How to care for a lilac bush tree
Plant Care & Growing Guide
Common lilac bushes (Syringa vulgaris) are deciduous shrubs that bloom in the springtime. They are part of the olive family, along with other such ornamental plants as ash trees, forsythia bushes, and privet hedges. The outstanding quality of many lilac varieties is the sweet fragrances of their flowers. The blooms appear in branching clusters or panicles. Each flower is only about 1/3 inch across. The leaves are gray-green to blue-green in color and reach around 2 to 5 inches long; they do not change color in the fall. And the bark of this shrub is gray to grayish brown. The best time to plant lilac bushes is in the early fall before the ground freezes. They have a moderate growth rate of 1 to 2 feet per year.
|Common Name||Lilac bush, common lilac|
|Botanical Name||Syringa vulgaris|
|Mature Size||8–15 ft. tall, 6–12 ft. wide|
|Soil Type||Loamy, well-drained|
|Flower Colors||Purple, white|
|Hardiness Zones||3–7, USA|
Click Play to Learn How to Prune Lilacs
Common lilac bushes are attractive enough to be treated as specimen plants, grown as focal points in the landscape. They are also often planted in rows along property borders and pruned into loose hedges. The 'Miss Kim' cultivar is small enough for use in foundation plantings, as is the even more compact 'Bloomerang' lilac, which is a dwarf shrub.
Once they’re established, lilacs don’t require much maintenance. They will typically only need watering during prolonged periods of drought, and they prefer annual fertilization. Pruning also is generally an annual task.
The Spruce / Evgeniya VlasovaPedro Silmon/ArcaidImages / Getty Images
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
The Spruce / Evgeniya Vlasova
Grow lilac bushes in full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight on most days. Lilacs will tolerate some shade, but too little light can limit their bloom. They do not do well in full shade.
Lilac bushes prefer rich, loamy soil with sharp drainage and a neutral soil pH. They can tolerate clay soil, though it might stunt their growth.
Lilacs like a moderate amount of soil moisture. But soggy soil can lead to root rot and poor blooming. Water young lilacs regularly to keep the soil lightly moist. Mature plants typically will only need watering during periods of drought.
Temperature and Humidity
Lilacs bushes prefer climates that have fairly cool summers. They are not recommended for hot, humid areas, such as the Southern United States. High humidity can lead to fungal diseases on the plant. Moreover, lilacs can tolerate temperatures well below freezing, though they prefer protection from bitter cold winds, which can damage their flower buds and break stems.
Lilac bushes can benefit from a spring feeding, especially if you have poor soil. However, don't use a fertilizer that's high in nitrogen, which can lead to poor blooming. Instead, use a balanced fertilizer, following label instructions.
Types of Lilac
There are several types of lilac bushes that vary somewhat in appearance, including:
- 'Wedgewood Blue': This compact lilac variety attains a height at maturity of only 6 feet with a spread equal to that. The flowers are contained in thick clusters of lavender blue. It thrives in zones 3 through 8.
- 'Yankee Doodle': A small lilac bush with deep purple, fragrant blooms, Yankee Doodle is a bit more cold-hardy than the main species, suitable for zones 2 through 8. It grows 6 to 10 feet tall and 5 to 6 feet wide.
- 'Belle de Nancy': This variety has double pink flowers (multiple layers of petals) and grows 8 to 10 feet tall and 6 to 8 feet wide. It blooms in late spring to early summer and is suitable for zones 3 through 9.
- 'Madame Lemoine': Blooming with bright white double flowers, this lilac variety stands tall at up to 15 feet high and 12 feet wide. It is suitable for zones 3 through 8.
- 'Primrose': Primrose is a standard-size lilac that grows 10 to 15 feet tall and 6 to 10 feet wide. It is notable for its yellow flowers that still deliver the beloved sweet lilac fragrance. It is suitable for zones 3 through 7.
Pruning is critical for lilacs, both to promote flowering and to ensure air circulation to prevent powdery mildew and other problems. The right time to prune is just after flowering is over, as lilacs bloom on old wood. Prune branches to thin out the growth (for better air circulation) and to keep the height of the shrub in check. Cut the oldest branches to the ground, as they won't be strong flower producers anymore, but don't take off more than a third of the total branches. Also, prune any weak or damaged branches.
Anyone who has grown lilacs knows how readily they expand. Most lilacs are clump-forming plants that spread via shoots extending from the trunk. And these shoots can be used for propagation. Not only is this an inexpensive way to gain a new lilac bush, but it also prevents the existing lilac from becoming overcrowded. The best time to propagate is in the late spring to early summer to give the shoot enough time to become established before cold weather sets in.
To propagate, simply dig down around one of the shoots and cut it from the main plant, keeping the roots intact. Then, replant the shoot in rich soil wherever you wish, and keep its soil lightly moist (but not soggy) at all times until it's established.
Common Pests & Plant Diseases
Lilacs are fairly hardy shrubs and can survive most pest and disease problems. However, they are susceptible to several. The fungal disease powdery mildew is commonly seen on lilacs, especially during humid summers. It creates whitish powdery patches on the foliage. There are both chemical fungicides and natural methods for combatting powdery mildew. The disease usually won’t be fatal, but you should still treat your lilac as soon as possible to limit fungal spread. Common pests that can affect lilacs and damage their foliage include scales and borers. If you spot these tiny insects on the stems and undersides of leaves, treat your plant with neem oil or another insecticide.
How to Get Lilacs to Bloom
Lilacs generally bloom in the mid-to-late spring, though the exact timing can differ based on the variety. The conical clusters of tiny four-lobed flowers have an exceptionally sweet fragrance. The blooms only last for a couple of weeks, but they should readily rebloom each year on a healthy plant. Deadheading, or removing the spent blooms, isn't necessary. To enjoy a longer blooming period, consider planting multiple lilac varieties that flower at different times.
A lack of sunlight is often the reason for poor flowering on a lilac. Watch your lilac for a full day to make sure it isn’t in the shade for any prolonged stretch. Lightly moist soil also encourages a stronger bloom. Mulch around the shrub can help to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds that might compete with the lilac.
Common Problems With Lilacs
Lilac shrubs are typically not problem plants in the garden. But they can encounter a few common issues.
A lilac that isn't flowering as much as it used to might need a rejuvenation pruning. To do so, remove a third of the oldest branches right after the bloom period is over. In the next growing season, remove half of the remaining old branches after flowering. And in the next year, remove the rest of the remaining old branches. New branches that flower more vigorously will replace them in a few years.
Leaves Turning Brown
Lilac leaves turning brown might be due to several factors. Insufficient water, especially for young plants, can result in browning leaves. Too much fertilizer also can damage the foliage, as can prolonged exposure to very strong sunlight. Most often, though, brown spots on the leaves are due to bacterial blight. This infection typically occurs when growing conditions for the lilac are subpar. So correcting its conditions is one of the best remedies for the disease. Also, promptly remove infected foliage to prevent the disease from spreading.
How To Grow Beautiful Lilac Trees And Bushes
The lilac tree (Syringa vulgaris) produces one of the most universally popular and beloved flowers. I guess that is why lilac bush care is so rewarding – I’ve never met anyone who dislikes lilacs.
For many, these beautiful and fragrant flowers bring treasured memories alive.Pin
This old favorite bush and tree form comes as a beautiful addition to the landscape, making it more vibrant and colorful.
Also, these cluster blooming plants are easy to grow, and their fragrant flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds.
Table Of Contents
- Lilac Plant Care: Growing Lilacs in the Garden
- How To Care For Lilac Bushes in Containers
- Lilac Facts…
- How To Care For Lilacs in the Garden
- Caring for Lilacs in Containers
- Tips for Long Lasting Lilacs
- Tips On Pruning A Lilac Tree For Decades Of Flowers
Lilacs come in seven colors, but the most popular varieties wear the colors of:
Growing and taking care of lilacs make a pretty simple hobby. However, knowing how to do things perfectly does better.
Read on to learn more about lilac tree care.
Lilac Plant Care: Growing Lilacs in the Garden
Suppliers often ship (Syringa vulgaris) lilacs as bare root bushes and trees so it may surprise you upon receiving them.
The plants may appear dead, but the video below shows their dormant or sleeping state.
To wake them up, soak the roots in water for about 10 minutes. Some other important things to keep in mind when planting lilacs include the following:
- Common lilacs need quite a lot of sun – full sun is best. Find a place where you get sunlight in abundance, and it will help them grow better.
- Apart from sunlight, lilacs need space. They can even grow into small trees if given enough room. Always provide them with a good amount of space.
- Lilacs also require proper water drainage to thrive.
- When planting, place the root ball close to the surface of the well-drained soil and tamp down firmly. Plant them 2″-3″ inches deep into the ground if you received the lilacs in the form of bare roots.
- Water the plant thoroughly.
- Put them at least 10’–14′ feet apart if you like to plant more than one lilac bush.
How To Care For Lilac Bushes in Containers
So, when to plant lilacs bushes?
Growing lilac plants in a container may appear as a form of bonsai. Though some of the rules match with container-grown lilacs such as full sun and good drainage, keep in mind these additional requirements.
- Choose dwarf lilacs for container gardening. Some famous dwarf lilacs include the Purple Gem and Pixie. You may also pick the dwarf Korean lilac tree (Syringa meyeri), and attractive lilac shrubs which will add grace, beauty, and fragrance to your garden.
- Choose a sturdy container big enough to hold the root system of a fully grown plant.
- Try not to move the pot from its original position (full sun is best) once the plant established its roots
- Choose a high-quality, well-drained soil with a good mixture of compost included.
- Plant lilacs 3–4″ inches deep and tamp down firmly.
- Water the plant thoroughly.
- Some lilac varieties – Josee & Bloomerang lilac will bloom several times during the year.
- Most Lilacs flower for approximately three weeks in early spring
- Thomas Jefferson wrote a gardening book and in it shared his love for Lilacs.
- Some Lilac bushes can survive temperatures down to -50°F.
- The “trick” to a big lilac shrub – Don’t prune them often. But be sure to prune lilacs at least once per year.
- Lilacs come from the olive family Oleaceae. There are more than 1,000 varieties of lilacs and bushes.
- Lilac flowers are edible.
- Purple lilac is the symbol of first love.
- Syringa reticulata, the tree form lilac can reach 25′ feet tall
- For the most fragrance, enjoy purple lilac on warm, sunny days.
How To Care For Lilacs in the Garden
Although lilac trees do not need much attention while growing, a small amount of care will help them grow to their full size and produce more of those lovely blooms. Some of the steps to take while caring for lilacs are as follows:
- Apply a good layer of mulch every year to retain moisture and control weeds.
- Wait until the top becomes thoroughly dry and then water the common lilac trees well.
- Fertilize lilacs very sparingly. A good fertilizer in late winter will serve as enough for the rest of the year.
- Pruning lilacs correctly tops the list of to-dos when it comes to taking care of lilacs. Trim them once the blooms ceased. This helps them grow back stronger than before.
- Deadheading lilacs will help the plant to produce more flowers. Moreover, it will make the plants look even better.
- To improve the flowering of lilacs, don’t let the grass grow near their roots.
Caring for Lilacs in Containers
- Lilacs grow best in warm climatic zones where they can stay outside and enjoy the full sun throughout the year.
- When growing lilacs in freezing regions, bury containers in the soil to promote more budding and growth.
- Make sure the root system of your lilacs can move freely. If the movement becomes restricted, they will not bear many lilac flowers no matter how good the leaves look.
- Keep the container in a place where it can receive at least six hours of full sun.
- Lilac watering in a pot may seem like a delicate task. This is due to excess water that may damage or kill them. Only water when the soil appears dry and water for about one inch deep.
- If you see roots coming out of the water drainage holes, this signals the time to root prune the plant.
With these lilac tree care and planting tips, anyone can enjoy beautiful lilacs and feel as youthful as the blooms!
Tips for Long Lasting Lilacs
With lilacs blooming in many areas of the country, what better time than now to make sure they stay blooming as long as possible.
According to horticultural expert Paul Parent, the below tips on caring will help get the most and prolong the life of your lilacs.
- Lilacs grow best with a minimum of 1 inch of water per week during the hottest months.
- Do not over-fertilize or they will not bloom. Over-fertilized plants only grow nice foliages but without the fragrant flowers. In springtime, feed your lilacs with something like Plant-Tone.
- Lilac plants love sweet soil. This means they grow well with pine trees or oaks nearby. During the beginning of spring, add limestone, wood ash, or similar products at a rate of 2-3 handfuls per 3′ feet tall or spread the lilac.
- Lilacs bloom on old wood. All things considered, you should prune in the spring as soon as the flowering ends. If you wait for too long, you will remove the new flower buds for next year.
- While pruning, remove the dead wood and the oldest canes. Cut those right down 5-10 inches from the soil.
- Each year, cut out 1/2 – 1/3 of the old wood to maintain reblooming lilacs. Cut the tallest parts back to about 5′-6′ feet tall.
- Hardy lilacs will grow in Zones 3 – 7 but don’t grow well in areas with the warmest climates
Check out our Lilac Question and Answer article
Tips On Pruning A Lilac Tree For Decades Of Flowers
The lilac bears beautiful and fragrant flowers. As plants grow taller and their stems become mature, the flowers will appear smaller, fewer, and more “invisible.”
For the lilacs to develop a good framework of branches, promote robust new growth, and help it produce vibrant blooms. Also, annual maintenance and pruning keep lilacs healthy and vigorous.
Annual pruning removes diseased (powdery mildew) and unproductive stems from the soil. Thinning encourages properly spaced new growth.
A properly pruned lilac can produce decades of flowers and enjoyment. For tips on pruning your lilac, read this article from finegardening.com
Lilac - planting and care, pruning and varieties
In the article we discuss lilac . We talk about its characteristics, varieties, planting and care. You will find out where to buy lilac seedlings with delivery by Russian post.
Lilac is a genus of shrubs that belong to the Olive family. The genus consists of about 10 species that are distributed wild in Southeast Europe and Asia, mainly in China.
Lilac leaves opposite, usually entire, falling in winter. The flowers are white, pink or purple, located in panicles at the ends of the branches. The fruit is a dry bivalve box.
The height of the lilac ranges from 2–8 m, the diameter of the trunks is 20 cm. Young trunks are covered with smooth bark, old ones with cracks.
Foliage blooms early and stays on branches until frost. Lilac bloom is influenced by several factors: its variety and weather conditions. As a rule, lilacs bloom from late April to early June.
With proper care, the life expectancy of lilacs is about 100 years. The culture is easy to care for, it calmly tolerates frosts. In terms of popularity, the plant occupies one of the leading places among ornamental shrubs along with hydrangea and garden jasmine.
Lilac pests and diseases are:
- bacterial necrosis;
- bacterial rot;
- powdery mildew;
- verticillium wilt;
- lilac hawk hawk;
- lilac moth;
- lilac leaf mite;
- lilac bud mite;
- mining moth.
To protect the plant from diseases and pests, preventive treatment of the crop against pathogens should be carried out in a timely manner. Only in this case, you can be sure that the tree is protected and will bloom in full force!
Over a century and a half, approximately 2,300 hybrid lilac species have been bred. They are classified by the shape of the flowers (double and single), by the color of the petals (white, purple, bluish, pink, purple, complex), by size (the flowers are small, medium and large).
Many beginner gardeners wonder what time to plant lilacs. The most optimal time for planting lilacs in open ground is the period from mid-July to early September. It is not recommended to plant a crop in spring or autumn, since in this case the tree does not take root well and practically does not grow during the year. It is necessary to plant the plant in a sunny area with moderately moist soil, its acidity should be in the range of 5.0–7.0.
How you choose the right seedling for planting depends on how the tree will grow and develop. When buying, pay attention to the root system, it must be undamaged and not dry. Before planting a tree, it is necessary to remove all injured and dry roots from it, and shorten the remaining ones by a length of 30 cm. You will also need to remove injured stems, and shorten very long ones.
When planting several seedlings, the distance between them should be 2–3 m. With medium or high soil fertility, it is enough to dig a hole 50 cm deep and wide. With sandy soil, the size of the hole must be doubled, since it will additionally need to fill it with nutrient soil mixture (humus, wood ash and superphosphate). If the soil is acidic, then wood ash will need 400–600 g.
Lay a drainage layer on the bottom of the planting site, then cover it with soil mixture so that a mound is formed. Then place the seedling in the middle of the hole just on the resulting mound. Spread the lilac roots and fill the hole with soil mixture at the rate of 20 kg of humus mixed with 30 g of superphosphate and 200 g of wood ash.
The root collar of the planted crop should be 2–4 cm higher than the surface of the plot. Water the tree well, and after absorbing the liquid, cover the soil surface with a layer of mulch 5–7 cm thick.
Caring for lilacs
Growing lilacs in the garden is quite easy, as it does not take much time to care for. This shrub can grow without your participation, but it is still recommended to water it systematically from the beginning to the middle of summer as the soil dries up. Under one bush, 2-3 buckets of water should be poured.
Loosen the surface of the tree circle 3–4 times per season to a depth of 4–7 cm. It is important to remove weeds in a timely manner. In August-September, the crop should be watered only in case of a long drought. After 5–6 years, the lilac will turn into a dense and beautiful shrub.
For the first few years, lilacs are fed with only a small amount of nitrogen. From 2 years old, 65–80 g of ammonium nitrate or 50–60 g of urea are added under the lilac. Experienced gardeners advise feeding the plant with organic matter by pouring 10–30 liters of slurry under the tree bush. Once every 2-3 years, lilacs need to be fed with phosphorus and potassium.
Many growers strongly recommend repotting lilacs 1-2 years after planting. This is due to the peculiarity of lilacs to quickly consume all the nutrients in the soil. In this regard, after 2 years, the soil is no longer able to provide lilacs with all the necessary substances, despite systematic feeding.
It is not recommended to transplant 3-year-old lilacs before August. Young plants should be transplanted at the end of flowering at the end of spring, otherwise they will not have time to take root well before the first frost. The pit for transplantation should be the same size as for planting.
All injured and damaged branches must be removed before transplanting. After that, dig the shrub along the perimeter of the crown and pull it out of the soil along with the ground. Then move the tree to a new seat, and cover it with a sufficient amount of fertile soil.
Lilacs do not need to be pruned before they are several years old. At this time, skeletal branches are in the process of formation. In the 3rd year, you should begin to form the crown - this process will take you several years.
Pruning should be done in spring before sap flow and buds begin to swell. To do this, select 5–7 equidistant beautiful branches from each other, delete the rest. Also cut out the entire root shoot.
Remove about half of the flowering stems the following year. The basic principle of pruning is the presence of no more than 8 healthy buds on 1 skeletal branch, and the removal of the excess part of the branch to prevent plant overload during flowering.
Sanitary pruning should also be carried out during shaping pruning. To do this, remove injured, withered, painful or cold-damaged branches.
If desired, you can give the lilac the shape of a tree. To do this, purchase a seedling with a powerful straight vertical branch. Shorten it to the height of the trunk, after which form 5–6 skeletal branches from the growing shoots. Also systematically free the trunk and near-stem circle from overgrowth. After the end of the formation of the standard lilac, annually thin the crown.
Lilac is propagated by seeds only by specialists in nurseries. Gardeners use vegetative methods to propagate varietal lilacs: layering, grafting and cuttings. You can buy already grafted seedlings or own roots obtained from layering or cuttings.
The advantage of own-rooted lilacs over grafted ones is less exactingness, quick recovery after winter, easy reproduction by vegetative methods. Own-rooted lilacs have great durability.
Types and varieties of lilacs
There are about 30 types of lilacs, most of which grow in gardens and parks. Below we will talk about the most popular types of lilacs that are suitable for growing in the Moscow region and other regions of the country.
Miss Helen Wilmot
Miss Helen Wilmot terry variety of lilac was bred in France. The tree reaches a height of 2.5–3 m. The plant has large snow-white inflorescences, which are collected in panicles of 3 pieces. It begins to bloom from 2-3 decades, flowering lasts 2-3 weeks.
The variety is drought-resistant, negatively related to the close occurrence of groundwater.
Miss Helen Wilmot is easy to care for, it is enough to water and feed the crop in a timely manner, remove weeds. It is also necessary to carry out formative pruning to maintain the decorative shape of the shrub.
The plant can be used on the site both singly and in groups with other trees.
This is a natural type of hybrid lilac, in which the inflorescence is formed from several lateral buds. The size of a Chinese lilac bush is about 3 m.
The Chinese lilac is unpretentious to the soil, but prefers to grow on loamy, alkaline and fresh soils. It is desirable to water the plant as often as possible during flowering, and in the summer - only on very hot days.
Primrose is a shrub variety reaching a height of 2–2.5 m, with a dense and spreading crown. It has green-yellowish buds, in the open sun it fades to white.
The historic birthplace of this plant is France. Sensation is a straight-growing deciduous shrub that grows up to 3 m in height. The flowers are dark lilac with a whitish border.
Sensation blooms at the end of May.
This variety of lilac has good frost resistance, which allows it to be grown in central Russia. Charles Jolie is a dense, large shrub with a rounded crown. It grows up to 3.5–4 m in diameter. It grows by 30-50 cm per year. The plant has flowers of a pinkish hue, collected in large inflorescences.
This shade-loving variety of lilac is found in broad-leaved forests of the Far East. Amur lilac needs well-moistened soil.
The culture is a multi-stemmed tree with a lush spreading crown. It can grow up to 20 m in height. It is cultivated as a shrub, the height of which does not exceed 10 m. The shrub reaches a height of 7 m. Dense branched stems are directed upwards. Dark green leaf plates reach a length of 12 cm, have a ciliated edge.
This variety of lilac reaches 1.5 m in height. The length of the leaf plates is only 2–4 cm. Meyer is a frost-resistant species, suitable for growing in the Moscow region.
This hybrid was bred by crossing lilac finely cut and Afghan. The shrub reaches a height of 3 m. Popular forms are:
- white lilac with white flowers;
- red lilac with red flowers;
- dissected - dwarf Persian lilac with spreading branches and small openwork leaf plates.
This hybrid was bred by crossing common lilac and broad-leaved lilac. There are several popular forms of lilac:
- Esther Staley - the buds have a red-violet hue, the diameter of the flowers is about 2 cm. The length of the inflorescences is about 16 cm.
- Churchill - the buds have a purple-red color.
- Purple Glory - dense inflorescences consist of simple flowers of a purple hue.
This type of lilac is also called lagerstroemia. Indian lilac is a deciduous tree-like, but most often shrubby plant. The area of natural growth is China, but the culture has received its distribution from India and Southeast Asia. As a garden crop, lagerstromia can be found in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea coast.
There are varieties of culture that have an ampelous form of growth. In nature, the plant can grow up to 10 m, but when cultivated indoors, it rarely reaches a meter.
The first Indian lilac buds can be seen already in early January. Abundant flowering occurs at the beginning of July and continues until mid-autumn.
Beauty of Moscow
A popular lilac variety all over the world. The height of the bush reaches 3–4 m, the diameter of the crown is about 3 m. It begins to bloom in late May or early June with double white flowers, which at first have a pink color with a mother-of-pearl tint.
Where to buy lilac seedlings
You can buy lilac seedlings in our online seedlings store. We offer high-quality and healthy seedlings of both lilacs and other ornamental, fruit crops and shrubs. You can buy berry bushes from us at attractive prices with delivery by mail throughout the country.
We love our customers and offer each customer a nice gift as a bonus. We give a free consultation on the proper planting, cultivation and care of the acquired crop.
Place an order with us if you want to have a high yield and enjoy pleasant fruits or attractive shrubs!
How to care for lilacs? - Gardeners and gardeners
How beautiful are flowering lilac bushes, exuding a marvelous, incomparable aroma! Admiring them, we feel with excitement the approach of the long-awaited summer!
Lilac is the most beautiful and favorite flowering shrub, perhaps, among all flower growers.
Domestic and foreign breeders have created unique large-flowered varieties of absolutely amazing colors and shades that adorn not only amateur gardens and squares, but also the most famous parks, historical monuments and even government buildings.
Leonid Alekseevich Kolesnikov's lilac has become a truly unique phenomenon in international breeding.
It is his famous varieties with huge multi-colored (white, red, purple, pink, bright lilac) inflorescences, reaching a length of 50 cm, that adorn Red Square and the Kremlin.
They also grow around Buckingham Palace in London. And in Washington, the white “Kolesnikovskaya” lilac has become an integral part of the landscape around the White House!
Today, every gardener can choose from a variety of existing varieties of lilac to his liking. The plant is very hardy and durable. With proper care, it can live in one place up to 90 years old However, when growing lilacs, there are a number of features that should be remembered.
In this article we will tell you how to properly care for lilacs so that they will please you with bright, lush flowering for a long time.
PECULIARITIES OF GROWING LILAC
Lilac bushes were brought to Russia from France in the middle of the 18th century. At first, it was grown only in royal gardens and noble estates. But then it very quickly "settled" throughout the country.
Since this shrub quickly cleans the air and is not afraid of smoke, they began to plant it along roads, in city squares, on central streets and boulevards.
We start caring for lilacs when choosing a place to plant them. This is a very photophilous plant. It will bloom luxuriantly only bathed in the sun. Therefore, young lilac bushes are planted in a well-lit place, in extreme cases - in scattered penumbra.
Lilac soils need fertile, loose and light, with a neutral reaction. On sour - it will not grow.
Since today there are many different colors of flowers of this wonderful shrub, when planting a lilac garden or a corner of relaxation, they try to alternate plants with contrasting colors. This enhances the impression of a flowering garden.
Lilacs need regular abundant watering, especially before and during flowering. The roots of the plant need active air exchange, therefore, in spring and autumn, near-stem circles under lilacs are shallowly dug up, and then mulched with hay or freshly cut grass. During the summer, they are loosened another 6-7 times to a depth of 5-6 centimeters so as not to damage the root system.
Fertilizers are applied twice per season. At the end of April, nitrogen supplements are given (with rotted manure or a solution of urea), and in the fall, ready-made mineral complexes containing phosphorus, potassium and all the microelements necessary for plants are introduced under the bushes.
THE MOST IMPORTANT THING IN CARE OF LILAC IS SHAPING AND CUTTING
Lilac gives a huge amount of growth. If it is not regularly removed, then young growing shoots will take away all the nutrients from the main bushes, and they will very quickly lose their varietal characteristics. Therefore, all newly emerging shoots must be ruthlessly cut out.
In order for the bush to be even and beautiful, it needs to be trimmed regularly, removing too long or improperly growing branches. This operation can be carried out only after flowering is over. If you prune in early spring, you can remove all the flower buds, and the bush will not bloom!
To make lilac bushes always look young and fresh, they are rejuvenated every 15 years. All old branches are cut at the base. Of the younger ones, the strongest ones are selected, growing vertically upwards, and the skeletal branches of the bush are already being formed on them.
Also in early spring, additional pruning is done to regulate future flowering. The fact is that it is difficult to predict how abundantly the lilac will bloom. It depends on many reasons (warm summer, abundant fertilizer, good care).
But if in one year the lilac blossomed too luxuriantly, then in the next year the effect of its "fatigue" occurs. Few flower buds are laid.
To avoid this, every year in early spring cut out a number of shoots with excess flower buds.
Remove any dead panicles after flowering. This must be done so that next year's flower buds are laid on the bushes. Otherwise, all the nutrients will go to the formation of fruits on the inflorescences. And the flower buds won't start.
Another important point in caring for lilacs is cutting flowering branches into bouquets. If done carefully, it will benefit by stimulating the formation of new flower buds. But if you break them out, damaging the bark and tissues of plants, then you can cause irreparable harm to the lilac bush, injuring it and creating a source of infection with various diseases.
Modern varieties of lilac have increased resistance to pests and diseases. In addition, they are not afraid of severe frosts and do not require additional shelter for the winter.
In order to prevent spring sunburn and to kill overwintering pests, it is recommended to whitewash the trunks and bases of skeletal branches with a special garden whitewash in autumn (late October) and spring (early March).
Lilacs are easy to care for. It won't take you long. But the effect will be very noticeable.
LILAC VARIETIES FOR YOUR GARDEN
Choosing lilac varieties for planting in your garden, you involuntarily get lost: there are so many of them, and they are all so beautiful!
That's why we offer you the best varieties, tested by us, which will certainly give you many joyful moments with their unusual lush, long flowering and wonderful aroma, which they will fill your beautiful garden with.
We have the best varieties of Leonid Kolesnikov with large flowers, collected in huge racemes, with an amazing "lilac" aroma:0004 (bright purple), Brest defenders (transfusing from milk to snow-white), Kolesnikov Olympiad (pale pink), Bands of Moscow , 9000 9000. Leonid Kolesnikov (iridescent pink-lilac-violet).
Absolutely stunning newest foreign varieties:
Edward Gardner (bright pink), Primrose (the only golden yellow in the world!), Hydrangea (two tone soft pink with whitish milky tan), Massena not visible at all).