How quick do olive trees grow
How to Grow and Care for Olive Trees Indoors
If booking your dream Mediterranean vacation isn't in the cards, you can invite that charming seaside look into your home with an indoor olive tree. In the right environment, these attractive plants with long, thin branches and green leaves can be extremely easy to care for—just think of the dry regions they naturally call home if you want a few ideas. However, at the end of the day, olive trees aren't really intended as indoor plants. These fruit-bearing trees need to be pollinated like any other, and they prefer direct sunlight. They are also very slow-growing trees. That said, olive trees are hardy plants that can prosper indoors for several years when cared for properly.Williams Sonoma
If you're living in an apartment that receives no natural light for plants, an olive tree probably isn't the best choice for you. However, if you can place your plant near an open window, letting it get a bit of air, you have the potential to promote healthy growth. Olive trees don't survive indoors as long as they do in the wild—averaging between 500 and 1500 years old—but you can still expect to keep yours happy for about nine years inside.
For the first year with your indoor olive tree, water the plant weekly or every time the top 2 inches of soil feel dry. After the tree is fully integrated and established in its pot, feel free to water only once a month. However, make sure to water it thoroughly: It's a good idea to drench the soil with a hose, then let all the excess water run out of the bottom of the pot's drainage holes. Take the plant outside to drain during warmer months, or use the bathroom tub for drainage when seasonal temperatures are below 65 degrees.
Since olive trees aren't used to regular water, giving yours a good drink will help rehydrate it. A thorough watering also lets the plant get rid of built-up salts and chemicals from the water and soil. Feed your olive tree every other month during the growing season with a fertilizer that includes nitrogen.
Indoor olive trees can be a little finicky: They need sunlight, but not too much. The most important thing to note before bringing home your olive tree is that it needs sunlight, fresh air, and consistent waterings. Note that if you see yellow leaves, you're likely overwatering. Because olive trees are drought-resistant, it's hard to underwater them, but pay attention if you notice wilting leaves or a sparse canopy. This plant will be happiest next to a south-facing window that you don't mind leaving open for a few hours a day during appropriate seasons of the year.
If you want to go above and beyond, take your plant outside every few months and wash it down completely, including the undersides of the leaves where pests can accumulate. Since your olive tree needs fresh air, it's especially helpful to plan your waterings around bringing it outside for a bath. You can also move this plant outside for the summer to help it thrive before bringing it indoors during the colder months. Your olive tree will grow best in temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees.
Because olive trees have been cultivated for thousands of years, you'll find quite a variety of them. The two overarching types are fruit-bearing trees and fruitless varieties (also called sterile trees).
Common varieties of the olive tree include Arbequina, which is native to Spain's Catalonia region and is best for small spaces because it matures to only a few feet high. Mission, which was originally grown in Spain has made its way to California since the 1700s. Also popular are the Manzanilla—an attractive variety with billowing branches full of bright green, perfectly oval olives—and the Greek Amfissa, which produces delicious purple olives. However, the latter isn't the best pick for a houseplant because it grows quite quickly.
Propagating an olive tree is an easy job because the plant cuttings require very little effort aside from weekly waterings. It's also a fun project to do if you're new to the gardening game. Luckily, there's not much to it—all you need is a mature vine with a tiny root node protruding from it. Here's how to propagate your plant:
Step 1: Start the process by preparing the container to plant your new olive tree in. Fill an 8-inch nursery container with fine-textured soil. Using fine soil is key because it'll be soft enough to protect the cutting's delicate roots.
Step 2: Using sharp gardening shears, snip off a healthy 8-inch branch from a mature olive tree. Cut it about an inch or so below a leaf node, then remove all leaves from the branch.
Step 3: Poke a hole in the soil and insert the cutting (cut side down) into the pot. Next, gently pack the soil around and above the stem with your hands.
Step 4: Mist or lightly water the plant every day unless the soil is still moist from previous waterings. Keeping the soil consistently moist is the best way to ensure successful propagation.
Step 5: After a few months, the branch should have quite a few well-established roots. Once the roots are long and strong enough (or when the current nursery pot starts looking too small), transfer the cutting into a gallon-sized pot with the same type of soil. Water your plant once a week for the first year or so, then care for it as usual.
How to Set Up a Propagation Station and Easily Grow New Plants
Most indoor olive trees are fairly easy to care for with little growing problems, but there are a few common issues you may experience including pests, diseases, yellowed leaves, and browning leaves.
Pests and Diseases
The most common threats to olive trees are pests and disease—particularly scale—which are tiny, hard-shelled insects. There are many types of scale, and they all love olive trees. Unfortunately, they can cause significant damage to your tree because their mouths are quite sharp. When they latch onto the leaves and stem of your tree, they usually end up piercing them, which inhibits the tree's growth. Treat scale on olive trees by thoroughly soaking the plant, gently wiping it down, then applying neem oil to its leaves and stems or spraying the tree with insecticidal soap.
Another insect that can cause a lot of harm to your tree is the spittlebug. On its own, it doesn't do much, but most spittlebugs carry a dangerous bacterial pathogen, Xylella fastidiosa. Once your plant is infected with it, it won't live much longer. In fact, in parts of Italy and Spain, the pathogen has wiped out entire groves of ancient olive trees. Some insecticides can be effective at removing spittlebugs, but if the bugs have already caused a considerable infestation, the tree may not survive.
Yellowed or dropping leaves indicate that your olive tree is overwatered. If you notice these signs appearing on your tree, cut back on waterings and allow the plant to receive plenty of fresh air and direct sun.
The leaves of an underwatered olive tree will turn brown as they become dry and curl on the ends. Give the plant a thorough soaking if you notice its leaves starting to dry out, and check the soil regularly to ensure the top two inches feel moist.
Transplant your olive tree into a new pot every few years during the spring growing season once new growth has begun. Choose a pot that has enough extra space for its roots to spread, but not necessarily one that's excessively large. Ensure the pot has plenty of drainage holes for thorough waterings on a regular schedule.
Use a well-draining potting soil to prevent root rot. Once the tree is planted in its new container, give it plenty of water and apply fertilizer. Keep the plant in an area with bright, direct sunlight indoors. If you're moving your olive tree outside for the season, choose a shady spot for the first few days to allow the plant to acclimate gradually to full sun.
Are Olive Trees Easy to Care For?
Olive trees grown indoors are generally regarded as easy-growing houseplants. Since these trees are happiest outside, the most important factors to ensure your indoor olive tree stays healthy are direct sunlight, fresh air, and a consistent watering schedule.
Do Olive Trees Need Full Sun?
Direct sunlight is essential to the olive tree's growth. Place your indoor olive tree near a south-facing window. During the warmer months, open the window for a few hours a day to allow the tree to reach fresh air.
Are Olive Trees Toxic to Pets?
Olive trees are non-toxic to both humans and pets, so this species is a great option to grow in households with children, cats, dogs, and other animals.
How Fast Do Olive Trees Grow Indoors?
Olive trees are slow-growing plants that typically add about 2 to 4 inches of height per year. Indoor olive trees are even slower to grow than those planted in the ground, and they typically only require repotting in a larger container every few years.
PSA: These Are the 15 Best Indoor Trees to Add to Your Home
How Fast Does Olive Tree Grow? Olive Tree Growth Rate
This post may contain affiliate links to help the reader find relevant products. We get commissions for purchases made through links.
If you are planning to grow an olive tree, you may be curious about what is the olive tree growth rate to be sure where to place it. Generally speaking, olive trees grow to full maturity quite slowly, at most 2 – 4 inches (5 – 10 cm) of new growth a year. As well, olive trees planted in the ground grows faster than olive trees in pots.
To be more precise, for the first year, you won’t see much growth at all, since the olive tree will be adjusting to the shock of transplanting. Expect to see the best growth in the second to the third year. Afterward, the olive tree will reach a steady yearly growth up until maturity.
Table Of Contents
- Olive Tree Growth Rate by Inches / Centimeters
- Experiment About Olive Tree Growth Rate Including Results
- Olive Tree Growth Rate Factors
- Olive Tree Variety
- Location / Climate Zone
- Olive Tree Placement
- Regular Care and Maintenance
- Restricted Roots
- Tips on How to Make Your Olive Tree Grow Fast
- Grab Essentials for Your Olive Tree
- Conclusion on Olive Tree Growth Rate
Olive Tree Growth Rate by Inches / Centimeters
The below table shows the common olive tree growth rates (Olea europaea) whether you plant it in a pot or in the ground. The mature Olea europaea olive tree can reach up to 20 -30 ft (6 – 9 m) height at age 12 – 15 years.
|Olive Tree Age||Growth Rate per Year||Description|
|1st year||1 – 2 inches (2.5 – 5 cm)||Slow Growth due to the shock of transplanting|
|2nd & 3rd year||2 – 6 inches (5 – 15 cm)||Best Growth of an olive tree in the proportion of its size; can grow the double size on 2nd year|
|4th year onwards||2 – 12 inches (5 – 30 cm)||Steady Growth until olive tree mature (up to 12 – 15 years)|
|5th – 7th year||2 – 12 inches (5 – 30 cm)||First Fruit Growth|
This table gives a core structure of olive tree growth, not keeping in mind water shoots or suckers coming out super fast from branches or pruning cuts.My potted olive tree grows very slow first year, it grew up to 0.5 inch (1.2 cm) in first half year but has many new buds growing out
Experiment About Olive Tree Growth Rate Including Results
More than 5 years ago my cousin and I did the experiment on growing 2 wild olive trees and testing their growth rates.
First, we planted 2 wild olive trees (Olea europaea var. sylvestris) in spring: they both were approx. 1.5 feet (45 cm) tall with roots grown from cuttings. One wild olive tree was planted next to the house with some shadow during the day, another one was planted 65 feet (20 meters) away next to a will.
Then, after 1 year we compared the growth results of these olive trees. Sadly I don’t have pictures of this experiment have taken 5 years back, but here I can provide a table with metrics and our findings:
|Wild Olive Trees||Size When Planted||Size After 1 Year||Appearance Description|
|Olive Tree #1 Planted Next to the House||1. 5 feet (45 cm)||5.5 feet (1.8 m) tall||More wild and messy; branches grew all over the place like seeking a sun.|
|Olive Tree #2 Planted Away from a House Next to a Will||1.5 feet (45 cm)||2 feet (60 cm) tall||More compact and bushy; had a fuller thicker branch and leaf structure. More healthy appearance|
To summarize this experiment, we went to the conclusion, that those 2 wild olive trees had totally different growing experiences and conditions that resulted in different growth rates. Olive tree #1 had less sun and was spreading its branches to reach most of the sun it could. While olive tree #2 was growing close to water resources and had full-day sunlight, as a result, it grew a compact structure and thick branches and stem.
For a healthy steady growth olive trees need a full day of sunlight and accessible water resources.
Also, for more information on why some olive trees struggle to grow and what are the reasons, don’t forget to check out my recent article Olive Tree Not Growing or Producing Leaves.
Olive Tree Growth Rate Factors
Most important to note that many factors affect an olive tree growth rate. Here are listed the main factors to consider:
Olive Tree Variety
Different olive tree varieties will grow in different sizes. Some olive trees can reach up to 52 feet (16m) in height, others will be smaller size draft olive trees in pots. Our Kalamata olive trees grow up to 20 feet (6m) since we manage their height by pruning annually to simplify olive collection process.
For example one of the most popular olive tree varieties for olive oil is the Koroneiki tree that average height is 15 -20 feet (4.5 – 6 m).
Location / Climate Zone
The location of an olive tree determines the climate that the tree grows in. In general, olive trees grow best and faster in the warm, full of sun Mediterranean climate or subtropical zones. In contrast, olive trees in northern latitudes usually grow a lot more slowly.
Olive Tree Placement
The placement of the olive tree can also be considered in a site-specific context. An olive tree that is growing in the shade may grow more slowly than an olive tree that is thriving in open sunlight a few meters away. An olive tree growing at the top of a hill may grow faster or more slowly than a similar tree of the same species at the bottom of the hill.
The best soil for olive trees to grow olive is well draining, full with minerals.
Regular Care and Maintenance
Regular watering, fertilizing and pruning should be assured for a steady olive tree growth. Check out our guide on how to care for olive trees.
If you keep an olive tree in a pot, it may slow down growth if roots are heavily bounded and don’t have space to “breath”. As to avoid it, repot your tree once in a couple of years by following this guide when is the best time to report olive trees.
As well, find out what other problems with olive trees may affect your olive tree growth.This is a Koroneiki variety olive tree I grow in a pot, every year I am planning to prune and shape it the height I prefer
Tips on How to Make Your Olive Tree Grow Fast
– Ensure lots of sun and well-draining soil for the best olive tree growth rate. If possible, create the Mediterranean climate zone at your home.
– Do not feed the olive tree for the first year, and when you do, use a slow-release, low analysis nitrogenous fertilizer.
– Light pruning after the first year is recommended to correct structural problems and shape your olive tree the way you want.
– To improve a fruit yield for a better harvest, you can speed the growth somewhat by carefully pruning the tree during its first five years, to create a strong, straight central trunk.
– People who are more interested in the ornamental value of the olive tree may prefer to make a bonsai olive tree or let the tree grow naturally.
Looking for a Personalized Gift?
Adopt an Olive Tree in Greece –
Receive Premium Olive Oil from Kalamata!
ADOPT AN OLIVE TREE >>
Grab Essentials for Your Olive Tree
We have selected highly customers recommended available products on Amazon:
- Sonkir Soil Moisture Meter 3-in-1
- Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix
- TreeHelp Premium Fertilizer for Olive
SONKIR Soil pH Meter, MS02 3-in-1 Soil. ..
Miracle-Gro Indoor Potting Mix, 16 qt.
TreeHelp Premium Fertilizer for Olive
Last update on 2022-09-27 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
Conclusion on Olive Tree Growth Rate
Sunshine, quick-draining soil, airflow, infrequent deep watering, and seasonal feeding are the keys to the faster olive tree growth rate and extended olive tree lifespan. In case you live up North, bring your olive tree indoors to enjoy some warmth during cold seasons to ensure stable growth.
One more thing, the growth speed and final height of the olive tree will depend on the rootstock upon which the top of the olive tree is grafted. So if you really want to learn the specifics of your olive tree, refer back to the nursery where you bought the plant and see what they tell you.
Check out 20 tips on how to grow olive trees in pots indoors!Read Next
HOW DO OLIVES GROW?Learn More
- How to Prune Olive Trees in Pots
- Best Fertilizer for Olive Trees
- Best Time to Repot Olive Trees
Join our Facebook community: Olive Tree Growers and Enthusiasts
Are You Looking to Buy an Olive Tree?
If you are looking to add more potted trees or other plants to your orchard, or if you like to replace a neglected olive tree, the best places to get them are your local nursery or an online nursery.
One of the most reliable and the world's largest online nurseries is Fast Growing Trees. They deliver fast, neat, and healthy plants backed with a 30-day guarantee.
Olive tree at home, cultivation
Olive tree, olive family, grows in countries with a warm subtropical climate, in Russia it is cultivated in the southern regions: in the Crimea and the Krasnodar Territory. The middle zone of our country is not suitable for growing olive crops, but you can grow an olive tree in a greenhouse or at home with a minimum of effort.
Table varieties of olives, with proper care, will delight you with fruits for a long time, because olive trees are long-livers of the plant world. An example is the Gardens of Gethsemane, with olive trees over one and a half thousand years old.
Greece is called the birthplace of olive culture, there is a legend that the Greek goddess Athena sent an olive branch as a gift to the fertile land, which gave rise to the first olive gardens.
Contents of the article:
- Types and varieties of olive trees
- Olive tree at home. Growing from seeds, seedlings and cuttings
- Olive trees in Russia, cultivation history
- Olive fruit benefits
Species and varieties of olive trees
The olive tree has more than 30 types of cultivation. The most common species is the European olive, as well as golden-leaved and Cape.
Varieties of the olive tree can be divided into several groups:
Oilseed - a varietal group of olives grown for the production of olive oil.
Combined (universal olive variety) - designed for both oil production and preservation.
Table varietal group - intended for conservation and consumption.
Name of olive varieties, often similar to where the crop was grown. Wild varieties of olives are unknown, the explanation can be that people have long, in order to increase the yield, grafted branches of a cultivated olive to a wild variety, thereby completely destroying the primitive species. A species is an evolutionarily established set of individuals, characterized by a single ... olive trees. Today, a European high-yielding variety of olives is grown on an industrial scale.
Major producers of olives include Spain, Greece, Italy, Tunisia, Syria, Morocco. All cultivars differ in their characteristic features (composition of olives, size, color), destination group, the quality of the final product directly depends on the variety of olive raw materials.
Table olive varieties include Spanish, Ascolana, Cerignola, Zinzala, Lucca, Sabina. And oilseed varieties include: Frantogno, Tajasca, Caione, Biancolilla.
For indoor olive growing, choose European table varieties. The most suitable are recognized: Della Madonna, Urtinsky, Nikitinsky, Crimean, Razzo. To the question: “How long does an olive tree live?”, We can safely say that it is more than a hundred years old.
Potted varieties of olive trees have been obtained through the painstaking work of breeders, allowing you to grow an indoor olive tree in a pot. Such trees differ from their relatives only in size. These are evergreen, undersized trees with a lush, dark green crown. The harvest of olives, of course, will not please you, since the variety has a decorative function, but you can still collect 10-15 homemade olives from a tree.
Olive tree at home. Growing from seeds, seedlings and cuttings
Growing an olive tree indoors is quite a painstaking job. It's all about the temperature regime, if it is not observed, the tree will not bear fruit. In order for the buds to appear, the indoor tree, like its soil counterparts, must fall into a winter sleep, so the olive must be exposed to low temperatures, but hypothermia of the culture must be excluded. The optimal temperature for sleeping will be from +1 to +5 degrees.
The flowering of the olive tree is accompanied by the appearance of large white inflorescences, the first flowers appear from April, May. Ripening of indoor fruits after flowering occurs after four months.
A good yield of an olive tree is considered to be about 30 kg., but a houseplant is considered fruitful if it gives about 600 gr. olives.
The indoor olive tree remains evergreen throughout its life, however, like its large relatives, it can shed its leaves, this is considered the norm and does not require resuscitation.
Growing an olive tree from seed is not an easy process, requiring patience and attention. First you need to purchase olive seeds (pits), canned foods will not work, olives for planting can be fresh or dried.
So, having obtained and cleaned the olives, it is necessary to soak the resulting bones in a weak solution of alkali for a day, then rinse them with water and dry with a paper towel. Before planting, file the olive seed coat to facilitate germination. It is better to plant in a pot, it is easier to control seed germination, humidity and temperature.
Sawed seeds are placed in a pot with soil to a depth of 3 cm, do not allow the seed to dry out and be excessively moistened. The first shoots will appear within six months.
Olive trees do not tolerate low temperatures, so seed propagation is carried out in a warm room or in summer.
To speed up the process of growing an olive tree from the pit, germinate the seeds before planting in the ground by placing them in a shallow container of compost, standing on a sunny windowsill and moistening daily.
When the seeds germinate, you can start planting in the soil. It is necessary to mix black soil and sand in equal proportions, add peat, dry crushed lime and plant seeds in the resulting mixture. Before planting, do not forget about the presence of drainage (the olive does not tolerate stagnant water) and hardening of a young plant by alternating temperatures.
When the olive seedling is strong and mature, it can be planted in the ground, along with the contents of the pot, so as not to damage the root system. The olive tree is planted in the spring in well-warmed and moistened soil, in a calm and sunny area. Fruiting should be expected three to four years after planting.
Caring for a young oilseed plant consists of cutting off the lower shoots so that the tree grows upwards and does not turn into a bush, in daily watering and top dressing with fertilizers.
When the olive is propagated by cuttings, the tree inherits all the "mother" qualities, this method of planting simplifies further cultivation and speeds up the fruiting process of the young plant.
Cuttings should be carried out from older shoots, the cut points are treated with succinic acid or other rooting agent before planting. Planting material is planted in a wet sod-sand mixture to a depth of 15 cm.
Constant watering, warm soil and good lighting can help the cuttings take root. Plantings should be watered daily, preferably with settled water. Rooting of the plant will occur no earlier than four months later. If the olive stalk does not take root for a long time, but retains its fresh appearance. The species is an evolutionarily established set of individuals, characterized by a single ..., then some more time is needed, but if the stalk is withered and turned brown, then death has come. When the stalk takes root, the olive can be transplanted into the ground.
Landing on a permanent place of growth should be done at the end of August. The seedling is carefully removed from the previously moistened substrate, and placed in a new prepared place. It is necessary to plant the stalk carefully, without damaging the roots and not overloading it with soil, until the plant takes root in a new place.
Many novice gardeners ask themselves: "How to care for an olive tree"? The olive tree is not capricious, but the “southerner” still requires attention. Watering is done daily, but without stagnation of moisture in the soil. When the olive tree begins to grow actively, feed it with mineral fertilizers and nitrogen. The seedling should have enough heat and light, otherwise the olive will shed its leaves and fade.
In winter, the olive plant in the open field should not be left without proper protection. A young tree should be protected from the cold by wrapping the trunk with heat-insulating material, stop watering and top dressing.
Olive tree potted crops need to artificially create winter conditions, and in the process of healing the tree, cutting off dry twigs, you can shape the foliage crown to your liking and learn the art of bonsai on your olive tree. An olive bonsai tree can also be purchased at a specialized supermarket, small-leaved varieties look especially impressive.
Olive trees in Russia, the history of cultivation
Greek colonists began to cultivate the olive in the Caucasus as early as the 8th century. The debate about when and by whom the olive was brought to the Caucasus continues to this day, however, there is an assumption that the first seedlings of the olive tree appeared in our latitudes from Asia Minor, which suggests the origin of the olive in the Caucasus, earlier than in Greece .
The desolation of the ancient Greek colonies led to the fact that the olive gardens ceased to exist until the 15th century, and only with the arrival of the colonizers of Genoa, a new rise in the cultivation of the olive tree and the establishment of the production of olive products began. Subsequently, viticulture displaced the olive from the southern latitudes. Today, the olive is found on the entire Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory.
Olive trees in Russia are also grown in the Crimea, they are found on the peninsula, adding zest to the local southern flavor. For the production of oil on an industrial scale, olives are not grown in our country due to difficult climatic conditions.
Benefits of the fruit of the olive tree
Olives, or olives, are the fruit of the olive tree and look like a small plum. Changing color during ripening, from green to dark purple, olives become a storehouse of vitamins and trace elements. Olives are rich in unsaturated fatty acids and iodine. Olive oil, obtained from olives during the production process, is rich in pectin, iron and oleic acid.
The inclusion of olive oil in the diet will help get rid of cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, gallstone disease, thyroid disease, help strengthen the immune system and cope with constipation. Olive oil perfectly moisturizes the skin and has a regenerating ability in combination with rosehip and sea buckthorn oils.
In cosmetology, olive oil is used to prepare masks and conduct relaxing procedures, olive extracts are added to soaps and shower products. Hand wrapping with olive oil tones the skin, moisturizes, saturates and nourishes, makes nails healthy.
Olive oil hair masks prevent hair loss, get rid of dandruff, brittleness and dullness.
Olive leaves contain oleuropein, an antiseptic and antimicrobial substance, and are in demand in the form of powder and infusions. There is an opinion that olive oil, namely the content of oleuropein in it, helps in the fight against skin cancer.
Table olive oil is produced from the fruits of the olive, which is used to season various dishes. Raw olives are of little use for consumption, because of bitterness, in order to get rid of the bitter taste, the olives are soaked in a special solution or subjected to preservation.
Oil-bearing varieties of olives, due to their varietal affiliation, are processed to obtain oil. With the help of cold pressing, the first batch of oil is obtained, which is considered the most useful. Further, by thermal treatment, the pomace is used to produce second-pressed oil, yellowish and less aromatic than first-class olive oil. From the remaining raw materials after the first and second extraction, the third grade oil is squeezed out, it is not eaten, but used for technical purposes.
The composition of olives of different varieties is different, and depends not only on the type of olive tree, but also on the growing conditions and climate. All olives of a table grade are exposed to conservation or dry salting. They serve as an excellent appetizer or addition to salads, various vegetable dishes. Dry salting of olives consists in pickling olives in wooden containers, salt neutralizes oleuropein and relieves olives of bitterness. After, the olives are soaked in olive oil, stuffed or immediately sent for storage.
The benefits of olive fruit are undeniable, consuming olives in a reasonable amount, not exceeding 5-6 pieces per day, you can strengthen the immune system and improve the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.
How long does an olive tree live?
Image - Wikimedia / David Brühlmeier
The olive tree, scientifically named Olea Europaea , is an evergreen fruit tree native to the Mediterranean region and cultivated in all warm temperate regions of the world. In addition to producing such delicious olives, this species has become more and more beautiful over time.
Scars, cracks and even holes left by some birds and insects make the old trunk of this tree spectacular. We can tell that it has a long lifespan just by looking at it, but... How long does an olive tree live?
- 1 What is your life expectancy?
- 2 What is the oldest olive tree in the world?
- 3 How long does an olive tree grow in a year?
- 3.1 What is the length of the roots of a mature olive tree?
What is your life expectancy?
árboles which are slow growing, such as oak, las sequoia or beech, although they are very different from each other, they have something in common: they can live for over a thousand years In fact, to give us an idea of how long they can be, giant sequoia specimens have been found that are 3200 years old . Much more than any animal. But there are no oak or beech resources in our main tree.
Olive , native tree of the Mediterranean, It grows not because of the cold, but because the annual rainfall is so low and the soil is so poor in nutrients that it simply cannot grow faster. . When grown in a pot or in a fertilized garden, the plant does look noticeably larger year after year, but if left to its own devices, it will take several decades to grow into a wonderful specimen.
Subscribe to our Youtube channel
However, their lifespan is just as staggering: about 3,000 years. . Yes, yes, three thousand years. Incredible age for an evergreen tree.
What is the oldest olive tree in the world?
In Spain we have "La Farga de Arion", a specimen found in the city of Uldecona in Tarragona, which was planted in 314 by order of Emperor Constantine I (306-337 AD), who, hence over 1700 years old. In addition, a 2310-year-old baby is growing on the island of Menorca; And we have another remarkable thing in our country: A 2850-year-old man was found about 20 km north of Lisbon. But... even they are young compared to others in the Iberian Peninsula and the rest of the world.
Leaving Spanish territory and heading to Portugal, we find one known as Mouchao olive tree, which is about 3350 years old according to researcher José Luis Lusada of UTAD (University of Trás os Montes). Its height is 3.2 meters, and the trunk is very thick, with a perimeter of 11 meters.
But we need to go to Palestine to see the oldest olive tree in the world. The city of Bethlehem is said to have been inhabited for 4,000 to 5,000 years.
How much does an olive tree grow in a year?
The olive tree is a tree that grows slowly, but if the climatic and soil conditions are adequate and it receives water every time it needs it, in its youth and especially. During the first two years of life (from seed) it will grow at a good rate, about 40 centimeters per year.
From the third and, most importantly, the fifth year, he will begin to slow down, so it is normal for him to increase his height by about 30 centimeters per season.