How to care guava tree


Growing Guava in Pots | Guava Tree Care and Information

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Growing Guava in Pots is the best way to enjoy these tasty fruits in a small space like a balcony or a patio! Here’s all you need to know!

Growing Guava in Pots is not only easy but rewarding too! All you need is a small container and this plant will give you enough harvest for the entire family!

Check out our article on growing blueberries in pots here

Guava Tree Information

Guava is a small tropical tree that grows 5-6 meters high on average, but if properly pruned it does not exceed the height of 3 meters. This makes it perfect for growing in containers.

Its leaves are born in pairs with a pale green color and leathery texture.  Fruit shape, size, the color of flesh and skin usually depends on the variety. Maturity is observed when the shell reaches a yellowish-green, yellow, pink, or pale color.

Other Names: Amrood, Amrut Phala, Araçá-Goiaba, Araçá-Guaçú, Banjiro, Brazilian Guava, Brazilian Red Guava, Common Guava, Fan Shi Liu, Feuille de Goyavier, Goiaba, Goiabeiro, Goyabe, Goyave, Goyave Jaune, Goyave Rouge, Goyavier, Goyavier du Brésil, Guaiaba, Guaiava, Guajava, Guava Leaf, Guava Leaves, Guava Peel, Guava Pulp, Guava Seed, Guava Seed Protein, Guavas, Guave, Guavenbaum, Guayaba, Guayabo, Guayave, Koejawel, Lemon Guava, Pépin de Goyave, Psidium, Psidium guajava, Pulpe de Goyave, Red Guava, Yellow Guava, Bihi


Best Guava Varieties to Grow in Pots

Over 100 varieties of guavas are identified in the world, different from each other by their flavor and appearance. 

Guava Ruby Supreme, Lucknow 49, Psidium Guajava Nana (Dwarf Guava), Tikal Guava, Red Malaysian (Also grown for ornamental purposes), Patricia, Indonesian Seedless, Indonesian White, and Safeda are some of the best ones you can grow in pots.


Propagating Guava Tree

From Cuttings

Growing guava from cuttings requires specific temperature and humidity, this method is suitable in warm climates. Just snip away 4-6 inches long cutting and plant it in a well-draining growing medium in bright light.

From Seeds

Guava seeds are propagated easily with high germination rate. The main thing is that they must be fresh and obtained from a quality source. You can also use seed fresh seeds collected from the fruit but it is better to buy seeds from a seed store or online.

Guava tree grown from seeds take 3-4 years to mature and start to form fruits. From cuttings, it grows more quickly. However, our recommendation for you is to buy a grafted guava tree. Most of the grafted trees start to bear fruit in the same year and remain healthy.


Best Pot Size for a Guava Tree

Guava grows large, around 15 to 20 feet, but in pots, it can be reduced to 5 to 8 feet. A standard 12 to 14 inches pot will be good to start a medium-sized plant available in plant nurseries. Then, you can re-pot it within a couple of years, depending more on the growth, into one size bigger container than the previous one.

Eventually, a large 20 to 24 inches pot can easily accommodate a grown-up guava tree.


Requirements for Growing Guava Tree in a Potshutterstock/Dinesh Gamage

Location

While growing guava in a container, choose a location that gets at least 6-7 hours of direct sunlight daily. The more sun it gets, the better it will be for healthy growth and more fruiting.

Soil

For growing guava in pots, choose a quality potting mix or make your own substrate using equal parts compost, sand, and soil. The pH should be between 5.5 to 7.5. Amend the growing medium with plenty of organic matter such as well-rotted cow manure at the time of starting the plant.

Watering

When the plant is young or forming flowers, water it regularly and deeply to keep the soil slightly moist. It helps in developing more juicy and sweet fruits. Always water when the topsoil feels a little dry to the touch.

Temperature

A mature guava tree (at least 3 years old) can bear temperatures down to 20 F (-6 C). Keep it safe from cold drafts. It would be a good idea to bring the plant indoors if you live in a climate with cold weather conditions in winter.


Guava Tree Carecarousell

Pruning

Pruning is essential to keep the guava tree in desired shape and size. Dry, dead, damaged, or diseased branches can be pruned anytime.

The best is to cut back long, unbranched shoots and branches that are crossing each other and blocking the penetration of sun rays after the harvest or at the beginning of the growing season.

Fruit Thinning

Allow no more than four fruits per branch. Also, thin out the fruits if they are developing on a small and weak branch.

Fertilizer

Guava responds well to the monthly fertilizing. When the tree is young and is not bearing fruits, fertilize your potted guava tree with 6:6:6:2 [N P K Mg] to speed up the growth of the plant.

When the tree starts to bear fruits change the composition to 8:3:9:2 [N P K Mg].

Mulching

Do mulching with organic matter so that the plant retains moisture. It also helps in insulating the roots in winter.

Pests and Diseases

The guava tree is very tough, but you should keep an eye on common garden pests. Mealybugs, guava scales, white flies, fruit flies, and thrips can affect it.

In diseases, the guava plant suffers from rust, which occurs in too warm weather and high humidity. Besides this, anthracnose and leaf spots can be a problem too.

To avoid these issues, avoid overwatering and keep the plant at a location with proper air circulation.


Harvesting Guavasshutterstock/Nitavin

Most of the guava tree varieties are self-pollinating, and the fruit ripens year-round in tropical and arid climates (except in summer). Guava fruits usually mature in 3 to 4 months after flowering.

In India, generally, the main crop arrives in winter and after the summer in the rainy season. The winter crop is more flavorsome and sweet.


Guava Uses

Guava fruits taste better when picked earlier than they are fully mature. Fruits are highly nutritious, rich in vitamin C, and can be eaten raw – the seeds are edible too.

Ripened fruits can be used to make guava ice cream, juice, jam, chutney, sauce, or desserts.

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How to Grow Guava - Harvest to Table

Grow guava in your garden. Guava is a tropical and subtropical plant.

Guava is native to Southern Mexico. In the United States, it is grown mostly in Florida, Hawaii, Southern California, and parts of Texas. With protection, it can be grown in USDA Zones 8b and 9.

Guava is round to pear-shaped fruit commonly 2 to 3 inches long. Guava can be green, yellow, red, purple, or black-skinned. The flesh can be white, yellow, coral, or red. Ripe guava has sweet, moist flesh that is highly scented. Each fruit has several small, hard, but edible seeds.

Ripe guava can be halved and eaten from the shell or sliced and combined with other fruit. Guava can be pureed and made into sauces, sorbets, and mousses, or cooked down into a firm paste and sliced. It can be made into jellies, jams, and preserves. Guava can also be juiced.

In tropical regions, some guavas can grow to 30 feet tall, but in subtropical regions such as Southern California guava will grow to not more than 10 or 12 feet tall. There are dwarf guava cultivars.

The botanical name for guava is Psidium guajava.

Best Climate and Site for Growing Guava
  • Guava can be grown in both humid and dry climates; the optimal temperature for growing guava is 68°to 82°
  • Guava can be grown in USDA zones 9 to 12. In zones 9a and 8b, guava should be protected from frost or chilly weather. Guava will be damaged by frost; it may recover from exposure to temperatures as low as 29°F but will likely lose all of its leaves.
  • Plant guava in full sun; in dessert regions plant guava in partial shade or protect plants from the midday sun.
  • Plant guavas in compost-rich, well-drained soil.
  • Guavas will grow where the soil pH ranges from 4.5 to 9.4; a neutral pH is of 6.0 to 7.0 is optimal.
  • Avoid planting guava in low spots where cold air and cross can settle.

Choosing the Right Guava Plant
  • Choose a guava variety that will fit your garden; dwarf guavas grow to 3 feet tall; standard cultivars grow to 12 feet tall or taller. Some varieties can grow to nearly 30 feet tall in tropical climates.

Guava Pollination
  • Guavas are mostly self-fruitful. Some cultivars may produce more fruit when cross-pollinated with another variety.
  • Guavas bloom throughout the year, but the time of the heaviest bloom is with the onset of warm weather in spring.
  • Honeybees are the chief guava pollinator.

Guava Yield
  • Mature guava can produce 50 to 80 pounds of fruit each year.

Spacing Guava
  • Consider the size of the tree at maturity when spacing guava in the garden. Most cultivars for home gardens can be planted 10 to 15 feet apart or less.

Planting Guava
  • Prepare a planting site in full sun that is sheltered from a prevailing breeze or wind. A south-facing wall that can collect and radiate solar heat is a good spot in cooler locations.
  • Work well-rotted compost or manure into the soil.
  • Dig a hole half again as deep and twice as wide as the tree’s roots. Add a cupful of all-purpose fertilizer to the bottom of the hole.
  • Put a tree stake in place before planting. Drive the stake into the ground to the side of the hole to at least 2 feet deep.
  • Set the plant in the hole so that the soil mark from the nursery pot on the stem is at the surface level as the surrounding soil. Spread the roots out in all directions.
  • Re-fill the hole with half native soil and half aged compost or commercial organic planting mix; firm in the soil so that there are no air pockets among the roots. Water in the soil and create a modest soil basin around the trunk to hold water at watering time.
  • Secure the tree to the stake with tree ties.
  • After planting, water each tree thoroughly and fertilize with a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.

Container Growing Guava
  • Small and dwarf guava cultivars can be grown in containers.
  • Guavas can be grown in a sunroom or greenhouse where there is ample light.
  • Choose a container 24 inches wide and deep; use a potting soil formulated for citrus or palm trees.

Guava Care, Nutrients, and Water
  • Keep the soil evenly moist for best fruit production; allow the top 2 or 3 inches of soil to dry before watering again. If the soil goes completely dry, flowering may be delayed or fruit may drop. Reduce water in winter.
  • Guavas are heavy feeders; make monthly applications of an organic balanced fertilizer such as 5-5-5.
  • Protect guavas from cold weather and frost; cover plants with a plant blanket if frost threatens or place a frame around the plant and cover the frame with clear plastic sheeting. A string of electric lights can be placed inside the frame for added warmth. Move guavas in containers to a protected and warm spot.

Pruning Guava
  • Most guavas can be maintained at 6 to 10 feet tall with annual pruning. Pinch out growing tips to keep guava small.
  • Remove water sprouts and suckers regularly.
  • Prune out broken, dead, and diseased wood.
  • The fruit is borne on new growth, so pruning will not interfere with next year’s crop.
  • Trees will blossom 10 to 12 weeks after pruning; if not pruned guava will blossom in autumn.

Thinning Guava
  • Thin fruit so that no more than 4 fruits mature on each branch

Harvest and Storing Guava
  • Guava grown from seed will bear fruit in about 8 years; from seedling, guava will produce fruit in 3 to 5 years.
  • Guava fruit will be ripe and ready for harvest about 20 to 28 weeks after flowering and pollination.
  • In warm year-round locations, guava can produce two crops each year, a large crop in summer followed by a smaller crop in winter or spring.
  • Ripe guavas will develop mature colors as they ripen; ripe guava will be fully colored and have a sweet aroma. Ripe guava will give slightly to gentle pressure.
  • For best flavor, let guava ripen on the tree.
  • Ripe fruit will keep in the refrigerator for up to two weeks
  • Green-mature fruits can be ripened at room temperature; place guava in a brown paper bag with a banana to hasten ripening.
  • Mature green fruit can be stored for 2 to 5 weeks at 46° to 50°F and 85 to 95 percent humidity

Propagating Guava
  • Guava can be grown from seed; seeds take 2 to 8 weeks to germinate. Seeds do not always grow true.
  • Guavas can be grafted by patch budding, side-veneer grafting, and marcotting.
  • Guavas can be grown from root cuttings; place 5 to 10-inch root cuttings in potting mix and cover with 2 to 4 inches of soil.
  • Softwood cuttings can be rooted; treat cuttings with a rooting hormone and provide bottom heat.

Guava Problems and Control
  • Anthracnose fungal disease can attack foliage in humid climates; apply fungicides
  • Root-rot nematodes can reduce plant vigor; there is no control apart from solarizing the soil.
  • Guava whitefly, guava moth, and Caribbean fruit fly can attack guava in southern Florida. Use yellow sticky traps and pheromone traps to control these pests.

Guava Varieties to Grow

The guava varieties listed here will grow in most home gardens; most of these cultivars will not grow taller than 10 to 15 feet depending on the climate and location.

  • ‘Beaumont’: mildly acid taste; pink flesh; seedy; medium to large, roundish fruits weighing up to 8 ounces; excellent for processing; wide-spreading, very productive tree.
  • ‘Detwiler’: relatively sweet, of pleasant flavor; yellowish to salmon flesh; medium to large, roundish fruit, about 3 inches in diameter; greenish-yellow skin, moderately thick; the tree is a very heavy bearer.
  • ‘Hong Kong Pink’: subacid to sweet flavor; few seeds; pinkish-red flesh; medium to large, roundish fruit weighing 6 – 8 ounces; spreading tree, high yielding.
  • ‘Indonesian Seedless’: good flavor and aroma; seedless; white flesh; small fruit with yellow skin; dwarf cultivar available.
  • ‘Lucknow 49’: sweet flavor; few seeds, seeds are soft; milky white flesh; greenish-yellow thick skin; prolific bearer.
  • ‘Mexican Cream’: very sweet, fine-textured, excellent for dessert; creamy white flesh; small to medium-small, roundish fruits; light yellow skin, slightly blushed with red; upright tree.
  • ‘Patricia’: strawberry flavor; salmon-colored flesh; prolific bearer.
  • ‘Psidium Guajava Nana’: dwarf tree, less than 3 feet; sweet flavor; pink flesh; fruit to 2 inches long; requires little pruning.
  • ‘Red Indian’: sweet flavor; medium thick red flesh; numerous seeds; medium-large, roundish fruit with a strong odor; yellow skin yellow, often with a pink blush.
  • ‘Ruby X’: delicious, sweet flavor; dark pinkish-orange flesh; small, roundish fruit; greenish-yellow skin; a bushy low growing tree with drooping branches.
  • ‘Sweet White Indonesian’: sweet, delicious flavor; thick white, melting flesh; large, round fruit, 4 inches or more in diameter; thin, pale yellow skin; edible seeds surrounded by juicy pulp; fast-growing tree, bears several times a year.
  • ‘Tikal’: sweet flavor; aromatic; pinkish flesh; juicy; large, baseball-size fruit; yellowish-green skin.
  • ‘White Indian’: excellent, sprightly flavor; small to medium-sized fruit; moderately seedy.
  • ‘White Seedless’: white flesh of good quality; improved selection from Florida with seedless.

Also of interest:

Guava: Kitchen Basics

How to Grow Mango

How to Grow Papaya

How to Grow Cherimoya

How to Grow Passion Fruit

How to Grow Feijoa Strawberry Guava

How to Grow Citrus

How to Grow Loquats

Guava Care Guide

La Guava or guava is a tropical tree that can be grown both in the garden and in a pot. It usually doesn't get very big and even then it can be pruned at the end of winter to control its growth and development so it looks great anywhere 😉.

It is not very demanding, although, like any worthwhile plant, it has its preferences in terms of conditions for a good life.

Index

  • 1 The origin and characteristics of the guAVA
    • 1.1 The main types
      • 1.1.1 PSIDIUM GuAJava
      • 1.1.2 Cattyanum
  • 2 How to care
    • 2.1 ubicación
    • 2.2 Earth
    • 2.3 irrigation
    • 2.4 Subscriber
    • 2.5 Multiplication
    • 2.7 Village style
  • 3 What is the use of the Guava village?
    • 3.1 ornamental
    • 3.2 culinary
    • 3.3 healing
  • 4 Where to buy?

Origin and characteristics of guava

Guava is an evergreen tropical plant native to the American rainforests, belonging to the genus Psidium. They can reach a height of 5 to 10 meters. , with a rounded crown with opposite leaves, simple, from ellipse to oval from 5 to 15 centimeters. They have white flowers, consisting of five petals and a large number of stamens.

The fruit is edible, round or pear-shaped. Its diameter is between 3 and 10 centimeters and its skin is pale green to yellow or pink to red, depending on the species. The flesh is white or orange, creamy, with many hard seeds.

Main species

Most famous:

Subscribe to our Youtube channel

Psidium guajava

Image - Flickr / Mauricio Mercadante

This is a tree or shrub, grows from 2.5 to 10 meters native to tropical America. The leaves are simple, bright green to brownish green, with a very pleasant aroma. It produces white flowers and hemispherical, ovoid or pear-shaped fruits of pinkish-green, green or yellowish-cream color up to 8 centimeters in diameter.

Psidium cattleyanum

Image - Flickr / Candise Sorensen

It is known as the Peruvian guava, red araza, guayabita del Peto or guizaro, native to South America, especially Peru. Usually does not exceed 3 meters in height, but sometimes can grow into a tree up to 10 meters. . Its leaves are elliptical and the flowers are white. The fruits are spherical, red, sometimes yellow.

Listed on the 100 most harmful invasive alien species in the world by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

How to care for guava?

If you would like a copy, we recommend that you take care of it as follows:

Ubicación

These are plants that They should be outside when the weather is fine, in bright sunshine. . But if you live in an area with strong sunlight (such as the Mediterranean), it's more interesting to place it in partial shade or where the sun will shine early in the morning or late in the evening.

Earth

Grows on all types of soil. Although, if it is grown in a garden, its fruits will taste better if the soil is deep and rich in organic matter, with a pH of 5 to 7. On the other hand, if it is stored in a pot, it is recommended to use a porous substrate and have compost in it eg: 60% black peat + 30% perlite + 10% guano or worm castings.

irrigation

These plants need more or less frequent watering , especially in summer. They are not drought tolerant, so they should be watered an average of 3-4 times per week during the hottest and driest seasons, and somewhat less frequently during the rest of the year.

It is important to avoid waterlogging, therefore it should not be placed in pots without holes or in soil with a tendency to compaction, otherwise the roots will rot.

subscriber

From early spring to late summer Payment must be made with organic products: guano, compost, mulch. The frequency will vary depending on what you are using, but in principle it will be once every 15-20 days.

multiplication

Guava or guava propagated by seeds in spring . To do this, it is advisable to sow them in seedling trays or in pots, putting no more than 2 in each outlet or container, and burying them a little so that they are not exposed.

If you plant a seed bed outdoors in partial shade, they will germinate in about 10 days.

Pod

Dry, diseased, weak or broken branches can be removed in spring with pre-sanitized pruning tools.

Country style

Please note that due to its origin, does not resist cold and therefore frost , although it can withstand high temperatures and can be stored in a room with a lot of natural light if you live in a cold area. in winter.

What is the use of the guava tree?

Image - Wikimedia / Sakurai Midori

It has several:

ornamental

For its size is especially suitable for small gardens , even for large courtyards planted both in the ground and in a large pot.

culinary

Its fruit is edible when eaten raw or sliced ​​or as if it were an apple. When boiled, it is ideal for making sweets, jellies, juices and jams.

healing

Guava is one of the most complete fruits: it has about 4 times more vitamin C than an orange, making it especially suitable for to treat flu . Its leaves and stem bark astringent , as well as the root and its bark, They can be used to treat anemia and debility.

Where to buy?

You can buy seeds here:

This item was not found.

What do you think of guava?


Guava Care Guide

La Guava or Guava is a tropical tree that can be grown both in the garden and in a pot. It usually doesn't get very big and even then it can be pruned at the end of winter to control its growth and development so it looks great anywhere 😉.

It is not very demanding, although, like any worthwhile plant, it has its preferences in terms of conditions for a good life.

Index

  • 1 The origin and characteristics of the guAVA
    • 1.1 The main types
      • 1.1.1 PSIDIUM GuAJava
      • 1.1.2 Cattyanum
  • 2 How to care
    • 2.1 ubicación
    • 2.2 Earth
    • 2.3 irrigation
    • 2.4 Subscriber
    • 2.5 Multiplication
    • 2.7 Village style
  • 3 What is the use of the Guava village?
    • 3.1 ornamental
    • 3.2 culinary
    • 3.3 healing
  • 4 Where to buy?

Origin and characteristics of guava

Guava is an evergreen tropical plant native to the American rainforests, belonging to the genus Psidium. They can reach a height of 5 to 10 meters. , with a rounded crown with opposite leaves, simple, from ellipse to oval from 5 to 15 centimeters. They have white flowers, consisting of five petals and a large number of stamens.

The fruit is edible, round or pear-shaped. Its diameter is between 3 and 10 centimeters and its skin is pale green to yellow or pink to red, depending on the species. The flesh is white or orange, creamy, with many hard seeds.

Main species

Most famous:

Subscribe to our Youtube channel

Psidium guajava

Image - Flickr / Mauricio Mercadante

This is a tree or shrub, grows from 2.5 to 10 meters native to tropical America. The leaves are simple, bright green to brownish green, with a very pleasant aroma. It produces white flowers and hemispherical, ovoid or pear-shaped fruits of pinkish-green, green or yellowish-cream color up to 8 centimeters in diameter.

Psidium cattleyanum

Image - Flickr / Candise Sorensen

It is known as the Peruvian guava, red araza, guayabita del Peto or guizaro, native to South America, especially Peru. Usually does not exceed 3 meters in height, but sometimes can grow into a tree up to 10 meters. . Its leaves are elliptical and the flowers are white. The fruits are spherical, red, sometimes yellow.

Listed on the 100 most harmful invasive alien species in the world by the International Union for Conservation of Nature.

How to care for guava?

If you would like a copy, we recommend that you take care of it as follows:

Ubicación

These are plants that They should be outside when the weather is fine, in bright sunshine. . But if you live in an area with strong sunlight (such as the Mediterranean), it's more interesting to place it in partial shade or where the sun will shine early in the morning or late in the evening.

Earth

Grows on all types of soil. Although, if it is grown in a garden, its fruits will taste better if the soil is deep and rich in organic matter, with a pH of 5 to 7. On the other hand, if it is stored in a pot, it is recommended to use a porous substrate and have compost in it eg: 60% black peat + 30% perlite + 10% guano or worm castings.

irrigation

These plants need more or less frequent watering , especially in summer. They are not drought tolerant, so they should be watered an average of 3-4 times per week during the hottest and driest seasons, and somewhat less frequently during the rest of the year.

It is important to avoid waterlogging, therefore it should not be placed in pots without holes or in soil with a tendency to compaction, otherwise the roots will rot.

subscriber

From early spring to late summer Payment must be made with organic products: guano, compost, mulch. The frequency will vary depending on what you are using, but in principle it will be once every 15-20 days.

multiplication

Guava or guava propagated by seeds in spring . To do this, it is advisable to sow them in seedling trays or in pots, putting no more than 2 in each outlet or container, and burying them a little so that they are not exposed.

If you plant a seed bed outdoors in partial shade, they will germinate in about 10 days.

Pod

Dry, diseased, weak or broken branches can be removed in spring with pre-sanitized pruning tools.

Country style

Please note that due to its origin, does not resist cold and therefore frost , although it can withstand high temperatures and can be stored in a room with a lot of natural light if you live in a cold area. in winter.

What is the use of the guava tree?

Image - Wikimedia / Sakurai Midori

It has several:

ornamental

For its size is especially suitable for small gardens , even for large courtyards planted both in the ground and in a large pot.

culinary

Its fruit is edible when eaten raw or sliced ​​or as if it were an apple. When boiled, it is ideal for making sweets, jellies, juices and jams.

healing

Guava is one of the most complete fruits: it has about 4 times more vitamin C than an orange, making it especially suitable for to treat flu .


Learn more