How tall do redbud trees get


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Eastern redbud tree (Cercis canadensis)
Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis), also called Judas tree, is an outstanding, deciduous ornamental tree in South Carolina. This is a small tree native to the eastern United States and Canada, with lavender-pink blossoms that open early in spring and are as colorful as any flowering spring tree in the landscape. It is adapted to all areas of South Carolina.

Mature Height/Spread

Redbuds always remain small, maturing at 20 to 30 feet in height and 15 to 35 feet in width. They generally grow as a small tree with a divided trunk close to the ground. The spreading crown is usually rounded to flat-topped. It can develop as a multi-trunk shrub. Redbuds growing in the sun will be compact and rounded; when grown in shade, their form is loose, open and tall.

Growth Rate

Redbuds grow at a moderate rate, about 7 to 10 feet in five to six years. They tend to be short-lived, often declining from disease after about 20 years.

Ornamental Features

The most appealing feature of this tree is the showy flower, which is magenta in bud, but opens to lavender-pink before the leaves emerge early in spring. The flowers appear in clusters that nearly cover the bare branches of the tree. They remain for two to three weeks. They usually appear in early spring after the

Eastern redbud flowers (Cercis canadensis).
Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

white flowers of serviceberry and wild plum and before (and during) the white and pink flowers of the flowering dogwood. Although the flower of the species is lavender-pink, certain varieties and cultivars have white, magenta-pink or rosy pink flowers. The heart-shaped leaves are reddish as they emerge, and gradually turn dark green in summer. The fall color is yellow.

Cercis canadensis var. texensis (Texas redbud) and its cultivars are from warmer parts of the Southwest. These all have similar flowers, but thicker leaves and more heat tolerance. However, they are less cold hardy than the straight species of Eastern redbud (C. canadensis).

The fruit are long, flat pods (3 inches) which are produced from late summer into fall, and remain on the tree during winter. They become conspicuous in the fall when the leaves drop, and can sometimes be unsightly when mature.

Eastern redbud seed pods (Cercis canadensis).
Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Landscape Use

This tree is best used in naturalized areas, where the flowers are contrasted against evergreens or woodlands. It can be used as a specimen or in groupings in a shrub border.

Although the redbud does well in most soil types, it prefers moist, well-drained sites. It does not, however, like those that are permanently wet. It tolerates acid or alkaline soils. It grows well in full sun but prefers some shade in the heat of summer. Although it will grow in fairly dense shade, it blooms more heavily when exposed to sun. Redbuds tolerate moderate dry spells, but do better when irrigated in summer dry spells.

Transplant when very small, as they have difficulty surviving, transplant after the root system has developed.

As redbud is native to such a wide range of climates, it is important that you purchase a tree that was grown from locally harvested seed. Trees grown from seed collected from trees native to South Carolina will adapt to our climate. If the seed were collected from trees grown in the north, the tree may not withstand the heat of our summer.

When located near a walkway or patio, low branches must be pruned for clearance beneath the canopy. It can be trained to grow with a single or multiple trunks. Prune out dead branches.

Problems

Redbuds are very susceptible to Botryosphaeria canker and dieback on the branches. This is a fungal disease that enters twigs and branches, feeds on the living tissue below the bark, and spreads around the stem. Once it encircles the branch, the water supply beyond that point is cut off to the leaves. The branch will suddenly wilt and die. Redbuds that are under drought stress will more easily succumb to Botryosphaeria canker than a well-watered tree.

Apply mulch out as far as the drip line of the limbs. Mulch will keep the soil cooler and more evenly moist in the summer.  Pruning out the diseased branches and disposing of the cuttings will significantly help to reduce disease. Prune when the stems and foliage are dry. Cut the stem 6-8” below where any sunken, cracked or diseased area is, and disinfest the pruners between cuts with a spray of rubbing alcohol on the pruners. Water the plants well weekly. Fertilize them during the spring at six- week intervals with a slow-release tree & shrub fertilizer.

Wounds created by pruning or mechanical injury serve as entry points for the fungus that infects the wood and causes cankers. Avoid wounding to minimize susceptibility to this disease. There are no fungicides to control Botryosphaeria canker.

Insects such as granulate ambrosia beetle, black twig borer, treehoppers, caterpillars, scales and leafhoppers can also cause damage.

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Cultivars & Varieties
  • ‘Forest Pansy’ (PP#22,297) ̶  This is one of the earliest and most popular cultivars. It has deep burgundy foliage that loses its intense color in the heat of summer, becoming almost bronze Flowers are more rose purple than the species and open a little later. From NCSU).
  • ‘Merlot’ (PP#22,297) – Semi-upright habit with deep wine-red, thick foliage and heat tolerance. A hybrid of ‘Forest Pansy’ (purple foliage) and ‘Texas White’ (var. texensis). Cultivar has a dense, semi-upright habit and magenta-pink blooms. Cultivar grows to 12 to 15 feet tall and wide. Flowers are lavender-pink. Released by NCSU. Retention of purple leaf color in summer is similar to ‘Forest Pansy’.
  • ‘Ace of Hearts’ (PP#17,161) – Similar to species except flower color is much pinker. A compact tree that grows to 12 feet tall.
  • ‘Hearts of Gold’ (PP#17,740) ̶  Spring foliage is intense golden-yellow and gradually changes to chartreuses as the summer advances. More golden foliage in full sun. Grows to 15 feet tall with a vase-shaped habit. Cultivar has reddish-purple flowers; seedpods are rarely produced.
  • Carolina Sweetheart™ (‘NCCC1’; PP#27,712) – Following the pink flowers of spring, the foliage of this cultivar emerges rich maroon, and slowly change to shades of white, green, and hot pink. All leaves eventually turn green in summer with dusted white margins. Grows to 20 to 30 feet tall and 25 to 30 feet wide. From NCSU.
  • ‘Pink Pom Poms’ (PP#27,630) – This double flowered redbud is a hybrid of the double flowered ‘Flame’ Eastern redbud and ‘Oklahoma’ Texas redbud. The resulting cross has thick, glossy green foliage and dark pink-purple, double pom pom-like flowers. The cultivar is also sterile, so no seedpods are made.
  • The Rising Sun™ (‘JN2’; PP#21,451) – Foliage emerges rosy apricot, turns apricot-peach, gradually becomes golden yellow, and finally matures a bright green. Cultivar grows to 8 to 12 feet tall with a 12- to 15-foot spread. Flowers are pinkish purple.
  • ‘Alley Cat’ (PPAF) – Its leaves are green with white variegation. Grows to 20 feet tall and wide. Foliage is scorch resistant and does not revert to green. A selection from Kentucky.
  • ‘Appalachian Red’ Blooms are fuchsia-pink to red. Cultivar grows to 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. Very floriferous and blooms later than most other cultivars. A University of Tennessee release.
  • form alba – This is a white-flowered form that occurs somewhat frequently in nature. The foliage is a lighter green than the species and new growth is yellow-green. Comes true to type from seed if isolated from cross-pollination by the pink-flowered redbuds. Grows to 15 to 25 feet tall and wide.
  • ‘Royal White’ ̶  This cultivar has larger and more abundant flowers and a more compact form than the naturally occurring white form alba. Introduced by University of Illinois.
  • texensis ‘Texas White’ ̶  Glossy thick leaves and white flowers. Grows to 15 to 20 feet tall and may have multiple trunks. Cold hardy to USDA zone 6.
  • var. texensis ‘Oklahoma’ – Glossy thick leaves and lavender-pink flowers. Grows to 15 to 20 feet tall and may have multiple trunks. Cold hardy to USDA zone 6.

 

New reddish-purple foliage on ‘Forest Pansy’ redbud (Cercis canadensis). Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Purple-leafed ‘Merlot’ redbud (Cercis x ‘Merlot’). Photo by Dennis Werner, ©2013 NC State University

‘Merlot’ redbud (Cercis x ‘Merlot’) in bloom. Photo by Dennis Werner, ©2013 NC State University

‘Ace of Hearts’ redbud (Cercis canadensis) in bloom. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2013 HGIC, Clemson Extension

‘Ace of Hearts’ (Cercis canadensis) redbud flowers. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2013 HGIC, Clemson Extension

‘Hearts of Gold’ redbud (Cercis canadensis) showing chartreuse foliage. Photo by Karen Russ, ©2010 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Carolina Sweetheart™ redbud (Cercis canadensis ‘NCCC1’) has foliar variegation with various shades of white, green, and hot pink. Photo by Tom Ranney, ©2016 NC State University

‘Pink Pom Poms’ redbud (Cercis x ‘Pink Pom Poms’) is an improved redbud with ull double blooms. Dennis Werner, ©2016 NC State University

White-flowered redbud (Cercis canadensis var. alba). Photo by Karen Russ, ©2010 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Weeping Cultivars

  • texensis ‘Traveler’ – A selection with a broad mound shape and weeping (gracefully arching) branches. New leaves emerge coppery green, then become dark and glossy green; flowers are lavender-pink. Grows to 5 feet tall and 5 to 12 feet wide. Fruit set has not been observed.
  • ‘Covey’ (Lavender Twist™; PP#10,328) ̶  A weeping form with arching branches that creates an umbrella-shaped crown. Leaves are a rich green, and fall color is golden yellow. Grows to 5 to 6 feet tall with a 6- to 8-foot spread.
  • ‘Ruby Falls’ (PP#22,097) – Has a unique combination of dwarf, weeping growth habit and purple foliage. A hybrid of ‘Covey’ (weeping habit) and ‘Forest Pansy’ (purple foliage). By mid-summer, leaves change to a bronzy green. This compact weeping selection grows to 6 to 8 feet tall with a 5- to 6-foot spread. Released by NCSU.
  • Whitewater (‘NC2007-8’; PP#23,998) ̶  Leaves emerge mostly white, then become variegated white and green, and plant has a weeping growth habit. A hybrid of ‘Silver Cloud’ (variegated foliage) and ‘Covey’ (weeping habit). Flowers are a deep rose-purple. Cultivar grows to 8 feet tall with a 6-foot spread.
  • ‘Pink Heartbreaker®’ (PP#23,043) – This cultivar has a weeping habit and green foliage. Grows to 8 to 10 feet tall with a 10 to 15 foot spread. Profuse lavender-pink flowers. Introduced in Pennsylvania. Limited seed pod production.
  • Vanilla Twist™ (PP#22,744) – Weeping habit with green foliage and white flowers. A hybrid between ‘Royal White’ (white flowers) and ‘Covey’ (weeping habit). Grows to 12 feet tall and 8 feet wide. Grows to 12 feet tall with an 8-foot spread.

‘Whitewater’ redbud (Cercis canadensis) with weeping growth habit and variegated foliage. Photo by Dennis Werner, ©2013 NC State University

‘Traveler’ weeping redbud (Cercis canadensis var. texensis) Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

‘Lavender Twist’ weeping redbud (Cercis canadensis). Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

‘Ruby Falls’ (Cercis x ‘Ruby Falls’) weeping redbud with purple foliage. Photo by Dennis Werner, ©2013 NC State University

Related Species

  • Chinese redbud (C. chinensis) ̶ This is a small, multi-stemmed shrub that grows 6 to 8 feet tall and wide. Its rosy purple flowers are showier and more profuse than Eastern Redbud. Leaves are also thicker.
  • Giant redbud (C. gigantea) – From China. Foliage is glossy and dark green. Leaves are 6 to 8 inches across. Grows to 15 to 20 feet tall.

Chinese redbud (Cercis chinensis) in bloom. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2011 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Giant redbud (Cercis gigantea) in bloom. Photo by Joey Williamson, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension

Note: Chemical control of diseases and insects on large trees is usually not feasible since adequate coverage of the foliage with a pesticide cannot be achieved.

Originally published 06/99

If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at [email protected] or 1-888-656-9988.

Garden Guides | How Big Do Redbud Trees Get?

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Most redbuds are native trees that display colorful pink to light purple blossoms in spring and usually have multiple trunks. Native trees are typically easy to maintain, especially if you cultivate one that grows naturally in your area. The size of a redbud depends on whether or not it is a species, a subspecies or a hybrid tree. Some redbuds are moderately large trees, while some hybrids are hardly larger than shrubs.

Eastern and Western Redbuds

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The native Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a multi-trunked tree that yields pink blossoms in April and grows from 20 to 30 feet high and 25 to 35 feet wide. It grows naturally in numerous areas of the Midwest and Northeast, and is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 8.

Western redbud (Cercis occidentalis), sometimes called California redbud and listed as Cercis orbiculata, is a multi-trunked native tree found in many Western states. It grows from 12 to 20 feet high at the rate of 24 to 36 inches a year, yielding showy purple flowers in spring. It grows in USDA zones 7 through 9.

  • Most redbuds are native trees that display colorful pink to light purple blossoms in spring and usually have multiple trunks.
  • The native Eastern redbud (Cercis canadensis) is a multi-trunked tree that yields pink blossoms in April and grows from 20 to 30 feet high and 25 to 35 feet wide.

Southwestern Redbud Subspecies

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A "var." in a scientific name indicates a named subspecies -- a naturally occurring variant of the species. Two main variants of eastern redbuds grow naturally in the southwest.

A large, multi-trunk shrub or small tree, Mexican redbud (Cercis canadensis var. mexicana) grows from 10 to 15 feet high and 10 to 15 feet wide. It grows small, flat seed pods and yields rose-purple flowers in spring. It will grow in USDA zones 6a through 9a.

  • in a scientific name indicates a named subspecies -- a naturally occurring variant of the species.
  • It will grow in USDA zones 6a through 9a.

Texas redbud (Cercis canadensis var. texensis) grows 15 to 20 feet high and 15 to 20 feet wide, yielding magenta to pink flowers in spring. It will grow in USDA zones 6a through 9.

Asian Redbuds

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Chinese redbud (Cercis chinensis), native to China and Asia, grow 8 to 15 feet tall, has rosy, purple flowers and multiple trunks. It grows in USDA zones 6 through 9.

Also native to China, Giant redbud (Cercis gigantea) has glossy, dark green leaves from 6 to 8 inches wide and grows from 15 to 20 feet tall. It's hardy in USDA zones 7 through 8.

  • Texas redbud (Cercis canadensis var.
  • Also native to China, Giant redbud (Cercis gigantea) has glossy, dark green leaves from 6 to 8 inches wide and grows from 15 to 20 feet tall.

Hybrid Cultivars

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Hybrid cultivars have the same USDA growing zones as their species or subspecies, so Cercis canadensis hybrids grow in USDA zones 4 through 8, and Cercis canadensis var. texensis hybrids grow in USDA zones 6a through 9.

“Ace of Hearts” (Cercis canadensis “Ace of Hearts”) is similar to Eastern redbud, except it only grows 12 tall and has pinker flowers.

Showing lavender pink flowers, “Hearts of Gold” (Cercis canadensis “Hearts of Gold”) has intense golden yellow foliage in spring and grows up to 15 feet tall.

Slightly larger at 15 to 20 feet tall and often with multiple trunks, “Texas White” (Cercis canadensis var. texensis “Texas White”) has white flowers and thick glossy leaves.

“Oklahoma” (Cercis canadensis var. texensis “Oklahoma”) also grows from 15 to 20 feet tall, often with multiple trunks, and has pink flowers.

  • Hybrid cultivars have the same USDA growing zones as their species or subspecies, so Cercis canadensis hybrids grow in USDA zones 4 through 8, and Cercis canadensis var.
  • Ace of Hearts” (Cercis canadensis “Ace of Hearts”) is similar to Eastern redbud, except it only grows 12 tall and has pinker flowers.

Coming in at just 5 feet tall “Traveler” (Cercis canadensis var. texensis “Traveler”), actually a shrub form, has weeping branches 5 to 12 feet wide with dark, glossy leaves and lavender-pink flowers.

Plants with red leaves for original landscaping

When planning a grand composition, circular view or landscape, you should always think about the accents. These are plants that differ in shape, size of habitus or shades of foliage or needles. For example, an ornamental plant with red leaves. When adding a certain accent “chip” to the composition, be sure to make sure that there is at least one more plant with the same feature in the planting. Thus, the landscape will be both interesting and harmonious.

Consider an example. In the photo on the left, a plant with red leaves draws too much attention to itself and outweighs the composition. Harmony is achieved by the simplest addition of a "counterweight" (second photo). Let it be a small shrub or perennial with a similar shade of foliage, but it will provide the necessary support for the main accent and make the landscape more pleasing to the eye.

This approach is not always used. But it is very popular in landscape design. The hue can also be flowing. For example, in support of the main accent (let it be the same purple-leaved barberry), a peony with red petals blooms. And after its flowering, by the middle of summer, the foliage of the bird cherry Schubert will turn red. In autumn, maple, viburnum or euonymus will add purple hues. Thus, we preserve the harmony of the composition and make it more alive.

In this post, we'll take a look at popular redleaf plants that will be the focal point for your landscape groups throughout the season.

Red leaf trees

Red leaf maples

Maple Norway Royal Red (Royal Red) is a tall broad-pyramidal tree, reaching 15 m in height at maturity. The trunk of the tree is covered with dark brown bark with numerous shallow depressions. The tree is dressed in large five-lobed leaves, painted in bright red, which becomes even richer in autumn.

Norway maple Crimson Sentry (Crimson Sentry) reaches a height of 8 m and has a compact cylindrical crown up to 1.5 m in diameter. On short branches, iridescent silver in the sun, there are many reddish-brown leaves of a recognizable "maple" shape.

Ornamental apple trees

Apple tree hybrid Royalty (Royalty) - a tree up to 5m tall with a crown of about 3m in diameter. The leaves are dark crimson in color with a pronounced gloss. In May, the tree is covered with numerous bright pink flowers. And in September, charming apples appear. They are small, even, round in shape and dark red in color, but not edible.

Apple tree decorative Royal beauty (Royal Beauty) - a tree with a weeping crown shape. In spring, the shoots are decorated with red-purple leaves, which, although they turn green in summer, retain a purple undertone. In May, the crown is wrapped in flowers of a rich pink hue. The fruits are small red apples. The size of an adult tree depends on the height of the graft and the method of crown formation.

Stunning beeches with beetroot crown

Beech Forest Dawyck Purple (Davik Purple) - a tree with a columnar dense slender crown of thin winding branches growing upwards. It grows up to 12m in height, but retains a neat shape. The main advantage is the delightful, brilliant gloss under the sun's rays, purple-red leaves. In autumn they turn purplish brown. Beech does not need shelter even at a young age, can withstand a little shading and calmly endures a dry summer. Grows slowly.

Beech Forest Purple Fountain (Purple Fountain). This tree grows slowly until the age of ten, then faster. By the age of twenty, it reaches a height of 5 m and 2 m in diameter. Weeping crown. The branches form picturesque cascades. In summer they have a purple hue, and in autumn they turn yellow. An ideal specimen for large plots and an accent tree in landscape compositions.

Unusual bird cherry with changing foliage color

The cherry bird cherry Shubert (Schubert) is a compact tree up to 6 m in height with an oval dense crown. In spring, it is decorated with bright green young leaves and charming snow-white flowering. In mid-July, the foliage begins to turn red, acquiring a steady purplish-brown hue. During this period, young shoots with bright light green foliage look spectacular. By the end of summer, small rounded black berries ripen.

Bird cherry red-leaved Siberian beauty (Siberian Beauty) - a tree up to 7m in height with a pyramidal crown. When blooming and during the flowering period, the leaves are painted in a light green color, which from mid-summer is replaced by a different color scheme. The upper side of the leaves becomes dark purple, and the underside is purple. It blooms in May with neat snow-white flowers, exuding an incomparable magnificent "bird cherry" aroma that fills the spring air. The flowers are collected in exquisite brushes that completely strew the tree.



Shrubs with red leaves

Most popular barberry varieties with purple leaves

Barberry Ottawa Superba (Superba) - a tall spherical shrub from 2m in diameter with a red-violet summer color. It is charming during the flowering period, when brushes of delicate yellow-red flowers form on each branch.

Barberry tunberg Atropurpurea (Atropurpurea) is a sprawling shrub with a dense crown that grows up to 2 m in height and the same in diameter. It has small leaves, purple-red hue. In the fall season, they take on a bright red color. In spring, it blooms with light flowers, collected in inflorescences of five pieces.



Dark red shade-tolerant elder

Black Elderberry Black Beauty (Black Beauty) - a shrub with an enviable growth force reaches 3 m in height, has a dense spreading crown. The dark purple foliage is oblong with obvious serrations and an elongated tip. In June, against the background of a dark crown, charming corymbose inflorescences appear, consisting of small pale pink flowers. Closer to autumn, small black berries ripen, suitable for eating.

Black Elderberry Black Lace (Black Lace) is a rounded sprawling shrub reaching a height of about 2.5m. It has strongly dissected foliage of a dark beet color (the intensity of color depends on the quality of illumination). With the onset of summer, the tips of the shoots are decorated with delicate inflorescences of pink flowers that fade to white during flowering. By the end of the season, delicious dark berries ripen.

Charmingly blooming weigela with reddish brown leaves

Weigela blooming Alexandra (Alexandra) is a flowering shrub that grows up to only 2 meters in height, and with age grows in diameter, acquiring a rounded shape. The leaves are burgundy when blooming, then turn green with a bronze tint. A distinctive feature of weigela is its repeated flowering. In June and August, the shrub is abundantly covered with bright, crimson or pink flowers that have a pleasant aroma.

Weigela blooming Minor Black (Minor Black) is a compact shrub up to 60cm in height and the same width. Matte leaves of a noble burgundy color, under the influence of sunlight become dark and can turn brown-green. The flowers are dark pink, up to 2.5 cm in diameter.



Red-leaved, fast-growing vesicles

Vesicle viburnum Lady in Red (Lady in red) - shrub up to 1. 5 m in height. When blooming, the leaves are red, and by autumn they darken to chestnut-burgundy. Densely blooms with delicate contrasting white inflorescences

Bubble-weed Diabolo (Diablo) - a spherical bush with red leaves up to 3m in height. Flexible branches first grow up, and then bend with their tips to the ground. The crown is purple-red with a green undertone. It blooms with corymbose crimson inflorescences. Fruits in the form of purple-red swollen leaflets.



Fascinating skumpia and mysterious hazel

Skumpia tannery Royal Purple (Royal Purple). This picturesque shrub grows up to 1.5 meters in height and in diameter. Slender shoots are densely leafy, which gives the plant a lush rounded crown. Leaves purple-burgundy. In early summer, the shrub is densely covered with numerous compact pink flowers collected in openwork inflorescences. And by the end of summer, long red threads appear on the peduncles, giving the crown an airy, cloud-like shape.

Common hazel Purpurea (Purpurea) - a shrub reaches a height of 5 meters, the crown is widely spreading, the shoots grow vertically. At the end of April, the hazel blossoms and small purple catkins appear surrounded by foliage. And the leaves are a sight to behold! They are large, deep wine color. Across the entire area of ​​​​the leaves there are several decorative curves resembling waves. Fruits nuts known as hazelnuts.

Red-leaved perennials

Unpretentious geuchera with red foliage

Geyhera hybrid Cajun Fire (Kayun fire) is a miniature perennial with red leaves growing up to 25 cm in spherical shape. The leaves are large, deep red, darkening during the season, becoming dark purple. Pink-white flowers bloom on long stalks above a shock of red leaves.

Geichera hybrid Rio (Rio) - a herbaceous plant up to 30 cm high with a voluminous spreading crown. The leaves delight with their amber-red hue. It blooms with snow-white small inflorescences that bloom in spring on long vertical pedicels. The plant feels great in partial shade, so it can be planted in the near-trunk zone of large trees.



Red-leaved cereals: emperora and millet

Imperata Red baron (Red Baron) grows up to 45 cm in height. It has vertically growing foliage. When young, they are bright green, with a red tint at the tips. Then they turn completely red. It blooms in late summer with fluffy silver spikelets.

Root millet Rehbraun (Rehbraun) - herbaceous growth up to 2m in height. A dense shrub covered with flat linear foliage of an unusual red-brown color. In August, many panicle inflorescences appear creating an airy effect. It retains its decorative appearance for a very long time.



Popular sedum with purple fleshy leaves

Stonecrop hybrid Cherry Tart (Cherry Tart) is a compact perennial growing up to 20 cm in height and 45 cm in width with a flower size up to 5 cm. Round fleshy leaves stand out for their deep cherry hue. Blooms with small yellow flowers.

Stonecrop telephium Purple Emperor (Purple Emperor) is a perennial plant up to 70 cm in height. Dark purple vertical shoots are decorated with large dark red, almost burgundy, foliage. It blooms profusely with luxurious pink flowers, collected in lush rounded inflorescences.



We have presented a list of far from all plants with red foliage. You can always explore catalog of our online store and pick up alternative options. Do not be afraid to show your imagination, experiment, and you will definitely get a surprisingly beautiful and attractive landscape outside the window.

Hardwood Trees / Types of Hardwood Trees / Harder than Steel

Mankind has always needed solid materials. It is believed that various metals, alloys, such as steel, cast iron, and so on, have the highest hardness rates. But there are "champions" with high rates for this parameter among trees, the wood of which is much stronger than the hardest metals.

Iron wood

Among the very first tools that man began to use at the very dawn of civilization, there were not only bone and stone, but also wooden objects. Even then, still not knowing anything about such a concept as hardness, people noticed that for different trees and shrubs, wood differs in strength, the force with which tools made from it can act on other objects without being damaged or destroyed. From this people came to the concept of hardness. The trees that had the highest scores for this characteristic were called "iron".

It should be noted that in different areas, on different continents and continents, this name meant completely different tree species. But for the most part, in addition to high strength, they had other similar parameters. In particular, the wood of these types of trees:

  • does not float on the surface or in the water column, but sinks to the bottom, sinks;
  • these trees are very rarely affected by various diseases, harmful insects and other biopests;
  • it is difficult to process and so on.

Today, thanks to the high development of science and technology, people have penetrated the most secret secrets of nature, gained knowledge about biological and physical laws, learned to determine the hardness of various materials. In particular, the following two main methods are used for testing wood: Brinell and Rockwell. They got their name from the names of the scientists who developed them and put them into practice. In the first case (according to Brinell), to diagnose the test sample, it is affected by a special ball, and in the second (according to Rockwell) with the help of a diamond tool. After the end of the test, a depression of varying depth remains on the surface of the material (wood). By its size, the hardness of the tree is judged.

For some types of wood, this parameter is so high that it exceeds the values ​​of a similar characteristic for metals and their alloys. The wood of such trees, they are called "iron", people use to solve various problems. It was made earlier and is being produced now:

  • nails;
  • furniture;
  • structural parts and assemblies of complex machines and assemblies;
  • building fixtures and fittings, and so on.

The strength index of different trees of the same variety is influenced by:

  • age, the older the tree, the stronger it is, since the wood loses moisture over time, “dries out”;
  • climatic features of the place of growth, in arid regions, the value of wood hardness will be higher than in wet ones, at low temperatures, the growth of seedlings, planting material slows down, which also leads to an increase in hardness;
  • the way that the craftsmen used when sawing wood;
  • the area of ​​wood from which the sample was made, the hardness at the surface, directly under the bark and in the core of the trunk is different, it is higher near the bark.

A high hardness value can be both an advantage and disadvantage of wood, depending on the intended use. In most cases, iron wood has a very beautiful texture, unusual color, so it is especially in demand in the production of various furniture and furnishings. As positive factors inherent in them and associated with the high hardness of wood, one can note increased wear resistance, undemanding care, no need for additional processing, impregnation with pesticides. The negative points include: a significant cost of the material, difficulty in processing, difficulties in assembling, fixing furniture on the wall, repair.

Varieties of "iron trees"

As mentioned earlier, there are many trees with high hardness values ​​that are classified as "iron trees". Among the most widely used in manufacturing, construction, for the manufacture of furniture, the following can be mentioned.

Jatoba - Brazilian cherry

In the tropical forests of Central and South America, a tree grows, which is called the South American (Brazilian) cherry. The height of individual specimens can exceed 40 m. Young shoots, pubescent with small brownish hairs, form a wide crown. Compound leaves are assembled from two pointed, crescent-shaped leaves, having a length of 7.5 cm.

The South American plant is not related to the common cherry fruit tree in our country. Perhaps the plant got its name because of the wood, the core of which has a dark red or rich orange color. After cutting, within a week, it very quickly acquires a dark, brick-red hue.

Jatoba is one of the hardest breeds (7 points according to Brinell), used for the manufacture of furniture, decorative elements.

Sucupira

This is another representative of the South American flora, growing in the forest thickets of Colombia, Brazil, Venezuela. Expressive texture, small, narrow yellowish or light veins on a dull reddish-brown wood, lighter towards the edge, make it easily recognizable, very decorative. In addition to high hardness and strength, the distinctive quality of sucupira is the presence of oily substances in the layers of the tree, which prevent the development of diseases, strokes, and other pests.

Hardness of about 5.6 points makes it difficult to saw wood, which requires strict adherence to technology, which, if not followed, can lead to damage to all harvested raw materials. But the processing (grinding, polishing) is quite simple, which allows you to get high-quality, beautiful parquet flooring from it in a wide range of colors from cocoa with milk to burgundy. Products made from sucupira do not fade under the influence of ultraviolet rays, are not affected by fungus, harmful insects.

It takes about 100 years from planting until the plant reaches maturity, but already when the tree reaches 25 years of age, it can be processed. At this time, its trunk has an almost cylindrical trunk, devoid of side branches and shoots.

Mutania

A very interesting tree grows in the West African tropical rainforest, reaching 50-60 m in height, with a trunk diameter of about 1 m. The color of its wood resembles the color of walnut, and the structure is teak. This type of wood is called - turbidity. It belongs to the category of "iron", since the hardness value for it is 5 points. However, this value is not always sufficient and in some cases it can be damaged by mechanical action.

Mutania wood is valued by furniture makers, builders, because it does not crack, does not warp during the drying process, and when sawn, radial rays of a violet hue “appear” on it. High hygroscopicity does not allow wood to be treated with varnish, primer. But this does not need to be done, because it has an original natural luster. Mutania wood is used to make furniture, it is used for interior decoration, used in the production of parquet, veneer.

Intsia

Under the name merbau, wood of various types of intsia is widely used in European countries for the manufacture of parquet. With its high hardness (4.9 Brinell), it is even suitable for flooring in public buildings. In addition, it has increased moisture resistance, which makes it possible to use it in bathrooms, baths, saunas.

Intsia distribution area - South Asia, Oceania, New Guinea, Madagascar. The plant belongs to the legume family. The height of individual specimens reaches 30-50 meters, the diameter of the trunk is 1.5 m. At the same time, there are practically no side branches on the trunk.

Merbau wood has a range of colors from light orange to yellow. After sawing, processing, polishing, the surface of the wood becomes brownish and acquires a beautiful silver, bronze tint.

Canadian maple

The national flag of Canada is decorated with a stylized image of a maple leaf, since the sugar maple (Canadian) is a symbol of this country. Acer saccharum is a deciduous tree belonging to the Sapindaceae family. It occupies vast areas in North America. Maple also grows on the territory of our country, and recently it has been actively used in Europe as an ornamental plant for decorating gardens, parks, squares.

The lifespan of one plant can be 400 years. During this time, it grows up to 30-40 m in height, the thickness of the trunk reaches 1 m. Decorative maple gives a picturesque crown, consisting of small about 11 cm in length and width, leaves of the original form. In summer they are dark green, with the onset of autumn they acquire red, orange, yellow hues.

In addition to being decorative, Acer saccharum has a sweet-tasting sap that can be harvested in early spring and used in cooking, and durable, hard (4.8 Brinell points) wood, widely used for making furniture, expensive musical instruments, parquet, and cladding panels. , gun butts and even bowling pins.

Yarra (eucalyptus)

In total, about 700 species of eucalyptus trees from the myrtle family (Myrtaceae) grow in Australia. They grow very rapidly, especially at a young age, adding up to 5 m in height in a year. The growth of an adult plant is about 40-50 m. Among the features of eucalyptus: the ability to “drop” the bark in autumn, the location of the leaves edge to the sun, so they do not give a shadow at all, beautiful from dark red to light pink color of wood, a texture reminiscent of mahogany (mahogany) and high hardness (Brinell 5).

Yarra - wood of Eucalyptus marginata, dense, hard and flexible, easy to process: polished, ground. But she has a drawback - it is very difficult to cut it perfectly evenly. The main use of yarra wood is the decoration and cladding of yachts, boats, buildings in areas with high humidity.

Rosewood

In the Amazon jungle grows a very unusual tree Dalbergia decipularis or bahia. It grows only in the subtropics of Brazil and is notable for its hard wood (4.4 Brinell points) with a beautiful texture, coloring from yellow to pink, with small red touches. But the most amazing thing is its smell. Bahia gives off a fragrance characteristic of rose bushes. Because of this, the plant received another name - rosewood.

The wood is perfectly polished and used in furniture production, for the manufacture of musical instruments (recorders, guitars), gift boxes for cigars (humidor), for woodcarving. But still, its main value is the essential oil, which has antiseptic, bactericidal properties. It is widely used in cosmetology, dermatology, used as an analgesic, sedative. In addition, it is a powerful aphrodisiac.

Ash

Elastic, durable and hard (4.0 points according to Brinell) wood has ash, which can be found in almost all corners of our country. It belongs to the Maslinov family and, with an average height of 25-35 m, can sometimes reach a height of 60 m. The trunk diameter usually does not exceed 1 m. The ancient Novgorodians noticed the special hardness of ash wood. They used it to make combat (bows, clubs) and hunting (spears, spears) weapons.

Oak

In our country, oak is a kind of standard of hardness. We say: "Strong as an oak" when we want to emphasize the character traits of a person who has a strong will, purposefulness. However, when compared with other "iron" trees, its hardness is not so great, only 3.8 Brinell points. Oak, the Beech family, can grow both as a tree and as a shrub. Depending on the growing conditions, its wood differs in strength, strength, and severity.


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