How tall are cherry trees
How to Grow a Cherry Tree: The Complete Guide
Have you ever wondered how to grow a cherry tree or why you would want to grow a cherry tree at all? The answer to “why” is because cherry trees are invariably attractive and produce useful fruit. Cherries are particularly lovely fruit trees — the blossoms are beautiful (the reason for cherry blossom festivals all over the world each year), the fruit is tasty, and the trees are quite easy to grow, with just a little care and knowledge.
As for “how,” this article will share what you need to know order to grow a cherry tree and enjoy the (literal) fruits of your labor!When To Plant Cherry Trees
Cherry trees prefer sun and will grow strongly during the warmer month. When the tree is established, it will adapt its growth to the seasons, but when it is younger it may need some more tending.
To give your tree an advantage when it is young, plant it in spring, so that it can become relatively established over the spring, summer and early fall. If you live in a warmer climate, then you can plant in late winter, if the ground has not been frozen.
If the ground is frozen in the area where you live, wait until the ground is workable before planting. Always look out for the warning of a late frost. Take note of the general climate in your area and plan the planting accordingly.Where To Plant Your Cherry Trees
When you choose to plant a cherry tree, there are a few things to consider. One is the size of the tree. Cherry trees can grow tall (up to 35 feet/10 meters) and most have a broad spread of branches (12-14 feet/ 3.5-4.5 meters) and have widespread branches.
This means that you must make sure you plant your tree far enough away from other trees, or larger plants, to allow the tree room for its fully mature spread.
The other thing to consider is the root system. You don’t want the roots to cause trouble with any structure in your garden, particularly a wall or even your house. Cherry trees tend to have a relatively shallow root system, but it does grow outward quite substantially as the roots look for oxygen.
The roots of a cherry tree can spread underground over an area that is even wider than the spread of the branches. So you must consider the spread of the tree above and below ground when you choose where to plant the tree.Soil
Cherry trees prefer a soft, well-drained soil that is quite fertile. Trees with sweet fruit require better drainage, while sour cherries are not quite so fussy.
When you plant a tree, the soil should be kept moist for a few days. This will keep the soil soft and draining effectively, but the tree will have enough water to absorb.Light
Cherry trees need a lot of light, so make sure you plant your tree in a sunny spot, where they will receive at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight a day.
Once cherry trees are established, they don’t need a lot of water. However, for the first year, or so, after planting, you will need to make sure that the sapling is watered regularly, keeping the soil damp.
When you water your cherry tree, remember the broad spread of the roots and don’t only concentrate the water around the trunk. You don’t need to dampen the entire area of the roots, but do try to keep a slightly wider spread of water, possibly up to a meter around the trunk.
Because the root system of a cherry tree is relatively shallow, it will need to look for water mostly above the water table, so it is important that it receives water from above the soil as well – including rain, of course, but also from you watering it. Usually, cherry trees will be able to access water from a greater number of sources in summer, so take this into account when you water the tree.Temperature and Humidity
Cherry trees are quite hardy and different cultivars, or varieties can tolerate different temperatures and weather conditions. Generally, though, cherries prefer generally cooler, drier climates. In fact, part of their growth cycle is to have a period of dormancy during a cold winter, which they will not get in a hotter, humid climate.
Even younger trees can tolerate frost quite well, but they can be sensitive to a late frost. This is because they come out of their dormancy period as the weather warms up and are not prepared to cope with very low temperatures.
Sweet cherries, in particular, are susceptible to a late frost. If a tree has started to bud when the late frost arrives, it will be hit harder than before budding. This makes late frost an important thing to take into consideration when you plan to plant your tree. With younger trees, protect your tree by using something like a burlap tree wrap.Planting Multiple Trees: Cross-Pollination
Most cherry trees are not self-pollinating, so you need to have two trees, of different varieties, so that they can pollinate each other. Some types of cherry trees are not compatible, so you will need to do some solid research to make sure that the varieties of trees you choose will be able to cross-pollinate.
There are some varieties of sour cherries that are self-pollinating, but sweet cherries are generally not self-pollinating. However, the BlackGold and WhiteGold varieties are self-pollinating and can even be used as ‘universal pollinators’, as they are compatible with any variety of cherry.
Bees pollinate cherry trees and the period of blossoming and fertility is quite limited. Bees usually work in the earlier morning, so keep away from the trees during this period. Cooler weather may prolong the period of fertility, so keep an eye on your trees and the bees’ activity.Varieties of Cherry Tree To Plant
Where you live will determine, to a degree, what variety of cherry tree you plant.
The Benton Cherry tree is a popular variety of cherry to grow in your garden. This is mainly because it is a relatively easy tree to grow. They are quite big trees, with wide-spreading branches and are remarkably hardy, requiring almost minimal maintenance. They are also quite resistant to frost.
The Blackgold Cherry tree is another popular and hardy cherry to consider grow at home. It is quite frost-resistant and not as susceptible to diseases and pests as some other varieties. The tree needs to be watered regularly in the first year of growth. As they grow, the trees do not need to be watered very regularly.
Montmorency Cherry Tree
Lapins Cherry Tree
Rainier Cherry Tree
BUY NOWHow To Grow Your Cherry Trees
Cherry trees can be grown from three basics: the pit, a seedling/young tree, a bare root tree.Bare root trees
Bare root trees are small trees that have had the soil removed from their roots, which are covered in plastic to protect them. These trees are usually available during winter and should be planted when the weather is still cold.
The soil you plant your bare root tree into cannot be hard, so you will either have to prepare a patch by working on it and making sure it is loose before you buy the trees, or you can place the trees in a small patch of loose soil until you are ready to plant them. This should not be longer than a few days.Seedlings or young trees
You can buy cherry tree seedlings, or a young tree, to plant out. Seedlings will need more care, so keep them in a pot in a protected area until they are ready to establish themselves. Young trees can be planted out quite easily.From the pit
If you really do want to grow your own cherry tree from the beginning, then you can do so from the pit. You should begin with a few pits, as some of them may not sprout.
Make sure that the pits are clean of any trace of the fruit by soaking them thoroughly. Leave them to dry for a few days. After that keep them in a sealed container in the fridge for 7-10 days. This will simulate the dormancy period of winter.
The pits can be planted in pots that are full of loose soil, that is mixed with fertilizer. Before you do this, you must take them back to room temperature. Push the pits into the soil and water them enough so that the soil is moist. Do not over-water them. When the pits sprout and establish themselves as seedlings, you can plant them outPlanting the Trees
To plant your tree from any of these sources, you must make sure that the soil is loose. Do this by working the soil over with a garden fork. It should be loose to at least a foot (30cms) below the surface.
Dig a hole that is deep and wide enough to accommodate the root ball. This will usually be about 18 inches (45 cms) in diameter and 24 inches (60 cms) deep.
Place the roots of the plant into the hole and cover them, but keep some of the root ball showing – about 1 inch (2.5 cms) above the surface. Compact the soil around the tree gently, making sure that it does stay relatively loose. Do not tamp it down.
The level of the soil around the tree must be the same level as the surrounding area. Fruit trees must not sit in water, so there can’t be a hollow around the stem.
Make sure that you water the tree thoroughly for the first few weeks after it is planted. This does not mean keeping it in a pool of water, but making sure that the area around the stem is kept damp.
How To Grow a Cherry Tree In a Pot
There are some varieties of cherry trees that are dwarf, which can be grown in pots. Remember that these can grow to about 6 feet high, so you will need to prune and contain the trees carefully, to make sure that they don’t grow too big for your house.
One advantage that growing a cherry tree in a pot is that you will be able to move it inside during cold weather.
When you plant a young tree/seedling in a pot, make sure that you water it regularly to keep the soil damp. Do not overwater it, because if the roots sit in water, the tree’s growth will be affected. You will need to fertilize the tree at least every couple of months.Fertilizing your cherry Tree
To keep your cherry tree healthy, you need to feed it regularly, by using the appropriate fertilizer. Cherry trees are ‘light feeders’, which means that they don’t use a lot of nutrients.
Like most plants, cherry trees need nitrogen, phosphate and potassium to grow, so make sure that the fertilizer you use contains all of these (just make sure the fertilizer is low in nitrogen). Phosphate and potassium boost the tree’s ability to fight diseases.
You can use a chemical fertilizer, but you could prefer to use organic options, which are based on compost and natural additives.Pruning your cherry tree
All fruit trees need to be pruned regularly during the winter months. This promotes new growth in the spring and you’ll have a good crop of fruit in summer. For our complete guide to pruning your cherry tree, visit this link.Harvesting your cherries
The whole point of growing a cherry tree is to enjoy the fruit, isn’t it? Once you have a lovely crop on your tree, you’ll need to harvest them. Knowing when and how to pick them will keep you from damaging the fruit.
You’ll know your cherries are ripe when they turn red. The darker red they are, the riper they are. If you pull gently on a cherry and it comes away easily, then it’s fully ripe. Don’t pick cherries when they still have any green on them, because they don’t continue to ripen once picked off the tree.
For more in-depth information about harvesting cherries, read our guide on picking cherries.
However, if you’re harvesting sour cherries for cooking, you can pick them when they’re not quite ripe. Make sure you cut the fruit off the tree, though.
Put the harvested cherries into a container, but don’t over-fill it or squash the cherries because you may damage them. Keep the cherries in the fridge as soon after as picking them as possible. This will keep the fruit fresh longer.Cherry Tree Pests and Disease
Cherry tree pests and disease can come in a variety of forms and each one requires specialized action to treat and prevent them. Some pose greater threats than others to your cherry harvest, so educating yourself about each one is a necessary part of growing cherry trees in your garden.
PestsLeaf damage caused by black cherry aphids.
Here are some of the common types of pests that you may have to deal with as you grow a cherry tree.Birds
One of the greatest threats to the fruit on your cherry tree are birds, which are not easy to control. The best protection against losing your cherries to birds is to cover your tree with netting.Black Cherry Aphids
In winter, keep an eye out for tiny black bugs clustering on the stems or under the leaves on your cherry tree. If your tree is a sweet cherry, then you must be even more vigilant, because they are more susceptible to this pest.
You should treat your tree for black cherry aphids by spraying it with horticultural oil. If you notice the leaves on your tree curling, then you must treat it. It is easier to get rid of the aphids before the leaves actually curl.Borers
The American Plum Borer bores into the trunks of weakened trees.
The Peachtree borer goes for the base of the trunk of a cherry tree and affects the flow of nutrients to the tree. You can dig out the larvae, but it may be more effective to use a pesticide. You will need to get advice on what to use.
Shot hole borers dig into weakened branches in the tree, or into the trunk. If they are only in one/two branches, they can be removed. However, if the whole tree is affected, then it may not be possible to save the tree.
Pests tend to attack cherry trees that are weakened, so you keep your tree properly watered and fertilized.
Want to know more about other pests you may encounter? Click here to read our blog post on how to identify, treat, and prevent ten common cherry tree pests.DiseasesCherries suffering from brown rot caused by a fungus.
Any plant can be infected by diseases, and cherry trees are no exception.
Leaf spot, canker and brown spot are some of these diseases. You will recognize these by leaves that develop dark spots, or begin to die. You should remove any diseased leaves, or even branches. When you do this, dip the pruning shears in a bleach solution to sterilize them before making the next cut, so that the disease doesn’t spread.
You can spray your tree with a fungicide to protect against these diseases. A fungicide will also help to prevent ripe fruit rot, brown rot, or twig blight. Consult your nursery or garden center to find out what fungicide you should use. If there is a lot of rain, you may need to repeat the spray of fungicide.
Most of the diseases that affect cherry trees are the result of over-watering. Make sure that the soil is kept moist, not very wet. The soil must be well-drained and kept quite loose.
For a more in-depth read about the identification, treatment, and prevention of the ten most common cherry tree diseases, visit our blog article here.FAQsAre cherry trees easy to grow?
Cherry trees need to be established carefully. After that, they are relatively easy to look after. Keep them healthy by watering regularly, but not too much, and fertilizing them periodically.Can I grow a cherry tree at home?
Cherry trees tend to be large trees, so you’ll need a good size space in your yard to grow one of them. As long as you have the right conditions for the tree, including at least 6 hours of direct sunlight, then this is a lovely tree to have at home.What kind of soil do cherry trees prefer?
Cherry trees prefer to grow in well-drained soil that contains nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium.
Make Cherry Trees Part of Your Garden!
A cherry tree makes a great (and tasty) addition to a home garden. Our guides can help you pick just the right one.
Now that you know how to grow a cherry tree, visit our Cherry Trees hub page to read about different cherry tree varieties you can grow, plus other cherry-related informational articles.
Cherry Tree Height: Averages, Influencing Factors, Examples
So, you’re thinking of planting some cherry trees but aren’t sure about the right cherry tree height to go with your yard, garden, or farm?
With so many types of cherry trees, there are a lot of choices. But, don’t worry, we’re going to walk you through the process.
How tall are cherry trees? The height of cherry trees ranges from 6 feet to over 100 feet. Standard cherry trees reach heights of 12 to 20 feet, while larger species grow up to 50-plus feet tall. Furthermore, dwarf trees in containers grow between 6 feet and 10 feet tall, and wild cherry trees reach 130-plus feet tall.
Read on below and explore cherry tree heights and everything you need to know about selecting and caring for a cherry tree!Cherry Tree Size
Choosing the right cherry tree size for your property is crucial, whether it’s a yard, garden, orchard, or farm.
There is an enormous difference between a 100-foot tall cherry tree and a 15-foot tall tree. This quick guide lays out the differences in height in all of the most popular varieties and species.Ornamental Cherry Tree Size
The average size of ornamental cherry trees is between 20 and 30 feet. They do well in just about any soil and sun conditions as long as the soil drains well and stays moist.
Ornamental cherry trees are preferred for landscaping because they are low maintenance, look great, and live for up to 50 years.Edible Cherry Tree Size
Sweet cherry trees, or “edible” cherry trees, reach sizes of 15 to 25 feet on average. However, under the right conditions, they may grow as much as 10 or 15 feet taller.
Dwarf species are also available and reach max heights and widths of 10 to 15 feet.Wild Cherry Tree Size
A fan favorite, wild cherry trees are actually among the tallest, with an average height variance of 50 to 80 feet.
That said, the tallest wild cherry trees are over 130 feet tall and have a spread between 50 and 70 feet wide.Dwarf Cherry Tree Size
The term “dwarf cherry tree” is more of an umbrella phrase than an actual species; it refers to miniature cherry trees of any species.
Most dwarf cherry trees are engineered to grow no taller than 12 to 15 feet with an equal spread width.
But, there are even much smaller dwarf cherry trees. The Hiromi weeping cherry tree, for example, is a Japanese dwarf tree that only reaches heights of up to 6 feet tall.Factors That Affect Cherry Tree Mature Size
There are several significant factors to take into consideration when it comes to the size of your mature cherry trees:
- No less than 8 hours of sun per day is best for optimal growth.
- Trees need watering several times per month after planting.
- Trees require extra watering through the year while they are young.
- Trees require regular pruning to stimulate vigorous growth.
- Fruit trees in particular benefit from receiving fertilizer/nutrients.
- The pH of the soil affects the health and growth of the tree.
- The roots may need irrigation depending on the environment.
- Producing too much fruit slows down the overall growth of the tree.
There are dozens of cherry tree varieties. The 10 species below are the most popular.Guide To Selecting a Cherry Tree
The first step to selecting a cherry tree for your yard, garden, or farm is deciding whether you want cherries for cooking or for eating. One type of cherries is acidic, and the other is sweet and edible raw.
After you decide which type you want, have a look at the available rootstock. Keep in mind that each species has its own maximum height and width, as pointed out throughout this article.
Also consider the particular sun, water, and pH requirements of any cherry tree species you’re considering planting on your property.
Make sure that you have the right sort of environment to promote healthy growth.
Another consideration is that some species, mainly the dwarfs, may be grown in pots if you prefer.
That way you can move them around throughout the year and even take them inside for the winter.
Cherry Tree Basic Care
Be sure that you only purchase cherry trees from a reputable, trusted supplier. Check with our list of online sources if you can’t find quality cherry trees locally.
Caring for cherry trees is pretty basic. In fact, as far as fruit trees are concerned, cherry trees are one of the lowest-maintenance groups of trees there is.
Following these basic care guidelines and your tree will thrive:
- Water new trees 2-3 times per week.
- Water young trees every other week during the spring, summer, and fall.
- Water older trees in the spring and fall.
- Apply fertilizer/nutrients to trees once per year.
- Prune branches so the sun penetrates more of the tree.
- Make sure your trees receive 6 to 10 hours of direct light.
- Use organic pest control.
- Keep birds away from your ripening cherries.
Depending on the species, a cherry tree may grow anywhere from 8 to 15 inches or more per year.
In less optimal environments, cherry trees may grow as little as 5 to 6 inches or less per year.How Long Do Cherry Trees Live?
Cherry trees don’t have the longest lifespan; they live approximately 20 to 30 years or so. Some species die after 15 years, and others live to well over 50 years.
That said, there are numerous examples of black cherry trees that are between 250 and 2,000 years old and are still living and flowering.Conclusion
The average minimum height of cherry trees is between 10 to 20 feet with some species reaching minimums of 40 to 50 feet.
The average maximum height is roughly 30 to 50 feet, though some trees easily reach over 100 feet tall.
The biggest factors that influence the height of a cherry tree, other than its species, include the pH of its soil, the amount of sun it receives, how well watered it is, and whether pests are infesting it or not.
Cherry tree. Description, photos of fruits and inflorescences
Common cherry has been grown by people everywhere since ancient times, and it is impossible to know for sure where the first wild tree grew, which was then cultivated. Today, more than twenty countries of the world produce sour cherries on a large scale. This is a unique tree that uses not only fruits, but also leaves, bark and wood.
1 Brief description of the plant
2 Cherry flowers
3 Planting and care
4 Cherry varieties
Brief description of the plant
- Appearance: deciduous tree or shrub from 1.5 to 5 meters tall, shedding leaves in autumn and winter.
- Fruit: sweet and sour juicy berry red, dark red or black drupe containing one stone.
- Origin: subgenus of plants of the Plum genus, Rosaceae family.
- Life expectancy: twenty-five to thirty years.
- Frost resistance: high.
- Water: moderate, drought tolerant plant.
- Soil: neutral, well fertilized.
- Light-loving plant.
Common cherry blossoms
Cherry blossoms in spring are a beautiful sight. No wonder this tree is found in the literary works of various writers. Shevchenko's Ukrainian hut in the village is necessarily decorated with a cherry orchard. Everyone knows the work of A.P. Chekhov "The Cherry Orchard". Cherry flowers are small white or pink, collected in inflorescences of umbrellas, bloom in early or late May, early June, depending on the variety and climate. Fragrant flowers are good honey plants. Bees collect pollen and nectar from them.
In Japan, the cherry blossom is a national holiday celebrated at home and at work. They celebrate right in nature near trees fragrant with pink flowers, spreading warm blankets on the ground. Sakura blooms in March, early April. It is an ornamental tree, but some cultivars bear small, sour fruits similar to cherries, which the Japanese consider very healthy and prize highly.
Common cherry, which is the ancestor of most varieties, is also useful and has not only good taste, but also healing properties.
Chemical composition of cherry fruits
There are early, middle and late varieties of cherries. Early varieties bear fruit in June, medium - in July, late - at the end of July, August. The fruits contain:
- 7–17% sugars
- 0.8–2.5% acids
- 0.15–0.88% tannins
- Vitamin complex consisting of carotene, folic acid, B vitamins, vitamin C
Fruit contains sugars in the form of glucose and fructose. Organic acids - citric and malic. Ionizit is a regulator of metabolism. Anthocyanins strengthen the walls of blood vessels and capillaries. Vitamins have a general strengthening and regulating effect on the entire body.
Using cherry fruit
Who hasn't tried delicious cherry jam? This is a traditional cherry preparation, which is prepared in many countries. In addition to jam, compotes, juice and wine are made, dried, added as a filling to dumplings and pies. Cherry fruits are also eaten fresh. Many varieties have good taste, are healthy due to the high content of vitamins, minerals and other useful substances.
There are also contraindications. You can not eat cherries for people suffering from stomach ulcers and gastritis with high acidity. If there is a tendency to allergies, cherries should also be used with caution, like all fruits that have a red color.
Cherry leaves and wood
Cherry leaves, harvested in spring and dried, are used to make vitamin tea. They contain tannins (leaf petioles), dextrose, sucrose, organic acids and coumarins. Leaves are used for salting and pickling various vegetables.
Cherry wood kitchen set
Cherry wood is used to make furniture and various wooden items for everyday use. It has a pleasant dark brown color in different shades and is easy to process. Highly appreciated by both consumers and craftsmen.
Planting and care
Cherry does not like waterlogging of the root system due to groundwater close to the surface. Doesn't grow well in shade. A tree is planted in April or September on neutral, fertilized, not very moist soils, in a well-lit place, protected from the wind.
Scheme of planting a cherry seedling and preparing for winter
If a seedling is bought in late autumn, it is dug into the ground at an angle of forty-five degrees and covered with spruce branches from above, with needles outward, so that in winter the seedling does not freeze and mice do not damage it. Most varieties of cherries begin to bear fruit in the third or fourth year after planting. A young tree needs good care, which consists in loosening the earth in the near-trunk circle, applying mineral fertilizers, regular watering, pruning branches and preventive treatments against diseases with a solution of Bordeaux mixture and copper oxychloride.
There are a large number (about 150) of cherry varieties that differ in fruit weight and taste, tree yield, disease resistance, frost resistance, and flowering and fruiting periods. Consider three varieties common in Russia.
Variety "Chocolate Girl"
Self-fertile, high-yielding variety, bred in Russia in 1996. Tree height up to two and a half meters. The annual growth is seventy centimeters in height. The fruits are dark burgundy almost black, weigh three and a half grams. The taste of berries is sweet and sour. Blooms in early May. The fruits ripen in mid-July. In cooking, it is widely used for making jam, jam, dried berries and compotes. This variety is cold hardy and drought tolerant.
It is considered a symbol of the City of Vladimir, where it has been cultivated since the sixteenth century. It is a tree consisting of several trunks, from three to five meters in height. The amount of harvest depends on the region of cultivation.
Up to twenty kilograms of berries can be harvested from each tree. The variety is self-infertile. In order to set fruit, you need a neighboring pollinator cherry variety that blooms at the same time as the self-infertile variety. The size of the fruit is small or larger, the color is dark red. The taste is sweet and sour, very pleasant. Berries are used to make jams and jams, dried and frozen. Planting and care conditions are the same as for most varieties.
Bred in Ukraine by folk selection, a hybrid of cherries and sweet cherries. Tall tree with a rounded crown, self-fertile. Fruiting is plentiful, from an adult tree, which begins to bear fruit in the sixth, seventh year of life, up to 45 kg of cherries are regularly harvested. Red fruits have a colorless, yellowish flesh with a sweet and sour taste. Fruit weight about 5 g. In addition to traditional preparations, this variety of cherries produces good quality wine.
Tree care and planting is no different from other varieties. The variety tolerates severe frosts well, bears fruit better with regular watering and the application of mineral fertilizers, as well as preventive measures against various diseases.
Fruit trees and shrubs Garden: trees and shrubs
description and photos of fruits and inflorescences
Botanical name : Cherry (Prunus subg. Gerasus), genus Plum, family Rosaceae.
Homeland of cherry: Crimea, Caucasus.
Lighting : photophilous. Soil: neutral, rich in humus.
Watering : moderate.
Maximum tree height : 5 m.
Life expectancy: 15-25 years.
Cherry tree color and inflorescences
Deciduous tree or shrub up to 3-4 m in height. The leaves are oblong, oval, alternate, pointed at the top, serrated or serrate along the edge, dark green, lighter below, up to 7 cm long and up to 5 cm wide. The flowers are white or pink, have a pleasant aroma. Cherry blossoms - umbrellas. During the flowering period, the branches of the tree are densely dotted. The fruit is a juicy, edible, red or black drupe containing one seed.
The tree does not grow wild. Cultivated for a very long time, from ancient times. Presumably it happened by crossing sweet cherries and steppe cherries. In total, there are about 150 varieties of cherries. Of these, 21 varieties grow in Russia.
Has valuable nutritional properties of fruits. Frost-resistant, able to endure harsh winters. Drought-resistant. Unpretentious to growing conditions. The first fruiting begins at the age of 3-4 years. At home, it reaches up to 10 m in height.
The closest relatives are sakura, plum, bird cherry and apricot.
Cherry photo is presented below on this page.
Today this plant is grown everywhere in Russia. Cultivated in Europe, America, Asia Minor, Canada. Used for decorative and household purposes.
Description of common cherry
Common cherry is the most widespread representative of its kind. It does not occur in the wild. Cultivated since ancient times.
According to its structure and features, it is divided into 2 forms: bushy and tree-like. Bushy varieties are distinguished by a spherical crown, branches lowered down, abundant shoot formation, dark, almost black fruits. Active fruiting lasts 10-18 years. The bushy form of cherry is characterized by a shallow occurrence of roots and their growth by 6-7 m in width. This form is more frost-resistant than the tree.
The roots of tree-like varieties penetrate deeper into the soil, almost do not spread in width.
Cherry fruit berry
Cherry fruit – sweet and sour berry. It is eaten fresh and processed. Berries can be frozen and dried. Dark burgundy fruits are dried, after removing the stalks. The berries are sorted, washed and blanched in a boiling solution of baking soda. After that, they are washed in cold water. Drying is carried out at a temperature of 40-45 ° C, until the berries become shriveled. The temperature is then raised to 80°C. The drying process lasts up to 12 hours.
Cherry fruit is used to make jam, compotes, added to confectionery. The fruits are rich in glucose, fructose, nitrogenous, ash and tannins, pectins, trace elements, organic acids, vitamins A, C, B and PP. Due to their beneficial properties, they have found application in traditional medicine. They quench thirst, improve digestion, and are a mild laxative. They are a natural antipyretic, do not cause side effects. They have expectorant action. Pectins cleanse the body of toxins and heavy metals.
When making jam, the pits of the berries should be removed because they contain amygdalin, a poisonous substance that breaks down in the body.
Contraindications to the use of cherry fruits
Berries are not recommended for use in case of stomach ulcer, intestinal disorders, diabetes mellitus and obesity. Before using the fruit for medicinal purposes, you should consult your doctor.
The cherry tree is a perennial crop. Some of its varieties grow tall bushy trees, reaching 4-5 m in height. Bushy forms grow up to 3 m. They are formed by 2-3 trunks.
The fruiting of a tree largely depends on the place of planting. In a favorable place, it can bear fruit abundantly for 15 years. Wrong choice of location leads to poor yields. Cherry prefers light, sandy, neutral soils. Two-year-old seedlings of a grafted tree are suitable for planting. Planting is best done in early autumn or early spring before bud break.
Regular care is required in the first years after planting in order to obtain good growth. It consists in regular loosening of the near-stem circle, watering and periodic top dressing.
The root system of the cherry is superficial, so the plant is sensitive to drought. In order not to damage the roots located close to the surface of the earth, loosening must be done very carefully using a garden fork. Damage to the roots negatively affects the development of seedlings and contributes to the appearance of numerous shoots in adulthood.
Young cherry trees are subjected to sanitary pruning, broken and dried branches are removed. In an adult plant, branches that have frozen and died in a harsh winter are cut to a healthy part. Pruning is done in summer.
After a harsh winter, growths of mushrooms sometimes appear on the trunk of a tree. In this case, the yield is significantly reduced. In order to avoid this, the plant is treated with preparations containing copper. The branches on which growths have formed are cut out.
Cherry is propagated by cuttings, layering and grafting. In group planting, trees are planted at a distance of 3 m from each other. When planted in 2 rows, at a distance of 4 m.
Application of cherry
Due to its beneficial properties, this plant is widely used in folk medicine. Cherry berries and leaves of this tree are of high value. The fruits contain coumarins, which reduce the risk of thrombosis and reduce blood clotting. In addition, ellagic acid was found in the berries, which prevents the formation of cancer cells, so the use of cherries is the prevention of cancer.
Leaves contain organic acids, sucrose, dextrose, coumarins. A substitute for tea is made from them, used for pickling vegetables.
Leaves used as a medicinal raw material are harvested after flowering or after they fall off on their own. Use fresh or dry for the winter. From the leaves collected in the spring, vitamin tea is brewed, which has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic properties.
It should be remembered that the bones contain amygdalin, which can lead to poisoning of the body. However, small amounts of the pits can be used to treat gout.
Cherry is a good honey plant. Dense stands of trees provide early nectar and pollen.
The plant is valued for its beautiful wood. The color of the wood of the cherry tree is pink-brown or pink-gray. Darkens over time. Has decorative value. Easy to handle. Used for making furniture and souvenirs.
The bark of the tree contains tannins. Used in the leather industry. Gum (cherry resin) flowing from stem cracks is used in the production of textiles.
Photo of cherry blossoms and sakura (Japanese cherry)
Spring in Japan is marked by cherry blossoms. Admiring its flowering is a long-standing Japanese tradition. And, indeed, the flowers blooming on the tree are an amazing sight. It is noteworthy that flowers cover still bare, leafless branches at the very beginning of spring. The photo of Japanese cherry blossoms below confirms the extraordinary beauty of sakura.