How tall are palm trees

5 Fascinating Facts About Palm Trees

They give us some much-needed shade during long lazy beach days, they create awesome photo backdrops for fun beach selfies, and they even create food! But there’s a lot more to these tropical treasures than meets the eye. To prove it, here are five fascinating facts about palm trees.

1. They’re ancient.

Palm trees can live to be hundreds of years old. So even if you planted a palm tree when you were a tiny baby, there’s still a very good chance it will outlive you!

Technically, palm trees are even older than pine trees, which can grow for thousands of years.

This is because like most trees, pines go through a secondary growth phase and replace all their old cells with new ones. But palm trees don’t go through a re-growth phase. This means a 500-year-old pine tree could be made up of two sets of 250-year-old cells, but the palm tree would be made of 1 set of 500-year-old cells.

2. They love the shade.

Really? Despite being well-known for being found in sunny beach locations, most varieties are perfectly happy growing in the shade and the younger palms even prefer it.

Planting a young palm tree under the shade of an older one is a great way to protect its delicate leaves until they’re strong enough to handle the heat.

3. It’s not all coconuts.

Açaí palm
Date Palm
Betel Nut Palm

Not all palm trees produce piña-colada-perfect coconuts. Some species create other delicious treats, like dates and acai berries. Some palms produce toxic nuts and seeds than can hurt your skin or poison you if you eat them. The Arenga and Caryotas species grow dangerous seeds containing oxalate which sting terribly if you touch them.

Nuts from the Betel Nut palm tree are commonly eaten by people in Thailand, despite them seriously damaging teeth and having addictive qualities.

It’s always better to be safe than sorry, so check what type of palm tree you’re dealing with before you dig in!

4. We need to take care of them.

One species of palm tree is so endangered that there is only one left. That’s right, a single tree.  Before it became the loneliest palm tree in the world, the Hyophorbe Amaricaulis was found exclusively on Mauritius where it thrived in the mountains. Today, the last remaining specimen of the tree is protected on the island nation by the Curepipe Botanic Gardens.

Sadly, it’s only a matter of time before the beautiful species becomes extinct, which is why we need to take care of the palm trees around us before history repeats itself.

5. One size doesn’t fit all.

The size of palm tree varies hugely according to the species. The average palm tree is 32-50 feet tall, which sounds pretty impressive, right?

The tallest species of palm tree in the world is the wax palm which can grow to a staggering height of 200 feet in its native home of the Andes.

Dypsis Minuta Palm. Source: Palmpedia

The smallest palm in the world is the Dypsis Minuta – a tiny species endemic to Madagascar that rarely grows over 12 inches.

The next time you’re relaxing on the soft golden sand enjoying the much-welcomed shade and the gently swaying fronds, remember that there’s a lot more to the wonderful tree than a bit of free shade and an Instagram shot guaranteed to get you some extra likes.

Learn about palm trees and every beach topic under the sun from because we ❤ the beach!

NICOLA QUINN is a British freelance writer based on the island of Tenerife in the Canary Islands. During the week she knuckles down and gets the job done, but on the weekend she spends her time soaking up the sunshine on the little volcanic island she calls home.

11 Fascinating Facts About Palm Trees

For tropical landscaping, nothing conjures up the idea of an island escape like a palm tree. If you live in an arid, Mediterranean climate and can find palms at your local garden center, it's likely that you're in a region suitable for growing palms.

Before deciding on a variety, however, you might want to learn more about the intriguing history of palm trees, as well as facts that are good to know or will help you decide whether you want to invest in a palm.

  • 01 of 11

    Palms Can Be Skyscrapers

    Tran Son / EyeEm / Getty Images

    Some palms can reach heights of 70 feet or much more. The Quindio wax palm (Ceroxylon quindiuense) is the tallest species and can grow 160 to 200 feet high. It is the national tree and emblem of Colombia and is now a protected species, which means it can't be used for logging.

    Other tall palms include:

    • Mexican fan palm (Washingtonia robusta), seen in the Los Angeles and Southern California area, can grow up to 98 feet tall.
    • Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera), a fast grower, can reach up to 80 feet.
  • 02 of 11

    The Palm Is a Symbol of Life

    De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images

    The Assyrians believed that the ultimate symbol of eternal life was a tree growing beside a stream. The tree they valued most was the palm.

  • 03 of 11

    Palms Are Biblical

    SuperStock / Getty Image

    On Palm Sunday, a week before Easter, Christians often carry palm fronds as part of a symbolic ritual that commemorates Jesus Christ's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, as foretold by the prophet Zechariah. According to the Bible, people cut branches from palm trees, laid them across Jesus' path, and waved them in the air.

  • 04 of 11

    Los Angeles Loves Palm Trees

    David Liu / Getty Images

    Franciscan missionaries are credited with being the first to plant palm trees in California for ornamental purposes. By the turn of the 20th century, Southern California gardeners were hot for exotic palm trees and introduced them to the area.

    The 1932 World Olympics in Los Angeles is believed by some historians to be the reason for palms being planted along streets and pretty much every public park and gathering place in the city. This beautification project gave jobs to some 400 unemployed men during the Great Depression. Approximately 40,000 Mexican fan palm trees were planted along 150 miles of city streets. Since then, they've become an icon of the region, along with the Hollywood sign, beaches, etc.

  • 05 of 11

    Some Palms Can Last a Century...or More

    De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images

    Depending on the species, some palms can live for more than a century. That means the palm you plant might outlive you. There is also recent evidence that, at the cellular level, palms may indeed be the oldest living trees because their cells are not replaced with new cells, as is the case with other trees.

  • 06 of 11

    It's Good to Wash Your Palms

    Phil Fisk / Getty Images

    Everyone knows that you water a tree at its base. Palms are no different, but shooting that hose up to its leaves also is beneficial, helping to knock off the dust and to dislodge insects such as scale, mites, and mealybugs that like to hide out in the long stems of some palms. Washing also provides much-needed humidity, since most palms are grown in dry regions.

  • 07 of 11

    Palms Grow in Containers

    Peter Carlsson / Getty Images

    Palms make great patio plants, as they grow they can be moved or replanted from a container to a more sunny location. Just make sure you have the right soil for a patio tree, along with a large enough container.

  • 08 of 11

    Young Palms Are Shade Lovers

    Jerry Pavia / Getty Images

    Younger palm trees prefer shade and most varieties will tolerate it when mature. Planting new palms under the canopy of other trees will protect their tender fronds.

  • 09 of 11

    Sago Palms Can Be Bonsai Trees

    DEA / C.SAPPA De Agostini Picture Library / Getty Images

    The sago palm is a dwarf tree that is not a palm but a relative of conifers and Ginkgo trees. It looks amazingly palm-like and is a popular type of plant used for bonsai trees. However, it is poisonous and should not be accessible to pets and children.

    Watch Now: How to Grow and Care for a Sago Palm

  • 10 of 11

    Trimming Palms Can Be Deadly

    CharlieRamos / Getty Images

    Trimming palm fronds is part of what keeps tree-trimming companies busy throughout the year, but this can be dangerous or even fatal work. Deaths have occurred when tree cutters have been suffocated by fronds that have slid down onto the worker and immobilized them. When this occurs, it's almost impossible for a worker to remove the fronds, because his or her body is pinned against the trunk with hundreds of pounds of pressure from the fronds. The fronds can force a worker's head and chin to his or her chest, resulting in suffocation.

    If the palms on your property need trimming, hire a company with experience in palm maintenance. When feasible, they should use bucket trucks or mobile cranes. When this equipment is not available or the location does not permit their use, there is a technique for trimming palms from above, so the trimmer won't be caught beneath a palm tree's skirt of fronds.

  • 11 of 11

    Not All Palms Have Edible Fruit

    Barry Winiker / Getty Images

    The fruits of many palms, such as coconuts and dates, are delicious. Others, such as sago, are poisonous to humans and animals. Know what type of palm tree the fruit comes from before taking a bite.

PALM | Encyclopedia Around the World

PALMS, arecaceae (Palmae, Palmaceae, Arecaceae), a family of trees, shrubs and vines growing in subtropical and tropical regions. Among the most famous species are coconut and date palms. The Indo-Malayan and Guiano-Brazilian regions are considered the main centers of origin. According to rough estimates, the family includes 4000 species from more than 200 genera. According to the structure of the leaves, fan palms (for example, Washingtonia) and pinnate palms (for example, coconut and date palms) are distinguished. In principle, in appearance, representatives of this family are easy to distinguish from all others; only cycads and some tree-like lilies, in particular dracaena, are similar to them. Most palm trees are trees up to 30 m high, but shrubs 0.9 high are also known.–1.2 m, as well as creepers with climbing lignified stems up to 180 m long.

Palms are evergreen plants with leaves continuously formed on top of the stem. In some species, the stem (caudex) is one non-branching, in others, several trunks extend from the stump (especially if the plant is affected by frosts), but branching palms are also known, for example, doom palm ( Hyphaena ) from Egypt. The flowers are small, usually numerous in large inflorescences, often branching and sometimes reaching more than a meter in length. Inflorescences develop either in the crown between the leaves, or directly on the stem under the crown, or (more rarely) above it. Perianth more or less leathery, green or yellowish, the number of segments, stamens and carpels is a multiple of three. The size and structure of the fruits depend on the species; the fruits are mostly drupe-shaped or berry-shaped, and can be the size of a pea or a coconut. Several types of palms die after the only fruiting in their life (monocarpics).

Palm trees are of great economic importance: they produce edible fruits, sugar, building material, oil, wax, starch, fiber and ornamental wood. One of their most valuable species is the coconut palm. Young specimens of many palms are grown in pots as ornamentals and serve as a common decoration for interiors, especially public places. Sometimes palm trees are bred as houseplants. In the tropics and subtropics, palm trees are widely used for landscaping. The number of species in culture is small. Some of them are introduced as ornamentals in the mild temperate zone. Many subtropical species, such as the sabal palm from the southeastern United States, can withstand significant frosts. Some palms in cultivation can be propagated vegetatively by offspring formed at the base of the plant. This method is recommended in the case of the date palm, as it ensures that the achieved level of yield and fruit quality is maintained in generations.

Palm trees, depending on the species, grow in different climate areas, on dry or wet soil, in the shade of other trees or under the scorching sun. Palm trees common in greenhouses, in particular kentia, or howea ( Howea ), with long, openwork pinnate leaves, are well adapted to the conditions of protected ground and require only normal watering, drainage and cleanliness, since dust and insects are contraindicated for them. Transplanting into open ground is best done in spring or autumn - during the warm season, when the root system is active.

Every geographic region where palm trees grow has an endemic taxa. For the Eastern and Western hemispheres, only two common species are known, and for the New and Old Worlds, only one is known - the coconut palm. The species seen in parks, streets and private gardens in both temperate and tropical regions are usually introduced from other regions. In Europe, only one local species is known - squat hamerops ( Hamaerops humilis ), a short tree (usually 0.9-1.5 m, but sometimes more than 6 m) with basal offspring and fan leaves, common in the Mediterranean. Several horticultural varieties have been bred. In the USA, from the Colorado desert in southern California to Florida, approx. 20 native palm species from 10 genera. Mostly small trees or shrubs. Exceptions are washingtonia and royal palm, which are very tall, and sabal, which in the southern parts of the range reaches a height of more than 23 m.

bone palm, palmyra palm, sago palm, thrinax and washingtonia.

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The tallest palm in the world

The Ceroxylon quindiuense (Quindiy wax palm) is the national tree of Colombia. It grows only in the highlands of the Kokora Valley and is the tallest monocot plant in the world.

Naturally, Ceroxylon quindiuense is also considered to be the palm that grows at the highest altitudes. Kokora is the only place where it grows. In height, a palm tree can reach fifty meters, and the life span can even exceed 120 years. The total area of ​​the palm valley is more than sixty thousand square kilometers. Altitude difference - from 1800 to 2400 meters above sea level. The regular felling of palm trees for wax forced the government to issue a decree banning felling, with penalties up to and including execution.

But let's talk about it in more detail...

The Cocora Valley is the most amazing tourist destination in Colombia. It is located in the Condio Valley department and is part of the Nevados Natural Reserve, which covers an area of ​​58,000 ha (580 km2) in total, including the northeastern part of Condio. The name of the valley, according to some sources, comes from the name of the Quimbayan princess or the name of a local bird.

The great pride of the valley is the wax palm growing here - the main plant symbol of Colombia. It grows up to 50 meters in height and is considered the tallest tree in the world. The wax of this palm tree provides a habitat for many of the inhabitants of the fauna, namely the yellow-eared parrot, the species of which is endangered. Other inhabitants of the fauna also live in the valley, such as: spectacled bear, mountain tapir, hummingbird. Also, wax from the stem was used to make candles, the outer part of the stem was used to build houses. Thus, the number of palms has been drastically reduced, so the whole range of flora and fauna is under the protection of Colombia's national park status.

The climate in the Kokora Valley is mostly warm, with occasional westerly winds from the Pacific, creating a humid environment for rainforest growth, at high altitudes it rains almost daily. The temperature changes very drastically, even within one day. The average annual temperature is 15°C, with a maximum of 25°C and a minimum of -2°C

It is a very nice place for camping, horseback riding, hiking, mountain biking, swimming in rivers and other activities. In the local restaurants of the valley, you can taste baked trout in various sauces. Cocora is the most beautiful valley in Colombia.

Local farmers are mainly engaged in breeding cows and goats, as well as growing coffee, as part of this area is part of the famous Colombian Zona Cafetera. 90 percent of coffee is exported. Therefore, it is very difficult to find really good coffee in Colombia, even in the holy of holies.

The Kokora Valley can be reached as follows. From Medellin or Bogota by bus to Armenia, and from Armenia to the town of Salento, where there are hotels and everything you need. You can get a good view of the valley and mountains by going on a modest 5-hour hike along the Acaime and La Montana tracks. After 4.5 hours of exhaustion, you come out just to the valley, which spreads below in all its emerald splendor. If you do not have your own transport, then at 9in the morning, a jeep leaves from the main square of Salento.






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