How tall do magnolia trees grow


How to Grow Magnolia Trees in Your Yard

Magnolias are one of the most beloved flowering trees you can plant in your garden, and with good reason: They’re breathtaking! “They bloom heavily and have large flowers that are unequalled,” says Andrew Bunting, author of The Plant Lover’s Guide to Magnolias, and vice president of public horticulture at the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society. “They also bloom at a young age, so even a tiny one-foot-tall plant will likely have flowers the next year. In five years, you’ll typically have a nice small tree.” Most types are moderate to fast growers, which is a plus if you’re an impatient gardener.

Magnolias are good as strictly ornamental plants, though they do produce berries that the birds enjoy in fall. They grow in tree or shrub form, and some are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves, while others remain evergreen. They have showy white, pink, reddish, purple, or yellow blooms, and many types are fragrant. Some types can grow to 100 feet tall and live for up to 200 years! To find the right one for your garden, read the plant tag or description before buying. Make sure to choose a variety that can survive winters in your USDA Plant Hardiness Zone. Then give your magnolia the right conditions, which is full sun of six or more hours per day. Magnolias also don’t like wet feet, so don’t plant them in soggy areas in your yard. And finally, pay attention to what the tag or description says is the plant’s mature size, so you give your magnolia plenty of room to spread out in the coming years.

So, how do you grow a magnolia tree? Here’s what you need to know.

Southern Magnolia

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Where do magnolia trees grow best?


The good news is that magnolias grow just about anywhere in the U.S. The most easily recognized type is the iconic Southern magnolia, an evergreen tree with huge, waxy white blooms that appear in summer. It thrives in Southern regions in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 to 10. “The flowers appear sporadically from May to July, but they have an intensely lemony scent with big, glossy green leaves,” says Bunting. This type of magnolia can grow up to 100 feet tall, although there are smaller cultivars, or types, available.

Saucer Magnolia

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Deciduous saucer magnolias, which typically grow in Zones 5 to 9, have pretty cup-shaped blooms in early spring. They’re one of the earliest flowering trees, so the downside is that they risk being damaged by frost. However, in the years when they do bloom magnificently, you’ll realize they’re worth your patience. Their flowers are prolific and can last a few weeks if it’s not very hot. They can grow to 40 feet tall and wide.

Star Magnolia

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Star magnolias are the hardiest of the bunch, and they typically grow in Zones 3 to 10, so they can handle even the most frigid winters! They may be a single stem tree form or a multi-stemmed shrub. Their blooms appear in spring and can last a few weeks. They’re perfectly suited for smaller urban gardens because they grow about 15 feet tall and wide, says Bunting.

Yellow Magnolia

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Yellow magnolias are not as well known as other magnolias, but their buttery yellow blooms in late spring are a real treat. They typically thrive in Zones 5 to 9 and are fast growers. Some are fragrant, and some aren’t, so pay attention to the plant tag or description when buying.

Royal Star Magnolia

Royal Star Magnolia

$69 at naturehills.com

How much do magnolia trees cost?

The great news is that magnolia trees actually aren't super expensive. You usually can find a 2- to 3-foot-tall specimen for around $30. Generally, plan on spending about $10 per foot. Your local nursery may have one or two in stock, but for the best variety, or if you’re trying to find a specific type, you’ll probably need to buy from an online retailer.

How do I care for a magnolia tree?

Magnolias are as low-maintenance as trees go—as long as you place them in the right spot in your yard. They’re generally pest- and disease-free, and they don’t need pruning unless there’s a broken branch. When planting, dig a hole about two to three times the size of the pot. Scruff up the roots a little with your gloved hand so they’ll be encouraged to spread out into the soil (they’re often circling inside the nursery pot). Place the plant in the hole at the same depth it was in the pot, and water well. Add mulch to retain moisture, but don’t mound it up around the plant’s trunk, because that invites pests and disease to attack the stem. Fertilizer isn't necessary.

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Magnolia Tree Guide | All You Need to Know about Magnolia Trees

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White, pink, red, purple, and yellow Magnolia Tree flowers are a thing of beauty in the ornamental garden. Singularly unique, the Magnolia Tree has delighted gardeners for thousands of years. If you are searching for an individual tree that will add a gorgeous accent to either your yard or garden, look no further than the Magnolia Tree. Symbolizing the southern United States, where the tree represents both Mississippi and Louisiana as state tree symbols, and adapting to temperate, cool climates, the Magnolia Tree will blossom with its large, stunning petals in the early summer, alerting you to the coming warmth in late May and early June.

The Magnolia Tree that has come to represent so much of the southeastern United States is one of over 80 varieties. From small shrubs to medium-sized accent trees, in subspecies that are both deciduous and evergreen, the Magnolia Tree is sure to provide a variety to suit your gardening needs! One of the most popular is the Jane Magnolia Tree.

Magnolias can be a bit picky when it comes to soil and sunlight, and once rooted they are difficult to move. With so many considerations to take into account before deciding on a new tree to plant, read about the Magnolia Tree below to determine if it is the right fit for you.

Quick Tips

Enjoy some quick tips here. For more complete information, read about these hints in more detail below.

Sunlight – Sun needs depend on location. In cooler climates, plant the tree in full sun or light, partial shade. In southern, hot climates, plant the tree in full sun with afternoon shade.

Soil – Prefers well-drained, acidic, moist soil that is not overly wet. Shallow roots also mean mulch is needed around the base of the tree to improve drainage and water absorption.

Water – Water 2 to 3 times a week for the first three to six months, applying 2 to 3 gallons of water for every inch of trunk diameter.

Pruning – Prune just after the last blooms have died in late summer. Avoid pruning mature deciduous varieties, as large cuts may lead to disease.

The Best Places to Plant a Magnolia Tree

Location

Magnolia Trees do not play well with others. Even walking or cultivating too closely to them is to be avoided, as stepping on the surrounding soil can compact the roots. Undergrowth should not be planted or encouraged, but mulch around the base of the tree can be helpful. Most gardening experts suggest the Magnolia Tree be planted as a stand-alone tree, with minimal background distractions. This will both improve the health of the tree and allow you to observe the large, glossy leaves, light gray-brown branches, and stunning blooms.

Sun

Magnolia Trees need full sun, although some shade from harsh, afternoon rays can be beneficial. Since Magnolia Trees grow best with minimal invasion of other plants, it is best to also plant these at least 6 feet from fences or buildings, although 10 feet or more is preferable.

Water

Water is also important to these trees, which grow best in humid subtropical climates. This is, in part, why it is unsurprising the Magnolia Tree grows best in the southeastern United States and southeastern China. Humidity and moisture are beneficial to the Magnolia Tree; therefore, it is important to water the Magnolia Tree 2 to 3 times a week for the first three to six months after planting to ensure success. You will notice the roots of the Magnolia Tree are close to the ground’s surface. As such, the roots are more likely to travel horizontally against the soil’s surface than vertically to great depths. For this reason, be sure to water around the base of the tree. There are two simple rules for watering your Magnolia Tree correctly:

Watering Rules

1. For every 1-inch of trunk diameter, use 2 to 3 gallons of water.

2. For every 1-inch of trunk diameter, water a 1-foot radius from the base of the tree.

So, if your Magnolia Tree has a four inch diameter, you will want to use 10 gallons of water three times a week covering an area four feet from the base of the tree in all directions.  After the first three to six months, simply water the tree once per week using the same formula. Observe the leaves for droopiness, as this can be a sign of overwatering.

Growth Rate and Mature Height

Magnolia Trees cover a range of over 80 subspecies. As such, the growth rate and height of a Magnolia Tree will vary based on the variety. Below are the most common ornamental varieties and the corresponding growth rates and height.

Star Magnolia

  • Cold-hardy
  • White or pink flowers
  • Starburst-shaped blooms
  • Mature height: 15 to 20 feet tall
  • Growth Rate: Slow (12 inches or less per year)

Saucer Magnolia

  • Large-flowering
  • White, pink, or purple flowers
  • Fragrant flowers attract songbirds and beetle pollinators
  • Mature Height: 40 to 70 feet tall
  • Growth Rate: Slow to moderate (between 12 and 18 inches per year)

Southern Magnolia

  • Native to the southeastern United States
  • Large, glossy, leathery leaves 5-8 inches long
  • Fragrant white flowers
  • Mature Height: 60 to 80 feet tall
  • Growth Rate: Slow to moderate growth (between 12 and 18 inches per year)

‘Little Gem’

  • Smallest and most compact subspecies
  • Similar to a large, dense shrub
  • 4 inch white flowers
  • Mature Height: 15 to 20 feet tall
  • Growth Rate: Slow (less than 6 inches a year; usually 1 inch)

Transplanting Your Magnolia Tree

Transplanters beware! The Magnolia Tree is unlike many other flowering trees in that the roots do not branch often. Instead, the root remains relatively uniform and grows laterally across the ground. This makes transplanting any Magnolia Tree larger than 4 inches in diameter extraordinarily difficult. If you must transplant your tree, be sure to dig as wide a hole as possible (depth is less important) and move the rootball quickly. Mulch and water the new location frequently.

Variants on the Magnolia Tree

Since there are over 80 different varieties of Magnolia Trees, it is easy to find one that will work in your area. Additionally, Magnolia Trees have been cultivated for a variety of characteristics, so you can find different colored blooms, different heights, and different climate preferences. For a complete listing of Magnolia Tree varieties and subspecies, visit the Magnolia Society online.

Noteworthy Tips on the Magnolia Tree

  • Magnolia Trees do not like overly salty soil, so be sure to test your soil before planting!
  • Fertilizer is not beneficial to Magnolias. Limit or use sparingly.
  • Magnolia Trees are old; some fossilized specimens are thought to be over 95 million years old!
  • Magnolia Trees are a great choice for beginning gardeners because they are not usually affected by pests or diseases.

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Magnolia: planting and care, outdoor cultivation

Flowering magnolia plant from the Magnolia family unites more than 200 species. The plant was first brought to Europe in 1688. Archaeologists have recently discovered a fossilized magnolia flower that is over 95 million years old. This is one of the oldest cultures on the planet, which easily adapts to the surrounding climate. Under natural conditions, the plant can be found in Asia and East America, in the tropics and subtropics. Magnolia got its name in honor of the French scientist and systematizer of botany Pierre Magnol.

Bouquets containing magnolia branches are rare, but they look very impressive and aristocratic. If you are looking for original flowers in Zaporozhye, rather look into our catalog, where you will find many unusual compositions.

Magnolia Features

Magnolia can be a deciduous tree or evergreen shrub with brown, smooth or scaly bark. The plant reaches a height of 5 to 20 m. On the shoots, you can see scars from leaves and stipules in the form of a ring. The kidneys are large, leathery, green with veins. The leaves are usually ovate or elliptical in shape. The flowers are decorative, bisexual and very fragrant. They grow up to 35 cm in diameter and come in white, pink, lilac or purple. Flowers consist of 7-12 elongated petals, which are tightly adjacent to each other and arranged in several rows. Most species begin flowering in early spring, but some late varieties bloom in summer. The fruit is a leaflet in the form of a cone, with a large number of seed leaflets. The seeds are triangular, with a fleshy seed. After opening the petal, the seeds seem to hang on the threads.

Blooming magnolia is one of the most beautiful plants in the garden. In addition to its beauty, the plant has a number of healing properties. A large amount of essential oils is concentrated in fruits, flowers and leaves. Oils are used for antiseptic purposes and in the treatment of chronic diseases such as hypertension and rheumatism. The product is a natural aphrodisiac and increases sexual desire in women and men. Magnolia essential oils are widely used in the perfume industry. In aromatherapy, oil is used to eliminate the symptoms of stress, fatigue and disorders of the central nervous system. There is a sad and instructive parable about the origin of magnolia. According to legend, a Japanese girl named Keiko made a living making paper flowers. And then one day, her pet parrot said that if you put a drop of your blood on paper, the flowers will become alive and they can be sold for much more. The girl obeyed her pet and began to get rich quickly. However, her greedy lover demanded more and more money every day in order to live in luxury. And then one day the girl simply had no strength left, and she gave her last drop of blood. The flower that appeared after that was called magnolia and since then it has symbolized selflessness and generosity.

Types and varieties of magnolia

Breeders have worked hard to develop varieties of magnolia that are suitable for growing in the middle lane. The largest collection of magnolias was collected in the UK - in the Royal Botanical Garden. There are frost-resistant, conditionally winter-hardy and exotic species. Varieties that grow up to 15-30 meters are not well suited for garden design. Many types of magnolias get along well with conifers, most of them require timely sanitary pruning. Some frost-resistant varieties, with proper care, can grow even in Siberia. The most common are large-leaved, virgin Sulange and lily-colored magnolia.

Star magnolia

Spectacular magnolia native to Japan. Breeders note the extremely high decorativeness of this tree or shrub. Leaves grow up to 12 cm long, flowers up to 10 cm in diameter, white. This species has 2 forms: kei and pink. Various hybrids of the plant are very popular, such as magnolia Anna, Jane and Susan.

Magnolia virginia

Tropical magnolia, which is used to the harsh conditions of Eastern Europe. This is either an evergreen tree up to 23 m in height, or a shrub that grows up to 10 meters. In the US, the tree blooms year-round in the southern states, but in harsher places the foliage turns brown and hangs until bud break. Sometimes a tree sheds its leaves if the air is damp and the winter is very cold. The leaves are lanceolate, dark green and velvety, collected in strong whorls. The flowers are white, with a cream tint and reach only 7 cm in length. The aroma of this magnolia is very rich and pleasant. On average, no more than 15 petals grow on a bud. In its homeland in the subtropics, the flowering of culture is plentiful and lasts from April to July. In the conditions of the middle lane, it blooms reluctantly, from June to August. The fruits are red and smooth seeds that are collected in a loose cluster. The contrast of red seeds against the general creamy green background gives the plant a special attraction. Virginian beauty can be grown in our conditions. To do this, your site must be in a swampy area. These flowering trees have been planted here since time immemorial, but flower growers experience great difficulties with the import and purchase of seedlings. An adult plant is able to withstand short-term frosts down to -30 degrees.

Magnolia soulangeana

A beautiful hybrid developed in the early 19th century by the French botanist Etienne Soulange. Today, there are more than 50 plant forms in the world, most of which are very popular among professionals. The shrub has obovate leaves and flowers in the form of a glass with a diameter of up to 25 cm. Often the flowers are odorless, but several very fragrant varieties have been bred. The petals are pink, purple and cream, in favorable conditions the flowering is extensive and long. The composition of the soil is almost irrelevant, but rich soil with a high content of humus will be a good help in growing. For the winter, the plant is usually covered and the soil is mulched. It is better to purchase seedlings in places where planting will take place. So the plant quickly adapts and gains resistance to many local diseases. It reaches a height of 10 meters, but for this a tree or shrub must grow in the subtropics. The most famous variety is Alexandria. This drought tolerant shrub has very beautiful creamy purplish flowers. The plant reaches 8 meters in height.

Loebner Magnolia

Very popular garden hybrid with pale pink buds. In diameter, the flowers reach 15 cm and are characterized by a large number of petals. Interestingly, as it develops, the plant evolves from a shrub into a small single-stemmed tree and reaches a height of 5-7 meters. This variety blooms in 7-8 years, so it is often grown in greenhouses or for exhibitions. The variety has two separate, ornamental species: "Leonard Messer" and "Merrill".

Holly magnolia

Dwarf magnolia that grows only one and a half meters. The shrub has dark green, smooth leaves with a glossy surface. This evergreen ornamental plant protects itself from intruders in the wild with small spikes on its leaves. Leaves turn purple in autumn and spring. Holly magnolias fit perfectly into a coniferous garden and can be used as a shade plant. Even if damaged by thrips, aphids and after temperature changes, the plant quickly recovers and is considered frost-resistant.

Japanese magnolia

A magnolia that resembles sakura with its beautiful pink flowers. The shrub has very large buds, a slender trunk and thin branches. The bark is gray, leaf blades are dark green.

Large-leaved magnolia

The first mention of large-leaved magnolia dates back to 1968. This is a fairly tall tree (up to 23 meters) with a rounded vertical crown that forms in open light. The trunk is straight, with a smooth bark, often branching at the base. The branches have large leaf scars that fit snugly against large shoots. The main decoration of the plant is its huge leaves. They reach a meter in length, blunt at the top, with two so-called "earlobes". Dark green above, and bluish below with fine pubescence. Flowers appear on the uppermost tier of the crown, in the center of a dense whorl. At first they are cream, but over time they become ivory. The fruit is a purple multileaf up to 8 cm in length, ripens in early August. Under natural conditions, it grows in the southern states of the USA, in Florida, Georgia and Louisiana. Thanks to professional flower growers, the plant has acclimatized even in Eastern Europe. However, in mid-latitudes, the tree needs careful care.

Magnolia liliaceae

The distinctive feature of the lilac magnolia is that it is a sprawling shrub that grows up to only 4 m in length. The leaves are large and decorative, the lily-shaped flowers are white inside and pink outside. This ornamental shrub has become widespread in many countries of Europe and Asia. Holland is considered a leader in their production, local nurseries constantly develop new hybrids and supply seedlings to the whole world. Frost-resistant species, such as Kobus magnolia, are very popular in Eastern Europe and the United States.

Magnolia grandiflora (Magnolia grandiflora)

Demanding and moisture-loving plant native to North America. She has a beautiful crown shape, which must be periodically formed. The leaves are dark green, shiny, grow up to 20 cm long and 12 cm wide. The flowers have a spicy smell, grow up to 30 cm in diameter and are tied one at a time on a branch. At a young age, the species is in no hurry to tie up and grows only 60 cm annually. It does not withstand severe cold below -15 degrees, but it calmly tolerates smog, smoke and is recommended for growing in urban conditions. The fruits are cone-shaped, the leaves contain essential oils and glycosides, and the bark contains alkaloids. Large-flowered magnolia is rightfully considered the queen of the garden and looks great in single plantings in an open area. Experts recommend planting seedlings in mid-autumn. The main decorative forms are early, narrow-leaved, lanceolate and Praverti magnolia with a pyramidal crown.

Magnolia acuminata

An ideal species for growing in harsh climates. This deciduous tree can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees. Each year, the tree grows by about 15-20 cm, and in the wild it can reach 30 m in height. The leaves are oval or elliptical, dark green. They grow up to 25 cm in length and are shortly pubescent below. Flowers up to 8 cm, bell-shaped, yellow-green. The shape of the plant is cucumber, the flowers are smaller than most other species, and the leaves are heart-shaped at the base. In the US, flower growers are constantly experimenting with pointed magnolia in order to transfer its frost resistance to more decorative species.

Planting magnolia

Before planting, it is worth studying the individual characteristics of the plant and carefully prepare the soil. It is the size of the plot that determines your next steps. It should be borne in mind that the tree will grow not only in breadth, but also in depth. Magnolia also loves light very much, and it can be grown far from every region.

What time to plant

Choose a spacious and well-lit area that is well protected from east and north winds. In the shade, the plant can only survive in the subtropics or tropical regions. The soil should be neutral or slightly acidic, without heavy impurities, with a large amount of organic matter. Choose seedlings that already have 1-2 buds, ideally with a closed root system to prevent drying out. If the root system is in a container, then you can plant a plant in open ground in spring, summer and autumn. In autumn, seedlings are almost guaranteed to take root in a new place.

Planting magnolia in spring

Young seedlings are usually planted in spring. The planting hole should be approximately 1 m in diameter, with a pre-prepared substrate of peat, garden soil and sand. For the winter, seedlings must be insulated, otherwise they will not survive their first cold. Peat and compost are suitable for this. Full cover with lutrasil or burlap will protect from wind and temperature extremes. Watch the plant carefully, because winter thaws can cause soil cracking, and a reverse drop in temperature will lead to the death of the seedling. Coniferous bark near the trunk will help retain moisture and protect the plant from pests. Some even believe that when planted in the spring, succulent roots will be able to recover from stress faster.

Site and soil preparation

The planting hole should be approximately twice the size of the seedling's root system. The soil is mixed with compost and other organic matter, after which some river sand is added. A drainage layer is necessarily laid out at the bottom of the pit: eggshell, crushed stone or expanded clay. Then, a little sand is poured out as a gasket, no more than 15 cm thick, and the rest of the hole is filled with a fertile substrate. The seedling is installed in the center of the pit and the voids are tamped with soil. The tree is well watered, it is not necessary to fertilize the soil. When the water is absorbed, mulch the soil with the bark of coniferous trees. In the first 3 years of a plant's life, the near-stem circle should be loosened regularly.

Magnolia propagation

The effectiveness and prospects of crop expansion depend on many factors. There are two main methods of reproduction: seeds and vegetative method. Seeds make it possible to obtain a more flexible material, which, in the process of development, has adapted to the surrounding conditions. Propagation by cuttings or layering leads to the preservation of the genetic characteristics of the mother plant. Each method has its pros and cons, which we will discuss in this article.

Propagation by cuttings

This method is considered the most popular among gardeners. Magnolia seedlings take root well at almost any time of the year. Magnolia cuttings are harvested in the spring. To do this, the branch is cut under the kidney, departing from it by 2 mm. The upper leaves are left intact, and the lower ones are cut off. Too large leaves are shortened by about ⅔. The cutting is then usually treated in a solution that stimulates growth. Two-year-old branches are considered the best planting material. At this age, the seedling has already managed to form, but it is relatively easy to adapt to new conditions. The cuttings are kept in greenhouse conditions until they form a root system. From the moment of cutting to disembarkation, it takes about 2-3 months. You can buy a seedling already prepared so as not to spend too much time on care. The earth is loosened before planting and a suitable substrate is prepared. Watering is done every 3-4 days. Vegetative reproduction under natural conditions also takes place with the help of lower branches, lashes of rhizomes, as well as non-specialized organs. The main advantage of cuttings is reliability and simplicity. If you take a seedling from a plant that grows well in your climate, there is a good chance that the cutting will perform well in the garden and take root quickly.

Propagation by seeds

Magnolia seeds are bought in specialized stores, paying special attention to the quality of planting material. Seeds are first cooked, processed and disinfected, and then sown in open soil from early September to mid-November. Before winter planting seeds in the greenhouse, they must be frozen and hardened. Stratification of seeds takes place at a temperature of + 3-5 degrees. This procedure allows you to prepare the material for the climatic conditions of the middle zone. The substrate must remain moist, but the seeds cannot be poured. In dry soil, they simply cannot withstand frost and die. Freezing of seeds takes place according to a special technology. They need to be cleaned of leaves, husks, sawdust and other impurities, and then planted in moist soil. The seed container is transferred to the refrigerator and kept there for 3 weeks. After that, they are taken out, thawed at room temperature and sown in a container or box with fertile soil.

If everything is done correctly, the first shoots will appear in a month. In this case, the container should be with wide sides (about 30 cm) so that the plant can develop calmly. In early autumn, seedlings reach 20 cm in height and can be transplanted into open ground. The first 3 weeks of sprout life are considered the most important, it is at this time that they are most vulnerable to diseases, drafts and temperature changes. The temperature in the room where the seedlings are stored must be stable. Every day, seedlings need 5-7 hours of daylight, and it does not matter if the light is natural or artificial from lamps. The soil should be moist, not wet. Some growers add complex mineral fertilizers to stimulate growth. Weak and unviable sprouts are pruned so that the plant does not waste precious forces on them. Under natural conditions, magnolia reproduces by seeds, so you can often see small shrubs of the species near a large tree.

Rooting by layering

During rooting by layering, roots begin to form on shoots that have not yet been separated from the mother plant. This method of plant propagation is considered one of the oldest and was successfully used in antiquity. But unlike cuttings or seed propagation, you will need a lot of space in the garden to get a single material. On the other hand, plants grow larger and in a shorter time than with vegetative or seed propagation. To do this, you will need to bend a branch hanging near the ground to the soil and fix it with wooden studs. Then an incision or a wire is made, and the cut is treated with sphagnum moss. The upper part of the layer is brought out, and in place under the wound a recess is made, which is filled with a nutrient substrate. Suitable peat, sand, perlite and garden soil. The recess should be watered regularly so that the soil does not dry out.

Strong roots appear within a year, after which cuttings can be separated from the mother plant, replanted in a separate place or grown in a greenhouse. The shoot is often ringed to encourage an influx of nutrients. The bark is removed entirely and the cut site is treated with nutrients. Magnolia is propagated by layering from early May to mid-July. After 2-3 months, their own roots begin to form on them. Before wintering, the layers are insulated, otherwise they will die during the first frosts. Do not forget about the treatment of the cut and the plant as a whole with fungicides. This is necessary for the prevention of diseases and fungus. Another beauty of rooting by layering is that even if something goes wrong, the main plant will not suffer. Therefore, novice flower growers often practice this particular method.

Magnolia care

Magnolia is a very moisture-loving plant, and young seedlings need abundant watering the most. The soil should be watered with settled, filtered or rainwater at room temperature. The soil around the roots is gently loosened with a pitchfork so as not to injure the root system. Around the trunk, experienced growers recommend pouring mulch, otherwise the moisture will quickly evaporate and the frequency of watering will have to be increased.

Fertilizers

Asian beauty requires constant top dressing, which begins to be applied from 3 years of age. The first 2 years the seedling will have enough nutrients in the soil. It is better for beginner flower growers not to combine fertilizers, but to choose complex mineral supplements and strictly follow the instructions. More experienced growers can prepare the mixture themselves. To do this, dilute 15 grams of urea, a kilogram of mullein and 20 grams of saltpeter in 1 bucket of water. An adult tree will need about 4 of these buckets to bloom more luxuriantly and increase growth rates. One such procedure is enough for about a month. The plant is easy to overfeed. If the leaves begin to dry out, then top dressing is stopped and for some time limited to simple watering.

Pruning

Magnolia crown is very rarely pruned and not shaped. Blooming magnolia, catalpa tree and many other exotic species need only sanitary pruning. Cut dry branches and those that have suffered from frost or pests. Wounds are treated with garden pitch or other means. In springtime, even the removal of dried branches cannot be carried out, since the plant secretes abundant juice.

Replanting

It is recommended to transplant magnolia only in the most extreme cases - in case of soil contamination, natural disasters or a sharp change in soil composition. First, choose the most suitable area on which the plant can grow. A tree or shrub is transplanted only together with an earthen clod, and it should be as large as possible. So the magnolia will more easily endure huge stress and will be able to quickly get used to the new substrate. The root system is transferred in oilcloth or on a stand. The hole is prepared the same as for the primary landing. A drainage layer is laid out at the bottom, and then a plant is placed in the center. Don't use too much force when compacting the soil. The root system is located close to the ground and can be easily damaged. The transplanted plant is watered abundantly, and the space around is mulched. Be sure to treat the trunk and leaves with fungicides and insecticides, and check the roots for fungal disease and other diseases. Even an adult plant that has lived for a long time in the conditions of the middle lane is covered with a film or cloth for the winter. During the autumn transplant, a mound of dry soil is poured near the trunk for the winter.

Magnolia after flowering

Magnolia flowers begin in late spring or early summer. Immediately after flowering, it is necessary to make sanitary pruning. Even a faded plant is highly decorative due to its beautiful dark green leaves. Florists begin to prepare for winter in November. Even if you have a hardy species in your garden, such as a pointed magnolia, it can still freeze. A snowy winter and strong winds have a bad effect on the health of an exotic plant, so carefully wrap the trunk in burlap.

Pests and diseases of magnolia

It was previously believed that magnolia is not affected by diseases known in our area and is extremely resistant to pests. However, scientists have proven that magnolia is susceptible to many diseases, including fungal ones. Chlorosis is considered the main source of problems for magnolia. Because of it, yellow spots appear on the surface of the leaves, while the veins of the plant do not lose their green color. Too much lime in the substrate leads to chlorosis, which negatively affects the root system and can easily lead to the death of magnolia. Acidity is leveled with peat, coniferous soil or special additives. In specialized stores, iron chelate is in great demand and it is sold at fairly reasonable prices.

Nutrient overload leads to drying and curling of the leaves. Magnolia signals too much fertilizer and its general condition, such as the health of the bark. Adjusting fertilizer is quite simple, try 1-2 months just to water a tree or shrub abundantly.

Mealybugs, aphids and thrips also like magnolia leaves and flowers. During the dry season, spider mites and transparent mites may appear on the stems. They feed on the juices of plants and cause the leaves to fall as early as June-August. If measures are not taken in time, the plant will quickly stop blooming. In most cases, this leads to the fact that you can not wait for the next flowering season at all. In addition to direct harm, parasites are carriers of various viral diseases, some of which are incurable. Acaricides and pesticides will help get rid of them. Aktara and Aktellik are considered the most effective, but there are also cheaper analogues. Mulching before the onset of winter helps not only retain moisture, but also protects the roots from rodents. If the plant refuses to bloom, the leaves fall off and the bark looks sick, check the root system. To do this, dig the top layer of soil and, if there is damage, treat the wounds with a 1% solution of Fundazol. Mulching for the winter is also best done after the top layer of the substrate has frozen. In Eastern Europe and Asia, the plant is often affected by fungal diseases. Powdery mildew, scab, sooty fungus and mold appear after too much watering. In this case, the leaves and root system are treated with fungicides, and the affected areas are removed. Usually you have to spray several times and preferably with different preparations so that the fungus does not have time to get used to them and develop protection. A solution of copper sulphate will help to cope with bacterial spotting.

Growing magnolia - planting and care

This flower existed already in the Cretaceous and Tertiary period, even then the fantastic beauty of magnolias enchanted the ancient inhabitants of the Earth. The plant appeared before bees, therefore it adapted to pollination by beetles.

To say that a blooming magnolia tree is beautiful is not enough - it is beautiful, charming, bewitchingly fantastic. Graceful flowers of pink-purple or cream hue appear on bare branches from March, sometimes light-winged petals coexist with unmelted frost. Most gardeners dream of such a plant, but there is a limiting circumstance - magnolia is afraid of the cold, so it cannot grow in northern regions with harsh winters.

In nature, a tree with flowers of fantastic beauty is found in Japan, Korea, China, western Russia and North America.

In this article - techniques for growing magnolia, proper care of a heat-loving tree, an overview of popular varietal varieties.

Useful articles: Magnolia in the garden - the rules of spring planting and care

We grow magnolia with our own hands

Before choosing magnolia seedlings for planting in the garden, it is worth determining the frost resistance of the variety. Not all types of magnolias can endure cold wintering in the open air without loss. For areas with a problematic climate, it is recommended to grow only frost-resistant varieties. Tolerates severe winters well:

  1. Siebold magnolia is a tall shrub or tree, the plant can reach 8 m in height. The length of the leaf can be up to 15 cm. The flowers are large, creamy, in the center there is a dense crown of carmine-colored stamens - a very spectacular variety.
  2. Magnolia pointed - this species blooms against the backdrop of overgrown foliage. The length of the leaf blade can exceed 20 cm. The flowers are large, pale cream, with lettuce and yellow shaded stripes.
  3. Large-leaved magnolia is a tall tree with huge elliptical leaves (up to 1 m long) and showy elegant snow-white flowers. This species of magnolia can grow to over 18 m in height.
  4. Kobus Magnolia is a hardy species with charming white flowers that bloom on bare branches. The plant adapts well to cold climates and can reach a height of 10 m.
  5. Sulange magnolia showy pink bell-shaped flowers open in early spring on bare branches covered with gray bark. Very bright flowers can reach a diameter of 15 cm. The plant easily tolerates winter cold. Sulange magnolia can grow up to 5 m in height.
  6. Magnolia liliaceae - spectacular purple flowers of juicy color, the inside of the flowers are painted in a pink hue. Elegant flowers bloom on bare branches, shaped like a lily.
  7. Loebner Magnolia is a showy plant up to 7 m high, showy flowers with narrow petals of pink or white-cream hue can reach a diameter of up to 15 cm. Flowering occurs before the leaves bloom.

Selecting a site for planting magnolia

Selecting a suitable site for planting magnolia. It is very important that the plant receives sufficient sunlight. It is not recommended to grow the plant in orchards under mature trees for two reasons:

  1. Insufficient lighting.
  2. High risk of injury from falling ripe fruit.

Magnolias are suitable for growing east or west. In the southern regions, you should beware of planting trees in the bright sun.

The site for planting magnolia seedlings should not be flooded, because mature magnolia trees are equipped with a branched long root system. The soil on the site should be fertile and well structured. Magnolia grows well on neutral or slightly acidic soil, but it is better not to plant a tree in areas with lime or salty soil.

It is very important to protect magnolia plantings from the prevailing wind; when choosing a place, it is necessary to provide for protection of plants from drafts.

Magnolia planting dates: spring or autumn

Magnolia seedlings can be planted in the garden in spring or autumn, but practitioners advise doing this in September. Subject to the deadlines for autumn planting, young trees have time to get stronger before frost and grow new roots.

For planting, spacious pits should be dug in advance, on the bottom of which complex drainage is laid in layers: