How to care for a european cypress tree


Cypress Plant Care | Home Guides

By SF Gate Contributor Updated January 15, 2021

Cypresses (Cupressus spp.) are conifers usually used as hedges and specimen trees. Some plants commonly called cypress, such as false cypress (Chamaecyparis spp.), look like cypress but are not actually from the same genus. Different types of cypress live in different climates. For example, baldcypress and pondcypress (Taxodium distichum) grow best in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 to 10, while Leyland cypress (Cupressocyparis leylandii) grows in USDA zones 6 to 10a. Different types of cypress also have different care requirements.

Planting and Initial Care

To provide nutrients for newly planted cypress trees, add some compost, bone meal and peat moss to the planting soil. Mulching around the base of a cypress will help protect the young roots from temperature changes. Cypresses prefer full or at least partial sun, so look for planting areas that do not have too many shade-producing buildings or large trees nearby.

Watering Cypress Plants

Different types of cypress require different amounts of water. False cypress varieties generally require more water than true cypress from the Cupressus genus. Leyland cypress prefers well-drained soils and watering about twice per month during dry weather. Pondcypress naturally grows in wet areas, especially in still areas of ponds. Baldcypress tends to grow in or next to flowing water. It also grows well in urban areas with wet soils.

Pondcypress and baldcypress, which are not true cypress, require substantial amounts of water in dry weather. Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens) and mourning cypress (Cupressus funebris) grow well in Mediterranean climates with moderate amounts of moisture. They grow in USDA zones 7b through 11. Sargent cypress (Cupressus sargentii) grows natively in rocky areas in USDA zones 8 and above. Because its adapted to a rocky habitat, it tolerates dry spells as well as heavy rains.

Caring for Potted Cypress

Cypress trees can grow in pots as long as you place them in a sunny location with good air circulation. Potted cypresses also do best with consistent soil moisture. Check the soil moisture regularly and keep it moist but not heavily saturated. The soil should not be allowed to dry out completely. Mulch can help the plant retain moisture. European cypress plant care also involves misting cypresses once per month with a seaweed fertilizer.

Outdoor Cypress Tree Care

Young outdoor cypress trees will need supplemental watering during dry weather. It is best to stop watering them if the ground freezes. Weeding near cypress trees helps their overall health because they don't have to compete for water and nutrients. Leyland cypress tolerates heavy trimming, so you can shape it into a hedge or windscreen. In very windy areas, such as areas near the coast, you can prevent wind damage by wrapping the trees in burlap when a storm is on the way.

Pests and Diseases

Cypresses occasionally suffer from fungal diseases and insect infestations. Pruning only during dry weather helps prevent cypress diseases, such as fungal infections that cause canker. To prevent root rot diseases, avoid over-watering and plant true cypresses only in well-drained soils. Cypresses sometimes become infested with minute cypress scales, aphids, caterpillars or other insects.

Insecticidal oil sprays can get rid of many small pests, such as scales, aphids and mites. You can often remove larger insects, such as caterpillars, by picking them off by hand, spraying them off with water or using insecticides.

References

  • University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Cypress -- Cupressus Spp.
  • University of California Statewide Integrated Pest Management Program: Scale Management Guidelines
  • University of Florida IFAS Gardening Solutions: Cypress Trees

Resources

  • New Mexico State University: Yellowing Leland Cypress

How To Plant, Prune.

Fertilize & Water Cypress Trees & Shrubs

When planted right and in the right spot, Cypress trees and shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and low-maintenance. 

Cypresses come in many, many shapes, sizes, colors and textures so have many uses in the landscape. The larger and taller trees are ideal for uses as specimens or in straight or staggered rows for tall privacy screens, or to frame in the corners of taller homes and other structures. Smaller shrub varietioes make great accents or groupings in both home foundations and landscape borders. They also serve well as low to mid size hedges and are useful in container gardening.  

Here's a breakdown of what you need to know tto plant and care for Cypresses like the pros...

Cultural Preferences

Soil Preferences

In The Landscape

Cypresses adapt to a wide range of soils. Most prefer a moist but well-drained soil when young, however become exceptionally tolerant of dry soils when established. Most do not like a constantly soggy or wet soil which can be problematic. It's a good idea to know the soil preferences for the specific varieties of cypresses you intend to plant. On every plant page in this website you'll find soil moisture preferences.

For your reference, here's a couple quick links to Cypress category pages on this site...

Cypress Tree Varieties >

Cypress Shrub Varieties >

In Pots & Other Containers

In containers, Cypresses grow best in a very well-drained but damp to moist soil. They do not like a constantly soggy or wet soil. Therefore, I recommend using a premium potting mix or potting soil, or a 50/50 mix of the two, in a container that has a drainage hole(s). More on planting in containers below. 

How To Test Soil Drainage  

If you are uncertain about soil drainage in the area you intend to plant your Cypress, it's well worth taking the time to test the drainage in the planting area before planting. To test soil drainage, dig a hole 12" wide by 12" deep in the planting area. Fill the hole with water and let it drain. Then, after it drains, fill it with water again, but this time clock how long it takes to drain. In well-drained soil the water level will go down at a rate of about 1 inch an hour. A faster rate, such as in loose, sandy soil, may signal potentially dry site conditions. A slower rate indicates poor draining soil and is a caution you might need to improve drainage, plant in a raised mound or bed, or look for plants that are more tolerant of wet or boggy conditions.

Soil pH

Different types of cypress have different soil pH preferences. It's a good idea to know the pH preferences for the specific varieties of cypresses you intend to plant. On every plant page in this website you'll find soil pH preferences. Follow the links provided above to find the variety of cypress you intend on planting. 

How To Test Soil pH  

Soil pH is a measurement of the alkalinity or acidity of soil and is measured on a scale of 1-14, with 7 as the neutral mark. Any measurement below 7 indicates acid soil conditions, and anything above 7 indicates alkaline.  

If you're unsure about the pH of your soil, and whether or not it's suitable for growing your specific cypress, it's a good idea to test the soil pH in the planting area. You can quickly test soil pH with an inexpensive soil pH tester probe. To raise the pH (make more alkaline) you can add pelletized limestone to the soil. To lower the pH (make more acid) you can apply Soil Sulfur, Aluminum Sulfate, or Chelated Iron. Adding organic compost to the soil or using compost as mulch can also help to increase acidity and maintain acid soil conditions.

Learn More: What is Soil pH and How To Adjust It?

Light Preferences

Most cypresses will take all the sun you can give them. That said, some varieties will tolerate some shade. It's a good idea to know the light preferences for the specific variety of cypress you intend to plant. On every plant page in this website you'll find light preferences. Follow the links provided above to find the variety of cypress you intend on planting.  

Planting Cypress In The Ground

Scroll down for container planting instructions and care tips

Step 1

Start by digging your planting hole at least two to three times as wide and 6 inches or more deeper than the height of the rootball of your plant. The wider the hole the better. Place native soil removed from planting hole around the perimeter of the hole, in a wheel barrow, or on a tarp.

Step 2

Depending on the type, fertility and porosity of the soil in the planting area you might need to mix in a soil amendment to the native soil removed from the planting hole. When planting in dense clay or other poor draining soils it is beneficial to thoroughly mix in some good organic matter such as bagged top soil and/or a good planting mix at a 25-50% ratio with the soil removed from the planting hole. When planting in very sandy or quick-draining soil mixing in some top soil or compost will help to retain moisture in the soil.

Step 3

Be very careful not to damage your Cypress when removing it from its nursery container. If the root ball is stuck in the pot it's best to cut the container away. If the root ball is root bound, use your fingers or a claw tool to carefully loosen some feeder roots. 

Step 4

If you are planting in well-drained soil, set your cypress in the planting hole so that the top edge of the rootball is at or just slightly above ground level to allow for settling. If necessary, add some backfill soil mixture to the bottom of the hole to achieve proper planting height. If your soil is moderately drained, meaning it drains slowly after rain, the top of the root ball should be 2 inches or more above ground level, as shown in illustration below. 

Note:  If the soil is poorly drained (constantly soggy or wet) take measures to improve drainage or select a different plant species tolerant of wet soils. 

Step 5

After setting your cypress in the planting hole, use one hand to hold the plant straight and your other hand to begin back-filling your soil mixture around the root ball, tamping as you go to remove air pockets. When you have filled the hole to the halfway point you can soak the soil. Then continue back-filling to the top edge of the root ball. If you are planting the root ball higher than ground level, as shown in the illustration above, taper your soil mixture gradually from the top edge of the root ball to the ground level. To avoid suffocating your plant, avoid placing any soil on top of the root ball.

Step 6 (Optional)

When planting your cypress in a site far away from a water source, and in well-drained soil, you can use remaining soil mixture to build a water retaining berm (catch basin / doughnut) that is 2 inches or so high around the outside perimeter of the planting hole. This basin will help to collect water from rainfall and irrigation, which helps to reduce the need for hand-watering. The berm can be removed after the first growing season.

Step 7

Next, deeply water the planting area, including the root ball, to a depth equal to the height of the root ball. For an extra boost, you can water your newly planted cypress with a solution of Root Stimulator, which stimulates early root formation and stronger root development, reduces plant shock, and promotes greener, more vigorous plants.

Step 8

To conserve moisture and suppress weed growth, apply a 1 to 2" layer of cured, shredded or chipped wood mulch or pine straw around the planting area. Avoid the use of freshly chipped wood for mulch until it has cured in a pile for at least 6 months, a year is better. Avoid placing or piling mulch directly against the base of your plant as this could cause the bark to rot.

Planting Cypress In A Container

Cypress growing in pots or other containers appreciate a moist, but well-drained soil. Constantly soggy soil can and often will cause root rot or other harmful or deadly plant diseases. Therefore, to ensure good drainage, use a pot with a drainage hole(s) and a quality potting soil or potting mix, or a 50/50 combination thereof, for planting. Optionally, you can also add some pumice or perlite (maybe 10 to 20%) to the soil mixture to help with drainage.

Choose a container that is large enough to allow for 2 to 3 years of growth before having to shift up to a larger size container. This might mean your planting pot would be 6 inches or more in rim diameter (width) than the root ball of the plant for slow growers, and 10 inches or more for faster growers.

Container color will matter as well. Not only will you want to pick a color of container that goes well with the foliage color and texture of your cypress, you'll also want to pick a container that matches the style of your home or other structures and other plants in the surrounding environment. 

Many nursery & garden centers offer a wide variety of containers to choose from. Before heading out to buy a container take pictures of your home and the surrounding environment. Doing so will help you to choose just the right color and style.

Container Planting Instructions

Step 1

Before filling your container with the soil mix, I recommend lining the bottom with shade cloth or a porous landscape fabric. This will keep the drain holes from becoming clogged with roots and soil. If you use gravel or rocks in the bottom of the container lay the fabric on top of it. 

Step 2

Be very careful not to damage your Cypress when removing it from its nursery container. If the root ball is stuck in the pot it's best to cut the container away. If the root ball is root bound, use your fingers or a claw tool to carefully loosen some feeder roots. 

Step 3

Pour a small amount of your soil mixture in the bottom of the container. Set your plant in the container and make necessary adjustments by adding or removing some soil so that the top edge of the root ball will sit approximately 1" below the rim of the container.

Step 4

Backfill with your soil mixture around the root ball, tamping as you go, until the level of potting soil is even with the top edge of root ball.

Step 5

Water thoroughly until water starts to drain from the holes in the bottom of the container. Add more soil mixture if settling occurs during watering.

Step 6 (Optional)

Apply a 1/2" layer of wood chips or sphagnum moss to soil surface to help conserve moisture. Stone mulch can also be used.

Cypress Care & Maintenance Tips

Cypress trees or shrubs are exceptionally easy to grow and care for. Below are some helpful care tips that will have you growing them like the pros.

How To Fertilize A Cypress

Cypress trees are not heavy feeders, however will benefit from fertilization to maintain good foliage color and support growth and overall health of the plant, especially when young. When mature, fertilizer isn't usually necessary as cypresses can get the nutrients they need from the soil, decomposing mulch, and rainfall. 

When To Fertilize?

Feed Cypresses in late winter or early spring, before new growth begins to emerge. Fast growing cypresses, such as the Leyland or Carolina or Arizona Cypress, can be fertilized again in late spring or early summer.  

Note:  To avoid damage to new growth stimulated by fertilizer, cease fertilization of Cypress two months prior to the average first-frost date in your area, 

What Type Of Fertilizer & How Much?

In The Landscape:  Fertilize Cypress fast-growing cypress trees growing in the ground at rates recommended on the product label with a slow-release shrub & tree type fertilizer that contains iron and/or sulfur for deep greening. Cut the rate in half for slower growing cypress varieties. Alternatively, you can feed plants with an organic plant food. 

Note:  If the foliage of your cypress trees or shrubs develop chlorosis (fading of foliage) this could be an indicator of a high soil pH (alkaline soil) or lack of iron in the soil. To acidify soil, and for deep greening, simply apply iron and/or soil sulfur at rates suggested on the product label.


Learn More: What is Soil pH and How To Adjust It? 

In Pots: Feed as directed on product label with a slow-release or water-soluble plant food listed for use in containers. Cut rate in half for slow growing cypress.

How To Apply Fertilizer? 

Shrubs and trees feed themselves from their root system. The feeder roots of established shrubs and trees are found at and beyond the outside perimeter of the branch system, what many professionals call the "drip line." Therefore, this is where most of the fertilizer should be spread. 

How far outside the drip line you spread fertilizer will depend on the age and size of the shrub or tree. As a general rule, spread the fertilizer under the plant and 3-4 inches beyond the drip line for each 12-inches of plant height. For example, if a plant is 5 feet tall spread the fertilizer about 15 to 20 inches beyond the drip line.

How To Water Cypress Shrubs & Trees

Most cypress varieties prefer a moist to damp but well-drained soil. That said, when established most varieties are exceptionally tolerant to dry soil conditions. They will not tolerate constantly soggy or wet soil conditions, which can lead to root rot and other harmful plant diseases. So be careful not to over-water them!

Note:  It's a good idea to know the soil moisture preferences for the specific varieties of cypress you intend to plant. On every plant page in this website you'll find soil moisture preferences.

For your reference, here's a couple quick links to Cypress category pages on this site...

Cypress Tree Varieties >

Cypress Shrub Varieties >

At Planting Time

Immediately after planting deep soak the soil in the planting area to a depth equal to the height of the plants root ball. For an extra boost, to stimulate early root formation and stronger root development, you can also water you newly planted cypress with a solution of Root Stimulator, which reduces transplant shock and promotes greener, more vigorous plants. When planted during the winter dormant season plants will require less water. So, be extra careful not to overwater during winter!

During the First Growing Season

In average garden soil you should not have to water your newly planted cypress every day. More often than not, this causes soggy soil conditions that can lead to root rot and other harmful plant diseases. In the absence of sufficient rainfall, water only as needed to keep the root ball and surrounding soil damp to moist. 

Note:  Keep in mind that deep soaking less frequently, and allowing the soil to dry out somewhat before watering again, is much better than splashing just a little water on the plants every day. Cypress planted during the winter dormant season, when plants are not actively growing and evaporation is much slower, will require much less water. So, be extra careful not to overwater during winter!

Thereafter

Most cypress varieties are exceptionally drought tolerant when established. That said, during prolonged periods of drought they might appreciate some supplemental water. If during a drought you see leaves wilting or stem tips drooping this could be a sign your plants could use a good, deep soaking.

Note:  When watering with an automated irrigation system it's best to set your timer to water during the early morning hours and not in the late evening or at night, which can lead to the onset of fungus and other foliage diseases. During the first few weeks after planting, check soil moisture often and adjust irrigation time if necessary to keep the soil moist, not wet. 

Pruning Cypress Shrubs & Trees

Cypress trees do not require pruning. That said, most varieties can be lightly pruned for shaping purposes. It's best to provide them ample room to grow to their mature size so they never require pruning, except to remove a stray or damaged branch that is spoiling the shape or look of the plant.  

When to Prune

Light pruning for shaping can be performed almost any time of year however we suggest late winter, before new growth has begun to emerge. Cease pruning 2 months prior to the average first frost date in your area.

How to Prune

When pruning your cypress, use a sharp pair of bypass hand pruners. When shearing for shaping purposes you can use hedge trimmers or clippers. 

Find Pruning Tools here >

Plant Long & Prosper!

Questions?  Contact Us >

How to care for cupressus at home

If you've been dreaming of a Mediterranean garden in your home for a long time, you've probably already set your sights on cypress (cupressus). But the question remains: will he survive in the conditions of your apartment, will he feel good in summer and, more importantly, in winter with dry air due to radiators? Let's find out.

What is cupressus. Varieties

So, kupressus, in principle, is suitable for planting it at home. This is a small tree that can look like a long and thin bush when grown in a small planter. And if you give it more space, cypress can be decorated for the New Year, like a Christmas tree, because it can grow up to 2.2 meters even at home. It has scaly needles with small green needles, and young shoots of a beautiful, bright green hue.

Goldcrest variety. This variety is great for growing in an ordinary apartment. It responds very well to infrequent watering, you can use almost any soil and put it even in a shaded place, including on the north window.

Variety "Vilma". Such cypress can be grown only in the complete absence of drafts in the apartment, best of all on the window in front of the loggia. It is also demanding on lighting: an east or west window is suitable for it.

Macrocarpa variety has an unusual shade, therefore it is very much appreciated by those who want to grow cypress on the window, but do not want to get a standard analogue of the Christmas tree. It also has an unusual shape, like a cone, which allows you to put such cypress trees three per window to create a beautiful effect of a European geometric garden. You can find varieties for the apartment.

The variety "Gold" has a golden bark, the essential oils of which have a beneficial effect on the lungs. Ideal for families with young children, senior citizens and anyone with respiratory problems. True, there are contraindications: epilepsy and high blood pressure.

How to deal with pests. What are the diseases

At home, cypress almost never gets sick. But if midges appear, and this is usually a scale insect, spider mite or false scale, try the Aktellika preparation (1-2 ml per 1 liter of water, immerse the plant completely, spend it twice with a weekly break).

If you flooded a cypress, you need to transplant it into another, clean and dry soil, after treating the roots with an antiseptic. If it does not help, transplant again in three to four days.

What cypresses like: watering, lighting and temperature

Which window to put on. It is best to put on the western or eastern window, and if the variety likes shade, then you can also on the north. In no case should you put it on a south window in direct sunlight.

Watering should be done once a week, and in winter, gradually reduce watering to 2 per month. If the room is cold (office, entrance lobby, where a winter jacket is needed), then you can water it once every 5 days.

It is best if the room is around +10°C, with the temperature rising to +25°C in summer and not lower than +5°C in winter, but preferably up to +10°C. Thus, if, for example, you live in Sochi, it is best to grow it in the winter on the loggia. If you are too warm in winter, spray the bush twice a day with plain cold water.

Problems and Solutions

- If the cypress has turned yellow, add flower fertilizer to the soil.

- If the needles are drooping, try watering with mineral water.

- Make up the soil from turf, leaf, peat soil and sand in the proportion (1 to 2 to 1 to 1).

- If the cypress is not feeling well and has been for a long time, try starting to spray it two to three times a day.

- If you put it in too bright light, soak it in the bathroom for 4-5 days.

- Always prune dead branches in spring.

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Description, Care, Reproduction (Photo) + Reviews

Cypress (Chamaecyparis) is a coniferous evergreen tree that belongs to the cypress family. This genus combines 7 species, and there are also several hundred cultivars. Under natural conditions, the height of such plants in some cases reaches 70 m. Cypress looks very similar to cypress, so these plants are often confused. Cypress differs from cypress in that its branches are smaller and flatter. This tree also has a pyramidal crown, which is very similar to thuja. Cypress is native to North America and East Asia. It began to be cultivated at the end of the 18th century. Cypress is cultivated both in the garden and at home.

Peculiarities of cypress

Such species of this plant originate from North America as: Nutkan cypress, thuja and Lavson cypress. Natives of East Asia are species such as: blunt cypress, mourning, pea-bearing and Formosan. In the wild, these plants are very tall, and they have small, lush scale-like needles, as well as round buds that are much smaller than cypress and contain fewer seeds. By the way, Japanese and North American species of this plant have a higher frost resistance compared to cypress. So, they can winter in middle latitudes without shelter. But for dry periods in the summer, such plants react more negatively than cypress.

This tree has a cone-shaped crown, with long branches drooping or prostrate. The covering of the surface of the trunk is a light brown or brown bark, which consists of small scales. Pointed, tightly pressed leaf blades can be painted in dark green, smoky blue, greenish yellow or green. Young specimens have needle-like leaf plates, while adults are scaly. The diameter of the cones is 1.2 centimeters, while the seeds ripening in them are viable already in the year the seedling is planted. Recently, Japanese, European and American breeders have created more than two hundred cultivars that differ in size, shape, crown color, etc.

Conifer forest tour. Cypress / Digression on ephedra. Cypress

Learning to distinguish from relatives

Cypress is often confused with its relative cypress. Conifers intended for open ground are outwardly similar, but there are several signs by which any gardener can distinguish them. The cypress has flatter branches, they are smaller than those of the cypress. Cones are round and not as large as those of a fellow, they have fewer seeds. Another distinguishing feature is the pyramidal crown, which makes it look like another coniferous tree - thuja. Interestingly, the Latin name of the genus Chamaecyparis means "false cypress".

Cypress fruits

There are 7 types of cypress, and there are more than two hundred varieties. It can be a cone-shaped tree or a modest shrub. They are distinguished by the height and degree of branching of the shoots. Shrubs do not exceed 2 m, they are characterized by strong branching. In open space, the tree grows from 2-3 to 20-40 m, in natural conditions some species grow up to 70 m. The trunk is usually covered with light brown or brown bark. Depending on the type, leaf plates are either green and dark green, or with a yellow, smoky blue and purple tint. Shoots can be drooping or horizontal.

Cypress trees spread from East Asia (Taiwan, Japan) and North America (USA). At home in Japan, they are valued not only for their decorative properties, but also for high-quality wood exuding a pleasant coniferous aroma.

Benefits of growing outdoors:

  1. More cold tolerant than cypress. Adult specimens hibernate without shelter.
  2. Among the assortment offered in nurseries, you can choose dwarf specimens up to 0.5 m and giants growing up to 4 m and above.
  3. The plant is easy to care for and is resistant to various diseases and pest attacks.
  4. Seeds in cones are ready to give offspring from the first year after planting. In good conditions, they remain viable for up to 15 years.

    Seeds for planting

  5. Coniferous aroma repels insects, evokes nostalgia for the Mediterranean.

Prickly handsome looks good on alpine hills, suitable for creating topiary and hedges, including low dwarf varieties. Miniature hybrids are ideal for decorating terraces. They are successfully combined with other coniferous and deciduous plants, they look solid in a single planting.

Suitable neighbors:

  • juniper,
  • pine,
  • Korean fir,
  • thuja,
  • common and blue spruce,
  • yew.

It is considered successful to create a mixborder with the participation of both coniferous and deciduous representatives:

Ephedra will serve as an excellent background for roses and other perennial flowers. With it, you can form complex patterns on flowerbeds or stalls, placing a group of 3 seedlings with different colors of needles.

When adjacent to other types of conifers, it is important to consider their resistance to soil changes. Fallen needles acidify the soil.

In spacious areas, the prickly beauty can be safely included in a composition created like a natural forest. In it, conifers coexist with deciduous representatives; saxifrage, periwinkle and other shade-tolerant counterparts are chosen as grass cover. From cereals, fescue and bluegrass are suitable.

Planting cypress

When to plant

For planting cypress, it is recommended to choose a site that is located in partial shade, but lowlands should be avoided, as cold air stagnates in them. Species with light blue or green needles need relatively less light than those with greenish yellow needles. The soil on the site should be saturated with nutrients, well-drained best if it is loamy and in no case calcareous. A seedling is planted, as a rule, in the spring in April, after the soil warms up well, but it is recommended to prepare a hole for planting in the autumn, so the soil has time to settle properly. To do this, you need to make a hole, the depth of which should be 0.9m, and a width of 0.6 m. At its bottom, a drainage layer 0.2 m thick should be made, which should consist of sand and broken bricks. Then the hole should be covered by ½ part with a soil mixture consisting of humus, soddy soil, sand and peat (3:3:1:2). In winter, this soil mixture will overheat and settle, and with the onset of the spring period, it will warm up relatively quickly. In the event that you plant more than one cypress seedling, then you should take into account that the distance between them should be at least 100 centimeters, and preferably more. This is because in this plant the root system grows horizontally.

How to plant

Most often, ready-made cypress seedlings are planted, which can be bought at a garden nursery or a special store. Before planting a seedling, you need to water the hole for planting well, and also shed a clod of earth for the plant, using a root root solution for this (1 package of the product for half a bucket of water). After that, the plant must be lowered into the center of the hole and gradually covered with soil mixture (see its composition above), combined with 0.3 kg of nitroammophoska. The root neck of the seedling after planting should be 10–20 centimeters above the soil surface, because the soil will definitely settle. A planted tree should be well watered. After the soil has settled, it will be necessary to add more soil, so that the root neck is flush with the ground in the area. Then the trunk circle should be covered with a layer of mulch, and the cypress tree should also be tied to the support.

We select the best place on the plot

The coniferous pet of landscape designers and owners of country houses prefers partial shade. It should not be planted in lowlands where cold air stagnates - this will slow down the development of the plant. Cypress loves good diffused light, with greenish-yellow hybrids needing more sunlight than light blue and green hybrids. The first group can be planted in a sunny area, only the tree will need enhanced watering. If there is not enough light, the plant will lose all its decorative properties.

The recommended distance between seedlings is at least 1 m.

As for the soil, it must be well drained. The soil is fertile, preferably loamy or black earth with an acidity of 4.5 to 5.5 pH. Lime will not be favorable for growth. They will have to add riding peat, sand, garden soil. If the soil is poor, with a lack of calcium or an excess of magnesium, the needles will begin to turn yellow.

Given the breadth of the range, you can choose a cypress tree for almost any garden composition. Disease resistance, hardiness and longevity distinguish it from other garden plants.

Cypress care

First of all, you need to pay attention to the fact that this plant needs systematic watering, which should be carried out once a week, about a bucket of water is taken per bush. However, if there is a long dry and hot period, then the frequency and abundance of watering must be increased. An adult plant must be sprayed abundantly once every 7 days, while young specimens are sprayed daily. In the event that the surface of the near-stem circle is covered with a layer of mulch (peat or wood chips), then watering should be done after the top layer of soil dries. In the event that the trunk circle is not sprinkled with mulch, then each time after the tree is watered, it is necessary to weed and loosen the soil surface by about 20 centimeters in depth.

A couple of months after planting, the seedling should be fed with complex fertilizer, while the concentration of the nutrient solution should be half that recommended for an adult specimen. Top dressing of adult specimens is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks until the second half of July, while using a complex mineral fertilizer. Experts advise choosing a fertilizer such as Kemira for conifers, while before watering the plant, from 100 to 150 grams of a substance is scattered on the surface of the near-stem circle, which must be embedded in the soil. From the second half of the summer period, it is necessary to stop feeding the tree, otherwise it will not be able to properly prepare for wintering.

Repotting

Repotting of this tree is also recommended in spring. The rules for transplanting cypress are very similar to those used when planting a seedling in open ground. While you are digging up a tree, be sure to keep in mind that it has a branched, horizontally located root system.

Pruning

This plant also needs regular pruning. In early spring, it is necessary to cut off the tips of the stems affected by frost, as well as cut off old, injured or dried branches. Together with sanitary pruning in the spring, it is recommended to produce a shaping pruning. To do this, it is enough to maintain the natural cone-shaped or pyramidal shape of the tree crown. Remember that for one pruning, you need to cut off no more than 1/3 of the green mass. When the season of active growth in autumn ends, it will be necessary to cut off 1/3 of this year's growth, while maintaining the existing crown shape. Bare branches should not remain on the tree, because after some time they will dry out anyway. It will be possible to start forming the crown already 12 months after planting or transplanting the plant.

Diseases and pests

Cypress trees are highly resistant to diseases and harmful insects. However, sometimes scale insects and spider mites can settle on such a tree, and root rot can also appear. If spider mites settle on a plant, then it will turn yellow, and its needles will fly around. To get rid of such pests, it is recommended to treat the tree several times with a break of 7 days with an acaricidal agent (Neoron, Apollo or Nissoran). Scale insects suck out vegetable juice from cypress, as a result of which it begins to dry, and its needles fall off. To destroy these pests, it will be necessary to treat the plant with nuprid, while in most cases several sprays are required to achieve a lasting effect. In the event that the tree is very heavily infected, then it is recommended to dig it up and burn it, otherwise the scale insects can move to other plants.

If there is stagnation of water in the soil, this will lead to the development of a fungal disease such as root rot. A good prevention against this disease is a thick drainage layer in the planting hole, which is done during planting. In the event that the disease is not detected in time, it can cause the death of the tree. It is recommended to dig out the affected plant, freeing its roots from the ground, it is necessary to cut them to a healthy tissue. Then the root system should be sprayed with a fungicide, and the tree itself should be planted in another place that suits it best according to agrotechnical requirements. In the event that the entire root system of a tree is affected, then it will have to be burned.

Cultivation and care

When growing indoor cypress, care at home is organized as close as possible to the natural habitat of the selected species.

A slight violation of them leads to the fact that the hamaekiparis dies. Let's figure out in detail how to care for him.

Place, light, temperature

It is not difficult to find a place in the house for a cypress bought in a store, the main thing is to adhere to the following recommendations:

  1. Keep away from heaters and in drafts.
  2. Located near east windows. On the north side, the plant will not have enough lighting, but on the south, on the contrary, it will be redundant.

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