How tall can a mustard tree grow

20 Mind-blowing Mustard Tree Facts That You Probably Didn’t Know

Last Updated on May 17, 2022

The mustard, scientifically known as Salvadora perisica, is a popular evergreen shrub that can grow to a height of 20 feet and produce a crown nearly as wide.

But as you shall find, the actual size of a mature mustard tree largely depends on the specific plant variety and growing conditions. Some trees can grow to a paltry six feet tall, whereas others can achieve an impressive height of 30 feet.

If you’re planning to add a mustard tree to your home garden, it’s prudent to begin by learning everything there is to know about the plant. And if you’re looking for a resourceful guide into mustards, then you’re in luck.

In this post, we highlight 20 interesting facts about the mustard tree. Some of these are basic details that any aspiring mustard cultivator would need to know. Others are simply mind-blowing mustard facts that might make you fall deeper in love with these exotic bushes.

Table of Contents

    • 1. Tree size and leaf appearance
    • 2. Flower and fruit appearance
    • 3. Origin
    • 4. Etymology
    • 5. Ideal growing conditions
    • 6. Varieties
    • 7. Cultivation requirements
    • 8. Growth stages
    • 9. Maturation
    • 10. Lifespan
    • 11. Reproduction
    • 12. Uses
    • 13. Spiritual benefits
    • 14. Safety concerns
    • 15. Production
    • 16. Consumption
    • 17. Recognition in art
    • 18. Recognition in literature
    • 19. Recognition in linguistics
    • 20. Mustard seeds aren’t the smallest
  • Conclusion

1. Tree size and leaf appearance

As we’ve just mentioned, mustards can grow to a height of 20 feet and spread nearly as wide. Depending on varieties and climatic conditions, some mustard trees can grow to be as short as 6 feet or as tall as 30 feet.

Mustard trees produce oval leaves, which usually appear in sets of two on opposite ends of the stem. The leaves generally start out as dark-green but continually progress to yellowish-green as the tree ages.

Mustard leaves are fairly fleshy and succulent. A regular leaf can measure 3 inches long and 1 inch wide.

2. Flower and fruit appearance

Mustards are flowering plants. They produce small green or yellowish flowers along 12-inch-long tendrils.

The flowers eventually develop into ½-inch-diameter pink or scarlet berries, which are distinguishable by their striking translucency.

3. Origin

The mustard tree originated in Persia (modern-day Iran). The shrub is still fairly widespread around this region.

Other common places you’ll find the mustard tree include in the Orient, northern Africa, and the East Indies.

However, due to its incredible resilience and adaptability, mustard is now common in various countries around the world. The tree is commercially cultivated in Canada, the US, the UK, and Denmark.

4. Etymology

The word mustard comes from two Latin words “mustum ardens,” which loosely translates to ‘burning wine.

That’s due to the unique flavor that results from mixing powdered mustard seeds with wine grapes.

5. Ideal growing conditions

Mustards thrive in hot and arid climate, which happens to be the very conditions that prevail in the tree’s native region – Iran. The trees also do well in well-draining, sandy soil.

However, mustards are highly prone to mold growth. Therefore, they’re least suited for humid conditions.

In the United States, mustards thrive in the south, within hardlines zones 7 through 11.

6. Varieties

There are around 40 different mustard varieties. The most common ones include the white, black, and brown mustards.

Besides these three major varieties, there are numerous other mustard cultivars. Examples include Florida Broadleaf, Southern Giant Curled, Green Wave, Red Giant, Tendergreen, to mention but a few.

7. Cultivation requirements

Mature mustards are relatively low-maintenance plants. However, the trees may benefit from early care.

For off, it’s important to begin by soaking mustard seeds to ensure quick germination. It’s also recommended to grow the seeds in nursery pots and care for them for a couple of weeks before transplanting them to the garden.

When planting mustard seedlings, be sure to clear the site of any weeds and bushes. Then, plant the trees about 12 to 15 feet apart.

Next, water the plants regularly (preferably weekly) to encourage root penetration. In the same breath, note that mustard roots are deep-penetrating and water-seeking. Therefore, avoid planting mustards near septic systems as their roots may cause damage.

8. Growth stages

Mustard trees go through eight growth stages during their life cycle.

They include:

• Germination
• Leaf development
• Stem elongation
• Inflorescence emergence
• Flowering
• Fruit development
• Ripening
• Senescence

9. Maturation

Mustards are among the fastest-growing garden trees out there.

The plants typically cover the ground within four to five weeks of planting them. By this time, the roots are usually already firmly grounded into the soil.

Yellow mustard varieties can reach full maturity in as few as 80 days. Other varieties, such as the brown and Oriental mustards, normally mature within 90 to 95 days.

In terms of flowering, you can expect the first mustard blossoms within six weeks.

10. Lifespan

Most mustard varieties are annual plants. Which implies that they have one life cycle in one year (or within their 80 – 95 days lifespan).

However, some varieties are biennial – have two life cycles in a year.

11. Reproduction

Mustards are bisexual plants, which implies that an individual mustard tree can have both male and female reproductive organs.

However, the trees are somewhat inefficient at self-pollination. They mostly rely on insects like bees to pollinate them.

12. Uses

The mustard tree has a variety of applications. Extracts from the plant are widely used in the manufacture of toothbrushes. That’s due to the tree’s antibacterial properties, which may come in handy in preventing plaque.

Mustard fruits and seeds may also be consumed as nutritious supplements. They can be eaten raw or used as ingredients in various cuisines. The seeds have been cited for their abundance in dietary fiber as well as vitamins A and C, calcium, iron, potassium, magnesium, and selenium. In places like the Punjab regions, dried mustard fruits are popular flavor enhancers and appetite boosters.

Notable medical conditions that mustard may help with include:

• Blood disorders like hypertension
• Headaches and migraine
• Rheumatism
• Asthma

Mustard is also considered an ornamental plant and makes an excellent addition to home gardens. It’s especially noted for its low branches and wide spread, which may provide a natural shade in your home garden.

13. Spiritual benefits

Besides their immense therapeutic and nutritional applications, mustards may also have spiritual uses.

In India and Denmark, it’s believed that spreading mustard seeds along the perimeter of a house may help to ward off evil spirits.

14. Safety concerns

Numerous studies have found that mustard oil could be unsafe for human consumption.

According to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA), mustard oil contains erucic acid. Long-term consumption of this acid may cause heart disease.

15. Production

Although mustards are native to Asia, Canada holds the record for the world’s largest manufacturer of mustard seeds.

The country accounts for up to 50% of globally consumed mustard seeds.

16. Consumption

Mustards are among the world’s most widely consumed plants. About 700 million pounds of mustard-based products are consumed worldwide every year.

North America accounts for the highest percentage of the world’s annual mustard consumption.

17. Recognition in art

Did you know that the Mount Horeb Mustard Museum in Wisconsin is dedicated exclusively to the mustard tree?

The museum boasts over 5,000 jars of mustard plants drawn from over 60 countries and 50 states.

18. Recognition in literature

The Bible is probably the earliest literature material where the mustard plant is widely mentioned. Classic examples of Biblical allusions to the mustard are found in the Parables of Jesus in the gospel books.

A 1912 book, titled “The Mustard Tree: An Argument on Behalf of the Divinity of Christ,” also contains numerous references to the mustard.

19. Recognition in linguistics

There’s a popular saying that goes “can’t cut the mustard.” It basically means ‘can’t live up to a challenge.’

However, language experts have been struggling to find a nexus between this phrase and mustards. That’s especially considering how remarkably easy it is to slice or even cultivate the plant.

20. Mustard seeds aren’t the smallest

Mustard seeds are widely considered the smallest seeds in the plant kingdom. The seeds measure about 2 millimeters in diameter. In fact, according to the Bible, you only need faith the size of a mustard seed to move mountains.

But unknown to many people, mustard seeds aren’t the smallest seeds available. With their 2 mm diameter, mustard seeds are still significantly bigger than orchid seeds.

Have you been toying with the idea of adding a mustard tree to your home garden but didn’t have enough incentive to do so?

Well, after going through the various fascinating facts about mustards, we hope you can finally make the decision from a point of information.

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Garden Guides | Mustard Tree Facts

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By: Jack S. Waverly

21 September, 2017

mustard seeds image by Alistair Dick from <a href=''></a>

The mustard tree has been grown and written about by various cultures for centuries. Mustard trees have been found in various locations throughout the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. The seeds are one of the smallest in the world and is considered a spice in many parts of the world, making its way along trading routes during history.


The mustard tree is labeled Salvadora perisica in scientific communities. The plant is classified by horticulturalists as an evergreen shrub. The mustard tree reaches a height of 20 feet and can be as wide as it is tall with low branches being very close to the ground. The leaves are oval; starting out as dark green and progressing to a light green as the tree ages. The flower is green or yellow and is found in long tendrils. The fruit of the tree is purple with pink or purple seeds.

  • The mustard tree has been grown and written about by various cultures for centuries.
  • The mustard tree reaches a height of 20 feet and can be as wide as it is tall with low branches being very close to the ground.


Persia, now Iran, is where mustard trees originated. Because of this, the tree grows best in hot, arid climates with well-draining sandy soil. Other areas where mustard trees are found include the Orient, East Indies and northern Africa. Mustard trees can be grown in the United States but only within hardiness zones 7 through 11 (mainly in the south). Mustard trees cannot grow well in humid climates where the tree may become stunted and have problems with mold.


Mustard trees have a variety of uses. Toothbrushes are made from the branches in rural communities because they contain properties that resist bacteria and plaque. The fruit is eaten for nutrition as well as the seeds; the Punjab region uses the fruit as a dried sweet similar to currants. Landscapers use mustard trees for shading because of the low branches and low-growing height. Animals can feed on the tree shoots.

  • Persia, now Iran, is where mustard trees originated.
  • Toothbrushes are made from the branches in rural communities because they contain properties that resist bacteria and plaque.


Mustard trees have been used in literature for centuries. The best known is the Bible where it is included in parables and writings of the disciples Mark, Peter and Luke. Various books have been written with mustard trees being in the title of the book. A 1912 title, "The Mustard Tree: An Argument on Behalf of the Divinity of Christ," by O.R. Vassall Phillips is one example. Most works which use the mustard tree as part of the literature base themselves on, or describe the use of the tree in, the Bible.


The different types of mustard trees produce varying seeds. The white mustard tree produces a round seed that is used for mild flavoring and pickling. The black mustard tree also produces hard round seeds; these seeds are more spicy compared to white mustard seeds. Brown mustard trees produce seeds similar to black mustard trees but the seeds have less flavor and is often used in fried foods. Seeds from these trees can also be crushed and used as a spice for meat, deviled eggs, baked beans and succotash.

  • Mustard trees have been used in literature for centuries.
  • The white mustard tree produces a round seed that is used for mild flavoring and pickling.
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MUSTARD IS DIFFERENT | Science and life

Science and life // Illustrations

Sarepta mustard (Brassica juncea). Black mustard (Brassica nigra). White mustard (Sinapis alba).

Volnushka mustard leaf lettuce. Large juicy, curly leaves at the edges are rich in vitamins, calcium and iron salts. When boiled, they lose their bitterness and can be a side dish for meat and fish dishes, they also go to soup, they taste like cabbage.

Mustard greens are easy to grow in winter on damp filter paper or damp cloth in a shallow plastic dish.

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It would seem that each of us knows from childhood what mustard is, but only a few will answer the question of where it comes from and when it first appeared.

Mustard is one of the oldest plants known to man. There is already a mention of it in the Bible: "A small mustard seed... gives a huge tree..." Of course, this is an exaggeration. Nevertheless, the white mustard used in the Mediterranean in good conditions reaches a height of one and a half meters.

Mustard was well known to the ancient Greeks. In 33 B.C. The Persian commander Darius sent his opponent Alexander the Great as a challenge to battle a bag of sesame seeds, which was supposed to symbolize the number of his troops. Alexander immediately answered this with a small bag of mustard seeds, implying that although his army was smaller in number, they were more "hot" in battle. But Hippocrates has already begun to use mustard as a medicine.

Roman legionnaires spread mustard throughout Europe. In ancient Roman cooking, condensed juice of unripe grapes was widely used - must, which has a pleasant sour taste. Must with the addition of crushed mustard seeds was called burning must - must ardum, then this name was transferred to the mustard itself and was preserved in most European languages. These are, for example, English mustard, Polish musztarda, French moutarde. Moreover, in the Polish language, mustard is called only seasoning, and the plant itself, just like us, mustard. The name "mustard" adopted in Russian indicates the most important feature of the plant - it is bitter, or rather not bitter, but burning, and all its parts have the same taste and it appears only as a result of a chemical reaction occurring in crushed seeds or other plant tissues. The glycoside sinigrin contained in them is cleaved by the enzyme myrosin into sugar, acidic potassium sulphate and allyl mustard oil, which has a specific smell and a burning taste. A two percent solution of mustard essential oil is called mustard alcohol and is used in medicine as a local irritant along with mustard plasters. Since the cleavage of sinigrin occurs under the action of the enzyme myrosin, and the enzymes are of a protein nature, its action depends on temperature. Enzymes have maximum activity at 37-40 o C, and at 42 o C and above, they are inactivated, irreversibly breaking down. Therefore, by pouring mustard with boiling water, we stop this process, and the mustard turns out to be relatively soft in taste, and the scalded greens do not burn at all, resembling ordinary cabbage in taste.

The taste of mustard in different countries is determined by the habits of the local population. Really burning mustard is used in Russia and Poland. In most European countries and the USA, weak or even almost completely sweet mustard with a lot of additives is preferred.

The oldest center of mustard production is the French city of Dijon, where it has been produced since 1634. At the time of Dumas, the firm "Malle" (Maille), located in this city and serving the high society, produced 24 different varieties of mustard, of which, according to the writer, the varieties with garlic, truffles, anchovies and tarragon were the most exquisite. However, Dumas himself, who was a big fan of food and even wrote a culinary dictionary (see "Science and Life Nos. 7-11, 1999; Nos. 2, 4, 11, 12, 2000), preferred soft mustard , known as "ladies", another, but also a Dijon company, owned by Alexander Bornibus. It was flavored with tarragon and produced in special pots of Sevres porcelain with an inscription that can be translated as "contents worthy of packaging." To this day, Dijon mustard is considered almost the best in Europe.One of its varieties - the most burning on a European scale - is significantly inferior in this indicator to even the softest of Russian mustards. 0003

Mustard, produced since 1777, is still produced in France and is especially popular, the recipe of which includes white wine. It is sold in beautiful jars or special-shaped pots.

In England, the center of mustard production until the 17th century was Tewkesbury, where they produced a powder consisting of lightly crushed mustard seeds, which was then mixed with apple juice, cider or vinegar to form a paste. Mustards of this type are still produced under the name of mustards according to an old recipe. At the beginning of the 18th century, a certain Mrs. Clements from Durham began to make fine mustard powder and deliver it from city to city. The new product was recognized even by the royal court. At the beginning of the 19th century, a young miller from Norfolk, Jeremiah Coleman, began to produce a similar powder. Coleman's firm still exists today.

Less spicy (made from white mustard seeds), with a lot of sugar added, and the thinnest of all mustards, American mustard is considered.

Original fruit mustard produced in Italy. It consists of mustard powder, canned fruit, honey and white wine.

In Russia, the first mention of mustard appeared in 1781 in the work of the famous agronomist A. T. Bolotov "On the beating of mustard oil and its usefulness." Mustard oil has been recommended for rubbing against cramps in the arms and legs. Already then, mustard plasters were well known, which, if necessary, were prepared in each family.


Mustard is usually called three different plants, of which botanists consider only one to be real mustard, the other two belong to the cabbage genus.

White mustard differs from the other two species both in size and in stiff pubescence along the stem and leaves. Its mature pods, also pubescent, are located perpendicular to the stem. Seeds - straw-yellow, spherical. In England, when describing "common mustard", they list the features of this particular species, including light seeds and pods that are flat at the end. The English physician and founder of herbal medicine in English-speaking countries N. Culpepper (1616-1654) wrote that the wine decoction of its seeds "resists the action of poison, the harmfulness of fly agaric and the poison of snakes and other poisonous creatures." He recommended the application of mustard seeds to relieve the pain of sciatica, gout, rheumatism, and sciatica. Until now, in some countries, in a pharmacy, you can buy an anti-radiculitis belt made of mustard seeds sewn into the fabric, which is worn on the body. Its shelf life is three years from the date of collection of seeds.

White mustard originates from the Mediterranean, from where the plant spread almost throughout the Northern Hemisphere, including India and Japan, as well as in America. In India, white mustard is grown in the north as a vegetable, young leaves which is used in winter. In Russia, this mustard appeared only in the XVIII century. in the Lower Volga region. Now it is mainly sown in the Non-Black Earth region as a fodder plant. or green manure. As a fertilizer, it is recommended to grow on garden plots, since the plant gives in a short time from each square meter 2-3 kg of greens. They just dig it up, and it rots. Can speed up decay with bacterial fertilizers. This method makes it possible to quickly restore soil fertility.

In addition, white mustard is used as a good honey plant, as well as for the production of mustard oil.

Another type of mustard is gray mustard, or sarepta. The homeland of this plant is East China, where it was introduced into culture, selecting the best forms from nature. The Indians borrowed blue mustard from China, and in India there is one of the primary centers for the cultivation of this crop, from where it also moved to Russia. Mustard got its Russian name from the city of Sarepta in the Volga region, where in 1765 immigrants from Germany, who arrived at the invitation of Catherine II, founded the first plant to produce mustard oil. Currently, Sarepta is one of the districts of Volgograd. Sarepta mustard has long been considered the best in the world, and the plant itself is often called Russian mustard in Europe. Now this oil crop occupies the fourth place in our country after sunflower, oil flax and soybeans. During the processing of its seeds, edible oil, mustard essential oil, cake for the production of mustard powder and livestock feed are obtained. Even the husk is used as fuel.

Mustard oil has a beautiful dark green color and a specific but pleasant taste. To get rid of the hotness, the oil is heated, after which it is used in the confectionery, baking and pharmaceutical industries, as well as in the preparation of canned food, margarine.

Sarepta mustard is also grown in garden plots as a green vegetable. There is a zoned variety Volnushka with folded delicate leaves of a slightly burning taste. The mustard sown in July is especially good. It needs a long day to bloom. In autumn, when the days are short and the humidity is high, huge bushes of greens develop, which can be used both for salads and as a substitute for cabbage. In appearance, this plant occupies an intermediate position between white and black mustard. It does not have pubescence, unlike white, and its pods are located obliquely, not clinging to the stem, but not perpendicular to it. The stem is covered with a bluish wax coating. Seeds from one plant can be partly dark, like black mustard, and partly light. The taste of this mustard is burning, unlike white, which is often bitter. In India, this mustard has been cultivated over large areas as an oilseed since the 2nd-3rd millennium BC. e. There it is called rai. Used in medicine and in religious ceremonies. Its seeds are used along with black mustard seeds as a spice, but they are added to dishes only whole, after a little frying in oil, after which they acquire a slightly nutty taste.

And another type of mustard - black mustard, an ancient cultivated plant from Europe, now known in many countries. It has smooth stems, pubescent only at the bottom and pods tightly pressed to the stem. Seeds - black, go for the production of oil and mustard, and are also used in medicine. The famous Dijon mustard is prepared from the seeds of a plant of this particular species, but peeled, as a result of which it acquires a very light color. Dark mustard (including our domestic mustard) is obtained from seeds ground together with the shell.

Now black mustard is almost universally replaced by Sarepta, as it is more productive.


All mustards, especially black mustard, are excellent honey plants. Seed powder is also used as an insecticide: it effectively acts on leaf-eating insects.

Fat-free seeds are used to prepare medical mustard plasters, and since mustard is one of the most powerful bactericidal agents and perfectly emulsifies fats, it is used to wash pharmacy and even injection glassware. The ability of mustard to emulsify fats is used to prepare a wide variety of sauces, including mayonnaise.

Mustard is also used in marinades, its seeds are not only added to preparations sharpness, but also protect them from the appearance of mold. There are numerous recipes for pickles and other marinades, which also include whole seeds, and mustard powder.

See the issue on the same topic art. "Homemade mustard"

Quick answer: how long mustard grow?


ByBenjamin Noah

Mustard is an ancient plant, very attractive to modern gardeners. Plants are easy to grow and produce seeds. only 60 days . The greens are edible, the flowers are attractive, and if you let the seeds mature on the plant, they will self-seed and still produce a lot of mustard.

How fast does a mustard plant grow?

Mustard greens grow fast and can be harvested in just 40 days. The most popular cleaning method is the re-pruning method.

How long does it take for a mustard seed to turn into a mustard tree?

After the germination period, mustard plants should grow rapidly. Yellow mustard ripens from 80 to 85 days, oriental and brown - from 90 to 95 days. Within 4-5 weeks after sowing, plants cover the ground and flower buds usually appear within 6 weeks.

Is mustard difficult to grow?

This versatile plant can be grown as a vegetable and eaten like other herbs, or when it blooms mustard seeds can be harvested and used as a culinary spice or ground into a popular spice. Learning how to grow mustard seeds is easy and rewarding.

How long does it take for mustard seeds to germinate?

Seeds should germinate in 5-10 days. When you reach the maximum size, plant 3-4 seeds in each place where you want the plant to grow.

Does mustard grow fast?

Mustard grows quickly so you can start harvesting the leaves in about 4 weeks when they are 6 to 8 inches long. Left alone, the leaves reach their full size, 15 to 18 inches long, in about 6 weeks.

How big is a mustard plant?

Plants reach a maximum height of 1.5 to 2 meters (5 to 6 meters). one / two legs) when its flowers wither and numerous green seed pods appear on the branches. Brown mustard pods contain up to 20 berries, white mustard pods - up to 8 berries.

Can you turn a mustard seed into a tree?

What does a mustard seed look like? Mustard seeds are known to be small. They are the subject of parables and praises because their little mustard seed grows into a great mustard tree or bush and inspires great things from the very beginning.

Is mustard a tree or a bush?

Gardeners classify the plant as an evergreen shrub. The mustard tree reaches a height of 20 feet and can be as wide as it is tall, with low branches very close to the ground.

How big is a mustard tree?

Mustard Shrub Stems Mustard shrubs reach an average mature height of 6 to 20 feet at a length of 20 feet, although exceptional plants can reach 30 feet in height under ideal conditions. They have a spreading appearance, with several stems, with a structure of drooping or loose branches.

How much sun does mustard green need?

Ideally they like to be in the sun for six to eight hours a day. Once you plant them in their favorite medium enriched with clay with lots of organic matter, you won't have to water your mustard greens as often as you would when growing them in sandy soil.

What makes mustard seeds germinate?

Mustard grows well in most soils, but produces most seeds in rich, well-drained, well-prepared soils with a pH of at least 6.0. It will thrive if kept in constant moisture. He loves cool weather; a light frost can even enhance the taste. Black mustard is the least pretentious.

Can mustard seeds be germinated in a jar?

Place three tablespoons of wild mustard seeds in the bottom of a wide-mouthed cup (believe it or not, those three tablespoons make up almost a full cup of buds, so don't be tempted to add more).

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