How tall do bartlett pear trees grow


How to Grow Bartlett Pear Trees (Williams Pear Trees)

Bartlett pear trees are famous for their yellow-green, sweet fruits. Also known as Williams pear trees in Britain, these trees are a cultivar of Pyrus communis. Available in both standard and dwarf height varieties, Bartlett pear trees reach a mature height of 15 feet to 20 feet. 

Each year, Bartlett pear trees burst forth in a bloom of showy white flowers before their leaves appear. In late summer (about three to five months past the peak of full bloom) these flowers produce delicious, juicy pears. Unlike other fruit trees, the pear tree grows in a conical shape, similar to a spruce tree. Green, oval-shaped leaves that measure up to three inches long and have a very fine-toothed edge fill the tree's canopy during the growing season.

Common Name Bartlett Pear Tree, Williams Pear Tree
Botanical Name Pyrus communis
Family Rosaceae
Plant Type Tree, Fruit
Mature Size 20 ft. tall (standard), 15 ft. tall (dwarf), 20 ft. wide (standard), 10 ft. wide (dwarf)
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Loamy, clay, moist but well-drained
Soil pH Acidic
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color White
Hardiness Zones 5-7, USA
Native Area Europe

Bartlett Pear Tree Care

Once established, Bartlett pear trees are relatively easy to care for and do not require much attention. They prefer moist, well-draining soil and a consistent watering schedule. Though Bartlett pears are partially self-fruitful, meaning they will produce fruits on their own, they do best with a compatible nearby pear tree for pollination, such as Kieffer, Moonglow, or Stark pear-tree varieties. After planting, Bartlett pear trees will take a few years to establish and begin producing fruit. However, once these trees are established—after at least two years—they produce abundant fruit. In fact, Bartlett pear trees have been known to continue producing fruit for over 100 years. 

When fruits appear, wait until the fruit is mature but still unripe to pick. If the fruits are left on the tree, they may become too soft and take on a mealy texture. Bartlett pears are non-toxic to pets, but the seeds contain cyanide. You should never feed your pet pear seeds.

Bartlett pears are generally problem-free. However, they may contend with fire blight.  

Light

Bartlett pear trees require lots of sunshine for blossom and fruit production. Choose a location where these trees will get six to eight hours of direct sunlight daily. 

Soil

These fruit trees are sensitive to dry conditions and salt in the soil. They require moist, well-draining, heavy soils. Soil pH levels should be slightly acidic.  

Water

In order to remain healthy and produce juicy fruit, Bartlett pear trees need regular watering. Plan to irrigate these trees on a weekly basis. A drought or dry spells means trouble for the Bartlett pear tree, so be sure to give extra water during periods of no rain. 

Temperature and Humidity

Bartlett pears can be grown in USDA hardiness zones 5 to 7. They require cold winters and must experience around 800 hours of ‘chill hours.’ More technically known as vernalization, chill hours are tallied when the air temperature is between 32 degrees and 45 degrees Fahrenheit. Temperatures below 32 degrees Fahrenheit don’t count towards chill hours and temperatures above 60 degrees Fahrenheit are subtracted from the accumulated chill hours.

Fertilizer

Yearly fertilizing will keep the Bartlett pear tree strong and producing plenty of fruit. It is best to give fertilizer in the spring. A well-balanced, slow-release fertilizer specifically formulated for fruit trees is ideal. Beware of too much fertilizer, as this will encourage the tree to grow more foliage rather than fruit.  

Pruning 

To keep a pear tree healthy and manageable in size, plan to prune each year during the tree’s dormancy. You start pruning the first year that the tree is planted. Choose a main leading trunk or branch and trim all other branches so that they are 5 to 8 inches apart. Each branch should spiral around the trunk with no branch being directly above another. Remove any branches that grow below 18 inches from the ground. Because young branches are weak, they may need to be tied to more mature branches until they are strong. 

Each subsequent year, continue to maintain this spiral of branches. Trim away any lateral growth that is pointing inwards, as this will cause airflow problems. Then trim away the tops of any main growth branches that are not the selected main branch. These can be identified where the branch has forked, creating lateral growth, and the main branch continues upward without any more lateral growth. Trim this branch right above the last lateral growth. This will encourage the branches of the tree to grow strong while ensuring proper airflow and light penetration through the branches.  

Tip

If you are pruning to maximize fruit production, you should prune to prioritize long, straight lateral branches where fruit is most likely to grow.

Propagating Bartlett Pear Trees

Propagating Bartlett pear trees can be done through cuttings. This method will work with softwood cuttings and semi-hardwood cuttings. Softwood cuttings are taken in the spring or early summer. These root easier than semi-hardwood cuttings, but also tend to dry out easier. Semi-hardwood cuttings are taken in late summer to early fall when new growth is beginning to harden. These do not root as quickly but do not dry out as easily. You will need a sharp pair of garden snips, a small pot, moist but well-draining soil, rooting hormone, a plastic bag, and a rubber band. Then follow these instructions:

  1. Choose a cutting that is around six to eight inches long. Trim below a node at a 45-degree angle. 
  2. Remove any leaves or buds along the bottom half of the cutting. 
  3. Scrape away the bark on the bottom inch or two of the cutting, then dip the exposed end into rooting hormone.
  4. Plant the cutting into moist, well-draining soil or a soilless medium. 
  5. Place the plastic bag over the tree, securing it to the pot with the rubber band.
  6. Place the cutting in indirect sunlight and keep it warm.  
  7. Mist the soil and cutting daily. Air out the plastic bag once in a while to prevent the development of mildew. 
  8. Roots may take a few weeks to a few months to develop. 
  9. Once strong roots and new growth appear, repot the new tree into a larger pot. Remove any flower buds that form.
  10. The following year, harden off the tree until it is strong enough to be planted into the garden. 

How to Grow Bartlett Pear Trees From Seed

Starting Bartlett pear trees from seed is not ideal, as the resulting tree may not have the same characteristics as the parent tree. However, it is still a viable option with great rewards. If you would like to grow a pear tree from seed, follow these instructions:

  1. Take dry pear seeds and wrap them in a damp paper towel. Place these in a plastic bag in the refrigerator for two to three months. It is best to use several seeds, as not all of them will germinate. 
  2. After a few months, remove the seeds from the refrigerator and plant them in small pots with well-draining, moist soil. Each seed should be planted in its own pot. Lightly cover the seeds about an inch deep. 
  3. Place the pots in a sunny location and keep the soil moist. To help maintain humidity, a plastic dome or plastic bag can be used to cover the pot. 
  4. Germination should occur in a few months. If a dome is used, remove it once growth appears. The following year, the new trees can be planted into the garden.   

Overwintering

Bartlett pear trees require cold temperatures to thrive and produce fruit each year. Therefore, very little attention is required for these trees to survive a cold winter. Simply add a layer of mulch around the base of the tree to help insulate the roots.  

How to Get Bartlett Pear Trees to Bloom

Bartlett pear trees are known for their beautiful white blooms that appear every spring. The tree produces these small white flowers before leaves appear, making the display all the more show-stopping.

To encourage the Bartlett pear to bloom, be sure the tree gets plenty of sunshine and water. Maintain a regular pruning schedule to ensure that sunlight is able to shine through the tree’s canopy. In addition, maintain a regular watering schedule during the growing season.  

Common Problems With Bartlett Pear Trees

Bartlett pear trees are generally hardy and do not contend with many problems. Still, there are a few issues that may be encountered when growing these pear trees, such as irregular pigmentation in leaves or a lack of blooms.

Pale Green or Yellow Leaves

Throughout the summer, Bartlett pear trees should have rich green foliage. If the leaves appear pale or yellowish, this is a sign of inadequate nutrients. It is best to give additional fertilizer the following spring, rather than add the fertilizer later in the year. Add more slow-release fertilizer the following spring. 

No Blooms

Sometimes Bartlett pear trees may not bloom. This may occur for a variety of reasons. These include lack of sunlight and water, too much fertilizer, and improper pruning. Be sure your tree is receiving six to eight hours of sunlight a day. Remove any nearby branches that may be shading the tree. Water weekly to keep the tree quenched. Fertilize in the spring. If the tree produces large amounts of foliage and branch growth with little to no blooms, cut back on fertilizer the following year. Pruning is important, but be sure not to prune the tree too severely. This can hinder bloom production.   

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. “Bartlett Pear Tree on the Tree Guide at Arborday.Org.” Arborday.Org, https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=894.

  2. Burke, Anna. “Can Dogs Eat Pears?” Akc.Org, American Kennel Club, 30 Aug. 2016, https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/nutrition/can-dogs-eat-pears/.

  3. “The Importance of Chill Hours for Fruit Trees.” Ucanr.Edu, https://ucanr.edu/blogs/blogcore/postdetail.cfm?postnum=16468.

Bartlett Pear Trees for Sale – FastGrowingTrees.com

Grow A Lifetime of Maintenance-Free Fruit From One Tree

Grow the world's most popular pear in your own backyard!

I love pears... but can't stand to buy them from the supermarket.

Now you can grow your own pears and not have to worry about what you're eating. The biggest benefit is the taste that comes when your pears are naturally tree-ripened... rather than being picked early and refrigerated.

The Bartlett is so popular because of its sweet, juicy taste. Each year your tree provides bushels of pears that are great for canning, cooking and snacking.

You can pick this delicious fruit in late summer. When ripe, these pears are so sweet that they fill your yard with a delicious aroma.

A cold-hardy tree that is adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions. Plant several to ensure you get plenty of large pears.

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Planting & Care

Location: Give your pear tree a location that features full sun and well-draining soil. Choose a bright, sheltered location, preferably with southern exposure.

Planting Instructions (in ground):
1) Dig a hole three times the size and just as deep as the root ball. You want to be careful that the tree does not settle too low in the soil.
2) After the hole is dug, carefully loosen and unwind any roots as necessary.
3) Plant the tree so that the roots are spread in the hole and the entire root ball is covered with soil.
4) Fill in the hole completely and gently remove air pockets that may have formed by tamping down with a spade.
5) Water the tree thoroughly after the tree has been planted.

Watering: Water your pear tree as necessary giving it at least 1 or 2 inches of water once a week. When the weather gets hot and dry during the peak of summer, increase the amount of water to maintain proper hydration and moisture. Do not water the pear tree after the first frost in the fall. You should resume watering once the last frost has past.

Pruning: When pruning, it’s important to trim the pear tree’s central leader to promote an upright position. If there are any competing branches present, remove them so that multiple leaders do not form. Maintain the tree’s natural shape by pruning large, lateral branches. Dead, dying or wilted branches should always be removed to help the Pear Tree focus its energy on growing healthy and producing an abundance of fruit.

*Tip* It’s always good to sterilize your cutting tool(s) with rubbing alcohol to ensure a clean cut that no pathogens can get into.

Pests: Pear trees are susceptible to insects such as maggots, moths, scale and aphids. To prevent infestation of these and other pests, treat with an insecticide in the early spring. Signs of infestation to be watchful for include yellowing or browning of foliage, rotted or eaten fruit and nibbled leaves. Spray the tree with the insecticide according to the directions on the label.

Tips:
*Harvest pears at the end of the growing season (October-November). Watch the fruit regularly, as it will require two to three weeks to harden before harvest.
*Pick pears when they have reached full color and size and are firm to the touch. Check the tree daily and pick fruit every two to three days until your harvest is complete.

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Maximum height of a pear: how big a tree will grow

The size of a tree depends on the variety and rootstock.

Content

  • Little history
  • common trees
    • High -sized pears
    • Medium -sized
    • Light -riveted
    • 9000 century. It is assumed that it was then that the first domesticated species of wild plants appeared.

      The wild pear itself is a free-growing tree with a dense, round or broad pyramidal crown. The maximum height of the wild pear tree is 25 meters, and the diameter of the crown is about 5 meters.

      The growth rates are quite impressive. In a year, even an adult crop can grow by 40 cm.

      There is evidence that wild pears have been found about 30 m in height. Definitely this complicates the process of caring for the culture.

      Wild pear can grow up to 25 meters.

      Common trees

      The large size of the pear tree is a disadvantage on the one hand, but a plus on the other. Such a huge tree also has a tangible plus: it has powerful roots, which ensure the resistance of the tree to cold weather.

      At the moment there are several types of pear trees, which are classified according to size:

      • undersized;
      • medium height;
      • tall;
      • dwarf.

      Bred not so long ago, but columns are already widespread - small trees up to 2.5 meters high and growing in the form of a pillar, without side branches.

      Tall pears

      The tallest trees can reach a height of about 6-8 meters. They are often very stable, but need timely pruning and shaping. Common high varieties are:

      • Annushka;
      • Larinskaya;
      • Apple;
      • Saint Germain.

      Consider the size of the mature tree when planting.

      Medium height

      The most common size category of pears is medium height. Their height rarely reaches more than 5.5 meters. Among them, the best are:

      • Shihan;
      • Moscow Bergamot;
      • Petrovskaya;
      • October;
      • Original;
      • Central Russian.

      Weak

      These crops are small, up to 4 meters in height. Low-growing pears combine compactness and productivity. Among them:

      • Mashuk;
      • Alyonushka;
      • Williams;
      • Freshness;
      • Pakgam Triumph;
      • Bartlett.

      Dwarf

      These small trees are distinguished by their small size and precocity. But these do not occur in nature, these are grafted varietal trees. The best ones are:

      • Carmen;
      • Veles;
      • Domestic;
      • Parisian.

      Regardless of size, all pears need correct, timely pruning and shaping.

      How to reduce the height of a pear tree

      Breeders are constantly doing various experiments and manipulations that will help gardeners work easier. One of these is vaccination. To reduce the size of the tree, it is necessary to graft high and medium-sized crops onto clonal rootstocks.

      Quince or dwarf pear is most commonly used. They allow you to achieve a decent yield with a small size. There are a number of clonal rootstocks that do not grow above 3-4 meters.

      Pears on a smaller rootstock.

      Conclusion

      A pear is a tall tree that will thicken without proper care. If you plant seed trees, it will be difficult to harvest. In order for the maximum height of the pear to be convenient for growing, it is grafted.

      Previous

      Questions and answers Can there be thorns on a pear: how a house tree becomes wild

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      Questions and answers Weight of one pear: maximum and minimum values ​​

      If the pear is very tall

    • Where it grows
    • Root system
    • Leaf description
    • What are fruit buds and what they look like
    • Pear wood and its properties
    • Flowering
    • Vegetation period
    • Description of the fetus
    • varieties
    • Features of varieties for Siberia
    • for Moscow Region
    • 9000 other fruit plants
    • Harvest storage
    • Common trees
    • Tall pears
    • Beauty Chernenko in the photo
    • Medium -sized
    • pear visible in the photo
    • Small -rose
    • Belarusian late in the photo
    • 9000
    • Shaping and pruning pear
    • A bit of history

      The first mention of the pear tree dates back to the 12th century. It is assumed that it was then that the first domesticated species of wild plants appeared.

      The wild pear itself is a free-growing tree with a dense, round or broad pyramidal crown. The maximum height of the wild pear tree is 25 meters, and the diameter of the crown is about 5 meters.

      The growth rates are quite impressive. In a year, even an adult crop can grow by 40 cm.

      There is evidence that wild pears have been found about 30 m in height. Definitely this complicates the process of caring for the culture.

      Wild pear can grow up to 25 meters.

      Description

      The pear tree is a long-lived tree, as the normal life expectancy ranges from 100 to 200 years, and some specimens live up to 350 years. The pear belongs to deciduous trees. The crown may be pyramidal or rounded. The fruits are elongated, cone-shaped, thickened towards the bottom, but some varieties may have spherical fruits.

      Where it grows

      The habitat of this fruit tree is quite wide. It is common in all European countries, including Ukraine, Belarus and the plains of the Caucasian republics. In mountainous areas, a wild variety of pear is common, producing small, sour and inedible fruits.

      The pear is also successfully cultivated in some Asian countries.

      The pear tree is especially popular in China and Japan. This plant requires neutral to slightly acidic soil. The best option for a pear tree can be considered fertile and loose soil with low acidity and low moisture content.

      It is not recommended to plant a pear tree on poor and low-lying soils, as it will be weak and painful. The tree also needs a fresh breeze, but not a draft.

      Root system

      The pear tree has a tap root system. At the same time, the main roots practically do not branch out and develop mainly in the vertical direction, reaching a depth of 6-8 meters. Large roots do not have noticeable horizontal branching, but thin roots (lobes) can extend 1. 5-2 meters from the root system. They are usually located at a depth of 15-20 cm from the soil surface. Fine hairs located on the roots, and providing the tree with moisture and nutrients, are less developed than those of an apple tree. The vertical root system of the pear provides the tree with moisture even during dry periods, and allows the plant to tolerate drought more easily than other trees.

      Leaf description

      The leaves of the pear tree are oblong oval in shape with finely serrated margins and a pointed end. The length of the leaf varies from 3 to 10 cm. The color of the leaf on the outside is dark green and shiny, and the underside is green with a blue tint. In autumn, the underside of the leaf may turn orange. If you notice that the leaves on the pear began to curl, then this indicates an infection with a leafworm, the methods of dealing with which are described in this material.

      What are fruit buds and how they look like

      Fruit formations of pear are usually located on overgrown branches, which are divided into three types:

      • twig;
      • spear;
      • ringlet.

      A twig is a thin annual growth, having a length of 15 cm or more. The top of the twig can be bent down under the influence of gravity. The spears are up to 15 cm long and depart from the branch at almost a right angle.

      The fruit buds located on the spears are very elongated and may resemble pointed spikes. The ringlet is the shortest and thickest process. During the year, it grows by 2-3 mm with the formation of a ring-shaped scar, the number of which can determine the age of the tree. Flower buds form on such branches, from which fruits subsequently grow and new shoots form. Each bud forms an inflorescence with 10-15 flowers. In some varieties, their number can reach 25. This number of flowers provides a reliable reserve for fruiting. Even if most of the inflorescences are destroyed by the pear beetle, the tree will still have enough flowers to produce a normal crop. Why a pear does not bloom and does not bear fruit, and what to do about it, read here.

      A valuable property of pear buds is a large variation in the time of blooming, so spring frosts are not able to destroy all the ovaries. In any case, a pear tree will bear fruit and produce a crop.

      Pear wood and its properties

      Pear wood has a high hardness, density and toughness, which allows it to be used for making furniture and, especially, for decorative products. The density of wood makes it difficult to process, but during the drying process, the finished product does not crack or warp, so pear is often used for patterned carving.

      The treated surface has a very even, clean structure. Embossed boards for the famous Tula and other gingerbread are made only from pear wood. Printed boards are durable and do not deteriorate from contact with moisture and culinary ingredients.

      Read about what to do if the bark on a pear is cracked.

      A pattern of any complexity can be carved on the surface of pear wood.

      Pearwood is used to make veneers, parquet boards and some drafting tools. In addition, beautiful wood is used in the interior decoration of exclusive cars. Pear wood has a pale lilac hue, which over time acquires a noble dark pink color, which is very much appreciated by luxury furniture manufacturers.

      The wood does not deform either with screws or with glue. Any varnishes and paints made from natural components or based on polymeric materials can be applied to the surface. Pear wood is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and as a substitute for expensive ebony.

      The disadvantage of such wood is the presence of curl, curvature and slant. Pear boards often have large knots, making them difficult to use for large pieces.

      Blossoming

      Pear blossoming usually starts in May, with early spring contributing to the beginning of the process in the first days of May. If spring is delayed, then the pear will bloom at the end of the month or even at the beginning of June.

      Some late varieties also begin to bloom in the first decade of June. The flowers of the pear tree are usually white or pale pink and are approximately 3 cm in diameter. They form umbellate inflorescences containing 3 to 9 flowers.

      Vegetation period

      In the warm spring time, the growing season begins at the pear tree. Its first manifestations are usually subtle. At first, the kidneys swell slightly and the kidney scales begin to move apart. Then a green cone-shaped formation appears, and flower buds appear.

      In gardeners, the beginning of the growing season is considered to be a visually noticeable swelling of the buds and their increase in size. A bud can be considered fully bloomed when the tips of leaves or flower buds appear at its top. The end of the growing season is characterized by the complete cessation of growth of the vegetative parts, when the growth and flower buds are fully formed. Then flowers appear and the process of pollination begins.

      Fruit description

      Pear fruit, in most varieties, has an elongated shape with a noticeable thickening in the lower part. The color varies from green and yellow to pink with a red blush. The pulp is of firm consistency, very juicy when fully ripe. Unlike an apple, a pear has a fine-grained structure due to the presence of rigid cell formations called sclerides.

      Pear fruit contains a large amount of vitamins and microelements.

      Pear is especially rich in zinc and potassium, which restores disturbed electrolyte balance and helps to remove excess fluid from the body.

      Since the sugar in the pear is represented not by sucrose and glucose, but by fructose, people with diabetes can safely consume it, since insulin is not needed for the absorption of fructose.

      Varieties

      There are a number of criteria by which pear varieties are classified:

      • ripening period;
      • frost resistance;
      • fruit dimensions;
      • height;
      • type of crown - columnar, etc.;
      • palatability;
      • type of pollination.

      Of all the characteristics, the main ones are ripening time, frost resistance and fruit size. In addition, pear trees are divided into fruit varieties and ornamental varieties. By ripening time, pears are divided into three categories:

      • summer or early;
      • autumn or medium;
      • winter or late.

      Full ripening of early varieties occurs at the end of July or beginning of August. In the northern regions of the country, early varieties of pears are harvested in early September. Summer varieties have a very short shelf life, which should not exceed two weeks. The fruits of these varieties should be harvested on time and not allowed to overripe. Summer pears are distinguished by their juiciness and excellent taste, so their market value is quite high. Early ripening varieties include the following pears:

      • August dew;
      • Victoria;
      • Duchess.

      Autumn pear varieties ripen by the end of September, and some varieties should not be harvested until the first decade of October. These pears can be stored for up to two months, and during storage their taste improves noticeably. Pears of medium ripening have increased resistance to frost. Among the autumn varieties, the following can be distinguished:

      • Veles;
      • Bere Moscow;
      • In memory of Yakovlev.

      Winter varieties ripen by the end of October, and they ripen during storage, so they are not consumed immediately after harvest due to low taste conditions. Autumn harvest pears are well preserved until the next spring. The best late maturing varieties are considered to be the following:

      • Gera;
      • Miraculous;
      • Belorussian late.

      According to the category of winter hardiness, pears can be frost-resistant and non-frost-resistant. When choosing a variety for planting, you should, first of all, pay attention to the climatic features of the region. By the size of the fruit, pears can be large-fruited, medium and small-fruited.

      The most common among gardeners, the middle group, is characterized by high fruiting, so the trees are often overloaded with a large number of fruits. Small-fruited pears are intended for processing and preparation of dessert dishes.

      Characteristics of varieties for Siberia

      The Siberian region is characterized by quite hot summers and long winters with very low temperatures. A prerequisite for growing pears in the Siberian regions is not only the correct choice of variety, but also the provision of protection from frost in the cold season.

      Usually the trunk is wrapped with thermal insulation material or spruce branches. In summer, the tree should be properly fed with mineral components, and in the fall, when the crop is harvested, organic fertilizers should be applied.

      Read about the peculiarities of planting pears in spring in Siberia.

      There are high-yielding and frost-resistant varieties intended for cultivation in the northern regions.

      These include the following varieties:

      • Severyanka;
      • Autumn Yakovleva;
      • Svetlyanka.

      Pear trees of these varieties tolerate cold winters well, are characterized by high yields and good immunity to the most common diseases.

      For the Moscow region

      The Moscow region belongs to the central zone of Russia. This region is characterized by clear boundaries of the seasons. The Moscow region has cold winters, hot, sometimes dry summers and well-defined autumn-spring periods. Basically, a sufficient amount of precipitation falls in the middle lane, which sometimes makes it possible to do without frequent watering. The pear is one of those plants for which zoning is very important, so it is best to grow the recommended varieties in each region. In the Moscow region, these varieties will be:

      • Lada;
      • Muscovite;
      • Pervomaiskaya;
      • Fabulous.

      These varieties are of different maturation periods and are distinguished by good frost resistance, high yield and excellent fruit taste. Read more about planting pears in the spring in the Moscow region.

      Growing techniques

      Pear has a number of features that distinguish it from other fruit trees. Unlike the apple tree, the pear tree has a more positive attitude towards groundwater, but does not tolerate wet and foggy days. Pollination is carried out in a cross way, so you need to plant 3-4 trees of different varieties.

      Features of planting

      Pear is unpretentious in cultivation and planting. Light and loose fertile soil is suitable for it. If the land is depleted, humus, compost and mineral supplements should be used. In central Russia, spring planting is preferable, and in the southern regions it is better to plant a pear in autumn. The pear does not like transplants, so seedlings should be planted immediately in a permanent place. The landing site for the pear must be prepared in advance. The following components are introduced into the soil:

      • compost or humus - 10 kg;
      • superphosphate - 50-70 grams;
      • potassium sulfate - up to 30 grams.

      This amount is paid per square meter of land. Too acidic soil should be neutralized by adding chalk, dolomite flour or wood ash. Landing pits should be 80 x 80 cm in size and up to one meter deep. The pear needs water retention at the root system, so a clay layer is made at the bottom of the pit. Seedlings, in pre-prepared pits, are planted in the usual way.

      Care tips

      In order to regularly get a bountiful harvest from a pear tree, you need to know the care rules. After planting the tree, the soil should be mulched with peat or sawdust. This allows moisture to be retained in the top layer of the soil. Pears are more afraid of low temperatures than other fruit trees, so they should be carefully covered for the winter.

      The yield of a pear tree largely depends on a well-formed crown.

      Pruning should start from the second year of the tree's life. Typically, gardeners use a sparse-tiered crown shape, when the main branches are arranged in tiers.

      Before budding, before and after flowering, the pear should be sprayed with copper sulphate or Bordeaux mixture. This procedure is a prevention from major diseases and allows you to get rid of pests. To improve fruiting, spraying with iron preparations can be used. In autumn, before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to fertilize pear trees with nitrogen fertilizers, combining the procedure with loosening the soil and abundant watering.

      During flowering, it is useful to add components containing phosphorus and potassium, as well as urea, to the soil.

      Propagation

      Pear can be propagated in the following ways:

      • layering;
      • cuttings;
      • fruit seeds.

      To get a cutting, a box filled with fertile soil is placed under the branch. Several cuts are made on the branch, fixed and dug in with soil. Layers - scions and rootstocks - a pear is grafted. The process of root formation continues throughout the season, but cuttings can only be planted in the ground the next year, so it hibernates in a box covered with snow and covering material. The process of grafting a pear on other trees is described at this link.

      When propagating by cuttings, it should be borne in mind that not all varieties of pears actively root. Usually small and medium varieties are propagated by cuttings. The following pears are well suited for propagation by cuttings:

      • Lada;
      • Muscovite;
      • Zhigalov's memory.

      Cuttings are cut in the early morning hours with a well-sharpened knife. Future pears must have at least two internodes and three leaves. Then the cuttings are placed in a container with a solution of a root formation stimulator. After the appearance of the first roots, the cuttings are placed for further cultivation in a box with fertile soil. Growing a pear from a seed is quite a long process. It does not have any features and a pear seedling from a seed is grown in the same way as any fruit tree.

      Diseases and pests of pears

      Most often, pears are affected by diseases, among which fungal ones occupy a leading place:

      • brown spot;
      • gray mold;
      • scab.

      As a means of preventing and combating these diseases, 1% Bordeaux mixture, and preparations "Abiga-Peak" and "HOM" are used. Regular spraying of pear trees is the most effective remedy against most diseases and parasites.

      Damage to trees and crops can be caused by certain types of insects: weevils, aphids, mites.

      Weevils, various types of bugs, mites and aphids are the most common. The following drugs are used to combat them:

      • kemifos;
      • karbofos;
      • fufanon;
      • inta-Vir.

      Compatibility of pear with other fruit plants

      There is a principle that some fruit and berry bushes or trees should not be planted next to other cultivated plants. Incompatibility may be due to soil type, moisture content, or other reasons. Next to the pear, you can plant apple trees, grapes and mountain ash. Walnut and juniper are not recommended, as they are a carrier of fungal diseases. What to plant next to a pear is described in more detail in this article.

      Harvest storage

      Autumn and winter varieties are stored the longest at home. Pears should be stored in a cool dry place. For storage, a wooden box or a plastic container is suitable. The main thing is that there are holes for air access. The bottom and walls of the container should be lined with paper. Before laying, all fruits must be checked for visible defects. One defective fruit can spoil the entire contents of the container. In fruits prepared for long-term storage, the stalks must be preserved. Fruits of different varieties should not be placed in one box, and the number of layers should not exceed two.

      Common trees

      The large size of the pear tree is a disadvantage on the one hand, but a plus on the other. Such a huge tree also has a tangible plus: it has powerful roots, which ensure the resistance of the tree to cold weather.

      At the moment there are several types of pear trees, which are classified according to size:

      • undersized;
      • medium height;
      • tall;
      • dwarf.

      Bred not so long ago, but columns are already widespread - small trees up to 2.5 meters high and growing in the form of a pillar, without side branches.

      Tall pears

      The tallest trees can reach a height of about 6-8 meters. They are often very stable, but need timely pruning and shaping. Common high varieties are:

      • Annushka;
      • Larinskaya;
      • Apple-shaped;
      • Saint Germain.

      Consider the size of the mature tree when planting.

      Beauty Chernenko in the photo

      Flowering pear variety Beauty Chernenko
      Pear tree variety Beauty Chernenko
      Branch with fruits of pear variety Beauty Chernenko

      strip of Russia. The narrow pyramidal crown of this vigorous tree rises to a height of up to 6 m. It tolerates frosts down to -25 ° C without any problems. The yield of Beauty Chernenko is stable and amounts to 12.7 tons per hectare. The fruits, covered with a delicate greenish-yellow skin with a beautiful red blush, weigh up to 200 g each. An important positive quality of the variety is the resistance of the pear to scab.

      From the features of cultivation, I can notice a very poor shoot-forming ability - to get a skeleton, you have to pinch or cut the ends of the branches, and they stubbornly want to look up - for a better skeleton, you have to bend the branches.

      Medium sized

      The most common size category of pears is medium sized. Their height rarely reaches more than 5.5 meters. Among them, the best are:

      • Shihan;
      • Moscow Bergamot;
      • Petrovskaya;
      • October;
      • Original;
      • Central Russian.
      Vidnaya pear on the photo

      Vidnaya pear tree with fruits
      Vidnaya pear flowers
      Vidnaya variety pear on the branch

      I have an exceptionally sweet taste without sourness. Even firm and unripe have a freshly sweet taste. Another point is that this variety bears fruit on kolchatka (which, by the way, is also indicated in the description of VNIISPK) you do not have. Perhaps the rootstock affects. Or maybe a different variety.

      Latest posts Lilac perennials that are beautiful, compact and do not crowd out other plants plants

      Weak

      These plants are small in size, up to 4 meters in height. Low-growing pears combine compactness and productivity. Among them:

      • Mashuk;
      • Alyonushka;
      • Williams;
      • Freshness;
      • Pakgam Triumph;
      • Bartlett.
      Belorusskaya late on the photo

      Flowering pear variety Belorusskaya late
      Branch with fruits of pear variety Belorusskaya late
      Pear tree of the Belarusian late variety

      This pear can withstand winter frosts down to -30 °С. The tree grows up to 4 m tall. In its rounded crown, orange-yellow fruits weighing 120 g each ripen at the end of September. The taste rating of these pears by tasters is 4.2 points. The yield obtained over several years of testing averaged 12. 2 t/ha.

      I have an exceptionally sweet taste without sourness. Even firm and unripe have a fresh-sweet taste. Another point is that this variety bears fruit on kolchatka (which, by the way, is also indicated in the description of VNIISPK) you do not have. Perhaps the rootstock affects. Or maybe a different variety.

      Dwarf

      These small trees are distinguished by their small size and precocity. But these do not occur in nature, these are grafted varietal trees. The best ones are:

      • Carmen;
      • Veles;
      • Domestic;
      • Parisian.

      Regardless of size, all pears need correct, timely pruning and shaping.

      Pear variety Chizhovskaya on photo

      Branch with fruits of pear variety Chizhovskaya
      Flowering pear variety Chizhovskaya
      Pear tree variety Chizhovskaya

      Oval crown of pear Chizhovskaya rises no higher than 2.5 m. Yellowish-green fruits with a pleasant sour-sweet taste, weighing 100–120 g, ripen in late August or early September. According to amateur gardeners, about 50 kg of pears are obtained from one Chizhovskaya pear plant annually.

      Chizhovskaya pear began to bear fruit 2 years after planting, it bears fruit every year. Frosts in winter and drought endure without any visible consequences.

      The largest pear

      Pear fruits can be large, medium or small in size and, accordingly, in weight. Small pear fruits are considered technical. They can be consumed fresh, but more often such pears are used for processing. Large and medium-sized fruits are intended for table (fresh consumption) or universal (for eating and preserving) use.

      Large and medium-sized pears according to their intended purpose are table, that is, intended for fresh consumption, or universal, that is, suitable for eating fresh and in processed form - jam, marmalade, jam, home canning, etc. The table shows the most common varieties of pears. They are arranged in descending order by fruit weight.

      Pear fruit weight table

      Variety name Average fruit weight (g)

      Pears on a smaller rootstock.

      Pear shaping and pruning

      Without shaping, the pear grows very strongly in height, many branches leave the trunk at an acute angle and can later break off under the weight of a bountiful harvest.

      Unformed pear tree grows very tall, and many branches come off the trunk at a dangerous sharp angle

      To avoid the risk of branch breakage, young trees are formed by bending their branches to an almost horizontal position and securing them with guys. Such branches begin to bear fruit earlier.

      When the branches of young trees are pruned in time, additional shaping pruning is usually not required. Sanitary pruning, which consists in removing dried and broken branches, is needed for pears of any age. It is held from spring to the end of summer, and in the south - in autumn. All large sections after pruning must be treated with garden pitch.


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