How often water orange tree


Here's How Often You Should Actually Water An Orange Tree

Have you ever wondered about the amount of water you should be giving your citrus tree or, more specifically, your orange tree? Especially as a new orange tree owner, this is a great question and one that might seem a little bit confusing at first. So, how much should you water an orange tree?

A young orange tree should be watered every few days, but a more mature tree can be watered anywhere from weekly to about once a month. If it’s during the dry season, you should water your orange tree every few days or when the soil has dried up. During the rainy season, you may not need to water your orange tree.

To understand the needs of an orange tree, we should first briefly discuss what this tree is, exactly and, later, how to care for your tree beyond watering practices. So, what are you waiting for? Let’s get into it!

Just to add – when you shop using links from Tree Journey, we may earn affiliate commissions if you make a purchase. As an Amazon Associate, we earn from qualifying purchases.

How Much Water Does An Orange Tree Need?

Orange trees are citrus trees and are related to about 60 other species within that citrus genus. This type of tree may be known for growing in drier, more tropical environments but what does that mean in terms of the amount of water and other support you give your growing tree?

Citrus trees, by nature, don’t need quite as much water as other types of deciduous trees. 

However, while overwatering is a genuine concern, in this case, so is underwatering. 

You’ll want to maintain a good balance when it comes to how much you decide to water your citrus tree, as well as how often watering is to occur.

A young orange tree, for example, is going to need much less water than a larger and more mature tree.

While a young orange tree should be watered every few days, a more mature tree can be watered anywhere from weekly to once or twice a month.  

This is all contingent upon what kind of soil the tree is planted in, how hot the temperature may be, and what other environmental factors may need to be considered.

The University of Arizona’s College of Agriculture notes that the method known as basin irrigation is the easiest watering method for a homeowner. 

This method entails a simple process, which includes building a basin around the tree that is at least as wide as the canopy

If you extend the basin a bit further, about a foot beyond the canopy of the tree, you’ll have a higher chance of covering the majority of the roots

Then, you will just simply fill the basin as the orange tree needs water. This method helps to ensure that your tree will retain the water it is given, as opposed to losing much of it to the soil around the tree.

What Else Do Orange Trees Need Besides Proper Watering?

There are some important things to consider when looking at the success of your orange tree which, in turn, leads to the quality of the oranges you will see being produced. 

If you’re hoping to produce great oranges and know that your tree is growing at the best rate with the strongest possibilities for success, then you’ll want to consider a few factors.

Alright, so let’s get into it!

1. Good Soil

What exactly does this mean? Is there a certain type of soil that orange trees will do best in?

Since an orange tree is a citrus tree, it is going to do best with soil that is slightly acidic, anywhere from 5.0 to 6.5 on the pH scale

You can use a product like this Garden Tutor Soil pH Test Kit to check the pH of the soil you’ve already got. 

If you are looking to add soil that has the correct pH and other properties, you could begin with Soil Sunrise Citrus Plant and Tree Soil, which comes in an 8-quart bag and is hand mixed.  

On that note, the location in which an orange tree is planted will have a huge effect on the way it can grow and flourish.

2. Good Climate And Location

The location that your tree is planted in has a lot to do with the overall success of the tree and the fruit it can produce. 

If you’ve never heard of USDA Hardiness Zones, these are going to change your tree-growing life!

They refer to regions across the United States with varying average annual minimum winter temperatures. 

That’s a mouthful, huh? Really, they offer an easy way to differentiate the minimum temperatures in a certain region. 

For example, USDA Hardiness Zone 9a refers to any region whose average minimum temperature in the winter months gets down to about (but not below) 20 to 25 degrees Fahrenheit. 

Orange trees can thrive in USDA hardiness zones 9-11, meaning that minimum temperatures from 20 to 45 degrees Fahrenheit are the lowest range of temperatures that will not cause undue stress on the tree.  

The entire southern United States, from Southern California to Florida, has the proper environment for growing orange trees.

3. Limited Weeds

Keeping weeds away from your trees might seem simple, and maybe even a little obvious, but you’d be surprised by how often this step is overlooked. 

Weeds require water and nutrients that are quickly sapped from your tree, making you orange tree watering efforts less worthwhile. 

So, take a minute and wack those weeds every once in a while!

We’ve got even more on tropical trees, check out our article on palm trees 5 Reasons New Orleans Has Palm Trees (Plus Growing Tips)

Promote Healthy Orange Tree Growth By Watering, Fertilizing And Trimming

There are a few more easy steps that you can take to keep your tree maintained on a regular basis, not just when you are trying to make sure it is being properly watered. 

So here are a few more things you can do to have a happy tree!

1. Monitor Your Orange Tree

One aspect of general tree maintenance is the simple act of keeping an eye out for anything that seems out of the ordinary. 

By checking your tree every once in a while, you’ll be able to notice early signs of disease, infestation, malnourishment, underwatering, and more. 

This can be crucial when it comes to preventative measures, as well.

2.

Hydrate Your Orange Tree So It Can Create More Oranges

Speaking of preventative measures, watering should be done regularly based on the size and age of the tree. Remember, a young tree may need to be watered every couple of days, while a more mature tree that retains more water (if it is healthy and properly cared for) might only need to be watered twice a month or so.

3.

Promote Growth Of Your Orange Tree By Fertilizing 

As you probably know by now, especially if you are an avid reader of ours, fertilizing is one of the absolute best things you can do for your plants.  

This is an especially important tactic when you are trying to promote healthy and sustainable growth in your tree.

So, what kind of fertilizer would be the most beneficial for an orange tree?

Great question!

Have you ever heard of an NPK value? If not, it stands for Nitrogen, Phosphorus, and Potassium, and refers to the balance of these three different elements in any given fertilizer. 

As a citrus tree, orange trees will tend to need a balanced fertilizer, NPK 6-6-6 for example, that also contains other minerals such as zinc, iron, copper, and others. 

If you want to opt for a fertilizer that is citrus-oriented but also won’t break your bank, you can trust Miracle-Gro Shake’N Feed Citrus, Avocado, and Mango Plant Food, this is a game-changer!

4.

Prune The Branches Of Your Orange Tree

Pruning is another important tactic when it comes to making sure that your tree is in tip-top shape. By removing any dead, weak, decaying, or infested orange tree branches as needed, the rest of your tree can put its energy into growth as opposed to fighting off any sort of issues that come from damaged branches. 

You can use a cheap but good quality set of shears like these Gonicc 8” Professional Sharp Bypass Pruning Shears for ease and the confidence of knowing that you have a good product to use.

Orange You Glad You Stuck With Us?

Sorry for that one, but we had to. 

Anyway, thanks for sticking around to learn about some methods to best care for your orange tree. We wish you the best of luck as you continue along your tree journey. 

May your tree produce the best, juiciest oranges while you endure the least stress and work!

Until next time friends, see you soon.

Learn more about tropical trees in our article Here’s How Tall Coconut Trees Actually Grow!

References

González, Z. , Rosal, A., Requejo, A., & Rodríguez, A. (2011). Production of pulp and energy using orange tree prunings. Bioresource Technology, 102(19), 9330-9334.

Phogat, V., Skewes, M. A., Cox, J. W., Alam, J., Grigson, G., & Šimůnek, J. (2013). Evaluation of water movement and nitrate dynamics in a lysimeter planted with an orange tree. Agricultural water management, 127, 74-84.

Signs of Overwatering in Orange Trees | Home Guides

By Renee Miller Updated December 14, 2018

Orange trees are grown in tropical and subtropical climates, although they attain the best quality under subtropical conditions. In Mediterranean climates, which are subtropical, the fruit of an orange tree often has a thick peel and bright orange flesh. Water is essential for orange trees because it moves nutrients through the tree, and helps maintain leaf and fruit turgidity. However, overwatering an orange tree can lead to a number of problems with foliage, fruit and roots.

Leaf Curl

If you notice that the leaves of your orange tree are curling, they’re probably getting too much water. Leaf curl often is the first sign of water issues for an orange tree. Orange trees should be planted to allow good air circulation through the foliage. This ensures that leaves will dry off between rains or watering. The soil must be able to dry out between watering or the excess moisture is absorbed by the tree’s roots. Often the best time to water an orange tree is in the morning, so that the soil has time to dry.

Leaf Discoloration and Drop

Overwatering an orange tree can cause the leaves to turn pale green or yellowish. This discoloration is due to the roots being unable to distribute nutrients because they are waterlogged, or because root rot has set in. Over time, the discolored leaves may drop. Follow a reduced watering schedule until symptoms disappear. If they do not go away, or the tree begins to decline, the fungi that cause root rot already may have set into the roots.

Phytophthora Root Rot

Too much water can cause the roots of your orange tree to rot. Phytophthora fungi live as spores in the soil, and moist conditions provide an opportunity for it to thrive. Signs of phytophthora root rot include the leaves turning pale green or yellow and eventual decline in growth and tree health. Ensure your orange tree has well-drained soil and cut back on watering to prevent further damage. Severe infections may be treated with fungicides containing mefenoxam or fosetyl-al.

Split Fruit

Oranges that split before harvest indicate overwatering. This problem usually occurs in the early fall when the fruit are mature in size, so the peel no longer is expanding. However, if the fruit still is getting water, it will continue to absorb the moisture and the peel splits because it cannot expand. This splitting often leads to decay and then insect infestation. If the fruits on your orange tree are splitting, there is not much you can do to fix the problem. However, stop watering and allow the soil to dry out to a depth of about 3 to 6 inches to prevent further damage or root rot.

Proper Watering

Orange trees should be watered every few days during the first couple of weeks after planting. Once they’ve established, this watering should be decreased gradually to intervals of 7 to 28 days depending on the time of year and the soil type. For example, well-drained soil requires more frequent watering in hot, dry weather, but if you’ve experienced a lot of rain, watering may not be necessary for weeks. Watering should be slow and thorough, soaking the first few inches of soil from the trunk of the tree to just beyond the drip line. Allow the soil to dry out to a depth of 6 inches before watering again.

References

  • University of Florida Extension: FAQs – Citrus
  • Texas A&M University System: Home Fruit Production -- Oranges
  • University of California: Citrus Phytophthora Root Rot
  • University of Arizona Cooperative Extension: Diagnosing Home Citrus Problems
  • University of Florida Extension: Citrus Problems in the Home Landscape
  • University of Arizona: Irrigating Citrus Trees

Writer Bio

Renee Miller began writing professionally in 2008, contributing to websites and the "Community Press" newspaper. She is co-founder of On Fiction Writing, a website for writers. Miller holds a diploma in social services from Clarke College in Belleville, Ontario.

Room orange - Citrus sinensis. Orange care, cultivation

Orange or Orange tree (lat. Citrus sinensis) is an evergreen tree of the Rut family, originally from China. These beautiful trees were grown in China as early as 200 BC.

The Portuguese brought the orange tree to Europe in the 15th century, and at first only aristocrats could taste the sweet fruit. Orange came to Russia only in the 17th century and became an exquisite delicacy of the nobles.

Orange fruits contain a whole complex of vitamins. Orange juice is recommended for the treatment of hypovitaminosis, vascular and liver diseases, and metabolic disorders. These citrus fruits contain special substances, pectins, which improve the functioning of the large intestine and the digestive process in general.

Potted oranges are small evergreen trees. Mature plants reach a height of 1-2 m. They bloom with fragrant white flowers. Fruiting of indoor oranges usually begins at the age of 3-5 years, depending on the variety.

Indoor orange - popular varieties :

Pavlovsky orange : ornamental low-growing variety, up to 1m high. The fruits ripen within 7-9 months. Propagated in March by cuttings.

Gamlin : medium-sized, early maturing variety. The height of an adult plant rarely exceeds 1.5 m. The fruits have juicy pulp, few seeds, and taste sweet and sour. They ripen in late autumn.

Washington Navel Orange : Early maturing, medium-sized variety, most common in indoor gardening. The height of an adult tree reaches 1-2 m. It blooms in spring with white fragrant flowers at 3-4 years of age. The fruits are juicy, sweet and sour, weighing up to 200-300 g. Propagated by cuttings.

You can buy indoor orange and Washington Navel seedlings in our store

Lighting : Orange is a light-loving plant. The optimal place for growing is near the southern and eastern windows. In order to avoid burns on the leaves in a particularly hot time, it is better to shade the tree. For uniform development of the crown, wrap the pot with the plant around the axis. Sunlight for an orange tree is especially important during fruit ripening, with a lack of light, the fruits become less sweet.

In summer, it is desirable to take the orange tree out into the open air: balcony, terrace, garden. Fresh air will give strength to your pet.

Temperature : The optimum temperature for budding and flowering is 15-18°C. At a higher temperature (about 25-28°C) intensive growth of this heat-loving tree begins. Indoor orange does not tolerate cold, so make sure that the temperature does not fall below 5 ° C.

Humidity: In order for your tree to feel comfortable, it needs to be sprayed periodically (at least once a day). Humidity is especially relevant for a plant in rooms with dry air.

Watering : In spring and summer the orange should be given plenty of water. The plant does not tolerate overdrying of the soil. In autumn, watering is reduced from 1 time per day to 2 times a week.

Top dressing : Start fertilizing the orange in spring with ready-made fertilizers for citrus fruits or diluted in water (1 to 20) and infused for a week with chicken manure.

Transfer remove the plant from the pot with an earthy clod and place it in a larger pot, adding the required amount of soil. It is not recommended to transplant an orange tree during flowering or fruiting. Therefore, you need to do this in the spring, before the start of the growing season.

Transplantation of fruiting oranges is carried out no more than 1 time in 2-3 years. The soil for transplantation is prepared from a mixture of soddy, leafy soil, humus, sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1 for young seedlings and in a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1 for adult plants.

Important : Make sure the plant has good drainage.

Cutting and shaping . You need to cut off the branches growing inside the crown, which thicken it. It is also necessary to cut off weak and strongly elongated shoots. On the branches of the first order, a couple of branches of the second order are left, on the branches of the second - three to five branches of the third. On branches of the fourth order, orange fruits are usually formed.

Orange blossom . The fragrant aroma will immediately remind you of the presence of an orange tree. Orange blooms with white fragrant flowers, usually in summer, sometimes flower buds are tied at other times of the year.

Fruiting : Orange begins fruiting at 3-4 years of age. In order for the plant to feel comfortable and have the strength to develop and bear fruit, it is necessary to cut off about half of the buds. When the orange first blooms, leave 3-4 ovaries. In older plants (4-6 years old), 5-7 ovaries can be left.

Propagation : Oranges are usually propagated by cuttings, seeds and grafting. But if you want to get juicy fruits with a rich taste, then it is better to buy an indoor orange seedling in a specialized store. The fact is that an orange grown from a seed begins to bear fruit after about 15 years, and cuttings are difficult to root.

Diseases and pests . The orange tree is most often affected by scale insects and spider mites.

A good remedy against scale insects is to wipe the leaves and branches with a cotton swab dipped in emulsion: 2 tbsp. spoons of washing powder, 40 g of laundry soap, diluted in 1 glass of water. 3-4 hours after wiping, wash off the composition from the tree, making sure that the water with the emulsion does not enter the soil. Repeat the treatment 2 more times within 2 weeks.

Soap suds help against spider mites. Treat the leaves and branches of the plant once a month. After processing (when the tree dries), wash off the foam in the shower, after covering the ground with a plastic bag.

Room orange in winter . In the autumn-winter period, limit watering, remove the plant away from heating appliances. If the plant is at rest, then the temperature should be maintained at 10-12°C.

Interesting facts about the orange : In the Middle Ages, orange peel was used to cure fever, orange juice served as a remedy for scurvy, oranges were used for intestinal and kidney diseases.

VIDEO: ROOM LEMONS, ORANGE, TANGERINES

How to properly care for citrus fruits. Transplantation, cultivation of indoor citrus fruits.

Photo Orange

How to care for an orange tree at home in a pot

Content:

  • common varieties
  • Therapeutic properties
  • Settled at home
  • 9
  • Cap Temperature
  • Lighting
  • Watering and spraying

    Common varieties

    Orange belongs to the citrus family Rutaceae. Varieties of the orange tree are classified according to the rate of fruit ripening, taste, shape, size and color of the peel and pulp. You can buy them on the Internet, for example, on Ozon, after studying the reviews about working in the group https://vk.com/rabota_v_ozon_otzivi. The most common varieties of oranges are:

    • Washington Navel orange;
    • Gamlin;
    • Salustiana;
    • Verna;
    • Navel Lathe;
    • Kara-Kara;
    • Navelina.

    Also distinguish about 80 hybrids of orange with other fruits.

    House-grown orange tree

    Medicinal properties

    The useful properties of the orange tree and its fruits are distinguished separately, although they do not contradict each other, but rather complement.

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    The tree has a strong trunk, thick bark and an abundant crown. Dense leathery leaves are filled with essential oils. Thanks to this, they purify the air in the room, give a delicate delicate aroma. The phytoncides that the tree emits into the environment can destroy pathogenic bacteria and improve sleep. Therefore, growing an orange tree at home is a prevention of colds and viral diseases for the whole family.

    The fruits of the plant have a lot of useful substances capable of not only preventive measures, but also the treatment of various diseases. The most important component of an orange is vitamin C, slightly less vitamins of groups A, B, E. The fruit also contains minerals, sugars, pectins, essential oils and citric acid.

    Please note! Since oranges are a strong allergen, they should be used with caution by people prone to allergies. Pregnant and lactating women, people with stomach or intestinal ulcers, it is best to exclude fruit from the diet. Also, taking precautionary measures, people with diabetes should consume oranges, as the fruits contain a large amount of sugar.

    The juicy fruits of the orange, loved by many

    How the orange settled at home

    The first description of orange trees is found in China, it is dated approximately 2500 BC. During the Renaissance, this plant first appeared in Europe and quickly gained popularity. The rampant fashion for this citrus fruit has led to the invention of greenhouses - indoor, fully or partially glass rooms designed to grow orange trees.

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    However, not everyone who wanted to grow oranges had the opportunity to build a building from expensive material. It was then that they tried to germinate an orange at home. In addition, this method was great for residents of the northern countries of Europe, for example, England and Sweden. Since then, several varieties of orange trees have been bred to grow and bear fruit successfully in closed, poorly lit areas. Also, these varieties are endowed with increased resistance to frost and stress.

    Please note! Washington orange was bred in the middle of the 18th century. and is the most popular among amateur flower growers. It grows no more than 120 cm in height.

    Caring for an orange tree at home:

    In order for the plant to feel good in conditions different from natural, it is necessary to follow the basic rules. They will bring the plant as close as possible to its native environment.

    Temperature

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    For the successful development of the orange, as well as the uniform growth of shoots and leaves, it is necessary to maintain a temperature not lower than 16 °C and not higher than 28 °C. In order for a homemade orange to bloom and fruit ovaries to appear, during the growing season it is necessary to maintain a temperature not exceeding 17 ° C. As a rule, this time comes in early - mid-spring. During the winter dormant period, the plant is comfortable at a temperature of 12-14 °C.

    Important! If the room temperature exceeds these figures, then it is better to take the orange to a closed balcony, closet or other suitable room.

    Lighting

    The orange tree needs a lot of light. No wonder it is simply called "sunny fruit". It is best to install the pot near a window facing east or west. In this case, the orange will receive the necessary diffused light.

    If it is not possible to install the plant on the east or west side, then you can use the south or north window, but observe additional measures. Direct sunlight can cause burns to the tree, so the light must be shaded and diffused. On the north side, on the contrary, additional lighting may be required.

    Watering and spraying

    Air and soil moisture is an important factor in orange tree cultivation. Orange loves the enemy, but in moderation. The overflow of the plant should not be allowed, as the roots in stagnant water can rot or be subjected to a fungal attack. In hot weather, the plant needs to be watered with settled water once a day. The rest of the time, 2-3 times a week, as the topsoil dries up.

    Important! Air humidity near the plant should be at least 40%, so you should periodically spray water around the orange with a spray bottle.

    Soil

    Orange soil can be prepared by yourself. Ready-made can be bought in flower or garden stores. To prepare the soil with your own hands, you need to take 1 part of peat, 1 part of river sand and 2 parts of fertile soil. Before planting a plant, the ground must be prepared, that is, heat treated. For this, either high or low temperatures are used. Roasting the soil or its emergency freezing helps to destroy bacteria and pest larvae.

    Important! After heat treatment, it is necessary to wait until the soil reaches room temperature, in order to avoid burns or frostbite of the root system.

    Top dressing

    Feed and fertilize the plant at least once every 15-20 days. In order for indoor orange to develop better, grow new shoots, form buds and fruits, it must be fertilized with minerals and organic fertilizers. Complex preparations are suitable, for example, phytosporin, rotted plants, ash, drunk coffee or tea.

    Winter care

    Keeping an orange tree during its dormant period is reduced to watering and planting in a cooler place. In this case, it is necessary to provide the plant with sufficient lighting. It should be remembered that an orange reacts sharply to a change of scenery, so you need to move it carefully, avoiding a strong difference in the conditions of detention.

    Flowering

    Orange blossoms are white or pale pink. They have long narrow petals, with pronounced stamens and pistil in the center. Bud formation begins in early spring. The flower can last in an unopened state for 3-4 weeks. Then it opens for several days and can form a fruit ovary.

    Orange blossom

    In order for an orange tree to bear fruit, it is necessary to take better care of the plant during the vegetative period. In addition to timely watering and air humidification, an orange needs to be provided with a suitable temperature of 17 ° C and enhanced feeding with nutrients.

    Pruning an orange tree

    The correct formation of the crown of an orange tree is the key to sweet and juicy fruits in the future. Orange grows fast enough, they start shaping the tree from the moment it reaches a height of 0.25 m. Pruning and pinching of shoots is carried out at the moment when the plant moves from a dormant period to an active growth mode.

    Only 3-4 side branches should be left at the first pruning. At the next pruning, two shoots are left on each of the branches. They will begin to give branches that will bear fruit in the future. In subsequent pruning, it remains to follow the shape of the tree and update the branches in a timely manner.

    The plant begins to bloom no earlier than five years after planting. But you need to leave no more than five buds on a young plant. A young orange may not have enough strength to fully grow more fruits.

    Citrus plant pruning plan

    Important! When pruning, it is necessary to use only a sterile and sharp tool, and treat the cut points with garden pitch to avoid infection.

    Propagation

    Orange tree can be propagated at home:

    • by seed germination;
    • rooting cuttings;
    • by grafting on another citrus plant.

    The most common way to grow an orange is to get a sprout from a seed. This method takes less time and requires a minimum of costs. As a planting material, you can take a seed from a ripe orange, rinse it thoroughly, soak for 24 hours and plant it in the ground. The stone deepens by about 1 cm, watered abundantly, covered with a transparent cap and placed in a shaded place. After about 3-4 weeks, the first shoots will appear.

    Please note! Rooting a cutting and grafting to another plant are complex processes that only specialists can perform with a chance of success.

    Transplanting

    For proper growth and development, the orange must be replanted annually into larger containers. The diameter of the pot should be increased by 2-3 cm each time. The optimal time to transplant an orange is early spring. It is at this time that he secretes juice that can strengthen all parts. For a proper transplant of a plant, so as not to cause harm, it is necessary to carefully move the tree into a new pot along with the earthen clod in which the roots are located.

    Possible problems in growing an orange tree

    The orange tree is quite capricious. At the slightest violation of the comfortable content, the appearance of the crown will change. Orange can shed the resulting buds or leaves. Also, the leaves may turn pale or begin to dry around the edges. This can be a symptom of both improper watering and excessive sunlight, and a fungus infection. In addition, insect pests can cause irreparable damage to the plant.

    You can remove a fungal disease by cutting off the affected parts of the tree and then treating it with a disinfectant solution. Aphids, mealybugs, spider mites and other pests are destroyed with a solution of laundry soap or insecticides. A damaged root system must be treated with enhanced fertilizer with mineral and organic substances.

    Even novice flower growers can grow an orange tree at home. It is enough to follow the instructions and in a few years you will be able to enjoy the sweet, juicy fruits of a tree that has been germinated with your own hands.


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