How tall does a chinese pistache tree grow


Chinese Pistache Tree for Sale - Buying & Growing Guide

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Pistachia Chinensis

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Plant Care

Sunlight

The Chinese pistache tree grows best when it gets full sun: six or more hours of direct light a day.

Watering

Once established, these trees are drought-resistant, but water young trees several times a week.

Fertilizing

Fertilize in spring with a nitrogen-rich formula; use superphosphate if the trees do not show robust growth.

Planting and Care

by Mary Van Keuren | Gardener (30+ Years Experience) – last update on April 12, 2022

Planting instructions

Site your Chinese pistache tree in soil that drains well, in a spot that gets good sunlight at least six hours a day. Since a mature tree has a canopy 25 to 35 feet wide, keep it 15 feet or more away from buildings, and avoid overhead wires. Dig a hole that’s as deep as the root ball and three times as wide. Unpot the sapling, and tease out any encircling roots, as they can girdle the tree and kill it. Place it in the hole and hold it upright as you fill in around it with topsoil, tamping down as you go to avoid air pockets. Water thoroughly, and spread an organic mulch, such as bark chips, around the root zone, being careful that it does not touch the trunk itself.

Watering and nutrients

For the tree’s first growing season, water it twice a week, unless you have good rainfall. Once it’s established and showing robust growth, you can cut back on watering. A mature tree should not need supplemental watering unless you’re experiencing an extreme drought. Fertilize young trees in spring and early summer with a nitrogen-rich product. An established tree won’t need fertilizing unless it shows signs of nutrient deficiencies, such as yellowing leaves.

Pollination

Chinese pistache trees are dioecious, meaning that male and female plant parts are on separate trees. If you have more than one tree including both types, you will see small bright fruits in clusters on the female trees. They are green in late summer, then turn to red and finally to blue. They are beloved by birds, which spread the seeds far and wide.

Pruning

A mature Chinese pistache tree shouldn’t need pruning except to remove broken or diseased branches. Young trees benefit from pruning in early spring to open up the center of the tree and eliminate weak branches, which may be coming out of the tree at an acute angle. Thin out lateral branches, leaving alternating, wide-angled ones on either side of the tree. You can also shape the young tree’s canopy somewhat, but don’t remove more than one-third of the branches in any one year.

Pests and diseases

The Chinese pistache tree is remarkably pest- and disease-free. Once in a great while, a tree may show signs of verticillium wilt, a fungal disease that causes leaves to curl up and wilt. It may also leave dark spots on the branches. There is no cure for it, and it lives on in the soil, so avoid replanting in the same spot. Pests that may impact your tree include aphids, scale insects, and foliage-feeding caterpillars.

Achieving maximum results

If you purchase a Chinese pistache tree and the young sapling is unbalanced or scrawny, don’t despair. The Chinese pistache tree has earned the nickname of the “ugly duckling tree” because it is often lopsided when young but eventually balances out to form a full, attractive canopy when it matures. Judicious pruning when your tree is young will help it build that full canopy, so schedule a pruning session each spring for the first few years. Trim out weak branches, as we suggested above, then step back and survey the tree. You want to build a good scaffold of wide branches around the central trunk, to give it the foundational elements that will allow it to thrive.

Is the Chinese pistache a messy tree?

No. It is a deciduous tree, so the leaves fall after their spectacular fall display and may need to be raked up. The berries are small enough to be inconsequential, and don't make a mess under the tree. Many will be eaten by birds. In general, the Chinese pistache tree is an unassuming tree that doesn't need much care and doesn't need to be cleaned up after.

Where can I grow a Chinese pistache tree?

Able to grow in USDA hardiness zones 6 to 10 outdoors, the Chinese pistache is hardy down to 0 degrees Fahrenheit. That means it can be grown throughout the southern US. and as far north as Oregon and Massachusetts. It is too large and has too deep a taproot to be able to thrive in containers, so those in far northern regions of the U.S. would be better served by a different type of tree.

Why aren't the leaves on my Chinese pistache tree turning red?

There are a couple of reasons why you might be missing out on the Chinese pistache's spectacular fall display. If the tree is in partial shade, it may not give you the best fall colors. A very wet summer may also limit the brilliant reds and oranges on the tree. Generally, the male trees will give you more vibrant colors than the female tree, which compensates by producing pretty clusters of red berries.

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Customer Reviews

Anonymous

Verified Buyer April 15, 2021 at 4:04pm

Two thumbs up

I was pleasantly surprised on the care of the package and the condition of the tree. I have not transplanted it yet but it is doing very well. Thank You!!

Chinese Pistache Uses - Care Of Chinese Pistache Trees In The Landscape

If you are looking for a tree suitable for a xeriscape landscape, one with ornamental attributes which also fulfills a valuable niche for wildlife, look no further than the Chinese pistache tree. If this piques your interest, read on for additional Chinese pistache facts and care of Chinese pistache.

Chinese Pistache Facts

The Chinese pistache tree is, as mentioned, a notable ornamental tree, especially during the fall season when the normally dark green foliage changes to a dramatic profusion of orange and red leaves. An excellent shade tree with a broad canopy, Chinese pistache will attain heights of between 30-60 feet (9-18 m.). A deciduous tree, the one foot (30 cm.) long pinnate leaves consist of between 10-16 leaflets. These leaves are mildly aromatic when bruised.

Pistacia chinensis, as the name suggests, is related to the pistachio; however, it does not produce nuts. Instead, if a male Chinese pistache tree is present, the female trees bloom in April with inconspicuous green blossoms that develop into clumps of brilliant red berries in the fall, changing to a blue-purple hue in the winter.

While the berries are inedible for human consumption, the birds go nuts for them. Keep in mind that the bright colored berries will drop and may stain or create a slippery walkway. If this is a concern, consider planting P. chinensis ‘Keith Davey,’ a fruitless male clone.

Native to China, Taiwan and the Philippines, Chinese pistache grows at a moderate pace (13-24 inches (33-61 cm.) per year) and is relatively long lived. It is also tolerant of many soil types as well as being drought tolerant with roots that grow deep into the soil. The bark of growing Chinese pistache is grayish-brown and, if peeled from the tree, reveals a shocking salmon pink interior.

So what are some landscape uses for Chinese pistache trees?

Chinese Pistache Uses

Chinese pistache is not a fussy tree. It can be grown in USDA zones 6-9 in a variety of soils as long as the soil is well draining. It is a sturdy tree with deep roots that make it an ideal specimen for near patios and sidewalks. It is heat and drought tolerant and winter hardy to 20 degrees F. (-6 C.) as well as relatively pest and fire resistant.

Use Chinese pistache anywhere you would like to add a shade addition to the landscape with the bonus of an opulent fall appearance. This member of the Anacardiaceae family also makes a lovely container specimen for the patio or garden.

Care of Chinese Pistache

The Chinese pistache is a sun lover and should be situated in an area of at least 6 hours of direct, unfiltered sunlight per day. As mentioned, Chinese pistache isn’t picky about the soil it’s grown in as long as it drains well. Choose a site of not only plenty of sun, but with fertile soil deep enough to accommodate the long taproots and at least 15 feet (4.5 m.) away from nearby structures to account for their growing canopies.

Dig a hole as deep as and 3-5 times as wide as the root ball of the tree. Center the tree in the hole, spreading the roots out evenly. Refill the hole; don’t amend it, as it is not necessary. Tamp the dirt down lightly around the base of the tree to remove any air pockets. Water the tree in well and spread a 2- to 3-inch (5-7.5 cm.) layer of mulch around the base, away from the trunk to discourage fungal disease, rodents and insects.

Although Chinese pistache trees are fairly disease and pest resistant, they are susceptible to verticillium wilt. Avoid planting them in any area that has had previous contamination.

Once the tree has been planted, continue to water twice a week for the next month while the tree acclimates. Thereafter, check the soil once a week and water only when the top one inch (2.5 cm.) is dry.

Feed trees under 5 years old in the spring and fall with a nitrogen based fertilizer. Use one that is supplemented with superphosphate only if they are growing less than 2-3 feet per year to give them a boost.

Young Chinese pistache should be pruned in January or February to facilitate their signature umbrella shape. When trees are six feet (1.5+ m.) tall, prune the tops of the trees. As branches emerge, choose one as the trunk, another as a branch and prune out the remainder. When the tree has grown another three feet, prune them to 2 feet (61 cm.) above the previous cut to encourage branching. Repeat this process until the trees are symmetrical with an open canopy.

Keep leaf debris and fallen berries raked up from around the trees to prevent unwanted seedlings.

Pistachio tree. Description. Where pistachios grow

Pistachios - this nut has a delicious taste and great benefits. Very often it is advised to use it for the prevention of many diseases, including even some psychological problems, which is why it is often used in medicine. Many cosmetologists also tout the beneficial properties of pistachios and recommend it to many. You can buy pistachios in almost any store, but we do not grow this tree, since pistachios grow only under certain conditions. The peculiarity of this species is that the plants on which pistachios can grow are evergreen or deciduous, both a tree and a bush.

Pistachios grow mainly in very hot countries with dry summers (tropical, subtropical climate). For the first time they began to grow in the Middle East, Central Asia. Now pistachios are grown in many countries, and the largest exporter of pistachios is Iran, they export more than 50% of all pistachios in the world. Pistachio plants are not often found in the wild, as pistachios usually grow separately from each other and it is rare to see wild foxes of these plants.

Despite the fact that pistachio grows only in hot countries, the plant itself is not whimsical and can withstand fairly low temperatures down to -25C. Also, trees of this species have a large root (two-tier) system, which can go deep by 15 meters. This is what allows the tree to grow on the slopes of the mountains, where these trees can be found most often.

It is worth noting the fact that these plants are divided into male and female, so for their fruiting it is worth making sure that two sexes are present. As with many other nuts, the wind plays a major role in pollination. The soil in which the tree grows should be rich in calcium (usually brown).

Every year this issue becomes more and more relevant, but the climate in Russia is generally not suitable for growing this plant. But due to the fact that pistachios can tolerate short frosts, some regions can still be noted where this tree could grow and bear fruit. For example, pistachios can grow in the Crimea, which means that in the regions on the same strip and to the south, this tree can also be grown. But do not forget that there should be a lot of calcium in the soil, and the region should have a very dry summer.

Ripe Pistachios: Video

Photo of how pistachios grow:

Most do not imagine how pistachios grow, although for many they are a favorite delicacy. These medium-sized nuts are not only tasty, but also very healthy. This graceful plant belongs to the sumac genus and has about a dozen species that differ in habitat, stem height, leaf shape, fruit size and taste. Where do pistachios grow?

Habitat

In the wild, this plant is distributed in the subtropical and tropical regions of Eurasia and Central America. The birthplace of pistachios is the Middle East and Central Asia. This is where they have been cultivated for many centuries since ancient times. In the Mediterranean countries, mastic pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus L.) and turpentine pistachio grow. In the north and northwest of Africa, the real pistachio is found throughout Asia, two species of this plant can be found in California and Mexico. Wild pistachio trees grow in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Chinese pistachio grows in the north of China. These trees in some places reach a height of 15 m and have trunks up to 1 m in diameter. Currently, various varieties of artificially cultivated pistachios have been bred. In industrial quantities for export, these nuts are grown in Greece, Spain, Italy, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan and Turkey.

This small tree prefers sierozem or brown mountain-steppe soils. In the wild, it often grows on cliffs, slopes and other hard-to-reach places. Needs plenty of sunlight and a fairly high average annual temperature. Easily tolerates lack of moisture. A necessary condition for good vegetation is an excess of calcium in the soil. This plant is unpretentious, adapted to sudden changes in temperature, can withstand drops to -25 ° C.

What a pistachio tree looks like

The true pistachio is a small, multi-stemmed tree up to 6 m tall. The crown is very dense, spherical. Often a pistachio tree looks like a shrub. Grows very slowly. A twenty-year-old plant can be only 1 m high. Depending on climatic conditions and places of growth, the plant is evergreen or deciduous. Most often you can find a single plant. In some places sparse pistachio forests are formed. It is an integral component of the Mediterranean maquis.

Beautiful bright green leaves, simple in some species, trifoliate or pinnate in others, entire, covered with a waxy coating. The bark of the trunks is ash-gray, rather thick, in young shoots it is maroon in color, just like the leaves, it is covered with a wax coating. Leaves at high temperatures intensively secrete essential oils, prolonged inhalation of which can lead to dizziness, nausea, and even loss of consciousness. Therefore, pistachios were previously harvested by hand only in the early morning. Currently, the collection of pistachios is automated.

The root system is two-tiered. The upper layer of roots extends 30-40 m away from the main trunk and performs the function of absorbing surface moisture. The lower tier goes into the ground to a depth of 12-15 m and is able to absorb deep groundwater. Such a root system protects the plant from drought and allows it to survive on dry, rocky, crumbling slopes. Therefore, pistachio is often planted to fix landslide slopes.

Depending on the ambient temperature, this plant starts flowering in April, with warm spring in March. Pistachio flowers are small, inconspicuous greenish in color, collected in panicle inflorescences. Pistachios are dioecious, meaning they have same-sex flowers. Female pistillate flowers, from which fruits are formed after pollination, are larger, three- or four-parted, collected in wide panicles. Male staminate flowers are smaller, five-parted, with five stamens, collected in rarer panicles. Pollination occurs by insects or wind. In natural habitats, pistachio trees with male flowers range from 39up to 47% of all. In cultural plantings, male plants make up no more than 10% of all trees. This is quite enough before the pollination of fruit-bearing female plants.

The fruits are one-seeded dry drupes. When ripe, the skin covering the seed turns red. The pulp of the seed is light green in color. It is believed that the brighter the color of the seed, the tastier and healthier it is. Pistachios begin to bear fruit after 8-10 years of life. The most abundant fruiting begins at 15 years. The fruits ripen from July to October. Ripe fruits crack slightly with a characteristic click. Gather nuts in September-October.

This small tree is long-lived. The average lifespan of a pistachio is 400 years. Trees are known to live up to 700 years.

Benefits

Pistachios have been cultivated for over 2,000 years. In ancient Persia, these small nuts were considered a symbol of wealth. This plant from Asia came to Greece and Italy back in the days of the Roman Empire. Pistachios are also mentioned in the Bible. These nuts are valued for their delicate creamy taste, nutritional value and beneficial properties.

Pistachios are widely used in the confectionery industry. They are added to chocolate, ice cream, cakes, sweets and other sweets. It is a traditional component of some national dishes in Central Asia.

Pistachio fruits contain up to 65% vegetable oil, up to 25% protein, up to 7% carbohydrates, vitamins A, E and B1. Eating them alleviates the condition in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract and tuberculosis. Vegetable oil, which is part of the fruit, has a mild choleretic property and is used in the treatment of cholecystitis and hepatitis. Regular introduction of a small amount of pistachios into the diet helps to lower cholesterol and thus has a beneficial effect on the state of the cardiovascular system. Due to the content of vitamins A and E, pistachios have a rejuvenating effect on the body and reduce the effects of stress. It is believed that these nuts have aphrodisiac properties.

What is the plant used for?

In folk medicine, nuts and pistachio oil are used in the treatment of various pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, stomach and duodenal ulcers, anemia, lung diseases, eczema and other weeping ulcers. In modern pharmaceuticals, pistachio tree resin is used in the production of ointments for burns, skin cracks and bedsores.

Pistachio oil, obtained from the fruit, is widely used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Thanks to its antioxidant, softening and nourishing properties, it has a beneficial effect on the skin and is included in many cosmetic preparations. Regular rubbing pistachio oil into the scalp strengthens the hair and accelerates its growth. Creams with this oil have a lifting and whitening effect, so their use allows you to get rid of fine wrinkles and age spots.

Bright low bushes of pistachio have a very decorative appearance, so in the Mediterranean countries they are often used for landscaping streets and parks. Dense and durable wood has been used in carpentry since ancient times. It is used for inlaid furniture and the manufacture of expensive wear-resistant parquet. In addition, first-class charcoal is obtained from it.

The well-known frankincense used in religious Christian rites is obtained from dried pistachio resin. When burned, this resin not only aromatizes, but also disinfects the air in the room, thanks to its antiseptic properties. Mixed with honey and vegetable oil, the resin of this plant is applied to infected, difficult to heal ulcers. The resin of the pistachio tree is used in the production of alcohol and artistic varnishes. Chewing pistachio gum eliminates bad breath, cleans teeth and strengthens gums.

Leaves and galls (cone-shaped outgrowths on leaves) are rich in tannins and tannins. They are used to make extracts used for tanning leather. From the leaves, strong dyes are obtained, which are used to dye carpets and wines. Some types of wild pistachio are listed in the Red Book, are protected by various environmental organizations and are protected by law.

There are many products that help us feel more alert and more cheerful. One such product is pistachios. Popular rumor dubbed them "happy nut".

Pistachios are called nuts, but botanically they are seeds. The botanical name is Pistacia vera.

Small gray nuts in a hard shell, with a greenish core, have a unique taste, slightly oily. For many useful properties, pistachio is also called the “tree of life”.


How to choose f... Wood fis... Pistachio is good...

Where and how to grow

Pistachio, like its closest relative, is a resident of hot and even somewhat arid countries. So, these fruits are rich in areas of North-West Africa, almost all of Asia, Syria, Mesopotamia and in the north-eastern part of Iran. Also, these plants are found in Central America and Texas. Wild pistachio trees grow in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. These nuts are cultivated in Greece, Spain, Italy and Turkey. Just Turkey is considered the leader in world exports. In nature, the tree propagates by seeds and shoots; pistachios are artificially grown from cuttings.

The pistachio tree prefers calcium-rich soil. The tree actively uses this useful substance for growth. It grows small, only 4-6 meters, the crown of the tree - it is sometimes called a bush, dense and rather low. Flowers appear in April, and the fruits ripen in September-November.

Pistachio trees are known for their longevity, each can live up to 400 years. If you go to Samarkand, you will definitely be shown a pistachio tree that grows next to St. Daniel's Mazar, this tree is over 500 years old.

By the way, despite its commitment to warmth and light, this tree can withstand frosts down to -25 degrees. An interesting fact is that pistachios were manually harvested only at night. In sunlight, the leaves of the plant secrete essential oils, which are extremely toxic in large quantities. Of course, our century can boast of machines for any purpose, including for collecting nuts.

Useful properties of pistachios

Pistachio nuts have served man faithfully for more than 2.5 thousand years. They are valued in the East and all over the world as a product that has a tonic effect. These nuts are recommended for chronic fatigue.

Each small nut contains copper, manganese, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. In terms of vitamin B6 content, this product can compete even with beef liver, and only 30 nuts contain as much fiber as a whole serving of oatmeal. Due to the content of vitamin E, pistachio nuts have a rejuvenating effect on the body.

Pistachios are indicated for use by people who have problems with the heart and blood vessels. These nuts are also useful in diseases of the liver and respiratory tract. As an additional help, they are included in the diet of patients with hepatitis and anemia. In addition, they are recognized as an effective aphrodisiac.

Normally after harvest, the nuts are dried in the sun. It is worth noting that this processing method does not include the use of chemicals, so pistachios can be considered an environmentally friendly product. Dried nuts can be stored for quite a long time - at least a year.

Salted and roasted pistachios are also on sale. Such processing does not add any benefit to the nuts, but it helps to keep them even longer.

Pistachios bring undoubted benefits as human food, pistachio wood is widely used in carpentry. It is valued for its density and strength. Resin for the production of varnishes is also obtained from wood.

The leaves of this plant produce essential oils, which in reasonable amounts are quite useful. However, an overdose of them can cause dizziness. Also, galls are formed on pistachio leaves - peculiar swellings. They also do not disappear - the tannins contained in them are used for tanning leather, as well as in pharmaceuticals in the manufacture of medicines. Galls turned out to be indispensable in the paint and varnish industry and in the textile industry. And besides, the branches and leaves have found their use in florists - they are used for decoration.

Speaking about the dangers of these nuts, it is worth noting, first of all, their danger to allergy sufferers. Pistachios are a highly allergenic product; in allergic children, they can provoke anaphylactic shock. Their overdose, even in a healthy person, can cause dizziness and nausea.

Also, these nuts are harmful to people using an orthodontic appliance to correct dentoalveolar anomalies. People suffering from diseases associated with the gastrointestinal tract and kidneys should limit their consumption of pistachios or, depending on the degree of the disease, eliminate them from the diet.

Calories

The nutritional value of the pistachio nut is very high, as is the calorie content. In numbers, this is almost 560 calories per 100 grams of product, and the fat content in each seed is more than 50 percent.

If you decide to eat pistachios, then remember that when choosing these nuts, you need to pay attention to the color of the kernel - the richer the green color, the tastier the nuts. The shell should be slightly open. If the inner shell of the pistachio is red, this should alert.

This color appears when nuts are artificially colored to hide spots on the shell, and also when pistachios are roasted after soaking them in a marinade. Be sure to check that there is no mold on the nuts - the smell speaks best of this. And, of course, follow the measure.

Video: Pistachios: where and how...

Therefore, it is interesting to learn as much information about them as possible. Where pistachios grow, how they are grown, what benefits and harm they bring - we will consider the answers to these questions in this article.

Appearance of nuts

The fruit is an egg-shaped drupe, inside which is a greenish kernel with a resinous aroma. The length of the nut is approximately 25 mm, the inner skin is red, yellow or purple. In general, a pistachio is called a nut from a culinary point of view, and from a botanical point of view, it is a seed. When the fruit ripens, the shell makes a kind of click and opens.

If you look at pistachios (left photo), you can see that between the shells of each nut there is a crack resembling a smile. The Chinese gave this fruit a wonderful name - "laughing nut". Pistachios grow on trees that are respectfully called "trees of life" in the East. In Persia, these nuts are considered a symbol of wealth.

From the history of pistachios

The history of a wonderful and unusual nut goes back centuries. For thousands of years before our era, people used it for food. It is even mentioned in the Bible.

Pistachio trees were grown in the Hanging Gardens of Ancient Babylon. As early as 7 thousand years BC. e. pistachios grew in the Middle and Near East, in Central Asia.

Pistachios came to Europe thanks to the Romans in the 1st century BC. n. e. At present, answering the question of where pistachios grow, one can name such popular areas of their cultural cultivation as Iran, Greece, Italy, Turkey, Afghanistan, Syria, the USA, Central and Central Asia. Small plantings of pistachios are found in the Caucasus and Crimea. In some places wild trees grow.

Pistachio trees

It has long been known where pistachios grow in the wild. They prefer gray soils, mountain-steppe brown soils, rocky cliffs and slopes. The culture is very drought-resistant and photophilous. Basically, pistachio trees grow separately, but sometimes they form sparse forests.

A low deciduous tree often bushy or multi-stemmed. The trunk is usually curved and ribbed, the crown is dense and low. Pistachio trees have a peculiar root system, consisting of two tiers of roots that “work” in shifts. The roots of the upper tier consume moisture in spring and winter, and the lower tier - in summer and autumn. It is due to the fact that in nature the roots of pistachio trees close, and not the crowns, they do not form dense thickets.

The root system of the tree is very powerful and extensive. In depth, it can go 10-12 m, in width - up to 20-25 m. Pistachio trees are long-lived. Some of them are 400 years old or more. There are male and female trees. For fruiting, pollen from one male tree is enough for 8-12 pistachio females.

Growing pistachios

The best place to grow pistachios is California with its wonderful Mediterranean climate. They began to grow nuts industrially there at 1960s. Currently, this state has come out on the second place in the world (after Iran) in the production of "green almonds", as pistachio nuts are also called.

Trees begin to bear fruit after reaching the age of 4-5 years, but only by 10 years a tangible result is obtained. Maximum fruiting is achieved by about 20 years of age of the tree. Pistachios hang in tassels like grapes. Previously, when ripe, the harvest was done by hand. Now special machines shake nuts onto a special trap frame, after which they are loaded into containers.

It is interesting that, as before, the harvest takes place only at night. The reason lies in the essential oils secreted by the leaves of the pistachio tree under the rays of the sun. With prolonged exposure, they can cause nausea and dizziness. The pistachio tree, which takes about 5 years to grow before fruiting, yields about 23 kg of fruit per season by the age of 20.

Benefits of pistachios

Pistachio processing technology does not require any additional intervention. Nuts are completely ready to eat and may even be suitable for dietary nutrition. The exception is salted pistachios, which are first soaked in salt water, then dried.

According to nutritionists, of all types of nuts, pistachios have the lowest calorie content - only 550 calories per 100 g. It is enough to eat 10-15 nucleoli per day so that the body receives the right amount of vitamins, fiber and minerals. Pistachio nuts are especially useful for liver diseases. They normalize the working functions of this organ, clean the bile ducts from blockages.

The introduction of pistachios into the diet of people prone to heart disease helps to relieve heart palpitations and strengthens blood vessels. They are useful in respiratory diseases and tuberculosis. The composition is rich in vitamins of groups B, E, minerals, trace elements.

Highly nutritious pistachio nuts are excellent for restoring an exhausted body. They are especially useful for excessive mental and physical stress to relieve fatigue and get vivacity. It is believed that taking pistachios improves vision in the elderly, because these nuts contain carotenoids.

Pistachios are consumed raw, fried, salted. They are added to many culinary dishes - salads, seasonings, soups, confectionery, ice cream. Nutritionists advise to saturate the body with protein and dietary fiber to use a handful of pistachios in the morning and after dinner.

Harmfulness of pistachios

In addition to the undoubted benefits, in some cases one should be careful about taking these wonderful nuts. If consumed in excess, nausea and dizziness may occur. Allergy sufferers should consume pistachios in a minimal amount, because this is a highly allergenic product. Too salty nuts can increase blood pressure.

Finally, I would like to mention that pistachios and pistachio oil are actively used in cosmetology. They have softening, moisturizing and nourishing properties and become an integral part of body lotions, various creams, soaps, etc.

Many people like the taste of pistachios. This delicacy can not only be bought in stores, but also grown independently. The pistachio tree grows in hot countries, its planting and care are simple, you just need to have a warm temperature. It is difficult to grow it in Russia, but there are still some recommendations that will allow you to do this at home.

The pistachio tree has another name - green almond. It grows up to 30 feet tall, usually in poor, rocky soils. The plant is also found on slopes and in areas with cool winters, as it is able to tolerate frosts down to -20 degrees. And what a pistachio tree looks like, you can find out from the photo.

It can tolerate drought and does not require special care. Because of the beautiful leaves and reddish fruits, the plant is valued for ornamental purposes. In Central Asia, where pistachios grow, there are rocky slopes. That's where the trees grow. They have an unusual root system, therefore they are able to extract moisture from semi-desert and rocky areas. Because of this, thickets do not form.

How and where does it grow?

The pistachio tree was first mentioned in 7000 BC. e. The first copies were found in the Middle East, but they soon spread to Europe due to the simple care and original taste of the fruit.

Pistachios grow in the highlands of Asia. Artificially planted crops have taken root in Iran, Afghanistan, and Turkmenistan. Cultivation in our country is carried out in the Caucasian and Crimean mountains. Another culture is planted on plots as a decorative element.

A deciduous tree has medium-length dissected leaves (up to 20 cm), a branched trunk with a rough surface. The crown is low-set and dense. How does the pistachio tree bloom? Flowers are divided into male and female species. The former are presented in the form of wide panicles (5-6 cm), and the latter in the form of long inflorescences. Flowering occurs in March-April.

When does the pistachio tree bear fruit? The first fruits can be harvested at the end of September. They are presented in the form of a long seed with a hard shell, inside of which there is a soft core. Walnut may have a green or yellowish tint. It is edible, so a lot of pistachio oil is made from it, which is used in cooking, medicine, and cosmetology.

Fit features

Pistachios are difficult to accept in the garden. To get a spreading crown, hot, sunny and dry weather is required - summer. It is not easy for a culture to survive a long winter with low temperatures.

To grow a pistachio tree at home, you need sandy soil that maintains the required acidity - 7-7.8 pH. The best soil is rocky and salty. It is advisable to use top dressing, which must be alternated regularly.

Sprouting

Today, everyone can plant a crop on the site. It is allowed to grow and decorative view of the window. You just need to follow some rules. How to grow a pistachio tree? Germination required:

  • fresh drupe soaked in growth promoter;
  • should then be planted in sandy soil;
  • then irrigate abundantly;
  • at the end should be covered with lutrasil - a non-woven fabric that is used in the manufacture of greenhouses.

The emerging seedlings are fragile, so it takes a lot of effort to grow the crop. It is all the more difficult to establish which of them are “girls” and which are “boys”. But you can buy a stronger seedling in the nursery.

Growing from cuttings

With this method of cultivation, the crop bears fruit after 10-12 years, it all depends on the conditions. How to plant a pistachio tree with cuttings? To plant a seedling in the ground, you need to make a large hole. For several seedlings, it is preferable to make holes at a distance of at least 3 meters. Before this, you need to check the roots, cut off the damaged areas and sprinkle the sections with ash. Then landing is carried out, and then it is necessary to tamp and water.

Young crops do not need special care. In the summer, they should be watered every 2 weeks, and in the fall, watering is reduced. For the 2nd year, top dressing is required with the help of phosphorus, potash, nitrogen fertilizers. The soil around the plants should be clean, free of weeds.

Conditions and care

The pistachio tree does not require frequent watering and is drought tolerant. You can find out when watering is required by the dryness of the soil. If you want to get fruits from a crop, then you need to plant male and female seedlings nearby.

A fruit-bearing tree is also grown from a walnut, but from a natural one (collected from a tree and not treated with chemical components). Germination is carried out with the help of a fruit in which the seed is tightly closed. The first fruits should be expected in 6-8 years, and when planting a nut - 12-14.

  1. Growing should be carried out in a well-lit area, such as a balcony, and with a low level of humidity (using a dehumidifier).
  2. The plant needs high temperatures, so in winter you need to take it to a warm and bright room.
  3. Prepare a long flowerpot or pot and then fill in sandy, salty soil.
  4. In many cities of Russia it is difficult to buy seedlings, so tightly closed seeds are usually grown.
  5. Seeds should be planted in the soil to a depth of 4 cm. Planting should be done in groups to improve germination.
  6. Then moderate watering is required.

You can grow a culture at home, most importantly, follow the simple recommendations provided by experts. In addition, not only a tree will grow in this way, but also fruits.

Harvest

Usually it comes in September. Nuts must be dried in the sun, and then they are suitable for storage for 1 year. Often they are soaked in saline and fried.

The fruit should be harvested when the outer husk is weakening. They fall easily, you just need to shake the tree. The husk covers the pale green fruits, placed in a beige body. From one crop there can be approximately 25 kg of shelled nuts.

Roasted pistachios can be stored for several months if they are stored in an airtight container. And when frozen, the fruits are preserved for many years without loss of taste and minerals. Pistachios are the best nuts, around 80-90% fried and salted are used as an appetizer. Unroasted peeled fruits have a sweet taste and are used in culinary business.

Benefit

The product is of great value for human health.

  1. Nuts are indispensable for people with problems of the circulatory system. If you constantly use them in a small amount, you will be able to improve the condition of the circulatory system, as well as normalize cholesterol.
  2. Pistachios are the best helpers for liver problems. According to experts, a moderate amount of the product cleanses the bile ducts and eliminates attacks of hepatic colic.
  3. Nuts have a positive effect on the functioning of the intestines and improve digestion. They play an important role in the treatment of tuberculosis, since when they are taken, the heartbeat and breathing normalize.
  4. With constant intellectual stress and fatigue, you can use these healthy nuts. The fruits are a powerful aphrodisiac for men.
  5. The use of pistachios in cosmetology is known, since the oil from them has a rejuvenating, regenerating and nourishing effect on the skin. In addition, it protects the skin from ultraviolet radiation.

But there are also negative sides to pistachios. They are recognized as a strong allergen, so they can lead to anaphylactic shock, so it is important to eat the product carefully, especially if it is tried for the first time. It is advisable to eat a few nuts and control the reaction of the body. In addition, pistachios contain a lot of fat, and excessive consumption leads to excess weight.

There are facts that people don't know about.

  1. Trees have a long lifespan. On average, it is 500 years, but about 1/3 live to 800.
  2. Height can be between 5-7 meters.
  3. Mature nuts are harvested at night. The reason for this is the pungent smell of the leaves. It is believed that essential oil is unhealthy, it increases blood pressure.
  4. Nuts contain all the necessary vitamins for healthy teeth. The use of the product improves tooth enamel and strengthens the gums.
  5. The fruits have a tonic effect, as well as the ability to improve mood. The reason for this, scientists call the presence of essential oil, which in small quantities has a positive effect on humans.
  6. Nuts are expensive. Difficulties in growing at low yields, requirements for places of growth do not allow to obtain fruits in large quantities.
  7. There are no pistachio forests, because crops grow singly. It does not affect pollination. One male tree can pollinate many female ones.

Thus, growing a pistachio tree at home is noticeably more complicated, but still possible. The recommendations of experts make it possible to do everything right.

a brief description of trees and their fruits

Nutritionists say that one of the best options for snacking will be various dried fruits and nuts. Such foods are quite nutritious and contain a huge amount of various nutrients. And one of the most famous and beloved nuts is pistachios. But lovers of such food most often do not even know about its origin. Let's talk about how and where, in which country do pistachios grow?

The homeland of pistachios is in Asia, most often they grow in Iraq and Iran. It is these countries that are the most famous suppliers of such nuts.

The pistachio itself is a small tree that loves light very much and thrives on soils rich in calcium. Such trees belong to the sumac family and are deciduous and evergreen. They are common in Asia, as well as in the northwestern territory of Africa. This genus includes about twenty different varieties. Pistachio is a drought-resistant tree, it can tolerate a very strong drop in temperature - up to minus twenty-five degrees.

Pistachio trees usually grow separately from each other. So it is almost impossible to meet such a landing or woods. Trees have a multi-stemmed structure and have a dense and at the same time low crown. The roots of pistachios are located on a two-tiered principle. They can stretch up to forty meters to the sides and up to fifteen meters deep. This feature allows the tree to easily gain a foothold on mountain slopes and various cliffs - pistachios love such places especially strongly.

The bark of such a tree is quite thick, it has numerous cracks, it is painted in ashen colors. Young branches are covered with a wax coating, it is also visible on the leaves. The flowers of the tree are unisexual, in other words, female trees and male trees are found separately. One male tree can fertilize about a dozen female ones.

Flowers on pistachios appear around April, and they begin to bear fruit by September. The flowers of the tree are painted in red-yellow tones and look rather small. From them clusters of fruits develop, which in their structure are very similar to bunches of grapes. The fruits are drupes and can reach a length of up to twenty-five millimeters. During ripening, the top layer of the shell cracks a little, which leads to the exposure of the pistachio kernel. This phenomenon is accompanied by a rather noticeable click and crackle. The nucleolus is oily and greenish in color. It has an amazing aroma and taste and is characterized by a mass of unique useful qualities, due to which it is actively used in various fields - cosmetology, medicine, and also cooking.

If the pistachio grows in the right area, the tree can reach five meters in height. And the life expectancy of such a tree reaches four hundred years. Plants begin to bear fruit only ten years after planting, and they reach their maximum yield by the age of twenty.

Is it possible to grow a pistachio tree by yourself?

Many people seriously want to grow real pistachios in their garden and wonder how realistic it is. Under natural conditions, such trees propagate by seeds or young shoots, and when cultivated, cuttings are usually used.

If you want a fruitful financial tree, then in any case you will have to plant a couple of trees of different sexes. However, it is far from a fact that the resulting fruits will actually be edible. In addition, it should be borne in mind that it is very difficult to grow pistachios in the Russian climate, because they can only feel normal in the subtropics. In our country, pistachios can sometimes be found in the Caucasus, but it is simply impossible to consume them for food. All those varieties of such nuts that are sold in our stores are brought from the countries already mentioned above with suitable conditions for the growth of pistachio trees.

What is so special about pistachios?

Pistachios, like all nuts that exist in nature, can bring many benefits to the body. They help to cope with many ailments, prevent their development and eliminate hypovitaminosis and lack of vitamins or minerals.

Each small nut is a significant source of copper, manganese, phosphorus, potassium and magnesium. It is especially rich in vitamin B6, a lot of healthy protein and fiber. A significant amount of tocopherol in pistachios supports the health of the cardiovascular and reproductive systems, and also rejuvenates the body.

Pistachios should be eaten for diseases of the heart and blood vessels, problems with the liver and respiratory tract. They help patients with anemia and hepatitis, as well as metabolic disorders. Also, such a product is an excellent aphrodisiac, especially for men.

Roasted and salted pistachios are commonly found on the market, but these nuts are not very useful. It is better to give preference to the usual dried product.

Particular attention can be paid to the essential oil of pistachio, which is extracted from the leaves. It is actively used in cosmetology, in cooking and for therapeutic purposes.

Thus, the pistachio is an amazing tree with very tasty and healthy fruits. But, unfortunately, it is almost impossible to grow it in our country.

Pistachio trees are one of the oldest flowering plants on earth. Presumably the birthplace of this tree is Iran.

Pistachios grow on trees

Habitat

The Middle East and Central Asia are considered to be the birthplace of these nuts, because in these countries, pistachios were cultivated on for many centuries. There are not only cultivated species, but also wild, widespread in subtropical climatic zones. Rarely, pistachio trees can be found in the arid climate of Africa, California, Mexico, Central Asia, and they are extremely rare in northern China.

Pistachio has been cultivated on an industrial scale since the middle of the 20th century in Turkey, Spain, Syria.

In addition to the conditions of constant drought and high temperatures, pistachio easily withstands low temperatures, hence the wide geography of the plant.

Pistachios can be wild and cultivated

Description

How pistachios grow: this is a highly branched plant with strong branches, growing up to 6 m high. It has a dense, beautiful crown resembling a ball. An adult specimen can be less than 1 m tall, as it grows very slowly.

The crown can be evergreen or fall off at certain times of the year.

Pistachio forests practically do not exist, the plant is most often found singly.

Depending on the area, the leaves of the pistachio tree also differ: they can be either a bright green color of a simple type, or a dark green color of a pinnate or trifoliate form.

Pistachio fruit

Pistachio fruit is a drupe. They are located on a tree in the form of large clusters. Pistachios are harvested only when they begin to crack and open the top layer of the shell. Pistachios are small nuts covered with a dense shell. They contain a large amount of vitamin B6, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus and copper, iron and various organic amino acids. Nutrients and trace elements contained in pistachios are perfectly accepted by the human body, as they are contained in easily digestible forms.

Features

Pistachio trees have a number of features:

  1. They are centenarians, often living over 600 years, but it is rare to find specimens that are over 800 years old.
  2. Flowering from March to April. The flowers are red-yellow, reach a length of 7 cm.
  3. Dioecious plant, so the bushes are both male and female. The fruits ripen from September to November.
  4. The fruits contain essential oils and other beneficial trace elements. They help maintain vitality and release endorphins. They help to strengthen the bones of the body and remove cholesterol.
  5. As soon as the nut matures, it becomes a light beige color.
  6. The roots of the tree are very strong and long, which allows the tree to grow on steep slopes and cliffs.

Previously, pistachios were harvested at night, because the leaves emit essential oils that are hazardous to health, from which a person can become ill and may show signs of suffocation. Now the process is fully automated, which allows harvesting without harm to human health.

Pistachio flowers are red-yellow in color

Cultivation

How pistachios grow in modern conditions: they are grown so that male and female individuals are nearby, so pollination is more efficient.

One male can pollinate up to ten female trees.

Although pistachio trees are propagated by cuttings, this does not mean that pistachios cannot be grown from seeds. In most countries, seed is used for cultivation. In order for plants to take root, it is necessary to enrich the soil with calcium.

Pistachio trees grow very slowly and begin to bear fruit at 8 years of age if cuttings are used as planting material and at 12 years of age if seeds are used for planting.

The root system of the plant consists of 2 tiers, and during the first 10 years of life the tree actively increases its root potential. Due to the first tier, the plant feeds during the active growing season, the second tier of roots helps the pistachio to receive nutrients from the deep layers of the soil in winter. Cultivated pistachio trees give the greatest harvest in the twentieth year of life, regardless of what material was used when planting.

Most people have no idea how pistachios grow, although for many they are a favorite delicacy. These medium-sized nuts are not only tasty, but also very healthy. This graceful plant belongs to the sumach genus and has about a dozen species that differ in habitat, stem height, leaf shape, fruit size and taste. Where do pistachios grow?

Habitat

In the wild, this plant is distributed in the subtropical and tropical regions of Eurasia and Central America. The birthplace of pistachios is the Middle East and Central Asia. This is where they have been cultivated for many centuries since ancient times. In the Mediterranean countries, mastic pistachio (Pistacia lentiscus L.) and turpentine pistachio grow. In the north and northwest of Africa, the real pistachio is found throughout Asia, two species of this plant can be found in California and Mexico. Wild pistachio trees grow in Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Chinese pistachio grows in the north of China. These trees in some places reach a height of 15 m and have trunks up to 1 m in diameter. Currently, various varieties of artificially cultivated pistachios have been bred. In industrial quantities for export, these nuts are grown in Greece, Spain, Italy, Iran, Syria, Afghanistan and Turkey.

This small tree prefers sierozem or brown mountain-steppe soils. In the wild, it often grows on cliffs, slopes and other hard-to-reach places. Needs plenty of sunlight and a fairly high average annual temperature. Easily tolerates lack of moisture. A necessary condition for good vegetation is an excess of calcium in the soil. This plant is unpretentious, adapted to sudden changes in temperature, can withstand drops to -25 ° C.

What a pistachio tree looks like

The true pistachio is a small, multi-stemmed tree up to 6 m tall. The crown is very dense, spherical. Often a pistachio tree looks like a shrub. Grows very slowly. A twenty-year-old plant can be only 1 m high. Depending on climatic conditions and places of growth, the plant is evergreen or deciduous. Most often you can find a single plant. In some places sparse pistachio forests are formed. It is an integral component of the Mediterranean maquis.

Beautiful bright green leaves, simple in some species, trifoliate or pinnate in others, entire, covered with a waxy coating. The bark of the trunks is ash-gray, rather thick, in young shoots it is maroon in color, just like the leaves, it is covered with a wax coating. Leaves at high temperatures intensively secrete essential oils, prolonged inhalation of which can lead to dizziness, nausea, and even loss of consciousness. Therefore, pistachios were previously harvested by hand only in the early morning. Currently, the collection of pistachios is automated.

The root system is two-tiered. The upper layer of roots extends 30-40 m away from the main trunk and performs the function of absorbing surface moisture. The lower tier goes into the ground to a depth of 12-15 m and is able to absorb deep groundwater. Such a root system protects the plant from drought and allows it to survive on dry, rocky, crumbling slopes. Therefore, pistachio is often planted to fix landslide slopes.

Depending on the ambient temperature, this plant starts flowering in April, with warm spring in March. Pistachio flowers are small, inconspicuous greenish in color, collected in panicle inflorescences. Pistachios are dioecious, meaning they have same-sex flowers. Female pistillate flowers, from which fruits are formed after pollination, are larger, three- or four-parted, collected in wide panicles. Male staminate flowers are smaller, five-parted, with five stamens, collected in rarer panicles. Pollination occurs by insects or wind. In natural habitats, pistachio trees with male flowers range from 39up to 47% of all. In cultural plantings, male plants make up no more than 10% of all trees. This is quite enough before the pollination of fruit-bearing female plants.

The fruits are one-seeded dry drupes. When ripe, the skin covering the seed turns red. The pulp of the seed is light green in color. It is believed that the brighter the color of the seed, the tastier and healthier it is. Pistachios begin to bear fruit after 8-10 years of life. The most abundant fruiting begins at 15 years. The fruits ripen from July to October. Ripe fruits crack slightly with a characteristic click. Gather nuts in September-October.

This small tree is long-lived. The average lifespan of a pistachio is 400 years. Trees are known to live up to 700 years.

Benefits

Pistachios have been cultivated for over 2,000 years. In ancient Persia, these small nuts were considered a symbol of wealth. This plant from Asia came to Greece and Italy back in the days of the Roman Empire. Pistachios are also mentioned in the Bible. These nuts are valued for their delicate creamy taste, nutritional value and beneficial properties.

Pistachios are widely used in the confectionery industry. They are added to chocolate, ice cream, cakes, sweets and other sweets. It is a traditional component of some national dishes in Central Asia.

Pistachio fruits contain up to 65% vegetable oil, up to 25% protein, up to 7% carbohydrates, vitamins A, E and B1. Eating them alleviates the condition in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract and tuberculosis. Vegetable oil, which is part of the fruit, has a mild choleretic property and is used in the treatment of cholecystitis and hepatitis. Regular introduction of a small amount of pistachios into the diet helps to lower cholesterol and thus has a beneficial effect on the state of the cardiovascular system. Due to the content of vitamins A and E, pistachios have a rejuvenating effect on the body and reduce the effects of stress. It is believed that these nuts have aphrodisiac properties.

What is the plant used for?

In folk medicine, nuts and pistachio oil are used in the treatment of various pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, stomach and duodenal ulcers, anemia, lung diseases, eczema and other weeping ulcers. In modern pharmaceuticals, pistachio tree resin is used in the production of ointments for burns, skin cracks and bedsores.

Pistachio oil, obtained from the fruit, is widely used in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. Thanks to its antioxidant, softening and nourishing properties, it has a beneficial effect on the skin and is included in many cosmetic preparations. Regular rubbing pistachio oil into the scalp strengthens the hair and accelerates its growth. Creams with this oil have a lifting and whitening effect, so their use allows you to get rid of fine wrinkles and age spots.

Bright low bushes of pistachio have a very decorative appearance, so in the Mediterranean countries they are often used for landscaping streets and parks. Dense and durable wood has been used in carpentry since ancient times. It is used for inlaid furniture and the manufacture of expensive wear-resistant parquet. In addition, first-class charcoal is obtained from it.

The well-known frankincense used in religious Christian rites is obtained from dried pistachio resin. When burned, this resin not only aromatizes, but also disinfects the air in the room, thanks to its antiseptic properties. Mixed with honey and vegetable oil, the resin of this plant is applied to infected, difficult to heal ulcers. The resin of the pistachio tree is used in the production of alcohol and artistic varnishes. Chewing pistachio gum eliminates bad breath, cleans teeth and strengthens gums.

Leaves and galls (cone-like outgrowths on leaves) are rich in tannins and tannins. They are used to make extracts used for tanning leather. From the leaves, strong dyes are obtained, which are used to dye carpets and wines. Some types of wild pistachio are listed in the Red Book, are protected by various environmental organizations and are protected by law.

Almost all people love pistachio nuts for their great taste. Therefore, gardeners have an interest in this culture. By the way, it is believed that the pistachio tree itself can harm a person. Its essential oils, when inhaled for a long time, cause headaches and even fainting. Therefore, the harvest from the trees is harvested at night.

Pistachio trees don't like being around. When growing alone, they can reach 5 m in height. This tree lives a lot - more than 400 years. By the way, it is no coincidence that pistachios are so expensive: in our country, they are intensively destroyed by goats, which are grazed in the mountains and plains.

On the other hand, growing pistachios does not require special knowledge and skills. Everything is pretty standard. No wonder they grow in the wild without human intervention at all. Pistachios begin to bloom in early April, therefore they do not grow and do not bear fruit until the Krasnodar Territory. Even in the South of our country, they often freeze slightly. So planting pistachios in Rostov or Volgograd is a waste of time. Pistachios feel best in the Crimea and the Caucasus.

Maybe this is not bad, because pistachios begin to bear fruit only in the ninth year, and a normal harvest is obtained only after 20 years of the tree's life. But they tolerate drought well, they can not even be watered. However, before planting pistachios, you need to decide whether you have the patience to wait for the harvest.

Do not forget that you need at least two different-sex trees to get a harvest. Usually ten female trees are planted per male tree. If the growth and development of trees can still be accelerated by digging the earth, applying manure, watering, then pollination is simply a disaster, since it is almost impossible to distinguish male plants from female plants before flowering.

Before enjoying nuts, one must remember that pistachios are a very high-calorie product, already 10-15 nuts contain the amount of vitamins and microelements necessary for a person. They also have a lot of fiber. It is believed that pistachios are a strong aphrodisiac.

When planting pistachios, one must be aware that this process, although not troublesome, is long, and given our unpredictable climate, it is also quite risky.

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It is rather difficult to find a person who could not appreciate the unique taste of pistachios. But not every one of us thought about where and how they grow and what their appearance is.

In our article, we invite you to get acquainted with the wonderful world of the pistachio tree. Where and how do they grow, what conditions are necessary for their successful cultivation? So, let's begin.

From the history of the pistachio tree

This fruit has been known to man since ancient times, according to sources, people began to use them for food and medicinal purposes more than 2.5 thousand years ago. Let's try to answer the question where they grow.

Their homeland is Western Asia, the possessions of this tree stretched from Syria to Afghanistan. In these countries, it was revered in a special way, it was considered a symbol of wealth and youth, and sometimes even used as a currency. But in the modern world, culture has spread far beyond Western Asia.

Today it can be found in the vastness of America, which can be second only to Iran, it is considered the largest leader in the sale of pistachios. Do not be surprised if during your travel you can meet this tree in countries such as Greece, Spain, Africa. Australia. Where pistachios grow, the people of Turkey know firsthand, as it is one of the world leaders in the supply of pistachios to the market.

Pistachio culture has not bypassed the expanses of Russia. For the first time, an exotic tree came to the territory of Crimea back in the distant 18th century. About three dozen trees were planted, the exotic plant took root perfectly, but their fruits were unsuitable for consumption.

These are rather specific trees. Due to their peculiarity of the root system (they have a two-tier one), they cannot form a dense grove, so they grow in a rare light forest. Other types of trees also shun their neighborhood.

Pistachio trees are long-lived by nature; under favorable conditions, the life span of a tree can be from 800 to 1 thousand years. During their long life, pistachios can grow up to 2.5-10 meters. And the thickness of its trunk at the same time can be from 1 to 2 meters.

Their uniqueness lies in the fact that it calmly endures both the desert climate and severe frosts. Cases have been recorded when pistachio trees withstood up to minus 30 degrees.

Pistachios start flowering in early spring at the beginning of March, but may start flowering later, in April. The pistachio flower is yellow with a slight red tint. The size of the flower petals can vary from 5 to 7 cm. Pistachio inflorescences can be divided into female (in their shape they are elongated with sharp ends) and male, they have a more porous shape. An important point in growing pistachio trees is that in order to get a good harvest, both female and male trees must be present on the plantations.

Peculiarities of harvesting pistachios

Harvesting of pistachios occurs at the beginning of September and can last until the end of November. The fruit of the pistachio tree is a 2-3 cm long nut.

An interesting fact is that these nuts are harvested at night , this is due to the fact that the leaves of the pistachio tree, under the influence of direct sunlight, release an essential oil, which adversely affects human health. Especially dangerous is the effect of pistachio essential oil on people with vegetovascular dystonia and hypertension.

At the end of the harvest, the nuts are thoroughly dried in the sun , after which their shelf life is no more than one year. Another option is to soak them in a saline solution, and then fry them .

Why are pistachios useful and dangerous for humans?

Benefits

As for the disadvantages and dangers of pistachios, of course they are present. First of all, they are a very powerful allergen and can even cause anaphylactic shock, so be very careful when you first try this product. It is better to start by eating a couple of nuts and follow the reaction of your body. Do not forget that according to its composition, pistachios rich in fat and their excessive use can lead to extra pounds and centimeters.

How to grow a tree at home

Many gardeners are interested in the question of whether it is possible to grow such a tree at home. Yes, you can, but it is a rather complicated and painstaking process. Unfortunately, not always, and to be precise, very rarely, the fruits of such a homemade nut can be eaten. Pistachios need special conditions, but mild and gentle climate conditions are still important. And if your goal is not just a decorative function of this tree, but getting fruits, then you just need to plant two trees at the same time. Because in order to get a harvest, there must be both male and female trees.

This tree is propagated by seeds, cuttings and young shoots . It is also important that if you live in Russia, you must understand that pistachio fruits grown on its territory are simply unsuitable for human consumption. The fruits of pistachios grown in Russia can only be used to make butter.

But for those who nevertheless decided to grow such a tree, we will give some useful tips on growing it.