How old is the oldest known tree in north america


Oldest known trees in eastern North America documented -- ScienceDaily

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Date:
May 9, 2019
Source:
University of Arkansas
Summary:
A stand of bald cypress trees in North Carolina, including one least 2,624 years old, are the oldest known living trees in eastern North America and the oldest wetland tree species in the world. They show evidence of severe flooding and drought during colonial and pre-colonial times.
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A recently documented stand of bald cypress trees in North Carolina, including one tree at least 2,624 years old, are the oldest known living trees in eastern North America and the oldest known wetland tree species in the world.

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David Stahle, Distinguished Professor of geosciences, along with colleagues from the university's Ancient Bald Cypress Consortium and other conservation groups, discovered the trees in 2017 in a forested wetland preserve along the Black River south of Raleigh, North Carolina. Stahle documented the age of the trees using dendrochronology, the study of tree rings, and radio carbon dating. His findings were published May 9 in the journal Environmental Research Communications.

The ancient trees are part of an intact ecosystem that spans most of the 65-mile length of the Black River. In addition to their age, the trees are a scientifically valuable means of reconstructing ancient climate conditions. The oldest trees in the preserve extend the paleoclimate record in the southeast United States by 900 years, and show evidence of droughts and flooding during colonial and pre-colonial times that exceed any measured in modern times.

"It is exceedingly unusual to see an old-growth stand of trees along the whole length of a river like this," Stahle said. "Bald cypress are valuable for timber and they have been heavily logged. Way less than 1 percent of the original virgin bald cypress forests have survived."

Stahle has been working in the area since 1985, and cataloged bald cypress trees as old as 1,700 years in a 1988 study published in the journal Science. His work helped preserve the area, 16,000 acres of which have since been purchased by The Nature Conservancy, a private land-conservation group that keeps most of its holdings open to the public.

"Dr. Stahle's original work on the Black River, which showed trees dating from Roman times, inspired us to begin conservation on the Black more than two decades ago," said Katherine Skinner, executive director of The North Carolina Chapter of The Nature Conservancy. "This ancient forest gives us an idea of what much of North Carolina's coastal plain looked like millennia ago. It is a source of inspiration and an important ecosystem. Without Dr. Stahle, it would have gone unprotected and likely destroyed."

For the newest study, researchers used non-destructive core samples from 110 trees found in a section of the wetland forest they had not previously visited. "The area of old growth bald cypress was 10 times larger than I realized," Stahle said. "We think there are older trees out there still. "

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Story Source:

Materials provided by University of Arkansas. Original written by Bob Whitby. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. D W Stahle, J R Edmondson, I M Howard, C R Robbins, R D Griffin, A Carl, C B Hall, D K Stahle, M C A Torbenson. Longevity, climate sensitivity, and conservation status of wetland trees at Black River, North Carolina. Environmental Research Communications, 2019; 1 (4): 041002 DOI: 10.1088/2515-7620/ab0c4a

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Meet the Oldest Trees in the World, Right Here in the West — Sunset

We all intrinsically know that trees are old—the oldest life forms on our planet, prehistoric in some cases. Among all life on earth, they have the greatest capacity for ancientness; this is what trees are famous for. But even though we in the West know that trees are old, we might lose sight of the ways in which trees can measure the timeline of humanity itself. The West is home to nearly all of America’s oldest trees—and many of the world’s largest. We are incredibly fortunate to have these wizened wizards in our midst. Here are the places in the West where you can witness their grandeur up close and in person.

Pando: The One-Tree Forest of Quaking Aspen

Photo by Deb Snelson / Getty Images

Pando, the 47,000-tree clonal colony of male* quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides) in Utah is thought to be one of the world’s oldest living organisms—the root system of Pando is an estimated 80,000 years old. Let’s put this into perspective: At this point in history, modern humans were a brand-new species, barely out of Africa, freshly afoot into Asia. A full 45,000 years before the first bone tools or even human language, Pando was a baby seedling sprouting out of the Utah soils. Every so often, a fire would rip through and take out its competition—conifers—and each time that happened, a fresh deposit of carbon meant Pando’s roots could shoot out a little further, popping a new shoot a little further out. Today, Pando is approximately 106 acres large, an entire forest comprised solely of clones of himself, but he might be finally reaching the end—mule deer have been taking him down one new sucker at a time, devouring the baby tree sprouts before they have a chance to reach maturity. His days may be numbered unless the exploding deer population is brought under control, but with wolves extirpated from the area and hunting banned (due to the proximity to houses), the solution might be to put a fence around the one-tree forest and hope for the best.

*Aspen is a dioecious species, so male and female flowers are on separate plants

Where to view: In Fishlake National Forest in South-Central UT

Methuselah: World’s Greatest Great Basin Bristlecone Pine

Photo by Cavan Images / Getty Images

At 4,852 years old, Methuselah is the second-oldest single-stem tree in the world.* This Great Basin bristlecone pine (Pinus longaeva) is one of just three species of bristlecone pine. Residing in California’s White Mountains, the gnarled, wizened Methuselah doesn’t have many forest-mates; the alkaline soils of the White Mountains aren’t very hospitable to many species and the understory in the Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest is rather sparse. Methuselah’s close relative, the Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine (P. aristata), also makes “world’s oldest” lists (one individual, known only as CB-90-11, is 2,463 years old).

*With its date finally confirmed in 2012, there is one other Great Basin bristlecone pine that’s actually older (5,069 years old as of 2021born around the time of the invention of the wheel), but the exact location of this healthy, unnamed specimen has been kept secret. Like Methuselah, it lives somewhere in the White Mountains.

Where to view: Methuselah Grove in the Ancient Bristlecone Pine Forest of Inyo National Forest

General Sherman: The World’s Largest (Single-Stem) Tree

Photo courtesy of Sequoia National Park

When we think of the redwood forests of Northern California, this is who comes to mind: the General Sherman Tree in Sequoia National Park. Size matters: This 2,100-year-old giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) is the largest (by volume) tree on Earth, is approximately 275 feet tall and weighs in at an estimated 1,385 tons. Like many of the parks’ trees, it was named in the 1870s for a leader in the then-recently fought Civil War. We prefer the tree’s common name, a nod to the Native American polymath Sequoyah, who invented the Cherokee writing system.

Where to view: North end of Giant Forest in Sequoia National Park

The Bennett Juniper: America’s Biggest Juniper

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Coming in at about 2,200 years old, this hefty honey has been around as long as the Great Wall of China. This tree has been shrouded in consternation—an enigma wrapped in a puzzle wrapped in a mystery. First, they couldn’t quite pin down the age; over the decades, numerous dendrologists have drilled it with their increment borers to count the rings with mixed results. They tried comparing it to the number of rings on nearby (dead) trees of similar size—these were around 6,000 years old—but this proved inaccurate since ol’ Bennett grows near a water source, allowing it to grow larger (12.7 feet in diameter) than its neighbors. During its most recent coring (in 1989, at the request of its current owners the Save the Redwoods League), it became known that Bennett has a dead core and therefore its true age may never be known.

Where to view: Stanislaus National Forest in Tuolumne, CA

Dawn Redwood: Sequoia’s “Living Fossil” Cousin

Photo by Jackal Pan / Getty Images

Everyone knows about the coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) of Northern California (they have their own national park) and the famous “Tunnel Tree”—a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) that was felled by a storm in 2017.* But there’s an even older species—a living fossil dating back to the Miocene (23 to 5 million years ago) that is Oregon’s official state fossil: dawn redwood (Metasequoia glyptostroboides). Having previously only been known from the fossil record, this native of China was thought extinct until the 1940s, when the first living populations were discovered in central China. Once discovered, seeds were distributed around the world, including Portland—the specimens in the City of Roses were planted in 1948, making them among the oldest in the country. Like larch, these majestic conifers are deciduous; that is, they change color and drop their leaves in the fall just like maple or oak.

Where to view: Hoyt Arboretum in Portland, Oregon

*Drive-thru sequoia fans, take heart: there are still two standing tunnel-trees in the West: the Chandelier Tree in Leggett, CA, and a (dead, but still standing) tunnel tree in Tuolumne Grove in Yosemite National Park, pictured at the head of this article.

Another Living Fossil: Gingko, the Maidenhair Tree

Photo by Istvan Balogh / Getty Images

Speaking of living fossils, gingko (Gingko biloba) is the only surviving member of the entire Gingkophyta plant division—all of its kin are long extinct. Because the tree is native to China, fossilized gingko specimens found in Central Washington provide evidence that North America was once connected to Asia.

Where to view: Any arboretum, Japanese, or Chinese garden in the West, like Portland’s Hoyt Arboretum. View the fossilized version at Gingko Petrified Forest in Kittitas, WA (which has dozens of other petrified species as well).

The largest tree in North America. Tallest Trees in the USA

The General Sherman tree is located in Sequoia National Park in the United States, in the Sierra Nevada, California.
This tree is still the largest living creature on the planet.
The height of the giant General Sherman tree is more than 83 meters, the circumference of its trunk is more than 24 meters, the circumference of the crown is as much as 33 meters.

In the nineteenth century, the area where the famous tree grows, the explorer John Muir (John Muir), called the "Giant Forest" when he discovered giant sequoias. The name of this part of the park, "Giant Forest", remains to this day. Many tourists describe the General Sherman tree, striking in its size, as a red-orange "stone", the top of which cannot be seen.
Tourists come to the park specifically to see the General Sherman tree, named after Civil War hero General William Sherman, and take pictures. Next to the sequoia, they seem so fragile and small.

For a long time it was believed that General Sherman's tree was over three thousand years old, but recent studies have determined its exact age - exactly two thousand years. So it's not the oldest tree in the world.

The oldest tree in the world, a special species of California pine, was 4484 years old when it was cut down in 1965. Sequoias were also cut down, the age of which reached about 3000 years. It is believed that 5,000 trees still exist on Earth.
In the winter of 2006, General Sherman's tree lost part of its crown, the largest branch of the tree, which was about two meters in diameter and about 30 meters long, fell off

When the branches fell to the ground, the fence around the tree and leading to it was destroyed road. Even after this, General Sherman's tree did not lose its status as the largest tree on the planet.

A special path leads to General Sherman's tree, and even people with disabilities can see this miracle. At the end of the path, brick tiles are laid out, which show where the roots of the tree reach.

The giant's trunk grows nearly 1.5 cm in diameter every year. The General Sherman tree is still growing and, according to the California State Park website, annually adds enough wood to make a five or six-room house.

This article pays tribute to trees that have managed to survive and thrive for thousands of years.

1. The oldest cloned tree in the world: Old Tjikko 9500 years old.

Old Tikko , according to experts about 9550 years old , so it is believed to be the oldest single vegetatively cloned tree known to date. The tree is located in the Fulufjellet park in Sweden.

The tree lives so long thanks to the process of natural vegetative cloning. The tree in the picture looks young, but it is part of an old root system that is thousands of years old. A tree trunk lives for about 600 years, after which it dies and a new one takes its place. But the root system of the tree remains intact.

The oldest tree in the world: Old Tjikko 9500 years old.

2. The oldest living non-clonal tree in the world: Methuselah 4,845 years old.

Unlike Old Tikko, which "clones" itself, Mufusail's trunk is about 4845 years old and is the oldest non-clonal tree alive today.

The world's oldest living non-clonal tree: Methuselah 4,845 years

3. .

Hyperion was discovered on August 25, 2006 by naturalists Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor in California. According to experts, the tree is about 700-800 years old.

The tallest tree in the world: Hyperion 115.6 meters high

The tallest tree in the world: Hyperion 115.6 meters high

4. .

General Sherman is considered the largest living organism on the planet! The height of the tree is 83 meters, the volume of the trunk is 1450 m³, the weight is about 2000 tons, and the age is 2700 years.

The largest tree in the world: General Sherman

The largest tree in the world: General Sherman

The tree is located in Sequoia National Park, California, USA.

5. The widest tree in the world: Arbol del Tule

Arbol del Tule, considered the widest tree in the world. Its diameter is 11.62 meters. Some tried to challenge his record by saying that this is not one tree, but several fused, but after the DNA analysis was done, it turned out that it was one tree.

M years of research, observations and statistics show that today the thickest tree in the world is the African baobab. The largest of its described representatives had a trunk diameter of about nine meters. And among the champions, a baobab was recorded, in which the trunk had a girth of 54.5 meters. This is an extremely unusual tree. Not only its size is striking, but also its proportions. With a trunk size of ten meters, it grows to a height of only 20 meters. These trees are extremely tenacious, recover quickly when the bark is damaged, and can grow for hundreds of years with a completely decayed core.

Photo: Baobab prison in Australia. The tree was used as a temporary prison at the end of the 19th century.

The trunk of the baobab at the top splits into smooth, thick branches forming a crown up to 40 meters in diameter. Its core is very loose, undergoes rapid destruction under the influence of fungi. The result is large hollow trunks, any of which could easily accommodate up to 30 people. Local natives use them as pantries for storing grain, reservoirs of water and for other purposes. In Kenya, one of the baobabs is equipped as a haven for travelers, in Zimbabwe - as a bus station with a waiting room for 40 people, in Botswana - as a prison. In the center of Africa, in a tree that is 6,000 years old, there is a bar that is very popular with tourists.

In the photo: A toilet built in a baobab tree. Zambia.

There are also unique "mammoth trees" - sequoiadendrons. The most famous of them is the "General Sherman", 84 meters in height, with a base diameter of 11 meters and a crown circumference of 31.3 meters. The estimated volume of its wood is 1487 m3, weight - 6 tons. Sequoia grows in Mexico, not as massive as sequoiadendrons, but exceeding them in diameter - more than 35 meters. Outwardly, it looks like it consists of several trunks, but the analysis showed that the tree is one.

In general, redwoods are considered one of the largest trees in nature, growing to a height of 50-80 meters, with a trunk diameter of up to 8-10 meters. There is a description that on the American continent there was a giant tree with a trunk diameter of 36 meters. A case is known when such a tree fell, blocking the highway. They had to build a tunnel through it, and it still functions today. Thanks to such a colossal cross-section of the trunks, small cafes and even dance floors are arranged on the stumps of cut down trees. Another record of this type of tree is that they have an unusually thick bark - 60-70 centimeters. They live for several thousand years, but gradually die out, only no more than 500 copies have survived.

In the photo: mammoth tree, sequoiadendron "General Sherman"

There are giant "fats" among other types of trees. For example, in Mexico, the giant taxodium Mexican, known as the "Tule Tree", grows. Its trunk diameter is 11.62 meters. It was believed that such a giant was formed from several tree trunks. But DNA analysis confirmed that its trunks have one genetic code, which means they are a single organism. The age of the giant is more than one and a half thousand years. Its popular name is the "tree of life", because looking closely at its bark, you can distinguish figures of various animals.

Pictured: Mexican taxodium, "Tule Tree" in the Mexican city of Santa Maria del Tule in the state of Oaxaca.

The common chestnut tree, which grows near Mount Etna in Sicily, has a trunk diameter of 20.4 meters and a crown area of ​​64 meters. All this was accumulated by him for 4000 years. The giant bears the name "Chestnut of a hundred horsemen", according to legend, he sheltered a hundred knights on horseback from bad weather. The trunk of the giant consists of five fused trees. For the giant crown area, the chestnut is listed in the Guinness Book of Records. In the photo: Chestnut of a hundred horsemen in Sicily.

Scientists agree that the thickest tree in the world is the African baobab. Although its scientific name sounds somewhat strange and unusual - Adasonia palmate. The first part of the "name" perpetuates the name of the French naturalist Michel Adanson, who discovered and described this plant, and the second - the shape of the leaves, resembling spread fingers. So, it turns out, everything is natural and understandable.

Old timers of the savannah

In addition to being the first in the list of "fat men", baobabs also claim to be the oldest trees on the planet. It is very difficult to determine the exact age of the tree, because due to the continuous growth of annual rings in the trunk section, it does not have. The range of data for different researchers can differ by several millennia - from 1000 to 5000 thousand years. Impressive! In a year, the baobab grows only 2-3 cm, and one can only guess what dinosaurs and how many these majestic giants of the savanna have seen in their lifetime.

Not only the age records of the baobab are impressive, but also its visual proportions. An adult tree, as a rule, grows no higher than 20-25 m, but in diameter it can reach up to 9 m. If you make a quick calculation of the cross-sectional area, you get a whole dance floor measuring 60 sq.m. The largest dimensions recorded in the history of observations had a trunk with a girth of 54.5 m.

Tenacious, but fragile

The ability of centuries-old giants to survive in arid conditions is largely due to the structure of their root system. Thick knotted roots literally bite into the ground, entangling it with an invisible underground web. Extending for several tens of meters, they absorb the slightest moisture encountered on the way, accumulating it in reserve.

A tree trunk is also a kind of living reservoir. The loose and porous structure of wood is capable, like a sponge, to absorb and retain water for a long time. During the dry period, an interesting picture can be observed - the trunks of baobabs gradually lose weight, decreasing in volume due to loss of moisture. And if you hit it with your fist, then a dent forms in this place. Powerful and strong fibers keep the softened “construction” in a stable position to stay above the ground evenly and vertically.

Surprisingly, even baobabs that have been knocked down to the ground calmly take root and continue to grow. You can also envy their fire resistance. Even burned and severely damaged bark is able to recover and heal wounds inflicted by fire. Giant trees also behave unusually after "death". They simply crumble, leaving behind a pile of bark and fibers, which is gradually compared to the surface of the soil.

Pistils-flowers

Oddly enough, the baobab blooms exactly during the period of drought. Completely bare branches are covered with large flowers, vaguely similar to cotton. In diameter, fluffy roses can reach 20 cm, exuding a pleasant, but rather peculiar aroma. Flowers open in the late afternoon or at night, so bats act as their pollinators. And if the locals have long been accustomed to such a picture, then for tourists the process of pollination turns into a real enchanting spectacle. By morning, globular flower buds wither and fall to the ground.

Food is served

Baobab is a kind of non-waste "breadwinner" used by the local population, as they say, both in the tail and in the mane. The bark of the tree is used to make paper, fish tackle, various household utensils (bags, baskets, furniture) and even clothes. And all thanks to the extraordinary strong and durable fiber, which is able to withstand heavy loads and not wear out for years.

Leaves and fruits are widely used in cooking. A lot of dishes are prepared from them, boiled, fried, steamed and baked in ovens. Young baobab seedlings taste like green asparagus, and the "insides" of ripe fruits are somewhat similar to marshmallows. The pulp is also used to make a tasty and healthy drink, which is served chilled and invigorates like lemonade.

By the way, many animals do not mind eating the ripe fruits of the fat tree. The monkeys especially liked their sour taste, which is why the baobab received a characteristic nickname in the common people - monkey bread. Do not pass by delicacies and elephants, eating not only leaves and branches, but also trunks.

Everything is useful in the household

Since the core of the baobab trunk is very loose, it creates a favorable environment for the reproduction of various fungi. As a result, large internal cavities are formed, where you can not only become full-length, but also accommodate several people at once. In Kenya, travelers are offered a mini-hotel equipped inside with places to sleep and eat. In Zimbabwe, one tree was “rebuilt” into a bus station for 40 people, and in Botswana they acted even more originally, making a prison out of a baobab. In African villages, stem "tunnels" are often used to store grain, pet food, water, and other household needs.

So, thick and clumsy, branchy giants of the desert do not suffer from a lack of human attention, which once again proves that happiness is not in beauty.

Today the tallest tree in the world is the Hyperion sequoia.

The height of this tree is 115.6 m. The diameter of the trunk is 4.84 m. It grows in the USA, California. Approximate age 700 - 800 years. This tree was discovered in 2006 by Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor. You will not find real photographs of this tree, since its location is kept secret.

In today's world, only two types of trees are considered the tallest. These are eucalyptus trees that grow on mainland Australia, and North American sequoias.

The tallest tree in the world video:

The tallest tree among eucalyptus trees.

Eucalyptus - the tallest evergreen flowering plant on the planet, belonging to the myrtle family, genus - eucalyptus. They grow mainly in Australia and Tasmania. Australian eucalyptus trees are the tallest trees in the world. Their height can reach 100-150 m.

There was a time when the tallest tree belonged to the genus Eucalyptus. A specimen is known that has grown to 189 m. To date, the highest eucalyptus "Centurion", growing on the island of Tasmania and having a height of 101 m, and a trunk diameter of 4 m. It was discovered in 2008.

Centurion

El Grande

A huge eucalyptus called El Grande was discovered in 2002 on the island of Tasmania. Unfortunately, in 2003 he died due to a fire.

The tallest tree in the world is a sequoia.

Sequoia is one of the tallest trees on Earth. This monotypic genus, which includes only one species of woody plants, belongs to the cypress family. The area of ​​\u200b\u200bdistribution of this plant is the Pacific coast of North America.

Until 2000, the tallest tree was considered to be a sequoia belonging to the species - Sequoia sempervirens.

This Mendocino tree is 112.2m high and 4.19m in diameter. It is located in the USA, California.

The oldest clone tree on the planet is Tikko.

Old Tikko - 9550 years old spruce. More precisely, this is the age of its root system. This tree is located on Mount Fulufjellet in Sweden. It is the world's oldest single living clone tree. It was discovered by Leif Kullman, a professor of physical geography, who named this tree after his dog. The visible part of the tree is young, but it is part of the old root system. Over thousands of years, a tree can clone itself many times. The old tree dies and a new one grows.

The oldest tree

The oldest single tree is Methuselah.

This spiny intermontane pine was discovered in 1953 by botanist Edmund Shulman. The approximate age of the tree is 4846 years. It was planted in 2831 BC. To date, this tree is considered alive and it grows in the Inyo National Forest in California (USA) at an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level.

The thickest tree is Thule.

This tree grows in Mexico, in the city of Santa Maria del Tule. The height of the tree is 40 m, the diameter of the trunk is 14 m, the circumference is 40, and the weight is 636 tons. If 30 people join hands, they can embrace this tree. On the trunk of this tree you can see the figures of animals: a lion, a crocodile, an elephant. This tree may have inspired the creators of the "Tree of Life" in the Animal Kingdom in Florida.

Mysterious "tree of life".

Animal Kingdom Park in Florida has such a tree of life. The height of this tree is 44 meters. 12 craftsmen worked to create a tree that depicts many animals. The tree itself is artificial. There is a cinema inside it.

The loneliest tree is Tenere.

In the Tenere desert, which is part of the Sahara, located in the northeast of Niger, until 1973, a lone acacia grew, which was 300 years old. Not a single plant grew in the vicinity of it for 200 km. For caravaners, the crown of the tree served as a guide in the desert. To extract water from the ground, the roots of the tree sprouted 36 meters down. Due to the fault of a drunk driver, this tree was broken. In its place now stands a metal monument resembling a tree.

Tree of “Life”

In the Kingdom of Bahrain, a small Arab state, in the desert near the city of Jebel-Dukhan, there grows the same lonely tree as Tener once was, but a living 400-year-old tree - Shajarat-al-Hayat. The tree belongs to the species Prosopis cineraria, whose roots go 50 meters underground.

Oldest oak - chapel

Thanks to the botanist Henri Gadot de Kervil, since 1932 this oak has been considered a historical monument of France. There is a possibility that the tree is over 800 years old. Its height is 15 meters, the circumference is 16 meters. Inside the oak there are two chapels, which are reached by a spiral staircase. Every year this chapel is visited by up to 40 thousand people.

Trees. Fight for life.

Socotra Island, Yemen.

Canada. Port of Renfrew. Small tree on a log.

City of Kalaloh. Washington.

Crimea. On the way to the Foros church.

The tallest tree in Russia is a fir - a coniferous tree belonging to the pine family.

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How old is the oldest tree on earth. The oldest trees in the world

For many trees, several hundred years old is common. Centuries-old giants are found among oaks, pines, ash trees and other species.

For today's Top 10, we have chosen the oldest trees on the planet, whose age exceeds several thousand years. These venerable elders witnessed the change of generations and eras, and today they are surrounded by honor and attention, attracting tourists from all over the world.

This tree is the largest on Earth . The total mass of General Sherman - 1 900 tons, its height is 84 meters, and the girth of the trunk at the base is 31. 3 meters. The age of the long-lived giant exceeds 2,500 years.

9. Fitzroy cypress Alerce (Argentina)

The age of this giant is about 3600 years. Over the centuries, the tree has reached a height of 57.5 meters, and the diameter of its trunk is 2.3 meters. In the wild, trees of this species grow only in South America.

8. Zoroastrian Sarv (Iran)

This evergreen cypress is 4,000 years old. The height of the tree is 25 meters, the circumference of the trunk is 18 meters. The Iranians treat Sarv with great respect and reverence, which has been elevated to the rank of a national monument.

7. Methuselah Pine (USA)

This tree of the spinous pine species grows at an altitude of about 3,000 meters above sea level. The age of Methuselah is 4,800 years. This is the oldest tree on Earth not of coppice origin. In order to protect the tree from vandals, the employees of the national park in which it grows show Methuselah only to serious scientists.

6. Pine Prometheus (USA)

Unfortunately, only a stump remains of this 5 thousand year old pine tree. The tree was cut down before scientists could estimate its age. However, researchers are hopeful. That Prometheus will begin to give new shoots in the very near future.

5. Huon pine (Tasmania)

This coniferous plant from the legocarp family has a root system of 1 hectare and is about 10 thousand years old. The age of individual poroslevins is about 3 thousand years.

4. Old Tjikko spruce (Sweden)

According to the radiocarbon analysis of the tissues of the root system, the age of this spruce is 9,550 years. However, the growth that emerged from the ancient root system only celebrated its 500th anniversary. Older shoots were probably destroyed by a forest fire many centuries ago.

3. Creosote shrub (USA)

This usually bushy plant of the species Larrea tridentata grows to about 3 meters in height. In the center of the Mojave Desert, a Creosote bush with a diameter of more than 20 meters, whose age exceeds 11 thousand years, was discovered.

2. Jurupa Oak (USA)

In California's Dzhurupa Valley, scientists discovered a huge "stump" from which about 70 coppice grows about a meter high. The age of the "stump" is about 13 thousand years. Scientists claim that the Jurup oak witnessed the last ice age in the history of the Earth.

1. Pando poplar colony (USA)

This colony of trees is perhaps the longest living organism on our planet. The age of the root system of these thickets of poplars exceeds 80 thousand years. Although visually Pando resembles a poplar grove of isolated trees, the entire colony is a single plant, the total mass of which exceeds 6,600 tons.

It is no secret that trees live several times longer than humans, and their age often exceeds several hundred years. Few people even think that there are plants that took root in the ground long before the creation of the Egyptian pyramids and survived the rise and fall of more than one human civilization.

Scientists have definitely established that there are about fifty trees on our planet that are more than a thousand years old. If you really look at the situation, there are actually much more such plants, since many of them are located in hard-to-reach areas, and it is really not easy to conduct an examination of all known specimens, taking into account their number.

If you find yourself in the places where the oldest trees on the planet grow during your upcoming summer trip, you can visit them and get a lot of impressions.


1. Methuselah, the oldest single tree on Earth, grows in the "Forest of Ancient Long Lasting Pine" or Inyo National Forest in eastern California. According to rough estimates, its age is more than 4800 years. It is hard to even imagine that it was already growing before the first pyramid appeared in Egypt! Visitors to the Inyo National Forest can see the relic pines that grow in abundance in this forest of ancient pines, but Methuselah's exact location has not been made public for fear of vandalism. Therefore, many tourists have only to guess which pine is the oldest on the planet from hundreds of bizarre pines growing in the forest.


Supposed neighbors of Methuselah


Shulman Grove

2. Prometheus (English Prometheus, also known as WPN-114) - one of the oldest trees in the world, growing in the area near the border of the forest of Mount Wheeler Peak (Nevada, USA). The approximate age of the tree is 4862 years, and it is possible that Prometheus is more than 5000 years old. The tree belonged to the species Pinus longaeva.

In the 1950s, efforts were made to search for ancient trees, as their rings were needed for scientific purposes, establishing climate conditions in past geological epochs. Finally at 19In 64, with the consent of the US Forest Service, the tree was cut down and divided into parts, which were sent to various places for research.


Preserved stump from Prometheus

3. USA, California. Sequoia National Park. Here grows a giant sequoia General Sherman. This is not only the oldest sequoia on Earth, but also the tallest of its brethren. Its height is 84 meters, and the girth at the base is 31 meters. The approximate age of this giant is 2300-2700 years. Next to this giant living creature, a person seems so small and fragile! Not without reason sequoia General Sherman attracts many tourists. They describe this tree as "a huge red-orange stone, the tops of which cannot be seen." Surprisingly, this tree is still growing, adding about 1.5 centimeters in girth each year. You could build 40 houses from sequoia wood, and if you put it next to a passenger train, it would be much longer!


General Sherman

4. Skhtorashen plane tree (plane tree), growing in Nagorno-Karabakh, is approximately 2000 years old. The height of this giant is 54 meters, and the circumference of the trunk is about 27 meters. At the base of the tree there is a huge hollow with an area of ​​about 44 square meters, which can easily accommodate several dozen people! The size of the leaves of the plane tree reaches half a meter. The local population reveres this tree as a shrine, because, according to legend, the most prominent people of these places sat in the shade of the plane tree.


Skhtorashen plane tree (plane tree), growing in Nagorno-Karabakh

5. In Sant'Alfio, on the slopes of Mount Etna in Sicily (Italy), grows the world's oldest chestnut, known as the "Tree of a Hundred Horses". According to legend, under the crown of this chestnut, the Queen of Aragon and a hundred knights accompanying her took refuge from the rain. This tree is the most voluminous on Earth, because the girth of its trunk is about 58 meters. The age of the chestnut tree is not exactly known, scientists offer different figures - from 2000 to 4000 years. In general, it is amazing how this relic tree could have survived just 8 km from the mouth of the active volcano Etna.


Tree of a hundred horses

6. Sarv-e Abar-Kuh, or "Zoroastrian Sarv". This tree grows in Iran, in the province of Yazd. This majestic cypress is perhaps the oldest living creature in Asia, its age is 4-4.5 thousand years. Around the same time, the wheel was invented by Asian artisans. It's amazing how much time has passed since human civilization has advanced, and tired travelers can still rest in the shade of this tree! The height of the tree is 25 meters, 18 meters in girth.


Zoroastrian Sarv

7. A yew from the village of Hyangernyf in north Wales is located on the grounds of a small church. The approximate age of the tree is 4000 years. Despite its old age, the tree still continues to grow. In 2002, in honor of the jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II, the yew was listed as one of the 50 Great Trees of Great Britain.


Yew from the village of Hyangernyf in North Wales

8. The oldest spruce grows on Fulufjallet in Sweden. She also has a name, they call Tikko spruce. This spruce, even hard to imagine, is more than 9500 years. The age of spruce was established by radiocarbon analysis of the root system. Moreover, the current Tikko trunk is not very remarkable, it is only a few hundred years old and the tree is no more than 5 meters high. Apparently, the old tree died, but the surviving roots gave rise to new shoots. Therefore, this spruce is a real clone tree. It did not grow from a seed, but from an ancient rhizome. The roots of this ancient spruce remember those times about which we know very little.


The oldest spruce on Fulufjallet in Sweden. She also has a name, they call Tikko spruce.

The silent creations of nature have been proudly rising above the earth for tens of centuries, while one generation is replaced by another. Some of these natural wonders have been stretching their branches for over 5,000 years, delighting us with their beauty and grandeur. They grow in different parts of the world, allowing people to admire themselves and touch their old trunks with warm wood. Want to know about of the most ancient trees on Earth ?

Tule tree

A Tule tree (Taxodium mexicanus) grows near a church in Santa Maria del Tule, Oaxaca, Mexico. The name of the tree "ahuehuete" is translated from the Indian language Nahuatl as "old man from the water". According to an ancient legend, it was planted by a priest of the wind god about 1400 years ago. However, the exact age of the tree is unknown. In different sources, it varies from 1433 to 1600 years. Although if you believe one hypothesis, then in fact the Thule tree is 6000 years old!


The tree of life (informal name for the tree) has the largest trunk diameter in the world 14 meters! It takes at least 30 people to wrap around it. The height of the tree is about 40 meters, and up to 500 people can cool off in its shade. Truly a majestic tree!




Millennial Larch (Spanish: Alerce Milenario)

The Millennium Larch is a famous tree in the Los Alerces National Park, which is located in the province of Chubut, Argentina. The tree is approximately 2620 years old. Also an honorable age. Do you agree? The height of the Millennium Larch is 57. 5 meters. And the diameter is 2.3 meters. - a natural attraction and pride of Argentina.



The very name Alerce is the Spanish version of Fitzroya cupressoides. The genus of these trees is named after the captain of the Beagle, Robert Fitzroy. On this ship, a round-the-world expedition took place in 1831-1836 with the participation of Charles Darwin, the famous scientist. Fitzroy cypress is a long lived evergreen tree and is one of the oldest tree species.



Interestingly, in Chile there is also a famous old Fitzroy cypress called , although it is often called again "Alerce Milenario". Apparently this name is used for all old Fitzroy trees that have lived for more than 1000 years. It is located in the Alerce Costero National Park, between the communes of Corral (province of Valdivia) and La Unión (province of Ranco) in the Los Rios region. This tree is 3643 years old! Taking a picture and touching it is the dream of every tourist and nature lover.



View of Chile's Alerce Costero National Park.

The Senator Tree

Its ancient roots grow in the lands of the state of Florida, USA, namely in the large park of the small town of Longwood. This is a beautiful Ascending Swamp Cypress called "Senator", which is considered to be the tallest and oldest in its own way. How old is he? About 3,500 years old. The answer to the second question that interests you. Why Senator? The tree is named after Senator Moses Overstreet, who at 1927 donated a tree and part of the land of Seminole County to create a park.



The history of the tree is amazing. This giant survived several hurricanes, including the hurricane of 1925, after which the tree became shorter by 14 meters. The top of the tree broke off, and the tree became 36 meters high, instead of 50. But the incident on January 16, 2012 broke it completely. In the truest sense of the word. There was a fire, the causes of which have not been fully identified, the tree burned from the inside, and after a while it simply collapsed. Only 9 left0033 "Senator's stump" is approximately 6.5 meters high.


It is also interesting that not far from the "Senator", at a distance of 12 meters, another old cypress grows "Lady Liberty" (English Lady Liberty). This tree was considered a satellite of the "Senator". After the fire, "Lady" was left alone.

Lady Liberty.




Berry yew

2 representatives of this species are fighting for the right to be the oldest berry yew in Europe, and maybe on the planet.

Applicant #1. Fortingall Yew . It is located in the courtyard of the church, in the village of Fortingal, Scotland. The age of the tree is not precisely determined, because its trunk “stratified” into several separate ones, and the core rotted. According to various studies, the age of the Fortingell yew varies from 2000 to 5000 years. Local legend says that the future Roman ruler Pontius Pilate was born in the shade of this tree and spent his childhood there.







Bidder #2. Tees Llangerny . It grows in the graveyard of St. Degain's Church in the village of Llangerny, Wales, UK. This tree also lacks a pith, again making age determination difficult. According to experts, the Llangerni yew is also approximately 1500-5000 years old. The study of botanist David James Bellamy is perhaps the most significant, since a certificate signed by him proudly hangs near the tree, that the tree is from 4000 to 5000 years old.





Methuselah tree

The tree "Methuselah" is a Pine spiny intermountain, magnificent and beautiful. She is able to charm even from afar. Her age is 4847 years. It is in excellent shape and grows somewhere in the Shulman Grove, in the White Mountains of Inyo County, California, USA. The grove is named after research scientist Edmund Shulman. , who found "Methuselah" and began to deeply study the intermountain pines in the forests of the White Mountains.



Edmund Shulman at work.


Edmund Shulman on the left.


Tree samples for study.



This small intermontane spiny pine (lat. Pinus longaeva) is about 50 years old.

If you would like to see the tree, we would like to inform you that the appearance and location of the tree is kept secret to prevent vandalism. The fact is that bad memories are still alive 1964 years old when the US Forest Service gave permission to a young graduate student to cut down a Prometheus pine tree for research. Prior to this incident, it was "Prometheus" was the oldest tree. This horrific experience led to a movement to protect the bristlecone pines on Wheeler Peak. Thus, without disclosing where "Methuselah" grows , the authorities protect the tree. In order to confirm that it is still alive, new photos of it appear on the Internet from time to time. But is it his? ..






Prometheus pine stump.

Oldest living tree

The oldest living single tree also belongs to the species Pinus pine . His age is 5064 years! The archaic tree also grows in the White Mountains of Inyo County, California, USA. Dendrochronologist Thomas Harlan, who determined its age, kept the location of the tree secret. After his death in 2013, someone else apparently became the keeper of the secret.




Inyo National Park in the White Mountains of Inyo County, California, USA.


Scientist Thomas Harlan.

The value of a tree is increased by the fact that it is not a clone tree, that is, it does not belong to a clonal colony (a set of trees that are united by a common root system). Yes, this phenomenon happens not only in mushrooms. For example, the most famous clonal colony is Pando . It is considered a single living organism, because it has one huge root system. Although outwardly it looks like an ordinary grove of poplars. The root system of Pando weighs 6,000 tons. And the age of the whole organism is 80,000 years! Awesome! But that's a completely different story...

Pando.





Trees are long-livers of our planet, as there are specimens that are already several thousand years old. But it is impossible to calculate exactly how many of the oldest trees on Earth, since most of them grow far from civilization, where there has not yet been a person.

In this article we will talk about the famous oldest trees in the world.

Old Tjikko Spruce

New shoots of this spruce, 5 meters high, have grown recently due to global warming on Mount Fulu in Sweden, have roots over 9 years old.500 years. In order to determine this, a special analysis of the root system was carried out.

Methuselah Pine

Grows in the Inyo National Wildlife Refuge in southern California. This pine is the most famous of the oldest trees on planet Earth, but how old it is exactly is unknown. Some scientists call the number 4776, others say that it is already 4846 years.

Once Methuselah almost died because of his fame, and therefore the park workers began to hide him from tourists.

Sarv-e-Abarhuk cypress

This cypress, 25 meters high and 11 meters in girth, grown in the Iranian city of Abarhouk in the province of Yazd, is considered the oldest tree in Asia. Its approximate age is 4000 - 4500 years.

Llangernyu Yew

Yew, grown in the courtyard of a small church in northern Wales (UK), about 4000 years ago is the oldest tree in Europe. Due to the fact that new shoots are constantly growing, braiding its trunk, it lives for so many years.

Patagonian cypress or Fitzroy cypress

This is the second oldest tree on Earth, whose age has been accurately determined by counting stem rings. Scientists are sure that this tree is already 3626 years old. Cypress grows in southern Chile, in the Alerque National Park.

Cypress "Senator"

One of the oldest and tallest (38 m) inhabitants of the Ancient Tree Park in Florida. It is believed that its age is about 3500 years.

Cryptomeria "Jemon Sugi"

This is Japan's largest and oldest tree, 25 meters high and 16 meters in girth. It grows on the slope of the highest mountain of Yakushima Island. After doing the necessary research, scientists determined that its age is not less than 2000 years, maybe even 7000 years.

General Sherman Sequoia

Tallest tree in the USA. Its height is more than 83 meters, and its age is 2300 - 2700 years. You can find General Sherman in California's Sequoia National Park.

Unfortunately, there are no such thousand-year-old trees on the territory of Russia and Ukraine.

The oldest tree in Russia is the "Grunwald Oak", growing in the city of Ladushka, Kaliningrad region. It is believed that he was the totem of the pagans who lived in this territory before.

And the oldest tree in Ukraine is the patriarch oak, 1300 years old. It is located in the tract "Yusefinskaya Dacha" of the Rivne region. Due to the fact that lightning often hit it, the tree is in poor condition, so a protected area was made around it.

In addition to the oldest ones, .

Trees are some of the oldest creatures in the world. Many of them are hundreds or even thousands of years old. This is explained by the fact that they are not subject to mutations and are able to easily exist even if some part of them has died.

Tees Llangerny

Located in Britain in one of the villages of Wales called Llangerny. It was planted in the Bronze Age. Now adorns the church cemetery. The approximate age is from three to four thousand years, and the thickness of the trunk is 11 meters. The tree has many shoots, which helps it to be well preserved. There is a legend that says that an evil spirit lives next to him.

Every year during Halloween, a voice announces the names of the inhabitants who will die next year. Perhaps, if not for this famous yew, no one would have known about the small village, and so it got into many guidebooks. Also included in the list of the 50 greatest trees in the UK.

General Sherman

An old tree with an unusual name grows in the California National Park. This is a giant sequoia, which is the heaviest living organism on Earth. The age of General Sherman is believed to be between 2,000 and 3,000 years old.

The attraction attracts a huge number of tourists from all over the world. Next to her, any person seems very small and fragile, which can be clearly seen in the photographs. The circumference of the trunk near the ground is about 30 meters. Americans love statistics, and they put up a sign next to it, which indicates that about forty houses can be built from a trunk.

Sequoia has a thick, fire-resistant bark, which explains its longevity.

Its homeland is southern Chile, where it is considered a national treasure. It has a high regenerative capacity. Approximate age - 3500 years. This fact is established by elementary recalculation of annual rings. At 19In the 20th century, a large number of trees were cut down in Patagonia. If this had not happened, perhaps even more ancient specimens would have been preserved.

Cryptomeria

A coniferous tree located on the Japanese island of Yakushima. It looks like a gigantic bansai. It grows on the highest mountain surrounded by a mysterious and foggy forest. This is a rather abandoned place where curious tourists rarely get. Scientists have long been debating about the age of cryptomeria. Some claim that it is 7000 years old, others believe that it is no more than 2500.

A colony of aspen poplars dating back 80,000 years. Place of growth - USA, Utah. For the first time, a natural wonder was found by University of Michigan scientist Burton Barnes in 1970. The name Pando is Latin for "I spread". In another way, the colony is also called the "Trembling Giant". The area of ​​the grove is 42 hectares, and the approximate weight is over 6 thousand tons. In fact, these are thousands of identical trees with a common root system.

Good location protects well from forest fires. However, environmentalists say that Pando is currently producing far fewer new shoots than before. They attribute this to the fact that the number of elk and deer has increased.

The famous cypress is rightfully the national treasure of Iran. It grows in the village of Abarku, which is located in the central part of Persia. The height of the cypress is ─25 meters. Approximate age - from four to five thousand years.

Old Tikko

Norwegian spruce, which is 9.5 thousand years old. This was established through carbon analysis of the root system. So he was named by the discoverer Professor Leif Kullman in honor of his late husky dog. It is located in Sweden, in Fulfellet.

Senator

This majestic cypress is native to Florida, USA. It reaches a height of 38 meters, which allows it to rise above neighboring trees and attract the attention of tourists. Approximate age is 3.5 thousand years.

Grunwald Oak

One of the most ancient trees in Russia. The giant is located in the Kaliningrad region, in the town of Ladushkin. He is over eight hundred years old. Previously, there were many similar oaks in this region, but only one has survived to this day.

Ifaty teapot

Amazing baobab growing in Madagascar, 1200 years old. The name was given to him because of the bizarre shape resembling a teapot.

His homeland is Nagorno-Karabakh, or rather, the lowland of the village of Skhtorashen. The giant reaches a height of 54 meters. The size of the sheet plates is 1.5 meters. At the base there is a hollow with an area of ​​more than forty square meters. Hundreds of people can easily fit in here. The local population considers the tree to be sacred. There is an ancient belief that if you touch it with your hand, then only a week will remain to live. Many outstanding people of our past rested under the crown of the plane tree.

This large chestnut grows on the island of Sicily near the famous volcano Etna, just eight kilometers from the crater. It is one of the oldest chestnut trees on the planet and a unique attraction. There is an interesting legend, according to which the queen of Aragon and a hundred mounted knights who accompanied her on the way hid from a thunderstorm under it.

The story goes that under the canopy there was enough room for everyone. Hence the unusual and romantic name. In the 18th century, lightning struck the chestnut tree and split the trunk. Then it became known that its circumference is 58 meters.

It is amazing that the chestnut has existed for so many years near an active volcano. Scientists wonder how it managed to survive eruptions in the past.

Methuselah

The relic organism was discovered by botanist Edmund Shulman. The name was given in honor of an old biblical character. The exact location of the mighty free-standing pine tree is unknown. This was done on purpose to protect it from the actions of vandals. It is also impossible to find any photographs of this plant. A rare copy hides in California's Inyo National Park among the same pines on one of the slopes of White Mountain. Tourists can only guess which of the trees is the oldest on the planet. Approximate estimates indicate that Methuselah is about 4800 years old.

It belongs to the species Taxodium mexico and grows near the town of Ojaco in Mexico. The trunk diameter is 11.5 meters. Age-2 thousand years.

Visiting the places where the oldest trees on the planet grow, you can get a lot of unforgettable impressions. If there is such an opportunity, then you should definitely go there.

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