How old can pine trees live
How Long Does A Pine Tree Live?
If you've become interested in pine trees, or maybe you're considering adding one to your garden, there is going to be one common question you have in mind; how long does a pine tree live? We have also had this question, and we've researched and gathered information from reputable sites to provide an answer for you.
Pine trees can live between 50 and 450 years. Their life expectancy varies depending on the type of pine they are and where they are growing: if the soil is right for them, if they're in a polluted area, etc.
- Eastern white pine: 100-200 years
- Golden pine tree: 60-90 years
- Italian pine tree: 50 -100 years
- Norfolk island pine tree: 150 years
- Lodgepole pine: up to 400 years
- Tree mugo pine tree: 50 years
- Scotch pine: 150-300 years
Below I've gathered information on the more popular types of pine trees, including their life span and the type of environment they need to thrive.
Eastern White Pine (Pinus strobus)
The Eastern White Pine is native to eastern North America, though it frequently occurs in Kentucky. This type of pine grows best in fertile, moist, slightly acidic, and well-drained soil with full sun. In the wild, the Eastern white pine can exceed 150 feet in height and can have a spread of 20 to 40 feet. It reaches maturity at around 20 years, and it's life span varies. It can live as long as 450 years but has an average life span of 200 years. In urban environments, its longevity is limited, but it can still live over 100 years.
Golden Pine (Pinus virginiana "Wate's Golden" )
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The Golden Pine Tree, better knows as Wate's Golden is a variation of the Virginian pine. It's native to the foothills of the Appalachian Mountains and can reach between 15 and 30 feet in height, with a spread of 20 feet. It can thrive in virtually any soil type, as long as the soil is well-draining. The Golden pine is slow-growing and can live 60 to 90 years.
Italian Stone Pine (Pinus pinea "Umbrella Pine")
The Italian stone pine tree can grow between 40 and 80 feet, reaches maturity after 20 to 30 years, and grows best in drier regions, like western America and the Mediterranean. It thrives in California because of its weather conditions and can grow up to 15 feet in its first five years. This pine needs well-drained soil and does well in both acidic soil and soil that is slightly alkaline.
In city areas, because of high winds, pollution, and pavement limitations to their expansive roots, the Italian stone pine can live as little as 50yrs. However, in the wild or with careful pruning and care, it can live between 50 and 150yrs.
Norfolk Island Pine (Araucaria heterophylla)
The Norfolk Island pine, also known as the Norfolk pine, is native to both the Norfolk Islands and Australia. In its native habitat, it can quickly grow up to 200 feet in height, and its cones have the potential to reach up to 15 pounds. When grown indoors, this pine can reach between 5 and 6 feet in height.
The Norfolk Island pine can grow outside in the US, but only in the semi-tropics of Florida, as it can only really thrive in humid environments. It can grow in clay, loam, and sand, and both acidic and alkaline soil that's well-drained, and can live up to 150 years.
If you're thinking of growing a Norfolk Island pine indoors, check out our post that offers excellent urn options to pot it in.
Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta)
The Lodgepole pine grows throughout the west to the Pacific Ocean, as north as Yukon, Canada, as south as Baja, California, and east to the Black Hills of South Dakota. It grows quickly and can grow to be as tall as 156 feet. This particular pine has a wide range of environmental tolerance, from cold, wet winters to warm, dry summers.
This pine can tolerate a variety of soils but grows best in moist soils derived from granite, shale, and coarse-grained lavas. The Lodgepole pine has a long life span and can live as long as 400 years.
Mugo Pine (Pinus mugo)
The Mugo pine is a pine that is native to southwestern, southeast, and central Europe, and it can live up to 50 years if well taken care of. They grow slowly, with less than a 12-inch height increase each year, and can reach up to 20 feet, with a spread of up to 5 feet at full maturity. The Mugo pine is drought tolerant and can grow in acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained, and moist soils, making it one of the most versatile pine trees out there.
There are also dwarf variations of the Mugo pine, which can grow between 3 to 5 feet in height. As a dwarf variation, it may not live the same length of time as other variations, but it'll still give plenty of good years. If you're thinking of adding a dwarf Mugo pine to your home or garden, our post about corner gardens is a fantastic one to look at for inspiration.
Scotch Pine (Pinus sylvestris)
The Scotch pine has a life span of 150 to 300 years, and it is native to northern Europe and northern Asia, from Scotland to Siberia. This type of pine is commonly found in Ohio and is one of America's most popular Christmas trees.
It can grow between 25 and 50 feet in height, with a spread of 20 to 35 feet, and can thrive in both moist and dry soils. Since the pine has such a long life span, it grows pretty slowly, so patience is required.
Now that we've looked at the life expectancy of popular pine trees, here are two other common questions about pine trees.
How Do Pine Trees Compare to Other Trees in Lifespan?
Pine tree varieties tend to live more than typical trees. Most trees surprisingly don't live that long; fruit trees only live about 75 years, and most cherry blossom trees only average about 20 to 30 years, and this can be because of the environment they live in and the elements within that environment.
However, some trees have similar, or even longer, life spans than pine trees. The Live Oak tree can grow to be monstrous, and its average life expectancy is 300 years. The White Oak is even more impressive, with an average life expectancy of up to 600 years, a height of 100 feet, and a crown spread that can reach up to 80 feet!
Again, life expectancy for all these trees varies due to environmental factors, such as climate, fires, pollution, and drought.
What Does a Pine Tree Need to Survive?
There are a few things that pine trees need to survive, though these requirements are not necessary for all pines. Below is some detail about what these pines need.
As with all plants, pine trees need water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight to survive, as this is what they need to perform photosynthesis. Sunlight is the most important of the three, as young trees need a lot of sunlight to grow. Young pines will not be often found deep within a forest, or in shaded areas.
As stated previously in the post, most types of pine trees require soil that is well-drained and, for the most part, dry. A few species of pine, like the Lodgepole, can grow in areas that tend to be moist, but this is not the case for the majority of the pine family. The type of soil that pine trees can grow in, like acidic, alkaline, loamy, and sandy, can vary, but for the most part, pines can thrive in any of them.
Pine trees produce male and female cones, and they usually need other trees to cross-pollinate. For this, pine trees are highly reliant on the wind to distribute their pollen. Additionally, the wind can carry pollen for miles to other places and trees that may need pollination.
As strange as it may seem, some types of pine trees are dependent on forest fires for survival! Some types of pine, like the Pitch pine and the southern Longleaf pine, develop thick bark early on in their lives. During a forest fire, these pines will survive, while other trees that are competing for vital nutrients and water will not.
Not only do some pines develop thick bark, but others have serotinous cones, which means that the cones naturally stay shut by resin until there is an environmental trigger or until enough time has passed. A fire will melt the resin and release the seeds, allowing the wind to carry them away for pollination.
Pine trees have a very long life expectancy and, being pretty versatile, can thrive in almost any soil as long as they have enough sunlight. We hope you've enjoyed this post and that you feel more informed on the topic.
How Old Do Pine Trees Get?
Pine trees are often regal and beautiful, standing taller than others. They’re easily spotted because of their shape and the needles that come with them instead of leaves. However, many people wonder about the age of these trees. How old do pine trees get?
- How Many Years Before a Pine Tree Reaches Maturity
- How Can a Person Tell How Old a Pine Tree Is
- Where Do Pine Trees Normally Grow?
- How Tall Could a Pine Tree Grow?
- Does a Pine Tree Ever Stop Growing?
- Do Pine Trees Grow Inches or Feet a Year?
- Tree Rings and Their Meaning
Typically, a pine tree is long-lived. Some of them can reach up to 1,000 years old. However, most of them see 100 to 200 years of growth before being cut down or killed by insects or diseases.
How Many Years Before a Pine Tree Reaches Maturity
A pine tree has to grow for about 25 to 30 years before it is considered mature. Once maturity hits, the tree isn’t likely to get any taller. However, people can leave pine trees for about 50 years so that they grow fuller and bushier. This makes the wood more valuable.
Just because a pine tree has reached maturity doesn’t mean it’s done or must be removed. Trees can live for a long time, even after they’ve matured. It’s similar to human beings who start out as babies, become adults (mature), and continue living for many more years.
Read More: Do Pine Trees Ever Stop Growing?
How Can a Person Tell How Old a Pine Tree Is
It is impossible to be specific about the age of a pine tree. However, a person can determine its approximate age by calculating the tree’s diameter first. Then, the diameter gets multiplied by the growth factor. Consider measuring the circumference of the trunk at about chest height or 54 inches from the ground.
Look up the growth factor of that particular tree. This is the only way to go about determining the growth factor, and it’s the responsibility of the International Society of Arboriculture.
When you have the two numbers, multiply them together, and it is going to help you determine how old the tree is.
Where Do Pine Trees Normally Grow?
Pine trees are naturally found within the Northern Hemisphere. They’re in China, North America, Russia, Europe, South-East Asia, and many others. Typically, they grow in boreal forests and other cool-temperate areas.
Sometimes, people or companies grow pine trees for the holiday season. The pine is displayed prominently in many homes throughout Christmas and leading up to it. Therefore, it’s possible for pine trees to grow almost anywhere.
They ultimately get cut down once they reach maturity or a little sooner, and then they lose their needles and die after a few months of decorating homes and businesses.
How Tall Could a Pine Tree Grow?
Since there are different species of pine trees, they can each grow to a different height. However, the white pine is the most popular. It often grows to 150 feet, but it can go as high as 210 feet.
The answer is two-fold. The trunks of the trees can continue to grow wider, and the pine tree adds new rings each year. However, the trees do stop growing in height. Once they reach their maximum, they never get any taller.
This can take many decades. Some trees continue growing until they’re 150 years old. At that time, height growth is done, even if the tree lives about 100 to 200 years.
Do Pine Trees Grow Inches or Feet a Year?
Typically, pine trees only grow about 12 inches a year, and many of them grow much less than that. They have a slow growth rate. However, you can find pine trees that grow up to 24 inches a year.
In a sense, it can take six years for a pine tree to grow to 6 feet tall. However, most of them take about 15 years. On average, it takes seven years for a pine tree to get to 6 feet tall.
Tree Rings and Their Meaning
Tree rings can tell how old a tree is, but the biggest problem is that they are now dead. The first year’s growth is often darker, and the rings might not be spaced evenly.
For example, there could be a wider ring where a rainy season was present. There wasn’t as much sun, so the tree expanded but didn’t grow taller. Dry seasons can leave rings that are closer together. It all depends.
NASA even claims that the tree rings can show the climate of earth in the past!
How many years trees live (table)
Even in children's fairy tales, the expression "centennial oak" is often found. It is this tree that seems to be a classic centenarian. Of course, the life of an oak is far from being limited to a century, but this is far from a record figure. Moreover, trees close and familiar to us can also live for a very, very long time. In this material we will tell you how many years these plants live, and who is the champion.
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Individual and colonial trees
Trees, like any living organism, eventually die. The life of these plants is influenced not only by their breed, but also by the climate, the conditions of existence. Obviously, a tree adapted to conditions of sufficient moisture in Africa will quickly wither away. Scientists have found that some plants can exist for a long time in colony conditions, when the old ancestor organism vegetatively reproduced its clones. This form of existence significantly prolongs the life of the tree. So, for example, spruce grows in Sweden Old Tikko , over 9,500 years old, although the stem itself is estimated to be only a few hundred years old. However, radiocarbon analysis of the root system under the tree revealed roots aged 375, 5660, 9000 and 9550 years old.
As a result of the process by which the branch comes into contact with the ground and new roots appear (vegetative propagation), the root system can grow a new trunk. For example, in the state of Utah (USA) there is a clonal colony of "Pando" (sets of trees united by a common root system) of aspen poplar, which is estimated to be about 80,000 years old.
root system and trunk of the same age.
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How do you know how old a tree is?
And even children can answer the question “how old is a tree” - you just need to count the annual rings on the cross cut of the trunk. But how do you know the age of a mature tree without cutting it down? Here, children will not be able to answer, but scientists use the carbon method for this. The difference in the content of radioactive carbon in the core of the tree and outside is being studied. Knowing the decay rate of an element, one can calculate the age of the tree. A similar method helps to study the age of wooden structures.
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What is the oldest tree on Earth?
So it was possible to find the oldest tree on the planet and determine the life limits of large plants. The record holder among singles was considered a spiny pine named Methuselah (that was the name of the biblical centenarian). This tree, growing in the California mountains, is over 4,850 years old. The exact location of the record holder is classified to protect him from the influx of tourists. Surprisingly, harsh conditions - lack of nutrients, temperature changes, strong winds - protect trees from viruses. Experts believe that the record holder will be able to live at least another 500 years. True, a new long-liver has recently appeared - in the same Inyo district, the same spinous pine was found aged 5,070 years, but this has not yet been confirmed.
Again, among clone colonies, the record belongs to 47 thousand poplars growing on an area of 46 hectares in the US state of Utah. And although the above-ground trees here are no older than 130 years, the colony itself is already about 80 thousand years old.
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How long do fruit trees live?
The fruits of fruit trees that please us cannot, unfortunately, be called long-livers. It is in the wild that an apple tree can live up to 200 years, but in a garden a tree will live no more than 50 years, usually up to 30. The situation is similar with plum. But a pear, with good care, can live in the garden for up to 200 years. Much more modest is the life of a peach. The tree will live only 20 years, and will bear fruit even less.
Deciduous trees around us generally live longer. Beloved by all birch grows here, in a suitable climate, up to 300 years. But aspens and mountain ash live up to 100 years.
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Of course, oaks that live 400 years or more, up to 1,500 years, are considered long-lived in this series. But conifers are considered champions, and it is no coincidence. All thanks to their unpretentiousness, these trees grow in any soil. Ordinary pine can live 400-500 years, like juniper, and spruce - 500-600, cedars - up to 1,000 years, spiny pine - over 5,000 years. Giant trees are also among the long-livers. So, baobab and yew can live up to 4,000 years, as well as sequoiadendron (mammoth tree). In the Sierra Nevada mountains in California, several such trees have been found that are over 3,000 years old.
Human life lasts longer than most living organisms on the planet. But we can't compare to trees. They grow and develop much more slowly, which allows them to exist for centuries and millennia. Just think, the trees that lived in the times of Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome were preserved on Earth, we will leave, and these plants will be able to see the future unattainable to us.
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How many years trees live (table)
This table shows the years of the average life span of trees on earth.
|Tree name||Life expectancy (years)|
|Orange||up to 100-150|
|Banana ( perennial herb, not a tree )||50|
|Cherry||20 — 30|
|Rough elm||to 300|
|Hornbeam||100 - 150|
|Prickly spruce (blue)||400-600|
|Brittle willow (Rakita)||to 75|
|Cocoa (chocolate tree)||50-100|
|Larch (European and Siberian)||500|
|Pinia (Italian Pine)||400-500|
|Willow (brittle willow)||to 75|
|European pine||to 1000|
|Siberian cedar pine||400-500|
|Crassula (money tree)||50-90|
|Western thuja||over 100|
|Thuja Smaragd||120 - 130|
|Apple tree||to 200|
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Tags: iFaq, Wonderful world.
Tree life table
0 Akaki #
December 12, 2018 at 4:28 pm
0 Korek #
July 19, 2021 at 01:46 pm
Are you youtuber Akaki????
0 Korek #
July 19, 2021 at 01:47 pm
0 Oleg #
March 28, 2019 at 11:19 am
Thank you. I found out who has a life expectancy of 400 years
0 He #
April 2, 2019 at 12:35 pm
0 Vadim #
May 23, 2019 at 9:09 pm
May 23, 2019 class.
0 Anastasia #
December 15, 2019 at 04:35
Single letter yew with
December 15, 2019 at 09:25
Thank you. Fixed.
0 Dinara #
January 16, 2020 at 18:36
on earth??? Please fix this too
January 16, 2020 at 18:39
Thank you. Fixed.
0 H #
January 23, 2020 at 2:26 pm
Banana is a grass, not a tree
January 23, 2020 at 03:16 pm
Thank you, you are absolutely right.
But since many users are looking for information about the banana as a tree, we decided to leave this perennial herbaceous plant in this table, making a clarification.
0 Human #
April 26, 2021 at 07:42 pm
This is a berry
0 Amalia #
January 23, 2020 at 17:49
European Cedar Pine
We did not know that Cedar Pine lives so long
0 Amalia #
January 23, 2020 at 5:53 pm
European Cedar Pine
Wow she lives so long: 1000 years
0 Nikolai Borisovich #
March 3, 2020 at 09:38
And where is the hornbeam? And the boxwood? These are our residents. And where is my beloved Pinia? This is an Italian pine, Rome is planted with it. Expand the list!
March 3, 2020 at 10:17 am
Nikolai Borisovich thanks for the comment - added.
0 Guest #
March 9, 2020 at 03:55 pm
March 9, 2020 at 19:48
Added. Thank you.
0 Alexei #
November 27, 2020 at 16:30
You write incorrectly about the Siberian cedar. 1000 year old Siberian cedars were found in Eastern Altai. Under favorable conditions, it can live up to 1000 years. The Siberian cedar is a subspecies of the European cedar pine.
0 pupil #
December 29, 2020 at 13:28
I am in the 1st grade and I needed to thank the site for the environment
0 Anna #
January 6, 2021 at 09:07
Bamboo is grass!
January 6, 2021 at 11:41 am
Anna . Thank you. Made a correction.
0 Lily #
January 12, 2021 at 16:49
The world around in 1st grade. Tasks, of course, are not for children, but for parents. Thanks for the table.
0 Evgenia #
January 17, 2021 at 13:26
And we are 1st class for the outside world!! Thank you for the sign)
0 Kirill #
January 18, 2021 at 06:24 pm
0 Ratalia #
February 1, 2021 at 18:14
Thanks for the information
0 Alexander #
March 1, 2021 at 14:51
Ginkgo biloba biloba
March 2, 2021 at 09:33
Alexander thanks, added.
0 Alexander #
March 2, 2021 at 11:34 am
March 2, 2021 at 12:40 pm
Thank you, added.
0 Alexander #
March 2, 2021 at 10:55 pm
March 3, 2021 at 09:04
Robinia - added.
Jasmine is a shrub.
0 Alexander #
March 3, 2021 at 09:50
March 4, 2021 at 08:42
Added mulberry. Thank you.
0 Alexander #
March 30, 2021 at 20:45
0 Alexander #
March 30, 2021 at 8:48 pm
April 2, 2021 at 09:30
Alexander thanks, added.
0 Irina #
May 14, 2021 at 09:57
Thank you! I found the necessary information to resolve the issue: the tree is sick or it should already be cut down due to old age.
0 Ivan #
June 25, 2021 at 16:10
It was a revelation for me that Poplar lives only 60-80 years! I do not believe. Poplar grows next to my house, 1.5 meters in diameter and as tall as a 10-storey building. I have never seen anything like this in our city .. and I think it is 200 years old, no less, because I saw an Oak 1 meter in diameter where there was a sign that it was 300 years old!
0 Elena #
June 26, 2021 at 18:27
Oak grows very slowly, so it is not surprising that at the age of 300 it has not yet gained strength.
0 Naddya #
October 8, 2021 at 15:36
Based on what sources is this table compiled?
October 8, 2021 at 19:05
Wikipedia and various foreign sites.
0 Irina #
23 February 2022 at 16:44
There are 3000 year old olive trees in Cyprus
0 Egor #
June 7, 2022 at 1:45 pm
Manchurian walnut would be nice.