How old can oak trees live
How Long Do Live Oak Trees Live? Lifespan for All Common Types
Oak trees (Quercus spp.) are a common feature in folk stories, poetry, and songs for their noble stature, strength, and long lifespan. Compared to other plants, and even other trees, oaks are fairly slow-growing. Most oak species average 12-24 inches of growth each year, but this rate of growth varies widely among species, growth zones, and changes as trees age.
Lifespan varies widely among oak species. While most oak trees live around 100-150 years, there are a few species that live for less than 70 years, such as the laurel oak. Rare species of live oak trees can even be over 2,000 years old, such as the Angel Oak Tree in South Carolina!
These long-lived plants aren’t just stately additions to a spacious property. They are soil stabilizers and improve soil fertility. They also protect groundwater and are a keystone species upon which many other species depend for food and shelter.
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Facts About Oak Tree Lifespan
Oak trees are part of the beech family. They can grow as shrubs or as true trees, depending on the environment in which they are growing.
Oaks are hardy plants that can handle freezing winters and scorching summers. Native throughout the Northern Hemisphere, these important plants can be found throughout cool temperate and warm tropical climates.
North America is home to the largest number of oak species.
Approximately 90 different species of oak trees can be found in the United States, while 160 species grow in Mexico. China is the second-largest center of oak growth, with approximately 100 species known to grow there.
Humans have discovered approximately 500 known species of oaks in total.
Now, we aren’t going to get into the specifics of every species. We wouldn’t even want to read all of that! Instead, we are going to focus on some common species that you are likely to have on your own property.
|Willow oak||100 years||13–24"||40-60'||5-9|
|Japanese evergreen oak||2000 years||36"||30'||9a-11|
|Water oak||60-80 years||24"||100'||6-9|
|Pin oak||120 years||24"||60-70'||4-8|
|Chinkapin oak||100 years||12-24"||50'||3-9a|
|Post oak||300-400 years||2"||40'||5-9|
|Bur oak||200-300 years||12"||80'||2a-8a|
|White oak||500-600 years||12-18"||80'||3b-8b|
|Coast live oak||250 years||24"||70'||9-10|
|Interior live oak||150 years||12-24"||70'||8-10|
|Canyon live oak||150 years||24"||100'||8-10|
|Southern live oak||1000 years||24-36"||50'||7b-10b|
|Valley oak||300 years||24-36"||130'||7-9|
|Southern red oak||150 years||12-36"||60-80'||6-9|
|Blue oak||90-100 years||6"||100'||5-10|
|Black oak||100 years||8-12"||50-60'||3-9|
|Laurel oak||50-70 years||24"||100'||6-9|
|Red oak||300-500 years||24"||90-140'||4-8|
|Nuttall Oak||100 years||24-36"||40-60'||6-9|
Most Common Oak Trees in the United StatesA red oak stands in a grassy spring meadow beside the river.
Remember, there are at least 500 species of oak trees out there.
Another important skill oak trees have is that they can naturally create hybrid species. That makes our task of extending the life of all oak trees a bit of a challenge.
Oak trees break down into two varieties: red oaks and white oaks.
The main difference between the two is their leaf shape. White oak tree leaves have rounded leaf tips, while red oak leaves tend to be pointed. Of the two, white oak tree acorns develop faster than the acorns of the red oaks. Our list includes trees from both groups.
For now, we’re going to stick with the most common species in North America. For most of our readers, these are the most common species you are likely to see at a nursery or have growing on your property already.
We are also going to include some information that will hopefully help you ensure your tree reaches maturity and lives a long, fruitful life.
Lifespan: 100 years
This wide-spread species of oak belongs to the red oak group. It is native and widespread throughout eastern and central North America. If you live in any coastal state from Maine to Texas, or inland as far as Michigan, Ontario, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, or eastern Texas, then chances are good you have seen this common oak.
Black oaks grow best on well-drained, silty clay. This tree is generally considered a slow grower, only averaging 8-12 inches of growth until its roots are established. However, once it is settled in, if it has optimal growth conditions, these trees can grow two to three feet a year.
If well taken care of, a black oak can provide shade and shelter to wildlife for about 100 years.
Lifespan: 200-300 years
The Bur oak’s botanical name is Quercus macrocarpa, the Oak with the large fruit. We’re going to go out on a limb and call this a bit of an understatement. This oak can grow to over 80 feet in height, has leaves that are over 10 inches long, and produces acorns bigger than limes!
Bur Oak, also called the Mossycup Oak, gets its name from the shaggy acorn cap that tops its acorns. Once sprouted, these trees have a moderate growth rate and can grow more than 20 inches each year.
Bur oaks are often found in parries, open woods and stream edges, preferably closer to the water. One of the oldest Bur Oaks, the Bicentennial Tree, is believed to be more than 400 years old. Most specimens are believed to live around 200-300 years.
Lifespan: 50-70 years
The Laurel Oak, Quercus laurifolia, is a fast-growing oak that can reach over 100 feet tall. This is a relatively short-lived species when compared to others on our list, often dying off after about 60 years.
It is a good oak for more humid and rain-heavy climates but is not very picky when it comes to temperatures. It can be found in just about any coastal region south of New York and grows on the west coast up through Washington state. It grows well from Florida to Southern California, and down into Mexico.
Lifespan: 60-80 years
Quercus nigra, the water oak, is native to the eastern and south-central United States. You can find this oak in all the coastal states from New Jersey to Texas, and inland as far as Oklahoma, Kentucky, and southern Missouri.
Compared to some of the other oaks on this list, the water oak is pretty picky when it comes to growing conditions.
As a wetland tree, it occurs naturally in lowlands and up to 1500 ft in altitude. It is adapted to wet, swampy areas and can tolerate well-draining soil. It grows well in sandy soils or red clays.
It does not do well on crowded plots and does not tolerate even light shade.
This specialized oak will only last for several decades. The water oak is relatively short-lived, making it 60-80 years on average.
However, it is a fast grower and reproduces quickly, making it an excellent candidate for restoring bottomland hardwood forests after agriculture or pine plantation usage.
Lifespan: 150 years
Quercus palustris, the pin oak, or swamp Spanish oak, is a species of red oak. The Pin Oak gets its name from the short branchlets that grow along the greater branches and limbs.
Here are another wet-tolerant species and is sometimes also called a Water Oak, though our two examples are quite different plants. Unlike the Water Oak Quercus nigra, the Pin Oak Quercus palustris is more commonly found in more northern, interior states and all the way up to Ontario, Canada.
Pin oaks grow primarily on poorly drained floodplain and river-bottom soils. Generally, pin oaks grow well near high clay content as well.
While they like wet soil, they do not grow in areas that have standing water throughout the majority of the growing season.
The Pin Oak is also much longer lived than the Water Oak, reaching about 150 years, or roughly double, that of our other water-tolerant oak.
Pin oak is one of the most commonly used landscaping oaks in its native growth zone because it is easy to transplant, grows very quickly, and is tolerant of pollution.
Lifespan: up to 1,000+ years
If you want to impress and have the acreage and southeast climate for it, then the live oak is the way to go. Quercus virginiana, also known as the southern live oak, is an evergreen oak tree native to the Southeastern United States.
Many oaks are loosely called “live oak,” but a true southern live oak is one of the most iconic trees in the United States, particularly in the Old South.
Many of the oldest trees and largest trees on the eastern coast are live oak trees. Live oaks are believed to be capable of living up to 1,000 years in their native region.
The most famous specimen, Angel Oak in Johns Island, South Carolina, is believed to be 400-500 years old. It’s raised 66.5 ft tall and measures 28 ft in circumference! Even more interesting, the longest branch on the Angel Oak is 187 feet and its shade covers 17,200 square feet.
Some folks contend that the tree could be as old as 1500 years, but many arborists suspect that its true age is closer to 500 years. Either way, that is nothing to shake a stick at.
Oak Tree CareBig old oak in a autumn field. The sun shines through branches of the tree
Let’s start by stating that each species of oak tree has its own care requirements based on its natural habitat.
In general, oak trees prefer full sun and well-drained soil, unless you are dealing with a Pin Oak or Water Oak, of course.
Typically, they are well suited to the natural change of seasons. Most oaks can handle hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters, especially once they are established.
Oaks can handle a good soaking in winter if you are having a dry season, and it is also safe to water them a time or two during a dry summer. Be sure to water them gradually all day so that the surrounding soil becomes thoroughly moist but not waterlogged.
It is not recommended to water a mature oak more than once each month. However, you can lay mulch at the base of your tree to keep the surrounding soil from drying out while also preventing nutrient-sapping weeds.
Remember that oaks do not appreciate shade. They are shade providers, but they do not require it for themselves. Full sun is the way to go to make sure that your oak grows up happy and healthy.
Common Oak Diseases
A large, stately oak tree is the pride of any homeowner lucky enough to have one, or several, on their property. But the smallest of organisms can fell a 100+-year-old oak tree. If you have a prized oak, here are some signs to watch out for:
Oak Leaf Blister
A fungal leaf disease caused by Taphrina caerulescens. Watch out for raised circular bumps on leaves, especially if they are more than 2 inches in diameter.
Most oak trees are vulnerable to this disease. While not deadly, it will result in your oak dropping a hefty amount of leaves.
Bur Oak Blight
This blight only affects bur oaks, as the name suggests. It is a slow-moving fungus that spreads on the leaves. Symptoms appear in late July or early August, though the fungus needs a long period of growth before your oak will begin showing symptoms.
The leaves of an infected tree will have black veins and will probably stick to the tree trunk or other leaves when they fall, thus spreading the pathogen.
While not directly deadly to the tree, this pathogen may weaken the tree enough that it becomes susceptible to pests and other diseases. If this occurs, the tree will weaken until it dies an untimely death, since these trees can live well over 200 years.
This is the one to really watch out for, as it will cause your prize oak to die off.
Oak Wilt is caused by a fungus that is carried by beetles that feed on oak sap. This fungus can affect all oak trees but is more likely to occur in red oak varieties.
You can spot this disease from sudden leaf wilt that starts from the top of the leaf and works its way down. You will also see sudden leaf drop. This condition can kill a mature oak within 3 weeks, so if you see the signs, be sure to consult your local arborist immediately.
Why Keep and Encourage Oak Tree Growth?
Aside from being a stately, shade-producing centerpiece to your property, oak trees are actually essential to the local environment.
Oak trees are known as keystone species – they play an irreplaceable role in soil ecology, the carbon cycle, and wildlife lifecycles.
The long-lived oak provides a stable, lasting home for a rich mix of shade-tolerant plants, insects, birds, squirrels, raccoons, and even deer.
So if you are harvesting wood for your next campfire or clearing land for a new house, consider keeping that old oak tree around. Chances are good that it will continue to provide shade for several decades, or even centuries, to come.
Brunori, A. M. E., Sdringola, P., Dini, F., Ilarioni, L., Nasini, L., Regni, L., … & Pelleri, F. (2017). Carbon balance and Life Cycle Assessment in an oak plantation for mined area reclamation. Journal of cleaner production, 144, 69-78.
Drobyshev, I., Niklasson, M., Linderson, H., Sonesson, K., Karlsson, M., Nilsson, S. G., & Lanner, J. (2008). Lifespan and mortality of old oaks–combining empirical and modelling approaches to support their management in Southern Sweden. Annals of forest science, 65(4), 1.
Di Filippo, A., Pederson, N., Baliva, M., Brunetti, M., Dinella, A., Kitamura, K., … & Piovesan, G. (2015). The longevity of broadleaf deciduous trees in Northern Hemisphere temperate forests: insights from tree-ring series. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 3, 46.
Garbelotto, M., Svihra, P., & Rizzo, D. (2001). New pests and diseases: Sudden oak death syndrome fells 3 oak species. California agriculture, 55(1), 9-19.
Davidson, J. M., Werres, S., Garbelotto, M., Hansen, E. M., & Rizzo, D. M. (2003). Sudden oak death and associated diseases caused by Phytophthora ramorum. Plant Health Progress, 4(1), 12.
Life Span for Oak Trees | Home Guides
By SF Gate Contributor Updated September 08, 2020
Oak trees (Quercus spp. ) are lauded in story, poetry and song for their noble stature, strong structure and long life. Because they're slow-growing, the oak tree lifespan is long, up to 400 years, and even nursery trees can live for a century or more if cared for properly, according to the Washington Post.
Oak forests and woodlands are important natural communities, furnishing cover and food for wildlife and soil erosion control. In landscaping, oaks contribute shade and aesthetic value. Oaks are susceptible to fungal and bacterial diseases, which can shorten the oak tree life cycle or kill it outright. Oaks are either deciduous with lobed leaves or evergreen with leathery leaves.
Western Live Oaks
Live, or evergreen, oaks have heights to 65 feet and crown spreads of more than 70 feet. They include coast live oak (Quercus agrifolia), hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 and 10; and interior live oak (Quercus wislizeni) and canyon live oak (Quercus chrysolepis), both hardy in USDA zones 8 through 10. They can live for more than 150 years.
Stanford University estimates the ages of coast live oaks on its campus as being 300 years old. A huge coast live oak on the Pechanga Indian Reservation in California is estimated to be 850 to 1,500 years old.
Southern Live Oak
A large, spreading tree growing 60 to 80 feet tall and 60 to 120 feet wide, Southern live oak (Quercus virginiana) is hardy in USDA zones 7b through 10b, according to Monumental Trees. Shape the tree during its early years, pruning it each year for the first three years after planting and then every five years to age 30. This establishes a strong scaffold and good structure for its expected life of 200 to 300 years.
A number of picturesque old Southern live oaks of monumental size are distributed throughout the South. Among them are the Middleton Oak and the Angel Oak, both in South Carolina. The Angel Oak is thought to be 400 to 500 years old.
Deciduous Oak Trees
Valley oak (Quercus lobata), native to central and interior valleys of California, is one of the tallest-growing deciduous oaks, according to the Sacramento Tree Foundation. Specimens growing more than 130 feet tall were recorded in the Ojai area. A tree near Covelo is 153 feet high with a crown spread of 99 feet. Estimated ages for these tall trees is about 1,000 years. Valley oak grows in USDA zones 7 through 9.
Blue oak (Quercus douglasii), USDA zones 5 through 10, can also grow more than 100 feet tall, with a 112-feet-high tree in Three Rivers, California. The oldest known blue oak is in Sequoia National Park and estimated to be about 400 years old.
Deciduous oaks native to the eastern United States are also long-lived. White oak (Quercus alba) is the longest-lived, with an average life of 300 years and maximum life span of 600 years in USDA zones 3b through 8b. Southern red oak (Quercus falcata) grows in USDA zones 7 through 9 and reaches 275 years.
Oak Tree Care
Since oak trees are vulnerable to root pathogens, take care not to disturb the tree's root protection zone, which is an area half again as large as the area from the trunk to the dripline, according to the USDA. If you're remodeling or installing pipelines, ensure that the root area is not compromised by trenching or excavating activities. Avoid soil compaction or paving that will affect soil drainage.
When planting a new oak tree, make sure it has well-draining soil that is deep enough for the long taproot and subsequent lateral roots, which often extend 90 feet beyond a mature tree's dripline. Check on the mature size of your tree, and give it enough room to grow.
- United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service: Pacific Southwest Research Station: A Field Guide to Insects and Diseases of California Oaks
- Stanford University: Encyclopedia of Stanford Trees, Shrubs, and Vines: Quercus Agrifolia
- Monumental Trees: The Southern Live Oak (Quercus Virginiana)
- Sacramento Tree Foundation: California Oaks
- The Washington Post: A Wonderful Way to Leave Your Mark on the Planet: Plant an Oak Tree
How long does an oak live.How many years do oak and birch trees live? Name of trees and life expectancy for first-graders
Many people who like to relax in nature, walk in the forest or just sit in the park pay attention to huge, tall trees. The most frequently asked question is how many years trees live. One of the most beautiful and mysterious are oak and birch groves. Passing by massive oaks or slender and tall birches, do you think how many years trees live?
Walking through the oak grove, you pay attention to the mystery of these trees. The question involuntarily arises in my head about how many years an oak tree lives. This is one of the most common trees in the northern hemisphere, belonging to the Beech family. There are legends about this mighty tree. Even in ancient Greece, oak groves were called the habitat of the goddess of fertility Demeter and noted the beneficial properties of oak. For example, oak bark has astringent and anti-inflammatory properties and is used in folk medicine. Oak fruits - acorns - are rich in such a useful substance as quercetin, and are used to relieve swelling, inflammation, spasms, and also have excellent antioxidant properties. Oak is a very durable material, so it is used in the manufacture of household furniture, wine barrels and various artistic items. Oak, like many other trees, has its own species. In total, there are about 600 species of oaks. The most common are petiolate, serrated and rocky. Regardless of the species, a tree can reach a height of 20 to 40 meters, and a trunk circumference up to 9meters.
How many years does an oak tree live
Passing by old oaks, you wonder how many years trees with such powerful trunks live? The average life expectancy of an oak does not depend on the type of this tree and is 300 - 400 years. But rare cases are known when trees live up to 2000 years. So, for example, the Oak of Mamre, located in Palestine, is about 1900 years old. Christians consider it a holy tree. According to the Bible, the patriarch Abraham accepted God under this tree. Stelmuzh oak grows in Lithuania, it is considered the oldest oak tree in Europe, according to some sources, its age is 2000 years.
In addition to the oak, one of the most common trees in the northern hemisphere is the birch. It belongs to the deciduous genus, the Birch family. It occupies one of the first places in beauty, its graceful white trunk attracts with its stream of outgoing light. Birch occupies a special place in the culture of the Slavic, Finnish and Scandinavian ancient tribes. So, for example, among the Slavs, this tree protects and protects from evil spirits. Birch is famous not only for its beauty, but also for its benefits and healing properties. Birch sap, which is harvested in early spring, has a large amount of minerals and is good for humans. Birch buds contain a large amount of essential oil, so they are used as a diaphoretic and blood purifier. Birch is the main raw material for producing charcoal, which is used in everyday life, in addition, durable wood is obtained from birch. In total, about 120 species of birches are known. The most common is the downy birch, in addition, yellow and weeping are often found. These species reach an average of 25 - 30 meters in height and up to 80 centimeters in diameter. Walking through a birch grove and admiring such beauties, you involuntarily wonder how many years trees live?
How long do birches live
This type of tree grows in almost all regions of the northern hemisphere, and therefore it is important to know how many years the trees live. Birch, unlike oak, lives as long as it is prescribed by a certain species. The average life expectancy of the fluffy and weeping is about 100 years. In turn, the life span of yellow birch reaches 150 years.
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Oak is not a specific tree, but a whole genus of trees and shrubs belonging to the Beech family. There are about 600 species in this genus. Oaks grow mainly in the Northern Hemisphere in temperate regions, and the tropical highlands are the southern border of the oak growing area.
Oak is familiar to each of us thanks to its fruits - acorns, which, in fact, are nuts. Many trees of this genus are evergreen, that is, their foliage remains on the tree for several years. In other trees of this genus, the leaves fall or dry right on the tree. Different trees of the genus have both whole and lobed leaves. Flowers, both female and male, can be on the same tree. These are small flowers that form bunches or earrings. Fruit size can vary from very small to quite large.
As mentioned above, oak is common in both temperate and warm countries, and in the highlands of hot countries. It will not be possible to meet an oak in South America, in Australia, and in Africa, oaks grow only in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea. In Europe, you can find up to 20 species of oak. In Russia, only one species is most common - English oak, which has two varieties. Mongolian Oak is found only in the Amur regions, and Lub toothed is less common. In western Russia and on the coasts of the Caucasus, you can find Rocky Oak. Unfortunately, the number and vastness of oak groves is decreasing every year.
In our forests, oak lives up to 800 years. Indeed, it is difficult not to agree with the words of Mikhail Yuryevich Lermontov, who called oaks "sentinels of the century. " Indeed, such patriarchal oaks have survived to this day, the age of which is calculated in thousands of years!
The oldest tree in the world is also an oak. It grows in North America and belongs to the Palmer oak genus. The age of palmera is estimated by scientists at 13000 years . The Palmer Oak is a shrub oak species.
Lifespan of trees, table and details of some species
The trees in the population of this oak appear as a result of asexual reproduction, and therefore, in fact, they are one plant.
Another ancient oak grows near the oldest year in Palestine - Hebron. This is the Oak of Mamre, which is the sacred tree of Christians. According to the Bible, it was near this oak tree that Abraham received the revelation of the Holy Trinity. The age of the Mamvrian oak is estimated at 5000 years. This oak, or rather the whole oak grove of Mamra, is mentioned in the legends not only of Christians, but of Jews and Muslims. Today, only one oak tree remains from the oak forest. According to Christian traditions, the world will not end while the Palestinian oak is alive. But, alas, the oak is already withered. It happened in 1997, and numerous pilgrims contributed to this, peeling off the bark and branches from it. True, in 1998, a young shoot appeared near the dried trunk, the height of which today is already at least 20 cm.
In France, several oak trees have been found that are around 2,000 years old. One of these trees grew in the Ardennes. When this oak was cut down, the remains of sacrificial vessels and coins of the Samkit coinage were found in a huge hollow. Another oak patriarch grew in the French city of Saintes. The crown of that tree reached 20 meters, and the circumference of the oak was 9 meters. There was a belief that Caesar's soldiers rested under this oak.
The oldest oak in Europe is located in Lithuania , near the village of Stelmuzh. Oak is named after the village located nearby - "Stelmuzhsky old man". Scientists say that oak is about 2000 years old . The Stelmuzhsky wanderer was taken under state protection in 1960. The life of the tree was at one time threatened by a giant hollow that could accommodate several people. The hollow was carefully cleaned of dust, which took several trips of a dump truck, and then mended with iron sheets.
Patriarch oaks grew or still grow in various countries. So in Armenia up to 19For 74 years, an oak tree over 1520 years old has been growing. The circumference of its trunk reached 10 meters. An eight-hundred-year-old oak grows in the city of Ladushkin, Kaliningrad Region. The oldest oak in Ukraine is about 1300 years old, which grows near the village of Stuzhytsia in Transcarpathia. All sorts of legends and traditions are associated with almost all patriarch oaks. After all, these trees really could be or were witnesses of any historical events.
6. Sexual reproduction of flowering plants. Pollination
Sexual reproduction of angiosperms is associated with the flower.
How old is an Oak tree?
Its most important parts are the stamens and pistils. They undergo complex processes of sexual reproduction - pollination and fertilization. There are two ways of pollination: 1. at self-pollination pollen from the stamens of a flower falls on the stigma of the pistil of the same flower. This is how oats, wheat, barley, beans, peas, and cotton are pollinated. Self-pollination most often occurs before the flower blooms (in the bud). There are plants in which flowers do not bloom at all.2. At cross-pollinated pollen from the stamens of one flower is transferred to the stigma of the pistil of another flower. Cross-pollination can occur between different flowers of the same plant or different plants. Cross-pollination is carried out with the help of wind, insects, water, birds. Wind pollination. Signs of wind pollinated plants Poplar, alder, oak, birch, hazel, rye, corn and other plants are pollinated by the wind.
Wind-pollinated plants often grow in large clusters, for example, hazel thickets, birch groves, oak forests.
Most wind-pollinated trees bloom in spring, before the leaves open. Plants whose pollen is carried by the wind have small flowers, mostly without perianth, often collected in inflorescences. Such flowers usually have anthers on long hanging threads, very small, light, dry pollen. A lot of pollen is produced, but most of it does not fall on the stigmas of the pistils. The figure shows how male flowers, collected in catkin-shaped inflorescences, sway in the wind and scatter pollen. Pollination with the help of insects is the most common method of pollination in nature. Insects, feeding on the nectar and pollen secreted by plants, fly around many plants to provide themselves with food, while simultaneously transferring pollen from one flower to another on their body. To attract insects, plants have developed special adaptations: large single flowers or small flowers collected in inflorescences , bright color of the petals or tepals of a simple perianth, the presence of nectar and aroma. Large, sticky, rough pollen of the flowers of such plants adheres well to the hairy body of the insect.
During flowering, beehives with bees are brought to the gardens. Bees in search of food pollinate the flowers of fruit trees, and the yield of fruits increases.
Pollination - the process during which pollen from the anthers of the stamens of a plant is transferred to the stigma of the pistil. Pollination by insects. Signs of insect pollinated plantsTropical plants can be pollinated with the help of birds. Pollen of aquatic plants can be carried by water. Pasechnik VV Biology. Grade 6 // DROFA.
Large anthered oak
Beech family – Fagaceae
Large anther oak - Quercus macranthera Fisch et C. F. Mey. ex Hohen. 1838
Why is it listed in the Red Book
Category and status . 3 "Rare" - 3, RD. Caucasian-Asia Minor species, located on the western border of the range, far away from the main distribution area, known from a limited number of localities.
IUCN Red List Global Threat Category
Not included in the IUCN Red List.
IUCN Red List Category
Regional populations are classified as Near Threatened, NT.
I. N. Timukhin, B. S. Tuniev.
Brief morphological characteristics
Deciduous tree. Height - up to 28 m. The leaves are dense, obovate or oval, on the upper side pubescent only along the veins, on the lower side - entirely, sitting on short petioles. The upper side of the leaves is dark green, the lower side is yellowish-gray, the lobes are short and blunt, 8–12 on each side and one at the end.
Some leaves have entire lobes, others have large teeth. Stipules up to 1.5 cm long, densely hairy. Anther inflorescences densely pubescent, up to 15 cm long; pistillate flowers sessile, 1-5.
Acorns sessile or on a short stalk, 2–2.5 cm long, one third or half immersed in a hemispherical cupule, up to 1.5 cm long and up to 2 cm in diameter. The scales of the plus in the middle and upper parts are tightly appressed, in the lower part they are somewhat protruding, gray-pubescent with bare brown tips.
Shoots densely covered with shaggy yellowish-gray pubescence, buds obtuse, oval, with pubescent scales. The bark is greyish-black, with deep vertical fissures. 2n=24.
General range: Southwest Asia: Iran (Mazandaran), Turkey; Caucasus (Eastern and Southern Transcaucasia, southern slopes of the Main Caucasian Range). Russia: North Caucasus (KK; North Ossetia-Alania; Chechen Republic; Republic of Ingushetia; Dagestan) .
Krasnodar Territory: Western Transcaucasia: Tuapse-Adlersky district (upper reaches of the rivers Mzymta, Ashe, mountains Khakudzh and Bekeshey in the Lazarevsky district (8.VI.2004, B. Tuniev), Mount Lysaya (16.VIII.2005, B. Tuniev), basin of the Mzymta River (VIII.1988, A.A. Lebedeva), near Lake Kardyvach near the Izumrudny waterfall (5.VII.2004, B. Tuniev), Aishkha Ridge).
Features of biology, ecology and phytocenology
Summer green deciduous tree. Blooms in May. Anemophilus. Propagated by seeds and vegetatively. Zoochor, barochor. It grows slowly, especially in the first 15–20 years, lives up to 450 years and retains the ability to produce shoots from stumps up to 150–250 years.
Drought and frost resistant. Scioheliophyte, mesoxerophyte. In the mountains of Transcaucasia, it is distributed from 2400 m to the upper limit of the forest (approximately 2650 m above sea level). In KK, it occurs along the upper forest line in the altitude range of 1400–1800 m a.s.l. m., forming fragments of subalpine oak forests surrounded by maple forests.
In the western regions of Transcaucasia above the beech belt (1700 m a.s.l.) Quercus macranthera forms a belt of oak forests and grows in subalpine forests with the participation of Acer trautvetteri, Betula litwinowii, B. pendula, Sorbus aucuparia. It forms pure forests on steep southern slopes with thin soils, where other species are not competitive
Population and trends
Extremely low, in the upper reaches of the river. Asha knows no more than 50 individuals, in the upper reaches of the river. Mzymta - no more than 300 individuals. Population dynamics is unknown.
Naturally rare species, stenotopic species and low competitive ability at the border of the range.
Protected on the territory of the SNP. It is necessary to include the southern slope of the ridge. Aishkha in the composition of the SNP, control over the state of populations at the border of the range.
Sources of information: Red Book of the Krasnodar Territory
1. Borodina et al., 1966; 2.
How long does an oak tree live?
Menitsky, 1984; 3. Timukhin, 2001a; 4. Data of compilers; 5. SNP; 6. Litvinskaya, 2006. Compilers. I. N. Timukhin, B. S. Tuniev; photo by S. A. Litvinskaya.
Trees are the plants with the longest lifespan. Fruit house trees can live over 150 years. You can calculate the age of a tree by the number of rings on the cut of the tree. But this is not always an exact fact. Several rings may appear in a year, or maybe not one.
Coniferous trees live the longest. For example, the age of the Methuselah pine is 4772 years. The circumference of the trunk of this tree is 18 meters.
The oldest Tikko spruce. Its age is more than 9.5 thousand years.
Duration of fruit trees
Fruit trees can bear fruit for a long time, eg apple and pear. The lifespan of these trees is approximately 100-150 years. Where climatic conditions are milder, they can grow more than this period. The life of a fruit seedling depends on how fruitful the tree is. There are fruit trees with a short lifespan, such as peach. Such a tree grows from 5 to 20 years. It depends on growth and living conditions.
Longevity of deciduous trees
Trees grown from seeds are very strong and live much longer. In grafted trees that have grown from cuttings, life expectancy is shortened by 5-10 years. Deciduous trees include birch and oak. Birch under normal conditions and a favorable climate can live 300 years. As for the oak, it is a long-liver, life expectancy is 1000-1500 years.
Duration of conifers
Coniferous trees live the longest, unlike other trees, as these trees can live under severe weather conditions. Pine "Methuselah " the oldest tree, it is listed in the Guinness Book of Records, its age is 4772 years.
The life span of all trees is affected by many different indicators :
- soil condition;
- weather conditions;
- nearby trees;
- pests .
Consider the duration of some trees: 5000 years - sequoia; 1200 years - cedar pine; 600 years - juniper; 500 years - maple, chestnut; 400 - 500 years - eucalyptus; 400 years - walnut, olive tree; 300 - 400 years old beech; 250 years - birch; 200 years - apple tree; 150-200 years - saxaul; 100 years - apricot; 80 years - mountain ash; 70 years - breadfruit; 50 years - quince; 25-30 years - sea buckthorn.
Proper care of people for trees can increase their lifespan, but this opinion is not always true. People dream of harvesting crops faster and achieve this by artificial means. Trees from such an influence lose their strength and become weak, cease to bear fruit and die altogether.
The lifespan of trees depends on their species and growing conditions. Some of them are able to grow for hundreds of years, the lifespan of others is limited to decades, and below is a table of the lifespan of trees, as well as information on the lifespan of their individual species.
The phrase "centenary oak" is known to every person from the time of reading children's fairy tales. Indeed, common throughout Europe, the pedunculate or summer oak (Quercus robur) lives up to 1500 years and this is a real life expectancy record among Russian trees.
Birch is considered a symbol of Russia, but its habitat is much wider: from France to Altai. The most common type of birch is warty (Betula Verrucosa) or weeping. On average, birch grows for 100-150 years, but under favorable conditions it lives up to 200-300 years.
Lifespan of trees, pine
Pine is a very common tree in the European forests of Russia and the taiga. More than 20% of the forested area of the former USSR is occupied by Scotch pine (Pinus sylvestris), whose lifespan is only 300 years. "Total" because other types of pines - European pine (Pinuscembra) and Siberian cedar (Pinussibirica) live a little longer - 1000 and 500 years, respectively.
Several types of maples grow on the territory of Russia and their life span is different. So white maple (sycamore) can live for several centuries, and ash-leaved maple imported from North America lives only up to 100 years.
Poplars filled the streets of Russian cities, and the conditions for their growth cannot be called favorable. But in nature, poplar, like its closest relative, willow, can live up to 80-100 years.
Lifespan of a tree
Common plum or prune (Prunus domestica)
6 to 12 meters
15 to 60 years
Gray alder (Alnus incana)
15 to 20 (in favorable conditions) meters
From 50 to 70 (in favorable conditions up to 150) years
Aspen or trembling poplar (Populustremula)
From 80 to 100 (150) years
Common mountain ash (Sorbus aucuparia)
from 80 to (300)
Tui Western (Thuja OcCidentalis)
from 15 to 20 meters
Olha Cherny (Alnus Glutinosa)
30, maximum 35 meters
from up to 150 (300) years
Warty birch (Betulaverrucosa)
20 to 30 (35) meters
Elm (Ulmus laevis)
25 to 30 (35) meters
Rough elm (Ulmus scabra) 3 (2040)meters
White fir (Abies alba)
from 15 to 25 meters
from 150 to 200 years old
Siberian fir (abiessibirica)
from 150 to 200 years old
Ordinary ordinary (Fraxinus ExcelSior)
from 25 to 35 (40) meters
of 150 Up to 200 (350) years
Wild apple tree (Malus Sylvestris)
from 10 to 15 meters
ordinary pear (Pyrus Communis)
to 20 (30) meters
Eli European (PICEA ExcelSA)
to 30 to 30 to 30 to 60 meters
From 300 to 400 (500) years
Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris)
From 20 to 40 (45) meters
From 300 to 400 (600) years
Small-leaved lime (Tilia cordata) From 300 902 400 (600) years
Forest Book (Fagus Silvatica)
from 25 to 30 (50)
from 400 to 500 years old
Siberian pine (Siberian cedar)
from 400 to 500 years
Pine pine European (Pinuscembra)
Prickly spruce (Picea pungens)
from 30 to 45 meters
from 400 to 600 years old
European larch (Larix decidua)
from 30 to 40 (50) meters
Siberian larch (Larix Sibirica)
Ordinary Minencep From 1 to 3 meters (maximum 12)
500 years (in favorable conditions 800-1000)
European yew (Taxus baccata)
Up to 15 (20) meters
1000 years (2000-4000)
Source: All facts. ru
Russian Ecological Week 2017
The main event of the Year of Ecology in Russia - Russian Ecological Week - will be held in Moscow near the Kremlin walls from 18 to 22 October 2017.
news, events, green party, ecoweek, environmental chamber
PROHIBITED NOT ALLOWED
A rally of the Khabarovsk "greens" against poaching on the Amur will still take place on Komsomolskaya Square in Khabarovsk.
news, regions, green party, Khabarovsk Territory, poaching, rally
A walrus competition was held at the Blue Lakes recreation center in Kurgan. Tyumen greens are the best!
On October 7, with the participation of a large number of the population joining a healthy lifestyle, an open competition in cold water swimming called "Blue Lakes" was held.
news, regions, Tyumen region, green party
"Green stage" in Belgorod
In Belgorod, the autumn relay race of the interregional environmental and patriotic action "Green Stage" started
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Materials: http://greenparty. ru/news/592/
How long can a tree live and how to determine its age
Height and lifespan of trees
|Name||Height, m||Life expectancy, years|
|Alder gray||15–20 (25)*||50–70 (150)|
|Aspen||Up to 35||80–100 (150)|
|Sorbus ordinary||4-10 (15-20)||80–100 (300)|
|Western thuja||15–20||Over 100|
|Black alder||30 (25)||100–150 (300)|
|Warty birch||20–30 (35)||150 (300)|
|Smooth elm||25–30 (35)||150 (300-400)|
|Siberian fir||Up to 30 (40)||150–200|
|Common ash||25–35 (40)||150–200 (350)|
|Wild apple tree||10 (15)||Up to 200|
|Common pear||Up to 20 (30)||200 (300)|
|Rough elm||25–30 (40)||Up to 300|
|European spruce||30–35 (60)||300-400 (500)|
|Scotch pine||20–40 (45)||300-400 (600)|
|Small-leaved linden||Up to 30 (40)||300-400 (600)|
|Forest beech||25–30 (50)||400-500|
|Siberian cedar pine||Up to 35 (40)||400-500|
|Prickly spruce||30 (45)||400-500|
|European larch||30–40 (50)||Up to 500|
|Siberian larch||Up to 45||Up to 500 (900)|
|Common juniper||1–3 (12)||500 (1000)|
|Common pseudosuga||Up to 100||Up to 700|
|European cedar pine||Up to 25||Up to 1,000|
|Yew berry||Up to 15 (20)||1,000 (2,000-4,000)|
|Pedunculate oak||30–40 (50)||Up to 1,500|
* In parentheses are the height and life span of trees in especially favorable conditions.
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It is an unforgettable feeling to be near a long-lived tree. Just think, these are the most ancient living creatures on earth! They are eyewitnesses of all the great events of human civilization. The realization of this one fact alone leads to admiration.
The longest-lived trees on our planet include Norway spruce . The age of the oldest spruce is estimated at 9550 years, it grows in the Swedish province of Dolarna. Interestingly, the spruce does not look old at all. Scientists analyzed the genetic information and discovered an unexpected coincidence: according to them, a slender spruce on Mount Fulu has the same genetic material as the remains below it. It turns out that after the death of an ancient tree, for unknown reasons, gave a young shoot, thereby extending its life.
Next in the list of long-lived trees are sequoias and baobab . Their age can reach 5000 years. In addition, the sequoia is one of the tallest trees on the planet, the height of individual specimens reaches 115 meters. The bark of the California sequoia is very thick, in some places up to 30 centimeters. It has one unusual property: when it comes into contact with fire, it chars and turns into a thermal protection for wood. When you walk among these giants, you get the impression that you are in a fairy tale.
Baobab is one of the thickest: the circumference of its trunk can be 9-10 meters, while its height is small, only 18-25 meters. A unique feature of the baobab is the ability to absorb up to 120 thousand liters of water. Under the thick bark of the tree are soft and porous tissues that absorb water like a sponge and are necessary for the survival of the tree during the long drought in Africa.
The third place in the list of long-lived trees is occupied by Yew and tree Banyan .
Their age can reach 3000 years. Banyan, or, as it is also called, a tree-forest, has not one, but thousands of trunks. In its center is the main trunk, thick shoots grow from it, branches stretch down from these shoots, which, having reached the soil, take root. After that, they begin to grow in thickness, and subsequently the secondary trunks become similar to the main trunk and begin to sprout their young shoots ...
One of the oldest banyan trees in India has been growing for more than 3000 years and consists of 3000 small and 3000 large trunks each over 60 meters high.
The yew tree is remarkable in that it easily tolerates the lack of light.
Pine . Its age can reach 1200 years. However, the age of one of the varieties of pine, the spiny pine, is 4900 years old. At an altitude of 3000 meters on the border of California and Nevada in the United States, where these pines grow, a very harsh habitat: the soil is poor in nutrients, and rainfall is rare. It is amazing that they live in such conditions for thousands of years, while not a single plant can survive nearby.
Common oak (pedunculate), silver poplar , large-leaved linden close the list of long-lived trees.
Long-lived trees - names and age, description, photo and video
They can be up to 1000 years old.
It is noteworthy that long-lived trees mainly include trees of the coniferous family. Coniferous forests make up more than a third of all forests on the planet, in addition, coniferous plants are indicators of air pollution, they are very sensitive to its purity. Most likely, it is precisely because of their longevity properties that coniferous trees are revered by many peoples. In Japan, various types of pines, junipers, spruces are considered a symbol of eternity and longevity, in Finland - a symbol of life, in China and Korea they personify fidelity and adherence to principles, in Asia Minor - immortality and fertility. In Germany, spruce is considered a sacred tree.
Trees live quite a long time, to say the least, some trees were still growing before the birth of Christ. Sequoia and Baobab have the longest life expectancy. As for our country, here the leaders are Oak and Yew berry.
You can determine the age of a tree by cutting by counting the number of rings. One ring is formed per year. To form two or more rings, this cannot be. But in order not to form a single one, this is possible due to a very severe drought.
Among fruit trees, pears and apples are considered the most long-lived, their lifespan can reach one hundred or one hundred and fifty years.
Another fruit plant, peach, lives very shortly - from five to twenty years.
Coniferous trees live longer than others. So in the Tien Shan larch was discovered, which is 1300 years old!
One of the oldest plants is the sequoia, which grows in America, California. Its age is more than two thousand years. This tree even has a name - General Sherman.
Trees vary greatly in life expectancy - from several tens to several thousand years. Fruit, cultivated trees, as a rule, do not live long.
See the table for the approximate life span of some tree species. Tree-like plants are coniferous and deciduous. Depending on the species, location and some other factors, trees can grow for a long period of time. In the table below you can see the period of life of a particular tree:
Trees live quite a long time compared to humans.
But the age of trees, like that of people, can vary from 20 years to 5oo or more.
And there are centenarians. It's hard to believe, but some live for 5,000 years.
Scientists from Sweden have found the world's oldest tree on Mount Fulu. This is a pine and its age is about ten thousand years.
Before that, it was believed that the oldest tree is the sequoia, whose age is from 4000 to 5000 years.
Surprisingly, there are trees that can live just a huge number of years. For example, a pedunculate oak can live as long as 1500 years.
Different trees have different life expectancy - from a few years to several tens or more.
Trees are the most long-lived organisms on our planet. Fifty copies of these plants have been found, the age of which has exceeded the millennium threshold.
What affects the age of plants?
Long-term trees are possible for several reasons. Firstly, it is facilitated by the fact that these plants extract nutrients, as a rule, from the atmosphere. From the soil, they take only ten percent of the substances necessary for life.
Even from children's fairy tales, each of us knows that many trees are long-lived. At the same time, a hundred years of age for them is only the beginning. It is even difficult to imagine the fact that some of the plants that currently live on our planet stood tens of centuries ago. They could see different cultures and civilizations, as well as witness important historical events. If these trees could speak, then they would certainly be the main and reliable source for describing the stages of development of world history. However, today they are silent witnesses of many incidents, keeping all secrets in themselves.
Long-lived trees are common spruces well known to everyone. This plant is widespread in our country, as well as in Europe and America.
Spruce is a coniferous evergreen tree. The place of its distribution is our planet. Currently, it is widely used in landscape design. Also, spruce occupies a leading place among conifers used for construction purposes.
It is believed that this tree was named from the ancient Roman word "pix", which means "resin". Indeed, the plant has an incredibly fragrant resin, the same as its needles.
Spruce has no leaves. Needles grow instead. The tree propagates by seeds that form inside the cones. The shape of the spruce crown is a geometrically clear cone. At the same time, the lower branches, which are located on the trunk near the ground, are longer. Towards the top of the tree, their size gradually decreases.
Spruce can grow in and also be an integral part of mixed arrays. At present, it is difficult to find another such tree that would be a symbol of the cultural traditions of many peoples. With this plant, it is customary to celebrate Christmas and New Year not only in Russia, but also in Europe, as well as in America. Spruce is one of the favorite characters of fairy tales, cartoons, poems and songs. In other words, far from the last role in the culture of many peoples is assigned to it.
The oldest spruce on the planet
How old can these long-lived trees be? The oldest spruce on our planet grows in Sweden. It was discovered in the province of Dolarna on Mount Fulu. To date, the age of the plant is 9550 years. At the same time, the ancient spruce looks quite young. Biologists have found an explanation for this fact. The spruce that currently stands in Sweden is a shoot of an ancient tree, the remains of which are located underground.
Long-lived trees are not necessarily gigantic giants. However, the sequoia, which has the greatest age, equal to five thousand years, in addition to everything, is one of the highest on Earth. Some of its specimens have a gigantic height, which can reach one hundred and fifteen meters. A person near such trees seems just like an ant.
The bark of the California sequoia is very thick. Its thickness reaches thirty centimeters. The bark of this tree has an interesting feature that does not burn on contact with fire. It is simply charred, which allows it to serve as a kind of bulletproof vest that protects the core.
These long-lived trees have a fabulous look. Walking in the forest where sequoias grow, you just forget about the real world.
The tree is evergreen and coniferous. This symbol of the US state of California belongs to the Taxodiaceae family.
Sequoia is not only incredibly beautiful. The plant is resistant to decay processes, which makes its wood a valuable material for the manufacture of furniture and sleepers, telegraph poles and paper. Even tiles are made from it.
A medium-sized sequoia has a trunk about eight meters in diameter. And every year its size increases by two and a half centimeters.
These baobabs amaze any traveler with their appearance. From the school bench, we know that the trunk of this plant is the thickest on the planet. Its diameter can reach ten meters. But the height of an adult baobab cannot be called large. It is from eighteen to twenty-five meters.
Baobabs are as long-lived trees as redwoods. Their age reaches five thousand years. The habitat of these trees is arid Africa. How do they manage to survive in difficult conditions? Wood helps plants in this. By its hygroscopic properties, it resembles a sponge. During the rainy season, trees actively absorb water, which they use during dry periods.
In addition to baobab, there is also adansonia. According to its properties, this plant is one of the most amazing on our planet. The tree does not dry out, even if the bark is completely torn off from it. It easily builds up a protective cover again. The seeds of this tree are used to make a wonderful drink that resembles coffee. Baobab fruits are highly nutritious. They are rich in vitamin C, calcium and have a pleasant taste. The shell of the fruit after drying becomes, like a stone, hard. Therefore, in the future it is used as a glass or vessel. The ashes obtained after the burning of the fetus is one of the components in the manufacture of soap.
Some centenarians among the trees have a very extravagant appearance. These plants include star anise, whose age can reach three thousand years. Informally, this species was called "tree-forest". And this is no accident. Star anise can have up to a thousand trunks. The main one is located in the center. Over time, thick shoots appear on it, which grow and take root. The oldest star anise is recognized as a tree growing in India. It consists of three thousand small and the same number of large trunks. The last of them have diameters up to six meters.
Badian can be found in Northern Vietnam and Southeast China. It is cultivated in the Philippines, Japan, Abkhazia, India and Jamaica. The fragrant fruits of the plant are used as a spice.
What long-lived trees grow in Russia?
On the territory of our country you can find plants that are thousands of years old. Long-lived trees in Russia are spruce, oak, silver poplar and large-leaved linden. These plants are usually found everywhere.
An interesting tree is oak. Some of its specimens can reach fifty meters in height and have a two-meter diameter. The tree has long been famous for its healing properties, including astringent, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory. The lifespan of an oak can reach two thousand years.
In the Red Book of the Russian Federation there is a yew. This tree competes with star anise in terms of its lifespan, reaching the age of two to three thousand years. It is difficult to meet it in natural conditions, but some specimens grow in the Far East and on the Sakhalin Peninsula.
Silvery poplar can reach the age of 1000-1500 years, and individual specimens of large-leaved linden - up to 1200.
How many years do individual types of trees live: birch, oak and linden how much it has already seen in its lifetime. But sometimes the question still pops up in my head about how long it has been standing here. And in general, how many years trees grow or live.
After all, not only a person or an animal was given their own "limit" of stay on Earth. Each tree has a certain lifespan.
But sorting through their varieties and types can be endless, so let's try to answer the question about the most common trees: birch, oak and linden. How long do they live?
- How long does a birch live?
- How long does an oak live?
- How long does a linden live?
Originally Russian beauty, praised in songs, mentioned in proverbs and Russian-folk tales. But it grows not only in our vast expanses, you can meet a birch in American and Chinese forests. A slender tree is easily recognizable by its color: white bark is crossed by black stripes.
In early spring, when buds are just beginning to swell on most trees, birches are already covered with first green leaves. In two weeks, a birch forest turns from a gloomy forest into a colorful grove.
How long does a birch live?
Here it is worth noting the fact that it is difficult to reliably answer this question: it is impossible to keep track of the second, tenth or hundredth tree. In addition, birch has many different species and subspecies , each of which has a number of external features and its own lifespan.
Known to many Karelian birch lives relatively short time compared to other trees: only 30−50 years.
But her common "relative", drooping or warty , is able to live up to 120. But along with them there are long-livers, whose age counts the fourth, or even the fifth century.
If we talk about "average" values, they fluctuate around 100−300 years. But this is not the limit: during all this time, the birch develops diligently, stretching in height and growing long branches. And when growth stops, the movement of nutrients in the trunk begins to gradually slow down - in this state, the tree is able to live for more than one year.
Now it is not so often to find an oak grove in Russia. But if you happen to visit one, you immediately realize all the mystery and majesty of these trees. Maybe they don't sing songs about them, but they make up legends. Oak is the personification of strength, wisdom and longevity.
It grows mainly in areas located in the northern hemisphere . Starting the path as a small and slender tree, over the years the oak acquires its inherent massiveness: the sprawling crown can reach 40 meters in height, and the circumference of the already “completed” trunks is 9meters, which is also a lot.
The tree is also known for its healing properties: a decoction of oak bark has good anti-inflammatory properties and is used in folk medicine. And acorns are an excellent component for relieving spasms, swelling and inflammation.
How long does an oak tree live?
This tree is one of the longest-lived trees. And it’s not easy like that - oak is able to go through fire and water, reaching up to two thousand years! But it is worth making a reservation: the average life expectancy of one of the "representatives" of the oak forest ranges from 300 to 450 years. And only under favorable conditions these years can stretch for tens of centuries.
For the first 100-150 years, the oak actively develops, blooming only by the age of 20 or even 30 years. But the diameter of its trunk increases throughout its life, acquiring new layers of bark.
There are two particularly old and therefore remarkable trees on the planet:
- Mamre oak has been growing in Palestine for almost two thousand years. It is so old that even in the Bible there is a mention of it: once upon a time, it was under this tree that Patriarch Abraham received God.
- And in Lithuania you can find the Stelmuzh oak - the oldest tree in all of Europe. If you believe the sources mentioning him, then he is at least a century older than his sacred "comrade".
We are all familiar with this seemingly unremarkable tree. Botanists and scientists count about 45 species of linden and more than 100 of their hybrid varieties. She gained popularity thanks to inflorescences and linden honey, one of the most delicious and healthy.
An interesting fact: in June 1848, the Czech Republic recognized the linden as its national symbol.
The tree has a spreading crown, stretching in height up to 30 meters . The barrel can’t be compared with oak in terms of power, but you can’t call it “slender” either - it can reach three meters in diameter. The leaves are predominantly oval or closer to the shape of a "heart". But the lime color is much more interesting: the yellowish flowers of this tree are fragrant, they are brewed with tea and added to healing fees.