How to care for avacado tree
How to Care for Avocado Trees
by Teresa O'Connor
Ever wonder how to grow an avocado tree?
Native to southern Mexico, avocados (Persea americana) are subtropical trees that grow best in semi-humid climates in zones 9 to 11, with temperatures ranging from 60 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
Avocado trees are ideal for California's coastal climate, where the weather stays moderate and doesn't get too hot in summer. Avocados become less productive in temperatures of 100 degrees Fahrenheit.
Above is a Southern California garden where an avocado tree grows near a red Japanese maple just starting to leaf out for the spring. The avocado tree has lots of new flowers blooming for future harvests.
How to Plant Avocado Trees
Avocado trees grow best in full sun in a fine, sandy loam soil with excellent drainage. They won't tolerate heavy, clay soils well. Using Fiskars hand tools, you’ll be able to loosen soil, dig a shallow hole and plant your avocado tree with ease.
Pick a spot for your avocado tree.
Make sure that tree will be protected from heavy winds which can cause fruit drop and defoliation.
Dig a hole.
The hole should be as deep as the root ball and slightly wider on the sides, usually about 6 inches. The Fiskars garden hand tool set includes a transplanter with depth measurements to remove the guess work from planting your avocado tree.
Plant the avocado tree.
Gently ease the tree into the hole, as the root ball is fragile. Cover the edges of the root ball with topsoil, but don’t over pack to soil.
Water the avocado tree.
Thoroughly water the newly planted avocado tree.
Fertilizing and Manures
Don't add manures when planting avocado trees. The high amounts of salt and ammonia can lead to root burn and tip burn on the leaves, according to University of California Agriculture and Natural Resources. Some experts recommend not fertilizing avocado trees in the first year. After that, use a balanced citrus tree fertilizer, and follow manufacturer instructions. A Fiskars transfer shovel is a great option for transporting fertilizer in your garden.
Water deeply and regularly, but let the tree dry out slightly between watering. To conserve moisture, mulch trees with 3 or 4 inches of coarse wood chips. Always leave several inches between the mulch and tree trunk. Learn how to conserve rainwater for your gardening needs.
Avocado trees don't like to be overly pruned, especially when they are producing fruit. You can, however, remove dead branches at any time. Use a Fiskars pruner to prune your avocado tree for shape and to control its size. For taller avocado trees, try a Fiskars extendable pruner.
Incidentally, avocados don't ripen on the tree. Pick avocados at their mature sizes and while still firm. Then, let them ripen at room temperatures for a week or two, until the avocados become soft and ready to eat
Colder Climate Growing
Want to grow an avocado tree but live in a colder climate? Try growing a Wurz (Little Cado) avocado tree in a container, which can be moved indoors during the winter. Even this dwarf avocado tree will eventually grow about 10 feet tall, according to University of California Orange County Master Gardeners. So, it's probably only a temporary arrangement but worth a try. In colder weather, bring the tree inside and place in a south-facing window for plenty of light. When temperatures warm up, move the tree back outside.
How to Grow and Care for an Avocado Tree
If you live in the southern tip of the United States or further south, you have the unique opportunity to grow an avocado tree outdoors in your garden. These tall, evergreen fruit trees are best known for their creamy fruits with abundant health benefits. The tree’s thick, bright green foliage is also grown for its ornamental value. However, it is important to keep in mind that all parts of this tree, including the fruit, are toxic to a wide range of animals .
|Common Name||Avocado Tree|
|Botanical Name||Persea americana|
|Plant Type||Tree, Fruit|
|Mature Size||60 ft. tall, 30 ft. wide|
|Sun Exposure||Full, Partial|
|Soil Type||Loamy, Sandy, Well-drained|
|Soil pH||Acidic, Neutral|
|Bloom Time||Late Winter, Spring, Early Summer|
|Flower Color||Yellow, Green|
|Hardiness Zones||9-11, USA|
|Native Area||North America, Central America, Asia|
|Toxicity||Toxic to pets|
How to Plant an Avocado Tree
It is best to plant avocado trees outdoors in the spring. This allows the tree ample time to become established before cooler, winter temperatures arrive. This is especially important in the northern areas of the avocado tree’s hardiness zones. Choose a planting location that provides ample room for these tall trees to grow. Plant them at least 10 feet away from structures and allow for at least 30 feet in between each avocado tree, if you’re planting more than one.
Keep in mind that the root system of avocado trees is quite sensitive, so try not to unnecessarily disturb the roots during the planting process. Dig a hole that is wider than the root structure. The depth of the hole should generally match the height of the root ball, since planting the tree too deep or too shallow can cause problems.
The trees are vulnerable to high winds so very young, soft, and immature trees may benefit from support. Choosing a planting location that offers wind protection will help keep your tree upright and healthy. Just be sure the your tree receives plenty of sunlight and has well-draining soil. If soil conditions are less than ideal, amend the soil with sand or another well-draining substrate before planting. Avocado trees can also be grown in a container, though this will eventually stunt their growth.
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Avocado Tree Care
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Like most tropical plants, the avocado tree thrives on a lot of sunshine. Plant this tree in a location where it can receive at least 8 hours of sunlight every day. These trees can tolerate partial shade, but grow best and produce more fruits when kept in full sun.
Avocado trees prefer rich, loamy, and well-draining soil. It is important that the soil is aerated and does not hold onto excess water, as soggy soil can lead to root rot. A soil pH that is acidic to neutral, between 5 and 7, is ideal. These trees are sensitive to alkaline soil.
Adding a layer of mulch around the tree can help the soil retain the right amount of moisture and will offer protection to the avocado tree's shallow root system. Be sure to keep the mulch about 6 inches away from the base of the trunk to avoid suffocating the roots or causing collar rot.
Avocado trees benefit from infrequent, deep watering. This encourages deeper, stronger root growth. Wait until the soil begins to dry out, then water deeply. During the summer months when temperatures are hot and conditions may be dry, the avocado tree will require more frequent watering. Young trees also require more frequent watering as the tree establishes. Mature trees should receive around 2 inches of water per week.
Temperature and Humidity
These famous fruit trees can only be grown outdoors in USDA hardiness zones 9-11, limiting them to tropical and subtropical climates, unless you decide to grow an avocado tree indoors. They are frost-sensitive and grow best in temperatures between 50 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fertilizing an avocado tree during the growing months will help encourage healthy growth and fruit production. Start in the late winter to early spring and feed until the fall, depending on the specific instructions included with your chosen fertilizer. Nitrogen is important for this tree, so be sure the fertilizer you choose has high amounts of nitrogen. Fertilizers specifically designed for avocado or citrus trees work well.
Pollinating an avocado tree can be a bit tricky. These trees have what are called ‘perfect’ flowers, which means each flower has both female and male parts. However, avocado tree flowers open their female and male parts at separate times, making self-pollination possible but not always as fruitful. For optimum pollination, it is ideal to have two avocado trees.
Avocado trees are considered either type A or type B. Type A trees open their female parts in the morning of the first day and their male parts in the afternoon of the second day. Type B trees open their female parts in the afternoon of the first day and their male parts in the morning of the second day. These different times make cross-pollination possible between the two types. When choosing which trees to plant, be sure you have both type A and type B for the best results.
Types of Avocado Trees
All avocado trees stem from three main varieties: Mexican, West Indian, and Guatemalan. Within these categories, there are several avocado varieties available.
- Hass: One of the most popular avocado varieties, the Hass avocado is often found in grocery stores. It is a hybrid of Guatemalan and Mexican avocado varieties. This is a type A tree that produces thick, bumpy-skinned, rich, and creamy fruits. It is more sensitive to heat than other varieties. Hass avocado trees are known to produce a reasonably sized yield when grown on their own.
- Fuerte: Also a widely known avocado type, the Fuerte avocado is a type B tree often grown with Hass avocados. This variety is also a hybrid between Guatemalan and Mexican varieties. These trees produce large, oval-shaped fruits with relatively smooth, thin skin that peels away easily. The fruits have less oil content than Hass avocados. These trees are also more sensitive to heat, making them a good fit for the northern borders of the avocado's growing zones.
- Pinkerton: This type A, Guatemalan tree is popular for its smaller size and large fruit yield. It produces oblong fruits with flesh similar to the Hass avocado—rich and creamy. These trees require a type B avocado tree to produce a significant fruit yield.
Harvesting homegrown avocados is satisfying since a good amount of time and patience goes into growing these creamy fruits. For nursery-bought trees, you can expect to see fruit in three to four years. For avocados started from seed, it may take five to 13 years before fruits appear.
When fruits appear, wait until the avocado grows to its mature size. The fruits do not ripen on the tree, so avocados are picked as soon as they are full size. Bring the avocados indoors and let them rest on a counter until ripe. Give the avocado a gentle squeeze to test for softness. Once the flesh is soft but not squishy, it is time to enjoy the fruits of your hard work.
How to Grow Avocado Trees in Pots
Though they will not reach their full height, avocado trees can be kept in containers. This is ideal for small yards or gardens near the northern edge of the avocado’s growing zones, as potted trees can be moved to a protected area when cold weather arrives.
Young trees or dwarf varieties are ideal as these will stay small for some time. When choosing a container, be sure it drains well and has unobstructed drainage holes. Breathable materials such as terra cotta make a great choice, as water and air can freely move through the container. Fill the container with well-draining soil, such as compost and sand.
Pruning avocado trees will encourage more manageable, bushy growth. It is best to start when trees are young. If grown from seed, start pruning when the seedling is only 6 inches tall, snipping off the top pair of the leaves. When it reaches a foot in height, trim back 6 inches. After this, prune the tree yearly.
Mature trees require occasional pruning to keep the tree clean and to create adequate space for air and light to travel through. Light pruning can be done any time of year, though heavy pruning should be done in the early spring. Prune away any low-hanging branches to keep the tree clean and accessible. Prune thick areas to ensure adequate light and airflow. Cut back any dead wood and trim away V-shaped branches. Continue to prune the tips off the brranches if you decide to keep the tree on the smaller side. Remember, start slowly and do not take off more than one-third of the length of each branch.
Propagating Avocado Trees
Propagation is often done through grafting, layering, or cuttings. It is best to propagate in the spring when new growth is abundant. Grafting is often done to combine the desirable qualities of two different varieties of avocados while layering and starting cuttings are done to produce duplicate trees. Here’s how to perform each method of propagation:
You will need sharp snips, moist and well-draining potting soil, a small pot, and IBA rooting hormone.
- In the spring, select new growth that is 5 to 6 inches long and has several leaves that have not opened.
- Using sharp snips, cut the new growth branch at a 45-degree angle.
- Wound the cut end by scraping at the bark on either side of the cutting. This will encourage root production.
- Dip the cutting into IBA rooting hormone.
- Bury the cut end into moist, well-draining soil.
- Keep the soil moist and place the cutting in a sunny area.
- After a couple of weeks, gently tug the cutting to check for resistance, which indicates root growth. Repot the cutting into a larger pot or outdoors.
You will need sharp snips, a sharp knife, and something to cover the grafted area, such as grafting tape.
- Follow steps 1 and 2 as if you are taking a cutting.
- Remove the tip of the cutting, along with any leaves that are present.
- Then, wound the tree you would like to graft onto by removing a section of bark.
- Make sure the cambium of the cutting and the cambium of the tree are touching.
- Secure the cutting onto the tree, making sure to cover the exposed areas.
- In a few weeks, the grafted branch and the main tree should be fused together.
You will need a sharp knife, a rooting medium that can be wrapped around a branch, and rope or tape to secure the rooting medium around the tree.
- Select the branch you would like to take as a new tree.
- Using a clean knife, cut two circles around the branch to create a section of bark that can be peeled away.
- Once the bark is removed, scrape the inner branch to clean the cambium away.
- Wrap the exposed inner branch with rooting material, such as compost in a small bag (make sure the compost is wrapping the branch, not the bag) or another rooting medium. Secure around the branch.
- In several weeks, roots should develop. When this occurs, cut the branch off below the formed roots and plant the new tree.
How to Grow Avocado Trees From Seed
Starting avocado trees from seed is a fun, simple project. However, it is important to keep in mind that seeds will not produce trees identical to the parent tree. To do this, you will need an avocado seed, a jar of water, toothpicks, a sharp knife, a small pot, and well-draining potting soil. Then follow these instructions:
- Using a sharp knife, poke three or four holes around the circumference of the avocado seed.
- Poke the toothpicks into the holes. This will create the supports needed to suspend the seed in water.
- Submerge the thick, or bottom end, of the seed into the water. Around one-third of the seed should be in the water.
- Place the seed in a sunny location and change the water daily.
- After a few weeks, roots should form and leaves should appear at the top of the seed.
- Once this occurs, gently plant the seed in well-draining soil.
When grown in the appropriate zones, avocado trees do not require extra care during the winter. For trees grown on the northern edges of their growing zones, it is best to keep them in pots so they can be moved indoors or to an area protected from cold weather.
Common Pests and Plant Diseases
Common pests that may bother an avocado tree include mites, caterpillars, borers, lace bugs, and thrips. Diseases include root rot, fruit rot, sun blotch, and cankers. Be alert to the presence of these pests or early signs of disease. Prompt action is the best way to remedy any developing problems before they threaten the health of your avocado tree.
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“The Scoop on Avocado and Your Pets.” ASPCA, https://www.aspca.org/news/scoop-avocado-and-your-pets
Avocado. Care and cultivation at home. How to Grow an Avocado from a Seed
Avocado is an exotic evergreen plant. Many floriculture lovers know that it is not easy to grow avocados at home, much less wait for the harvest. Its fruits, unique in taste, could please more than one grower. But, unfortunately, avocados with fruits at home are rather an exception to the rule. Although they do not always plant an orange or persimmon seed, hoping for a quick result. You can wait more than one year, hope and at the same time enjoy a fruit bush or tree.
With a strong desire, you can plant an avocado seed and patiently follow all the necessary rules for growing and caring. What if your dream comes true, and you wait at home for the harvest?
1 How to grow avocado from a bone of
2.6 Transplanting an avocado
3 Diseases, pests and other problems
How to grow an avocado from a seed
To grow this unusual overseas plant, you will definitely need a ripe avocado fruit. Only the seed of such a fruit has a great chance of sprouting. This process can be done in two ways:
- The first way (closed) is simple and simple. The avocado seed should be stuck into the soil with its wide bottom side to a shallow depth (approximately 2 centimeters). When favorable conditions are created, it should germinate in about 30 days.
- The second way (open) is interesting and even exotic.
Before planting in the ground, the stone must be germinated in water in a suspended position. First, it must be thoroughly washed and cleaned. Then, approximately in the middle of the bone along the circle line, you need to carefully drill three or four holes, into which you then need to insert thin wooden sticks (for example, matches or toothpicks). They will act as a support when we lower the wide lower part of the bone into a container of water. These sticks, like clamps, will hold the bone at the required height. The main thing is to constantly monitor the amount of water in the tank. The bottom of the bone should always be in the water.
Instead of water, special polymer granules (hydrogel) can be used to germinate an avocado seed. This polymer material can hold a large amount of water for a long time. In this method, it is very convenient, you do not need to monitor the level.
Only 20-30 days will pass, and the first young roots will appear, and then a sprout. The stone will be ready for planting in the ground when the roots reach 4 centimeters in length.
First you need a small flower pot with large holes. The earth doesn't have to be dense. It must be well loosened to ensure the necessary air and moisture exchange. The stone is planted in the soil so that two-thirds of its part is on the surface of the soil. There is no need to remove the shell on the bone.
Avocado - growing and care at home
Location and lighting
Avocado is a light-loving plant, but partial shade is also suitable for it. It needs to be protected from direct sunlight. If your house or apartment has a room with west-facing windows, then such a window sill will be the perfect place for this fruit.
Since the avocado is native to the tropics, it naturally loves warmth. In the event of a sharp drop in temperature or the slightest draft, the plant will begin to show its discontent - all the leaves will immediately fall off. Therefore, even in warm summer weather, it is undesirable to take it outside.
And the room must also be kept at a constant temperature. In the warm season, high room temperature will be favorable for avocados, but in the cold winter, 20 degrees of heat will be enough for him.
The plant also has a dormant period in winter. If in winter the temperature in the room drops to 12 degrees, then the avocado will immediately react - it will shed its leaves and switch to the “hibernation” mode. But with proper care and constant temperature balance, this cannot happen. This tropical plant is considered evergreen.
Rules for watering
Avocados at home should be watered regularly and plentifully, but taking into account the temperature and season. Over watering can be harmful. In summer it is watered more often than in winter. After the top layer of soil has dried, it should take another couple of days before you start watering the plant. Immediately, only its upper part dries up, and inside the pot for about two more days, the moisture necessary for the avocado remains.
Humidity is also of great importance. The air in the room is almost always dry, and this is very harmful for this plant. Daily spraying will help solve the problem. It is very important that during such water procedures only the air near the avocado is moistened, but not the plant itself. Even small droplets should not fall on its leaves.
There is another way to moisten - this is a special tray for a pot with moistened claydite.
Top dressing and fertilizing
From September to March, the plant does not need top dressing. But the rest of the time, once a month, avocados need to be fed with fertilizer recommended for citrus fruits or any other complex top dressing.
Transplanting an avocado
In nature, avocados grow up to 20 meters in height. Although at home it will not reach such heights, it grows quite actively and requires frequent transplantation. Very soon the first small pot will be too small for him. As soon as the tree grows to 15 centimeters, it's time to transplant it into a large container. At a young age, avocados are transplanted every year, and in the future it can be once every three years.
The land in which it grows is of great importance for the development and growth of a plant. Specifically, for avocados, any loose and light earth is needed, but not acidic. It would be good to add wood ash or dolomite flour to such soil.
When transplanting a plant into a new pot, use the transfer method. Carefully move the tree along with the clod of earth.
You can make your own avocado-friendly potting mix. To do this, you will need: peat (or humus), garden soil and coarse river sand. All components must be mixed in equal parts.
This tropical plant at home may well become a decorative decoration of the room. True, this will require a little experience in floriculture. For example, you can grow several plants from avocado seeds and plant them all together in one flower pot. In the meantime, the plants are young and flexible, you can twist their stems together with a pigtail.
In order for the plant not to stretch in height, but to acquire splendor in the form of side shoots, it must be pinched. This procedure can be carried out only when there are a sufficient number of leaves on the tree (at least eight). First, pinch the top of the plant, this contributes to the development of side branches. And after they are sufficiently formed and acquire their leaves, you can pinch them too.
Pruning is carried out in early spring. It is necessary to improve the growth and development of the plant, as well as to form the crown you need. It can be completely different. It all depends on the imagination of the grower.
Diseases, pests and other problems
Avocado, like all indoor plants, is afraid of the same pests - scale insects and spider mites. A gluttonous spider mite can not only destroy all the leaves on a plant, but can also carry various diseases to other indoor flowers. Shchitovka feeds on plant sap. After its appearance, only dry leaves remain. You can fight such pests with various folk methods or insecticidal preparations.
Powdery mildew is the main disease hazard to avocados.
Other problems may occur during cultivation:
Leaf tips dry. Causes - irrigation rules are not observed (lack of moisture), insufficient air humidity. It is necessary to establish regular watering (only after the top layer of the earth has dried) and humidify the air in the room by spraying.
Leaves are falling. Causes - drafts and lowering the air temperature in the apartment. It is necessary to maintain the optimum temperature in the room and avoid drafts.
Paleness of leaves. Reasons - lack of lighting. It is necessary to find a suitable place for the plant or organize additional (artificial) lighting for it, especially in winter.
Fruit garden in the apartment Garden: trees and shrubs
Indoor avocado - the subtleties of care at home. Photo — Botanichka
Avocado is often called the easiest indoor fruit plant to grow from seed. But just about the fruits of the house one has only to dream, because it is almost impossible to achieve flowering of avocados at home. But almost everyone can get their spectacular large tree from the bone left from the tasty fruit. But to reveal the beauty of the plant, you have to try. Extremely photophilous, avocado grows quickly, loses its decorative effect even faster in the wrong conditions and requires special attention. Indoor avocado will not become an interior decoration with careless watering and without thoughtful formation.Indoor avocado - the subtleties of care
Giant avocado in room format
Representing the Laurel family Avocado ( Persea ) is one of the most popular fruit crops, whose fruits are indispensable for a healthy diet. It is also one of the fastest growing plants. The annual growth of avocados in comfortable conditions is about 80 cm. Evergreen shrubs and tree avocados in room format sometimes shed their leaves for the winter, recovering in the spring.
The shoots of the plant are straight, with a beautiful light bark. Lanceolate-elliptical, whole, dark, with a beautiful matte sheen, avocado leaves in length, even in rooms, can exceed 20 cm. Large drupes of fruits with a shiny, thick, dark green, tuberous-wrinkled shell develop slowly, up to 10-15 cm in length. A hard, large, oval-ovoid bone is characterized by almost 100% germination.
But in room conditions it is almost impossible to achieve flowering of avocados, it is considered a rarity even in greenhouses. Avocados only flower on very large trees, requiring complex cross-pollination. The plant has several types of female flowers that bloom with a time difference with male ones. Because of what, even in nature, only a few ovaries out of hundreds of flowers are tied.
Only grafted avocados (purchased or self-grafted onto stock) can bear fruit in rooms, but even these will be difficult to produce. You need ideal conditions and several plants for cross-pollination. They can be grown in the same container, intertwined into multi-stemmed trees at a young age, or simply placed side by side. The traditional indoor avocado is a decorative leafy large-sized, grown from a seed.
Avocado is one of the plants dangerous for pets (bark and leaves contain toxins).
In most cases, retail chains do not indicate the varieties of fruits sold, and it is very difficult to establish the variety of indoor avocados. The exception is well-known trade names (dark-skinned "Haas" , elongated "Russell" , "Cocktail" mini-avocado, gentle "Fuerte" , reminiscent of oil "Royal" , etc.).Avocado pit can be germinated in a substrate or in water
Growing avocado from pit
The heavy and very large avocado pits left after the healthy and tasty pulp is used for snacks and salads beckon for experimentation. Only seeds taken from a ripe, intact fruit can be germinated. And here the epithet "the most delicious" is more than appropriate.
It is not necessary to remove the shell from the bone. But in this way, germination will accelerate, and it is easy to remove it: just wash the bone in warm water and dry it for a day.
Avocado seed can be germinated in the substrate or in water . In the latter option, small transparent containers with a diameter slightly smaller than or equal to the bone are used. It is carefully fixed with toothpicks or matches (slightly pressing them on the sides into the pulp to create “supports”) or simply placed in cups so that only the lower part is immersed in water. The “bottom” of the bones is lowered into the water by 1-1.5 cm. Care comes down to inspecting and maintaining the level and purity of the water.
Planting in substrate is more effective, it eliminates the need for planting after germination. Planting is carried out in large pots with a diameter of 12 to 15 cm, in a mixture of peat and sand, filling the pots so as to leave room for filling the substrate (4-5 cm below the edge). The stone is deepened, pressing only the flat end into the substrate and leaving the top above the surface - about 1/2-1/3 of the height. After planting, water with warm water.
For avocados, you need to maintain stable soil moisture (about 70%), a temperature of at least 21 degrees and bright lighting. It is allowed to cover with a cap with frequent ventilation.
You can wait from 3 weeks to more than 3 months for spectacular bone cracking. The seeds rooted in water are planted in the substrate, leaving 1/2-1/3 above the soil surface.
After the sprout has grown to a level of 10 cm, it is worth to sprinkle the stone completely with the substrate to accelerate rooting and growth. But you can leave it above the soil for decoration.
Growing Conditions for Indoor Avocados
Extremely photophilous, indoor avocados, however, do not tolerate direct sun. You can place them in rooms only on the windowsills on the southern windows, but with protection. In winter, indoor avocados are desirable to illuminate.
Avocados tolerate heat well, provided they maintain high humidity. During the period of active growth, the optimum temperature is above 21 degrees Celsius. For flowering and fruiting, avocados should winter at a temperature of 5 to 7 degrees Celsius, to preserve the leaves - from 5 to 12 degrees.
Avocado does not like drafts, but loves to spend the summer outdoors.
Avocado does not like drafts, but loves to spend the summer outdoors
Read also our article Secrets of growing avocados at home.
Caring for avocados at home
Avocados do not respond well to both complete drought and dampness. Allow the topsoil to dry out before watering. For the winter, watering is reduced, drying the soil more, but still preventing the soil from drying out completely. Avocados will prefer abundant, but more rare watering with warm, 2-5 degrees higher than the air temperature in the room, settled, soft water.
Avocado loves high humidity. Frequent spraying is enough for the plant, but if you want to simplify care, you should take measures to install humidifiers - trays with wet pebbles.
Indoor avocados usually receive occasional standard top dressing. Enough universal fertilizers, which are applied in liquid form at the dosage recommended by the manufacturer. Top dressing for avocados is carried out all year round, 1 time per month during the period of active growth and 1 time in 2 months in winter.
Leaves should be dusted regularly. Avocados love warm showers.
Trimming and shaping an avocado
Without shaping, an avocado can become a real indoor giant. For thickening, forming a beautiful crown, limiting the height of the trunk, which will gradually become more and more bare, the best strategy is to pinch the shoots in time and shorten the tops.
The first pruning is carried out when the avocado reaches a height of 20 cm, cutting or plucking the top and limiting growth, and then simply pinching off the emerging side shoots. When reaching a height of 60-80 cm, you can re-cut off the top. You can form the crown of young plants as you wish, including the complete absence of any measures.
Full pruning for avocados older than 3 years is used only on very elongated, damaged plants, during overgrowth and for sanitary purposes, removing thin, unproductive, dry, broken branches. On adult avocados, you can not cut more than a third of the main trunk.Avocado, ready to cut. © syntkAvocado after cropping. © syntk
Transplanting, containers and substrate
It's best to let the avocado fully develop in the containers and then gently transfer to larger pots. Transplantation is carried out in spring or early summer, when the container is filled with roots. Usually, avocados are transplanted every year only up to 4 years, then limited to 1 procedure in 3-4 years. If the maximum capacity is reached, the transshipment is replaced by the removal and replacement of the top layer of soil (2 times a year).
Any soil that is loose and not prone to acidification and compaction is quite suitable for avocados. For example, a universal substrate or a mixture of soddy soil with sand and leafy soil in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. If possible, it is better to choose mixtures with humus or replace leafy soil with humus. Loosening additives, including perlite or fine expanded clay, are welcome.
It is important not to injure the roots during the procedure.