How tall is the biggest tree


What is the world's tallest tree?

The tallest trees on Earth live in California. These towering coastal redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens), shown here in the Purisima Creek Redwoods Preserve, Santa Cruz Mountains, can live for hundreds of years. (Image credit: Sundry Photography/Getty Images)

Trees are some of the most majestic and awe-inspiring living things on the planet. And many of them are really, really big.

But which one is the tallest? 

It turns out that the tallest trees on Earth are the coast redwoods (Sequoia sempervirens) that loom over the mist-shrouded coastline of Redwood National Park, in Northern California. And the king of these giants is a tree known as Hyperion, according to Guinness World Records . When it was last measured in 2019, it stood an eye-popping 380 feet, 9.7 inches (116.07 meters) tall from top to base, taller than a 35-story building. 

Hyperion's exact location is a closely held secret, but it is apparently rooted in a hillside in which most of the old-growth coastal redwoods have been logged. Somehow, Hyperion has escaped the chainsaw, and the tree is estimated to be between 600 and 800 years old.

Related: Do trees exist (scientifically speaking)?

The living skyscraper was first discovered in 2006, by Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor, part of a team of researchers who, at the time, tramped through the California forests hunting for the tallest trees, SFGate reported . At that time, the tree was a tiny bit shorter, at 379 feet, 1.2 in (115.5 m). Around the same time, that group discovered the second and third-tallest trees: Helios, which was then 376.3 feet (114.7 m) tall, and Icarus, which stood 371.2 feet (113.1 m) tall.

"Even though they're on steep slopes, they're growing in the finest redwood habitat on the planet," Atkins told SFGate in 2006. "They're right below a ridge, so they're protected from the wind. They're near abundant water, and they have plenty of fog, which keeps the local microclimate mild and moist. And they have great sun exposure."

Coast redwoods are not only the tallest trees on the planet, they are also some of the oldest living things on Earth; they can live up to 2,000 years. It's not clear exactly why these trees can live to be so ancient, but the climate plays a role. Even when inland California burns in the summer, a blanket of thick fog enshrouds the coastal groves, keeping the temperature cool year-round. The coast also sees about 100 inches (254 centimeters) of rainfall a year, which also helps nurture these groves of giants, according to the National Park Service .

Coast redwoods are also some of the most resilient trees on Earth. Their tannin-rich bark seems to be nearly impervious to the fungus and disease that fells other trees, according to the NPS. And the 12-inch-thick (25 cm) bark of these silent giants enables them to withstand the wildfires that have historically swept through the Sierras. 

RELATED MYSTERIES

While coast redwoods are the tallest trees on Earth, they are not the largest. The largest trees on the planet are General Sherman and General Grant, giant sequoias that cling to the rocky, fire-scarred Sierras in California's Kings Canyon and Sequoia National Parks.

And North America doesn't have a monopoly on uber-tall trees. The tallest trees on other continents, according to Guinness World Records, are:

  • A Eucalyptus regnans found on the island of Tasmania, which stands 327.5 feet (99.82 m) tall, is Australia's tallest tree.
  • Asia's tallest tree is a yellow meranti tree (Shorea faguetiana) found in Malaysia. It is just a touch shorter than Australia's tallest tree, at 323.3 feet (98.53 m) tall.
  •  In South America, a red angelim (Dinizia excelsea) tree in Brazil's Amazon rainforest is the tallest on the continent, at 290.4 feet (88.5 m)
  • Africa's tallest tree, a myovo tree (Entandrophragma excelsum) near Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania stands 267.4 feet (81.50m) tall
  • Europe's largest tree lives in Portugal. This Karri tree (Eucalyptus diversicolor) stands 239.2 feet (72.9 m) tall.

Originally published on Live Science.

Tia is the managing editor and was previously a senior writer for Live Science. Her work has appeared in Scientific American, Wired.com and other outlets. She holds a master's degree in bioengineering from the University of Washington, a graduate certificate in science writing from UC Santa Cruz and a bachelor's degree in mechanical engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. Tia was part of a team at the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel that published the Empty Cradles series on preterm births, which won multiple awards, including the 2012 Casey Medal for Meritorious Journalism.

The Tallest Trees in the World - Discover

For those of us who love the woods, trees are a constant source of wonder. Towering forest giants can make you feel tiny wherever you are, but some dwarf the rest.

Some of the tallest trees on Earth can be found in the inaccessible tropics of Borneo and the ancient forests of Tasmania. Europe's tallest trees are over 20 stories high but are all non-native species from wilder parts of the world. But none of these can match the stately grandeur and cathedral awe of the old-growth redwood and sequoia forests on the Californian coast - the ancient kings of the forest.

These trees are genuine giants. The grandfather of them all, a magnificent coast redwood called Hyperion, stands a full 20m higher than London's Big Ben or the Statue of Liberty in New York. It's hard to grasp the true scale of these towering titans, but hopefully this infographic can help our tiny human minds comprehend the enormity of these trees.

You can view a larger version of this infographic here.

And feel free to share the infographic if you want to! We're releasing it under a CC BY-SA 4.0 creative commons license, which basically means you can use it for whatever you want, so long as you link back to Candide.

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Hyperion

Its exact location is a closely guarded secret, but we know that Hyperion is a coast redwood (Sequoia sempervirens) in Redwood National Park, California.

Coastal Redwood

Sequoia sempervirens

The tallest tree of all was only discovered in 2006, by naturalists Chris Atkins and Michael Taylor. It was later climbed by Stephen Sillett, who dropped a tape measure from the top and recorded Hyperion's official height as 115.55m, taller than any other tree on the planet.

Arborist Mario Vaden in front of a large coast redwood in Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park, California

Hyperion is already somewhere between 600-800 years old and still growing. Barring damage from wind or woodpeckers, it should keep doing so for centuries to come.

Other exceptionally tall redwoods are currently shorter than Hyperion but growing at a faster rate. So while Hyperion holds the crown for now, it's likely to be overtaken in the next few decades. It will therefore probably be a different tree that breaks the 400 foot barrier for the first time since logging decimated these forests.

A grove of redwoods near Avenue of the Giants, an area with lots of very tall trees! Photo by Ryan Grayson under CC BY-NC-ND 3. 0

Centurion

Another magnificently named goliath, Centurion is a mountain ash (Eucalyptus regnans aka swamp gum) located in the untamed wilds of Tasmania.

Eucalyptus regnans

Eucalyptus regnans

Having grown 80cm since its previous official measurement a few years before, in 2018 Centurion was measured at an incredible 100.5m. At the time, that made it the only known tree taller than 100m outside of North America.

As redwoods are technically softwood trees (defined by their seeds rather than the actual hardness of the wood), Centurion also holds the honour of being the world's tallest hardwood tree. And it was probably even taller in the past. Signs of a broken branch near the top of the tree suggest that Centurion could grow even higher in future.

A small child gazing up at a 92m tall mountain ash/swamp gum that was once thought to be the tallest in Australia. Photo by T Taylor under CC BY-SA 3.0

Many of the world's most impressive trees have grand names, but Centurion's came about by coincidence. Rather than being named for its towering 100m height, the name was reserved for the 100th monumental tree recorded, as part of a wider Tasmanian tree-measuring project.

Australia's crowning woodland glory has only survived long enough to grow so tall by chance. Most of the surrounding area has been heavily logged, and forest fires regularly sweep through these remote regions. A bushfire in February 2019 came close to ending it all, badly charring Centurion's base despite heroic efforts to save the tree from harm. But it's not all bad news. Eucalyptus trees have evolved alongside the ever-present threat of fire, and Centurion remains stable and healthy, even with its blackened trunk.

Buttress roots at the bottom of a huge swamp gum in Tasmania. Photo by ccdoh2 under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

General Sherman

Named after a famous civil war commander, General Sherman is a giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) growing in Sequoia National Park.

Giant Redwood

Sequoiadendron giganteum

But what makes this one any more remarkable than the others? It's certainly not the tallest sequoia around, but General Sherman is nevertheless a giant among giants.

At around 2500 years old, General Sherman is ancient in human terms, but a relative youngster next to the 4,850-year-old bristlecone pine known as Methuselah. Still, this mighty sequoia has lived long enough to reach a neck-breaking height of 83.8m, although that's significantly shorter than both Centurion and Hyperion. And while a diameter of 7.7m is notable, it's got nothing on the widest baobab and cypress trees.

But the whole is greater than the sum of its parts. Put these measurements together, and you discover that General Sherman is the largest tree on Earth. With an estimated bole (trunk) volume of 1,487m3, this colossus is thought to weigh almost 2,000 tonnes. And that's even after it lost its largest branch in January 2006 – this was over 30m long and 2m wide, bigger than most trees.

General Sherman is one hell of a big tree! Photo by m01229 under CC BY-SA 2.0

The Tallest Tree in Europe

Valle de Canas in Portugal has suffered forest fires in recent years. However, the renowned Karri Knight tree has fortunately escaped unharmed and remains the tallest reliably measured tree in Europe at 72.9m.

A tall karri tree at home in Western Australia. The Karri Knight is another 10m taller than this! Photo by Steel Wool under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

The Karri Knight is a karri tree (Eucalyptus diversicolor), native to southwestern Australia.

Gum tree

Eucalyptus diversicolor

Remarkably, Europe's tallest tree is thought only to be around 120 years old, so it could well grow significantly taller in the future. Its antipodean cousins have been known to reach heights of about 90m in ideal conditions, so who knows how tall the trees of Valle de Canas could become?

There's a chance that they'll never be the tallest trees in Europe though – it might just be that we haven't measured the highest ones yet. There are rumours of giants in the remote forests of the Caucasus, on the eastern edge of Europe, some of which could be up to 85m tall. We're just waiting for an expedition to survey the region's trees before anything can be confirmed.

An Australian karri tree used as a fire lookout thanks to its great height. Photo by Steel Wool under CC BY-NC-ND 2.0

The Tallest Tree in the UK

Betws y Coed is a well-known honeypot village in Snowdonia National Park and a regular tourist stop en route to Snowdon, the highest peak in Wales. What most people don't realise is that they're also going past the tallest tree in the UK, a proud coast Douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) just outside the village.

Douglas Fir

Pseudotsuga menziesii

Ready to produce the next generation of giant Douglas firs. Photo by Cody Hough under CC BY-SA 3.0

At 67.5m, it's an undeniably large tree, but the coast Douglas fir is another American giant that can reach staggering heights of 100m+ in its native habitat. A glen near Inverness in Scotland holds another Douglas fir that's not far off the record at 66. 4m. And there must be something special about that particular glen, as it's also home to the tallest larch and lime trees in the UK.

These might not be the tallest trees yet, but every tree starts somewhere!

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Could There Be Taller Trees out There?

Hyperion was only discovered in 2006, and Centurion in 2008. Redwood and mountain ash have been heavily logged in the past, losing the vast majority of their forests and the largest individual trees. So while there were almost certainly taller trees in the past, could any still be out there?

Could more giants be hiding in a remote area of the misty forests on the US west coast?

It's certainly not impossible. Giant trees grow in old-growth forests, which tend to be mostly undisturbed and inaccessible by their very definition. An extra tall behemoth could well have escaped detection, especially if its base was located in a hollow lower than the surrounding ground. Then it could potentially be taller than the trees around it without making an impact on the skyline.

LiDAR image of Douglas firs being surveyed in the Pacific Northwest. Photo courtesy of Oregon State University under CC BY-SA 2.0

But these kinds of discoveries are becoming less likely by the year. LiDAR technology uses a series of sophisticated laser measurements to build an accurate 3D map of the ground and trees below. As LiDAR surveys more of the earth's surface, we can be increasingly confident that the tallest trees have already been found.

LiDAR is still uncovering some surprises though. The world's tallest known tropical tree was only found this year, in the relatively well known Danum Valley conservation area in Borneo. The exceptional yellow meranti tree (Shorea faguetiana) is the only tropical tree ever known to have broken the 100m barrier, standing less than 80cm clear of the airy milestone. So who knows what else might be out there?

The exceptionally tall tropical trees of Borneo's Danum Valley conservation area. Photo by Jeevitha Balakrishnan under CC BY-SA 4. 0

The Biggest Trees Ever

There is no doubt that today's biggest trees wouldn't have made the cut in centuries past. Around 95% of the ancient redwood forests of western North America have been logged, and tales tell of giant trees that would have towered over the monarchs of today. No doubt exaggeration played a part in some of the recorded measurements, but not all of them can be discounted.

Two trees, in particular, are worthy of consideration. The Crannell Creek Giant was a coast redwood (like Hyperion) that was around 20% larger than General Sherman, a giant sequoia. This leviathan was tragically chopped down in the 1940s.

We've never had anything quite as big as the trees in Avatar though...

But there have been even bigger trees in the past. The largest single-stem tree ever recorded was the Lindsey Creek Giant, another coast redwood. It fell in a storm in 1905 but was estimated to have a trunk volume of at least 2,550m3, approaching twice the size of General Sherman. This vast tree had a diameter of nearly 6m at the height of 40m, and almost 3m at 75m. It may have also been a few metres taller than Hyperion.

The Lindsey Creek Giant was the last true titan, but if we keep our forests safe from harm, such giants could one day rise again.

List of the tallest trees in the world for 2022

Ksenia Grusho

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In the thick of the forest among the plants there are always giants and dwarfs, but this is a purely external comparison, because even a not very tall tree will visually seem huge if it grows on the edge of a cliff. In fact, the natural world never ceases to amaze us with the possibilities of a wide variety of plants, the enormity of some specimens cannot even be grasped with a glance. The question of which is the tallest tree remains relevant, although the leaders have long been identified. Time passes, the rating changes from year to year.

What determines the height of trees

Even from the school course of botany, we know that a tree can be conditionally divided into parts - the root system, trunk, branches, leaves and fruits. In order for growth to continue, nutrition is needed, which any, even the tallest tree, receives from the roots. A powerful root system not only nourishes, but also holds a huge wood mass, and it turns out that there is a certain limit, after which growth stops due to lack of nutrition and the severity of the crown. The plant begins to dry, starting from the highest branches, and dies for natural reasons (the water that carries nutrients to the top simply stops reaching it).

For example, botanists have not yet figured out the reason for the disappearance of Australia's oldest eucalyptus. Its height, according to information that has come down to the present, was in the range of 140-150 m. Now the tallest eucalyptus trees in the world are trees of 80-90 m, and the reason for this “decrease” in growth compared to distant ancestors is still not clarified.

TOP tallest tree species

  1. Evergreen sequoia from California (almost all the tallest conifers in the world are of this species).
  2. Regal Eucalyptus, native to Australia and Tasmania.
  3. Pseudotsuga Menzies - North American pine.
  4. Giant sequoia is the “brother” of the evergreen sequoia.
  5. Norway spruce, mountain pine and even noble fir - they all belong to the tree giants. Sometimes their height reaches 70-80 m.
  6. European beech, smaller than other species, but still significant enough in height to be included in the list of "high-rise" trees. Beech specimens are known with a trunk height of 50-60 m.

To avoid crowds of people near the largest coniferous and deciduous trees, only those who monitor the condition of the giants know their exact place of growth. In all reference books of the world, only regions where giant trees grow are indicated. Sometimes there are small excursions in the reserves, but each of the huge trees has a small fence from those who want to touch the bark or rhizomes protruding from the ground. By the way, the name of the largest tree on the planet has been known for 10 years - Hyperion - and so far not a single tree giant has been found that could compete with it.

A long time ago, scientists from Germany found the highest tree in Africa in Tanzania (Kilimanjaro), and data on it were published only in November last year. This is an entandrophragm with a height of 81.5 m, with an average height of 55 m, calculated from a large population of trees of this species.

Scientists measured more than 800 trees with a laser beam, and found among them several more contenders for the first place among the giants of the natural world. So far, unfortunately, there are many unexplored places in southern Africa, so botanists believe that the entandrophragm found may not be the highest in the world. The search is going slowly, because to study such a vast continent, both funds and people are needed, but it is quite possible that it is in the depths of southern Africa that there will be competitors to the magnificent sequoias, which are still considered the tallest trees in the world.

What is the tallest tree in the world

Each giant dendro has its own name in the plant world, and this is understandable, because they almost managed to grow almost to the sky - it's worth something! Such unique creatures need to be known “by sight”, therefore a special list was created, where each giant tree is named by name, a brief reference is given about it.

It would seem that there should be a lot of dendro giants on our planet, but, alas, they can really be counted on the fingers, since only dendro giants, whose height is more than 110 m, were included in the top list.
In addition, before the invention of the laser rangefinder, the height of trees was measured by the old-fashioned method, i.e. a long rope was lowered from the top, on which marks were made in advance. Somewhere the rope touched a knot, somewhere a branch and measurements had to be repeated several times, and average values ​​were taken as a result.
Finding out exactly which tree is the tallest on earth is quite difficult without special tools, and the area of ​​\u200b\u200bforests presents a certain difficulty.

TOP 10 tallest trees in the world

  • Mendocino (Mendocino according to other sources) - 112.20 m. The most visited by tourists evergreen sequoia of Montgomery Woods Reserve (California). Until the beginning of the 21st century, it was Mendocino that was considered the tallest tree in the world. Its age is almost 10 centuries, which is quite solid even for a long-growing sequoia.
  • Paradox is an artificially bred mixed variety of black and walnuts, but also related to sequoias. Its height reaches 112.56 m, the girth of the tree is almost 4 m.

  • Rockefeller is a giant whose diameter was not even measured, the trunk is so unusual. This majestic tree grows in Redwood Park (California), and although it can be freely accessed, since the park is national, the state of the tree is constantly monitored.

  • Orion is also located in Redwood Park, its height is impressive - 112.63 m, and the diameter of the trunk in the surface part is more than 4 m. , but at the end of the 20th century, botanists found more magnificent specimens among its evergreen counterparts, and although the tree continues to grow (112.71 m.), Its place has dropped from the list. Lauraline is another example of Redwood Creek's magnificent sequoia. Its height is 113.03 m, and scientists determined its age at 1600 years. The long-lived tree feels great, and does not suffer at all from the abundance of tourists who constantly pass along walking routes.
  • Icarus is a representative of giant sequoias, but it was found a little later, so the general tourist community hardly knows about it. Its height is 113.14 m, the diameter of the surface part is 3.78 m. It is not far from Redwood Park, you just need to go to the Redwoods National Park (California).

Rating of the highest representatives of dendrogiants

  • The Giant of the Stratosphere (Stratospheric Giant) rose even higher above its fellows - 113.71 m, diameter - more than 5 m.
  • Helios 1,114.58 m Sequoia grows in Redwoods National Park (Redwood Creek tributary).
  • Hyperion - 115.61 m. Redwood Park (California). The age of the tree is estimated at 900 years, so the sequoia has every chance of remaining first in the ranking of the highest trees in the world for many more decades.

Of course, these are not all tall trees, but so far only they are known. Over time, there will be more giants in uncharted lands, in remote corners of forests unexplored by botanists.
Most of the known dendro giants live in California, while all of them are alive, i.e. continue to grow, and it is still far from the critical point when the problem of cell nutrition arises. It is likely that with an average tree growth of 25 cm per year, our descendants will see giants of 130-150 m, and then the rating of tall trees will change.
Tree giants require a more careful attitude than ordinary trees, because their root system is forced to support the huge weight of the tree, nourish branches and leaves at great heights. In national parks around the world, additional conditions have been created so that crowds of tourists do not besiege such relics, so that tree giants can continue to exist for many more years.

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The largest tree in the world

Nature is able to amaze with its creations. Many are accustomed to the fact that if we talk about large natural objects, then by all means it must be mountains. However, there are trees on our planet, the size of which can surprise. Contrary to popular belief, baobabs are not among the largest trees on Earth. Their maximum girth is 25 m. There are much larger and wider representatives in the world.

Top 10 largest trees in the world

  1. Hyperion. The tallest sequoia and tree of the planet.
  2. Helios. Another giant from the world of cypress.
  3. Icarus. Sequoia with burnt top.
  4. Stratospheric giant. An unusually beautiful and large sequoia, spreading huge branches.
  5. National Geographic Society. This is also a tree, albeit with a very original name.
  6. Orion. Neat, big popular among photographers.
  7. Lauralyn. A slender sequoia that many photographers love.
  8. Rockefeller. A tree with rich crowns, named after a long-lived millionaire.
  9. Paradox. Paradoxically huge resident of Rockefeller Forest.
  10. Mendocino. Last on the list, but far from the last in height among other trees in the world.

Hyperion - the largest tree in the world

The height of Hyperion is almost 116 m. This giant grows on the territory of the Redwood Park and is protected, as it is actually a natural monument. Its trunk diameter is 4.84 m.

Hyperion is the largest tree in the world

The age of the sequoia is amazing and is almost 700 years old. She is called Hyperion because scientists associate her with the titan from ancient Greek mythology. The tall tree also earned the title of the heaviest sequoia in the world.

Helios - contender for the first place

It was the Helios tree that was considered the tallest in the world and at the same time it was called the largest. Its height exceeds 114 m with a trunk diameter of about 5 m.

This giant tree continues to grow

The giant continues to grow, even its leaves seem huge, which can be clearly seen in the photo.

Icarus - a tree with a burnt top

It is thanks to its top that Icarus got its name. It surprises with its large size, which is clearly visible in the photo.

One of the largest trees on Earth compared to a man

With a height of 113.4 m, the diameter of this miracle of nature is almost 3.8 m. Icarus, like Helios and Hyperion, belongs to the redwoods.

Giant of the stratosphere - sequoia that continues to grow

The stratospheric giant has already reached 113 m in height, and it continues to grow. Sequoia is located on the territory of Humboldt Park.

Another representative of the cypress, continuing its growth

Her photos have spread all over the world and continue to delight all travelers. The stratospheric giant turned out to be so large that its crown did not fit into the frame. Therefore, to take a photo, it was necessary to move a decent distance.

NGO - the amazing tree of Redwood Park

In the photo you can see a tree with the strange name of the National Geographic Society.

Conquest of the National Geographic Society

This is the name of this sequoia. Its height reaches 112 m, and its diameter is 4.39 m. It is the NGO that opens the rating of redwoods fighting for every centimeter. It is ranked among the tallest and largest trees in the world, while overtaking its neighbors by a few centimeters.

Orion is another property of Redwood

The struggle for a few centimeters between NGO and Orion continues to this day. It has been established that the height of Orion reaches 112. 63 m, while its closest competitor has 112.71 m.

Orion is not only a constellation, but also a tree

It was possible to measure the exact height thanks to special equipment. At the same time, experts also determined the age, which is about 1500 years. This is a relatively old tree. The importance of Orion lies not only in its botanical uniqueness, but birds included in the Red Book can nest on it.

Lauraline - the winner of the "millionaire"

Sequoia Lauraline has a height of 112.62 m. Like other sequoias, it attracts many photographers.

Beautiful and slender Lauraline

And although it is not easy to take a photo of such a large tree, this does not stop enthusiasts.

Rockefeller neighbor Lauraline

Sequoia Rockefeller reaches a height of 112.6 m.

Photo of Rockefeller Forest

Despite the fact that the tree enjoys a reputation as one of the largest in the world, its diameter is still unknown. This sequoia grows in the Rockefeller Forest.

Paradox is one of the largest and most beautiful trees in the world

Paradox at 112.56 m is characterized by excellent harmony, clearly visible in the photo.

A paradoxically large tree

That is why the sequoia has gained fame as one of the most beautiful trees in the world.

Mendocino - bottom of the ranking

Located in Montgomery Woods, the Mendocino sequoia reaches 112.2 m with a diameter of 4.19 m. California. Like its other relatives, Mendocino belongs to conifers.

Features of sequoia

Sequoia belongs to cypress. This family is very rich. Absolutely all redwoods are long-lived, and some are able to live up to 2000 years. Such a large "life potential" remains a mystery to scientists, and at the same time, the world of science knows cases when a tree could not even reach 500 years. Sequoias were first discovered in the 16th century. These trees immediately attracted the attention of industrialists, so they instantly became very popular in logging, which led to merciless felling. When it became known that redwoods around the world would come under strict protection, logging companies began to work harder than ever. Now some of the representatives of these beautiful trees can only be seen in the photo.

USA sequoias are popular with tourists from all over the world

Sequoias are really excellent in terms of performance. Now there are less than 5% of the number that once existed. Refractory wood is an excellent material. In nature, it is difficult to find natural materials suitable for building houses that are aesthetically pleasing and easy to process. Sequoia meets these requirements completely and does not burn in fire.

Where did the name come from

The name of one of the most amazing representatives of the cypress family has a long history. It was proposed by the botanist Stefan Endlicher. The names he proposed did not find a clear justification, but now the world of science knows that sequoia is the name of the leader of the Cherokee Indian tribe, who invented the syllabary.

Sequoia botanical features

First of all, sequoia is characterized by very thick bark. Of all the trees in the world, its bark can be called perhaps the thickest. The thickness can reach 30 cm, and the bark itself is quite soft, capable of darkening over time. The root system spreads widely, the leaves of a young sequoia are usually flat, seed dispersal occurs with the opening of cones.

Where to find sequoias

Photographers of sequoias are well aware that the largest trees in the world grow mainly along the coast of the Pacific Ocean (USA). You can find sequoia both at a respectful height (up to 1 km) and off the coast.

Immense giant

Sequoia is a moisture-loving tree, for which sea air is quite normal and even favorable for growth. The tallest representatives of the cypress family grow exactly where there is access to sea air.

There are many interesting facts about sequoias. We list some of them:

  • According to the results of a study by Northern Arizona University, it turned out that the maximum height that a single specimen can reach is 130 m.
  • The widest of these trees is Titan Del Norte, which has a diameter of 7.22 m and a height of 93.57 m. Thus, its volume is approximately 1045 cubic meters. m.
  • In nature, there is a unique phenomenon - albino sequoias. One of these can be seen in the photo below.

Giant sequoia - a special type of sequoia

Such trees are also called mammoth trees. Previously, they were classified as Taxodiaceae. It is not difficult to guess that the sequoiadendron got its name due to its gigantic size. Its hanging branches remind us of mammoth tusks. This incredibly ancient representative of the natural world, which appeared in the Tertiary period. There are not many sequoiadendrons on Earth. You can only meet them in the Sierra Nevada. True representatives of sequoiadendrons grow in the Sequoia National Park. They are able to grow up to 100 m in height, while their diameter can reach 12 m. The largest representative of sequoiadendrons at the moment is General Sherman, who has reached almost 84 m. Scientists believe that some specimens can live up to 6000 years. So far, it has been proven (by annual rings) that the maximum age of sequoiadendrons can be 3500 years.

Giant Sequoia - an example of the power of nature

Many people try to breed sequoiadendrons, but such ornamental plants require the right climate. Therefore, they grow well in Holland, Switzerland, England and other European countries.

Albino Sequoia - a miracle of nature

From afar, it may seem that such a tree is simply covered with snow. In fact, he has a genetic mutation, which is why his needles turn white.

Albino redwood twigs completely white

In fact, the albino sequoia becomes a weed, eating from the roots of other relatives. However, albinos are very protected and try to hide their location in order not to be discovered by poachers.

Sequoia National Park is home to giants

Located in the Sierra Nevada, Sequoia National Park attracts thousands of tourists every year. It is one of the most popular and competes with Yellowstone as well as Mackinac. The area of ​​the park exceeds 1600 sq. km. Nearby is Kings Canyon, managed by the US National Park. The National Park is famous for its giant sequoias. Among them, General Sherman stands out.

Here is the Giant Forest, which is characterized by a picturesque and landscaped area. The height at which this masterpiece of nature is located is almost 2000 m above sea level. Not only sequoias grow here, but also jeffrey, monochromatic fir, magnificent fir. Among the local inhabitants, black-tailed deer and Douglas squirrels appear most often. Here is an interesting village Vuksachi, which is inhabited by about 300 people. The main occupation that allows locals to earn money is serving tourists. For the most part, the Giant Forest has been turned into a commercial sector. For a detailed study of the surroundings, you can visit the Moro rock, which looks like a granite dome. It offers an excellent view, and a ladder is provided for climbing, so everyone can master the climb.


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