How tall do redwood trees get
Giant Sequoias and Redwoods: The Largest and Tallest Trees
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Giant sequoias and California redwoods (also called coast redwoods) are nature's skyscrapers. These enormous trees exist primarily in Northern California, Oregon and Washington and though they have a number of common characteristics, including distinctive cinnamon-red bark, they are different species.
Giant sequoias can grow to be about 30 feet (9 meters) in diameter and more than 250 feet (76 m) tall. The biggest of these behemoths is General Sherman, a giant sequoia in Sequoia National Park. General Sherman stands 275 feet (84 m) tall, has a 102-foot (31 m) circumference, and weighs an incredible 2.7 million lbs. (1.2 million kilograms).
Giant sequoias can live to 3,000 years, with the oldest on record living more than 3,500 years. When they die, it is often indirectly because of root rot or another weakening of the base. Fire, root rot and dry spells do not typically affect the whole tree but if they destabilize the base, gravity can eventually take the tree down, according to Scientific American. This process takes a long time, as evidenced by the fact that sequoias are some of the longest living organisms on the planet.
Mature sequoias lack branches on the lower half of their trunks. Sequoia trunks taper as they rise, forming a rounded top where individual branches sweep downward. Their green leaves are small, scale-like, and arranged in spirals. Both male and females cones are carried on the same tree.
Sequoias grow naturally along the western slope of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, between 5,000 and 7,000 feet (1,524 and 2,134 m) above sea level and far inland. That elevation provides the trees with dry mountain air necessary for their cones to open and release seeds. The snowpack from the Sierra Nevada provides sequoias with the thousands of gallons of water every day. Sequoias have shallow roots and require well-drained soil.
Because of its brittle texture, the sequoia is not a valuable lumber species. It was, nevertheless, logged extensively around the turn of the 20th century. Originally, sequoias could be found throughout the Northern Hemisphere. Today, they are found only in 77 scattered groves in Northern California. Among the places that preserve giant sequoias are Sequoia National Forest, Sequoia National Park, and Giant Sequoia National Monument.A woman stands against a giant sequoia in Sequoia National Park in California. (Image credit: Rob van Esch Shutterstock )
Droughts in California have scientists worried about sequoia health. The drought of the 2010s left many sequoias stressed from lack of water, according to Scientific American. Though sequoias usually die under their own weight, recently scientists have seen some die still standing, and others exhibiting symptoms of dehydration, including brown foliage at the top of the tree. One scientist told PBS in 2015, "The trees are definitely as stressed as we've ever seen giant sequoia."
Not all giant sequoia are suffering from the drought, however. Deborah Zierten, education and interpretation manager with the Save the Redwoods League told LiveScience that a giant sequoia's response to drought is dependent on location. "There are some parks where they have seen a decline in recent years and others where the growth seems to be the same." The differences could be attributed to fire suppression, weather, location and amount of snowmelt exposure, and density of the trees. "There could be competition in some areas," Zierten said.
Fire suppression is another threat to giant sequoias. "Giant sequoias are very dependent on fire," said Zierten. Fire helps release the seeds from their cones, recycle nutrients in the soil, reduce competition from other trees, remove undergrowth and expose bare soil in which new seedlings can take root and open holes in the forest canopy, which let in sunlight for young seedlings.
"There's been a lot of fire suppression over the last 100 or so years," said Zierten. "Some of the parks are trying to reintroduce fire to clear out that understory and stimulate growth."
Researchers are working to understand how climate change is and will continue to affect giant sequoias. Lack of precipitation from snowmelt will probably be the biggest threat, said Zierten. Increased wildfires could also impact sequoias.
These tallest of trees reach heights of more than 350 feet (107 m). The tallest tree in the world is named Hyperion, which reaches 379.7 feet (115.7 m). Redwoods can achieve a diameter of 24 feet (7 m), and 1.6 million lbs. (725,700 kg). These giants can live to be 2,000 years old and have graced the planet for more than 240 million years. Though they once thrived throughout much of the Northern Hemisphere, today redwoods are only found on the coast from central California through southern Oregon. They do not live more than 50 miles inland, and are usually found in long belts, rather than small groves.
True to their name, coast redwoods need a moderate, coastal climate to survive. They require the area's frequent fog to protect them from dry spells and drought. Like sequoias, redwoods require abundant water to drink and have shallow root systems. Redwoods, however, get their water from rain rather than snowmelt, and therefore require consistent rainfall throughout the year. They even "create" their own rain by trapping fog in their lofty branches. With the right amount of moisture, redwoods can grow two or three feet in a year, making them one of the fastest-growing conifers in the world.
In contrast to their size, redwoods have extremely small cones — about one inch long. They have appropriately large root systems, however, often extending 100 feet (30 meters) and intertwining with the roots of other redwoods, according to the California Department of Parks and Recreation. Baby redwoods often sprout at their parents' base, latching onto their roots for nutrients. For this reason, they often grow in circular clusters sometimes called fairy rings.
The coast redwood's lumber has been highly valued historically. It is durable, resistant to rot and termites, non-warping, and relatively soft. For this reason, it has been extensively logged. Since logging began in the 1850s, 95 percent of old-growth coast redwoods have been cut down, according to the Sempervirens Fund. Today, many redwoods exist in protected forests and parks.
The changing climate presents problems for redwoods. A warmer climate may result in less rain, and perhaps more concerning, less fog, which has historically been the tree's defense against dry spells, according to an ongoing study by a group of University of California-based researchers. Fog in northern California and Oregon is on the decline because of climate change and the expanding human population along the coasts, which produce "urban heat islands," according to a UC Merced researcher with the study.
On the other hand, a long-term study conducted by the Save the Redwoods League found that coastal redwoods have seen unprecedented growth over the last 100 years. They are still trying to understand why but one theory involves lessening fog in those areas. "We can't necessarily attribute the spike in growth to any one particular thing, but we know there has been a decrease in fog in the last 100 years," said Zierten. "This means sunnier days, and on sunnier days they are able to photosynthesize a lot. That could be a possibility."
Many studies suggest that redwoods and sequoias may also play an important part in mitigating climate change, according to Zierten. The trees have the ability to pull in and store dangerous carbon, keeping it from wreaking havoc on the climate. "Ancient redwood forests store at least three times more carbon above ground than any other forests on Earth," according to a Redwoods and Climate Change Initiative study.
Zierten emphasized that these studies have focused on ancient, or old-growth, forests. The trees there are bigger so they are able to store more carbon. "Because they are such long-lived trees, they are able to keep that carbon in their wood for a very, very long time," she said. "But it's really about the forest, not the individual trees. Even the fallen logs store carbon, as do the under-story plants."
For this reason, Zierten recommends that conservation organizations focus on preserving and restoring the old-growth forests that we still have, rather than planting more and more trees. "With second-growth forests, one of our goals is to do restoration to make sure they become the old-growth forests of the future," she says. "A huge area of the range is second-growth. We need to take what we have and make sure the forests are healthy and continue to thrive."
Restoration efforts depend on the species and location, but some common techniques include "prescribed burning, clearing out understory, thinning, cutting down smaller trees to give big trees more room to grow and invasive plant removal," said Zierten. The Save the Redwoods League also restores creeks and removes some of the many roads that were built during logging booms and cause erosion.
Furthermore, the iconic status of California redwoods may help maintain public interest in saving these climate-helping trees. Zierten encourages West-Coasters and visitors alike to explore redwoods and sequoias in places beyond Muir Woods and Sequoia National Park. "There are 93 parks that conserve redwood and sequoias," she said.
- In 1881, in Yosemite National Park, a tunnel was built through the Wawona "Tunnel" tree. It was so big that people could drive their carriages — later their cars — right through. The 2,100-year-old tree fell in 1969 under heavy snowfall (some blame the tunnel's damage). Today, there are three other privately owned tunnel trees that charge a fee to drive through. On January 8, 2017, a massive storm brought down Pioneer Cabin Tree, a popular tunnel tree that the California Department of Parks and Recreation estimated at 100 feet tall.
- A fallen coast redwood will often send up new shoots, growing new trees off of its trunk. This is called a candelabra tree.
- Redwoods and giant sequoias were used to build many of the original buildings in San Francisco, Oakland, and Sacramento in the latter 1800s.
- Redwoods and giant sequoias are adept at — though by no means immune to — surviving fire. Their bark contains no flammable pitch or resin and is extremely thick.
- Save the Redwoods League
- National Park Service: Sequoia & Kings Canyon
- NPS: Redwood National and State Parks
Coast Redwoods | Save the Redwoods League
Coast Redwoods Facts
|Tallest Tree: 380 feet||Redwood National and State Parks||As tall as a 37-story building|
|Widest Tree: 29.2 feet||Redwood National and State Parks||The length of 2 Volkswagen Beetles|
|Remaining old-growth forest: 110,000 acres (5% of original)||From southern Oregon to Central California||About size of San Jose|
|Total protected redwood forest: 382,000 acres (23% of their range)||From southern Oregon to Central California||The size of Houston|
|Privately owned redwood forest: 1. 2 million acres (77% of their range)||From southern Oregon to Central California||The size of 4 Rio De Janeiros|
To learn more, visit our Redwood Forest Facts page.
About Coast Redwoods
The Tallest Trees In The WorldCoast Redwood Height Comparison
Standing at the base of Earth’s tallest tree, the coast redwood, is one of life’s most humbling and amazing experiences. These California trees can reach higher than a 30-floor skyscraper (more than 320 feet), so high that the tops are out of sight.
Their trunks can grow more than 27 feet wide, about eight paces by an average adult person! Even more incredible: These trees can live for more than 2,000 years. Some coast redwoods living today were alive during the time of the Roman Empire.
HistoryClick to enlarge.
Redwoods once grew throughout the Northern Hemisphere. The first redwood fossils date back more than 200 million years to the Jurassic period. Before commercial logging and clearing began in the 1850s, coast redwoods naturally occurred in an estimated 2 million acres (the size of three Rhode Islands) along California’s coast from south of Big Sur to just over the Oregon border. When gold was discovered in 1849, hundreds of thousands of people came to California, and redwoods were logged extensively to satisfy the explosive demand for lumber and resources. Today, only 5 percent of the original old-growth coast redwood forest remains, along a 450-mile coastal strip. Most of the coast redwood forest is now young. The largest surviving stands of ancient coast redwoods are found in Humboldt Redwoods State Park, Redwood National and State Parks and Big Basin Redwoods State Park.
The native people of California did not typically cut down coast redwoods, but used fallen trees to make planks for houses and hollowed out logs for canoes. The natives also regularly used common redwood forest plants. Read more about uses of redwood forest plants through our Redwood Forest Plant Guide.
The coast redwood is one of the world’s fastest-growing conifers, or cone-bearing trees. In contrast to the tree’s size, redwood cones are very small — only about an inch long. Each cone contains a few dozen tiny seeds: it would take well over 100,000 seeds to weigh a pound! In good conditions, redwood seedlings grow rapidly, sometimes more than a foot annually. Young trees also sprout from the base of their parent’s trunk, taking advantage of the energy and nutrient reserves contained within the established root system.
Frequent, naturally occurring fires play an important role in maintaining coast redwood forests because they rid the forest floor of combustible materials. Forest fires create space for redwood seedlings (and other plants) to grow. In contrast, decades of fire suppression practices usually result in the accumulation of dead plant material that may fuel intense, destructive fires.
Redwoods can usually survive natural forest fires because of their thick (up to 12 inches), protective bark. Redwoods get their name from the beautiful reddish hue of their bark. Redwood bark is soft, fibrous and rich in tannins (which help prevent insect damage). You can learn more about the impact of fire on our redwood and sequoia forests through our blog.
Where coast redwoods live, temperatures are moderate year-round. Heavy rains provide the trees with much-needed water during the winter months and dense summer fog contributing moisture to the forest during the dry summer months. Redwoods even create their own “rain” by capturing fog on their leaves. The coastal fog condenses on redwood needles creating water droplets. Some of the water is absorbed by the needles and some drips to the ground, providing water to the redwood forest understory. You can learn more about the relationship of redwood forest plants and fog through our research grants.
In recent years, scientists have discovered that life abounds in the canopy (the tops of old trees) and on the forest floor. Canopy research supported by Save the Redwoods League has revealed that many species can live in the redwood canopy, including worms, salamanders and plants such as Sitka spruce, ferns and huckleberry.
Learn more about these majestic trees and download the California’s Redwood State Parks brochure.
Since 1918, Save the Redwoods League has been working to protect, restore and conserve our remaining redwood forests. We have helped protect redwood forests and surrounding land totaling more than 200,000 acres (about the size of New York City). Our conservation work depends on close partnerships with scientists, land managers, industries and other land conservation organizations. We’re the only organization with the type of comprehensive approach needed to ensure that forests that take one thousand years to grow will be here for another thousand years.
You can learn more about our conservation work by visiting our protect and restore pages.
To help protect redwood forests, we must continue to study them. There is still much we do not know about these towering giants and their surrounding forests. Through our Research Grants Program we have learned that:
- Redwood forests are affected by the tree disease commonly known as “sudden oak death.” Sudden oak death kills tanoak trees, a redwood forest inhabitant. When tanoaks die, extra brush is created, increasing fire intensity by three to four times than those in forests not affected by the disease.
- Amphibian species are also affected by the destruction of old-growth forests. Researchers found fewer than half as many animals at a property containing young, very small, mostly second-growth trees than at adjacent parkland containing undisturbed forests.
- To increase the population of martens, which depend on old-growth forests for their home, researchers found that suitable marten habitat can be created by planting understory shrubs like rhododendron and evergreen huckleberry, strategically removing roads and installing “rest boxes” for the animals.
You can read more about League-funded research projects on our research grants page.
Redwoods and Climate Change Initiative
To meet the pressing need for research on how redwoods can survive sweeping environmental changes, the League and redwoods scientists launched the multiyear Redwoods and Climate Change Initiative. Our goal is to create a comprehensive climate adaptation strategy for the redwoods. These findings will help focus League efforts on where to protect and restore redwood forestland according to climate change forecasts.
Working on scales from leaves to landscapes, no other team of investigators in the world has the unique and complementary skills to conduct this integrated 10-year investigation of redwoods. The investigation includes a network of forest plots that can be monitored for more than 100 years. This program will yield data-based solutions to protect redwoods in a changing world. Read about our initial results on our Understanding Climate Change pages.
Visit the Redwoods
Check out our free resources that will help you plan your trips and learn more about the forests. You’ll find an interactive trip planning tool, redwood forest guides, events and a live webcam.
You Can Help
Today, it takes a community including private landowners, parks, local communities, scientists and our supporters to safeguard redwood forests. Together, we protect redwood forests from threats such as unsustainable development; restore the forests we have lost; and connect people to these towering wonders of nature. With your help, we can leave the forests — and the world — in a better place than we found them.
The height of an evergreen sequoia, a photo of a tree where a giant sequoia grows in Russia
Sequoia is an unprecedented phenomenon in the world of flora that can amaze even experienced botanists. It rightly bears the title of one of the tallest plants ever growing on the planet. And so that you are convinced of the uniqueness of the tree, then we will get to know it better: what are the main features of the plant, what can be the height of the sequoia, where it can be found.
- Characteristics of the genus
- Height of the giant
- Growing zones
- Sequoia: video
Characteristics of the genus
In order to fully reveal the specificity of the sequoia, you should first understand its basic characteristics. She is an evergreen representative of the Taxodievs, existing in the world in one form. The birthplace of the tree is North America: it was first identified there about 100 years ago.
Externally, it is a lush coniferous plant with red-brown bark that darkens with age. Despite the menacing appearance of the trees, their bark is quite soft and fibrous in texture. The average bark thickness is 30 cm.
The crown of the plant is conical, and the branches extend from the trunk either with a slight downward slope or strictly horizontally. Leaves in individuals change with age:
- in young - scaly, 10-15 mm long;
- old ones are flat and elongated with characteristic arrows.
In the very first year of development of the sequoia, brown-brown cones of a slightly elongated oval shape are formed. They are relatively small: 3 cm long and 2 cm wide. The roots of the tree are shallow, but spread very widely.
Attention! Sequoia is a real long-liver. The maximum age of some specimens may approach 2 thousand years.
The height of the giant
The height of the sequoia can be different, it all depends on the conditions and habitat. So, the standard indicators of a tree are: 60-80 m in length, and 7-9 m in diameter. Several truly giant trees are striking:
- Hyperion is a resident of the Redwood National Reserve. In 2006, scientists recorded a record height of a sequoia - 115.6 m. They also argued that the plant could have developed to a mark of 115.8 m, but this did not happen due to damage to the crown.
- The Dyerville Giant is a celebrity of the Humboldt Redwoods National Park with a height of 113.4 m. According to scientists, its age exceeds 1600 years.
- Stratospheric Giant - also lives in Humboldt Redwoods. Its height is 113.11 m. The tree slowly continues to grow: in 2000 it reached 112.34 m, two years later - 112.56 m, and in 2004, when it received the status of a record holder, - 112.83 m.
Back in 2004, scientists came to the conclusion that the theoretically possible maximum height of a sequoia is no more than 130 m. substances from the soil to the tops of the crown. And this statement is true: numerous studies show that the branches at the highest points of the crown constantly experience a serious lack of water, which prevents them from growing fully, and the leaves at the top are always much more modest in size than those on the lower tiers.
In its bulk, the giant sequoia grows along the Pacific coast, but not at the very bottom, but at a level of 30-750 m above the sea. Active cultivation of the species began immediately after its discovery. And now, decades later, sequoias are grown in Canada, Italy, Britain, New Zealand and even in South Africa - where there is direct access to water. The last clarification is especially important and fundamental, because this coniferous evergreen loves sea air and humidity, in such conditions the trees feel best. Although there are known cases of sequoia growing at a height of 920 above sea level, but this is rather a rare exception to the rule.
Interestingly, in central Europe, sequoias, even with proper care, rarely grow to record sizes. For example, it is known that upon reaching the age of 70, European individuals stretch to a height of only 30 m. The trend is as follows: the closer to the natural habitats, the more actively the culture develops.
Residents of Russia also have the opportunity to see the evergreen sequoia not only in the photo, but also live - the tree is grown on the Black Sea coast. First of all, this is the territory of the Krasnodar Territory. In particular, so far young sequoias have been planted in the Sochi Arboretum, which in the future can become real giants.
Attention! Both in the US and in other parts of the world, sequoia growing areas are reserved. These are national parks, where the trees are given proper protection, as they are in a group of plants with a high risk of extinction.
As you can see, sequoia is exactly the case when the impossible is definitely possible. This evergreen giant proves that trees over 100 m high are not something from the category of fantasy, but a reality that can be observed in different parts of the world, and even in Russia.
Sequoia in the USA - types, descriptions, sizes and photos
Sequoia (lat. Sequoia ) is a genus of trees of the Cypress family growing on the Pacific coast of North America. We all heard about redwoods more than once, both in nature studies classes at school and on TV. But what these huge trees actually look like and where they grow, few people imagine. No less surprising is the fact that there are also different types of sequoias. We first saw these amazing giants during our independent trip by car in the United States. It turns out that the sequoia tree is also a symbol of the state of California. And in this article we will introduce you to these largest trees in the world (not to be confused with baobabs!).
Types of sequoia
Sequoia is an evergreen tree belonging to the cypress family. We have already seen cypresses in California when we drove along the 17 Mile Road. Three types of sequoia trees are known worldwide, two of which grow in the USA:
- Coastal sequoia ( Sequoia sempervirens ) - grows on the coast of California in the USA;
- Giant sequoia ( Sequoiadendron giganteum ) - common in the Sierra Nevada region;
- Metasequoia ( Metasequoia ) - grows in China.
And only giant sequoia is widely known in the world under the name sequoia . Coastal is also called redwood, or redwood ( Redwood ). It is these two species that are the largest trees in the world. The coastal sequoia is the tallest tree, and the giant sequoia is the most voluminous. The Chinese metasequoia is not surprising at all with its size. Sequoia sempervirens )
Tree redwood is found only on the Pacific Coast in Northern California and Oregon. This species (Evergreen Sequoia, Red Sequoia) does not grow anywhere else in the world. Redwood is rightfully considered the tallest tree in the world on planet Earth and reaches a height of 115 meters. About 50 currently growing redwoods have a height of more than 100 meters. The thickness of the trunk reaches 6.5 meters. There are specimens of redwood sequoia aged from 1500 to 2000 years.
Hard but soft redwood bark
Giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum )
Nevada in California, at an altitude of 1500-2000 meters. This type of tree got its name because of its gigantic size. And even though their tallest trees don't exceed 95 meters, the thickness of the trunk can reach 12 meters. The oldest representative of the growing today has an age of about 3200 years. Currently, only about 30 groves of giant sequoias have survived.
An interesting fact. According to some reports, the breeding season of the giant sequoia begins when it reaches the age of about 400 years. A mandatory concomitant factor in order for the sequoia to give offspring is high temperature. Here's what we know about wildfires and their benefits to redwoods:
- Forest fires do not cause significant damage to mature trees;
- Sequoia bark, which absorbs moisture from the air like a sponge, is quite resistant to fire;
- However, the heat generated by burning the forest floor is best for opening the buds and bringing redwood seeds to the ground and germinating in soil rich in minerals after burning;
- In addition, the forest, thinned by fire, allows sunlight to break through the dense canopy of trees and creates conditions for the growth of young redwoods.
Watch Video about giant sequoia and their dependence on forest fires:
Metasecia (Metasequoia )
But there is another type of sequoia - Metasecium glyptobostobe -shaped , which grows to the causes in China, but these trees are quite normal in size. This species of sequoia is on the verge of extinction and is listed in the Red Book. They are very rare, and only on the slopes of mountains in remote areas of the Chinese provinces. That is, the ordinary tourist is not available. But the American sequoias - redwood and the giant one can be seen both from the car window, and take a walk along the forest paths in a grove among majestic trees.
Sequoia in the USA
When we traveled around the USA by car during our World Tour - One World, we spent a lot of time getting to know the largest trees in the world. So, let's figure out where to go if you have a desire to get acquainted with coastal and giant sequoias in the USA.
The thickness of the trunk of a giant sequoia reaches 12 meters in diameter. This is enough to fit a whole house inside it or to draw a highway!
Redwood Coastal Sequoias
The natural conditions in Northern California National Parks where the Sequoia grows are ideal for these giant trees. Redwood can be seen in the following parks and conservation areas in the United States:
- Redwood National Park ( Redwood national and state parks ) includes several state parks, which can be accessed for a fee. If you are on the highway and just going north, then you do not need to pay for it. And if you leave the highway to take a walk, then an annual subscription to national parks (Annual pass) is valid throughout the territory, except for state parks - Del Norte Coastal Redwood State Park and Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park - where you have to pay separately.
- Muir wood National Monument near San Francisco. There is an annual pass to the national parks.
- If you are traveling in California by car from San Francisco to the north, you can also drop by Humboldt Redwoods state park and Avenue of the giants ( Avenue of the giants ), fee separate. There you can drive your car through a tree for $5 ( Shrine Drive-thru tree ).
Sequoias are the tallest trees in the world
Highway 101 is even called Redwood Highway after its main attraction. You can just drive along the highway and admire the sequoias growing on its sides. And here redwood grows without the protection of national parks. And knowledgeable people will go not only along the 101 road, but also along the 199 highway in Oregon, which also bears the proud name redwood highway . And as it seemed to me personally, here the trees are more beautiful, and the track is prettier. And it’s even more pleasant that you are driving, and the sequoias themselves are growing around, which even becomes inconvenient that people cut a road in the rock and disturbed the tranquility of nature. So, Redwood Highway is:
- Route 101 in Northern California from the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco to Crescent City;
- parallel to Avenue of the Giants in the Humboldt State Park area;
- Route 199 in Oregon.
Map of Humbolt Park (Avenue Giants)
Giant Sequoia General Giant California in the Sierra Nevada Mountains, and to admire these trees, you can visit three national parks:9000 9000 giant forest ( Giant Forest listen)) in Sequoia National Park ( Sequoia national park ). The entire park consists of giant sequoia trees, and the famous tree General Sherman , to which a whole queue is lining up. It is the largest and heaviest tree in the world. Its height is 84 meters, the circumference of the trunk at the ground exceeds 31 meters, the volume is about 1500 m 3 , and the mass is estimated at 1900 tons!
Where Sequoia Grows
Sequoia trees grow on the US West Coast. And when we traveled by car through the national parks of America, we visited several parks in the state of California, where we saw coastal and giant sequoias in all their glory:
- Redwood National Park , about which they wrote a detailed article. This is the place where coastal redwoods grow in their most natural environment;
- The Redwood Highway has been a pleasure to ride in both California and Oregon;
- As for the giant sequoia, we have visited all three places where they grow: Sequoia Park, Grant Grove in Kings Canyon and Mariposa Grove in Yosemite;
- But we didn't get to Humboldt Park , because in the evening we were in a hurry to come to Eureka and rushed along the highway with a breeze and did not stop at the Avenue of the Giants. Nevertheless, the evening drive turned out to be very inspiring, and we took many photos from the car window. You can see them in a post about the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, Cape Point Reyes and the Northern California road.
Sequoias with a tunnel in the trunk for cars and pedestrians
In January 2017, it became known that the most famous sequoia with a tunnel in the trunk , the Pioneer Cabin Tree, fell in California. This giant sequoia in the US became famous for having a tunnel in the trunk that a car could drive through. A tree that was growing in Calaveras Big Trees State Park was downed by a violent storm, making worldwide news and sparking an unprecedented interest in sequoias.
The original tunnel at the base of this giant sequoia was made in the late 1880s at the request of the owner of the Murphys Hotel. It was a tourist attraction, because it was incredibly interesting for people of that time to pass and even drive through the trunk, and then tell all their friends about it. So more and more people learned about this interesting place and they increasingly came to the park and stayed at the hotel.
This particular tree was chosen for cutting the tunnel because it already had a huge scar from a forest fire. In fairness, it must be said that the idea of the tunnel was not new and, according to the idea of the hotel owner, this sequoia tree was supposed to compete with the already well-known Wawona Tree in Yosemite's Wawona Tree in the USA, which was tunneled much earlier, in 1881, in order to attract as many visitors to the park as possible. And although the Wawona sequoia in the Mariposa Grove stood much less (only until February 1969), some older Americans still remember the car tunnel in it.
Interesting fact: Fallen sequoia with a tunnel on January 8, 2017 was not the only one in California. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, it was very fashionable in the western United States to make such tunnels in giant trees in order to attract everyone's attention and develop automobile tourism. After all, through it it was possible not only to walk or ride a bicycle, but also to drive inside the sequoia by car. However, this trend caused irreparable damage to nature and was quickly stopped.
More than a century has passed since then, and almost all the trees with car tunnels have collapsed. The Pioneer Cabin Tree was the last such tree of its kind, and now it has also fallen. However, you can still see a couple of giant sequoias with a tunnel for pedestrians on the West Coast of the United States and three coastal sequoias with car tunnels.
California Tunnel Tree
Giant sequoia tunnels:
- California Tunnel Tree in Mariposa Grove (Yosemite National Park). The tunnel was made in 1895 in such a way that a horse-drawn carriage could pass through this giant sequoia. Today, the tunnel can only be walked or cycled through.
- Dead Tunnel Tree in Tulumne Grove, also in Yosemite National Park. It was the very first growing giant sequoia to be tunneled through (earlier tunnels were already made in fallen tree trunks).
Coastal Redwood Vehicle Tunnels:
- Chandelier Tree is the most famous tunnel tree in the USA and is located in Drive-Thru Tree Park in Leggett, California USA ). Its height is 96 meters. The tunnel was made in the late 30s of the XX century, its width is 1.8 m and the height is 2.06 m. Anyone can drive through the sequoia in a car and take a photo of their car inside the tree for 5 US dollars.