with garden fertilizers. It is better to purchase a minimally nutritious permeable substrate processed by Californian worms. Use poor soil to prevent active growth of indoor bonsai:

  1. For coniferous trees, take 6 parts of clay and 4 parts of sand.
  2. For hardwoods, a mixture of 7 parts clay soil, 3 parts sand soil is suitable.
  3. For flowering plants - 6 parts of clay soil, 1 part of leaf humus.

Preparing the soil for growing bonsai
Prepare the soil in April, after the ground has thawed. Universal mixture: 1/3 of clay, ½ of peat or rotted leaves, ¼ of sand and vermiculite, small stones. Before use, rinse the sand thoroughly, calcine the soil for about an hour in an oven at a temperature of 100-120 degrees, or boil for half an hour in a sieve and water.

First transplant

Rooting in a shady area:

  1. Shorten vertically growing roots. With this formation, the growth of the tree slows down.
  2. Plant the bonsai in the substrate, compact, water.
  3. Quarantine the plant: select a slightly shaded area for the pot, isolated from other plants.

Transplanting a bonsai

Placement of a bonsai

In order to understand how to care for a bonsai tree, you need to know the breed of your bonsai. And it is better to choose the breed for which it will be easier for you to create conditions for the normal growth of the plant, close to the real habitat. Namely:

  • Illumination.
  • Air humidity.
  • Temperature control.
  • Ventilation.

In addition, many bonsai love fresh air and can be displayed outdoors during the summer. Ventilation, that is, the movement of air, strengthens the crown of trees.

Styles of Bonsai

Before you start creating, study the common types of bonsai: