How tall do foxtail palm trees grow


How Tall Do Palm Trees Grow

Palm trees conjure up a host of images, from idyllic tropical beaches to a life-saving oasis surrounded by miles of baked desert. Mostly we think of them as the backdrop to some spectacular scene. That’s a mistake though, because palms themselves are fascinating. They belong to a distinctive family of plants, the Arecaceae, which contains more than 2,600 species. Most of them follow the classic palm shape, of a single tall stem with a cluster of large, spreading leaves at the top, but there are many exceptions too. The family includes shrubs and vines as well as trees, and range in size from small bushes to the 200-foot Quindio Wax Palm.

Most of us think of palms as a tropical plant but that’s not completely reliable either. Almost all of them are but about 130 species grow outside the tropics; most of these are found in subtropical areas but a few also thrive in warmer temperate zones. A handful even grow in parts of Britain and Canada, which are definitely not tropical countries. The variety goes on and on; palms are the source of a huge variety of fruits, the sap of some species can be fermented into wine, there are palms that produce cooking oil, building materials, industrial fibers, a huge range of foods and many other resources. Their value, and their exotic image, make palms interesting trees and the internet is full of questions from people who want to know more about them. One of the most common ones is “How fast do palm trees grow?”

Palm Tree Size and Growth Rate

From what you already know about palms it’s not hard to guess the answer to that – it’s “Depends what kind of palm tree”. With such an enormous variety of trees in the family it’s not surprising that their growth rates are as wildly diverse as their size and uses. Palms have a reputation for growing very fast, but that’s not universal. It does have a lot of truth behind it though. Tropical palms face a lot of hazards.

Rainforest species – and that’s about two-thirds of all palms – are in a lifelong race for energy. A slow-growing species will be crowded out by the huge trees of the jungle canopy, so to reach the life-giving sunlight they need to grow fast. When a tree falls in the rainforest the gap it creates is swiftly colonized, and the plants that can raise their own leaves to the canopy first will be the winners. Palms, with their leaves concentrated at the top of a straight trunk, are well suited to these races.

Other species, especially in the Caribbean and on the Gulf coast, are in constant danger from hurricanes. A large tree with deep roots and a strong trunk has a better chance of surviving the powerful storm winds; a small palm will be uprooted or snapped like a matchstick. That means a fast-growing tree has a better chance of being large enough to survive when a storm hits. So tropical palms tend to grow faster than more northern species, but there can be a lot of variation between individual trees.

Sunlight is key – the more sun a palm gets the faster it will gain height. Rich soil or the right fertilizer will also make a big difference, so it’s hard to say exactly how rapid growth will be – but some species are usually faster than others. There are palms that gain a few inches a year, and others that will climb at many times the speed.

European Fan Palm

The European Fan Palm is a popular species with gardeners, for many reasons. It’s quite hardy, and can tolerate cool winters and the occasional hard frost. A shrub, it fits well in most gardens with its maximum height of about 16 feet. It also grows slowly. Juvenile plants might put on up to ten inches a year but as they mature they slow down; a mature plant will often add just one new leaf, and a couple of inches in height, annually. If you want a manageable palm this one is a good choice, especially if your local climate isn’t as tropical as it could be.

Lady Palms (

Rhapis)

The Rhapis species, or Lady Palms, are also slow-growing. These small varieties are favorites as indoor palms, often grown as bonsai in Japan and earning the nickname “parlor palms” in 19th century America. Outdoors in a suitable climate they’ll grow by three to ten inches a year but indoors this will be much lower. In ideal conditions they can reach eight or more feet high, but it can take them a long time to get there.

Foxtail Palm

On the other hand the Foxtail Palm grows much faster. This Australian species thrives in tropical areas but can also tolerate cooler weather and coastal locations, even where it’s regularly sprayed with salt water. It’s now widespread in gardens in the warmer parts of the USA and also makes a good indoor palm as long as there’s space for it. The foxtail can reach up to 32 feet high, but usually stops at about half this height indoors. It usually grows more than a foot a year and can reach its full height in 20 years or less.

Carpentaria Palm

One of the most vigorous species is the Carpentaria Palm. Another Australian species, this impressive tree can easily reach over a hundred feet in height. It’s a rainforest species, so as you can guess it grows quickly. Even for a jungle tree it stands out though. Given the right conditions – rich soil and a warm, moist climate – the Carpentaria can shoot upwards at a rate of six feet a year. That makes it among the fastest growing palms – and the fastest growing of all trees.

Choosing The Right Palm

Unless you live in the warmer parts of the South it’s unlikely your own palm will match its species’ maximum growth rate, but it could still gain size at an impressive speed. That makes it important to select indoor palms carefully; pick the wrong species and it can outgrow the available space in just a few years. On the other hand if you want to create a dramatic outdoor scene in a hurry, a palm could be ideal. Palm trees offer one of the widest ranges of growth speeds you’ll find anywhere and a smart gardener can make use of that.

How Fast Do Foxtail Palms Grow Per Year?

  •  Anna Martin
  •   Plants & Trees


 

Native to Australia, foxtail palm is a fast-growing plant. Botanically known as Wodyetia bifurcate, the plant is commonly found in areas where winter temperatures are warm too.

 

You can spot the palm in warmer zones of America like South Florida. Therein the foxtail palm tree growth rate is excellent. Not just that, everywhere where the Foxtail Palm can get access to the tropical climate, it thrives.

 

Also, the palm can survive well in a variety of soils. It is tolerant, but its only soil prerequisite is that the soil should be acidic or neutral. However, the acidic content should not be unbearably high. Regardless, the soil should be well-draining to ensure there is no sitting water as that could often become a cause of root rotting.

 

For anyone who lives in salt-prone areas or the ocean fronts, the foxtail palm can be one of the best choices for planters. It is because the foxtail palm enjoys salty sea wind and spray. Ideally, the palm is planted on its own, but the visual appeal of clustered or grouped palm is magnificent.

 

It changes the whole vibe to tropical and elevates the beauty of the space. In this guide below, we will talk about how fast do foxtail palms grow.

 

Jump To

  • Are Foxtail Palms Hard To Grow?
  • Do Foxtail Palms Grow Fast?
  • How Long Does It Take A Palm Tree To Grow To Maturity?
  • How Can I Make My Foxtail Palm Grow Faster?
  • Foxtail Palm Care Tips
  • Frequently Asked Questions

 

Are Foxtail Palms Hard To Grow?

Let us first understand whether the foxtail palms are difficult or easy to grow. Fortunately for you, foxtail palms are pretty easy to grow. You can grow them worry-free in several different kinds of climate and soil conditions.

 

They can tolerate the most challenging alkaline limestone and rocky sands. So, the foxtail palm growth rate per year is excellent, and they are also very effortless to grow.

 

Do Foxtail Palms Grow Fast?

How fast do foxtail palms grow? Do they grow fast enough? Yes, foxtail palms are fast-growing. They can acquire an excellent height if planted in tropical and sub-tropical climates.

 

Further, the plant needs plenty of water, well-draining soil, and full sun. Hence, their growth rate is pretty good if exposed to the right conditions.

 

Upon maturity, the plant yields red fruits. The seed germination process takes about three to four months. Hence, it is exemplary in the landscape where it is planted.

 

How Long Does It Take A Palm Tree To Grow To Maturity?

The Foxtail palm is one of the fastest growing palms. Under normal living conditions, the palm can acquire a height of about two to three feet in a year.

 

In a decade, it can grow up to 30-feet. Any home planter, a nursery planter, or a hobbyist plant grower who needs a rapid-growing, low-maintenance plant for shading purposes will find the best selection in the foxtail palm.

 

Beyond the excellent foxtail palm tree growth rate, another incredible thing about the plant is its ability to tolerate drought conditions. So, planters who forget to water the plant frequently will love this plant.

 

How fast do foxtail palms grow and how soon do they acquire maturity? Given the excellent foxtail palm growth rate per year, the plant takes about 12 years to reach maturity. A mature plant yields a cluster of flowers at the crown shaft’s base. The base then produces white flowers.

 

You will find both male and female flowers on the plant. It is a monoecious plant, meaning it can self-fertilize. After fertilization, the female flowers will yield large green, oval-shaped green fruits.

 

Upon maturity, the green fruits turn orangish-red. Each fruit is single-seeded and 24/4 inches long, and 14/4 inches wide.

 

How Can I Make My Foxtail Palm Grow Faster?

The foxtail palm tree growth rate is already pretty good. But, if you wish to make it grow more rapidly, you need to take extra care. You must use a slow-release fertilizer. In addition, fertilize the foxtail palm regularly, as directed in the package manual.

 

Ideally, the right fertilizer would be the one that has good micronutrients and potassium. It is mandatory to select a potassium-rich fertilizer to avoid any potassium deficiency, which is rampant amongst the palms. In addition, the fertilizer should be rich in vitamins.

 

In addition, if you wish to create a dramatic effect with the foxtail palms, you can grow them in a cluster of three or four plants. In well-lit surroundings, they will look spectacular and add to the garden’s appeal.

 

Also, since the foxtail palm growth rate per year is high and they tend to spread far and wide, ensure that you leave ample space between the plants to allow the trunk and fronds to grow well.

 

Further, the choice of soil can also influence how fast do foxtail palms grow in your garden. See, the problem with the foxtail palms is that they thrive in sandy soils. The thing with sandy soil is that they tend to suck out the vital minerals, nutrients, and vitamins from the soil.

 

Hence, when you use plant food, ensure that you work to eliminate these deficiencies. Never over-fertilize the palm. Lastly, to amplify the growth rate, you must also prune the plant to leave it healthy and green and eliminate all the dead fronds from the plant.

 

Related Growth Guide: Mexican Palm, Areca Palm, Pygmy Palm, Ponytail Palm, European Palm

 

Care Tips To Enhance Foxtail Palm Tree Growth Rate


 
Here is a guideline to take good care of the foxtail palms.

 

1. Sun

Ideally, you must place your foxtail palms in the area that receives full sun. However, if they get at least six hours of direct sun every day, it is sufficient for the plant. You can keep the plants in the shade, but that will restrict the rampant growth of the palm plant and make it prone to fungal diseases.

 

2. Pots

The choice of pot or the container used should be large enough to accommodate the giant root system of the plant easily. Of course, you can start with the seeds in a tiny container, but as soon as the germination happens, the replantation to a bigger pot must happen.

 

3. Soil

Foxtail palms enjoy well-drained, sandy soil.

 

4. Humidity

Tropical regions are the best environments for the foxtail palms because they thrive in a humid climate. However, if there is less humidity in the air, you can consider misting your plant every day.

 

5. Water

Even though the foxtail palms are drought-resistant, they need optimum water to show adequate growth and look good. You must try to water the palm regularly for at least 24 months.

 

6. Mulching

Mulching is a vital step in the care of the foxtail palms. It helps the plant retain its moisture and survive drought periods. Mulching is also essential to avoid weed growth. However, mulching must not crowd the trunk.

 

7. Fertilizer

To ensure that your palms look fresh and green, you must use a slow-releasing, water-soluble fertilizer designed particularly for the palms. Also, do not over-fertilize the plant.

 

For this, you need to read the package directions and feed the plant as stated by the manufacturer. To achieve green foliage, pick a fertilizer that is rich in nitrogen. In addition, the fertilizer should also have micronutrients and trace elements.

 

8. Pruning

Anytime you see the dead ends or the dried leaves on the plant, you should prune them. However, be careful, and use a pruning-specific tool to ensure you do not end up chopping more than what’s needed.

 

Related: Palm Tree Lifespan

 

Foxtail Palm Tree Growth Rate & FAQs

Ques 1. What is the difference between a royal palm and a foxtail palm?

Ans. The royal palm has a bright green crown shaft and a smooth gray trunk. A full-grown royal palm is about 50-80 feet tall. Because of its clean, bootless look and tail height, it is one of the most popular landscape plants.

 

On the other hand, the foxtail palm has a plume-like or feathery appearance because of its plumose leaves.

 

Ques 2. What is the difference between a Christmas palm and a foxtail palm?

Ans. The primary difference lies in the foliage. The Christmas palm has relatively bigger leaflets, and the leaflets in the Foxtail are narrow.

 

Also, the number of leaflets in the Foxtail palm is higher than that of the Christmas palm. Lastly, the light requirement for the Foxtail palm is higher than for the Christmas palm.

 

Ques 3. Are foxtail palms poisonous to dogs?

Ans. The seeds in the foxtail palms are poisonous if ingested.

 

Ques 4. How tall do foxtail palm trees grow?

Ans. Foxtail palm trees are fast-growing and can acquire a height of about 30-feet.

 

Ques 5. How much does a foxtail cost?

Ans. A foxtail palm price online must vary with different sellers and depend on the plant’s height. The price ranges from $20 to $500 depending upon the size of the palm.

 

Ques 6. Can you eat foxtail palm fruit?

Ans. Foxtail palm fruits could be toxic. It is best to stay clear of them.

 

Ques 7. Do foxtail palms have a big root system?

Ans. Foxtail palms have big and deep roots. So, please plant them at least 10-15 feet apart. Also, you need to use deep watering methods instead of frequent or shallow watering. With deep watering, the plants tend to store water within the roots, making them survive even extended periods of drought.

 

Ques 8. Are the roots of foxtail palms invasive?

Ans. No, the roots of foxtail palms are not invasive.

 

Ques 9. How do you know when a foxtail palm is dying?

Ans. You can spot a dying palm tree when you see the following problems:

     
  • The appearance of holes in the trunk from a disease or an untreated pest
  • Yellowing, wilting, or browning fronds
  • Younger fronds start falling off
  • Discoloration of the younger fronds
  • The tree’s nucleus starts browning

Now that you know how fast do foxtail palms grow, go get one for your garden and care for it right.

 

We grow a palm tree in an apartment

Russia is predominantly a northern country. Maybe that's why palm trees are so popular with flower growers who grow indoor plants. They bring a bit of southern exoticism into our everyday life. Most representatives of the palm family look very impressive, so interior designers are willing to use them in their work. Almost all representatives of the palm family are tall, they occupy a fairly large space in a home or office. Most palm trees come from the tropics or subtropics. In their natural habitat, palm trees are not limited in growth, so they often reach enormous sizes. In some species, only leaves grow up to 17 m with a two-meter width. But they grow slowly, many species do not require complex care, so flower growers in our country have long and successfully grown many varieties of palm trees in urban apartments. Although the optimal place for growing such plants in captivity is, of course, a winter garden.

There are many types of palm trees that are often found in our apartments. Flower growers call such varieties - house palm trees, cultivating them as houseplants. Depending on the shape of the leaves, home palms are divided into two large groups:

  • Pinnate - these include coconut, dipsis, chamedorea, date, howe.

  • Fan-leaved - palm trees, the leaves of which are similar in shape to the correct fan. This group includes chamerops, karyota, trachycarpus, etc.

How to care for indoor palms

Usually, palm trees cultivated as indoor plants need a large area. It is advisable to place them in the living room or in the spacious hall. Even if the variety you grow is not too tall, the palm remains a solitary plant, all interference must be eliminated. Keep in mind that cats are often a big threat to house palms, as their leaves can be a welcome treat for pets. Indoor palm trees need minimal care, regular and timely watering, periodic feeding with nutrients, removing dust from the leaves. A certain difficulty can only be caused by a regular transplant, and then when the plant has already reached an impressive size.

A native of the tropics needs light

Palm trees need to be grown in a bright room, into which the sun's rays freely penetrate all day. At the same time, oddly enough, tropical palms prefer bright light, but diffused. Not all of them love direct sunlight, most of them even need shading in the hottest period of spring and summer. It is necessary to protect plants from the sun from 11 o'clock to noon. For shading, it is enough to use light tulle, covering the window with a translucent curtain. But shading is needed only in the summer. From August until the onset of spring, palm trees are not afraid of the sun's rays.

Often palm trees are placed in the dark corners of the room, thus making a big mistake, since there are no indoor plants that would love the shade. There are only shade-tolerant ones. In addition, most palm trees have a fairly spreading crown, which requires uniform lighting. If this condition is not met, then the leaves will grow asymmetrically, which will worsen the decorative effect of the plant. So even a meter away from the window, it's time to think about lighting the palm tree with artificial sources.


Linear LED lamp UNIEL for seedlings and flowering 35W IP40 housing white

Temperature range

It is different for tropical and subtropical palms. The first must be kept warm in winter, while the temperature should not fall below 16 ° C. But excessive heat is also not needed, 24 ° C should be the upper limit. But subtropical palms in winter are kept in rooms with a lower temperature, about 8-12 ° C. Palm trees of any variety do not like drafts, which adversely affect their development. Especially dangerous is the cold air that enters the room during winter ventilation, when both the window and the door are open at the same time. The root system of a palm tree is very sensitive to cold, so pots and planters in which they grow cannot be placed directly on a cold window sill or marble tile floor. To avoid hypothermia of the root system, a pot with a palm tree growing in it is placed in a larger one or in a wooden barrel, and the space remaining between the walls is insulated by filling it with expanded clay or moss.

Palm trees such as cariota, areca, coconut, acanthophenix, and chamedorea need warmth even in winter. They need a fairly high temperature and high humidity. Wintering in cool rooms should be chamerops, trachycarpus, washingtonia, etc.


How to water palm trees

All representatives of the palm family, including varieties that grow naturally in arid places, love moisture. In the summer they need to be watered almost every day, and plentifully. In winter, watering should be moderate. But only palm trees that grow in loose soil with a light texture and good drainage can be cared for in this way. The main rule that must be observed when watering is that until the next soil of the upper part of the pot, in which the palm tree grows, must have time to dry. Whereas in the depths, the soil mixture should always be slightly moist - not to be confused with damp! It is necessary to choose the frequency of watering, taking into account the air temperature in the room. For example, if a palm tree is kept in a cool room in winter at a temperature of only 5-7 ° C, watering should be carried out extremely rarely. It is enough once every one and a half or even 2 months, sometimes it can be completely replaced with light spraying. After watering, the soil in the pot should be periodically loosened.

Humidity control

Palm trees need a fairly high humidity, the optimum humidity level for them is 40-50%. To ensure it, plants need to be sprayed regularly. This procedure is especially necessary on the hottest days of summer, but in winter - only if your home or office is intensively heated. Excessive dryness of the air can adversely affect the condition of the leaves: their ends will dry out, the plants will lose their decorative effect. You need to spray the palm carefully, directing the sprayer onto the leaf from both sides - both from the top and from the bottom.


Humidifier SCARLETT SC-AH986M22 3.8l 300ml/h white

In winter, in urban apartments, the humidity is about 20-25 percent. In such a situation, spraying becomes only a measure to reduce the criticality of the situation, while watering should not be increased against the usual volume of moisture for this season. The fact is that excessive moisture still does not compensate for the effect of dry air on the condition of the plant. Buying a humidifier can help. Or, at worst, you can hang wet sheets on the radiators. If the palms are still small, then it would be good to place a container with them on a wide pallet filled with wet expanded clay or sphagnum.

Proper transplantation of palm trees

When planning a transplant, you need to prepare the optimal soil mixture to fill the new container for your plant. It should consist of two parts of humus-leaf soil, 2 parts of light clay-soddy soil, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand, 1 part of completely rotted manure. All this must be mixed by adding a little charcoal to the mixture. Thus, the soil will turn out to be very nutritious, the plant will develop fully. If you take ordinary soil, for example, from a garden or garden plot, or another version of a poorer soil mixture, then it will be impossible to achieve the ideal state of the palm tree, its active development.

Transplantation is carried out in the spring. Young palms that are not yet three years old require an annual transplant. If palm trees cross this line, then they can be replanted every 3-5 years. These plants, like many others, do not like transplanting too much, but if it is done correctly, then the palm tree feels good. An important condition for a competent transplant is the choice of a suitable container for planting. The state of the root system of the palm tree will help determine the pot. If its roots grow in width, approaching the walls of the pot, then the next one must necessarily be of a larger diameter. If the growth of the roots is directed downward, then you can choose a pot of the same diameter as the previous one, but its height should be greater. If during the transplantation process you see that part of the plant's roots are damaged or sick, they are removed, being careful not to damage nearby healthy tissues. Before transplanting palm trees into a pot, you need to place high-quality drainage and a pillow of 3-8 cm of compost. The thickness of the last layer depends on the age of the palm tree and the size of the pot. After that, the plant is placed in a new container and covered with prepared soil mixture. Immediately after transplanting, plants, even if they belong to the sun-loving group, should not be placed under direct sunlight. A couple of weeks after transplanting, watering the plant should be moderate.

If your palm tree is already old enough and its roots protrude strongly from the pot, and transplantation is not yet planned, then they should be covered with wet moss on top. Since adult palm trees are rarely transplanted, while they actively consume nutrients and the soil in the pot becomes depleted, even if you regularly feed the plants in spring and summer, experts recommend removing the top layer of the earth every year, replacing it with fresh soil mixture or compost.


Soil soil universal Zhivaya Zemlya 25l

How and with what to fertilize palm trees

Fertilizers should be used only during the growth period, and not during the dormant season. Palm trees are fed every 2-3 weeks, using fertilizers intended for decorative leafy plants. Before fertilizing, the earthen lump must be well moistened with water. For top dressing, you can use fertilizers such as Ideal, Giant, Uniflor-growth, etc. Palm trees are not fertilized in autumn or winter. Top dressing is also not carried out within 2 months after the palm tree is transplanted into a new soil mixture.

Plant hygiene

To protect the palm tree from attack by pests such as thrips, aphids and other species, each leaf must be regularly wiped with a damp sponge. If the plant is small, then it can be completely immersed with leaves in a warm solution of Persian chamomile or green soap. The leaves are kept in the solution for 30 minutes, then they are washed with warm water. In winter, palm trees, as we have said, need to be sprayed. In summer, they can be taken out into the rain or placed in the shower, if the size of the plant allows it.

How palms are propagated

You can try growing palm trees from seeds. This does not guarantee 100% success and not everyone succeeds. The fact is that the seeds of these plants lose their germination capacity in a short time. It takes about 20-30 days to germinate fresh seeds. If the seeds are already 3-4 years old, then, under the condition of soil heating, they germinate even later - this will take from 2 to 4 months. It is better to buy fresh seeds, and do it in serious flower shops.

Before sowing, large-sized seeds with a hard shell are carefully filed without damaging the inside of the seed. If the seeds are small, and their shell is also hard, then you need to place the material for 3-4 days in warm water, the temperature of which should be approximately 35 °. The best time to sow seeds is late winter or early spring. Seeds should be soaked in warm water before sowing. Pots for seedlings are prepared small, not exceeding 15 cm in height. Otherwise, the roots of developing seedlings grow rapidly down. The bottom of the containers should have one or more holes so that excess moisture flows out through them after watering.

Each pot is supplied with drainage, after which it is filled with a soil mixture, which includes soddy soil, diluted with coarse sand in a ratio of one to three. A layer of 4 cm thick is poured over the soil mixture, consisting of pure river sand. Palm seeds are sown in it, deepening them by no more than 2-3 cm. There should be a distance of 3.5 cm between the seeds.

From above, the soil is covered with a thin layer of moss, this allows you to maintain its wet state. Germinate seeds at a temperature of 22 ° C for subtropical palms, but if you have sown seeds of tropical varieties, the germination regime should be higher - 28-30 ° C. Watering seedlings should be carried out daily, the water temperature should be warm or room temperature. When the first leaf of germinated seedlings grows to 8 cm, small palms are transplanted into pots with a wider diameter of at least 9see. They need to be filled with a soil mixture, which includes 2 parts of humus, 2 parts of leafy and three parts of soddy soil, as well as 1 part of sand. Good drainage is preliminarily laid at the bottom of the pot. Too long roots of seedlings are not shortened, but simply folded in a spiral and covered with soil mixture. The rest of the seed should never be removed; it will nourish the young plant for some time. The soil after planting should be compacted and watered abundantly.


Which palm trees grow in Sochi? – Blog allbriz.ru

There is only one place in Russia with a predominantly humid subtropical climate. This is Greater Sochi and the immediate surroundings of the famous resort. Thanks to the mountain system and the sea, it is not too hot here in the summer months, when the air warms up to + 28.5–29.8 °C. In winter, severe frosts and chilly winds bypass this area. The city remains green even when it snows.

Variety of palm trees in Sochi

What kind of shrubs and trees can be found by resort guests on the streets, boulevards, squares and parks of Sochi. But still, in terms of the variety of species, not a single plant can be compared with local palm trees. The city is decorated with nine of the most famous varieties (genera) of this tropical tree:

  • livistona;
  • Washington;
  • sabal;
  • Canarian date;
  • chamerops;
  • erythea;
  • jubes;
  • butia;
  • trachycarpus.

Livistona

Very rarely, guests of the resort come across a round-leaved palm tree with a rather powerful columnar trunk, the height of which in those countries that are considered its homeland, reaches 20-30 meters. Of the 28 varieties of this tree, only one is found in Sochi - the Chinese one. Liviston usually grows in places with high humidity. The homeland of this palm is the countries of Polynesia and the states of Southeast and South Asia.

Washingtonia

The thick trunks of this tree and the fan leaves growing at the very top, consisting of 60–80 segments, immediately catch the eye of Sochi guests. The city is decorated with palm trees of two varieties of this genus: filamentous and powerful. On the territory of Mexico and in the southern states of the USA - the birthplace of Washingtonia - the height of a perfectly straight trunk can reach 80 meters. Despite its southern origin, the palm tree is resistant to short frosts - up to -12 ° C.

Sabal

Among the palms of this genus, tall and dwarf trees are distinguished. The trunk of the first can be from 12 to 30 meters, the second - only 2 m. The fan leaves of both genera of the sabal consist of 20–30 cm segments. The trunk of a bonsai grows underground and only partially comes out. Sabal is found in Latin American countries located north of Brazil, as well as in the south of the United States. Of the 16 varieties of this palm tree, several names grow in Greater Sochi:

  • elegant,
  • Bahamian,
  • conspicuous,
  • shade,
  • blackburn,
  • small.

Canarian date

According to biologists, there are 17 varieties of date palms in the world. One of its subspecies grows in Sochi - Canarian. The name of the rhinestone speaks of the homeland of the tree. As in the Spanish islands, wherever this palm is found, the soils are rich in groundwater. The Canarian date grows quite quickly. Most often there are 10-15-meter trees with long feathery leaves. Orange fruits, collected in large brushes hanging from the trunks, look rather unusual.

Chamerops

Bushy palms, which usually do not exceed three meters in height, are often called European. First of all, this is due to the place of their greatest distribution - the Mediterranean. It is the north of the African continent and the southern coast of the European mainland that are considered the birthplace of the branched chamerops. Usually a single trunk dominates a tree. Two subspecies of this palm tree grow in Sochi: graceful and squat.

Erythea

Another name for this palm is brahea (brachea). In Sochi, there are two of its subspecies: edible and armed. Because of the color of the fan-shaped leaves, the tree is often called the blue palm. Her decoration is one-meter inflorescences descending from the crown. Erythea is native to two North American states: Arizona and California. The tree grows slowly in dry soils next to cacti.

Yubeya

Tourists visiting Sochi often hear about the elephant tree. So because of the powerful trunk they call the jube. In the homeland of the palm of this species - in Chile - it has a different name. Because of the taste of the syrup obtained from the trunk, the Chilean jube is called the honey tree. It is this kind of palm that grows on the streets of Greater Sochi. The tree is resistant to cold and frost. Cases have been recorded when nothing happened to the Chilean jube even at -11 ° C, if this temperature did not last long.

Butia

Not very tall - usually 3-5 meters - palm trees of this species are common in Brazil. Despite their southern origin, they are cold resistant. Guests of the resort are immediately struck by the graceful curvature of their gray-green leaves. Connoisseurs advise trying jam made from butia fruits. It tastes like apricots. There are five subspecies of this tree in the city:

  • bonnet,
  • hairy,
  • yatai,
  • cover,
  • capitate.

Trachycarpus

Biologists name six varieties of trachycarpus. In Sochi, Fortune is most often found. The plant spreads throughout the subtropical zones of the planet from Japan, Myanmar and China. It is these countries, as well as the Himalayas, that are considered the birthplace of trachycarpus. Fortuna, reaching a height of five, and sometimes even 20 meters, has a straight trunk and dark green fan leaves.

This group is frost hardy and grows even in Ireland. In Sochi, this palm tree is often called the Chinese fan. It is characterized by abundant flowering. The trunk of mature trees is covered with the remains of dead leaves.


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