How tall are cherry blossom trees
Facts and Planting Tips – BrighterBlooms.com
Blair is the Content Marketing Manager at BrighterBlooms.com, and though she's not your traditional gardener, the planting world is definitely growing on her (pun intended!). She's enjoyed digging into plant care and maintenance and growing her plant collection, especially with exotic indoor varieties.
Cherry Blossom Trees bring billowy pink and white blooms in the spring. These blooms often last no more than two weeks and are also a symbol of renewal and the ephemeral nature of life.
- The most well-known species is the Japanese Cherry Tree or the Sakura.
- These stunning trees, which are not to be confused with Cherry Trees cultivated for fruit, inspire millions of people to flock to Japan each year for flower-viewing festivals. In Japan, the ritual of viewing Cherry Blossoms dates back to the 700s.
- In the United States, Cherry Blossom Trees can grow almost anywhere, living 30 to 40 years.
- Cherry Blossom Trees also offer colorful autumn leaves, handsome bark, and quick growth while requiring little care, making them ideal for home gardens.
In 19th century America, only a few people in the United States—horticulturalists, generally—knew of the Japanese flowering cherry tree. This changed in 1912 when Japan gave 3,020 cherry blossom trees to the United States as a gift. The United States viewed this offer as a warm gesture of friendship and planted the trees in Sakura Park in Manhattan and Potomac Park in Washington, D.C. Each spring brings forth the breathtaking rebirth of the Cherry Blossoms and this international symbol of friendship is celebrated to this day with the annual National Cherry Blossom Festival in Washington. Other cities around the world also celebrate Cherry Blossom season with tree planting ceremonies and other events.Selecting a Cherry Blossom Tree
There are hundreds of species, varieties, and hybrids of flowering cherry trees. Several characteristics, such as the number of petals, color of the blossoms, and cherry blossom leaves, differentiate the trees. Cherry Blossom Trees are typically deciduous and grow in different shapes and sizes. Some bloom early in the spring, while others are late bloomers.
The Okame Cherry Tree is an early bloomer with medium pink petals, while the Kwanzan Cherry Tree opens in late spring with deep pink flowers. The Yoshino Cherry Tree has wide-spreading branches with white blooms that are replaced by glossy green leaves in the summer. Pink and White Weeping Cherry Trees combine an elegant weeping form with a dramatic cascade of flowers on branches that spill downwards. You should select a cherry blossom tree based on the qualities most important to you and the parameters of your garden. If space is limited, consider a Dwarf Cherry Blossom Tree.Where Should You Plant Your Cherry Blossom Tree?
Cherry Blossom Trees need lots of sunlight and soil that is rich and fertile, check the growing zone recommended for your species of Flowering Cherry. Experts suggest choosing a spot in the garden or yard that provides at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day. The soil beneath your flowering tree should also have good drainage for proper growth. Flowering Cherry Trees can grow anywhere from 15 to 30 feet high with a canopy just as wide, so choose a location that can support the tree's mature size.9 Tips For Planting Your Cherry Blossom Tree
- Plant your Cherry Blossom tree after the last frost to ensure your tree thrives.
- Space the tree about 10 to 20 feet from other plants, including trees, shrugs, and foliage.
- This is important for water absorption and proper root growth. Also be sure to avoid planting your tree too close to a building or structure.
- Prepare a hole that is large enough for your root ball with a bit of extra width. Add a layer of organic matter, such as compost, to the bottom of the hole.
- Adjust the hole so that the tree is planted at the same depth as it was originally growing.
- Place the tree in the hole and make sure the top of the roots are level with the surface of the soil.
- Add or remove soil as needed. Before filling the hole, mix some organic matter with the soil you removed from the hole.
- Fill in the planting hole with the mixture of soil and organic matter.
- Level out the soil with the surrounding area.
- Stake the tree with a rigid tree stake and tree ties to ensure it is supported against wind as it becomes established.
- Water the newly planted tree thoroughly to set the soil in place.
- Fertilize around the roots of the cherry tree.
- Cover the root area with bark, garden compost, or wood chips to protect the roots from temperature changes.
Flowering Cherry Trees grow at a rate of between 1 and 2 feet per year and once they are planted and properly established, Cherry Blossom Trees require little care afterwards.Watering & Fertilizing
Only water the tree during prolonged dry periods of the summer. Cherry Blossom Trees do not like sitting in soggy soil. Feed the tree once per year with a general granular fertilizer in the spring.Pruning
Avoid pruning the Cherry Blossom Tree unless absolutely necessary. If you prune the tree, only do so while it is actively growing: from May to August.Diseases & Pests
To control diseases and pests, examine the leaves of the Cherry Blossom.
Silver Leaf Fungus is a fungal disease that attacks Prunus trees and shrubs, including Cherry Blossom Trees. The disease infects wounds, mainly caused by pruning. Look for a grey or silver appearance on the leaves to learn if Silver Leaf Fungus is present. If the disease is visible, remove the affected branches as soon as possible as silver leaf fungus is progressive and often fatal. Always soak your pruning tools in a solution of bleach and water after using them on an infected plant.
Black Knot Fungus is a fungal disease also common to Prunus trees and shrubs. It produces small growths, usually light brown in color, on the joints and branches of the tree. Cut back diseased branches to prevent the disease from spreading. Don't allow cuttings to fall to the ground. Instead, carefully dispose of infected branches by burying, burning, or placing them in trash bags.
Aphids are small, nearly invisible insects that feed on plant and tree sap. Signs of Aphids include curling or stunted leaves, or when the leaves or stems are covered with sap from the aphids feeding. If the invasion is small, try spraying cold water on the leaves to dislodge the bugs. If spraying water is ineffective, treat the tree with insecticides to get rid of the aphids.Buy Your Own Cherry Blossom Tree
One of the most beloved trees in the world, Cherry Blossom Trees are famous for their breathtaking pink and ivory blooms. You don't have to travel to botanical gardens to catch sight of these show-stopping Cherry Blossom Trees. These elegant, blossoming trees can thrive in any home garden under the proper conditions, providing years of serene beauty.
Brighter Blooms offers several types of flowering Cherry Trees that will impress onlookers with a spectacular show of Cherry Blossom flowers.
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Cherry Blossom Tree | Review, Guide, & Tips for Cherry Blossom Trees
Gardening Tips: The Cherry Blossom Tree
The Cherry Blossom Tree is famous for its blooms, which have enticed writers, artists, and filmmakers alike. The light pink to ivory white blossoms flower in spring, offering soft, serene beauty to the garden atmosphere. The Cherry Blossom Tree includes several varieties; however the most commonly referenced cultivar is the Japanese Flowering Cherry, or the Yoshino Cherry Tree. Do not be deceived; flowering cherry trees do not fruit. This means no messy clean-up of over-ripe cherries.
Instead, the flowers will eventually fall to the ground, symbolizing the circuitous nature of life to the Japanese people. The Cherry Blossom Tree is a popular choice for landscapers and homeowners seeking a subtle flowering tree, which offers majestic strength over volatile coloring. Furthermore, while other flowering trees can require heavy pruning and maintenance, the Cherry Blossom Tree is relatively easy-to-grow. This medium growth flowering cherry tree grows easily in either full sun or mostly shade. Various soils and growing locations also make this a popular flowering tree.
You may be familiar with the Cherry Blossom Festival, which occurs in Washington D. C. once every spring. Like this festival, celebrations around the world surrounding the blooming of the Cherry Blossom Tree are common. The Cherry Blossom Tree is planted, therefore, not only because of its beauty, but because it represents the changing seasons. The gardener who chooses the Cherry Blossom Tree is rewarded time and time again by the 40 to 50 foot impressive magnitude of the flowering blossoms in springtime.
Cherry Blossom Trees do require moderate watering, as their native environment receives frequent rainfall. Be sure to provide a location where water is accessible. If water access is a concern, consider planting the Cherry Blossom in partial to almost full shade, thereby decreasing the evaporation of water. Using mulch can also help to ensure proper water conservation.
Given proper watering, the Cherry Blossom Tree is sure to delight the gardener who chooses it. Plant one today!
Enjoy some quick tips here. For more complete information, read about these hints in more detail below.
Sunlight – Cherry Blossoms are flexible; plant in multiple exposures. Full sun, partial shade, or mostly shady locations will all work.
Soil – Plant in well-drained, moist soil that is not overly wet. Although adaptable to many soil types, Cherry Blossom Trees prefer acidic soils.
Water – During the first season, Cherry Blossom Trees require moderate watering care, preferably once a week for 30 minutes or to a depth of 18 inches. Once established, simply water once every two to three weeks.
Pruning – Pruning should occur in winter, while the tree is dormant only after it is established (5 years). Remove dead or diseased wood and do minimal cutting for shape.
Other Popular Flowering Cherries
The Best Places to Plant the Cherry Blossom Tree
Cherry Blossom Trees originated in eastern Asia, but today they cover much of the world. Australia, Canada, Turkey, Germany, South Korea, the Netherlands, India, Japan, the United States, and many other countries have festivals to celebrate their blooms annually.
In the United States, the Cherry Blossom Tree prefers USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 8, preferring the subtropical to temperate climates of much of the middle latitudes. Plant the Cherry Blossom Tree in a variety of sun exposure regions, including full sun, partial shade, or mostly shade. The Cherry Blossom Tree, therefore, does well as either an accent tree in the yard’s center or tucked away with a small bench underneath. Some gardeners even plant several Cherry Blossom Trees in rows to create living borders for driveways or entryways.
Cherry Blossom Trees are tolerant of a variety of soil conditions. Sandy, loamy, or clay soils will all support the Cherry Blossom, so long as they drain well. The Cherry Blossom should not sit in standing water. In drier climates, some gardeners find that planting the Cherry Blossom Tree is full shade makes maintaining properly moist soil difficult. If you live in a location prone to severe droughts, consider planting the Cherry Blossom Tree in partial shade to reduce water evaporation. Also, using mulch can help conserve water and disperse it more evenly. Cherry Blossom Trees are mildly drought tolerant, but they do not withstand severe or long-term droughts easily.
This adaptably flowering tree is easy to grow in most yard locations. Simply provide adequate water, and the flowers will be the first of many thank-you gifts!
Growth Rate and Mature Height
The Cherry Blossom Tree is a medium sized flowering spectacle, reaching between 40 and 50 feet tall. Minimal pruning is needed for this cultivar, which naturally produces a rounded shape. The Cherry Blossom Tree exhibits a moderate growth rate, ranging between 2 and 4 feet a year.
Pests, Diseases, and Other Concerns
The Cherry Blossom Tree is hardy and typically avoids most pests and diseases. As with most trees, the best defense against these types of issues is a healthy tree. Monitor the growth and water the Cherry Blossom regularly, and most of the following diseases will not affect your tree.
Black Knot Fungus affects the joints and branches of the Cherry Tree. Small light-brown growths will appear, eventually rupturing. Remove any infected branches immediately. Over time, the entire tree can succumb to the fungus.
Silver Leaf Fungus affects the leaves of the plant, occasionally, but not always, leaving a silvery hue to the leaf. Branch die-back is the most common sign of the fungus. Remove diseased branches immediately.
Black Cherry Aphids will affect the leaves and twigs of the plant, often causing leaf curling. The aphids leave a secretion behind that induces the growth of a black fungus. Insecticides are one of the few options in this case.
Noteworthy Tips on the Cherry Blossom Tree
– The Japanese word for the Cherry Blossom Tree is “Sakura”.
– The flower of the Sakura symbolizes the life cycle to the Japanese people, epitomizing the springs, summers, falls, and winters of the human life.
– Cherry Blossom Trees do not produce edible fruits; smaller cherry fruits do grow, but these are typically only eaten by birds.
– The tree’s blossoms are pickled in salt and used in a variety of dishes, including ume vinegar, wagashi, and anpan.
– The leaves of the Cherry Blossom contain coumarin, which is a toxin when ingested in large doses.
Cherry tree. Description, photos of fruits and inflorescences
Common cherry has been grown by people everywhere since ancient times, and it is impossible to know for sure where the first wild tree grew, which was then cultivated. Today, more than twenty countries of the world produce sour cherries on a large scale. This is a unique tree that uses not only fruits, but also leaves, bark and wood.
1 Brief description of the plant
2 Cherry flowers
3 Planting and care
4 Cherry varieties
Brief description of the plant
- Appearance: deciduous tree or shrub from 1. 5 to 5 meters tall, shedding leaves in autumn and winter.
- Fruit: sweet and sour juicy berry red, dark red or black drupe containing one stone.
- Origin: subgenus of plants of the Plum genus, Rosaceae family.
- Life expectancy: twenty-five to thirty years.
- Frost resistance: high.
- Water: moderate, drought tolerant plant.
- Soil: neutral, well fertilized.
- Light-loving plant.
Common cherry blossoms
Cherry blossoms in spring are a beautiful sight. No wonder this tree is found in the literary works of various writers. Shevchenko's Ukrainian hut in the village is necessarily decorated with a cherry orchard. Everyone knows the work of A.P. Chekhov "The Cherry Orchard". Cherry flowers are small white or pink, collected in inflorescences of umbrellas, bloom in early or late May, early June, depending on the variety and climate. Fragrant flowers are good honey plants. Bees collect pollen and nectar from them.
In Japan, the cherry blossom is a national holiday celebrated at home and at work. They celebrate right in nature near trees fragrant with pink flowers, spreading warm blankets on the ground. Sakura blooms in March, early April. It is an ornamental tree, but some cultivars bear small, sour fruits similar to cherries, which the Japanese consider very healthy and prize highly.
Common cherry, which is the ancestor of most varieties, is also useful and has not only good taste, but also healing properties.
Chemical composition of cherry fruits
There are early, middle and late varieties of cherries. Early varieties bear fruit in June, medium - in July, late - at the end of July, August. The fruits contain:
- 7–17% sugars
- 0.8–2.5% acids
- 0.15–0.88% tannins
- Vitamin complex consisting of carotene, folic acid, B vitamins, vitamin C
Fruit contains sugars in the form of glucose and fructose. Organic acids - citric and malic. Ionizit is a regulator of metabolism. Anthocyanins strengthen the walls of blood vessels and capillaries. Vitamins have a general strengthening and regulating effect on the entire body.
Using cherry fruit
Who hasn't tried delicious cherry jam? This is a traditional cherry preparation, which is prepared in many countries. In addition to jam, compotes, juice and wine are made, dried, added as a filling to dumplings and pies. Cherry fruits are also eaten fresh. Many varieties have good taste, are healthy due to the high content of vitamins, minerals and other useful substances.
There are also contraindications. You can not eat cherries for people suffering from stomach ulcers and gastritis with high acidity. If there is a tendency to allergies, cherries should also be used with caution, like all fruits that have a red color.
Cherry leaves and wood
Cherry leaves, harvested in spring and dried, are used to make vitamin tea. They contain tannins (leaf petioles), dextrose, sucrose, organic acids and coumarins. Leaves are used for salting and pickling various vegetables.
Cherry wood kitchen set
Cherry wood is used to make furniture and various wooden items for everyday use. It has a pleasant dark brown color in different shades and is easy to process. Highly appreciated by both consumers and craftsmen.
Planting and care
Cherry does not like waterlogging of the root system due to groundwater close to the surface. Doesn't grow well in shade. A tree is planted in April or September on neutral, fertilized, not very moist soils, in a well-lit place, protected from the wind.
Scheme of planting a cherry seedling and preparing for winter
If a seedling is bought in late autumn, it is dug into the ground at an angle of forty-five degrees and covered with spruce branches from above, with needles outward, so that in winter the seedling does not freeze and mice do not damage it. Most varieties of cherries begin to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. A young tree needs good care, which consists in loosening the earth in the near-trunk circle, applying mineral fertilizers, regular watering, pruning branches and preventive treatments against diseases with a solution of Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride.
There are a large number (about 150) of cherry varieties that differ in fruit weight and taste, tree yield, disease resistance, frost resistance, and flowering and fruiting periods. Consider three varieties common in Russia.
Variety "Chocolate Girl"
Self-fertile, high-yielding variety, bred in Russia in 1996. Tree height up to two and a half meters. The annual growth is seventy centimeters in height. The fruits are dark burgundy almost black, weigh three and a half grams. The taste of berries is sweet and sour. Blooms in early May. The fruits ripen in mid-July. In cooking, it is widely used for making jam, jam, dried berries and compotes. This variety is cold hardy and drought tolerant.
It is considered a symbol of the City of Vladimir, where it has been cultivated since the sixteenth century. It is a tree consisting of several trunks, from three to five meters in height. The amount of harvest depends on the region of cultivation.
Up to twenty kilograms of berries can be harvested from each tree. The variety is self-infertile. In order to set fruit, you need a pollinator cherry variety growing in the neighborhood, flowering at the same time as a self-fertile variety. The size of the fruit is small or larger, the color is dark red. The taste is sweet and sour, very pleasant. Berries are used to make jams and jams, dried and frozen. Planting and care conditions are the same as for most varieties.
Bred in Ukraine by folk selection, a hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries. Tall tree with a rounded crown, self-fertile. Fruiting is plentiful, from an adult tree, which begins to bear fruit in the sixth, seventh year of life, up to 45 kg of cherries are regularly harvested. Red fruits have a colorless, yellowish flesh with a sweet and sour taste. Fruit weight about 5 g. In addition to traditional preparations, this variety of cherries produces good quality wine.
Tree care and planting is no different from other varieties. The variety tolerates severe frosts well, bears fruit better with regular watering and the application of mineral fertilizers, as well as preventive measures against various diseases.
Fruit trees and shrubs Garden: trees and shrubs
Cherry blossoms. When Cherry Blossoms
Romantic cherry blossoms signal the start of spring, everyone knows that. But have you thought about what facts are connected with this process? Here is the most interesting information about cherry trees.
Cherry blossom - the national symbol of Japan
In Japan, this plant is called sakura. Pale rose petals are not only a symbol of spring, they are the embodiment of renewal and hope. In most countries of the world, the association is direct: sakura is Japan.
There is an ice cream with cherry petals
The Japanese are so fond of the moment when the cherry blossoms that they even made a special sakura-flavored ice cream for the occasion. It uses real petals.
Picnics under flowering trees - a Japanese tradition
This is an ancient custom known as hanami (the word means "admiring the flowers"). Ancient manuscripts say that the tradition was started by emperors. Now it is also popular with ordinary people: a huge number of companies gather under the trees in spring to arrange a picnic.
Cherry trees can be huge
The average Japanese cherry tree is about seven meters high, but some grow up to fourteen, with a crown twelve meters wide. Moreover, sometimes the height of a tree can exceed twenty meters. However, it is still rare.
Hanami picnics are more beautiful in the evening
In the evening, the Japanese hang lanterns on tree branches to illuminate them beautifully. This spectacle is even more romantic and attractive than in the daytime.
Cherry blossom festival is not only about spring
Holding cherry blossom festivals in other countries is a reference to Japan and diplomatic relations with it.
In the United States, sakura appeared in 1912.
Japan sent these plants to the United States to demonstrate friendliness and goodwill. In 1915, the Americans responded to the Japanese gesture by sending them flowering dogwood trees, which can often be seen in the States.
The Japanese tried to send sakura before
In 1910, sakura trees had already been sent to the United States, but inspectors from the Department of Agriculture advised that such a Japanese gift should be burned, finding insects on the trees. This almost caused a diplomatic crisis, but the trees were still preserved.
The peak of flowering falls on the fourth of April
The peak is the day when seventy percent of cherry trees open their buds. The flowering period can last up to fourteen days.
It is impossible to predict in advance when the flowering will start
If you want to admire the cherry trees in all their beauty, you will have to wait until March. Only then can you roughly estimate when there will be flowering, and plan a trip.
Sakura is the best-selling fragrance
The most popular perfume in the United States is cherry blossom. Thirty million bottles of sakura, pear, mimosa and sweet sandalwood perfumes are sold annually.
Traditional view of sakura - near Mount Fuji
According to the Japanese, the best place for viewing sakura is at the foot of Mount Fuji, from the shore of the lake. It is this picture that is most often used on Japanese postcards.
In America, sakura is associated with the capital.
In Washington, all attractions are surrounded by spring cherry blossoms.
Neither Washington nor Japan are leaders in the number of flowering trees
The actual cherry blossom capital is Macon, Georgia. There are 300 thousand trees here. However, they are not traditional for this region. William Fickling discovered cherry blossoms in his backyard in 1949. He became interested in the issue and brought more trees to the city.
Sakura appeared in the Himalayas
Most likely, the trees appeared in Eurasia, and then ended up in Japan.
There are two hundred different varieties of sakura
In Japan, somei yoshino is the most popular variety, and hybrids of this species also predominate in the United States of America.
Sakura is not always pink
There is also a variety with white flowers. In addition, some types of sakura change shades during flowering from greenish-yellow to white, and then to pink.
Each tree only blooms for a week
Usually the cherry blossom season lasts about a month, but each individual tree only blooms for a week. Trees usually live from thirty to forty years.
Cherry is a subspecies of the rose family, but stands out among its "relatives" with fragrant white flowers, united in inflorescences, like small umbrellas.
Features of cherry blossoms
An interesting difference between cherry flowers is that they are actinomorphic. This means that you will not find a single flower without at least two symmetrical planes that divide it into two identical halves.
Usually the flower has five non-joining leaves in the form of a bowl, it also has five petals, and they are not fixed in a cluster.
One flower has about 17-20 stamens and one pistil. This is a clear sign inherent in the entire plum family. Cherries traditionally have an upper ovary. Pollination of flowers occurs due to flying insects.
Duration of flowering
Nature allows you to admire the cherry blossom for a very short period of time - only 7, sometimes 10 days. If it is not too sunny outside and it rains during this period, then flowering can stretch up to 15 days.
White fragrant cinquefoils appear on tree branches before bud formation, very rarely at the same time as they swell. The start of color directly depends on the region where the cherry grows and on the outside temperature at that moment.
The beginning of fragrant flowering is traditionally due to spring warming up to +10°C. Fruit trees begin to turn white everywhere when the indicated average daily temperature lasts for one and a half to two weeks.
There are different types of cherries, which can be classified as early flowering, medium and late flowering according to the flowering time. Early flowering is considered the period from May 20 to 25, and from June 1 to 5 is a late bloom. Anything between these dates is medium flowering.
Location and flowering time
- Cherry blossoms in Ukraine from late April to early May. The most common varieties in these latitudes are: Ukrainian Griot, Shpanka early and large-fruited, Amorel, Lotovka, Elegant, and Toy.
- In regions located in the central Russian zone of Russia, the flowering period is from May 8 to 15. An abundance of flowers covers the cherry branches more often during periods of heavy rains. That is why insects do not have time to pollinate them, and gardens often stand without fruiting. Planting self-fertile varieties can save the situation. They self-pollinate without the participation of insects. Common varieties include: Apukhtinskaya, Chernokorka, Molodezhnaya. Among the species in demand in the middle lane: Chocolate, Tyutchevka, Gift of Ryazan, Chermashnaya, Iput, Kharitonovskaya and others.
- In the suburbs, the flowering time is the same. Despite the abundance of flowers and their aroma, it is almost impossible to get a rich harvest of berries in the Moscow region. Varieties adapted for the local climate are Molodezhnaya, Vstrecha, Almaz, Apukhtinskaya, Shokoladnitsa, Chermashnaya, Poetry, Fatezh, Malysh, Griot Moscow.
- In Krasnodar, flowering occurs from late April to early May. Cherry takes root here Lyubskaya, Krasnodar sweet, Apukhtinskaya, Nord-star, Shpanka, Novella, Orlitsa.
- In the Crimea, cherry blossoms are covered with white flowers much earlier - on April 20-25. The most common varieties in the Crimea are Podbelskaya, followed by the popularity of Early English and Anadolskaya.
- In the Kuban, the flowering period is the same as in the Crimea. Varieties perform well here: Apukhtinskaya, Novella, Shpanka, Nord-Star, Krasnodar Sweet, Garland.
- Cherry blossoms in the Leningrad region very late - at the beginning of June. Cool cloudy weather prevents cherries from fruiting and ripening for a rich harvest. However, gardeners have adapted to grow the Vladimir variety here, as well as varieties: Ruby, Zvezdochka, Lyubskaya and Shpanka Shimskaya. In some horticulture, you can find varieties Rainbow, Crimson, Zarnitsa, Amorel.
- In the Urals and Siberia, the flowering period is the same months as in St. Petersburg. In these regions, the period from June 1 to June 5 is considered late flowering, and it is this time that is beneficial for cherries so that frosts do not kill them. Suitable for cold climates Maksimovskaya, Zmeinogorskaya, Mayak, Ashinsky ordinary, Metelitsa, Ob and Malinovka.
- In Rostov-on-Don, the most beautiful cherry tree scenery takes place in the third decade of April, on a warm day. For planting, gardeners choose varieties: Lyubskaya, Lada, Zhukovskaya, Livenka, Competitor, Meteor.
Delicate cherry blossoms not only delight the eye in spring, creating a snow-white cloud around thin tree branches. They also give off a very spicy, sweet scent. It is a mixture of honey, sugary, woody notes with a subtle berry tint.
The Cherry Orchard has been a symbol of family, unity and native land since time immemorial.
The smell of Cherry blossoms in the spring awakened tender memories and gave a sea of emotions in the summer, when ripe berries no longer stuck to the branches.
Cherries were a sign of the purity and softness of a woman's nature, as evidenced by the paintings of the 18th century.
In Christianity, cherries, like apples, are a fruit of paradise. The cherry tree itself is the tree of knowledge.
Cherry blossom in many regions was a symbol of the bride. The Cherry Orchard was a favorite haunt of unmarried girls.
In Ukraine, the Cherry Orchard protected the house from evil spirits. It was believed that the inhabitants of dark corners and swamps would bypass such a house. While the Cherry Orchard lives, friendship and love will reign in the family.
In Japan, the cherry blossoms of Sakura mark the beginning of a new cycle in the life of the village. At this time, the sowing of rice began.
There are several versions of the origin of the word "cherry".
According to another version, the word "cherry" comes from the Latin "viscum", which means "bird glue". The fact is that the trunk of the Cherry secretes a sticky fragrant juice-resin, which can be found on the wounds of the tree.
The Latin name for the tree is Cerasus, which actually means "cherry". The name comes from the city of Kerak (Kerasunt) - the birthplace of this beautiful tree.
Where the Cherry grows
There are about 130 species of this plant, distributed throughout the world.
Common cherry is a cultivated plant and grows in gardens and parks. Due to the high content of nutrients, Common Cherry and Sweet Cherry are valuable fruit and berry crops in many countries.
Wild cherry species are found in the Himalayas, the Far East, Japan and China. This species is resistant even to severe frosts.
Wild steppe cherry is found in Siberia, Kazakhstan, Bashkiria and the Volga region. It can also be found in the North Caucasus and in the European part of Russia.
Common cherry is native to the Black Sea coast. From these places, the tree came to Rome and gained worldwide fame.
The tree is undemanding to soil conditions. It can be found in ravines and thickets near the edges.
What the Cherry looks like
The Cherry is a small tree or shrub.
Common cherry can reach 10 meters in height with a trunk diameter of up to 40 cm, while its wild fellow shrub reaches only 2 meters in height.
Cherry's root system is very powerful, so even the strongest winds are not capable of causing serious damage to the Cherry Orchard.
The age of some representatives of the tree can reach 100 years. Steppe wild Cherry lives only 15-20 years.
When in bloom in April or May, the Cherry is dressed in a snow blanket of parasols.
Fragrant dark red berries ripen on the branches in July in summer. The fruits have a sweet and sour taste and contain a huge amount of trace elements.
Medicinal properties of Cherry
Cherry fruits, bark, leaves and even flowers are used for medicinal purposes.
In addition, the fruits will help increase intestinal motility and cope with constipation.
Cherry juice is used as an effective antipyretic.
Dried cherry tree sap is a good coating agent. A decoction of the stalks has an identical effect.
Cherry pits are dangerous if taken internally, but the dried and grated product is used as a compress for gout.
Cherry leaves have antiseptic properties, so they are used for storing berries and other fruits.
Cherry water, steamed from Cherry blossoms, is an excellent treatment for inflammation of the eyes.
Everything is good in moderation. And the fruits of Cherry in this case are no exception. Do not abuse berries for diabetes and problems with the intestines and stomach.
When using Cherry in the treatment of any ailments, it is necessary to consult a specialist.
Application of Cherry
The strong roots of Cherry allow the plant to be used for strengthening slopes and dumps.
Wood is widely used in the manufacture of high value furniture and many joinery and accessories.
The wood is processed into veneer and used in intarsia and marquetry.
Cherry fruits are widely used in cooking and modern medicine as a flavoring agent and as a food additive.
Due to the huge number of flowers, Cherry Orchards are valuable honey plants.
Cherry masks are used in cosmetics.
The fruits are consumed fresh. On an industrial scale, jams, wines, syrups and other products are made from fruits.
In England, there is a long-lived tree that is over 150 years old and almost 14 meters high.
To calm sleep, you need to eat about two dozen fruits. The sedative effect is due to melatonin contained in Cherry berries.
Like a green apple, cherry fruits can relieve headaches.
Cherries that people are used to seeing in gardens have the scientific name "sour cherries", although they may taste sweet. At the same time, sweet cherry has the name "bird cherry".
Japanese Cherry Sakura is an inedible species. The flowering of this Cherry is a sign for the Japanese, as it symbolizes the beginning of rice sowing.
There was a superstition in Switzerland, according to which it was believed that a tree would bear fruit better if the first fruits were given to a woman who gave birth to her first child.
For the second year in a row, something strange has been happening in my garden – cherry blossoms, but no berries. Tell me, what could be the reason and how to make the tree bear fruit?
It would seem that lush cherry blossoms guarantee a plentiful harvest of tasty and juicy berries. Unfortunately, the presence of flowers on a tree does not always promise a lot of ovaries. Often, by the summer, gardeners find empty branches hung with foliage.
Where do the ovaries go, and why do cherry blossoms, but there are no berries? There may be several reasons for this phenomenon, and the solution to the problem depends on what exactly provoked the crop loss.
Most often, the lack of fruiting in the presence of flowering is caused by:
Problems with pollination
If there is only one cherry growing in the garden, and besides, it is not self-pollinating, you can wait a long time for berries from it, and where can they come from without pollinating the inflorescences ? Therefore, you should always plant at least two different ones so that one of them pollinates itself. Then the second tree will bear fruit.
When planting trees on a large plot, the distance between them must be taken into account.
Pollination sometimes does not occur due to the absence of pollen-carrying insects such as bees. This is facilitated by the cold spring and the intensive use of various preparations in the processing of trees. You can cope with attracting bees to the garden by spraying the crown of cherries with sweet syrup (1 tbsp of sugar or honey per 1 liter of water).
Impact of low temperatures
Return frosts cause great damage to future crops. As a result of spring frosts, fruit buds freeze slightly and can no longer produce berries. And when the air temperature drops to 1 degree of frost, the ovary simply dies and crumbles. To protect the tree, it is recommended to postpone the flowering time, as long as possible without removing the snow from under it. In the case when the cherry has blossomed and frosts are predicted, the crown of a small tree can be covered with a cloth. In an old garden with large trees, fires are burning with smoke.
So that the root system does not freeze in autumn, watering should be excluded at this time.
Insufficient feeding and watering
Cherries need to be watered at least three times per season to ensure they have enough moisture for development and fruiting. In addition, the lack of nutrients also affects the yield. The tree has enough strength to bloom, but not to form fruits, so it is important to periodically replenish the reserves of microelements in the soil, feeding the tree with organic matter and complex mineral preparations. It is also necessary to maintain normal soil acidity by introducing wood ash.
Why cherries do not bear fruit after flowering and what to do - video Annual start and end dates of flowering.
Parisians and guests of the capital do not get tired of thanking the Japanese for giving the world a cherry blossom holiday. Or cherries, in our opinion. The French quickly picked up the idea to make a cult out of an ordinary event, in general, and received another reason for admiration. Now, for local residents, swollen rose buds in the alleys become a harbinger of warmth, which means that spring has finally come into its own.
For tourists, cherry blossoms (by the way, not only cherries, but also magnolias) are one of the main reasons to go to Paris in the middle of spring. True, there are also travelers who find themselves in the capital in March by accident, and the blooming pink riot just knocks you off your feet.
To avoid surprises, and possibly adjust your plans for visiting Paris, read the article from cover to cover. The spectacle is worth it to move the trip from February to mid-April and even from May to the end of March - it’s not for nothing that Parisian photographers have all the free places for these dates packed a year ahead.
When to ride a hanami in Paris 2019
Of course, it is impossible to predict the exact dates of flowering of the cherry trees in Paris - weather forecasts vary too much. Hanami starts from the beginning of March and pleases the eye until mid-April. No one can say for sure. Unless an experienced gardener, who knows the nature of each tree and the signs of future spring weather, can more or less specifically orient. And even then within one to two weeks. But this is still of little help to the average tourist. Because it’s better to look for tickets and book a hotel in advance.
The sooner the better. Even despite the prevailing opinion that the cherry blossom in Paris is a poorly promoted event, and places, they say, in affordable hotels are empty, and flights are cheap. Don't believe. Firstly, hotels in Paris (especially good and inexpensive ones) are by definition never idle. Secondly, Europeans have long known how beautiful the capital of love is during this period, and they, wherever they fly, are within easy reach of Charles de Gaulle Airport - an hour or two and on the spot.
What should a Russian do when flying to catch most of the cherry trees in bloom? Late March or early April is the best. Focus on the dates from 25.03 to 7.04, you can't go wrong. If you dream of a photo session (or a photo tour, as it is fashionable now), order in advance. You can search in social networks, Instagram or on Tripster, where you will get not only a photographer, but also a guide - two in one.
#2. Hotel Antin Trinite
Double room in Hotel Antin Trinité
Hotel at an adequate price; The rooms are modern, after a fresh renovation. Located opposite and a hundred meters from the Grand Opera. Close to sightseeing buses, Rossybus to the airport and RER metro station. Breakfast is decent, staff is friendly.
#3. Hôtel De Lutece - Notre-Dame
Hôtel De Lutece near Notre Dame de Paris
The main trump card of a three-star hotel is its location on the island of Saint-Louis (through the bridge of the same name you can go straight to Notre-Dame-de-Paris). The interior of the rooms is designed in a light "palace" style, there are air conditioners and soundproofing, free wi-fi. Very good breakfasts!
#4. Elysees Union
Elysées Union near the cherry blossom spot in Paris!
3 star hotel 10 minutes from the Eiffel Tower. Quiet Parisian street, calm area, with shops, cafes and bakeries. The rooms are small, but everything you need is available; the tower is visible from some windows. Breakfast buffet, and for Paris, surprisingly generous, tasty and varied!
Other Cherry Blossoms in Paris
A few more secret cherry blossom spots in spring Paris:
- Montsouris Park. Located on the left bank of the Seine, the nearest metro station is Cité Universitaire. Cherries bloom quite generously there, and the place is beautiful: in the center there is a small lake, a lot of cozy benches, golf courses.
- Park Co. This is a little-known place in Paris, it is not even included in the ratings of the top 10 gardens and parks of the French capital. But sakura blooms there surprisingly violently - there are both pink and terry-white.