How often should you water an indoor palm tree
How to Care for Your Indoor Palm Tree
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Nothing screams "tropical houseplant" quite like Palm Tree. Learn how to care for your indoor Palm Tree (yes, you need to do your best to keep this plant alive because it's pretty pricey).
Palm Tree or Arecaceae is one of the most popular indoor plants if you want to bring a lush, tropical look to your home. Aside from its attractive look, which can complement any decor, it can also grow in low-light spaces, it's low maintenance, and tough to kill. I guess the only con of this plant is some of its types are pretty pricey, so if you're planning to get one, you need to do your best to keep this plant alive.
Fun Fact: Palm Tree has been a popular houseplant since the Victorian era because of its versatility to adapt to indoor conditions.
CREDIT: ALONDA BAIRD / THE SPRUCE
One of the best indoor Palm Tree types is the Areca palm or also known as bamboo plants, which originated in Madagascar. It can grow from 6-8 feet, and it prefers a warm climate. There are about more than 2,600 species of Palm Trees today, with each variety having different care requirements. However, in general, indoor Palm Tree prefers bright, indirect light, a humid environment, and needs to be watered up to once or twice a week.
|Common Name||Palm Tree|
|Plant Size||Indoors: 6-8 feet, Natural Habitat: 80-100 feet|
|Types of Palm Plants||Areca Palm, Bamboo Palm, Canary Island Date Palm, Cascade Palm, Chinese Fan Palm, European Fan Palm, Fishtail Palm, Kentia Palm, Lady Palm, Majesty Palm, Parlor Palm, Ponytail Palm, Pygmy Date Palm, Sago Palm, and Yucca Palm|
|Sunlight||Palm Tree prefers bright filtered light, but it can also thrive in low light areas.|
|Water||A new indoor Palm Tree should be watered every day in its first week. Next, move to every other day in its second week. Then settle for 3 times a week on the third. Once your indoor Palm Tree is completely settled, water it 2-3 times per week, or when the top 1-2 inches of the soil is completely dry.|
|Humidity||Your indoor Palm Tree will thrive in average household humidity, but it's best if you mist it often, place it near a humidifier, or use a pebble tray.|
|Temperature||It prefers average room temperatures between 60–80°F.|
|Toxicity||Some Palm Tree types are toxic to humans and pets.|
|Food||Feed your indoor Palm Tree regularly during the growing season with a water-soluble fertilizer.|
|Pests and Problems||Indoor Palm Trees are prone to common bugs like mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. To eliminate these insects, use an insecticidal soap with warm water. Also, your indoor Palm Tree is prone to potassium deficiency. Treat it with a controlled-release potassium supplement.|
|Omysa Plant Care Tip||Mist your indoor Palm Tree a few times a week to promote growth and prevent pest infestations.|
CREDIT: ALONDA BAIRD / THE SPRUCE
Indoor Palm Plant Care Tips
To keep your indoor Palm Tree alive and healthy, you need to do proper research because each type requires different care. Some plants prefer shade and a more humid, darker environment. Some plants may need fertilizer. Also, it's best to place your indoor Palm Tree in a spot where there's not too much traffic brushing against or pulling on the fronds because this will weaken the plant. Keep in mind that you can never top-trim a Palm Tree because it will die.
Here's everything else you need to know on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree, from sunlight requirement to common problems and its solutions.
First, on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to place it in a spot where it can receive bright, indirect light. However, it can also tolerate low-light conditions, especially during the winter. Do not place your indoor Palm Tree under direct sunlight because too much direct light can kill your plant.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning yellow, this means it’s not receiving the right amount of light.
Solution: Yes, your indoor Palm Tree can tolerate less light, but if the area is too dark, it will stop growing, and leaves will start to turn yellow since there's not enough light to support photosynthesis. It's best if you can put it in an area where it can get medium to bright, indirect light.
Next on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to water it when the top 1-2 inches of the soil is completely dry. Usually, this could be 2-3 times per week. Also, keep in mind that good drainage is important for your indoor Palm Tree. Never let your plant's root ball sit in water since this could lead to its death.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning brown or yellow, this means inconsistent watering or unfiltered tap water.
Solution: Inconsistent watering can create stress for your indoor Palm Tree, especially if the soil is bone dry. It's best if you can create a watering schedule. Also, check if the soil feels dry. If it is, then water your plant accordingly.
Another cause could be the quality of the water you're using. Tap water is not suitable for plants because it contains salts, chlorine, minerals, and fluoride, which causes the tips of the leaves to burn, curl up, and turn brown. Filter the water by either using a water filtration system or by leaving the water in an open container overnight.
Humidity & Temperature
Adding to our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to place it in a spot with normal room temperatures between 60–80°F. Your indoor Palm Tree can thrive amazingly well in average humidity, but it's recommended to mist it often, place it near a humidifier, or use a pebble tray to prevent insect infestations.
Common Problem: If the leaves on your indoor Palm Tree are turning yellow, this means that the area has low humidity, and the plant's soil is completely dry.
Solution: If possible, get a humidifier for your plant. This is the best solution and also recommended by experts. Regular misting a few times a week will also do the job. Avoid cold drafts, air conditioning vents, doors, and sudden temperature changes to keep your indoor Palm Tree happy and healthy.
Some Palm Tree types are toxic to humans and pets.
Another on our list on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree is to feed it with a water-soluble fertilizer regularly during the growing season. Also, give your plant extra potassium and manganese since Palm plants are prone to potassium deficiency. The main sign that your plant has this disease when its fronds are turning brown or yellow.
Common Problem: When the leaves are turning brown, this could be due to excessive fertilizing.
Solution: Fertilizer burn or plant burn is the result of applying too much fertilizer to your indoor Palm Tree. Fertilizer contains salts, which draw moisture out of plants. Remember, anything too much is bad for your plant. To avoid plant burn, it’s best to follow the recommended amount of fertilizer and schedule.
Pests & Other Problems
Your indoor Palm Tree is prone to common bugs like mealybugs, scale insects, and spider mites. To eliminate these insects, use an insecticidal soap.
That's a wrap on how to care for your indoor Palm Tree. Again, each type requires different care, so it's important to check the plant's label. However, in general, if you have a Palm plant in your home, this guide could give you an idea regarding how to keep it alive and healthy.
Grow your plant knowledge. Check out our Plant Care blog to learn more about different houseplants and tips on how to keep your plants alive and healthy.
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How Often Should You Water Palm Trees (A Complete Guide)
Like most people, you probably think of palm trees as exotic plants that only grow in tropical climates.
But the truth is, many different types of palm trees can thrive in various climates.
And if you’re lucky enough to have one growing in your backyard, you’ll want to make sure you’re giving it the proper care.
That includes knowing how often to water your palm tree.
In this article, we’ll give you a complete guide on how often to water palm trees and how to tell if your palm tree needs more or less water.
Whether you’re new to growing palm trees or have been caring for them for years, this guide will help ensure that your palm tree stays healthy and thriving all year round.
How Often Should You Water Palm Trees?
How often you water a palm tree depends on the palm species, the size and age of the tree, the time of year, and the type of soil.
Most palms need to be watered at least once a week during the growing season, but some may need to be watered twice a week or even daily.
In general, young palm trees need more water than mature trees, and palms growing in pots or other containers will need to be watered more frequently than those planted in the ground.
It is also crucial to water palms deeply so that the roots have access to moisture.
When watering a palm tree, be sure to check the soil before watering to make sure that it is dry.
If the soil is still wet or damp, wait until it can dry out before watering again.
Overwatering can kill a palm tree just as easily as underwatering, so it is important to ensure that you are not giving it too much or too little water.
How Often Do You Water an Indoor Palm Plant
When it comes to indoor palm care, one of the essential aspects is adequately watering your plant.
Too much water can lead to root rot and other problems, while too little water can cause your indoor plants to dehydrate or even die.
In general, you should water your indoor palm 2 to 3 times a week.
However, there are a few things you need to take into account, such as the size of your plant, the type of potting mix you’re using, and the humidity and temperature of your home.
Ideally, you should aim to keep the soil consistently moist but not overly wet or dry.
In general, you can test whether your indoor palm tree needs more water by lightly tapping on a couple of leaves.
If they feel crunchy to the touch, it is a good sign that your palm could benefit from being watered more often.
However, if they feel soft or spongy, you may need to cut back on how frequently you water your plant.
By experimenting with different watering schedules and paying attention to how your palm looks and feels over time, you can find the perfect balance that will keep your plant healthy and vibrant for many years to come.
How Often Do You Water an Outdoor Palm Tree
The health of your outdoor palm tree will depend on how well you can care for it.
One of the most important aspects of palm tree care is proper watering, as it plays a crucial role in helping your tree achieve optimal growth and development.
In general, you should water your palm tree several times per week, depending on the specific climate and the type of palm tree you have.
Watering your palm tree can go from daily to every other day or even weekly, depending on the weather and your specific palm tree’s needs.
How often you need to water an outdoor palm tree will depend on several factors, including your local climate and soil conditions and the age and size of your particular plant.
Generally speaking, younger trees will require more frequent watering than older ones since younger plants typically have smaller root systems requiring more regular moisture.
Additionally, if you live in very hot or dry areas, you may need to water your palm tree more frequently than if you reside in a wetter or cooler region.
Ultimately, knowing when and how much to water outdoor palm trees is key to keeping it healthy and strong.
How Often Should I Water a Potted Palm Tree
Whether you have an indoor or outdoor potted palm tree, it is essential to give it the proper care and attention to thrive.
One of the most important aspects of potted palm care is watering your plant regularly.
In general, potted palm trees should be watered whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.
However, this will vary depending on the type of palm tree, the size of the pot, and the climate.
Palm trees may need to be watered 2 to 3 times a week during hot weather.
Conversely, they may only need to be watered once a week during cooler weather.
It’s important to keep an eye on your palm tree and water it as needed to stay healthy and vibrant.
How Often Should I Water My Palm in the Winter
In the winter, palms require less water than they do in the summer.
Depending on the climate, weather, and type of palm, gardeners should water their palms anywhere from once a week to once a month.
As you care for your palm tree during the winter months, it is important to be mindful of how much water you give it.
In general, you should aim to keep the soil around your palm slightly dry to avoid overwatering and potentially damaging your plant.
To determine whether or not your palm needs more water, periodically check the top inch of soil for dryness and water accordingly.
Additionally, you can look for other signs that your palm may need more moisture, such as wilting leaves or brown palm leaves.
By paying attention to your palm’s needs and adjusting your watering schedule as needed, you can help keep it healthy and strong all year round.
How Do You Know When a Palm Plant Needs Water?
One of the most important aspects of palm plant care is knowing how and when to water your plant.
As a general rule, palm plants should be watered whenever the top inch of soil feels dry to the touch.
However, this will vary depending on several factors, including climate conditions, the age and size of your plant, and how much sun it receives.
Additionally, you may need to water your palm plant more frequently in hot or dry weather.
To determine whether or not your palm needs more water, you need to be able to identify the signs of overwatering and underwatering.
What Does an Overwatered Palm Tree Look Like?
If you are overwatering your palm plant, you will notice several visible signs.
The most common signs of overwatering include:
- Wilting or drooping leaves
- Yellowing, browning, or spotted foliage
- Mold growth on the soil surface or the plant’s stems
- Root rot
- Stunted growth
If you notice any of these signs, it’s important to take action right away.
Reducing the amount of water you give your palm plant will help to prevent further damage and encourage new growth.
What Does an Underwatered Palm Tree Look Like?
On the other hand, if you are underwatering your palm plant, you may notice several different signs.
Common signs of underwatered palms include:
- Dry and brittle foliage
- Pale or yellowed palm leaves
- Slow growth rates
- Cracked or shriveled stems and trunk
- Brown palm tree leaves
If you notice any of these signs, it is important to take action immediately.
Increasing the amount of water you give your palm plant can help restore its health and vigor.
Additionally, keeping up with regular watering and monitoring your palm’s needs will help prevent further issues in the future.
By being aware of the signs of both overwatering and underwatering, you can help keep your palm plant healthy and strong.
How Long Can Palm Trees Go Without Water
The palm tree is a fascinating tropical plant, renowned for its long lifespan and tolerance to harsh conditions.
These trees have evolved several impressive adaptations to survive in the harsh climate of many tropical areas.
For example, they can reduce water loss by reducing transpiration via special membranes in their leaves.
In addition, they can also store water in their large leaves and trunks.
However, despite all of these adaptations, there is a limit to how long a palm tree can remain healthy without regular watering.
Generally speaking, most palm trees will only be able to survive for 1-2 weeks without any water at all.
After this period has elapsed, the tree will begin to show signs of stress, such as wilting leaves or discoloration of the trunk.
Fortunately, given adequate rainfall or irrigation during this period, a palm tree is likely to recover fully from this temporary drought stress.
How Much Water Do Palm Trees Need?
The amount of water that a palm tree needs will vary depending on several factors, including the climate, soil type, and size of the tree.
However, most palm trees will need to be watered once or twice per week during the growing season.
When the tree is dormant during the winter months, it will need much less water, and you may only need to water it once every 2-4 weeks.
Additionally, if you live in an area with high temperatures and low humidity, you may need to water your palm tree more frequently.
When watering your palm tree, it is essential to give it a deep watering.
This means that you should water the tree slowly and deeply until the water begins to run out of the drainage holes in the pot.
Allowing the tree to sit in water for extended periods can lead to root rot, so be sure to empty any standing water from the pot after watering.
How Do You Water Palm Trees?
When watering palm trees, it is important to use lukewarm water.
Cold water can shock the roots of the tree and cause damage.
Water the tree slowly and evenly until the soil is thoroughly moistened.
If you are watering a large palm tree, you may need to use a garden hose or other sprinkler system.
However, for smaller palm trees and potted palms, it is best to water the tree by hand using a watering can or sink sprayer.
Don’t forget to empty any standing water from the pot after watering, as this can lead to root rot.
Whether you are a novice gardener or an expert palm enthusiast, knowing how often to water your palm trees is essential for ensuring their health and vitality.
Many different factors determine how frequently you need to water your plants, such as the type of palm tree, the climate in your region, and the soil conditions in your garden.
However, as a general rule of thumb, most palm trees need to be watered 2 to 3 times per week, depending on their individual needs.
To ensure that your palm trees are getting all of the water and nutrients they need to thrive, it is important to pay close attention to their soil condition.
Ensure that your palm plants have well-draining soil, as overly wet or soggy soils can lead to root rot and other problems.
In addition, be sure to check the soil’s moisture level before watering your palms.
If the soil is already moist, you likely do not need to water your plants again.
By following these simple tips, you can ensure that your palm trees stay healthy and happy for years to come.
So go ahead and get out there and start watering your palms!
How often to water a house palm tree in a pot at home?
Growing palm trees at home is a responsible procedure that requires certain knowledge and skills from the florist. You need to know the requirements for maintaining a tree, because despite its unpretentiousness, it can start to hurt and develop poorly if you do not follow it at all. When ordering a finished plant, you will partially save yourself from most of the difficulties in the first stages, since the indoor palm flower will already be planted in a pot equipped with automatic watering. This is very convenient for beginner florists who have no experience.
1.How to water a palm tree immediately after purchase?
2. Watering an adult palm tree
3. What water to water?
4. Diseases due to excessive watering
The main thing in care is timely and correct watering. For him, you need to use only good water and do not skip the schedule of procedures. If the tree is properly cared for, it will be able to grow, develop, and soon even begin to bloom. In this article we will talk about care features and tell you how to water a palm tree at home.
How to water a palm tree immediately after purchase?
This is a very individual question, since right after the purchase the palm tree will need good care. You should ask the florist about how the plant was monitored and take the necessary measures in order to provide the tree with proper comfort. Here, much depends on watering, which should be timely and not particularly plentiful.
Here are some tips.
- after purchase, inspect the soil, if it is very wet, postpone watering for 2-3 days;
- in the summer, the “recruit” is watered immediately, as soon as they are brought home and then after 3-4 days;
- in the warm season, the leaves are additionally sprayed with a spray bottle;
- in winter, the first moistening of the soil can be carried out after 5-7 days, then watered every 7-10 days;
- in addition to water, specialized top dressings from the store are introduced into the soil in summer.
Immediately after purchase, it is better to quarantine the palm tree for 2 weeks, isolating it from other plants. This is a reasonable precaution so as not to infect other flora in case the tree is sick with something. Even with the worst outcome, you will have to treat one plant, not the entire home garden.
Watering an adult palm tree
Once the plant has adapted, you can proceed to further care for it, providing it with good moisture:
- Water the palm tree in moderate dosages to moisten the topsoil. Water is added in small portions around the entire periphery of the pot.
- In summer, the tree is moistened 2-3 times a week, in winter - once every 7-10 days. It is necessary to strictly maintain the intervals between these procedures.
- If the room is stuffy, moisten the leaves. For adult trees, it is enough to use a cloth dipped in water, but for young ladies, a spray bottle is suitable. Spraying is carried out daily.
- Be sure to use a planter with drainage holes, without them it is very difficult to control watering. At the bottom of the pot, you need to lay expanded clay, crushed stone or any other stones, then sprinkle with sand. The soil is already poured from above, so all excess moisture will merge from it.
- For effective watering, create good conditions for the palm - choose a lighted place, but without direct sunlight. Avoid cold, drafts and maintain the optimum temperature: +25-30℃ in summer and +15-17℃ in winter.
According to these rules, the palm tree is constantly looked after, watching the tree. If watering is moderate and correct, then the plant will develop perfectly. Much depends on the temperature, it affects the evaporation of water. Since it is higher in summer, the soil is watered more often, and the leaves are additionally sprayed.
What water to use?
Samples from the tap should not be used, they can cause serious harm because they contain chorus and other harmful substances. Ideally, collect rainwater, which must additionally be settled. For irrigation, only clean liquid is used, the sediment is quite dangerous for the soil. You can purchase a small pitcher to provide metered watering.
If it is not possible to collect rainwater, you can use ordinary, but filtered water. It must also be defended, and then poured into a container, the sediment is also not used. We observe the multiplicity according to the recommendations that were described above.
It is forbidden to use melt water from snow collected on the street. It also contains many impurities that can harm the palm. Follow these rules and the tree will receive a sufficient amount of moisture that is useful for growth.
Diseases due to excessive watering
Excessive watering can seriously harm the palm tree, because it does not like excess moisture. Irrigation must be carried out on time, without missing the frequency of procedures, but at the same time without flooding the soil. Moisture is introduced moderately, the intervals recommended by florists are strictly observed.
The table shows signs of palm diseases due to excessive watering:
|Mold growth||Due to waterlogging of the soil, a white coating first appears on its surface, which can gradually spread to the entire surface of the soil. If nothing is done, the mold will damage the stem.|
|Root rot||Due to damage to the roots, the stem begins to rot, which can lead to wilting and even death of the tree.|
|Attack brown||The appearance of brown spots on the leaves, which may be small or large. Such symptoms also indicate waterlogging of the soil.|
|White Leprosy||This is the spread of a soil-dwelling fungus onto the stem. In addition to moderate watering, treatment with fungicidal preparations is required.|
In all these cases, the starting factor for the appearance of diseases is abundant watering. It is easy to recognize it - the soil is damp, literally "dirty", the soil is rather sour. If you draw a tool along it 1-2 cm deep, then the surface layer will be completely damp. Often this occurs if you do not use a pot with drain holes. Also, when transplanting, it is necessary to ensure proper drainage by laying crushed stone and sand on the bottom of the tank and only then sprinkling everything with soil.
home care, transplanting and propagation, cultivation problems
Palm family. Fine representatives of this family are the best representatives of ornamental and deciduous plants for growing indoors, although the best place for a palm tree is in a winter garden. Most palms are native to the tropics and subtropics. At home, palm trees grow to enormous sizes, for example, leaves can reach 15-17 m in length and 2 m in width. Nevertheless, many of the palm trees turned out to be rather unpretentious, and their rather slow growth allows them to be successfully grown in city apartments.
There are several types of so-called house palms - they can be grown as houseplants. Conventionally, according to the shape of the leaves, they can be divided into two groups:
- pinnate (dipsis, coconut, date, howea, hamedorea)
- fan leaves (karyota, chamerops, trachycarpus, liviston).
Palm care at home
Most home grown palm trees require a fairly large space. The living room or hall is best suited. Even if your palm tree is not large, it is still a single plant, and nothing should interfere with it. By the way, if there is a cat in the house, then keep in mind that a palm tree can turn out to be a very tasty green for her. Caring for palm trees is simple: timely watering, annual transplantation, periodic top dressing and rinsing the leaves from dust.
The room where the palm tree will grow should be bright, with good sunlight. Bright diffused light is best, since not all palm trees tolerate direct sun well, most of them require shading in the hottest spring and summer time - from 11 am to 4 pm from the south and west. As a shade in the summer, a light tulle curtain on the window is enough. But this is only in summer, and from August to February, palm trees are not afraid of any sun. In winter in mid-latitudes, shading is not required at all.
Very often people try to decorate the dark corners of a room with palm trees, forgetting that there are no shade-loving indoor plants, only shade-tolerant ones. In addition, the crown of palm trees is spreading and requires uniform lighting from all sides. Therefore, already a meter from the window, it is desirable to organize additional lighting with fluorescent lamps.
Tropical palm trees require keeping in winter in moderately warm or warm rooms, where from 16 to 24°C. Palm trees, which are native to the subtropics, are best kept in winter only in cool rooms, where the temperature is about 8-12 ° C. All palm trees do not tolerate drafts well. It is especially necessary to be wary of cold air when airing a room in winter through a window and a door. Palm roots are very sensitive to cold, so do not place palm pots directly on a cold window sill or marble floor slabs. So that the root system does not overcool, a pot with a palm tree is placed in another, larger pot, or a wooden tub, and the space between the walls of the containers is covered with expanded clay, filled with sphagnum moss, or peat.
- Warm room palms: areca, coconut, cariota, chamedorea, acanthophenix, phoenix Robelini - require warm content and high humidity.
- Temperate indoor palms: hovei (Belmora, Forstera), Bonneti coco, geonoma, clinostigma, ropalostylis, rapis.
- Cool indoor palms: chamerops, brachea, washingtonia, trachycarpus, etc.
All palms, even those that come from dry areas, are quite moisture-loving, so watering is plentiful in summer, almost every day, and moderate in winter. But this concept of moisture-loving applies only to palm trees planted in loose soil with good drainage. Those. when watering, the earth should have time to dry out in the upper third of the pot. And in the depths (if you touch it with your finger) - be slightly moist all the time, but not damp. The frequency of watering directly depends on the air temperature, for example, when keeping a palm tree in a very cool room in winter (about 5-7 ° C), the plant is watered very rarely (once every 1. 5-2 months), or watering is replaced by light spraying. Caring for palm trees also consists in periodically loosening the topsoil after watering.
Palm trees love moist air, the optimum humidity for them is 40-50%. Therefore, palm trees need regular spraying, especially in summer in the heat and in winter in a heated room. Due to the dryness of the air, palm trees suffer greatly (the ends of the leaves dry) and lose their decorative appeal (see below). The water for spraying should be warm, while spraying the plant on both sides of the leaves. In winter, in apartments, the humidity is on average 20-25%, while spraying only temporarily alleviates the situation, but in no case should watering be increased. Remember that extra watering does not compensate for the lack of humidity! In such cases, hanging the batteries with wet sheets and installing an air humidifier helps, and for small palm trees, placing the pot on a wide tray with wet expanded clay or sphagnum moss.
How to transplant a palm tree
Soil - 2 parts light clay-turf, 2 parts humus-leaf, 1 part peat, 1 part rotted manure, 1 part sand and some charcoal. This is a very nutritious soil. On poorer potting mixes, palm trees will not grow well. Palm trees are transplanted in the spring. Young palms up to 3 years - annually, older than 3 years - after 3-5 years. In general, palm trees do not really like transplantation, but if it is carried out correctly, they tolerate it well. One of the conditions for a correct transplant is the selection of appropriate dishes. To do this, you need to examine the root system of the plant - if the roots have grown in width, closer to the walls of the pot, then take a new pot of larger diameter; if the roots grew predominantly downward, i.e. deep into the pot, then a new pot should be larger than before, but not in diameter, but in height.
If diseased or damaged roots are found during transplantation, they must be removed without damaging healthy tissues.
Before planting in a pot, be sure to put good drainage and compost (well-rotted manure) is applied on top of it in a layer of 3-8 cm, depending on the age of the plant and the size of the dish. Then the plant is placed in a pot and covered with earth, while the soil is slightly compacted. After transplanting palm trees, even sun-loving ones do not put in direct sunlight. Watering the first two weeks after transplantation is moderate.
If the roots of a palm tree protrude strongly from the pot, it is best to cover them with damp moss. Since adult palm trees are transplanted after a few years, and they consume nutrients quickly, despite regular top dressing in spring and summer, it is recommended to annually (if the root system allows) to remove the top layer of the earth (the most depleted), and replace it with fresh nutrient soil (you can compost - it, unlike fresh manure, does not smell).
Apply top dressing in cases where the plant is healthy and is in a period of growth, and not dormancy. Fertilize palm trees after 2-3 weeks with fertilizers for decorative and deciduous plants.
Top dressing is carried out only after the earth ball is watered and soaked with water. You can feed with any purchased fertilizers suitable for palm trees, for example, "Ideal", "Uniflor-growth", "Tsniflor-micro", "Giant", etc. Do not feed palm trees in autumn and winter, as well as the first two months after transplanting into fresh earth.
To prevent the attack of thrips, aphids and other pests, periodically wipe the leaves of palm trees with a damp sponge, and small plants can be immersed with leaves in warm water with a solution of Persian chamomile or green soap. After 30 minutes, the plant must be washed with clean warm water. Palm trees are regularly sprayed, taken out in the rain in the summer, or at home for a shower, if the size of the plant allows.
Propagation of palm trees
Palm trees can be propagated by seeds, but this is quite difficult and not everyone succeeds. Palm seeds quickly lose their germination. Palm seeds germinate in an average of 20-30 days (liviston, washingtonia, sabal, trachycarpus), with soil heating, palm seeds stored for 3-4 years germinate in 2-4 months. Therefore, buy only fresh seeds, best in flower shops.
Before sowing, large seeds with a hard shell must be carefully filed so as not to damage the seed itself, small seeds, but also with a hard shell, are soaked for 3-4 days in warm water (30-35 ° C). Sowing seeds is best done in late winter or early spring. Seeds are soaked in warm water for 2-3 days before sowing. Pots for planting seedlings take no more than 15 cm in height, otherwise the roots of the seedlings grow strongly in length. At the bottom of the pot there must be one or more holes for water to drain.
First, put a good drainage from a crock and a mixture of river sand and expanded clay (broken red brick or small pieces of foam plastic) into the pot, then pour in a soil mixture consisting of 1 part of soddy soil and 3 parts of coarse sand. Pure river sand is poured over the soil mixture with a layer of 4 cm, into which palm seeds are sown, no deeper than 2-3 cm. The sowing density is 3-3.5 cm between the seeds. To keep the soil moist, cover it with a small layer of moss on top. The optimum temperature for seed germination is 20-22°C for subtropical palms and 28-30°C. Seedlings are watered daily with water, the temperature of which is not lower than room temperature.
When the germinated seedlings grow their first leaf, 8-10 cm in size, they are transplanted into pots 9 cm in diameter in a soil mixture consisting of 3 parts soddy, 2 parts humus, 2 parts leafy earth and 1 part sand. Good drainage is also poured into the bottom of the pot. If the seedling has a very long root, then it is folded in a spiral and covered with earth, while it is necessary to save the remainder of the seed, which will provide nutrition for the young plant. The soil is compacted and watered abundantly.
It is even more convenient to sow palm seeds in peat tablets.