How tall do pear trees grow


Growing pears in the home garden

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Quick facts

  • Pears are related to apples, but can be easier to grow than apples.
  • Two varieties are generally needed for successful pollination and fruit set.
  • They can be grown organically in Minnesota.
  • Pear trees require full sun to produce the most fruit.
  • Prune annually to keep the tree healthy, productive and looking its best.
  • It can take 3 to 10 years for trees to begin flowering and producing fruit.
  • Mature pear trees are large and produce a lot of fruit in a short window of time.
  • Fruit should be picked at a mature stage and then allowed to ripen indoors.

Pear trees originated in central Asia. They are relatives of the apple and are propagated and managed in a very similar way. But pears are in some ways easier to grow than apples. Apples can be pestered by many insects and diseases, but pears are relatively trouble-free.

Pear trees can be grown organically simply because they don't require any sprays to keep them healthy and pest-free. Fireblight is the only disease that challenges pear trees, but this is easy to diagnose and manage.

Commercial pear production in the U. S. is centered in Washington and California, where varieties such as Bartlett and Bosc are grown. Those varieties would not survive winters in the average Minnesota garden.

Thanks to cold climate fruit breeders at the University of Minnesota and other northern research stations, there are several varieties that are hardy to our region. Most are best suited to USDA zone 4, but there are a couple varieties that will grow well in USDA zone 3.

If you want consistent fruit it is best to plant two pear varieties with compatible pollen or be certain there is a pear tree in a neighbor's yard. If you're a fan of pears, find an open space in your yard for a couple of these beautiful trees and you'll have fruit for years to come.

Getting started

Select the right tree for your location and use these step-by-step instructions to plant and care for your young trees.

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Pear varieties recommended for northern gardens

Variety Hardiness to zones 4 and 3 Fireblight resistance Harvest Description
Golden Spice (1949) Excellent to very good Very resistant Late August Recommended as a pollen source for Ure. Small 1 3/4 inch fruit. Not recommended for zone 4 where other, better flavored varieties grow well. Grows to 20 feet tall. Good for canning.
Gourmet Very good to poor Tolerant Mid to late September Medium-sized fruit that are juicy and sweet with a firm, crisp texture. Cannot be used to pollinate a second pear tree.
Juicy Jewel (2021) Very good in Zone 4, not recommended for Zone 3 Mid-August Best for fresh eating. Asian-type pear. Fruit is attractive with an occasional orange-pink blush. Should be picked ripe, while crisp and with a yellow-green background color. May be used as a pollinator for Summercrisp and vice versa. Available by 2022 or 2023.
Luscious Very good to poor Tolerant Mid to late September Medium-small fruits with a flavor similar to Bartlett. Texture is firm but melting. Cannot be used as a pollen source for another tree.
Parker (1934) Good to poor Susceptible Mid August Fruit similar in size, flavor and texture to Bartlett. May set some fruit without a second variety. Good pollenizer for Luscious. May not be hardy north of the Twin Cities.
Patten Very good to poor Susceptible Mid to late September Large fruit has excellent fresh eating quality, similar to Bartlett. Hardiness is slightly better than Parker. May produce some fruit without a second variety.
Summercrisp (1985) Very good to poor Resistant Mid August Medium-sized, red-blushed fruit with mild flavor and crisp texture strongly reminiscent of an Asian pear.
Ure Very good to good Susceptible Mid August Smaller tree (to 15 feet) produces small Bartlett-type fruit with good flavor. In areas too cold for other pear varieties, Ure can be grown with Golden Spice for pollen.

How to keep your pear trees healthy and productive

Watering, weeding, mulching and pruning will keep your pear trees healthy for years to come.

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Diseases, insects and other challenges

Fireblight is the major disease of pears in Minnesota.  

In other areas of the U.S., pear trees are susceptible to a number of insect problems. Because these trees are not common in Minnesota, insect problems are usually not severe for home gardeners.

As more people add pears to their gardens, this may change. But for now, promptly removing and destroying fallen fruit and leaves, and pruning to promote good airflow through the tree are all that is normally needed to grow a satisfying crop in most years.

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Emily E. Hoover, Extension horticulturalist; Emily S. Tepe, horticulture researcher and Doug Foulk

Reviewed in 2018

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Tips For The Care Of Pear Trees

Growing pear trees can be a rewarding experience for the home gardener, but before you begin, there are a few things you need to know about how to plant. Read on to learn what those are.

Planting Pears in the Home Garden

Prior to planting pears in the home garden, pear tree size should be considered first. A full size tree can grow to 40 feet  (12 m.). Depending on the size of your lot, you may want to consider a dwarf or semi-dwarf variety. While Bartlett is probably the most common home grown pear, there are several varieties available. Check with a trusted nursery in your area to discover which variety grows best.

While growing pear trees from seed is possible, you’ll get faster crop results by buying a young tree. When planting pears, a smaller well formed tree will give you better results that a tall spindly one.

How to Plant a Pear Tree

Now that you’ve chosen your tree, the next step is planting. Pears require full sun. Be sure to choose a spot that will ensure at least six to eight hours of sun, not only for your sapling but for your full grown pear. Tree care will be easier if you plan ahead.

Dig your hole wide and deep, mixing mix plenty of compost into the soil. Remove the tree from its container, including the burlap, and set it in the hole to the same depth it was in its container. Gently spread the roots and refill the hole with the amended soil. Water well and continue to water regularly — once or twice a week — until the roots are well established.

Knowing how to plant a pear tree isn’t quite enough. An important part of pear tree care is pruning, and the first pruning should occur as soon as your tree is planted. Leave a central leader and choose three to five branches with outward rather than upward growth and prune out the rest. Trim off the ends of the remaining branches to encourage growth. There are many books and articles written about pruning, but for the home gardener, pruning care of pear trees can be limited to removing crossed branches and fast sprouting upward growth.

Your pear tree will bear fruit in three to five years.

Tips for Growing Pear Trees

Compared to other fruits, care of pear trees is simple and straightforward. They don’t suffer from as many diseases or insect problems, thus are easier on the grower. Care of pear trees begins right after planting. Pears should be staked with a sturdy post driven into the ground to help the tree grow straight and withstand wind damage. Mulch at a depth of 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm.) in a three foot (91+ cm.) circle around your tree to prevent weed competition for nutrients and water.

Unless your soil is extremely poor, fertilizing once a year should be enough for your pear tree. Care, in fact, must be taken to avoid over fertilization which produces a lovely tree, but no fruit. For the home garden with only one or two trees, fruit tree fertilizer spikes are perfect for the job. They’re easy to use and provide a slow release of fertilizer that will be enough for the year.

Some gardeners will insist that insecticides and dormant oil spray just before buds blossom are essential to the proper care of pears trees. I’m not one of them, though I’m not necessarily against their use. For growing pear trees, however, I’d wait and see if they were necessary before instituting their use. As stated earlier, pears have fewer insect problems than other fruits. One of the reasons for this is their flower nectar, which isn’t as attractive to insects as other fruits; and as bees are the main pollinators of your pear tree, care should be taken not to drive them away or, worse, kill them.

If your first crop, which is usually small and often inedible, is badly damaged, then you’ll have plenty of time to re-evaluate before the next season. Why work harder or spend more money than you have to? See what nature has to offer first.

Remember, folks have been growing pear trees in their backyard gardens for a long, long time. Grandma loved them for their delicious fruit and Grandpa loved them because, once established, they were very little work!

Note: Chemical controls should only be used as a last resort. Organic approaches are safer and more environmentally friendly.

Maximum height of a pear: how big a tree will grow

The size of a tree depends on the variety and rootstock.

Content

  • Little history
  • common trees
    • High -sized pears
    • Medium -sized
    • Light -riveted
    • 9000 century. It is assumed that it was then that the first domesticated species of wild plants appeared.

      The wild pear itself is a free-growing tree with a dense, round or broad pyramidal crown. The maximum height of the wild pear tree is 25 meters, and the diameter of the crown is about 5 meters.

      The growth rates are quite impressive. In a year, even an adult crop can grow by 40 cm.

      There is evidence that wild pears have been found about 30 m in height. Definitely this complicates the process of caring for the culture.

      Wild pear can grow up to 25 meters.

      Common trees

      The large size of the pear tree is a disadvantage on the one hand, but a plus on the other. Such a huge tree also has a tangible plus: it has powerful roots, which ensure the resistance of the tree to cold weather.

      At the moment there are several types of pear trees, which are classified according to size:

      • undersized;
      • medium height;
      • tall;
      • dwarf.

      Bred not so long ago, but columns are already widespread - small trees up to 2.5 meters high and growing in the form of a pillar, without side branches.

      Tall pears

      The tallest trees can reach a height of about 6-8 meters. They are often very stable, but need timely pruning and shaping. Common high varieties are:

      • Annushka;
      • Larinskaya;
      • Apple;
      • Saint Germain.

      Consider the size of the mature tree when planting.

      Medium height

      The most common size category of pears is medium height. Their height rarely reaches more than 5.5 meters. Among them, the best are:

      • Shihan;
      • Moscow Bergamot;
      • Petrovskaya;
      • October;
      • Original;
      • Central Russian.

      Weak

      These crops are small, up to 4 meters in height. Low-growing pears combine compactness and productivity. Among them:

      • Mashuk;
      • Alyonushka;
      • Williams;
      • Freshness;
      • Pakgam Triumph;
      • Bartlett.

      Dwarf

      These small trees are distinguished by their small size and precocity. But these do not occur in nature, these are grafted varietal trees. The best ones are:

      • Carmen;
      • Veles;
      • Domestic;
      • Parisian.

      Regardless of size, all pears need correct, timely pruning and shaping.

      How to reduce the height of a pear tree

      Breeders are constantly doing various experiments and manipulations that will help gardeners work easier. One of these is vaccination. To reduce the size of the tree, it is necessary to graft high and medium-sized crops onto clonal rootstocks.

      Quince or dwarf pear is most commonly used. They allow you to achieve a decent yield with a small size. There are a number of clonal rootstocks that do not grow above 3-4 meters.

      Pears on a smaller rootstock.

      Conclusion

      A pear is a tall tree that will thicken without proper care. If you plant seed trees, it will be difficult to harvest. In order for the maximum height of the pear to be convenient for growing, it is grafted.

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      Common pear. Fruit trees. Photo, description of the crown and fruit of a pear

      The common pear (Pyrus communis) in botany is a representative of the genus Pear, Rosaceae family. The plant first appeared in Europe and Asia. For favorable growth, the following conditions are necessary: ​​sufficient light, moist, drained and fertile land. The pear in its height reaches no more than 30 meters. The tree can exist up to 50 years. A pear is bred by planting cuttings, seedlings and seeds.

      1 characteristics of an ordinary pear

      2 Distribution of wood

      3 Fruits of wood pear

      4 use of pears

      5 Formation of a pear crown

      6 Historical facts

      characteristics of an ordinary pear

      Plant is a high tree, an increase of up to 30 meters up to 30 meters , or a large shrub. The bark of the tree is uneven, wrinkled, the trunk is even, reaching a diameter of 70 centimeters. Pear wood is distinguished by its density and strength. The branches are densely covered with leaves. The leaves, fixed on long petioles, have an oval, pointed shape. The leaves have a shiny appearance, the dark green color below becomes matte.

      Large flowers appear on the tree in spring, white or pink. They can grow singly, or gather in inflorescences of several pieces. The legs on which they are located can reach a length of up to 5 centimeters. The corolla is white or pink, the number of stamens does not exceed 50 pieces, the pistil consists of 5 columns. The flowers grow on the tree before the leaves appear.

      The size, shape, taste of the fruit can be varied, it all depends on the plant variety. The pear has an oblong, slightly elongated, rounded shape. The seeds contained in the pear are covered with a brown peel. The tree begins to bloom in spring, the flowering period takes about 2 weeks. Often, this period begins at the end of April and lasts until mid-May. In late August and early September, ripe fruits can be harvested. Having reached the age of 3 to 8 years, the tree begins to bear fruit. The common pear grows and bears fruit up to 50 years.

      It is worth paying attention to the fact that pears begin to bear fruit, you need to plant 2 varieties side by side, which mutually pollinate. "Fields", "Granddaughter", "Hangy", "Theme" - the most famous varieties that are resistant to winter conditions. In addition, the fruits of these varieties can be consumed fresh, they have excellent taste properties.

      Distribution of the tree

      The tree grows well in Europe and Asia. The common pear can be found in the wild in the southern territory of Russia, the Caucasus, Ukraine and Belarus. Soils rich in nutrients and microelements, black soil are suitable for a tree for good growth. The tree can often be found in elevated areas where there is good air drainage.

      Poor ventilation and stagnation of cold air in the lowlands, bad for the quality of the pear. The tree loves well-moistened soil, but stagnation and excess moisture adversely affect its growth and development. For the most part, pear is resistant to drought and frost. In winter, with very low temperatures, branches and wood can freeze. With a sharp change in temperature or the appearance of frost in the spring, flower buds may be damaged.

      Pear tree fruit

      The fruit is popular because of its vitamin and mineral content, as well as its good and pleasant taste. Tannins, organic acids, pectin, fiber, vitamins A, B1, C, this is not a complete list of substances contained in pears. The taste of pear fruits is sweeter than apples, this is due to the minimum amount of acids and sugar contained in the fruits.

      Pear is used to produce juice, desserts and wine. Dry fruits are used to make decoctions. Pear juice includes a huge number of vitamins and minerals. Fresh fruits are well digested and have a positive effect on the digestive system. Dry pear compote helps to cope with thirst.

      Use of pear

      Pear fruits are widely used in the food industry. The dried seeds are used as a coffee substitute. The fruit tree has become widespread in the branches of the economy. Pear wood is in demand among artists. It has high strength and good aesthetic qualities, it is perfectly processed and polished. Wood is used in the manufacture of furniture, musical instruments, goods for children, stationery.

      The high content of vitamin C, flavonoids, arbutin glycoside in the leaves increases the value of the tree. In medicine, pear leaves are used to prevent and treat skin diseases.

      During the flowering period, a large amount of nectar can be collected from the flowers of the common pear. A hectare of the garden will bring up to 30 kilograms of honey, which is very important for beekeeping. In addition, the tree is used for landscaping household plots, courtyards, parks, squares, because of its decorative qualities.

      Pear crown formation

      Plant growth, quantity and quality of fruits depend on whether the shape of the branches is correctly formed. It must be systematically pruned. Immediately after planting a pear, it is worth taking care of the formation of the crown. There are two ways to shape the branches of a tree. The first method is pruning, the length of the shoots is reduced and the branches are thinned. With the help of a shortened shoot, new buds and shoots are formed. Shoots of 1 year of life are shortened by making an incision near the kidney. Reducing the number of branches contributes to the flow of a large amount of light to the crown, because of this, the number of buds increases.

      Bending down the branches improves the growth of the pear tree. To improve fruiting, large branches are deflected 40 degrees from the trunk. Small branches should be perpendicular to the trunk, their ends should be slightly higher than the beginning of the main branches. For bending, a wire is used so as not to spoil the bark, electrical tape is used, winding it at the attachment points.

      At the time of transplanting seedlings, a crown skeleton can be formed. If the seedlings do not have branches, an incision should be made above the kidney 70 centimeters from the ground. To form the first tier of branches, the remaining buds are used, which contribute to the development of side shoots.

      If the size of the pears has greatly decreased, and the shoots have begun to grow less than 15 centimeters per year, anti-aging pruning is used for old trees. Obsolete branches are removed, and skeletal and semi-skeletal are cut off. Shoots of 1 year of life are cut off, leaving two buds.


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