How tall peach trees grow


How Big Do Peach Trees Get? (And How to Control Their Growth)

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Having a peach tree in your yard is something that could provide you with a lot of joy. Peach trees are actually very pretty and you could make your yard look that much nicer if you decide to plant one.

It’ll also be nice to be able to harvest peaches from the tree once the tree is mature enough. Many people absolutely adore baking homemade peach desserts using fresh peaches from their own trees.

However, you might be concerned about whether you have enough space in your yard to fit a peach tree. If you’re working with limited space, then it might not be a good idea to get a peach tree if it is going to become large eventually.

How big do peach trees get? Are there certain peach trees that are smaller and some that are larger?

Keep reading to learn more about peach trees and how big they get on average. This should help you to decide whether planting a peach tree in your yard is right for you.

Standard Peach Trees Can Grow Very Large

If you’re talking about a standard peach tree, then you should know that they can get quite large. A peach tree has the potential to grow up to twenty-five feet tall.

It’s also going to be close to twenty-five feet wide if you don’t take the time to prune it. Peach trees can take up a lot of space if you plant a standard peach tree in your yard.

You’ll need to ensure that you have enough room to accommodate a peach tree both vertically and horizontally. If you’re only able to plant a tree in a very small space, then it might not be a good idea to go with a standard peach tree.

If you do a good job of pruning a peach tree, then you can try to keep it down to between twelve and fifteen feet tall. This is actually better for the tree overall because the airflow is going to be substantially better.

You’ll also have an easier time reaching certain spots of the tree when you need to harvest peaches and do other things. Twenty-five feet is quite high up and it can make many things more complicated.

Even fifteen feet is quite high and it’s possible that this might be too big for your yard. It really depends on the amount of space that you have to work with; if you have a smaller yard, a normal peach tree might not be a practical choice.

This doesn’t mean that you have to give up on peach trees entirely, though. There are actually dwarf varieties that will make peach trees more practical for certain people.

Dwarf Peach Trees

Dwarf peach trees are going to be significantly smaller than standard peach trees. If you’re looking for an aesthetically pleasing tree that isn’t quite so big, then looking into the dwarf varieties will be a very sensible choice.

If you buy a dwarf peach tree, then it might wind up growing as tall as six feet. This is a lot more manageable and you’ll also be happy to hear that it can grow to be six feet wide.

You can prune a dwarf peach tree so that it won’t be quite so wide if you want to. In fact, this is recommended because you want to give the tree a defined shape to keep it looking as nice as possible.

For many people with standard yards, it’s going to be better to plant dwarf peach trees. You might only feel like you have room for a normal peach tree if you have a larger yard or if your yard happens to be fairly empty right now.

You Can Keep Fruit Trees at a Specific Height Via Pruning

Now you know how big peach trees can get. If you don’t have a lot of space in your yard, then it’s generally going to make more sense to buy a dwarf peach tree.

However, if you have a decent amount of space, then you might not be so worried about whether you can fit the tree. You just might be worried about the practicality of having a tall tree.

With regular pruning, you can easily keep a peach tree or any other type of fruit tree at a specific height. That doesn’t mean that you can make a regular peach tree as small as a dwarf peach tree, though.

As mentioned earlier, you can get a standard peach tree down to about twelve feet tall if you prune it very regularly. You need the peach tree to be able to spread out enough so that the fruit can grow properly and it can do what it needs to do, though.

Not everyone has a lot of time on their hands, though. Sometimes pruning is not easy because you might wind up not being able to prune the tree yourself as regularly as you need to.

People often hire companies to take care of trees for them. You can hire professionals to prune your peach trees and other types of trees on a schedule.

Of course, this is going to cost a good bit of money if you decide to go this route. If you don’t wish to pay professionals to trim your trees for you, then it’ll be necessary to handle things yourself using the proper tools.

You’ll always need to be careful when pruning tall trees. In fact, it’s going to be wise to only do this when you have someone around who can help you out.

It’ll be safer to have someone there to steady the ladder for you. Also, you’ll have someone to help you if you do have an accident and fall.

Always err on the side of caution even when you’re experienced. It’ll help you to avoid mishaps and you’ll be able to get consistent results.

How Much Fruit Can You Expect to Get From Peach Trees?

Another important question that people ask is how much fruit can be expected from peach trees? The answer depends on the type of peach tree that you decide to plant in your yard.

A standard peach tree is capable of producing between one hundred and one hundred and fifty pounds of fruit in just one year. A dwarf peach tree will only produce between fifty and sixty pounds of peaches in a year.

For an average person or a small household, a dwarf peach tree is going to produce more than enough viable peaches. Of course, you’ll need to care for the peach tree properly and have the peach tree treated to ensure that the peaches are good and safe to eat.

Final Thoughts

You now know how big peach trees can get. The standard peach trees can grow as tall as twenty-five feet while dwarf peach trees can grow to six feet tall.

Peach trees can grow out to be just as wide as they are tall. If you want to keep things in check, then you’re going to have to prune the peach trees regularly.

With pruning, you can keep a standard peach tree between twelve and fifteen feet tall. Things will be more manageable if you decide to do that.

Always be careful when pruning peach trees so that you don’t have any accidents. It’s best to do this when someone else is home to help you out.

You can also hire people to do the job, but this might cost more money than you will want to pay. Just make the right decision based on your budget and how much time you have to do maintenance jobs such as this.

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How Big Do Peach Trees Get?

It is significant to find out how big do peach trees get before planting so you can know the exact place to grow them in your garden.

Peach trees are rewarding fruit trees. There is no better satisfying experience than picking a ripened peach right off the tree in your backyard. They are fresh, juicy fruits that are easy to grow organically.

These fruits are eaten fresh, baked in pies or cobblers, or canned as a staple commodity in many regions. The yellow-fleshed varieties are rich in Vitamin A.

Table of Contents

How Big Do Peach Trees Get?

Different varieties of peach trees attain different heights. Generally, they can reach a height of up to 25 feet tall and almost the same width if not pruned. Dwarf varieties can grow up to 6 feet tall and in width.

Your standard peach tree should be pruned to around 12 – 15 feet for good airflow and reachability when harvesting the fruits. The sizes of peach trees are as follows:

  • Standard: 18 to 20 feet tall and wide
  • Semi-dwarf: 8 to 12 feet tall and wide
  • Dwarf: 5 to 6 feet tall and wide

A standard peach tree can yield up to 150 pounds of fruit per year while a dwarf can yield up to 60 pounds of peaches. You might need to plan what to do with your peaches once they grow. Will you eat it all fresh? Will, you can them? Or will you make jam? Pick your most appealing variety of peach and plant it. You will surely enjoy a bountiful harvest!

How Long Do Peach Trees Produce Fruits?

A peach tree starts to produce fruits at 2 to 4 years. It will continue to do for an average of 12 years.
During this time it will continue to produce a high yield with each harvest depending on the variety you planted. The yield per variety is as follows:

  • Miniature variety ¼ to 1 bushel
  • Dwarf variety: 1 to 3 bushels
  • Standard variety: 3 to 6 bushels

If you maintain your tree, you can extend its lifespan to about 15 to 20 years. The 4th to 8th year in the life of a peach tree is the peak production season. After the 8th year, the tree starts to produce less with each subsequent crop.  By year 12, you might want to start planting new peach trees if you want more supply.

Where Do Peaches Grow?

Peaches grow successfully across the world. China is the world’s leading producer of peaches. The United States holds the 5th position in producing these juicy fruits.

In the US, peaches do well in USDA zones 5 to 9 where the summers are hot, and winters go below 40 degrees F for an extended period.

Peach trees require this cold spell each winter to set their fruit for spring. The top four states that produce lots of peaches in the US are South Carolina, California, Georgia, and New Jersey.

Read more about How to Plant a Lemon Tree Outdoors

Recommended Varieties

There are hundreds of peach cultivars that one can choose to grow.  These cultivars are broken down into three categories namely, Freestone, Clingstone, and Semi-freestone. These categories stand for how much the flesh adheres to the peach pit.

Freestone – This cultivar is a favorite to many gardeners and comes in two types – Elberta and Glohaven.

Elberta – It produces a sizeable golden-yellow fruit blushed with red tones.  It is known for its firm sweet flesh that pulls away from the pit with ease. This flesh is best for eating freshly picked or canning.

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Glohaven – produces large, bright, and yellow-colored peaches that are smooth without the fuzzy peachy characteristics. It is less susceptible to freezing temperatures than other types thus best eaten fresh.

Semi-Freestone – This cultivar has a type known as Redhaven. This type is one of the most favored of the standard varieties of peaches. It is a sweet, yellow peach with some blushing red parts. Its flesh is sweet and freezes well making it excellent for canning and eating fresh.

Clingstone – This cultivar has a type known as the white heath cling. It is a late-season variety producing medium to large fruit. It has intriguing white skin and a slight blush. Its flesh is juicy with a distinct flavor. This variety is a cold-hardy one.

Check out How to Grow a Cherry Tree from a Branch

FAQs

How fast does a peach tree grow?

Quick Answer Peach trees grow at a rate of 1 to 2 feet per year, according to Gardening.com. This is much faster than other fruit trees, such as apples and pears, which can grow in one to two decades. Keep Learning Peach trees are grown in the same manner as any other fruit tree, according to the website.

How tall is a 1 year old peach tree?

Quick Answer A 1-year-old peach tree is about 12 feet tall. A 2-year-old tree is about 18 feet tall, according to the University of Georgia Extension. Keep Learning In order to determine the height of a peach tree, the first step is to determine the age of the tree.

Are peach trees hard to grow?

Quick Answer Peach trees are relatively easy to grow, but the trees themselves are quite large. They can grow to be 20 feet tall and have a trunk diameter of 18 inches. The trees require a lot of space and have a long growing season, so they must be planted in early spring or fall. They also require a lot of water during the growing season.

How many peaches does a tree produce?

There are a number of different ways to estimate the number of peaches on a tree. The first is simply by counting the number of peaches, and then dividing that by the number of days in the season. This is a good way to get an idea of how many you have, but it can be misleading if there are large fluctuations in production.

Where do peach trees grow best?

Peach trees grow well in the eastern half of the United States and in California. In the midwest, they usually don’t do as well because it is too hot and dry for them. They also do well in New England. The climate in the midwest is generally too cold and wet for them. They can also be grown in southern Florida, but not as well as in California or the east.

Peaches are one of the most popular fruit trees for home orchards. Their size makes them easy to harvest and they have a great taste. They are very juicy and sweet. The first commercial peach was probably from China. It came to Europe and then to America. It was grown in the wild in North Carolina. This is the original tree that we call a “wild peach.

 Conclusion

Now that you know how big the peach trees get, it’s best to know the difference between peach and nectarine trees. Peach and nectarine trees are the same species – Prunus Persica.

Nectarine fruit is fuzz-free and somewhat smaller; and sweeter than peach. Peach trees can sometimes grow nectarines and vice versa.

You can get a professional to graft branches that previously produced nectarines and graft them onto peach trees.  

photos of a tree, flowers, description, what it looks like, where it grows in Russia, the harvest season, how peaches ripen

peach

  • 1.4 Peach yield
  • 1.5 How many years does a peach bear fruit
  • 2 Where do peaches grow in Russia
  • 3 What are the most delicious peaches
    • 3.10 9008 Collins
    • 0005 3.2 Kyiv early
    • 3.3 Redheven
    • 3.4 Cardinal
    • 3.5 Kremlin
  • 4 When the Persian season in Russia
    • 4.1 is it possible to remove peaches by unripe
    • 4.2 How to make peaches in the houses
    • 4.3 What can make from unripe peaches
  • 5 How to store peaches
  • 6 Conclusion
  • The peach is a tree that is known primarily for its delicious fruits: they are widely used in cooking in the preparation of a wide variety of gourmet dishes. The culture is unpretentious in care, but does not tolerate low temperatures. About what features a peach has, a photo of a tree and its varieties, about growing conditions, as well as tips for collecting and using unripe fruits, are described in detail in the article.

    What a peach looks like

    China is considered the birthplace of the plant. This is a perennial tree belonging to the Plum genus, the Pink family. In summer cottages, mainly garden varieties are grown, originating from the common peach (Persica vulgaris).

    What kind of peach tree

    Peach is a deciduous, straight-stemmed, fruit tree with a lush, dense crown with a diameter of about 6 m. The height of the plant directly depends on the variety. As a rule, it is 3 - 4 m. Some specimens can grow up to 9m.

    The plant belongs to the Almond subgenus, and, as you can see from the photo, the peach tree is really very similar to almonds.

    The trunk of the tree is covered with brown-red scaly bark. Old branches are thick, powerful, rough to the touch, young ones are smooth and thin. The roots are close to the surface of the earth, at a depth of about 30 - 50 cm. The leaves are bright green, lanceolate, with small teeth. There is no pubescence on the leaf plate.

    Fruits may vary in shape: round, oblong-round, flattened or ovoid. One of the sides is divided by a groove. The peel is thin, from white-green to deep yellow, with reddish-orange tints. The pulp is white and red, juicy, with a pronounced aroma, sweet and sour in taste. Inside is a dense, ribbed, brown bone with a seed.

    Fruit diameter - 6 - 12 cm. Weight, depending on the variety, ranges from 60 to 200 g.

    According to biological characteristics, two types of fruits are distinguished:

  • Nectarines, the skin of which, like a plum, is bare.
  • How peaches grow

    The peach is considered a southern crop. The tree loves bright light and absolutely does not tolerate cold. When the temperature drops to -17 oC, some of the branches and roots freeze over and die. Severe frosts can provoke the complete death of the plant.

    You can plant a crop in any soil, but it does not tolerate saline and waterlogged soil. In the absence of sufficient air, the root system begins to die.

    An elevated, well-lit location on the south side is ideal for planting, which should also be protected from the wind.

    The tree should not be planted too close to other plants or tall buildings as they will block out the sun. The optimal distance is at least 3 m.

    How peach blossoms

    Peach flowers are actinomorphic, goblet in shape. Do not exceed 5 mm in diameter; mostly single, but sometimes paired; consist of 5 petals.

    How the peach blossoms can be seen in the photo.

    Pink, red and white flowers, sessile or in small bunches, open before the leaves. There are decorative varieties with striped and double flowers.

    The duration of peach blossom is 2 weeks, however, with severe drought and heat, this time is reduced to 2 - 3 days.

    Tip! The peach is cross-pollinated, so it just needs a partner. When planting, it is recommended to use several different varieties.

    Peach yield

    Peaches are characterized by high yield. Depending on the variety, from 30 to 60 kg of fruits are harvested from one tree under optimal growing conditions.

    Variety

    Yield (kg)

    Tip! To prolong the fruiting period of a tree, it is necessary to make pruning that helps rejuvenate the plant.

    Where peaches grow in Russia

    Peach trees are actively cultivated in the south in regions with warm winters: in the Krasnodar Territory, Dagestan, Crimea and the Caucasus.

    Those regions are suitable for growing this crop, in which from June to September the air temperature does not fall below +24 o C. And in winter - below -10 o C. At a temperature of -25 o C the tree dies.

    However, gardeners grow peaches in the Moscow Region as well. In this case, the best time for planting is the beginning of spring. Trimming the plant to the shape of a shrub allows you to achieve a higher yield.

    Peaches growing in central Russia must be covered for the winter with air structures made of foam plastic or expanded polystyrene.

    Varieties with high winter hardiness are suitable for growing peaches in the Moscow region, Moscow and Central Russia:

    • Early Kyiv;
    • Red-cheeked;
    • Cardinal;
    • Redhaven;
    • Collins;
    • Kremlin.

    What are the most delicious peaches

    When choosing a variety for planting, it is also important to start from the desired taste. Below are the 5 most delicious, according to professional gardeners, varieties.

    Collins

    This is an early maturing variety with large yellow-red fruits. Their average weight reaches 150 g. The pulp tastes sweet, with a slight sourness.

    The Collins variety is famous for its high yield. Therefore, so that the branches do not break under the weight of massive fruits, it is important to remove ripe fruits in time.

    The culture tolerates frost well, is immune to powdery mildew and curl. Needs regular feeding, abundant watering and pruning.

    Early Kyiv

    An early variety often grown by summer residents in the Crimea and other regions with a warm spring climate. Gives very juicy, tasty yellow-pink fruits weighing 80 - 100 g.

    Plants have a high yield, are resistant to clasterosporosis and powdery mildew. Do not tolerate excessive moisture or dryness of the soil.

    Redhaven

    Redhaven is another early maturing variety that adapts to changing climate conditions. Perfectly is suitable both for private, and for industrial breeding.

    The fruits are large, weighing 150 - 170 g. The color is closer to orange-gold, there are red blotches on the skin. The flesh is yellow, delicate in taste, with a pronounced smell.

    The variety is resistant to frost and curl, but with improper care it is susceptible to fungal attack. To avoid such problems, it is important to carry out feeding and disease prevention in time.

    Cardinal

    Cardinal peaches of medium size, weight 100 - 150 g, slightly flattened laterally. The skin is yellow with a carmine blush. Pulp with a fragrant smell. The fruits have high palatability and have a score of 5 points on the main tasting scale.

    This variety does not tolerate frost well and needs special care. It is resistant to powdery mildew.

    Kremlevsky

    A popular variety that adapts well to any conditions. The fruits themselves are orange-yellow with ruddy red patches, weighing up to 200 g. They have a unique sweet taste and delicate aroma.

    Kremlin peaches are immune to most diseases and are characterized by high winter hardiness, which makes it possible to grow them in regions with a cool climate. The tree does not like waterlogging of the soil, so watering is important to carefully control. Landing in elevated areas is recommended.

    When the peach season starts in Russia

    The ripening season for early varieties of peaches in the Crimea begins in mid-June. In the Middle lane, the peach season begins in August or September.

    Important! The main period for harvesting peaches throughout Russia falls at the end of July, August and the beginning of September. With the onset of October, the yield begins to drop sharply.

    Is it possible to pick peaches unripe

    Fruit can be picked from the branches and unripe, in this form they are more rigid. This is especially true if they need to be transported in the future: soft, ripe fruits may be damaged during transportation. In the presence of damage, the product deteriorates in 2 to 3 days.

    If it is planned to transport under chilled conditions, it is recommended to remove the fruits no later than 5 days before full ripening.

    The disadvantage of early harvesting is wrinkling of the fruit skin.

    How to make peaches ripen at home

    Unripe fruits can easily ripen at home. There are several ways to do this:

    1. Unripe peaches should be laid out on flat plates or trays and left for 3 to 5 days at room temperature.
    2. Put them in a paper bag along with an apple or banana. Leave to ripen at room temperature for a day. Check and, if necessary, increase the time.
    3. Wrap the peaches in a linen napkin for a juicier fruit. Aging in this way will take several days.

    What can be done with unripe peaches

    Unripe fruits can be used immediately. They make delicious peach jam for the winter. Compotes and jams are also made from them.

    Tip! When making jam, unripe fruits are pre-boiled in water so that they give more juice.

    Unripe peaches are also used in the preparation of second courses. Together with them, you can bake chicken, duck, pork, make pizza, fish soup or pilaf. In baking, they are used as a filling for various desserts and pies.

    How to store peaches

    Only firm, undamaged fruits can be stored for a long time. Ideal temperature - 0 o C. It corresponds to the temperature in the refrigerator in the vegetable compartment. A cellar or basement is also suitable. In such conditions, peaches can be stored for a whole month.

    The higher the temperature, the less time the fruit stays fresh. Fruit can be kept at room temperature for up to 5 days.

    Important! Storage in plastic bags is not recommended.

    Conclusion

    An amazing peach tree, photos of its flowering and fruits only once again confirm this. There are few plants that can compare with it in beauty and taste of fruits. It is not for nothing that since ancient times, the comparison with a peach was considered the highest praise for girls.

    How to grow a hardy peach in your garden

    For many decades, advanced amateur gardeners from the central and northern regions of Russia have tried to grow peach on their plots. After all, heat-loving apricots grow there despite the harsh winters! And they bear fruit well.

    However, all attempts to “northernize” the capricious southern peach culture did not lead to anything. Seedlings brought from the south and young sprouts obtained from seeds froze in the first winter despite the warm shelter.

    Breeders from different countries have been trying for many years to develop frost-resistant forms of peach that could be grown not only in the southern, but also in the temperate climate of the northern latitudes.

    And in the end they succeeded! Therefore, today we congratulate all amateur gardeners on the unique opportunity to grow this amazing culture on their site with tasty and very healthy fruits.

    Modern varieties of northern peach withstand winter frosts down to -25…-28 degrees, have increased resistance to stone fruit diseases and give high yields of very large and absolutely delicious sweet, juicy and tender fruits.

    In this article we will tell you about the history of peach cultivars, about the beneficial properties of its fruits, and most importantly, we will explain how to properly plant and grow a frost-resistant peach in your garden.

    FROST-RESISTANT PEACH: A LITTLE HISTORY

    According to ancient chronicles (dated more than 3 thousand years ago), the birthplace of peach is China. During the period of the great migration of peoples at the beginning of a new era, the peach comes to Persia, and from there to Ancient Greece and Egypt, and then to Italy.

    From there it quickly spreads throughout Southern Europe, Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Crimea. They called it then the "Persian apple", mistakenly believing that it comes from Persia.

    Today, cultivated peach plantings in southern Europe rank third among all fruit plantations.

    In Russia, peach is grown in the Caucasus, in the Crimea, in the south of the Rostov region.

    And frost-resistant varieties of peach already feel great in the middle lane, in the Southern Urals, in Southern Siberia and the Far East.

    FROST-RESISTANT PEACH: A BIOLOGICAL PORTRAIT

    The peach belongs to the Rosaceae family of the Plum genus and is a close relative of the almond.

    The height of trees of southern varieties can reach 8 - 9 m, but northern peaches in growth are recommended to be limited to a height of 3 - 4 m. Some gardeners form plants in the form of a multi-stemmed shrub. This allows hardy peaches to better endure the winter cold.

    In general, the peach is not a self-fertile or partially self-fertile crop. However, most of the northern varieties, through the efforts of breeders, turned out to be partially or completely self-fertile. But this does not mean that you should limit yourself to planting one tree.

    We recommend that you plant at least two or even three peaches. Then the yields on them will be much higher.

    The root system of a peach is highly branched, but shallow (located no deeper than 50 cm from the ground). Therefore, for the winter, it requires very careful shelter.

    Peach blossom begins in May and lasts a little over two weeks. This is a very beautiful sight. Its flowers are pale pink with a brighter color closer to the center. Fruiting of early varieties begins in late July - early August.

    The fruits are large (weighing up to 500 g), yellow with a pink side, orange, red, covered with a delicate velvety skin. Their flesh is sweet, tender, juicy and very fragrant.

    Peaches can be round, elongated or flattened in shape.

    As a rule, peach begins to bear fruit in the fourth year. The lifespan of a tree is 20-30 years. It can be extended with anti-aging pruning.

    USEFUL PROPERTIES OF FROST-RESISTANT PEACH

    Peach fruits are not only tasty, but also very healthy. They contain: vitamins - A, B1, B2, B6, B9, B12, C, D, E, K; useful substances - carotene, pectins, fructose, fiber, antioxidants, flavonoids, natural acids, lutein; salts - potassium, calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, copper.

    Regular consumption of peach fruits helps stabilize blood pressure, sugar, bilirubin and uric acid in the blood, improves lipid metabolism, normalizes metabolism, strengthens the vascular system, replenishes the deficiency of vitamins and nutrients in the body.

    HOW TO GROW A FROST-RESISTANT PEACH

    Site selection . Choosing a place to grow peach is of paramount importance.

    Remember that peach does not tolerate cold winds and even weak drafts. This culture needs maximum sunlight throughout the daylight hours.

    Plants should be on some elevation in relation to the rest of the terrain in your area. Any flooding with melt or rainwater can be fatal for a gentle southerner, even northern by breeders.

    Based on these conditions, look for a site where your peach trees will grow.

    It is best to plant them near the southern wall of the house on a slight slope or mound. At the same time, try to protect the plants from the sides with some simple wattle-type structures, the height of which will be commensurate with the height of the plants themselves.

    When planting near a house, garage or other structure, the distance from it to the seedling must be at least 3 m, so that water or snow from the roof does not kill young plants.

    Soils. Peach likes fertile, light, loose, well-permeable soils with a neutral or even slightly alkaline reaction. (pH 7.0 - 7.5).

    Peach will not grow on acidic and heavy clay soils. These need to be structured in advance with sand, compost and leafy soil (2 buckets per 1 sq. M of plantings) and deoxidized with dolomite flour (2 kg per 5 sq. M).

    Landing. Peach can be planted only in spring - in late April - early May (weather permitting). During the autumn planting, he will not have time to take root and adapt normally in a new place, and will probably die in the very first winter.

    Dig planting holes with a depth and diameter of 60 cm at a distance of 3.5 m from each other and from other fruit crops.

    Remove all mother soil and replace it with a specially prepared potting mix composed of topsoil, sand, rotted manure or compost and leafy soil in a ratio of 1:2:2:1.

    Before filling the planting holes, lay a drain of broken bricks or crushed stone on the bottom. It is best to use limestone crushed stone, which is now imported from the southern regions of Russia.

    If you use broken bricks or ordinary crushed stone, add crushed chalk or dolomite flour to it (in a ratio of 1:4).

    Drive a 2 m high planting stake into the center of the pit, to which, after planting, you will tie the seedling so that it does not break in winter from the snow load.

    Then fill the holes halfway and start planting. In each hole, add 2 tbsp. spoons of double superphosphate, 1.5 tbsp. spoons of potassium magnesia and a liter jar of wood ash.

    The root collars of seedlings after planting must be strictly at ground level.

    Water the planted seedlings well and mulch the tree trunks with straw or hay in a layer of 5-6 cm.

    Watering . Recently, the climate in our country has become noticeably warmer. In summer, the thermometers in some central and northern regions of Russia sometimes rose to +45 degrees in the shade.

    Therefore, watering for young plants is of great importance. In dry weather, immediately after planting, water the seedlings 3 times a week (2 watering cans for one peach).

    If the summer is dry, but not hot, you can limit yourself to two waterings per week. But increase the watering rate to 3 watering cans for one plant.

    Start with weekly watering in autumn.

    In the future, two plentiful (60 l per one tree) watering per month is enough for adult peach trees.

    Fertilizers. In the first year, when peach plants received good nutrition during planting, one feeding with slurry (at a concentration of 1:10) in mid-June and autumn feeding with some ready-made mineral complex for autumn feeding of fruit trees will be enough.

    In the spring, as soon as the snow melts, feed your peaches with a solution of urea (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water per plant).

    In May, apply a bucket of rotted manure under each tree with the addition of 2 tbsp. spoons of superphosphate and 1 tbsp. spoons of potassium sulfate. Scatter this fertilizer, and then bury it in the soil using shallow loosening.

    In June, apply half a bucket of wood ash under the peaches, adding 2 tablespoons of some complex mineral fertilizer to it for summer feeding of fruit crops.

    At the beginning of July, feed young trees with a solution of slurry (1:10 ratio).

    Fertilize plantings with a mineral complex in autumn, as in the first year after planting.

    After peaches start fruiting twice during the summer, apply calcium under each tree: either a liter jar of crushed shells, or a solution of calcium chloride (4 tablespoons per 10 liters of water for each peach).

    Peaches need calcium to form a stone in the fruit. If it is not enough, then all the ovaries will fall off.

    Shaping. Before proceeding to the formation of peach , remember that its fruits are formed only on last year's increments!

    Therefore, its shoots must be cut so that new young branches form from the awakened buds.

    However, start shaping the tree by limiting the height of the tree by cutting its central conductor to 3.0 - 3.5 m. It will be easier for you to care for such a plant, and the likelihood of branches freezing in winter will be much reduced.

    In early spring, first sanitary pruning, cutting out all dry, weak, frosted, broken and growing at an angle of less than 40 degrees.

    In addition, shorten the remaining shoots to 4 - 5 buds.

    It is strictly forbidden to cut peaches in summer and autumn!

    Some gardeners grow peaches as a multi-stemmed shrub. In this case, the crown does not have a central conductor, but consists of several trunks.

    Winter shelter . Trunk circles of peaches need to be covered very well so that their roots do not freeze. First, cover them with dry leaves with a layer of 50 - 60 cm, then lay spruce branches “needles up” in two layers on top so that rodents do not get to the delicious wood.


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