How old is the angel tree


The Oldest Tree in the Southeast

Thought to be one of the oldest organisms east of the Mississippi, the Angel Oak tree is more than  500-year old oak tree in Charleston, South Carolina. Ruth Miller and Linda Lennon explore the tree’s centuries of history in The Angel Oak Story. In this excerpt, Miller and Lennon talk about the tree’s earliest history.

To all whom these presents shall come, Greeting.

Thus wrote Abraham Waight in 1701. The words linger across the centuries, much as the Angel Oak might speak to generations present and future. It is appropriate the story the patriarchal oak would tell is the story of Abraham Waight, for he was the first man to own the property on which Angel Oak grows. The story the tree could tell is the story of Carolina. So to all whom these presents shall come, Greeting.
 
Return to the year 1663. Charles II is restored to the British throne. To reward eight of his important supporters, the king grants them a tremendous piece of property in the New World. The northern boundary is Virginia, the southern boundary at present-day St. Augustine, Florida, and the western boundary the Pacific Ocean. This, the colony of Carolina, is granted to eight proprietors, all experienced in colonial affairs.


A British crown. Reprinted from The Angel Oak Story by Ruth Miller with Linda Lennon (pg. 15, The History Press, 2018).

The land is theirs to colonize, to govern and to profit from. In essence, the settlement of Carolina was a business operation, and the corporation owners’ chief aim was to make money. They understood the way to profit from a colony was to populate the land with industrious, productive settlers.
 
The proprietors used their knowledge of colonial affairs to compose a legal document that governed Carolina. Complicated and unworkable in many specifics, the early law held two irresistible promises for Carolina’s pioneers: land and religious freedom.
 
The Religious Toleration Act is generally credited to the ablest of the proprietors, the Earl of Shaftsbury, and the influence of his associate the English philosopher John Locke. Carolina offered an island of toleration to Europeans and discontented settlers in other colonies. The Fundamental Orders for Carolina read, “Any seaven or more persons agreeing in any religion shall constitute a church or a profession to wch. they shall give some name to distinguish it from other.” This was a unique expression of religious liberalism in an age boiling with religious persecution.


The Angel Oak tree. Image by Agupta96 [CC-BY-SA 4.0], via Wikimedia Commons.
 
By 1700, Baptists, Huguenots, Jews, Presbyterians, Puritans and Quakers had all come to the Lowcountry.
 
The lure of the land was equally attractive. A system of “headrights” promised acreage to every immigrant for himself and any others whom he brought to Carolina, including family, indentured servants and slaves.
 
The proprietors envisioned a feudal system of massive estates supporting a wealthy aristocracy. Their plan for titled nobility with North American landgraves and cassiques may sound comical today, but the huge tracts of land became the plantation system that determined the whole course of Carolina’s history.
 
The specific property on which Angel Oak stands was part of a small grant to Abraham Waight dated July 25, 1717, for ninety-six acres at the head of Wadmalaw (the marsh at the source of Church Creek). It should be noted that head in these old plats refers to the source of the stream, its “head waters.”
 
In 1734, the story moves to the church of St. Johns, at the entrance to Angel Oak Road, formerly known as Agricultural Hall Road. In the early 1700s, the Church Act was passed by the Assembly of Carolina and approved by the proprietors. The law continued to allow freedom of worship but required taxes for the support of Anglican parishes.
 
The first sanctuary of St. Johns was destroyed during the Revolutionary War and replaced by a new building in 1817 on the old foundation. The first pew list of the antebellum church contains an important new name: number twenty-seven is labeled Angel. This is the same Angel who is to give Angel Oak its name, for the Waight plantation become the Angel plantation in the year 1810.
 
But the Angel Oak’s story truly comes into focus with two sons…
 

Things To Know Before Visiting The Beautiful Angel Oak Tree

Twelve miles from Charleston, South Carolina, approximately 30 minutes by car, sits one of the oldest living Southern live oak trees east of the Mississippi. Angel Oak, located on Johns Island, is also known locally as “The Tree.” It is considered a “Low Country Treasure,” and an estimated 40,000 visitors arrive each year to wander under its impressive branches and contemplate life in their shade. It is reported to be anywhere from 300 to 500 years old, but many consider the tree to be ancient, claiming it’s 1,500 years old. The tree continues to be popular because of its age, beauty, and the legends surrounding it. The weather is hot and humid during the summer in Charleston, so visit in the spring or fall to truly enjoy the majesty of Angel Oak. Here are seven things to know before you go.

Dave Allen Photography / Shutterstock

1. Angel Oak Is A Live Oak

Angel Oak is a Southern live oak, or Quercus virginiana. Live oaks are evergreen, which means they remain green and alive throughout the winter. They do drop some leaves in the spring but tend to replace them quickly. They offer lovely shade. Native to the Lowcountry, the area along the South Carolina coast, they can live for hundreds of years, and most grow out wide rather than up. It is believed that this type of tree does not usually grow tall, but Angel Oak is so mature that it grows both up and out. Angel Oak’s branches reach in all directions; some even dive underground and then grow up again. The wood is so hard that the USS Constitution, which was built of Southern live oak, earned the nickname “Old Ironsides” because cannonballs bounced off its sides.

2. Angel Oak’s Namesake

The tree got its name from plantation owner Justus Angel. It was initially on the property of Abraham Waight, recorded in 1717 as part of a land grant. Mr. Waight held a lot of land and several plantations in the area. He was incredibly wealthy. Angel Oak was on the property for four generations of Weights but was transferred to Justus Angel, Martha Waight’s future husband, as a part of Martha’s wedding settlement.

Jeanine Consoli

3. Admission Is Free

Angel Oak is owned by the City of Charleston, and there is no charge to visit, but donations are accepted to help preserve it for future generations. There is a parking lot outside the fence and just a short walk into the park to see this natural beauty. It is open seven days a week (except for holidays). A gift shop is located on the property, and picnic tables are available around the park’s perimeter. The gift shop provides more information about Angel Oak and merchandise, including the gorgeous sweetgrass baskets handmade by local artisans. You are not permitted to take photos in the shop, but you are welcome to take pictures of the tree with hand-held cameras. Tripods are prohibited. Bring a picnic and sit at one of the tables. Visitors aren’t permitted to put blankets under the branches or have any food or drinks near the tree. Leashed pets are allowed in the picnic area.

Permits are required for weddings and photoshoots and are provided by the City of Charleston Parks and Recreation Department.

Pro Tip: The ground may be uneven around the trunk, so watch your step, look up, and marvel at her size and strength.

4. Angel Oak’s Size

Angel Oak has been growing for at least four centuries and has had a lot of time to mature. The tree is 66.5 feet or six stories high, and the trunk has a circumference of 28 feet. The canopy, dripping in Spanish moss, spreads over 17,200 square feet, and the most extended branch reaches 187 feet from tip to end. There are supports under some of the most massive branches or wires attached to the tree to help keep the giant limbs from breaking. Typically, Live oak branches will grow underground and then come back up and grow outward. Some of Angel Oak’s branches do this as well. This feature makes the tree look almost otherworldly.

Pierre Leclerc / Shutterstock

5. It’s Survived Many Storms

Angel Oak has seen its share of storms, floods, and even earthquakes, and it has remained standing. The only hurricane to cause the tree damage in recent history was Hurricane Hugo. Hugo was devastating to South Carolina as it made landfall a category 4 storm near Sullivan’s Island on September 22, 1989. The wind speeds were clocked at 140 miles per hour, and the storm surge pushed up the rivers, especially the nearby Ashley River, which is 12 miles away. The water flooded the lowlands. The damage caused by the storm exceeded $7 billion to property and agriculture. While many local trees were snapped in half or blown down by the winds, Angel Oak did not topple over. Despite Hugo’s severity, the damage to Angel Oak was not severe, and the tree continues to thrive and grow. The most recent threat to the tree was a housing development planned in 2012. Luckily, a group called Save the Angel Oak and the Coastal Conservation League argued that the groundwater would be compromised if apartments were built near the site. In 2013, the Lowcountry Land Trust preserved 17 acres around the tree, which protected it from future development.

6. Angel Oak Is A Symbol In Books And Television

Angel Oak was featured in a novel by author Emily Nelson entitled The Heart of a Child. It was also used as a backdrop for an Allstate Insurance television commercial during Hurricane Florence’s aftermath in 2018. The advertisement begins with a panoramic shot around the tree’s entire span. The voiceover speaks to the resilience of South Carolina residents, likening their strength to that of the Angel Oak.

Cvandyke / Shutterstock

7. Angel Oak Is Rumored To Be Haunted

It is no secret that there are ghostly stories that surround the tree. For her book Ghosts and Legends of Charleston, South Carolina, Denise Roffe interviewed an old African American woman, a descendant of slaves who once labored on the land near Angel Oak. She recounted a legend that the tree was home to giant vultures who feasted on the bodies of slaves who were hung from the branches. She said that the tree has a curse on it due to the violence that occurred there, and that slaves felt that the tree was a bad omen. She also claimed that Native Americans met underneath the tree and made it a sacred burial ground and believed it was the spirits of Native Americans that protected the tree and kept it alive and safe.

In recent years, reports of glowing lights and faces have been reported. In 2008, a couple was married under the tree and returned a few months later during a full moon to have a romantic moment where they were married. They reported seeing glowing human forms gathered around the trunk and some up in the branches.

Another couple visited the tree one evening. The husband tried to carve a heart into the bark as a symbol of their love but stopped when he heard noises nearby. The wife was feeling uneasy, and she asked him to put his blade away. She claims she saw a fiery face appear in the branches. She said she saw another anguished face in the surrounding trees. As they ran back to the road, they looked back to see a group of lighted souls gathered around the trunk.

Whether you believe the lore or not, one can’t visit the incredible Angel Oak without feeling something stir deep in their soul. I always feel a sense of peace there. I have been to see Angel Oak many times, and it still overwhelms me. The sheer age and size of this natural specimen make it feel like you are visiting a sacred spot where all the earliest days’ knowledge is housed inside the trunk and limbs. I have never seen it during the evening, as the park closes at 5 p.m. Visitors are not permitted to congregate in the park after closing time, and signs remind people not to deface the tree.

Charleston, South Carolina, is reportedly one of America’s most haunted cities, and any historic place is bound to have prior inhabitants lingering in their former home. For more inspiration, read up on fantastic places to stay in Charleston and 12 totally free things to do while you’re there.

Angel Oak - Secret World

Angel Oak - Secret World