How to care jasmine tree


Jasmine Care: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Jasmine Flowers

Jasmine Care: How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Jasmine Flowers | Gilmour

Tips & Techniques

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Delicate and dainty with small flowers, jasmine is known around the world for its unique tropical smell and pretty blossoms that attract bees. The jasmine flower is usually white, although some species are yellow or cream, and it can bloom all year long. Jasmine can grow in a pot or hanging basket. It can also be planted directly in the ground and trained to climb or grow as bushes or ground cover.

Interested in growing Jasmine? Learn everything there is to know about jasmine plant care so you can enjoy its sweet-smelling flower and full, hardy look.

  • What are Jasmine Flowers?
  • Planting Jasmine Flowers
  • Jasmine Plant Care
  • Types of Jasmine
  • Common Questions About Jasmine

What are Jasmine Flowers?

Jasmine flowers are tropical blooms that thrive in warmer climates. Most varieties have a distinct scent that is popular even off the vine. The smell of jasmine can be found in everything from teas to candles to soaps to lotion. Jasmine has bright green, glossy foliage and likes sun to light shade and relatively fertile, well-drained soil. Some jasmine plants are evergreen, meaning they will keep their green leaves year-round. While growing jasmine does require some effort, it’s well worth it, as the plant will put on a profuse, showy display of blooms that can liven up even the dullest of yards.

Planting Jasmine Flowers

Planting jasmine is easy. Just follow these simple tips.

  • When to plant jasmine – Plant jasmine bushes any time between June and November.
  • Where to plant jasmine – Jasmine will grow well in full sun to partial shaded areas. Summer-flowering jasmine does better in a sunny spot, while other varieties, such as winter jasmine, like a more shaded area.
  • Soils that jasmine thrive in – Jasmine needs well-drained but moist, moderately fertile sandy loamy soil.
  • Supports for jasmine – If planting a twining vine variety and wanting jasmine to climb, the plant will need a support structure. A trellis or fence will both work.
  • How to space jasmine – Jasmine should be planted at least 8 feet, sometimes more depending on variety, apart to accommodate for its future root growth, as it will grow tremendously and does not like to be crowded.
  • How deep to plant – Dig a hole for the jasmine that is just deep enough so the plant will rest at the same level in the ground as it was when it was in the pot. It doesn’t need to be planted in a deep hole.

Jasmine Plant Care

Jasmine is not particularly hard to care for, but it does require some attention in the beginning and needs regular feeding and pruning. Learn how to care for a jasmine plant below.

  • Watering – Jasmine flowers that are in-ground should be watered once a week. If it is unusually dry or hot, increase the frequency, but let the soil dry out in between. If your jasmine is in a container, it will likely require water multiple times each week, especially in the hotter months. Water it once the top 1 inch of the soil is dry.
  • Training – If growing jasmine to climb a structure like a trellis or fence, help it by training young vines. Begin to train jasmine just after planting by weaving young stems through the trellis sections or by gently and loosely tying them onto the fence or support.
  • Amount of sunlight – Jasmine needs full sun or part shade – usually about 6 hours or more of direct sunlight each day for full sun, and 2 – 4 hours per day for partial shade. The exact type of jasmine you plant, in addition to climate and other conditions, will determine how much sun a plant needs.
  • Tips on how to prune – To prune jasmine, first remove any damaged, diseased or dead stems from the plant to prevent any spread of disease. Then remove any stems that are tangled or that no longer flower. Help keep trained jasmine clean and tidy by snipping stems that are growing away from the plant. Prune jasmine blooms immediately after they flower so vines have enough time to grow before the following season. Pruning is easy – simply pinch the tips by squeezing them between your finger and thumbnail. Proper and regular pruning will promote lush, full foliage and rapid growth.

Types of Jasmine

Jasmine is a member of the olive family. The most common types are grown as vines, but there are some varieties that work as ground covers or shrubs, too. There are about 200 different species of jasmine, which is native to warmer, temperate tropical climates. Jasmine plant types will all have slightly different needs, so it is important to know about the varieties before choosing which one to plant.

  • Arabian Jasmine – This variety of jasmine is an evergreen shrub or vine. It has white, very strongly scented flowers that open in the evening. Arabian jasmine can grow from 3 – 9 feet tall.
  • White Jasmine – White jasmine is native to Burma and China and is an evergreen twining climber. Its pinkish flower buds show in late winter to early spring and bloom into white star-like fragrant flowers. White jasmine can grow 20 – 30 feet tall and 7 – 15 feet wide, so you will need ample room for this variety.
  • Purple Jasmine – The purple jasmine flower is also known as star jasmine. This twining vine blooms 2-inch flowers in the spring and summer. It can grow 20 feet as a vine, but can also be grown on a smaller scale as a hedge, shrub or ground cover.
  • Forest Jasmine – A woody climber, forest jasmine has dark green glossy leaves and bright white flowers that have a slight tinge of pink. It is a strong variety, with stems that can grow to more than 5 inches in diameter.
  • Winter Jasmine – Growing up to 15 feet tall if trained on a trellis, Winter jasmine is known for its striking yellow blooms. Winter jasmine is native to China and, unlike most jasmine, doesn’t twine. Because of this, it needs to be pruned more often than other varieties.
  • Spanish Jasmine – Another highly scented variety, Spanish jasmine is a deciduous climber or shrub that is widely used in perfumes. It can grow 6 – 13 feet tall.

Common Questions About Jasmine

Is Jasmine an annual or perennial?

Jasmine is a perennial that will grow year after year. Different varieties have different watering, space and sunlight needs depending on what zone they are growing in.

How much sun does jasmine need?

All types of jasmine will do well in full sun to partial shade – exactly how much sun a plant needs each day will depend on the variety.

Can jasmine grow indoors or outdoors?

Jasmine can grow both indoors and outdoors. Dwarf varieties do best indoors, but vines can also thrive inside the home. Just pinch or prune the plant in the dormant season to maintain the desired height and shape.

Can jasmine survive winter?

Many gardeners choose to grow jasmine in containers so they can bring the plant indoors over winter. If bringing jasmine inside because of extreme cold, do so gradually, over about a week or so, to allow the plant time to adjust to less sun once indoors. A good way to make this transition is by bringing the plant in at night, and then returning it outside during the day time, increasing the hours you leave it inside throughout the week. Once it is inside permanently, place it in the sunniest spot of the house.

When does jasmine bloom?

Jasmine blooms in clusters from spring until well into the fall. The sweet flowers are most often cream, white or yellow, depending on the variety, and will attract bees and other pollinators.

How long do jasmine flowers last?

With enough sun and the right watering and feeding, jasmine flowers will stay open and fresh for you to enjoy for several months.

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How to Care for Jasmine Plants

We'll walk you through how to help these flowers thrive

By Stacey Nguyen

From its beautiful blooms to its fresh fragrance, jasmine is one of the loveliest flowers to incorporate into your indoor jungle or outdoor garden. Of course, it can be a notoriously tricky plant to figure out, especially if you’re a flower novice. But once you’ve figured out its needs and how to best incorporate it into your garden, you’ll be rewarded with long periods of gorgeous, aromatic blooms. We’ve broken down what you need to know about jasmine and how to properly care for it.

Contents

  • What is jasmine?
  • Light needs
  • Choosing the right variety for you
  • Water needs
  • Pruning jasmine
  • Encouraging jasmine to bloom

Difficulty

Easy

What You Need

  • Sandy, loamy soil mix

  • Wall, fence, or trellis (if training jasmine to climb)

  • Sterilized shears

  • Blooming fertilizer

  • Grow light (if growing indoors)

What is jasmine?

Jasmine is an incredibly versatile plant when it comes to landscaping. Depending on the variety, you can grow it as a groundcover, let it climb on a trellis, or even keep it as a potted plant indoors. It’s best known for its dainty blooms that can be yellow, white, or cream in color — and certain varieties can even produce pink flowers.

Some jasmine plants are evergreen, so their leaves stay green and glossy all year long instead of dropping during the autumn and winter. There’s a wide range of jasmine, from common white jasmine that blooms in the late spring to winter jasmine, which puts out flowers during late winter.

What’s most notable about jasmine is that the blooms smell like a sweet, light perfume, which attracts hummingbirds, bees, and butterflies. The strong smell can irritate those sensitive to fragrances so keep in mind anyone who may be in contact with jasmine before you plant it.

Light needs

Like most plants, jasmine can be a bit finicky when it comes to how much and what kind of light it gets.

Step 1: If growing outdoors, keep the jasmine in either partial shade or full sun, depending on the specific jasmine variety.

Step 2: If growing indoors, place the jasmine near a south-facing window. Supplement with grow lights if necessary.

Choosing the right variety for you

In addition to adequate light, jasmine benefits from warm temperatures. Its sweet spot temperature-wise is around 60 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit, although it’s usually hardy down to 40 degrees.

Step 1: If you live in an area prone to winters where temperatures regularly dip below 40 degree Fahrenheit, bring your plant indoors if it's kept in a pot. You could also place your outdoor plant into a greenhouse or mulch it with compost to offer it protection.

Step 2: Jasmine plants are typically hardy to zones 7 through 10, but cold hardiness depends on the variety. If you live in a cold climate, Asian star jasmine will be hardier while Arabian jasmine will thrive in a warm, humid region. Pick the variety best suited for your area for the most prolific plant possible.

Water needs

Jasmine appreciates adequately moist, fertile soil.

Step 1: Plant the jasmine in a sandy, loamy mix to make sure the soil retains moisture but not so much as to cause root rot.

Step 2: Water your jasmine plant weekly. During hot, dry weather, you will likely need to water more often, as the plant is native to tropical regions and will not tolerate drought.

Step 3: Repot the plant if it becomes rootbound to ensure it gets adequate water.

Pruning jasmine

Jasmine is a pretty versatile plant when it comes to landscaping.

Step 1: If you enjoy the vining look, you can train the jasmine to climb up a wall or fence with a trellis or some type of wiring.

Step 2: To maintain a shrub-like look, keep the jasmine in the ground or in a large planter.

Step 3: Use sharp, sterilized shears to prune the jasmine. Doing so will encourage new growth and remove diseased, damaged, or tangled branches. Just remember to prune right after the plant flowers so that it has time to recover by the next time it's ready to bloom.

Step 4: If you notice branches growing in an awkward direction, prune them back and use a trellis or wire to retrain them.

Encouraging jasmine to bloom

Proper feeding and pinching can help jasmine bloom throughout its growing season.

Step 1: When your jasmine pushes out new growth, give it a blooming fertilizer every week; a diluted 7-9-5 fertilizer high in phosphorus works best for flower production. Do not use a fertilizer too high in nitrogen, as that will encourage foliage growth at the expense of blooms.

Step 2: Pinch off spent blooms to help extend the blooming period.

Growing jasmine can be a daunting undertaking, especially if you’re not familiar with taking care of flowers. Thankfully, though, it's really much easier than it might seem at first. It all starts with finding the appropriate cultivar for your climate zone so that you have the best shot possible at nourishing a lush and healthy plant. Then, provide your jasmine with plenty of warmth and sun, fertilize adequately, and prune as needed. Before you know it, you’ll be on your way to enjoying beautiful, fragrant blooms!

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Jasmine room.

Home care. Transplantation and Propagation

This beautiful flower has absolutely nothing in common with those that grow in suburban areas and in flower beds. But still no, the home flower is rightfully called jasmine, but the bushes on the street, with fragrant flowers, are mock orange (false jasmine). These plants are united only by a pleasant aroma that comes from flowers.

Of the indoor species, two are most common - Sambac (Arabian jasmine) and Golotsvetkovy. Arabic jasmine pleases with its flowering all summer and autumn, too, which is why flower growers love it very much. A similar flower, due to its long stems, is often used as an ampelous plant. Jasmine woven into an arch looks very impressive, it is often sold that way.

The process of caring for such a flower is quite simple. But, paradoxically, but its rich smell can be attributed to the disadvantages. Sleeping next to a jasmine that has flowers is far from harmless, a terrible headache may appear in the morning. So it’s better not to place it in the bedroom, but in a spacious and fairly bright living room, the most passing place for such a plant, the office reception room can also come up.

Temperature. This fragrant plant has no special requirements for air temperature. In the summer, it feels great both in the heat and at normal temperatures. He is also very good in the open air. Just one moment, jasmine does not perceive drafts well, so it must be protected from them. In winter, the plant is best suited for a moderate temperature, even a little lowered. When kept in winter, the temperature regime is within +8 - +20 degrees, the upper mark may be higher, only then it will be necessary to monitor watering and spraying, this will have to be done more often.

Lighting. Jasmine belongs to light-loving plants, it even perceives the direct rays of the sun quite well, but not for long. But still, you should not spoil the flower much with a direct hit of scorching rays, it is desirable to shade a little.

Watering, fertilizing and air humidity. Do not overdry the soil, jasmine does not like this very much. In summer weather, it is necessary that the soil be moistened all the time, so that abundant watering should be carried out at this time. In winter, the number of watering is reduced taking into account the air temperature, if it rises, it is necessary to water more often. A very important point - water for irrigation should always be used soft and warm and sprayed the same way. When it is necessary to spray the summer outside the window every day, in the winter - as required, if the room is dry and warm, it is necessary to spray, and at a cool temperature, the leaves of the plant may not be moistened.

From mid-spring until the end of August, once every 7-10 days, jasmine grows actively and therefore it needs to be fertilized. Common fertilizers used for houseplants that bloom will work here. You can also use a complete mineral fertilizer. But it is best to use both those and other fertilizers alternately with liquid ones that contain potassium.

Transplant. In most cases, only young plants are transplanted every year, adults when needed, but every two or three years this should be done. It is better to use a mixture of soil for this, consisting of equal parts of soddy and leafy soil, peat and greenhouse soil, as well as half of the sand and coniferous soil. Good drainage is essential.

Trimming and pinching. In order for jasmine to please with its splendor and beauty, such actions must be performed. Pruning does not bring anything bad to the flower, and he calmly tolerates it, so you can safely do it. It is better to carry out a similar process in the spring (end of February - March), until growth has begun. If the stems are thin and weak, then they can be cut in half, and this is usually done by a third. This will not only allow the jasmine to look beautiful, but will also give an incentive for the growth of shoots from the side, where the flower buds will begin to form.

It is more expedient to pinch young plants as there is almost nothing left to prune. Adults also do not interfere with such a procedure, only this should be done selectively.

Reproduction. There are two ways - cuttings and layering. For this, it is better to choose cuttings for one-year-olds that have matured well, with a length of up to 15 cm and with 2-3 knots, after pruning there are just a lot of suitable ones. Cuttings are planted in a mixture of equal parts of earth and sand, or simply in sand, but wet.

A more visual way is a container with water in which to place the cuttings until the roots form. The cut before this can be treated with a stimulant. Without such rooting, it will drag on for a month and a half. The best temperature for the rooting process is +22 degrees. It is easy to propagate jasmine with layering. Digging is allowed throughout the summer.

The main pests of indoor jasmine are aphids, leaf weevil and spider mites. And once again, as a reminder, in no case should this plant be placed in the sleeping room and the nursery, in order to avoid a severe headache.

Houseplants Flowering houseplants

Jasmine in your garden: planting and care

How many pleasant emotions blooming jasmine gives us, decorating our garden with golden-white flowers, which literally sprinkle its fragile branches so that even the leaves are not visible.

And their delicate, delicate aroma, filling the entire garden, awakens sweet dreams and joyful hopes.

Aroma gardens are now very fashionable in Europe, in which jasmine occupies one of the leading places among other pleasantly smelling plants.

Garden jasmine is a very unpretentious ornamental shrub that even a novice gardener can grow. It does not require careful care, is not afraid of severe winter frosts, practically does not get sick and is not damaged by pests.

But how much beauty, grace, feeling of lightness, youth, light and joy!

Today we'll cover the essentials of jasmine, how it's planted and cared for, and then introduce you to the very best varieties from our unique collection of ornamental shrubs.

We would like to emphasize that all our varieties are long-flowering (their flowering lasts from the first decade of June to the beginning of August).

GARDEN JASMINE - BIOLOGICAL FEATURES

In fact, a beautiful ornamental shrub that we call "jasmine" has a biological name "mock orange". And real jasmine is a tropical plant that we can grow only indoors or in winter gardens.

But gardeners and many experts still call mock orange garden jasmine. Since we are used to this name, let's call it that in this article.

Garden jasmine is a deciduous shrub up to 3 m high, which belongs to the Hydrangea family.

Jasmine branches are thin and very brittle. They grow fast. If the bushes are planted in the fall, then they will bloom in the first spring. When planting in spring, wait for flowering only next year.

The leaves of garden jasmine are dark green, thin, with carved edges.

Large single or double flowers, snow white or cream with a golden center, exude a strong delicate aroma that you want to inhale for hours.

According to the timing of flowering varieties of garden jasmine are divided into early, middle and late. Each long-blooming variety can delight with its golden-white flower caps for no more than a month.

But by choosing different varieties, you can admire your luxurious jasmine garden for more than two months.

GARDEN JASMINE: PLANTING AND CARE

Planting time . You can plant garden jasmine in spring and autumn, and if the seedlings are with a closed root system (ZKS), which we have prepared for you, then planting can be done in summer.

Landing area . Garden jasmine is very fond of open sunny places. There it will bloom luxuriantly and profusely. It can grow in partial shade, but in this case, its flowers will be smaller.

Jasmine does not like close groundwater, so it should not be planted in lowlands where melt and rainwater stagnate. In such areas, plant jasmine bushes on small mounds (40 - 50 cm high).

Soils . Jasmine needs soils that are light, loose, rich in organic matter, well permeable to oxygen to the roots, with a neutral reaction of the environment (pH 7.0).

Jasmine will not grow in acidic soils, so neutralize the area where you plan to plant it in advance. It is best to use dolomite flour for this (2 kg per 5 sq. m of plot).

Jasmine soil should always be loose and well moistened.

Fit . Dig planting holes with a diameter and depth of 50 cm at a distance of 15 - 2 m from each other. If you want to make a jasmine hedge, reduce the distance between seedlings to 80 cm.

Lay a drain of broken bricks or small gravel at the bottom with a layer of 10 cm.

Fill the planting pits with artificially prepared soil, composed of: the upper fertile layer, rotted manure, leaf soil and river sand in a ratio of 1:2:2:1.

Plant seedlings in such a way that the root collar is exactly at ground level, otherwise the trunks may begin to rot.

After planting, water the plants well (2 watering cans under each) and mulch with straw in a layer of 6 - 7 cm. The mulch layer will help retain moisture in the soil and will prevent weed growth, as well as the formation of soil crust.

Fertilizer. For lush flowering, garden jasmine needs good nutrition. For the summer season, give him four top dressings.

Feed the bushes for the first time immediately after the snow melts with a solution of carbamide (2 tablespoons per bucket of water) under each bush.

The second time, give the plants two top dressings of slurry (at a concentration of 1:10 - one bucket per bush) at the beginning of budding and two weeks after that.

Feed your jasmine in the fall with some ready-made mineral complex for autumn fertilization of ornamental shrubs.

Watering. Jasmine loves water very much. It is necessary for the plant for lush, long flowering. In dry, cool weather, water the bushes once a week (three watering cans under each bush). In hot weather, increase the amount of watering.

We recommend that you water your jasmine either in the early morning or in the evening - after 6 pm. Water strictly under the root so that water splashes do not fall on the leaves and flowers.

If you do not follow the watering norms, then the flowering of jasmine may stop altogether.

Cut . For jasmine, the most important pruning is sanitary. Do it in early spring before bud break. Without sparing, cut out all the old (over 7 years old), broken, frozen and growing shoots inside the bush.

Then cut all branches to a quarter length. Leave 7 - 9 strongest branches. When flowering is over, cut off faded branches without annual growths.

Winterization . All modern varieties of garden jasmine are characterized by very high frost resistance (up to -42 degrees), so adult bushes do not need to be covered for the winter.

But we advise you to protect young plantings in the first two years from severe frosts, especially in snowless winters.


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