How tall does fig trees grow
Home & Garden Information Center
When it comes to growing homegrown fruit, nothing could be easier than figs. Cultivated for thousands of years, figs have few demands on their caregivers. There are about 470 varieties of common figs — the ones we grow in the southeast. Their delectable fruit can be eaten fresh, preserved, or used in cakes and desserts like ice cream.
Figs should be sited in a well-drained location in full sun.
Barbara H. Smith, ©2012 HGIC, Clemson Extension
Figs should be sited in a well-drained location in full sun. They can grow into large trees or shrubs from 15 to 30 ft tall, but severe pruning can restrict them to a manageable height because they tend to grow wider than taller. Figs can be cultivated as edible shade trees, summertime screens, and espaliered or container-grown specimens. They do well in most parts of South Carolina except in the mountains.
Site & Soil Requirements
Figs will grow in many types of soils, but they need a site free of root-knot nematodes. In the colder areas of the state, the ideal site would be the south side of a building. Cold injury can be further reduced if the fig does not receive direct sunlight early in the morning or late in the evening during the winter months. However, the site should receive a minimum of 8 hours of sunlight daily during the growing season.
Purchasing or Propagating Your Own
Fig trees from nurseries may be sold bare-rooted or in containers. Since considerable confusion exists about fig variety names, order fig plants only from reputable southeastern nurseries. Never purchase or attempt to grow the kinds of figs grown in California. They require pollination by a tiny wasp that cannot survive under South Carolina’s climatic conditions. The only kinds recommended in South Carolina are the common types that produce only female flowers and set fruit without cross- pollination. See Table 1 for a list of suitable fig varieties for South Carolina.
Fig trees are easy to propagate and a home planting can be started at very little expense. The simplest and easiest method of propagating figs is by digging up and transplanting suckers. Alternatively, take 8- to 10-inch long cuttings of one-year-old wood in early spring. Set the cuttings in a prepared bed so one or two buds on the tip are above the ground. Let them grow for a season before transplanting them. These cuttings root early, grow rapidly, and make good trees for permanent planting in the fall.
Figs may also be propagated by mound layering. Root suckers emerging from below-ground can be separated from the parent bush and transplanted.
Soil Preparation & Planting
Soil preparation should always include a preplant soil test. Adjust the pH and any other requirements based on the results of the test.
Plant fig trees while they are dormant. In warm areas, bare-rooted trees can be set out in fall or early winter. In the mountains and piedmont, it is best to set them out in spring after the danger of hard winter freezes has passed. Container-grown plants can be planted later in the season than bare-root plants.
Figs require little pruning — just enough to keep growth within bounds, to keep the crown open to sunlight and air, and to remove dead wood. Pruning should be done during the winter months, preferably after the coldest weather is past but before growth starts in the spring.
Most fig cultivars bear two crops a year: a light one in early summer borne on previous season’s wood and the second crop in mid- or late summer borne on current season’s wood.
Though fig plants can be trained to either a tree or a bush form, the tree form is not practical for the piedmont. In this region, fig plants are occasionally frozen back, making the tree form difficult to maintain.
Begin training to bush form at time of planting by cutting off one-third of the young plant. This forces shoots to grow from the base of the plant. Let these shoots grow through the first season. Then, during the late winter after the first growing season, select three to eight vigorous, widely spaced shoots to serve as leaders. Remove all other shoots.
Be sure the leaders are far enough apart to grow to 3 to 4 inches in diameter without crowding each other. If they are too close together, the leaders cannot grow thick enough to support themselves and their crop and tend to fall over or split off under stress of high winds. If this happens, remove the damaged leader and select a new one late the next winter by choosing one of the many suckers that arise annually.
Beginning the second year after planting, if more branching is desired, head back the bush each spring after danger of frost is past but before growth has started. Do this by removing about one-third to one-half the length of the annual growth.
Also, prune out all dead wood, and remove branches that interfere with growth of the leaders. Cut off low-growing lateral branches and all sucker growth that is not needed for replacement of broken leaders.
Do not leave bare, unproductive stubs when you prune. These stubs are entry points for wood decay organisms. Make all pruning cuts back to a bud or branch.
Fertilization & Watering – Sandhills & Coastal Plain
Fertilizing: Fig trees grow satisfactorily in moderately fertile soils without fertilizer. However, fertilizer is needed in soils of very low fertility or where competition from other plants is heavy.
Though nitrogen is usually the only needed plant nutrient, other nutrients may be lacking in some areas. If poor growth indicates the need for fertilizer, follow these general guidelines:
- Use a fertilizer with an analysis of 8-8-8 or 10-10-10.
- For feeding plants one- to two-years-old, apply 1 oz of fertilizer each month from the beginning of growth through the end of July.
- Apply fertilizer to larger plants three times a year: early April, early June, and mid-July.
- Use ⅓ lb per ft of bush height per application. If the fruit are not reaching maturity and ripening properly, excess fertilizer or drought may be the problem and fertilization should be reduced. Increase the amount of fertilizer as the tree grows, up to 10 lb per year.
Watering: For highest yields, figs need watering throughout the summer. The frequency and the amount of water depends to a large extent on the soil. As a rule of thumb, 1 inch of water per week from rain or irrigation is adequate. Yellowing and dropping of leaves may indicate drought.
In lawns, the grass beneath fig plants may wilt in the heat while the rest of the lawn does not. This indicates the figs need water. Figs grown with lawn grasses may require one or more waterings a week during hot, dry periods.
Fertilizing & Watering – Mountains & Piedmont
Winter injury in figs is directly related to the amount of vigor. A vigorous, fast-growing plant is easily killed by low winter temperatures in the piedmont. If figs are frequently cold-damaged in your area, reduce the fertilization recommendations by one-half. If you are attempting to grow figs near the mountains, no fertilizer should be applied to make the plants as cold hardy as possible.
For plants one to two years old, apply ⅓ lb 10-10-10 fertilizer each month from the beginning of growth through the end of July. For a bush 12 to 15 ft tall, apply 4 lbs 10-10-10 in mid April, early June, and mid-July. For plants less than 12 ft in height, use about 1 lb 10-10-10 for each foot of height and split into three applications as given above. If the fruit are not reaching maturity and ripening properly, excess fertilizer or drought may be the problem and fertilization should be reduced.
Fruit Drop or Absence of Fruiting
A number of conditions may cause the fruit not to ripen or to drop prematurely. The following list of most common reasons is presented in order of importance:
- Young, vigorous plants will often produce figs that do not ripen. If the plants are excessively vigorous, stop fertilizing them. Quite often, it may be 3 or 4 years before the plant matures a crop because most figs have a long juvenile period before producing edible, quality fruit.
- Dry, hot periods, which may occur prior to ripening can result in poor fruit quality. If this is the case, mulching and supplemental watering during dry spells will reduce the problem.
- The ‘Celeste’ variety will often drop fruit prematurely in hot weather, regardless of how well the plants are cared for. However, it is still one of the best varieties for the lower part of the state. ‘Celeste’ is best for the piedmont because of its cold hardiness.
- An infestation of root-knot nematodes can possibly intensify the problem when conditions are as described in #2 and/or #3 above.
- Perhaps this particular fig requires cross-pollination by a special wasp, which is a rare problem. If this is the case, then it will never set a good crop. One way to resolve this is to replace the plant with a recommended variety from Table 1. Alternatively, propagate a shoot from a neighbor’s plant that produces a good crop each year.
Root-knot nematodes are the primary pest of fig trees in the sandhills and coastal plain. An on-the-spot diagnosis of root-knot infection is possible. Dig up a few roots and look for the characteristic galling or swelling caused by the nematode. There is no other similar problem in figs.
Root-knot Nematode: Infected fig trees cannot be cured with chemical treatment. Pruning back the top to balance it with the weakened root system and attentive watering and fertilization may prolong the life of a root-knot infected fig tree. Usually, however, they will die sooner or later regardless of the care they receive.
When planting a new fig tree, select a site as far as possible from any old garden sites. Take a nematode sample in this site. If root-knot nematodes are present, do not plant figs.
Fig Rust: This fungus attacks the leaves, usually in late summer. Severely infected leaves turn yellow-brown and drop. The underside of the fallen leaves will have numerous small, somewhat raised, reddish brown spots. These spots are often covered with a dusty golden-yellow mass of rust spores.
Fig rust is usually not fatal, but repeated epidemics will weaken the plant. In any given year, heavy leaf drop from rust will reduce size and quality of the fruit. Unless fig rust is an annual problem, spraying is not warranted.
Fig Fruit Souring: This is caused by yeasts that are spread by insects. Souring becomes noticeable as the figs begin to ripen. A souring fig will often show gas bubbles and/or scummy masses oozing from the eye. These figs will give off an offensive fermented odor. Souring cannot be controlled with chemical sprays. The only control is to grow fig cultivars that have a tight or closed eye that prevents insects from entering the fig fruit.
Pink Blight: This is a fungus that appears as a dirty-white to pale pink velvety growth on dying and dead twigs. It usually occurs in the interior of the tree. Prune out infected branches and prune the tree to allow good air movement within the tree.
Leaf Blight (Thread Blight): This is a fungal disease that attacks leaves and fruit. Infection may start as a semicircular brown spot at the base of the leaf. Some leaves shrivel and die while others may be covered with brown spots that break out to leave irregular holes. During hot, wet weather, leaves can die and drop very quickly. Dead leaves are often matted together and held to the tree by threadlike strands similar to spider webs.
Table 1. Recommended Fig Varieties for South Carolina
|Variety||Fruit Color||Fruit Size||Quality of Fruit|
|For Fresh Use||For Preserving|
|Alma||Greenish brown||Small||Very good||Good|
|Celeste||Light brown to violet||Small||Very Good||Excellent|
|Ischia green||Bright green||Medium||Good||Good (seeds objectionable)|
|Hunt||Dull bronze with specks||Small to medium||Good||Excellent|
|Kadota||Bright greenish yellow||Small to medium||Fair||Excellent|
|LSU Purple||Reddish to dark purple||Medium||Variable||Unacceptable*|
|Magnolia||Bronze with white flecks||Medium with specks||Fair||Excellent|
|* “Although it tastes fine, the black-colored syrup may be unacceptable. Add lemon juice to the packing syrup to reduce the pH.” Paul Wilson, Ph.D., Food Processing Specialist, Horticulture Department, LSU, Baton Rouge, LA.|
Other cultivars that should be considered for landscape or container gardens are in the following Table 2. (excerpted with permission from W. H. Outlaw Jr. and N. N. Outlaw, 2001). These figs were exposed to 15 oF in January 1999 and damage and plant size were assessed in midsummer 1999. Fruiting was evaluated in 1999 and 2000. Only the five high-yielding cultivars are presented.
Table 2. Other Cultivars That Should be Considered for Landscape or Container Gardens
|Cultivar||Plant Size1 |
Diameter (in) /Height (ft)
|Description of Cold Damage2||Fruit3 |
|Excel||2/3.5||Dieback to 7. 5in.||++/+|
|Jelly||2/3.5||Bark damage to 1 in.||++/+|
|LSU Gold||2/4.8||Tip dieback; unthrifty||+/++|
|Verdal Longue||1/4||No damage||++/++|
|Violette de Bordeaux||1/2.7||Dieback to soil||0/++|
|1Diameter was measured 4 in. above soil level. Height measured from soil level to the tip of the longest shoot. |
2Dimensions refer to shoot diameter larger than which no cold damage was observed.
3+ = some fruit; ++ = much fruit.
Source: “Experiment: Twenty potted fig cultivars on the Gulf Coast of the southern U.S.” by William H. Outlaw Jr. and Nedra N. Outlaw, The Fruit Gardener, California Rare Fruit Growers, Inc., July/August 2001, pp. 15-16.
Originally published 10/12
If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at [email protected] edu or 1-888-656-9988.
Growing Fig Trees in Containers
Why should your fig trees struggle with harsh winter weather? Grow fig trees in containers! See our how-to guide for fig trees on wheels.
Fresh figs are some of the tastiest and easiest fruits you can grow, and fig trees are incredibly attractive with their uniquely shaped green foliage even when they trees aren't fruiting. Fig trees, when compared to other fruit trees, have one of the shortest wait times before you should expect fruit: usually 1-2 years after planting. However, even with all the perks, fig trees have a reputation in northern gardens (zone 6 and colder) for not being winter-hardy enough to try.
Fortunately, you don't have to struggle and fight with the harsh winter weather when you grow fig trees in containers.
We offer varieties like the Brown Turkey Fig and Chicago Hardy Fig here at Stark Bro’s – fig trees perfectly suitable for container growing. The young trees are shipped in our temporary 4"x4"x10" Stark® EZ Start® pots, and these trees are ready for planting in containers as soon as they arrive. That way, when the nights start getting cold and frost becomes a threat, you can simply move your container-grown fig tree into an unheated area indoors, like a basement, garage, shed, etc.
Planting Fig Trees in Containers
Find the right container:
- The container you use can be made of any material (wood, clay, ceramic, recycled materials, etc.) just be sure there are plenty of drainage holes to let excess water escape.
- Try to avoid heavy decorative pots, since they may be difficult to move once they are filled with soil, water, and a fig tree.
- Don't waste space! Start small and move up to a larger container size as the tree roots fill the current container. For example, you may start out with a 5- or 7-gallon container and move up to a 10-gallon container when the tree's roots fill the previous container size.
- Your tree may eventually end up growing in a container as large as 2.5 feet in diameter, like a half whiskey-barrel, but these are heavy and difficult to move, so make sure you can manage the container size you choose to plant your fig tree in.
For a unique growing experience:
Consider a container on wheels for your mobile convenience! Before putting the tree into the container, place the container on a wheeled plant stand, which can be purchased at almost any garden center, hardware store, or nursery. This will make your life a whole lot easier when you get ready to move the container around for the winter season.
After planting your fig tree in its container, water it well, then add a layer of mulch. The mulch will keep the soil from drying out too quickly. Put the fig tree in a sunny spot in your yard, and keep well watered. During hot summer weather, your fig tree may need more frequent watering, possibly even daily. Observe and respond accordingly to your tree's environment. Note: If your tree's leaves begin to yellow, chances are it is being over-watered.
Pruning your fig tree. Unlike most other fruit trees, fig trees typically don't require routine pruning, but you can prune them to a size that works for your space. Depending on the variety, fig trees naturally mature around 10- to 15-feet tall or larger! Many fig-tree growers find that keeping them between 6-8 feet tall is most manageable, especially in a container environment. Some fig trees have a natural bush-like appearance if allowed to grow naturally. If your fig tree has more of a "bushy" shape and you'd prefer one main trunk, you can prune the additional low growth out until you are left with one main trunk.
In autumn, when the leaves start to turn and fall (ideally before the first killing frost), it is time to move the fig tree to an unheated basement, garage, or shed where the fig tree will go dormant. Check occasionally during the dormant period for soil moisture. Be sure to allow the soil to become dry to the touch 2-3 inches below the soil surface before watering. Dormant roots don't take in much water, but the moist soil keeps the roots from drying out. Avoid drenching or overwatering your dormant fig trees; this will avoid root rot and other water-related issues.
As warmer weather approaches and the days get longer, move the fig tree out to the yard for a few hours every day. This will help acclimate it back to its favored warm weather. Take it back indoors in the evenings. When the last frost date has passed for your area, move the fig tree back to a sunny spot outdoors. In no time, your healthy, vigorous tree will produce sweet and luscious fresh figs for your snacking, cooking, and drying pleasure.
Read about growing other fruit trees in containers here!
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Fig tree: characteristics, advantages and disadvantages and more
Image - Wikimedia / H. Zell
Fig tree, scientifically known as Ficus Carica This is a deciduous tree that produces delicious fruits with a delicious sweet aroma. But despite this, we should think carefully about whether we are really interested in having one in the garden because it has some features that we might not really like.
For this reason, we will tell you what are the advantages and disadvantages of the fig tree in the garden. So it will be much easier for you to decide 🙂.
- 1 What does a banyan tree look like?
- 1.1 How old is the fig tree?
- 2 What are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a house in the garden?
- 2.1 advantage
- 2.2 disadvantage
- 3 Fig tree care
What does a banyan tree look like?
Image - Wikimedia / Juan Emilio Prades Bel
To know if a fig tree is really a good tree for a garden, it is important to know this. This plant grows in Southwest Asia, but has taken root in the Mediterranean and other regions with a hot and dry climate. Grows as a tree or large shrub 3 to 7 meters high. , with a barrel thickness of more than 40 centimeters.
The crown consists of many branches and is very dense. Its leaves are also large, 12 to 25 centimeters long and 10 to 18 centimeters wide. , and consist of 3-7 beats. They are green in color and slightly rough to the touch.
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Blooms in spring although its flowers are not visible to the naked eye. They sprout from a pear-shaped vessel, the male ones are closest to its opening, and the female ones are closer to the inner one. After pollination - a task performed by small wasps - this vessel matures and eventually becomes what we call a breve (if it forms in the winter and completes ripening in the spring) or a fig (which will be ready to eat between mid and late summer) .
Depending on variety , there are fig trees that produce only one crop and others that produce two crops. . The latter are known as reblooming or biconvex fig trees. There are also monoecious (they have flowers of both sexes), while others are dioecious.
How old is the fig tree?
This is a very fast growing plant that begins to bear fruit at a very young age (I can tell you myself that we had one that had a few shoots left when it died. We kept one of them and two years later it gave a few figs.). But that's exactly what their lifespan is very limited, around 60 years maximum.
Trees, and any plants in general, that bloom at a very young age have a short life span.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a house in the garden?
Let's not lie to you: the fig tree is a plant that looks great in the garden as it provides shade and is very resistant to drought. However, when buying and / or planting in the ground, it is necessary to take into account both its advantages and disadvantages:
Picture - Online Plant Guide
The fig tree has many advantages such as: take care of itself (they fall 350mm a year). Of course, in the first year it is important to water from time to time so that the roots become stronger.
- This tree can be rather dirty : leaves and unharvested fruits fall in autumn and winter. For this reason, it should not be planted near a pool, terrace or patio.
- You must prune this : at the end of winter it is time to prune to control growth. Otherwise, its branches will spread too far, giving it an awkward look.
- Roots are invasive : they can easily break concrete floors as well as pipes. Therefore, it should be located as far as possible (at a distance of at least 10 meters) from any structure.
Fig tree care
The fig tree is a plant that does not require special care. It's over, put in a sunny place and as far as possible from pipes and other things, you will already have a lot of livestock . Of course, the soil must be clayey, fertile and well-drained, as this way it can grow well without problems.
If we talk about watering, then in the garden it will be moderate in the first year, but otherwise it will be negligible or even zero. . However, if it is grown in a pot, it should be watered about 3 times a week in summer and reduced to 1-2 times a week in winter. It is also recommended to fertilize it with a liquid fertilizer so that you can mix it with the water you use for irrigation, such as this.
As far as pruning is concerned, should be pruned at the end of winter before it resumes growth (you will see this in its buds, which will swell as the temperature rises). You must remove dry branches and any that look bad, as well as those that have grown too much.
Good resistance to cold and frost up to -12ºC .
The fig is a very interesting plant, but it is important to know it well to avoid problems. Do you have one in your garden?
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fruits, leaves, seeds on the photo
Botanical name: Fig or Fig, or Fig tree, or Fig tree (Ficus carica) – genus Ficus, family Mulberry.
Fig homeland: Mediterranean, India.
Soil: light, nutritious.
Maximum height: 10 m.
Average lifespan of a tree: 200 years.
Planting: seeds, cuttings, cuttings.
Description of the fig plant: fruits, leaves and seeds
The fig is a subtropical fruit tree or large shrub 8-10 m high with a low wide crown and thick branches. The bark of the trunk and branches is light gray, smooth.
Leaves are large, arranged alternately, 3-7-lobed, almost entire, rigid, dark green above, grayish-green below, pubescent, up to 15 cm long, up to 12 cm wide. Attached to a thick, long petiole. In the axils of the leaves are inflorescences - pear-shaped syconia, hollow, with a small hole at the top. This hole is intended for blastophage wasps that pollinate the tree. Male inflorescences are called caprifigs, female - figs.
The fruits are sweet, juicy, pear-shaped, up to 8 cm long, up to 5 cm in radius, weighing 30-70g. Inside they contain small seeds-nuts. Fruit color, color and size depend on the variety. The most common are yellow, yellow-green, dark blue figs.
During the growth period, the fig tree often blooms. However, male inflorescences are formed only from the beginning of spring to the end of autumn, and figs - only in summer and autumn.
What a fig looks like can be seen in the photo in the gallery below, after this article.
How and where figs grow: what they look like in photos and videos
The wild fig tree is common in the Mediterranean countries, in India, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, Asia Minor, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Abkhazia, on the Black Sea coast of the Krasnodar Territory. In the mountains it grows at an altitude of 500 - 2000 m above sea level, more often on the southern slopes, as well as along the banks of rivers, forming thickets. It is cultivated in many countries with a subtropical climate. Large areas of fig plantations in Turkey, Tunisia, Greece, Italy, Portugal, America. In Russia, it is grown in the southern regions of the European part. The countries where figs grow have a warm, humid climate. Severe frosts, below -12 ° C, the plant does not tolerate.
The culture is also grown indoors as an ornamental tree. In this case, its height reaches no more than 3-4 m.
Figs bloom for 2-3 years after planting. Brings a high yield from 7-9 years.
The culture is propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering. In nature, the fig tree reproduces with the help of blastophage wasps, which penetrate through the opening of the seed. The females of these insects lay their eggs in underdeveloped female inflorescences. Wasps appear in male inflorescences. Leaving the inflorescence, the wasps get dirty with pollen. In the wild, they are attracted by the aroma of female inflorescences. Getting into female inflorescences, wasps leave pollen brought on the body. Flowers, on the stigmas of which pollen has fallen, tie fruits.
You can find out more information about figs by watching the video:
Fans of this culture will be interested in the answer to the question “how does fig grow?” Fig trees are unpretentious, successfully grow and bear fruit on any soil, including poor and depleted ones. Blooms often throughout the year. The fruits are tied 2 times a year - in summer and autumn. The fig plant is drought-resistant, and some varieties can withstand low temperatures down to -17-20°C. It is not affected by pests and diseases.
One tree bears about 70-90 fruits per year. The life expectancy of wild individuals is 150-200 years, trees grown at home - 30-60 years.
Below you can see a photo of how a fig grows:
What is a fig
The fruit of a fig has a yellow, black-blue, purple and black color, depending on the variety. It has high taste qualities, contains a lot of valuable substances. Despite the sweet taste of this fruit, its calorie content is low. 100 g of fresh berries contains 49kcal. Dried figs decrease in weight and volume, but at the same time sugars accumulate in it. 100 g of dried fruit contains about 95 kcal. Dried figs are highly nutritious. They contain 4.5 g of protein, 1.4 g of fat and 64 g of carbohydrates. In addition, figs are a source of vitamins, minerals, trace elements, and dietary fiber. The main vitamins that make up its composition are vitamins A, B, B1, C, E, PP, beta-carotenes, fiber, pectins. Among the minerals in the pulp of the fruit contains iron, potassium, calcium, phosphorus, sodium.
The fruit of the fig tree is eaten fresh, canned, dried. Jam, jams, marshmallows, compotes and wines are made from it, for which the fruits of this plant are called "vin berry". However, fresh figs are not transportable, so only unripe or dried are transported.
The beneficial properties of the fig tree have been known since ancient times. Today, wine berries are used not only for cooking various dishes, but also to compensate for the lack of vitamins, strengthen bones, restore vitality, and remove toxins from the body. Fig fruits are used to treat coughs, colds, diseases of the liver and kidneys, and the cardiovascular system. In addition, this fruit increases male potency, fights sexual impotence. Fresh fruits are low in calories, which helps in the fight against excess weight. There are "fig" fasting days, when 100 g of dried fig tree fruits, 1 kg of any other fruit and 500 g of vegetables are eaten per day.
Wine berry recommended during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Figs help prevent iron deficiency in the body of a pregnant woman and prevent fetal anemia. When breastfeeding, it enhances lactation, serves as a preventive measure for the appearance of mastopathy, saturates breast milk with vitamins and microelements useful to the child.
Figs have been proven to improve brain function, increase immunity, and prevent many diseases.
The immature fruits are inedible because they contain a caustic milky juice.
Figs are a useful fruit
Fresh figs do not harm a healthy body. However, this fruit is contraindicated in gout and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Dried fruits are not recommended for overweight and diabetics due to their high sugar content.
Wine berry should be excluded from the diet during pregnancy if the woman is gaining weight rapidly or suffers from diabetes.
Despite the minimal harm of figs, it should not be consumed in large quantities. A healthy person is recommended 3-4 berries per day.
How to use figs correctly
Everyone knows what figs are. However, not everyone knows how to properly consume this tasty and healthy berry.
In the absence of any disease, the fig fruit can be eaten in any form. This fruit perfectly satisfies the feeling of hunger, replaces chocolate and other sweets. Dried fruits are used as dried fruits. Before use, they are poured over with boiling water and allowed to swell. You can soften the figs for a couple, so they retain their shape and taste. Dried fig tree is added to compotes, used for filling cakes, pies and other confectionery.
Fresh figs are used as desserts and as an additional ingredient in meats, salads and snacks. Figs give exotic taste and delicate aroma to any dish.
Unripe fruits are inedible, but they can be baked after cutting, putting nuts in the cut and pouring honey. Such a dessert is not only tasty and nutritious, but also very healthy.
When choosing figs, pay attention to their color, size and softness. It is better to give preference to the same size, soft light yellow fruits. Firm flesh and a sour taste indicate the immaturity of the fruit or the expiration of its shelf life.
The leaves of this plant are used for medicinal purposes. They contain organic acids, furocoumarins, essential oil, steroids, flavonoids, tannins.
Raw materials are harvested from June to October. The leaves are not plucked, but cut with a knife. Cut leaves are laid out on a flat surface in a thin layer. Drying takes place outdoors. For quick drying, they are turned over 2-4 times a day. During harvesting and drying, the leaves should be protected from getting wet. So that the raw materials do not get wet from the rain, they are covered with a tarpaulin, cleaned under a canopy or in a ventilated room. In clear, sunny weather, drying lasts 5-6 days. Dried leaves turn brown and lose their qualities.
Store raw materials in a dry, ventilated area. Shelf life 2 years.
Infusions and decoctions of the leaves are used to gargle with colds, rub the eyelids with trachoma, treat scabies, cystitis, nephrolithiasis, furunculosis. In scientific medicine, the drug "Psoberan" is obtained from raw materials, which is prescribed for alopecia areata, as well as to restore skin pigmentation in vintiligo.
Fresh fig leaves applied to wounds. They draw out pus and promote the speedy healing of the wound.
Leaf extract is used in skin and hair care cosmetics.
In addition to the leaves, fig seeds are used for medicinal purposes. They are used for constipation, 10-12 pieces at a time. Seed oil is valued for its moisturizing properties, so it is used to make creams, lotions, soaps, shampoos.
Fig fruit are used as a substitute for coffee. The wood is used to make handicrafts and also as fuel.
Attractive and outwardly unusual trees decorate the garden plot. A plant grown in a pot makes the interior of the room unusual and pleasant.
Photos of figs are presented on this page, after this article.
The history of the fig
The story tells that humanity has long appreciated the benefits and taste of the fig tree. Archaeologists claim that the age of this plant is more than 5000 years. The first description of figs was compiled in the Bible, the Koran and ancient Egyptian writings.
According to an ancient legend, its leaves were the first clothes of Adam and Eve. In ancient Greece, slaves wiped their masters' lips with them after a meal. Participants in the Olympic Games used figs in large quantities before the performance. There was a belief that this fruit gives strength and courage. That is why warriors always took this delicacy with them on military campaigns.
In Buddhism, the fig is considered a symbol of enlightenment, because it was under this tree that the great Buddha realized the meaning of being. In ancient Rome, the plant was sacred, as it saved Romulus and Remus (the founders of the Roman Empire) from death. The Egyptian queen Cleopatra had a favorite delicacy.
The ancient Greeks revered figs as a symbol of fertility, and on holidays dedicated to the god of fertility - Dionysus, they supplemented the basket with dishes and wine drinks with the fruits of this plant.
Interestingly, at the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece, instead of medals, the winners were awarded fig fruits.
The great writers and poets Leopardi, Dante, Pascoli sang about figs in their creations. The plant was credited with miraculous properties. So, the famous Roman physician Dorante believed that almost all diseases could be treated with a decoction of figs. However, over the years, this statement was not confirmed in practice, so the fig began to lose its popularity, turning over the years into an ordinary tree.
The fig tree is a close relative of indoor ficus and distant relatives of mulberry.