How to bonsai a lemon tree
How to Bonsai a Lemon Tree
Bonsai is an ancient Japanese plant art technique that makes normal tree seedlings and turns them into miniature art pieces of nature. The art of bonsai is only achieved by constantly bending, hold down, and cutting the branches. These miniature bonsai trees can maintain their sizes for years and years.
Trees such as cedar, oak, and pine could be the most beautiful Bonsai. But these bonsai can be made into a more stylish version, and it can be any tree or shrub.
For a change, you can try growing a Bonsai tree straight from the seeds, and you can use the common trees that you can see around and readily available anywhere like the citrus fruits. You’ll surely enjoy growing them and be energized just by looking at their glossy leaves and smelling their pleasant aroma.
The lemon tree is a famous citrus that can be quickly grown and turn into a bonsai. The lemon tree is delicate to cold but survives under full sunlight. It can produce vibrant dark green leaves and beautiful fragrant spring flowers.
If they are correctly pruned, these lemon bonsai can produce edible fruit which has the size that is in proportion to the tree and the amazingly has similar qualities like the regular size lemon fruit.
Materials You’ll Need to Create a Bonsai Lemon Tree
These are what you need, and the steps to make these big trees reduced its size to regular house plant size.
The materials you need are the following:
- Any citrus fruit. You can pick from any one of these: Meyer lemons, mandarin oranges, and limes these citrus fruits grow from smaller trees that makes them easier to grow indoors. For ornamental purposes, any citrus plant will do.
Avoid buying the seedless type it is recommended to use organic fruits because they have not been genetically altered.
- Potting soil. A regular soil from your yard will suffice, but if you wanted to see good results you can use pre-packaged potting, it was known that these pre-packed potting will not have weed seedlings and contains the right nutrients and qualities for growing seedlings.
- A 6 to 12 inches deep container or a shallow tray.
- A large size plant pot for indoor use.
- A spot where there is a warm or close to a sunny window or garden.
Image Credit: AliexpressRead More: Bonsai Tree Species Care Guide (A - C)
Step-by-step Procedure on How to Bonsai a Lemon Tree
Step #1: Prepare the Planter
Water the potting soil until it is moist when touched. Place and pack the moist potting soil in the tray. Make sure to leave a space of about a half inch at the rim.
Image Credit: Gardenerdy
Step #2: Grow the Seedlings
Open the lemon fruit and take seeds out. Rinse the seeds with clean water to remove excess fruit pulp or juice. It is done to avoid mold or fungi to foster.
Make sure that the seeds are still moist or wet before planting them in the half inch deep pre-moistened soil. Place them at least 2 inches apart. Cover it with plastic, make sure to keep them warm and moist.
You can use a garbage bag or better use a cling-wrap then poke the plastic to make holes for air circulation.Read More: Bonsai Tree Species Care Guide (D - J)
Step #3: Select the Seedling Correctly
Put the tray in a warm place. In 2 weeks, the sprouts will start to appear. You can now remove the plastic cover then place the container in a spot where it can be exposed to the sunlight for most of the day.
Remember to keep the soil moist all the time but do not flood it with water.
After a month, check the seedlings and uproot the weak ones. In this way, the nutrients can be used by the remaining seedlings which are more likely to survive.
After two months, the seedlings have already grown a few inches in heights, and you can now select the seedlings that you will grow into a bonsai.
Step #4: Start to Plant
Choose a suitable ornamental plant pot to house the new lemon Bonsai. Put 2 inches high of small pebbles at the bottom of the pot to help in the drainage system. Fill the pot with potting soil and make sure to leave one inch of space from the rim.
Dig up the seedling carefully and avoid damaging the roots, and then re-plant them seedling in the larger pot. You can add rocks, some pebbles or pieces of wood to have an artistic touch like a landscape effect. Place the pot near a sunny window or the best view in your garden.Read More: Bonsai Tree Species Care Guide (L - W)
Step #5: Begin the Training
After one year, the seedling is now big enough to be trained or bent into your desired shape. You can also use a metal wire, but it should be done with extra care.
Carefully wrapped the metal wire around the trunk or the branch to bend them or you can weigh them down with string or use elastic bands to affect their growth.
In this way, the seedling will grow according to the force applied against it thus producing an artistic shape.
Step #6: Pruning
Wait six months after the training, prune or cut the top two leaves of your lemon Bonsai. Doing so will encourage the tree to branch and grow out, rather than grow up.
Monitor the seedling’s shape as it grows, trim outer leaves as needed, again encouraging them to branch out. To make the Bonsai grow in your desired twisted shape add stress to the main trunk of the tree and see to it that the branches are not growing longer than what you desire.
Make sure to leave at least two leaves on a branch so that it will not die and to prune the Bonsai tree at least every six months to keep its natural look and small stature.
If nature will permit you might see your lemon Bonsai bear fruit but other than that you will enjoy an amazingly vibrant and lush green miniature lemon tree plus its pleasant scent of lemon.
Image Credit: Pinterest
In a natural setting, once a lemon tree reached maturity, it can grow as high as 20 feet. It has beautiful green foliage and fragrant white flowers plus citric yellow fruit. A lemon bonsai keeps its characteristics only in a smaller version. Lemon bonsais are not the same as dwarf lemon trees, but they somewhat normal sized trees but grown in their miniature versions.Read More: Types of Bonsai Trees
How To Plant A Bonsai Lemon Tree ( A Beginner's Guide)
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So now that I have been growing bonsai trees for 3 years, I want to start branching out (pun most definitely included) into some other varieties. One species I’ve always wanted to experiment with is Lemon tree bonsai. So how exactly do you plant a bonsai Lemon tree?
To plant a bonsai Lemon tree, remove the seeds from a Lemon, removing any mulch in the process. Ensure your seeds are wet. Then place in a pre-moistened potting soil mix of akadama, volcanic ash rock, and pumice. Place the seed half an inch deep and cover with topsoil.
Water and care for the seeds and after a year, training can begin.
So what is the exact step-by-step process if you want to plant a bonsai Lemon tree? And how exactly do you care for a planted bonsai Lemon tree? Keep reading to find out more!How To Plant A Bonsai Lemon Tree
As the summer approaches, I’ve noticed a large increase in the number of people who are interested in adding fruiting bonsai trees to their collections.
With an estimated 30 different varieties of Lemons, citrus bonsai-like Lemon trees are surging in popularity.
As such, I decided to start growing one of these trees myself.
So I scoured the web, visited a few bonsai experts, and even got in touch with my local botanical gardens to find out exactly how to plant a bonsai Lemon tree.
- Lemon trees can be successfully grown both from cuttings and seeds into bonsai Lemon trees.
- The seeds typically require warmer conditions – typically a minimum temperature of 50 to 55 degrees F (10 to 13 degrees Celsius) at night is required to grow these trees.
- Lemon tree bonsai however can be successfully grown in hardier climates like the UK and the East Coast of the USA by bringing them indoors during the winter.
- Lemon tree bonsai are very easy to grow and can be grown both in organic soil such as soil-based compost or grown in inorganic bonsai soil such as a mix of akadama, volcanic ash rock, and pumice.
- To grow, ensure that the topsoil is moist and your seeds are moist, dry Lemon seeds or cuttings will not grow.
- Place your seed half an inch in the potting soil and cover.
- After about 1 month your bonsai Lemon tree seed will have sprouted and you should start to see new growth.
- It will then take between 3 and 5 years for these seeds to reach mature bonsai trees that you can then train.
- Fruit too can start to be expected in 3 to 5 years.
Lemon Tree Bonsai
Water once per day in the spring and summer, checking if the soil is dry to touch. Water twice per week in winter. Avoid lime or Lemon water
6-8 hours of direct sunlight in the summer months. Move into the shade at the hottest part of the day.
A minimum night temperature of 50 degrees (10 C) is required. Do not exceed temperatures of 90 degrees which can burn the bonsai Lemon tree.
Fertilize once every two weeks in the spring and summer. Fertilize once per month in the winter, Fertilizing can also be avoided in winter.
Every 2-to-3 years
Outdoors in the spring and summer can be moved indoors in the winter or when temperatures drop too low.
Coniferous (leaves do not fall off during winter) - Citrus species.
Both Copper and Aluminum
Time to mature from seed
3 to 5 years
Both Inorganic mixes like akadama and volcanic ash rock and organic mixes such as peat and soil based compost can be used.
Fast - adding 12 to 36 inches of growth per year
One to two-hand, most do not exceed 1.5 metered if grown in a pot.
50 to 100 years, longer if bonsai has been maintained correctly.
So now we know that you can plant a bonsai Lemon tree, what will you need to successfully grow your tree?
The following list should help:
- Lemon seeds or Lemon tree cuttings
- Potting soil (either organic or inorganic)
- Plastic wallets, paper towels, or sphagnum moss (optional) – used for stratification if need be.
- Bonsai pot – For when you repot your Lemon bonsai tree after its first year. Yogurt pots work well in the first instance
- Propagator (optional)
- Copper wire – used later on in the growth of your tree to train your bonsai
- Bonsai tools – cutters, shears, and blades will all be used later on in your Lemon bonsai trees life to train and style your tree.
- Artificial light – if you live in a cold climate and keep your Lemon tree indoors
- A fleece – In case the summer temperature drops below the minimum requirements for a few days – will prevent you from moving your planted Lemon bonsai tree prematurely.
So let’s break down the exact step-by-step process of how exactly you plant a bonsai Lemon tree.Decide on the size and style of your Lemon bonsai
First up when comes to planting bonsai is a step that all too often people miss.
Heck, it was a step I missed!
But trust me when I say doing this, will save you a lot of heartbreak down the line.
Take 30 minutes to describe how big you want your tree to grow.
Bonsai trees are typically categorized in different size classifications.
If you want your Lemon bonsai tree to compete, then having an idea of the ideal size of your tree is worth noting at this early stage.
With the Lemon tree being a fast-growing bonsai tree, getting to grips with the size of your tree will just streamline this process.The style of your tree
Whilst the size of your tree is one thing, another major component people forget when growing bonsai is the style of their trees.
Bonsai trees and Lemon bonsai in particular come in a wide variety of styles such as cascade semi-cascade and sumo to name a few.
Each of these will need to be trained and shaped in its unique way, often requiring years of work to achieve.
Deciding on the rough style you want your Lemon tree to look like early on will save you a lot of time later on in the training process.
I like to do this by drawing up a rough design on paperThe type of Lemon tree
Lemon trees come in over 30 varieties, some of which harvest and grow at different times of the year.
The shape, color, and style of the Lemons they produce will vary and so it is important to take note of the exact species of bonsai Lemon tree you want to grow before investing in seeds.Ensure it’s the right time of year
So before you plant your bonsai Lemon tree either from a seed or cutting you need to take into account one major consideration.
The time of year.
Lemon bonsai trees tend to thrive in bright warm outdoor conditions and can be placed outdoors during warmer temperatures – typically from Mid June until late September.
This then has a knock-on effect in terms of the time of year you plant your bonsai Lemon tree seeds.What is the best time of year to plant bonsai Lemon tree seeds?
The best time of year to plant bonsai Lemon tree seeds will be Mid-April if you live in a hardy climate that only gets warm during the summer. If you live in a warmer climate or are keeping your Lemon tree indoors, seeds can be planted at any time of the year.Seed vs cuttings
Next up you need to decide if you want to plant your Lemon bonsai from seed or a cutting.
Typically there are 3 main ways you can grow your bonsai:
- From a seed from a Lemon
- Buying Lemon seeds
Each of these has its pros and cons.Growing from a seed from a Lemon
My favorite, the easiest, and the method most of you will be following will be to grow your Lemon bonsai will grow your seeds from an existing Lemon.
Regardless of whether you are using the seeds from your local supermarket Lemons or another Lemon tree, this is a very easy method.
Simply remove the mulch, keep your seeds moist and you should be good to go.
The main benefit of this method is that it is extremely cost-effective as all you will be paying for is the price of a Lemon.
The only downside to this method is the variety of Lemon seeds, with most of you only being able to find species that are stocked by your local supermarkets and won’t be able to grow out any of the rarer varieties.Buying Lemon seeds
Another option is to simply buy your Lemon tree seeds, either for a reputable retailer or online via Amazon.
The main benefit of doing so is that this will expand the types and varieties of Lemon trees you can grow, allowing your bonsai to stand out from other Lemon tree bonsai.
This however can be costly with increased import fees.
Stratification may also be required if you are using tropical types of Lemons that are grown and harvested at different times of the year.Using a cutting
Finally, if you are in a rush and want a Lemon bonsai in as short a space as possible, then consider using a cutting.
Cuttings will allow you to grow a bonsai tree in a very short period, with a lot of the growth that is needed in your Lemon tree’s first few months already taken care of.
The only downside to this is that using cuttings can be a little bit more difficult as a beginner than just planting from seed.Prepare your seeds
So now the background to plating a bonsai Lemon tree has been completed, it’s time to start growing your tree.
Let’s start by growing your bonsai Lemon tree using seeds.
Most of you however will want to use seeds from an existing Lemon.
To do so, first, cut your Lemon in half on a chopping board.
Then, remove any seeds that are small, shriveled, damaged, or cut, these seeds will not germinate.The seeds on the left are healthy, the seed on the right needs to be removed.
Place the Lemon seeds in a jug with water for 48 hours.
The seeds that sink to the bottom will be the ones you will use to grow, the other seeds will not germinate.All three of these seeds have sunk to the bottom meaning they all can be used.
Next, we need to remove the outer excess from the seeds that would usually get washed away from the lemon acid.
To do this then thoroughly wash the seeds of your Lemon seeds until the lemon taste has gone.
Now place your seed in a cup of water – do not let your seed dry out until you are ready to plant.Do I need to stratify my bonsai Lemon tree seeds
Most Lemon seeds do not need to be stratified. This is because the majority of seeds used for Lemon bonsai are commonly locally sourced. Lemon seeds imported or purchased online may need to be stratified.
If then you need to stratify your Lemon seeds, it’s a fairly straightforward process.
Simply place your wet Lemon seeds in a plastic bag or box with a damp paper towel or sphagnum moss.
Keep in a cold space such as a fridge, anywhere from 2 weeks to three months, and your seeds will start to germinate.Gather your potting soil
Next up, it’s time to prepare your bonsai Lemon tree potting soil.
One of the good things about Lemon and citrus trees, in general, is that when it comes to soil. They are fairly flexible.
Both organic and inorganic soil mixes work well then when planting bonsai Lemon trees.
Place your potting soil in a tray
For an inorganic soil mix, I would use a mix of 33% akadama, 33% volcanic ash rock, and 30% pumice or other grit.
For an organic mix, consider using a mix of 80% peat compost or another generic good compost medium with 20% grit such as pumice.
Next up, we need to gather your pots together.
Whilst you can place your seeds in individual terracotta or bonsai pots right away, in the first instance, I would place all of your seeds in a potting tray for seedlings like this one – the link takes you to Amazon
This is because not all of your seeds will not sprout, only about 20% of your Lemon seed will germinate.
To give your seeds the best chance of growing into Lemon trees use a tray.
Pour your preferred soil mix into your tray so that you have a nice even covering of soil.
Then using your finger make holes that are half an inch deep.Plant your seeds
The moment you have all been waiting for… it’s time to plant your seeds!
To do so, ensure that your seeds are still wet (it’s why we kept them in water whilst we were sorting out our soil and tray)
Then gently place them in the holes and cover them with the remaining topsoil.How many seeds should I plant?
As a rule of thumb, you want to plant as many seeds as possible in your plating tray.
This is because not all of the seeds will sprout into seedlings.
The more seeds you plant, the better your chances of growing a Lemon bonsai tree from seed.Keep in a propagator
Whilst you can move your tray into position ( a bright warm sunny spot in your garden – just ensure you cover it with plastic to keep them moist ), one additional step I would take is to keep your Lemon seeds in a propagator.
Lemon needs warmer temperatures to thrive and this is especially the case in the first few weeks of planting your Lemon bonsai tree.
Using a propagator during this time will allow you to control the direct temperature and moisture levels that your seeds will need to grow.
Just ensure that you provide your seeds with enough direct sunlight and water during these first few weeks.
Lemon seeds will typically take 14 to 50 days to germinate.
Once you see new growth, you can remove the propagator and move your potting tray to a bright sunny spot for about 2 weeks.
This will help strengthen your seedling into the next step.Move your Lemon bonsai into their pots
So after a few weeks in the propagator, your seeds will have turned into seedlings and will be strong enough to start growing in their pot.
Carefully remove your seedling from the potting tray and place it in a pot that has enough drainage holes for one year worth of growth.
Personally, for Lemon bonsai, I like to use terracotta pots that are easy to move as it is likely in winter you will need to move these trees indoors.
Place your potting soil in your new pot.
Make a half an inch indent with your finger and place your seedling in the indentation.
Then cover with potting soil.
Ensure you use fresh soil/potting mix for the new pot.
Then move your pot into a bright sunny spot in your garden.
Ensure that the temperatures do not drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Should temperatures drop below this in the summer then cover with fleece.
As fall and winter approaches and temperatures drop below this consistently, move indoors into a bright spot (with a grow light if needed).
Do not keep your Lemon bonsai outdoors in cold climates.Grow your Lemon bonsai
So for the next 3 to 5 years, all you will be focusing on is growing your Lemon bonsai through good aftercare.
To do so, ensure you provide your tree with enough sunlight, and water when the topsoil is dry.
Fertilize regularly and check for signs of insect infestation – we will go into more detail on this.
As Lemon trees are very fast growing you will need to repot your Lemon tree frequently. You can find out more on how to do this every 2 years or so here.Train your Lemon bonsai
So, after 3 to 5 years or so, your Lemon tree will have matured, it will however not look like a bonsai tree.
At this stage then training will be required to transform your Lemon tree into a bonsai Lemon tree.
This will typically consist of doing the following:
- Developing the trunk of your tree – through growing out sacrifice branches, trunk bending, and trunk chopping
- Wiring the tree – to create movement in the branches of your tree forcing your tree to grow in a certain direction
- Deadwood techniques – help to add style and flair and make your bonsai look older than it seems.
- Prune your tree – Doing things like defoliating your tree can help create a denser thicker leaf canopy and a more aesthetically pleasing tree. This will help your tree keep its silhouette helping you achieve specific bonsai tree styles like a cascade style.
Just keep in mind that it will take a few years of repotting, pruning, and training before you will get a Lemon bonsai tree that you are happy with however with a little bit of hard work, it can be achieved.Plant a bonsai Lemon tree from a cutting
As mentioned earlier, if you want to speed up the process of growing a Lemon bonsai tree, consider growing via a cutting.
The general process is a little different and so I’ve written a post on it here but to summarize:
- Remove the branch from an existing Lemon tree bonsai, ensuring you make the cutting at a 45-degree angle.
- Peel back the cambium until the inner wood is on display
- Gently place the bench in a pot or container filled with water – ensuring the inner wood is submerged. (using root hormone can help)
- After three to four weeks, new roots will have started to grow on the branch.
- You can then place it in a pot as you have done for the seedlings.
So now you know how to plant a bonsai Lemon tree, what are the care tips you will need to follow to grow your planted bonsai Lemon tree successfully?
Hopefully, the answers below will help shed some light:Water requirements for bonsai Lemon tree?
Lemon bonsai tree should be watered when the topsoil is dry to the touch. During the summer topsoil should be checked 3 times per day to prevent soil from drying out. Watering once per day in the spring, summer, and fall and once per week in the winter will work for most trees.
Using rainwater and avoiding tap water can prove beneficial to prevent the soil ph from changing.Sunlight requirements for bonsai Lemon trees
Lemon bonsai trees require a lot of sunlight and grow best when exposed to 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight every day. Lemon bonsai can be moved in the shade during the hottest days in the summer when temperatures exceed 90 degrees F to prevent burning and sunscalding.
During the fall/winter and cooler springs, Lemon bonsai can be moved indoors, just ensure they are placed near a large window or you use an artificial grow light to ensure your tree gets enough light.Temperature requirements for bonsai Lemon tree
Lemon bonsai trees perform best in temperatures between 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 Celsius) and 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 Celsius). Should temperatures drop below 50 Fahrenheit at night, you will need to move your bonsai indoors.
If temperatures exceed 90 can cause burning and sunscald in citrus fruits trees such as Lemon bonsaiWhere to place my bonsai Lemon tree?
Bonsai Lemon trees perform best when placed outdoors, in bright, sunny warm conditions. Should temperatures drop below 50 Fahrenight overnight, they should be placed indoors. If growing indoors, maintain a consistent temperature and provide ample light through windows or grow lights.How often should I fertilize my bonsai Lemon tree?
Lemon tree bonsai should be fertilized once every two weeks in the spring and summer and once per month in the fall/winter. Specialist liquid fertilizer for citrus trees will yield the best results.What pests attack Lemon bonsai trees?
Spider-mites, Aphids, Scale, Mealybugs, Caterpillars, and vine weaves will all commonly attack Lemon bonsai tres if kept outdoors in warm conditions without a lot of sunlight.
To counter, either use natural pesticides such as wasps or ladybugs to attack these insects, blast with water, or use pesticides such as liquid soap or neem oil to remove.
To read up more on how to stop pests such as Aphids, Scale, Spider-Mites, and Caterpillars, read up my post on removing bugs here.How long does it take to grow a planted Lemon tree bonsai
Bonsai Lemon trees will take 5 to 15 years to grow when planted from seed into a Lemon bonsai that produces fruit. These trees can start to be trained after one year. You can then expect fruit to start appearing on your tree from year 5 onwards.
The more complex your design and the style of the bonsai tree the more time it will take.How fast-growing are Lemon bonsai trees?
Lemon bonsai trees are very fast-growing and can add between 12 and 36 inches of growth in one year. Regular pruning will be required to maintain a small-sized, one or two-handed bonsai tree. These trees then will typically reach maturity, with fruit in 5 to 15 years.Are they beginner friendly?
Lemon bonsai trees are not beginner-friendly due to needing a lot of light and heat to grow. They can usually only be grown indoors with ample heat and light equipment.
Lemon bonsai however are amongst the easiest citrus tree to grow and have been cultivated by many living in cooler, darker climates.How long does it take for fruit to start appearing?
It will typically take 3 to 5 years for Lemon to start appearing on your Lemon bonsai tree. The first 1 to 5 years of your Lemon bonsai trees life will be spent maturing. Some Lemon bonsai trees have not produced fruit for 15 years.How long do Lemon bonsai trees live?
Most Lemon bonsai trees will live between 50 and 100 years. If cared for correctly, Lemon bonsai can live for up to 200 years. Lemon bonsai trees will live longer than traditional Lemon trees which have an average lifespan of 50 years.Survey on planting Lemon tree bonsai
Finally, I wanted to finish up by asking 20 Plant Paladin readers who own Lemon bonsai trees if growing a Lemon bonsai tree is easy.
You can find the results below:
This post was written by Fehed Nicass who has been passionate about bonsai for over 3 years. He currently resides in the UK and works in sales.
How to grow bonsai from lemon tree
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Bonsai is an ancient technique for growing small trees in the home conditions. To make the plant beautiful, you need to make an effort and follow certain rules. Any trees are suitable for bonsai, but unpretentious ones that can withstand frequent pruning are more often used. Popular for this is the lemon tree. It grows well at home and even bears fruit. It has bright green leaves and beautiful fragrant flowers.
What you need to grow
Lemons can be grown from seeds or bought as a young plant. Undersized varieties are suitable for the formation of bonsai: Mayer, Pavlovsky, Lisbon, Kyiv, Novogruzinsky. They are best suited for indoor growing. Trees of these varieties are undersized, have strong shoots and bear fruit well.
When growing a lemon from seeds, it takes several years to get a beautiful tree. Seeds are planted in January. You need to find a suitable low capacity and good soil. It should consist of garden soil, peat and coarse sand. You will need a low container with drainage holes. They are covered with a mesh and a layer of drainage is poured. It must be at least 20%.
Plant several seeds at once. When the first leaves appear, they are seated in separate pots. During the year, you can not feed the plants and do not highlight additionally. This will help you select the most viable bonsai seedlings.
What conditions a tree needs
Lemon is a tropical tree, it needs certain conditions.
You need to choose the right place. The lemon tree loves heat, it needs a lot of sun. With a lack of lighting, the plant will stretch, the leaves may turn yellow. Therefore, in winter it is recommended to highlight it with lamps.
Watering should be regular. The soil must not be allowed to dry out. Watering is limited only in the winter dormant period. The rest of the time, you should not be afraid to flood the plant - after all, the pot has good drainage, but moisture should not stagnate in the stand. Tap water is not suitable for lemon. If it is not possible to water rain, it must be defended in the sun for a day or cleaned with peat. Water for irrigation should be warm, do not forget about irrigating the leaves.
For the normal growth and development of the plant, fertilizers must be applied. Bonsai is grown in a small container, so regular top dressing is necessary. It is better to choose liquid fertilizers specifically for citrus fruits, they should contain nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Top dressing is applied every month, except for the period of winter dormancy.
The formation of the crown is carried out by pruning. This helps to give the tree a certain shape and stimulates the growth of new shoots. To do this, the trunk is cut off above the upper branch, and the shoots are shortened to 20 cm. It is important to ensure that at least 2 leaves remain on the branch. Lemon also responds well to wire garter. In order for the crown to form evenly, the tree is periodically turned to the sun with the other side.
The tree is replanted every 2-4 years. This is necessary in order to change the soil and properly form the root system. It is recommended to transplant in the middle of summer. The tree is pulled out, rotten, dried up roots are cut off and placed in new soil. It is not recommended to cut more than a quarter of the roots.
Getting a beautiful lemon bonsai is easy, the main thing is to follow all the rules of care. Then the tree will not only decorate the interior, but will also bring useful fragrant fruits.
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What conditions and varieties are needed for cultivation, how to plant and properly care whether a dwarf is obtained a tree, as well as diseases and harmless expert
Watering Fertilizers as Is it correct to transplant into a large pot?
What kind of home conditions are needed?
Before you start growing, you need to conduct an objective assessment of your home. For example, if the windows in the house are located exclusively on the north side, then it is not recommended to take on the cultivation of such a demanding plant. Lemon is a heat-loving plant and needs additional illumination with lamps in the winter season, even from the southern windows.
Suitable citrus varieties
Low growing lemon varieties are suitable for bonsai . This is:
- Genoa Short;
Mayer lemon is the most popular because it ripens quickly and can stretch high. Pavlovsky lemon is also popular, as it is great for indoor cultivation.
Its fruits are sour and the skin is thin. The Kyiv variety brings rather large fruits, and the Novogruzinsky demonstrates a pronounced aroma. the Genoa tree will be short in stature, but bears fruit very well. Libson can reach 2 meters in length and is distinguished by strong shoots and a dense trunk.
How to get lemon seeds? Everything is very simple. You need to go to a place where lemon fruits are sold. Buy several types, and then choose the seeds of the fruits you like. Many might think that if you get the seeds in this way, then only a "wild" will grow out of them.
In fact, wild forms of citrus plants have not existed on the planet for a very long time . These are fully cultivated plants and do not behave in the same way as apples, plums, pears, etc.
Growing and care
Seeds should be sown in January. It is necessary to first water the soil abundantly, and then introduce the seeds to a depth of 1 cm. To create a favorable area for the development of the root system, it is necessary to mix in equal shares:
- garden soil;
- coarse sand.
You will be able to see seedlings after 30 days, if all conditions are met. When the first pair of leaves appears, they must be seated in different glasses. It is very important not to deepen the root collar. In the first year, the tree can be kept without providing additional lighting, top dressing and regular spraying. So, you can find the most viable of all shoots.
Pay attention to those who have started branching while still 10-15 cm long. Most likely, these are the trees that will bring the maximum yield. It is worth knowing that lemons need wintering during the period when flower buds begin to develop on mature shoots.
It is desirable to observe the temperature regime from +5º to -10º . This problem is solved by expanding the window sill. Here you have to figure out how to isolate the pot with a tree from the heat in the room. For this, polyethylene film is often used.
Lemon is a sun-loving plant, therefore it will bring a big harvest if you place it in the brightest part of the house. In summer, you can keep the composition outside, as citrus fruits love the heat. But, if the temperature drops to 5ºС at night, then the plant should be taken indoors and placed on the windowsill.
Citrus fruits are very picky about water , as this liquid is a carrier of both beneficial and harmful components. Therefore, water for irrigation should be given special attention. If it is not possible to use rain and snow water, then the quality of tap water will have to be improved.
The latter is very harmful to citrus fruits because of its high content of lime and chlorine. Regular use of such water will lead to the formation of salt deposits and other minerals that lead to the occurrence of diseases. Therefore, before use, it is necessary to clean tap water.
- Heat up a container of water and leave for a day in the fresh air.
- Leave the water in a wide-mouth container in the sun for 24 hours.
- Boil water and cool.
- Infuse raw water. After that, introduce citric acid in the proportions of 1g / 6 l, as well as vinegar at the rate of 5 drops / 1 l.
- Add high-moor peat to water and infuse for 24 hours. 200 gr. peat for 3 liters. liquids.
By choosing one of the water purification methods, you can water your plant with tap water without fear. Of course, tap water will never replace spring or rainwater, but the presented cleaning methods will help keep plants healthy.
Watering frequency is determined by plant age and humidity level . But there is no set period for watering lemon trees. When does a tree need watering?
- The soil has turned grey.
- A ringing sound appeared when tapping on the sides of the pot.
- The pot now weighs less.
- The soil crumbles to dust.
- Shoots on and leaves drooped.
Lemon watering rules:
- Trees should be watered in two stages. The first is irrigation, and the second is soil moisture.
- Do not rush when watering. Water should penetrate the soil in a narrow stream.
- During the growing season it is best to use water a few degrees warmer than the air temperature.
- Recommended to water in the evening, as evaporation is reduced at this time.
It is also necessary to irrigate the crown, as this has a favorable effect on cultivation.
Higher room humidity must be observed . To do this, you can purchase special devices for moisturizing. They are filled with water and attached to batteries. In extreme cases, you can use ordinary dishes. You will also need to regularly use a spray bottle.
Feeding the lemon is essential if you want your bonsai to be healthy and beautiful. Since bonsai is grown in a small amount of land, you will have to saturate the soil with useful elements from time to time. For these purposes, any liquid fertilizer that can be purchased at the appropriate stores is suitable.
How to transplant into a large pot?
Lemon transplant at home is not difficult. The root system very quickly adapts and takes root. The transplant procedure is carried out in several stages:
- The bottom of the pot is covered with a layer of drainage. It should take up about 20% of the capacity. Expanded clay is suitable for these purposes. The drainage is covered with a layer of sand.
- A tree with an overgrown root system is removed from the old container. It is necessary to inspect the system for the presence of rotten roots and cut them off. To increase the growth efficiency of the root system, you can treat it with a special stimulant sold in specialty stores.
- Sand in a pot is covered with a layer of soil and the roots of a lemon tree are introduced into it. It is necessary to pay attention to the root neck. It should be located slightly below the edge of the pot.
- The earth is compacted and watered. Further, the soil can be loosened in order to ensure oxygen saturation.
If you did not grow the plant yourself, but purchased it in a store, then leave the purchase for several days in quarantine, using a solution for the prevention of diseases.
Lemon tree shaping and pruning
Some varieties of dwarf lemons respond well to wire shaping . In the spring, you should form young branches with wire and sticky paper.
It is also recommended to expand strong branches so that light can penetrate through them. A tree with 3-4 branches below is suitable for formation. These branches will be used as a base.
- The angle between the trunks and lateral branches is changed with a ribbon or bends. You can use homemade weights. In the same way, you can change the position of the branches, bringing them together with a wire bracket or pushing them apart with a wooden spacer.
- The removal of ugly elements of the composition plays an important role in the formation.
- The crown will develop symmetrically if the tree is turned towards the sun from time to time. You can change the position of the plant a few degrees every two weeks.
The trunk of a lemon is cut off above the upper branch, and the branches should be shortened to 20 cm. Thus, branches grown on skeletal ones will be shoots of the 2nd order. After that, shoots of the 3rd order will appear on them, and so on.
Diseases and pests
- Spider mite . It can be brought into the house along with the purchased plant. Once on the window sill to other flowers, it will immediately inhabit them. It is extremely difficult to get rid of it.
- Aphid . It attacks the leaves and sucks the life out of the plant. May attack other plants.
- Scale insect is a pest that feeds on the juice of lemon leaves. Lives on leaves, from the lower sides.
Difficulties in growing
- Failure to follow the rules for the maintenance of citrus fruits will lead to poor results or to the death of the plant.
- Lemon bonsai are easy to shape. The main thing is to correct the shortcomings in time. Otherwise, you will end up with an ugly and crooked tree.
- It should be noted that even a dwarf lemon can occupy up to 2 meters of area.