How tall do kwanzan cherry trees get


Everything You Need to Know About Kwanzan Cherry Trees

Kwanzan cherry trees have a reputation for being some of the showiest cherries at the National Cherry Blossom Festival, with dramatic, deep pink double-blossoms. But Kwanzan cherry trees are eye-catching year-round, with leaves that emerge a rich red-copper hue before taking on a green shade and finally turning yellow in fall. These trees can be planted as specimen trees, in a tasteful row, or even as a bonsai in a container. Unfortunately, their lifespan is only 15-25 years.

Kwanzan Cherry Trees at a Glance

  • Double-blossoms
  • Don’t bear fruit
  • Low-maintenance
  • National Cherry Blossom Festival staple
  • Leaves change color year-round
  • Short-lived

Appearance

Kwanzan cherry trees grow in a lovely vase shape, with serrated leaves that grow to roughly 4-5 inches in length. Their leaves emerge reddish-copper before turning a glossy, deep green in the summer to yellow and bronze in the fall. The trees grow to be 30-40 feet tall with a 30-40 foot spread, and have a moderate growth rate of 12-24 inches per year.

Specifications

AppearanceVase shape, leaves change throughout the year from red-copper to green and yellow. Double blossoms are deep pink and bloom in large clusters of three or five.
Height30-40 feet
Hardiness ZonesZones 5-9
Type of treeDeciduous
Sunlight requirementsFull sun to partial shade
Soil compositionMoist, well-drained, loamy, sand and clay soils
Lifespan15-25 years

Hardiness Zones

USDA Hardiness Zones indicate the determined regions where different types of plants will thrive. Kwanzan cherry trees flourish in Zones 5-9, across the country as far north as Nebraska and south as Texas.

Planting

Kwanzan cherry trees can be planted as bold focal points as stunning, specimen trees, in rows, along buffer strips and driveways, or even as a bonsai in a container. When planting your cherry tree, choose a location with well-draining soil and full sunlight. If you plant several, space them 12-15 feet apart from the center of the trunk.

Kwanzan cherry trees’ roots have a difficult time competing with grass, so plant them in a raised mound bed, especially if you’re worried about poor drainage. The mound should be 12-18 inches above the surrounding soil. If your climate is hot, spread a layer of mulch that is 3-4 inches deep.

Make sure it’s moist after planting by poking your finger into the soil and checking the moisture. If it feels moist, you don’t need to water. If it feels dry, water deeply.

Growing Conditions

Kwanzan cherry trees are relatively low-maintenance, able to grow in a range of sunlight hours and soil. However, they are short-lived due to their susceptibility to pests and disease.

Sun and shade

Kwanzan cherry trees thrive in full sunlight, with at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. However, they can also tolerate partial shade.

Soil

The key aspects of soil for these cherry trees are well-draining and moist. Other than that, Kwanzan cherry trees aren’t too picky. They will do well in loamy, sand, or clay soils, and can tolerate both acid and alkaline pH levels.

Watering

Water your Kwanzan cherry tree deeply but irregularly, one to two times per week. If the top two inches of soil are dry, it’s time to water.

Fertilizing

You won’t need to fertilize your Kwanzan cherry tree for the first year or two, but after, to boost growth, fertilize with a slow-release, nitrogen-rich blend in the spring.

Pruning

Kwanzan cherry trees do not require pruning unless you see diseased or dying limbs, which should be cut immediately. However, you can prune to shape and cut off any limbs that are growing too heavy for the base of the tree. Only prune after the tree has flowered for the season.

Pests & diseases

Troublesome pests that target Kwanzan cherry trees include aphids, caterpillars, borers, scale, spider mites, and Japanese beetles. Common diseases include powdery mildew, root rot, leaf curl, and fireblight.

Frequently Asked Questions

How fast do they grow?

They grow at a moderate rate of 13-24 inches per year.

Do they bear fruit?

They are sterile and do not bear fruit.

How tall do they get?

They grow to be about 30-40 feet tall.

How do you care for a Kwanzan cherry tree?

It’s important to make sure Kwanzan cherry trees receive adequate irrigation and full sunlight, and that their prevalent pest and disease issues are dealt with.

To share feedback or ask a question about this article, send a note to our Reviews Team at [email protected].

How to Grow and Care for Japanese Flowering Cherry

The spectacular ornamental specimen trees known as Japanese flowering cherries comprise various cultivars of the Prunus serrulata species. Most sold commercially are 'Kansan' ('Kwanzan'), or 'Sekiyama' cultivars; the pure species is rarely planted. There are other flowering cherry trees available, but these P. serrulata cultivars are favorite choices for home landscapes since they are smaller, tidy trees that don't create any fruit and have a very attractive, upright, vase-shaped growth habit. (Though the cultivars don't grow fruit, the straight species Prunus serrulata does.) These trees erupt in gorgeous white to pinkish-red blossoms during the spring months.

Cherry trees are normally planted in the fall, well before frost to give them a chance to establish roots. These are fast-growing (1 to 2 feet per year), but rather short-lived trees. The leaves, stems, and seeds of cherry trees are toxic to pets and humans.

Common Name Japanese flowering cherry, Kanzan cherry, Oriental cherry
Botanical Name Prunus serrulata cultivars
Family Rosaceae
Plant Type Deciduous tree 
Mature Size 15–25 ft. tall , 13–26 ft. wide
Sun Exposure Full
Soil Type Loamy, well-drained
Soil pH Neutral (6.7 to 7.1)
Bloom Time Spring
Flower Color Pinkish red blooms
Hardiness Zones 5–8 (USDA)
Native Areas China, Korea, Japan
Toxicity Seeds, leaves, stems toxic to humans and animals

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova

Japanese Flowering Cherry Care

Grow Japanese cherry trees in full sun and in well-drained loamy soil with plenty of humus. Planting is best done in the early fall, generally from container-grown nursery specimens. Keep the soil evenly moist, because this is not a drought-tolerant tree. While some cultivars grow to be moderately large, it's possible to grow Japanese flowering cherry trees in containers or even as bonsai plants if you choose a compact cultivar.

These are temperamental plants that are susceptible to a large number of pest and disease issues. Careful care can keep the plant healthy enough to resist many problems, but don't be surprised if your tree succumbs after 15 to 20 years. It's a rare year where you won't be treating the tree for some insect or fungal disease, but the spectacular spring bloom is worth it for most gardeners.

Light

Japanese cherry trees grow best in full sun, which means it needs at least six hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight each day to produce optimal blossoming. However, the tree can tolerate partial shade.

Soil

This type of cherry tree will tolerate a variety of soil types, but it prefers moist, fertile, well-drained loam with a relatively neutral pH. Ideal soil will make this plant less susceptible to the many fungal diseases that can plague the species.

Water

Japanese flowering cherry prefers plenty of moisture—at least 1 inch per week. Add a layer of mulch to the top of the soil to keep it moist and insulated, particularly during the winter months. Once well-established, Japanese flowering cherry will tolerate short droughts.

Temperature

Japanese cherry trees have been known to survive winter temperatures down to minus 10 degrees Fahrenheit, which means that they can be borderline hardy in the northern part of zone 5. Zones 5b to 8a are ideal climates, as more southern gardens may not provide the 45-degree winter dormancy these trees need.

Prolonged periods of cool, wet, and humid summer weather can be a problem for these trees, since it fosters a number of fungi that can create serious disease for cherry trees.

Fertilizer

Feed Japanese cherry trees once a year in the spring with a fertilizer that's specifically developed to be used with cherry trees.

To fertilize organically, back-fill with some compost when planting and top-dress periodically thereafter, watering the nutrients into the soil.

Types of Japanese Flowering Cherries

The genetic heritage of the Japanese flowering cherry is a complicated one, as P. serrulata likely is the result of crossbreeding of many wild species, along with the Oshima cherry (Prunus speciosa). Most commercially available Japanese cherries are grafted trees, in which ornamental cultivar branches are fused to a wild cherry rootstock.

There are several popular award-winning cultivars of P. serrulata, including:

  • 'Kanzan' is a very popular variety that grows up to 30 feet high and 25 feet wide, with deep pink double blossoms. This is the most popular of all Japanese flowering cherries.
  • 'Kiku-shidare', also known as Cheal's weeping cherry, has arching, cascading branches. It grows to 15 feet tall and wide and has rich pink double blossoms.
  • 'Fugenzo' has beautiful white flowers that gradually turn pink. It grows to 30 feet tall and wide.
  • 'Shirotae' has large pure white flowers, up to 2 inches across. Growing to a maximum of 20 feet with slightly arching branches, it is ideal for small landscapes.
  • 'Asano' has puffy, full flowers resembling those of chrysanthemums. It grows to 20 feet.

Pruning

Generally speaking, very little pruning is necessary for Prunus serrulata cultivars, other than removing damaged branches. In fact, the more you prune, the more likely you are to allow fungal diseases to take hold.

If you need to prune, do so after the tree flowers. Make sure to sterilize your cutting tools after each cut. Sometimes, the limbs can grow too quickly and heavy for the base. Prune away the heavy branches as needed.

Propagating Japanese Cherry Trees

Most ornamental cherry trees are created by grafting branches from a selected cultivar onto the hardier rootstock of a wild cherry. Therefore, propagating them yourself is an iffy prospect, since the plants resulting when you root stem cuttings will not have the hardy rootstock. The shape, size, and overall vigorousness can be quite different than your parent plant. But if you wish to experiment with propagating through stem cuttings, here's how to do it:

  1. Take a semi-hardwood cutting from the tree during the summer months, choosing a branch that has two to four leaf nodes and leaves.
  2. Cut off a 4- to 8-inch section at a horizontal angle and remove the leaves from the bottom two-thirds of the branch. Dip the cutting into rooting hormone.
  3. Push the cut end into a mixture of half perlite and half sphagnum peat moss. Pat down the soil around it.
  4. Place a loosely secured plastic bag over the container, and move the pot to a sunny location. Mist the cutting twice a day to keep the soil moist.
  5. After two to three months, gently tug on the cutting to see if it's rooted. If there's resistance, let the cutting grow until the roots have filled the pot.
  6. When ready, transfer the plant to a gallon-sized container filled with potting soil and move it outside to let it acclimate to temperatures for a week before transplanting the tree to a location with full sun.

How to Grow Japanese Flowering Cherry From Seed

Most Japanese flowering cherry tree cultivars are sterile and produce no fruit. Thus, propagating by seed is not an option.

Potting and Repotting

Most ornamental cherry trees are too large for container growing, but if you choose a smaller cultivar of P. serrulata and are willing to prune regularly, it is possible. Such plants can make excellent patio specimens.

Use ordinary commercial potting soil in a large, deep, well-draining container. Repotting will be difficult, so start with the largest container possible. Some experts recommend replacing a good portion of the potting soil every two to three years. Feed the plant with a good controlled-release fertilizer each spring. A potted tree will need to be watered regularly—several times a week in hot weather.

Overwintering

Over much of their hardiness range, Japanese flowering cherries require no winter protection. However, gardeners in the northern part of the range (zone 5) may want to mulch the ground around young trees with a thick layer of dry straw or leaves to protect the roots from cold over the winter months.

Clean up of fallen leaves and other debris can prevent fungal diseases and insect larvae from overwintering to reappear in the spring.

Common Pests and Plant Diseases

Unfortunately, these beautiful trees are susceptible to many pests and diseases. In fact, their susceptibility to a number of pests earns them the dreaded "short-lived trees" label. Gardeners who want to enjoy the spectacular beauty of Japanese flowering cherry should be prepared to spend considerable time treating pests and diseases.

Peachtree borers are a notable pest problem for these (and other) cherry trees. For borer control, most experts simply advise keeping the tree vigorous (and therefore less susceptible to borer attack) by providing adequate irrigation and fertilizer. You can use spray pesticides formulated for peachtree borer to treat current infestations.

Other small pests that trouble this tree are scale insects, spider mites, and aphids. You can generally blast these pests off the leaves with a strong spray from your garden hose. Tent caterpillars will eat the leaves, so remove their silky nests as soon as you spot them before much damage can be done. Japanese beetles can also feed on the tree's foliage. Control severe infestations of Japanese beetles with spray insecticides

A number of serious diseases can affect Japanese cherry, including leaf spots, dieback, leaf curl, powdery mildew, root rot, and fireblight. Consult your local Extension service for diagnosis and solution recommendations.

How to Get Japanese Cherry to Bloom

Japanese flowering cherry trees will normally bloom quite robustly if they are healthy and in a favorable location (plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil).

One problem that can affect a tree's bloom is brown rot, a fungus that causes brownish spores to appear on the buds and blossoms. The flowers often shrivel and fall off before they can even open. Affected leaves and blossoms should be raked up and destroyed. Fungicides may offer some help for brown rot, but you may lose your tree's blossoms until next year.

A tree that gets nipped by hard frost just as the buds are appearing may also lose its blossoms for that year. This isn't a serious problem, as the tree will probably bloom just fine the next year. But branches that die back should be removed.

Common Problems With Japanese Cherry

Japanese flowering cherry trees are prone to quite a number of common symptoms, a few of which are listed here. Keeping your tree healthy is the best preventive measure, but the Japanese flowering cherry is a tree that sometimes requires a professional arborist to diagnose and treat problems.

Bark Splitting

A significant problem is bark-splitting, whereby large cracks emerge in the trunk. Such a crack can allow disease organisms to enter and subsequently cause decay. As a solution, trace with a knife just outside the split in the trunk and then remove the bark from inside the traced area. This will prevent the crack from expanding and, if the tree is otherwise healthy, the area should callous over, preventing the incursion of disease organisms.

Gummy Residue Around Trunk

This is often an indication that the tree is fighting peach tree borers. You may also see wounds and cankers on the trunk of the tree when borers are attacking. Permethrin or other powerful insecticides will likely be necessary to control these pests, but take care not to spray during the bloom period, as this will kill pollinating bees.

Ragged Holes in Leaves

This is usually caused when Japanese beetles are feeding on the foliage. One effective method of control is to use pyrethrin-based insecticides. Horticultural soaps can also be effective, though application on a full-sized tree can be problematic.

Ake

Article Sources

The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.

  1. Toxic Plants (by Common Name). University of California Agriculture, and Natural Resources.

  2. Cherry. ASPCA.

  3. “Insect Pests | Edible Landscapes.” The Ohio State University. Accessed August 11, 2021.

90,000 sakura - Japanese cherries / decorative

Content Photo: Vishnya Sargenta (Prunus Sargentii), variety 'Accolade'
What is Sakura
Japanese cherries Sakura - cherries decorative
• c. finely serrated (rural)
• c. Sargent (Sakhalin)
• c. winter (shaggy)
• c. bell-shaped (Taiwanese)
• c. Edos (Somei Yoshino)
• to Niponian (Kuril)
• c. carved (Fuji)
• c. ferruginous (Chinese shrub)
About growing ornamental cherries

What is sakura

Sakura causes reverence among the people of Japan and is one of the symbols of the Land of the Rising Sun. Admiring the blossoming sakura and holding picnics under its crown has long become a national tradition called “hanami” holiday . Wonderful trees, shrouded in a pink or white cloud of flowers, enchant us too. But not everyone knows exactly what sakura is? It seems to be similar to cherries, plums, apricots, but at the same time it is not them.

Indeed, sakura belongs to the same genus Plum as the tree species listed above, which is why they are all so similar. And from a botanical point of view, all plants of the genus Prunus (Prunus) can be called sakura (in addition to the first, you can add almonds, peaches, and laurel cherries here). However, in the Japanese tradition, sakura is considered to be exclusively cherries of the following characteristics.

All of them have large and numerous flowers on long peduncles. They bloom before the leaves appear on majestic cherry trees, the beauty of which leaves no one indifferent. In autumn, cherry blossom leaves take on an orange-purple hue. In some varieties, the leaves are bronze at the beginning of blooming. The fruits of Japanese sakura cherries are small, often few in number, bitter in taste, and by and large are suitable only for bird feed. These are the main characteristics of sakura. That is, in fact, Japanese decorative cherries can be called sakura.


Unfortunately, indigenous Japanese beauties rarely survive here, due to the difference in the climate of the countries. But the cherry blossoms of the northernmost latitudes of Japan and shrub species and hybrids of cherries are more adapted to our area and may well become the highlight of gardens and parks here. Such plants are often called "northern sakura". Shrubs are cultivated not only in the bush, but also in the standard form in the form of a tree. Here are examples of the brightest Japanese sakura and sakura "northern" - decorative cherries.

Japanese sakura cherries and other ornamental cherries

There are about 200 species, hybrids, varieties and varieties of sakura in Japan. The most common of them is serrated cherry (Prunus serrulata) . It is also called rural cherry. These are fast-growing trees, they can reach a height of 10 meters or more. They bloom in white or pink flowers. On the territory of Russia, they are not very common, as they can freeze slightly and not bloom. Some hybrid varieties of small-serrated cherries are distinguished by better frost resistance than the species. You can read about sakura cherry serrate here .

Very decorative, hardy in terms of both frost resistance and drought, smoke and gas resistance, sakura species feel much better Sargent's cherry (Prunus sargentii) . In our country, it is better known as Sakhalin cherry (Prunus sachalinensis) , where it grows wild. It is often referred to as the "northern sakura". Since the tree is poorly propagated by seeds, and due to the small population, the species is listed in the Red Book in the Sakhalin Region.


Sargent cherry is also common in the north of Japan, in Korea, China, in the Primorsky Territory, in the Kuril Islands. It is found mainly in mountainous areas, where it can grow above 15 meters, usually not more than 8 m. Sakhalin cherry blossoms in late April and early May. In Moscow, in the Botanical Garden. Tsitsin and in the "Apothecary Garden" of the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University, the flowering period usually falls on mid-May. The flowers appear at the same time as the leaves open, which distinguishes this species from many Japanese cherries. Leaves in the period of blooming and in autumn have crimson hues. They are green in summer. Flowers up to 3.5 cm in diameter, simple, attractive to bees. The fruits are dark purple, small, inedible. There are varieties, including domestic selection. For landscaping the southern regions of Russia, the following are recommended:

Cypress . It grows as a tall tree (up to 4 m) with a pyramidal crown (hence the name). The leaves are brown, wrinkled, dull. The tree is very decorative. The flowers of Cypress sakura are large (up to 30 mm in diameter). The petals are pink. Fruitful variety. Berries with a diameter of 1.5 cm. Very tasty, sweet.

Roseanne . It also grows as a 4-meter tree, but with a wider rounded and compact crown than Cypress. The flowers are pink, up to 2.0 cm in diameter, 3-5 flowers per inflorescence. Fruits with mustard. Leaves with a brownish tint.

Winter cherry, Higan cherry, shaggy/pubescent/short-scutellate cherry – all these are names of one type of sakura Prunus subhirtella . This is a tree of hybrid origin, it has its own "zest" - in Japan it blooms very early, sometimes even in mild winters. Her weeping form is called Weeping Higan there. Hundreds of thousands of fans come to admire the flowering of the 1000-year-old weeping Higan during the Khanami festival every year. The tree has its own name - Miharu Takizakura.


A popular variety of this Japanese cherry ‘Snow Fountains’ grows as a weeping tree. The height of an adult plant does not exceed 5 meters. The flowers are white (hence the name). The tree is extremely impressive, it really resembles a living fountain. Leaves turn orange in autumn. Fruits in small berries of maroon, almost black color.

Shaggy cherry variety 'Autumnalis Rosea' Awarded by the Royal Horticultural Society. Semi-double flowers with pale pink petals bloom on weeping shoots. Winters up to -23 degrees. Often grown in standard form.

The variety ‘Fukubana’ is not much inferior to it. At first, the branches of the ornamental tree are directed upwards, but as they grow, they begin to take on a horizontal position. As a result, the crown takes the form of an umbrella. The flowers of this cherry are semi-double, pink-lilac, extremely beautiful. The leaves are green in summer and turn golden orange and red in autumn.


Thermophilic (up to -18 degrees) and charming Bell cherry (Taiwan) - Prunus campanulat a grows in Japan, China, Taiwan, Vietnam. Being brought to New Zealand, she adapted so much that she began to displace representatives of the local flora. The bell-shaped cherry has very large flowers, which are located one or 2-3 in an inflorescence. Their petals are cyclamen-red - the brightest in color among all cherries. At the beginning of blooming, they resemble a bell, later they take the form of a bowl. In our climate, bluebell cherries can only be grown in containers. And only in some regions of Russia, with proper care, it can grow in open ground. The cold must not last too long. In addition, flower buds can freeze from return frosts in cherries.

The most popular type of sakura in Japan is Edos cherry (Prunus yedoensis) hybrid origin with many different varieties. One of them is a variety ‘Ivensii’ with a weeping crown and white inflorescences is shown in the photo below. Cherry of Edos is called Yoshino Cherry, or Somei Yoshino Cherry in Japan. The words in the name mean the following: Yoshino - the area in Japan where this cherry originally grew; Somei - the village in which it began to be grown, currently it is one of the districts of Tokyo - Toshimo. The name "Edosian" comes from the city of Edo (as Tokyo used to be called). The flowering of the Edosian cherry resembles the flowering of apricot trees. This is a tree (up to 12 meters high) with fragrant white or pink simple flowers, up to 3.5 cm in diameter each. In inflorescence up to 6 flowers. They form small fruits, like any sakura - inedible.


Frost-resistant bush sakura include Niponian (Japanese Alpine) cherry - Prunus nipponica . One of its varieties grows in the Kuriles and is known as Kuril cherry (P. nipponica var. kurilensis) . This very decorative shrub can be grown on the territory of the Russian Federation, as it can withstand frosts down to -25-27 degrees. Its height can reach 2-5 m; in a culture, Kuril cherry can be grafted onto a bole. Flowering occurs in May, in autumn the plant is decorated with small inedible fruits. On sale you can find the 'Brillant' variety with pink (at the beginning), later - white flower petals and the 'Ruby' variety with pink inflorescences.

Prunus incisa has many beautiful varieties, which makes it attractive in amateur gardening in small gardens. Cherry is named after the famous Mount Fuji, and the definition of "carved" is given for a shallow cut on the leaves. This slow-growing Japanese sakura blooms with white flowers. It blooms one of the first, has frost resistance up to -20 degrees. Popular varieties include:

Kojou-no-mai . The variety is well formed by pruning and is suitable for a small garden. Grows up to 2 m in height, with a small annual increase. Blooms in March-April. The diameter of the flowers is average (up to 20 mm). The color of the petals is pale pink with a reddish tint. Leaves are green in summer and turn yellow and red in autumn.

Paean . This Fuji cherry grows as a compact bush or tree no more than 2 m high. It blooms in early spring. The leaves are bronze at the beginning of blooming, green in summer, orange-purple in autumn. The flowers are simple, with beautiful pink petals.

Mikinori . The variety got its name in honor of the Japanese botanist. This sakura is a low tree (up to 2.5 m) with a rounded crown. Blooms early - already in March. If the weather is cool, then flowering may begin in April. The flowers are large, the petals are pale pink with a burgundy center.

Lotte . Very decorative cherry with snow-white fragrant flowers on long stalks. Outwardly, they are a bit like cherry flowers. This variety is undersized, bushy. The height of the shoots reaches 1.2 m. Flowering begins in March.

Yamadey . A very interesting variety. The flowers of this sakura are white, drooping, reminiscent of snowdrops. Their diameter is 20 mm. This sakura grows as a compact tree, reaching a height of 3 m at the age of ten. Blooms in March (in some regions in May).


Oshidori . Slow-growing Fuji cherry with a spreading crown, no more than 4 meters high. Grows as a tree or shrub. blooms in April. At this time, there are no leaves on the branches yet. They are green in summer. autumn acquire a golden color. The flowers are medium in size, double. The petals are pale pink with a darker center.

Chinese bush glandular cherry (Prunus glandulosa) has long settled in Japan and can be recommended for our gardens. This "northern" sakura grows up to one and a half meters, sometimes a little more. In nature, it lives up to 100 years, that is, it is a long-lived plant. Petals on flowers last up to 14 days. They are pink shades, but gradually brighten, and at the end of flowering they become white. Among the varieties of this decorative cherry, the following can be distinguished:

Rosea Plena . The variety is very interesting, has burgundy twigs that can lean to the ground itself. The flowers of Rosea Plena are densely double, about 20 mm in diameter. At the beginning of flowering, the petals are red, but gradually turn pink. Flowering lasts from 7 to 10 days. This sakura blooms in April - May, when the leaves are already beginning to bloom. They have an oblong shape, covered with villi on the underside.

This variety is fruitful. Edible berries up to 10 mm in diameter. The plant is able to tolerate both short-term frosts and droughts. Grown in many regions of Russia. Cherry looks great in company with Canadian maple, red oak and other ornamental shrubs. You can even place it on slopes. The main thing is that the site is sunny, and the land is fertile.

Alba Plena . This cherry blossoms in May. It grows in a lush bush up to one and a half meters high. Double flowers with white petals.

About growing sakura

Sakura beauties are often capricious in our climate, but they can be "tamed" by choosing the right variety and planting site.

Sakura is grown like other cherries. They are allocated a sunny location, closed from cold winds. They grow well in light to medium soils with good drainage and neutral acidity.

To protect against fungal diseases, decorative cherries are sprayed with fungicides several times a season. Pruning is carried out in accordance with the requirements for a particular species / variety. Some of them benefit from low pruning (shrub cherries), others bloom only on biennial shoots (V. Sargent, V. Niponskaya) and require gentle pruning.

In our articles you can read how to grow sakura cherry serrate 0005 common cherry , felt cherry

As a substitute for Japanese ornamental cherries, you should pay attention to the following trees and shrubs that bloom beautifully in spring: Rex cherries, Maksimovich cherries, Maak bird cherry, felt cherries, steppe cherries, almonds, laurel cherries, splayed plum Nigra, blackthorn.

► Beautiful flowering shrubs (articles) plants ", www.pro-rasteniya.ru Return to section

If you liked the article, please share a link in your social network! Thank you!

< Previous Next >

Cherry - Kursk roots | Plant Nursery

Cherry is a plant belonging to the subgenus Plum of the Rosaceae family. The variety of varieties of this fruit and berry crop will not leave indifferent any gardener. Lush shrubs or neat trees with shallow roots will delight not only with delicious fruits in summer, but will also decorate your garden in a unique way in spring.

Published on

Description of cherry variety Prima
For more than two thousand years, cherry trees have been grown in gardens throughout Europe, because the fruits of this culture are not only tasty, but also beneficial to the body. More than 100 types of cherries are known, however, Prima is one of the most popular due to its high yield and unpretentiousness. Further, the Prima cherry variety is considered in detail, a photo and description of an adult tree and fruits are given, and the agricultural technology for growing this crop is given.
Height and dimensions of a mature tree
A mature Prima cherry tree is of medium size (up to 3 m in height) or vigorous (up to 3.5 m). The dense, slightly raised crown with medium-sized glossy leaves has a predominantly rounded shape. Cherries of this variety are recommended to be grown everywhere in the central region of Russia.

Description of fruits
Rounded dark red berries with juicy dense brightly colored pulp weigh from 3 to 4 g. The taste of the fruit is pleasant, with a rich cherry aroma, the stone is easily separated from the pulp.

Published

Breeders from Orel, who worked at the All-Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crops Breeding, set themselves the task of creating a new species that would have the most important requirements of gardeners:
Good frost resistance
Low tree growth
It's no secret, that these two indicators can be considered the most important for fruit crops. Even with a very large crop on a tree, it is important to collect and preserve it, but how to do this if you have to build ladders and fixtures during fruit ripening. Too severe winters are not typical for the Central region of Russia, but nevertheless, spring frosts often harm fruit trees - not only part of the crop is lost, but also the appearance of a tree grown with love deteriorates.
Therefore, the resulting hybrid Shokoladnitsa almost completely meets the requirements of gardeners - it is not particularly thermophilic, it does not get sick much. Two varieties popular and beloved by gardeners are taken as a basis - Lyubskaya and Chernaya cherries, the new hybrid took all the best from its primary sources.

Published

Medium-sized, fast-growing tree with a round, raised crown of medium density and good foliage. Fruiting on bouquet branches. The bark on the trunk and skeletal branches is brown. Shoots are medium, gray-green, with a small number of medium-sized white lentils. Buds are ovoid. A leaf of medium size, oval, with double-crested serration, smooth relief, matte surface, green color, without pubescence. The leaf petiole is short, of medium thickness, with anthocyanin coloration along the entire length of the petiole. There are 2 glands of medium size, dark red above the base of the leaf blade. Stipules are absent. The flowers are large, white, pink-shaped, the shape of the petal is rounded. The stigma of the pistil is located higher in relation to the stamens.
The fruits are medium (weight 3.8-4.1 g), rounded, with a rounded top, a medium depression at the base, an inconspicuous small seam. The stalk is long, with a fragile attachment to the stone. The fruits are dark red, with a small number of small integumentary points on the skin. The pulp of the fruit is dark red, with dark red juice, medium density, juicy. The stone is medium, smooth, well separated from the pulp. The taste is sweet and sour.
Fruits of medium ripening period - removable maturity in Michurinsk occurs in the second half of July. Transportability is good. Chemical composition: sugars - 12.08; acids - 1.54%; ascorbic acid - 34.66 mg / 100g. General purpose variety.
Medium flowering time. The variety is self-fertile. The best pollinators: Zhukovskaya, Morozovka, Lebedyanskaya, Griot Michurinsky. Fruiting for 4-5 years. Productivity is regular, 60-80 c/ha in Michurinsk conditions. Suitable for vibratory shaking. The tree is highly winter-hardy, drought-resistant, with high field resistance to coccomycosis.

Published by

Trees are low, of medium vigor, up to 2.8 - 3.5 meters high. The crown most often acquires a broad pyramidal shape. In the habitus, features common with parents are visible - straight and smooth shoots covered with dark brown bark, and dense large buds - this is typical for sweet cherries. And the crown of the Duke is more like a cherry, as well as the leaves, however, they are somewhat larger. The base of the leaf plate is rounded, the top is blunt-pointed, the edge is serrate-crenate. The surface of the leaf is slightly glossy, dark green, the underside is lighter, protruding veins are clearly visible on it. Inflorescences are collected in brushes, consisting of 6 - 8 flowers. The flowers of the variety are shaped like cherry flowers, but larger in size. If the weather is warm, Nochka blooms early - in mid-May. In cool regions, flowering is late and occurs at the beginning of June, which, accordingly, shifts the ripening time. Flowering is plentiful. The fruits of the Duke are large, weighing up to 7 grams, wide heart-shaped. The skin is glossy, dark red. The pulp is dense and juicy, burgundy-red, the juice is colored. The taste qualities are excellent. The taste, in which the leading note is sweetness, is more like cherry, but the smell is cherry, pronounced. Evaluation of tasters - 4. 7 points. The stone of the Nochka is medium in size, it is separated from the pulp by half. l

Published on

Characteristics The period when cherries come into fruition can be judged by the reviews of those who grow this variety - the first harvest appears in the 3rd year; from the described observations of varietal characteristics, which were carried out at the Melitopol Experimental Horticulture Station named after. M.F. Sidorenko IS NAAN, we can conclude that the beginning of the growing season falls on March 22, the beginning of flowering - April 21, the end of flowering - May 1, fruit ripening - June 2, the end of leaf fall - November 13; according to Internet sources, the productivity of the Vocation is not bad - a seven-year-old tree brings up to 25 kg; cherry immunity is quite strong. There is resistance to coccomycosis, fruit moniliosis, the plant is not afraid of hawthorn mites; the frost resistance of the variety is not bad, given its southern "roots". Without any special damage withstands frosts at -25 ° C. But fruit buds can suffer due to changes in winter temperatures, when the thaw is again replaced by frost. But for a tree, this is a small problem, since its resilience is excellent; the plant has good drought tolerance; ripe fruits may not fall off the branches for a week and a half; transportability of drupes is not bad; the method of using the fruit is universal. Cherry is consumed fresh with pleasure, allowed for processing and canning.

Published on

The trees are characterized by medium vigor (height - 1.5 - 3 m), the crown is slightly spreading, rounded, moderately dense and medium leafy. Shoots of medium thickness, curved shape, reddish-brown color. Lenticels of medium size, silvery-yellow color, rarely located on the shoot. Buds of medium size, pointed, without pubescence, lagging behind the shoot, painted brownish-gray. The leaves are larger than average size, oblong-oval in shape, with doubly or triply serrations along the edge, the color is dark green. Leaf blade with a slight gloss, in shape - slightly concave in the form of a boat and curved downwards, the base is rounded, the apex smoothly passes into the tip. The petioles are long, medium in thickness, hairless, purple-red in color on the illuminated side. Stipules are large, long, not falling for a long time. Inflorescences 5-flowered. The flowers themselves are quite large (about 3 cm in diameter), white in color. The petals are rounded, above average in size. The pistil and stamens in the flower are the same length. Calyx conical, hairless, tinted green. The fruits are tied mainly on bouquet branches, partly on last year's growths. The fruits of the Zhukovskaya cherry are outwardly attractive, large (the average weight of a berry is 4 g, individual specimens reach 6-7 g), oval-heart-shaped with a rounded base and an oval apex. The skin is dark red. The pulp is quite dense in texture, juicy, dark red, with a very pleasant sour-sweet taste, similar to the taste of sweet cherries. The highest tasting score is 5.0 points. The juice is dark in color. Stone of medium size (0.29g +/- 0.01), occupies 7.7% relative to the weight of the berry, oval-ovoid in shape (12.0 × 8.3 mm), separability from the pulp is good.

Published

When laying a garden, gardeners have the right to choose from dozens of varieties and hybrids of fruit crops. Among the most popular is the Molodezhnaya cherry, the description of the variety will help the owners of household plots to better study the plants and get the maximum possible yields from it. Read more "Youth"

Posted on

Shpanka is an early ripe cherry variety of national selection, obtained in Ukraine. More precisely, it is a cherry-cherry hybrid (duke). At home, Shpanka is found everywhere, especially in amateur gardens. Outside of his own country, this duke gained the greatest popularity in Moldova and Russia. Read more "Shpanka (duke)"

Published

The Turgenevka cherry variety, or as it is also called Turgenevskaya, was bred in 1979. Cherry Zhukovskaya served as the parent variety. The main advantage of Turgenevka is its frost resistance, although, like all fruit trees, it does not respond well to frost during the flowering period and sudden changes in temperature. Continue reading "Turgenevka"

Published

Delivery standard: two-year-old seedling OKS. Seedling height 0.9 - 1.1 m. May.
A table variety of medium maturity, bred at the All-Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding.
Tree of medium size, height up to 3 m. The crown is medium dense, reverse pyramidal. Fertility is average. Read more "Muse"

Published

Early maturing variety. The tree is medium-sized, up to 3 m high. Fruits weighing 4.1-4.5 g, rounded, height 16.0 mm, width 15.0 mm, thickness 16.0 mm. The fruits are dark red. The pulp is red, medium density, juicy, the juice is red. Fruit ripening early (July 1). Continue reading "Gift for teachers"

Published

Hungarian cherry variety.
Medium-sized tree.
The variety is self-fertile. The ripening period is mid-July.
The fruits are large or very large, weighing 6-7 g, red, juicy, sweet and sour, they make excellent compote and jam. Read more "Pandy"

Posted on

It is impossible to imagine a garden without cherries - one of the most beloved fruit crops. In spring it is a cloud of delicate flowers, and in summer it is an abundance of delicious ripe berries.


Learn more