How tall do lime trees get


How Big Do Persian Lime Trees Get? | Home Guides

By M.T. Wroblewski Updated March 28, 2022

As longtime gardeners know, sometimes, choosing a plant isn't so much a matter of “ticking all the boxes” but “unticking” a box, too. Case in point: Persian lime tree (Citrus x latifolia, USDA zones 9 and 10​)​ height. Since this tree can stand about 15 to 20 feet tall (and between 10 and 15 feet wide), its frame can give almost anyone second thoughts about whether it will fit in an outdoor space. That can change once you learn an “inside secret” that many lime tree lovers are eager to share.

Tip

A Persian lime tree can grow to between 15 and 20 feet tall. But it's simple to limit it to about 6 feet tall by growing it in a pot.

Grow a Persian Lime Tree in a Container

There's no reason to forgo the luscious limes you crave when you learn that you can grow a lime tree in a pot and keep it to about 6 feet tall, according to the Tree Center Plant Supply Company. Call it your own dwarf lime tree, and with regular pruning, you can make it even shorter if you like.

Despite the fact that a smaller tree will produce less fruit, a good argument can be made that a tree grown in a pot (and placed on wheels) offers the advantage of mobility. So if you decide that you'd rather look at your lime tree from across the patio instead of sitting right next to it, you can easily slide it to the other side. You can't do this when a tree is planted in the ground.

And if you're trying to restrain your enthusiasm because you're worried about thorns, you can “untick” another box. Unlike other citrus trees, a Persian lime tree has no thorns. So you don't have to inspect those rich green, glossy, Persian lime leaves before you move the tree unless you choose to admire its graceful, arching form.

Learn About Persian Lime Tree Care

Now that you know you can grow a smaller Persian lime tree in a pot, be sure to use the right potting soil. One designed for citrus trees is optimal. But combining 2 parts of regular, well-draining houseplant soil with 1 part cactus soil will work, too. Be sure to water the soil when you discover that the top 2 inches have gone dry. And use a citrus fertilizer regularly.

Like all citrus trees, a Persian lime tree loves full sun but should be brought indoors when overnight temperatures drop to about 45 degrees Fahrenheit, U.S. Citrus Nursery says. Then it's time to bring it indoors (another time when wheels make a difference) to a brightly lit but cool room.

Once nighttime temperatures climb to 45 or 50 degrees Fahrenheit, the tree can go back outdoors. But still stay alert for high winds as the seasons change. Citrus trees tend to recoil in the wind, and the branches can break if the tree is knocked over. Although limes typically are made of tougher stuff than lemon trees, it may be a good idea to avoid the stress (on you and the tree) until warmer, calmer conditions return.

Collect Persian Lime Recipes

As much as you may enjoy the ambiance of your Persian lime tree, an entirely new phase of enjoyment will begin when you can finally pluck limes from the branches. The process begins some time between January and early spring, when flowers begin to bloom on the tree. The flowers eventually develop into fruit. And when they turn dark green, they're ripe enough to pick. (The coloring also infers that the limes are amply filled with juice, though the juice content will increase the longer the limes remain on the tree.)

It's a good idea to store the limes in paper, not plastic, bags so they don't “sweat” and succumb to rot. The limes should remain good on your counter, unless you prefer to keep them cool in your refrigerator.

You may already have plans for your limes, but you can find a treasure trove of Persian lime recipes, ranging from drinks such as daiquiris and mojitos, main courses like roasted lime chicken, and steak with chipotle-lime chimichurri, to cool desserts like key lime blondie bars. Adding to your recipe collection of Persian lime recipes is yet another way you can “tick all the boxes.”

References

  • The Tree Center Plant Supply Company: Persian lime tree
  • U. S. Citrus Nursery: Persian (Bearss) Lime Tree

Writer Bio

Maryhoned her journalism skills in two of Chicago's scrappiest newsrooms:The Daily Herald and then the Chicago Sun-Times. She took thisknowledge, combined it with her experience in running two marketingcommunication companies and now writes about communication,marketing, careers and other timely business topics for myriadnational publications.

Lime Trees for Sale - Buying & Growing Guide

Lime Trees – Buying & Growing Guide

by Mary Van Keuren | Gardener (30+ Years Experience) – last update on December 2, 2021

Lime trees are easily grown outside in the southern parts of the U.S., but they also adapt well to pots, and are a fruitful edition to the indoor garden. An indoor lime tree may, in fact, bloom and set fruit just as well as its outdoor cousin, and provide a small but tasty harvest throughout the year.

How to Grow Lime trees

How to plant lime trees

Plant your lime tree in a location that gets at least six to eight hours of full sun per day. Choose a site that drains well, or — if you’re planting your sapling in a pot or planter — choose a light soil mix that is sandier than usual so that water won’t pool around the plant.

Dig a hole for your tree twice as wide as the root ball and a bit deeper. Remove your tree from its container and tease out any circling roots so they don’t girdle the tree and eventually strangle it. Place the tree in the hole so the top of the root ball is level with the soil. Backfill (replace the dirt you removed from the hole) with soil that’s mixed with compost and tamp down well.

Water the sapling well after planting. Give it enough that the ground seems saturated, wait until the water has seeped down, then give it another drink. Water your sapling several times a week until the tree has acclimated to its new home, which will take several months.

How to achieve maximum results

Handle your sapling carefully before you plant it. Keep it in a shady location and give it a good watering when you bring it home. If you live in a northern climate (anything north of zones 9-10), you’ll want to plant your lime tree in a pot so you can bring it inside in the winter. Lime trees can’t handle temperatures that are lower than about 40 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep your tree in a sunny window through the winter, or under grow lights, and it should be fine.

How to Care for Lime Trees

Watering and nutrients

For the first few months, water your lime tree at least once a week as it gets used to its new location. After that, give it a drink if you get less than one inch of rain during the week. If the tree’s leaves begin to fall off, it may be because it needs supplemental watering, so check it carefully every few days, especially during drought conditions.

Lime trees need regular nutrients. You can top-dress the area with enriched compost every few months, or you can feed your tree regularly (follow package directions for frequency) with a fertilizer formulated for citrus trees. In the winter, you can scale back on fertilizer. In the spring, give your tree the suggested dose of a fertilizer formulated with micronutrients such as iron and magnesium.

Pollination

Unlike many types of fruit, lime trees do not need to have multiple trees near each other to provide fruit. Each flower on a lime tree contains male and female parts, so pollination happens with just one tree. Bees and other small insects transfer the pollen from one flower to another. If you are growing your lime tree indoors, you will need to pollinate by hand, using a paintbrush or cotton swab to transfer pollen from flower to flower.

Pruning

Lime trees don’t require a great deal of pruning. Trim back diseased or broken limbs, or any branches that are rubbing against each other. If you are trying to keep your lime tree to a certain size, you can prune back any branches that are too high. If you are hoping to keep your tree small, consider planting a dwarf or semi-dwarf variety.

Pests and diseases

Lime trees may be susceptible to citrus canker, a bacterial infection you can control by using a copper fungicide. This fungicide will also control melanose, greasy spot, and sooty mold, which causes blackened leaves. Trim any infected leaves before applying the fungicide.

Common insects that may be found on lime trees include aphids, citrus whitefly, and citrus thrips. You can handle these insects with an insect spray that includes spinosad. This type of insect spray is approved for use in organic settings.

Harvesting

When your lime tree forms fruit, prune out any more than two or three limes per cluster. To know when it’s time to harvest, pick one lime and cut it open. You want fruit that is juicy and light green. Limes that are wrinkled have been left on the tree too long.

Light

Lime trees are sun lovers, and they should ideally be grown in a position of full sun. Lime trees grown in even partial shade may become straggly as they search out a light source. Take care when planting in the ground that you choose a location where the tree will get full sun, as lime trees can become stressed and suffer if you attempt to dig them up and move them in the future.

Many types of lime trees, especially dwarf varieties, are ideal for growing in containers. The benefits of container-grown lime trees are that you can move them to a sunnier spot if you find they are struggling, and you can also move them inside if the weather gets cooler.

Temperature

Lime trees like warm temperatures and can only grow year-round in temperate climates. The minimum temperature it can tolerate is around 50º F, so if temperatures are likely to dip below this, you will need to bring your lime tree inside in order for it to survive.

If you live in a region when temperatures typically drop to lower than 50º F, it is essential to growing your lime tree in a container pot so that you have the benefit of it being portable. As the weather gets colder, you can move your lime tree indoors to get through the winter, moving it back outside as spring returns.

Propagation

Lime trees can be grown from seed, air layering, or stem cuttings. While growing a lime tree from seed takes the longest, it is a very easy and reliable method of propagation. If you sow the seeds indoors, you can begin the propagation process at any time of year. Propagating from air layering or stem cuttings will need to be done in the summer. Both methods require roots to form from a healthy lime tree stem, with the difference being that air layering is done with the stem still attached to the mother tree. It can take anywhere from weeks to months for roots to develop from a lime tree stem, but once it begins to grow independently, it can bear fruit as soon as the following season.

Lime Tree Varieties

There are many varieties of lime tree, though often, lime trees found in garden centers are sold under the generic name of lime tree. For a particular variety of lime tree, you may have to seek out a specialist nursery. Some of the most popular types of lime tree include the following.

Citrus hystrix

Commonly known as the Kaffir lime tree, this variety of lime tree is popular for its use in Asian cuisine. It can be grown outdoors in mild climates, but its dwarf size of just five feet tall makes it ideal for growing inside. The foliage of this plant is dark green and glossy, and the leaves are harvested for use in recipes, adding flavor to Asian dishes such as curries and soups. In cooking, Kaffir leaves can be used fresh, dried, or frozen. The fruit of this tree is a similar size to the common lime, but the skin is a darker green and more heavily textured. The Kaffir lime is less juicy than its common counterpart and so is not typically grown for its fruit.

Citrus aurantifolia

This tree is commonly known as the Mexican key lime tree, West Indian lime tree, Omani lime tree, or bartenders’ lime tree. It grows easily and rapidly if ideal water and lighting requirements are met, to medium size of around eight to sixteen feet tall. The fruits of this tree are small and round and are especially juicy and flavorsome, making them popular for use in drinks and pies. This tree is especially sensitive to cold temperatures and should not be subjected to temperatures of less than 60º F. You should aim to provide this tree with around ten hours of full sun each day for it to thrive and feed it with a heavy nitrogen fertilizer.

Citrus × latifolia

Known as the Persian lime tree or the Tahiti lime tree, this plant is a hybrid between the Key lime tree and the lemon tree. It produces fruit which is seedless and green in color, though they become yellow as they age. The fruits of this tree are the most widely cultivated type of lime for commercial purposes, and most limes sold across the world are from this type of tree. It is often preferred to key limes because the fruits are larger and have no seeds, and the trees do not have thorns (University of Florida Extension).

Linden

Linden - Tilia
Fam. Linden

The fate of the linden is so closely connected with the history of Russian landscape art that it has long since become not just a favorite, but almost a native plant. It is impossible to imagine any Russian park without it. And above all, this is due to the extraordinary possibility of molding. Linden hedges are perhaps the most primitive thing that can be made from it. But there is also a berso, and green arbors, as well as balls, pyramids and other, very different geometric shapes. Interestingly, linden can be formed at almost any age, unlike many other deciduous trees.

Linden has a fairly typical crown shape, which can be unmistakably identified even from a distance. There is no other tree that has such a low crown with such a high arrangement of the lowest branches. It grows quite quickly, but at the same time it lives for a long time, which is a rare combination among woody plants. Up to 5 years, the linden grows slowly, reaching a height of about a meter, and then the growth rate increases every year; at 10 years old - already about 3 m, at 20 years old - 6-7 m, at 50-60 - about 15 m. The final size of the plant reaches 60-70 years (20-25 m), lives up to 200-300 (although there are and 500-year-old specimens near cities, and 1000-year-old specimens in "wild places").

Linden is rather undemanding to growing conditions. It is shade-tolerant, which is a big plus for hedges, which, as a result, are not as bare from below as with other plants. In addition, lindens are quite frost-resistant. The most popular - small-leaved linden - can withstand up to -40 degrees, but other species do not lag behind it.

Naturally, linden also has disadvantages. In spring, it leaves for a rather long time, like everything sheared from it, including hedges. And if this is a dacha where you do not leave in early spring, then you will not notice this. And if the house is with year-round living, then this can become a tangible problem for you. Linden does not always look good in autumn. In some years, it is really golden and unusually beautiful, but this does not happen every year. Valuable points include the fact that the linden quite easily tolerates a transplant at a mature and very mature age. It is no coincidence that fake large-sized ones are so often found on sale.

Two main forms are common in horticulture: large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos) and small-leaved or heart-shaped lime (Tilia cordata). These plants are very similar, and it is difficult to try to identify them by the size of the leaf blade. The main difference, according to which you cannot confuse them, is the presence of pubescence of the upper part of the leaf of the large-leaved linden, which is not present in the small-leaved linden.

Selection work, which is carried out with linden in America and Europe (we, alas, do not have it) confirms that there, too, the attitude towards this tree is very, very respectful. Here are some species, varieties and forms that are more or less suitable for growing in the conditions of the North-West and central Russia:

Large-leaved linden (Tilia platyphyllos) - Cone-shaped crown up to 40 m in height, flowering - late July (the very first of all lindens blooms), more suitable for regions with high humidity, leaves leaves earlier than others.

"Laciniata" - Narrow-columnar crown up to 10-15 m in height, flowering at the end of June, has deeply and unevenly dissected leaves, pointed at the end, which, moreover, often curl or twist, which makes the crown of the tree look very openwork.

"Orebro" - Narrow-conical crown (more broadly ovoid with age) up to 10-15 m in height, flowering - late June, the variety tolerates the city better than even the species, grows very slowly.

'Rubra' (aka 'Corallina') - Broad cone-shaped crown up to 30 m high, exceptionally stable in the city, flowering: June-July, young shoots are painted coral or orange-red in winter, autumn color is yellow, in dry summers suffer from premature leaf fall.

"Aurea" - A tree up to 15 m tall with a broad pyramidal crown, young yellow shoots and lemon leaves when blooming, which then turn somewhat yellow.

Small-leaved linden (Tilia cordata) - up to 30 m tall, blooms in early July, broad oval crown. Field protection strips, hedges, topiary forms are created from it. Aphids are less susceptible than large-leaved. In autumn - yellow, but not every year.

"Dila" - Pyramidal crown up to 30 m in height, stable in the city, flowering - early July.

"Greenspire" - Broad conical crown up to 15-20 m in height, flowering - early July, stable in the city, autumn color - golden yellow.

'Erecta' - Egg-shaped upright crown up to 20 m in height, flowering in July, stable in the city, slow growing cultivar.

'Rancho' - Narrow-conical crown up to 20 m tall, flowering - first half of July, leaves larger than other forms and varieties of this species , stable in the city. The leaves are dark green above and white-tomentose below.

"Brabant" - Slow growing tree up to 20 m tall with a dense, rather narrow crown. The leaves are dark green above, almost white below. In autumn it is yellow.

American linden (Tilia americana L.) "Nova" - A tree 25-30 m tall with a broad cone-shaped (in old age - round) crown, flowering - July, heat-resistant, unpretentious - grows even on the sands.

European linden - (Tilia europaea (=T.cordata x T.platyphyllos) - Cone-shaped crown up to 30 m in height, flowering - late June, early July, surpasses its parents in beauty and growth speed.

"Pallida" - Cone-shaped crown up to 30-35 m tall, flowering - June, July, the leaves do not fall off for a long time, the autumn color is bright yellow. Being grafted onto large-leaved linden, it often inherits from the rootstock the ability to shed leaves early. Many nurseries therefore grow it own root, propagating by layering

"Pallida Typ Lappen" - Pyramidal crown 30-35 m in height, flowering June-July.

'Wratislaviensis' - Young leaves of this variety are golden yellow, then turn a little green. When growing, golden young shoots create, as it were, a golden areola around the crown of the tree.

Crimean linden (Tilia euchlora) - Oval crown, branches hang down in old age, height 20-25 m, blooms in July, stable in the city. Less suitable for alleys than others, as the branches hang down, the autumn color is yellow.

Yellowing Linden (Tilia flavescens) "Glenleven" - Cone-shaped crown up to 30 m in height, flowering - late July, stable in the city, in autumn the leaves do not fall for a long time, retaining a green color, after becoming golden yellow.

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Varieties of linden. Biological features of various breeds. The most common types of linden tree

06/04/2018

Linden tree ( lats . Tília ), familiar to all of us, has many varieties. Since the time of the Swedish biologist Carl Linnaeus, who created the famous plant classification system, over 350 different species, hybrids and varieties of this tree have been described.

Plant characteristic

Linden belongs to deciduous plants with a powerful root system that penetrates deep into the soil. Trees can grow up to 600 or more years, while their height can reach more than forty meters, and the circumference of the trunk is as much as five meters, and sometimes even more.

The plant reproduces both by seeds and vegetatively.


Linden leaves are shaped like a heart with a pointed top, and small triangular teeth are located along the edges of the leaf blade.

Flowers usually have a yellow or cream tint, collected in a corymbose inflorescence. With their rich, pleasant aroma, they attract many bees. The fruits are small nuts with one or two seeds inside.

Linden grows best in regions with a humid and warm climate. It is very widely used in landscaping and decorating urban, rural, village streets, parks and squares, since the tree has a beautiful, spreading crown, is unassuming in care and has a lot of useful properties.

Now few people remember, but according to the ancient European tradition, the linden has always symbolized the feminine, so household items, jewelry, dishes, shoes and other utensils were made from its wood.

Linden is an excellent honey plant, and lime honey is rightfully considered one of the best and is highly valued because it has a powerful healing and healing effect.


According to the classical model of plant systematization developed by John Cronquist, linden species were previously separated into an independent family Linden (Latin . Tiliaceae ). But the latest research by scientists in the field of genetics has proven that these trees belong to the Malvaceae family (lat . Malvaceae ). Therefore, at present, according to the APG II classification system, lindens are assigned precisely to this family, forming the genus Lipa in it.

Also, many clarifications were made regarding the species of plants. Now 45 species of lindens are distinguished in the genus, and all the remaining numerous varieties are their forms, varieties and hybrids.

Interesting Facts

B In Ukraine, one of the oldest lindens is a tree planted in 1635 by the founder of the Kiev-Mohyla academy, Metropolitan Peter Mohyla. The planting of this plant was timed to construction of a new Church of the Tithes.

Height tree reaches fifteen meters, and the circumference of the trunk exceeds five meters.

Exists the legend that this linden has a special power and helps people in fulfillment of their desires. To do this, you should mentally turn to the tree with a request for help (happy marriage, success in business, travel, conceiving a child, etc.), and desired will surely come true. For reliability, it is recommended to go around the linden seven times against hour hand.

Another famous tree grows in Kyiv on the territory of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, it is known as the linden of Theodosius of the Caves. The height of the plant is about 18 meters, and the girth of the trunk is only a little less than six meters. It is believed that the tree is about 450 years old, and it was planted by one of the founders of the monastery, Abbot Theodosius.

Both patriarchal lindens are among the most famous trees in the capital of Ukraine and have the status of botanical monuments of nature.

The most common species of linden

European or common linden (lat. Tilia europaea )

The European linden was first described by Carl Linnaeus. Subsequently, it was found that it is a natural hybrid of two species: heart-shaped or small-leaved linden (lat. Tilia cordata ) and flat-leaved or large-leaved linden (lat. . Tilia platyphyllos ). Hybridization may have first occurred over a thousand years ago. In any case, individual 800-year-old specimens of European linden are now known, and according to some information, trees older than 1200 years were also encountered earlier.

As the name implies, this tree is widespread in European countries, although it is quite common in almost the entire territory of Eurasia, with the possible exception of the Far North.

According to its characteristics, the European linden is similar to the small-leaved linden, but inherited some features from the second ancestor, the large-leaved linden. It blooms two weeks earlier, grows much faster and has larger leaves. In addition, it is more resistant to adverse weather and climatic conditions, tolerates frost well. For this reason, this variety of linden is often used for landscaping cities.

The tree has a sprawling, dense, spherical crown of the correct shape. It grows up to forty meters in height. The circumference of the trunk can reach five meters. It is considered an ornamental plant.


The leaves are shiny, heart-shaped (up to 9 centimeters long), dark green, the lower part has a lighter shade.

European linden blooms in June and blooms for two weeks. The inflorescence consists of 3-8 flowers. The fruits are spherical in shape.

Prefers neutral soils and well-lit places.


Currently, there are ornamental varieties of this plant: split-leaved and vine-leaved limes.

Large-leaved linden This species, which is also called flat-leaved or summer linden, is widespread in Western Ukraine, European countries, Moldova, and the Caucasus.


A tree is a long-liver. It grows up to forty meters in height and can reach six meters in girth. The shape of the crown has the appearance of a sprawling pyramid. Grows quickly in fertile soils.

The leaves are dark green in color, ovoid in shape, very large (up to fourteen centimeters in length), covered with fine pile on top.

Large-leaved linden blooms in June, two weeks earlier than small-leaved linden, with yellow flowers, which are collected 2-5 pieces in drooping inflorescences. The fruit is oval, with five ribs and a hard nut shell. The tree perfectly tolerates adverse weather conditions, including drought, so it is ideal as a plant for landscaping parks and squares in the city.


Large-leaved linden also has several decorative forms: golden-leaved, vine-leaved and pyramidal.

Small-leaved, heart-shaped or winter linden (lat. Tilia cordata Mill )

Distributed in Europe, including Finland, in the Crimean-Caucasian region, in Western Siberia and the Urals.

The tree is a long-liver: specimens are known that are over 800 years old. It grows quite slowly, reaching a height of thirty meters. It has a spherical, spreading crown. It is noteworthy that the upper shoots rush vertically upwards, the middle ones grow horizontally, and the lower ones hang directly to the ground. The bark is yellow-gray. Small-leaved linden prefers fertile soils.


The leaves are small, long-petioled (from three to six centimeters), naked, have a pronounced heart shape. From above, the plate is painted in a rich green color, the underside is lighter, with a bluish tint.

The tree blooms at the end of June or beginning of July, covered with inflorescences directed upwards. Each of them has five to eleven small, light yellow flowers. Fruits in the form of small nuts ripen in August.

The plant is unpretentious and very hardy, because it is not afraid of frost and drought, although it prefers light and fertile soils. Widely used for landscaping parks, alleys, squares.

Siberian linden (lat . Tilia sibirica )

This species is widely distributed in Western Siberia. The tree lives for more than 200 years, reaches a height of thirty meters with a girth of the trunk up to five meters. The color of the bark is dark, brownish, the leaves are small (about 5 cm long), round, wedge-shaped with small villi. Blooms in late July or early August.


The flowers are yellowish, collected in inflorescences of 5-8 pieces. The fruit is a slightly oblong nut containing one to two seeds that usually ripen in September. The plant does not accept waterlogged soil, but tolerates shading well.


American or black linden (lat. Tilia americana )

American linden grows in eastern North America. The bark is grey, often of a rich dark hue, hence the name of the species.


The tree grows up to forty meters in height, although it grows quite slowly. The crown is very spreading, up to 20 meters in diameter. The leaves are large, oval-shaped and can reach 13 centimeters wide and 20 centimeters long.

It blooms in mid-July, forming inflorescences with clusters of flowers (from eight to fifteen pieces). It tolerates adverse weather conditions well, withstands temperatures down to minus 40 ° C, therefore it is widely used for planting greenery in cities.


There are also decorative varieties of American lime: vine-leaved, large-leaved and pyramidal.

Amur linden (lat . Tilia amurensis )

As the name implies, this species grows mainly in the Far East, in China and Korea, preferring to populate mountain slopes and river valleys. It has many similar features with small-leaved linden.

The tree can reach a height of thirty meters (with a meter trunk diameter) and lives on average up to 300 years. Crown shape is oval. The color of the bark is gray-brown.


The leaves are large, heart-shaped, up to seven centimeters long.

Amur linden blooms in June, and its inflorescences include from five to fifteen large flowers. Excellent honey plant (honey productivity - up to 1000 kg/ha).

Good resistance to severe frosts and adverse weather conditions. Recently, industrial felling of trees of this species has been banned.

The wood is used for carving and crafts.

Amur lime leaves are edible for livestock and can be harvested for the winter in the form of brooms.

Felt or silver or fluffy linden (lat . Tilia tomentosa )

This type of linden is widely distributed in culture, since it has a significant decorative value. The most popular varieties are Varsaviensis and Brabant.


Under natural conditions, felted linden is found mainly in Eastern and Central Europe, including Ukraine, as well as in western Turkey. But this tree is also grown far beyond its natural range - in the countries of Western Europe, in the Caucasus, in the Baltic States, in the southern and central regions of the Russian Federation.

The tree has a regular pyramidal crown shape, a straight trunk and reaches a height of thirty meters, although it grows quite slowly. When young, the bark is smooth to the touch and has a dark gray hue. The plant lives up to 200 years.

The leaves of the felted linden are large, oval in shape with a sharp tip and can reach a length of eight centimeters.

This type of linden is called silvery for a fluffy whitish coating on the back of the leaves. In bright sun, the edges of the leaves are bent upward, showing their lower part, which feels like felt to the touch. This creates the effect of silvering.

The plant blooms in the second half of July and blooms for 10 days. Flowers are collected in semi-umbrella inflorescences, painted in cream color.

Caucasian linden (lat. Tilia dasystyla subsp. caucasica )

The Caucasian linden is usually considered a subspecies of the pubescent linden ( Tilia dasystyla ), but some researchers distinguish it as an independent species or describe it as a subspecies of large-leaved linden. It is found in the countries of Asia Minor, in the Crimea and the Caucasus.

It reaches a height of 35 meters and a stem circumference of about two meters, although a unique tree with a trunk girth of more than six meters is known to grow in the Crimea. The crown of young plants has a conical shape, but as it grows, it becomes more rounded and dense. The bark is dark brown or grey. Trees of this species grow quickly and live up to 300 years. They are valuable ornamental plants.


Young shoots have a reddish bark. The leaves are very large (up to 15 centimeters in length), saturated green. The back side is lighter, whitish.

It blooms in late June or early July (inflorescences consist of three to seven flowers). The flowers are yellow, with a strong aroma.

The tree is unpretentious, tolerates drought and shading well, but is more thermophilic than previous species.

Linden ma Nzhurskaya (lat. Tilia mandshurica )

The plant is common in warm regions of the Far East.

In comparison with other species, it is rather low (up to 20 meters), often multi-stemmed. The crown is wide, oval.


The leaves are very large, up to thirty (!) centimeters long.

Flowering begins in July and lasts for three weeks.

Inflorescences of 8-12 flowers, very large, drooping. This allows the bees to collect nectar even in wet and rainy weather, since with this arrangement of inflorescences it is not washed away by precipitation.

Fruits in the form of nuts are very large (up to 1 cm in diameter), ripen in August.


The tree belongs to ornamental crops and has good resistance to adverse weather conditions.

Japanese linden (lat. Tilia japonica )

The Japanese linden was previously described as a subspecies of the small-leaved linden. However, studies of the plant genotype made it possible to isolate it into an independent species.

The Japanese linden is most common in East Asia, where it is very popular and even officially the symbol tree of the Japanese city of Nagano. There are more than forty forms and varieties of this plant, which are widely used for landscaping settlements.

The tree grows slowly, reaching a height of twenty meters. The crown has a neat oval shape.


The size of the leaves is relatively small, up to seven centimeters. From above they are painted in a rich green color, and on the back they have a lighter shade.

Japanese linden blooms late (late July - early August), and the flowering process lasts about two weeks. The flowers are small, up to one centimeter in diameter, collected in drooping inflorescences. The tree is an excellent honey plant.

Japanese linden is rather unpretentious and frost-resistant.

Linden medicinal properties

Linden flower tea is highly valued as it has exceptional healing properties. It is used as an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, diaphoretic, diuretic and expectorant.

Linden infusion is also used for neurosis, tonsillitis, colds, spasms of the intestines and stomach, cystitis and renal colic.


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