How to care for pomegranate tree
How to Grow Pomegranates - Growing In The Garden
In this post, I answer common questions about how to grow pomegranates successfully, including how to plant and care for pomegranates, how to eat pomegranates, and questions about typical problems with pomegranates such as dried out or rotten fruit, and what to do about leaf-footed bugs.
I’ve partnered with Kellogg Garden to bring you this post about how to grow pomegranates.
One of the oldest cultivated fruits, there are literary references to pomegranates dating back to Old Testament times and beyond. Pomegranate fruit has leather-like smooth skin that ranges from pink and green to red and brown surrounding the arils.
Arils are the edible part of the fruit and are surrounded by sweet, juicy pulp. Even without the nutritious fruit, pomegranates are a beautiful tree that provide shiny green foliage, crimson blossoms, and stunning yellow foliage each year just before the leaves fall.
Pomegranate leaves turn yellow before they fall
Heat-loving and drought-tolerant pomegranate trees are especially suited to growing in warm arid regions such as parts of Arizona and California. Learn how to grow a pomegranate tree and enjoy it for years.
Disclaimer: this post contains affiliate links. See my disclosure policy for more information.
11 of your top “How to Grow Pomegranates” questions answered:
1. Is a pomegranate a bush or a tree?
Typically pomegranates are grown as a tree, but they can be grown as a large bush by allowing suckers to grow, and keeping it pruned for size.
Prune as trees by selectively removing suckers and training it into a multi-trunked tree. [/right]Either way you choose to grow them, pomegranates (Punica granatum) are deciduous with a height and spread of 12 to 20 feet. Dwarf varieties can be grown in large containers.
2. What type of pomegranate should I plant?
Choose a type suited for your climate (some do well in cooler zones), and choose dwarf varieties for containers if you want to move them to protected locations for the winter.
- Balegal – Large fruits with pale pink skin; sweet flavored flesh, hardy to zone 7.
- Crab – Medium to large fruit with bronze skin; tart but rich flavor; productive.
- Early Wonderful – Large fruits with thin red skin; tart flavor; very productive.
- Granada – Medium fruit with crimson skin; semi-sweet; matures early; hardy to zone 7.
- Sweet – Medium fruit with pink skin; green skin with red flush; very sweet; productive; bears at a young age.
- Utah Sweet – Medium-sized fruit with pink skin; sweet flavor and soft seeds; pink flowers.
- Wonderful – Large fruits with red skin; tangy, flavorful, soft seeds; large red flowers; productive. This variety grows well in the low desert of Arizona.
3. How do you plant pomegranates?
- It’s best to plant trees in the spring or fall in warm places like Arizona.
- Pomegranates need plenty of sun to thrive and produce fruit. Look for an area that gets at least 6 hours of direct sun.
- Good drainage is crucial for pomegranate trees, but they tolerate almost any soil, even poor or alkaline ones.
- Plant pomegranates in a hole as deep as the nursery pot and twice as wide.
- In cooler climates, grow pomegranates near a south-facing wall or in a large container that can be moved to a protected location during cold weather.
4. How do you care for pomegranates?
Pomegranate trees are generally easy to care for, requiring minimal maintenance once planted.
- Water newly-planted trees more often until established. Water pomegranates deeply during the heat of the summer.
- Fertilize pomegranates just as they leaf out (around February) with a large covering of compost (preferred) or use an organic fertilizer 2-3 times per year.
- For the first 3 years, it is recommended to shorten shoots to encourage a strong, sturdy plant.
- Pruning pomegranate trees is not necessary. However, if desired you can prune pomegranates for size, to remove crossing branches and suckers, or to train against a wall or trellis.
- The best time to prune pomegranate trees is after they have dropped all their leaves, just before they begin to leaf out in the spring. Pomegranate trees can also be pruned lightly throughout the year.
- Thin pomegranate fruit to 1 fruit about every 6 inches. Thinning the fruit promotes large fruit and prevents limb damage from heavy fruit.
5. It’s spring and my pomegranate tree still doesn’t have leaves; is it dead?
Be patient. Pomegranate trees are often slow to leaf out each spring. However, if you had temperatures lower than 10 °F, your pomegranate tree may have experienced frost damage. Wait until late spring to see if one or more of the trunks are damaged. Remove dead wood.
6. I had plenty of blossoms but no fruit; what is wrong with my pomegranate tree?
Pomegranate trees begin to yield fruit about 3 years after planting. More mature plants hold onto the flowers and fruits better (less drop). Conditions that adversely affect yield in older trees include excess watering, poor drainage, over-fertilization, and not enough sunlight.
Cross-pollination is not required with pomegranate trees, but planting more than 1 tree (even the same type) can increase fruit set.
7. How can I tell when a pomegranate is ready to harvest?
Different varieties of pomegranates begin to be ready beginning in August through November.
- Learn when the typical time and color of ripeness is for your type of tree.
- The color of the rind and arils are good indicators that pomegranates are ready to pick.
- As the pomegranate ripens it changes from being perfectly round to more hexagonal in shape as seeds swell.
- The stem and blossom ends of the fruit begin to flatten.
- The fruit’s skin changes from a glossy sheen to more of a matte or rough finish.
- Ripe fruits easily twist off the stem. (it’s best to cut fruit off the tree)
- Still not sure? Try one to see if it’s ripe.
- If fruit begins to split – it’s time to harvest!
- Ripe fruits left on the tree will often fall – telling you it’s time to harvest!
- Listen for a metallic sound when you tap the fruit to help determine readiness.
- Once fruits ripen on tree, do not leave on the tree as they may begin to split.
What’s the best way to eat a pomegranate?
Here is my favorite method:
To quickly harvest pomegranate seeds: cut the pomegranate in half, score each ridge on the outside rind, and hold it in your hand (peel side up) over a bowl of water. Hit the rind with a flat wooden spoon – the seeds should fall into the bowl and leave just a few seeds in the rind.
Looking for a great way to use your freshly harvested pomegranate arils? This Pomegranate Jalapeño Cream Cheese Dip is a family favorite.
9. Why is my pomegranate fruit splitting?
- Fruit that is left on the tree too long can begin to split.
- Splitting fruit can also be caused by fluctuations in soil moisture. Mulch pomegranate trees well to help keep soil evenly moist.
- Water on nearly-ripe fruits can cause splitting.
10. Why does my pomegranate fruit look rotten inside?
- Pomegranates are susceptible to Alternaria fruit rot and Aspergillus fruit rot; both cause the fruit to rot as fungus can grow inside fruits after rainfall.
- Leaf-footed bugs can carry a fungal yeast that may cause arils to darken and wither.
- Be diligent about removal of old fruit, cracked fruit, and dead branches to reduce the incidence of the fungus.
- Avoid overwatering and water stress which can cause cracked fruit and allow entrance for the disease.
11. What can I do about leaf-footed bugs on my pomegranate tree?
Leaf-footed bugs have piercing/sucking mouthparts that suck juices from ripe fruit. These pests can damage entire crops if not controlled. If they are a problem for your tree, the following tips may help:
- Learn to identify all stages of leaf-footed bugs: eggs, nymph, and adult.
- Examine plants early in the season and often (daily or several times a week) for all stages of the bug. Remove and destroy all forms of leaf-footed bugs. Early detection and elimination is key in controlling them.
- For best results, look for the pests in the morning since the bugs are less likely to fly away.
- Look for their rope-like eggs under leaves.
- Neem oil or insecticidal soap can help, but only at the young nymph stage.
- Remove overwintering locations for leaf-footed bugs such as woodpiles, weeds, debris, and hollowed out pomegranates left on the tree or on the ground.
- Leaf-footed bug eggs
- Leaf-footed bug nymph
- Adult leaf-footed bug
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How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree: The Complete Guide
One of the fruits growing in popularity across the country is the pomegranate. Lately it seems like there’s been a pomegranate explosion in the food world with the fruit appearing in more and more recipes and showing up in your grocery’s produce section. But as a gardener, have you ever wondered how to grow a pomegranate tree in your own garden? Is is tricky? What does it take? Can it even be done where you live?
Pomegranate trees are pretty resistant to disease and even pests, which makes them a more low-maintenance option for gardens. Some trees are dwarf in size, at around only three feet, while others can grow between 20 to 30 feet in height. In the warmest climates, pomegranate trees can be evergreens and will attract hummingbirds for miles around.
If you are a fan of pomegranates or pomegranate tree and wonder if they’re right for your garden, then keep reading this guide on how to grow a pomegranate tree.
Where Do Pomegranates Like to Grow?
Pomegranates are thought to have originated in Iran (it was called Persia then). It quickly spread throughout the Mediterranean region, the Middle East, India, parts of Africa, and the drier parts of Asia. Pomegranates love it hot and dry.
In the US, pomegranates do best in hardiness zones 7-10. Click here for a map of those zones. If you live in one of those areas, congratulations — you can grow pomegranates!Types of Pomegranate Trees
Before you begin your pomegranate growing adventure, you need to know which tree you will be planting and the purpose for planting the tree. Those who want to grow pomegranates for consumption or sale should not purchase just any pomegranate tree they see without knowing what kind it is first.
Here are three varieties to make you aware of.Nana
The smallest of the pomegranate trees is the Nana Pomegranate tree. It is just over 3 feet and is the most adaptable in a colder growing zone at its tallest. This tree is often found in landscaping and used as border plants. While it does produce small fruit, the eating quality of them isn’t considered to be very good. So if you are looking to grow and harvest edible pomegranates, you should select a different variety.Wonderful
The Wonderful Pomegranate tree is the most commonly found pomegranate across the country and it’s meant for harvesting. The Wonderful variety makes up 95% of the US pomegranate consumer market so if you’ve ever eaten a pomegranate, chances are that it was a Wonderful pomegranate you enjoyed.
The climates this tree grows best in are usually moderate or dry and very warm. The Wonderful Pomegranate tree is meant to yield fruit (lots, in fact), so if you want pomegranates as a source of income or personal consumption, this might be the right tree for you.Sweet
The Sweet Pomegranate tree produces fruit early in the season. These pomegranates are often much sweeter than the Wonderful tree variety. You can expect to get a successful harvest from these pomegranate trees, but their taste may not be what you are expecting if you’re accustomed to the flavor of standard, tart pomegranates.
But You’ll Need a Little Patience…
No matter which pomegranate trees you choose to plant, keep in mind that it will take at least two years before your first fruit harvest. After growing a pomegranate tree for a year and not getting anything the following season, you need not be discouraged. Sometimes it can take up to three years before the first pomegranate fruits start to form and ripen.
How to Grow a Pomegranate Tree: Getting Started
So now that you’ve selected your pomegranate tree variety, you’ll want to carefully plan when and how to plant the new addition to your garden.When to Plant
Before you plant your pomegranate tree, you need to ensure that the last frost has passed, especially for trees that are still really young. The soil around the tree should be loose so that the tree and its roots can become established.
If your soil is too compact, take a hand or rake cultivator to the ground where you are planting the tree and break it up a bit. If you plan to plant a row of these trees, you may want to get an electric tiller to break up the soil in a row.
Either way, make sure that the ground is loose, and the temperature is starting to rise. You do not want to shock pomegranates by putting them in the ground and forcing them to go through an unexpected frost. This could leave your pomegranate tree vulnerable to diseases and pests. The shock could also stunt the growth of your trees for several weeks, even if they are able to survive the weather snap.Space Out Your Trees
If you are planning to plant multiple trees, you want at least 15-20 feet between each tree, especially if harvesting the fruit is the goal. If you have the smaller ornamental shrubs that you are using as a border, your spacing can be anywhere from six to nine feet apart. These trees need enough room to spread out above ground, but the roots also need space below the dirt so that each tree has its own space.Sunlight is Best
If you are not sure where to plant your pomegranate, select the part of your yard or garden that has at least six hours of direct sunlight. This area can be partially shaded, but you do not want full shade since pomegranates enjoy sun and warmth.
If you can put them in a location that gets more than six hours, your pomegranates will do even better.Watering the New Trees
Once your pomegranate tree is planted, you want to ensure that it has adequate water for the first couple of months. Keep in mind that these trees, in general, are pretty tolerant of dry spells. Once they mature and their roots are established in the soil, they can showcase their hardiness when rain is few and far between. To prevent shock and give them the best start, steady irrigation on these trees is necessary.Too Much Water Can Be Dangerous
Because these trees have a high drought tolerance, too much water can be dangerous, especially while the trees are young. If you have had excessive rain over the last week and the ground is getting saturated, you need to try and drain the water from around the trees. While pomegranate trees are usually resistant to disease, overly wet soil can lead to fungal infections, which can be dangerous for a pomegranate tree.
How to Care for YourPomegranate Tree
Pomegranate tree care begins immediately once you plant your trees. You must take several steps weekly and even biannually to encourage the tree’s growth and a successful harvest of pomegranates when the time comes.Weekly Tree Care
Early in the first two months, you want to make sure that the pomegranate trees are getting the right amount of water to keep them hydrated but doing so without drowning them. If you planted your trees and experienced an unusual dry spell, you may want to water twice a day to the trees hydrated. Make sure when you water them, you do so at the base of the tree so that you do not create conditions for fungal infections on the leaves.
As your pomegranate trees start to grow and develop strong roots, you want to cultivate around the base of the plant once a week to keep the soil loose early on. You do not need to keep this up after the first year, but while the tree is getting established, it is good to make sure the soil is well aerated.Biannual Tree Care
Twice a year, you need to add fertilizer to your soil to give your pomegranate trees the nutrients they need. While they can survive in poor soil, they’ll thrive in soil that is amended. By adding fertilizer to the soil during these periods, you can replenish the nutrients that the pomegranate trees have absorbed and even change the pH of the soil to make it more acidic for the trees.
This is only required until you get your first harvest of pomegranates. Once fruit comes in during the growing season, you can dial back the fertilizer to once a year after the season is over and winter is starting to roll into the area.
Too much fertilizer over time can burn a pomegranate tree and its roots. Like water, there is too much of a good thing in over-fertilizing, and the fact that a harvest is producing means the need for fertilizer is reduced.Pruning
The time to prune your pomegranate trees depends on how well they are growing. Once you cut back on your weekly maintenance for watering, you still should step outside once a week and examine your pomegranate tree. Make sure you immediately remove any suckers before they grow much. If they are not pruned properly, the shape of your tree will start to change.
If you want to encourage a higher production yield when the time comes, prune away some of the branches. This lets the tree focus on the fruit and growth. As always, if you see any branches that look diseased or dying on the tree, remove them before infection spreads and causes severe damage to the tree.Reduce Pests and Diseases
While it is no secret that the pomegranate tree is pretty hardy when it comes to diseases and pests, there are some times when they get the best of the trees because of current conditions. Trees that are stressed are most susceptible so keeping your pomegranate tree healthy is the best defense against disease and pests.
Be on the lookout for common pests like scale, mealy bugs, whiteflies, and pomegranate butterflies that take advantage of shrubs and trees that have not been properly pruned. They feed on diseased branches and then get into the trees, causing disaster.
When there is too much water, you can expect diseases like soft rot and fruit spots that are caused by fungal infections. Consider using an organic fungicide and insecticide on your pomegranate trees weekly to prevent either of these from taking over and destroying the trees that you have worked hard to grow.
Enjoying the Fruits of Your Labor:Harvest Time
Now that the first two growing seasons have come and gone, it is year three, and you start to notice baby pomegranates growing on the branches. Make sure you stay on top of that preventative pomegranate tree care to keep the insects and fungus away. There are several signs to look for when it is time to harvest your pomegranates.
The first thing you notice about your pomegranates is that the color has gotten darker and more profound. They do not look shiny or glossy, but their color is so deep that it seems a bit flat and one-note.
If you think that the color has changed, you need to take a closer look at the shape of the fruit. Ripe pomegranates will be longer and look more like a hexagon with corners instead of fully round.
Finally, you want to tap your finger against the pomegranate and see if the sounds bounce back. It will sound tinny or even slightly metallic.
If your pomegranate fruits meet all of these criteria, then it is time to harvest the fruit.Carefully Remove The Fruit
When you start harvesting your pomegranate fruit, you cannot simply pluck it off the tree — doing so can damage both the tree and the fruit. Instead, use pruning shears and cut the stem close to the fruit.
A pomegranate that is fully intact and undamaged will keep at room temperature for 1-3 weeks. When refrigerated, pomegranates will last even longer — about two months.
If a pomegranate has split, it won’t keep and should be used right away. Pomegranate juice and arils can be frozen for up to a year.
Common Culinary Uses for PomegranatesPomegranate Molasses.
After you’ve waited patiently for your pomegranate harvest to come in, you may wonder “How am I going to eat all this fruit?” If you think pomegranates are just for juicing or sprinkling into salads, you’re in for a tasty surprise.
Pomegranates are a versatile fruit with all sorts of culinary uses. There are the well-known ones like salads (both in aril form and also as a salad vinaigrette), juicing, and smoothies. But pomegranates can also be made into beverages like tea or lemonade, be used for desserts, used in baking, and they even have a place in savory dishes.
For inspiration, visit this link to our blog article of 21 recipe ideas for pomegranates.
If you live in the right planting zone, then we hope this guide has been helpful in providing what you need to know for how to grow a pomegranate tree in your garden. By taking steps to get your tree off to the right start, you’ll ensure that it’s healthy enough to fight off diseases and pests. Giving your tree the proper care it needs will result in a bountiful harvest of pomegranates that you can enjoy all winter long.
Excited to learn more about this magical fruit? Then check out our pomegranate trees page for information on pomegranate planting, growing, harvesting, cooking, and more!
Buy Pomegranate Trees Here
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Desertnyi Pomegranate Tree
Tom's Red Pomegranate Tree
Gissarskii Rozovyi Pomegranate Tree
Purple Heart (Sharp Velvet) Pomegranate Tree
Pink Satin Pomegranate Tree
Outdoor pomegranate care: cultivation, planting in the garden
- Garden pomegranate varieties
- Propagation of pomegranate
- Seed propagation
- Propagation by cuttings
- Root propagation
- How to plant a pomegranate outdoors
- Pomegranate care in winter
- A set of conditions conducive to the care of pomegranate in the garden
- Lighting and temperature
- Pomegranate soil and irrigation
- Formation (cutting) of the pomegranate crown in open ground
- Top dressing of pomegranate in the open field
- Diseases and pests of pomegranate outdoors
- How to harvest pomegranates in the garden
Pomegranate is an ancient culture, the fruits of which bring unconditional health benefits. Pomegranate ripening is possible in a city apartment and in the open field. It is best to grow pomegranate in open ground where there are hot summers and warm winters, the most favorable conditions are in the south of Russia. A good harvest is to be expected if the pomegranate is planted correctly and the pomegranate is properly cared for outdoors.
Pomegranate grows well in warm climates
Garden pomegranate varieties
Ideal varieties for outdoor cultivation are:
- "Pink stripe" has the corresponding color, the fruit contains large grains;
- “Red Gulosha” juice has a sweet taste, the color of the fruit varies;
- Nikitsky early - a variety with an average grain size, sweet and sour juice;
- Dwarf pomegranate, the fruits of which in the open field do not exceed 70 grams, the bush stretches up to 1 m in length; during the first flowering period, large multi-colored flowers appear from bright red to greenish; up to 10 fruits can be removed from one bush, which have a lot of useful properties for the body, one of which is the cleansing of the digestive system;
- special Crimean varieties.
Varieties are classified according to the size and shape of the fruit, grains, properties of their constituent elements. Planting and care for a particular variety may also vary.
Watch this YouTube video
Propagation of pomegranate
There are three methods of pomegranate propagation: seeds, cuttings and root shoots.
Propagation by seed
Passes as follows:
- Take unpeeled seeds directly from a mature pomegranate and place in a growth stimulating solution for 10 hours.
- Seeds must be evenly immersed in the ground (it can be a special mixture) to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, they must be covered from above with the same soil layer by 1.5 cm. It is possible to create a greenhouse above the vessel.
- Seedlings should be given regular watering and fresh air.
- As soon as the sprouts reach 3 cm in height, they will need a pick, you can seat them, taking into account the distance between them 3-4 cm.
- A second pick is required after three months.
Seeds for planting are taken from fresh ripe pomegranate
Propagation by cuttings
This method is considered the best, one hundred percent yielding:
- From an adult shoot, take a cutting with buds, having a length of 25 cm.
- Followed by several hours of soaking in stimulating solution.
- The cutting should be placed in warm ground at a depth of 10 cm, there should be one internode on top.
- Successful seedlings are favored by moist soil and greenhouse conditions.
- After a few months, germinated seedlings should be planted in separate containers.
Propagation by root shoots is used when it is necessary to rejuvenate the pomegranate tree. Strong root shoots should be carefully separated and planted for growing in the garden.
It is preferable to carry out this procedure in the spring. By winter, they will gain flexibility and withstand any covering material that will save them from the cold.
Watch this video on YouTube
How to plant a pomegranate outdoors
Planting a pomegranate outdoors is not an easy task. A number of conditions must be checked before landing:
- outdoor temperature must be at least -15 °C, the plant will only be able to survive temperatures below that for a short time;
- it is best to plant a pomegranate in an elevated area in the garden on the southwest side, where sunlight enters unhindered, and the winds do not reach, groundwater should not flow nearby;
- ideal soil option - alkaline with good drainage from expanded clay and crushed stone.
The procedure for planting a pomegranate in the garden includes several steps:
- Dig a hole 60x70 cm.
- Thoroughly fertilize the bottom of the pit with humus, compost, sand, add a layer of soil from above.
- Place seedlings at an angle of 40-45 degrees in the holes in the pit at a depth of about 40 cm.
- Roots cut off, they must be sprinkled and compacted with a layer of earth of at least 15 cm, there should not be any voids.
- Supports may be placed next to the seedlings to facilitate their maintenance.
- Seedlings should be provided with abundant watering, the earth should be periodically loosened.
- Mulching will not interfere with seedlings: covering the pomegranate with a special protective material, which can be straw, humus, weeds.
Under such conditions, it is possible to grow pomegranate in open ground in 3-4 years.
Watch this YouTube video
Pomegranate care in winter
How to care for a tree in winter? The question worries many gardeners who have planted pomegranates. The main task is to protect the plant from hypothermia, this danger appears at -10 °C. For this it is necessary to prepare a reliable shelter:
- Spray a pomegranate bush with Bordeaux mixture.
- Tied up the branches of a tilted tree with rope and fastened to iron stakes.
- Pour out the earth with a volume of about 4 shovels.
- Top with earth from the row spacing in a layer of approx. 20 cm.
- An additional layer of spruce branches can be laid on top.
- Pomegranate must be freed from ropes in May, when positive temperatures are established.
Bordeaux mixture is used for spraying pomegranates before wintering
A set of conditions conducive to the care of pomegranate in the garden
Most gardeners grow pomegranates for their nutritious fruit, but not everyone knows how to properly care for a pomegranate in the garden.
Lighting and temperature
For flowers to appear, the temperature in the garden must be kept at + 12 ° C, fruits may appear at a temperature of 17-18 ° C. A growing tree should receive enough sunlight, other trees should not shade it. Hot weather and dry air are not afraid of him. The temperature sum for the year must be at least 3000 degrees.
Pomegranate soil and irrigation
There should be no stagnant moisture in the drainage, fruits of poor quality may be the result of excessive or insufficient soil moisture. Only moderate watering guarantees a quality harvest, if there is a lot of water, then the flowers may begin to crumble. The earth must be loosened from time to time for the unhindered entry of air and water inside.
Formation (cutting) of the pomegranate crown in open ground
It is necessary to form a crown not only for beauty, but also for the safe stay of the plant in the garden. It is most preferable to form a crown in the spring or after harvest. In order for the pomegranate to have the shape of a bush, first you need to remove all dry branches, then cut off the basal shoots. The 5 strongest trunks should remain, which are in an inclined-fan position.
Also, mandatory pruning is carried out every 20-25 years in order to prolong the youth of the tree and get rid of obsolete branches.
Watch this video on YouTube
Top dressing of pomegranate in the open field
It is best to feed the pomegranate before planting, but you can do it when the tree is withering, the right time is summer. It is desirable to give the pomegranate mineral complexes, which contain potassium, phosphorus, nitrogen, preferably in liquid form. In the autumn, during digging, fertilizers will also not be superfluous for the tree, you can mulch the tree with manure.
The best organic fertilizer that pomegranate accepts is mullein, you can use chicken manure. They should be applied at least once every two weeks.
Diseases and pests of pomegranate outdoors
Among the diseases that can affect pomegranates in the garden, there are:
- leaf spots;
- root cancer will help overcome garden var;
- gray mold.
Effective agents for the elimination of spotting and gray mold are:
- insecticide to be dissolved in water;
- Bordeaux liquid.
Garden grenade attack:
- spider mite;
- pomegranate codling moth.
Codling moth pomegranate
To prevent the appearance of harmful insects, it is necessary to carry out periodic inspection of the bushes. As a preventive measure, it is useful to spray the plant annually with Bordeaux liquid before the bush blooms, or after flowering. It is useful to lubricate the barrel with lime mortar. Also help to avoid pests:
- loosening and weeding the soil;
- pruning of dry and old branches;
- removal of dead leaves.
How to harvest pomegranates in the garden
In the garden, the pomegranate bears fruit at different times. It is worth removing the fruits from the bushes before ripening only in case of inclement weather. They can be folded in the attic of the house to dry. Mature pomegranates must be removed from the branches before they crack.
planting, care, growing from seed + plant photo
With the onset of winter, pomegranate fruits appear on our shelves. Many of us love it. Have you quite possibly seen a photo of a pomegranate tree and would like to have it at home? Surely you were wondering, but what will happen if you plant a pomegranate seed at home? Will the tree grow?
In nature, the pomegranate tree can reach 5 to 10 meters in height. At the same time, its harvest is about 60 kg of ripe and tasty fruits. Pomegranate is considered a medicinal fruit - it contains a lot of vitamin C, sugars, citric acid, tannin.
Among those who like to grow various exotic plants and trees at home, the dwarf form of the pomegranate tree is known. In height, such trees are not very large - they reach up to 60 centimeters. They look decorative. They bloom beautifully.
Brief content of the article:
Description of the pomegranate tree
The territory of modern Iran is considered to be the birthplace of the pomegranate tree. It was brought to the American continent by the Spanish conquistadors at the end of the 18th century. A photo of a ripe pomegranate in a section - more like a scattering of precious stones.
Pomegranate is a deciduous plant. The leaves are opposite, reaching a length of up to 7 centimeters. They have an elongated shape, collected in a group at the base. The flowering period falls on May-August.
Bright, red-orange flowers, fairly large. Visually similar to a large bell. Blooming pomegranate tree - it's very beautiful!
Growing a pomegranate tree at home
If you decide to grow a pomegranate tree at home on your windowsill, you must immediately remember that it will not produce edible fruits. The plant will be more decorative than fruit.
To obtain seed material, you need to buy a large pomegranate without visible damage on the skin of the fruit. To plant a pomegranate tree, you will need a few seeds, the rest can be safely eaten.
Remove the pulp from the grains, rinse well and let dry from moisture. You must have hard grains. Their color is more like ivory. Grains of a different color, soft - do not fit.
Dried seeds can be planted. To do this, take a pot (a clay pot would be ideal), fill it with a loose substrate (sand, earth, peat). Do not forget about drainage - pomegranate roots do not like too wet soil.
Plant the seeds about one centimeter deep into the pot. Do not forget about the distance between the seeds - they should not be buried in one recess. Water. You can cover the pot with polyethylene - this will add moderate moisture to the surface of the soil.
If you did everything right, you had mature and healthy seeds - expect the first sprouts within two weeks. After they grow a little and get stronger, you can remove the polyethylene. If there are weak sprouts in the pot, it is better to remove them immediately.
The pomegranate pot can be moved to a well-lit area. The plant requires regular watering. You can use a spray bottle for this.
As soon as the sprouts have leaves, they can be transplanted into separate pots. The soil can be taken universal or made independently. You will need one part of leaf humus and turf, half of sand and peat.
Since the pomegranate has a shallow root system, it grows well in shallow containers. Its main requirement is the presence of good drainage.
If the plant is transplanted into the ground in winter, when there is little daylight, take care of additional lighting. If the sprouts do not have enough light, they may stop growing.
The topsoil needs to be renewed annually (upper 2-3 cm). Plants can be formed in the form of a bush on a low trunk.
Before the bud break, the tree must be pruned - to make a small crown eruption. It is necessary to cut out all weak and diseased branches. After five years, all branches older than this age must be completely removed.
Propagation of the pomegranate tree by cuttings
Propagation of plants by cuttings is the most common method. With a cutting, all of its genetic material, disease resistance, and crop quality are transferred to the plant.
In order to get a good stalk, it is necessary in spring to choose the middle of a branch 2 years old, on which there are already at least three buds. The length of the branch should be about 15 centimeters. Place it in water for several days to stimulate root growth.
After soaking, the cutting can be planted in the ground, which will be similar to the substrate for the seeds. About four weeks after planting in the ground, the cutting should have a root system. A month later, the plant is ready for transplanting into a larger pot.
The soil should be sandy for a mature tree. After it is fully grown and its height is at least 50 centimeters, your pomegranate tree is ready for planting in open ground or transplanting into a large pot, where it will grow constantly. As you can see, planting a pomegranate tree does not require a lot of effort.
How to care for a pomegranate tree
Pomegranate tree does not require care at home. He is quite unpretentious in his care, but some basic rules still have to be followed.
The ideal summer temperature for growing pomegranates should not exceed 25 degrees. In winter, the plant tolerates a temperature of 15 degrees well. When the frosts end, the pot can be transferred to the balcony or to the winter garden.
The soil in the pot must not be dry. In summer, watering should be plentiful and frequent. In winter, it needs to be reduced a little. Water it exclusively from above.
To obtain fruits (at home they will be mainly decorative), you can feed the plant. Use an all-purpose fertilizer about once every two weeks.
During dormancy, the tree will shed its leaves. This is a natural process, so don't be alarmed. In order for the pomegranate not to shed its leaves, you can place it in a warm room. True, this does not have a very good effect on his growth.
After the buds appear on the branches, move the tree pot to a lighter time. Increase the amount of watering. All weak shoots will need to be removed. Thus, all healthy branches will receive more nutrients from the ground.