How to clean up a banana tree
A Guide to Banana Plant Care You'll Wish You Had Found Sooner
Banana plants are mainly grown for their nutritious fruits. This herbaceous plant can be grown indoors and outdoors, if the necessary growth conditions are provided, and the plant is properly taken care of.
The name ‘banana’ is used both for the herbaceous plant and the fruits, produced by it. Banana plants are native to Southeast Asia, and are actually not trees. What appears to be the trunk, is a pseudostem, i.e., a false stem, made with concentric layers of tightly packed leaf sheaths.
Banana is the largest herbaceous flowering plant, which is mainly grown for its delicious fruits, though a few banana plants are also grown as ornamental plants, for their spirally arranged beautiful leaves and showy flowers.
Musa acuminata, and Musa balbisiana are the progenitors of almost all the modern bananas, cultivated for their seedless edible fruits. Musa × paradisiaca, a widely grown banana plant, is a hybrid between Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. On the other hand, Musa coccinea (scarlet banana), Musa velutina (pink banana), and Musa ornata, are the most commonly grown ornamental banana plants.
If you are considering to grow banana in your yard or as a houseplant, then the most important thing to keep in mind is that, this tropical plant requires plenty of sunlight, moisture, and a warm environment.
Banana is a rapidly growing herbaceous plant, with a strong and sturdy stem or stalk. The stalk is actually a pseudostem, which emerges from the underground rhizome or corm.
The pseudostem can reach a height of about 20 to 25 feet, with spirally arranged leaves. The leaves are broad and can spread up to 60 cm, while reaching a length of about 2.6 meters.
In the flowering season, a cluster of flowers can be found in the stalk, that remains covered with purplish bracts. As the fruiting season arrives, banana fruits grow in a hanging cluster, which is termed as a bunch. Soon after fruiting, the stalk dies and the next year, a new stalk grows from the corm.
How to Care for a Banana Plant
Banana plant care begins with the selection of a proper planting site. As mentioned already, it is a tropical plant and therefore, needs a lot of sunlight to thrive. So, choose a location that receives bright sunlight for about 12 hours in a day. Banana plants are very sensitive to sunlight and excessive intense sunlight during the summer days can burn them. So, if you have planted your banana plant in a place that receives lots of sunlight, protect the leaves by providing shade during summer.
You can also cover the fruits with a light cloth, to protect them from intense sunlight. The planting area should be large enough, so as to accommodate the size of a full-grown, mature plant. It is better to choose a wind-protected, sheltered area for planting it, if you don’t want its leaves to be torn apart by the wind. However, shredded leaves are not harmful for the plant and so, they need not be removed.
The next step is to prepare the soil. Well-drained and fertile soils, rich in organic matter, are ideal for growing banana plants. Soils that retain enough moisture, but at the same time, do not stay wet for a long time, can be considered the best type of soil for growing this plant. The soil pH should be between 5.5 to 7 for the healthy growth of a banana plant.
To prepare the soil for planting banana plant, first remove any weed and plant from the planting site.
After weeding, prepare the soil by applying organic matter, such as compost.
Be sure to water the site for a few days, prior to planting the banana plant.
After preparing the soil for planting, mound the soil up and dig a hole, which should be about 100 mm deeper than the pot that contained the plant. The diameter of the hole should be about 50cm.
You can add organic or inorganic fertilizer at the bottom, only if it is required. But, be sure to use only the recommended amount, as an excess of fertilizer may burn the roots.
After adding the compost to the soil, soak the root ball in water and massage it with one hand, after which place it in the hole and shovel some soil around the plant. Now, pat the soil around the base firmly. If the soil is dry, then water the plant.
Banana plants require heavy mulching, which helps retain water and moisture, inhibit the growth of weeds, and acidify the soil. When mulch breaks down, it releases nitrogen into the soil. You can use any vegetative waste, such as leaves, wood or bark chips, and even old banana leaves and the pruned off stalks of banana plant, as compost. However, dried leaves of oak tree are excellent for mulching banana plants, as this mulch is slightly acidic in nature.
The banana plant needs regular watering, but make sure that it does not sit in water. Standing water can rot the root of this plant. The best way is to check the top soil, before watering the banana plant. If the top inch of soil is dry, then water the plant. Banana plants grown in wet and shady places, require less water than those grown in sunny places. The water requirement of this plant will be less during the winter days.
Suckers are the new growths arising from the base of the plant or its roots. In case of banana plants, suckers may develop quite early, but it is important to control the population of suckers, if you want to get bigger bunches and healthier plants.
The suckers that appear before the mother plant reaches a height 2 m, should be cut off at the ground level, as they develop from a shallow point under the base of the mother plant.
The sucker that is suitable for the next crop is the sword sucker, which can be distinguished by its thin sword-like leaves. Such sword suckers emerge from a deeper point and hence, they are more stable. The suckers having fat leaves are water suckers, which usually do not produce healthy and big bunches of bananas.
The sucker that is suitable for your next crop is usually the one, that emerges approximately 5 months, after planting the mother plant. It is better to limit the number of pseudostem to three, one large, one medium-sized, and one baby pseudostem, if you want to encourage proper fruiting.
Fertilizers can be applied throughout the growing season. This fast growing plant needs a lot of nutrients. You can use both inorganic, as well as organic fertilizers for your banana plant. You can also use compost and well-composted manure. Potassium is very important for banana plant and so, a fertilizer high in potassium and comparatively low in nitrogen, is ideal for this plant. A balanced fertilizer can also be used, but the amount of nitrogen should be reduced at the time of flowering.
Banana plants need occasional pruning. So, remove the dead bottom leaves, when they turn brown. The dead banana leaves should be cut back to within a few inches of the main stalk. After harvesting, the pseudostem can be cut down to the ground.
Flowering Plant Care
Depending on the climate, a banana plant may take 9 months to a year, to produce flowers. In tropical climates, it usually takes place within 9 months from planting. The flowers normally appear between April to June, in a long pendulous stalk. The first clusters are female flowers, which develop into clusters of fruits called hands. Several tiers of hands appear on the stalk, and together they are called a bunch. The inflorescence contains many purple-colored bracts between the rows of flowers.
After the emergence of several hands (fruits), the stalk will continue to grow, but produce only male flowers, which are sterile. The female flowers are those found near the leaves, above the stalk, while the male flowers appear down the stalk. After the appearance of the last hand, you can cut down the flower stalk just below the bunch of developing bananas. It is also recommended to remove the bottom rows of hands, which are much smaller than the other hands, as they are more likely to wilt.
When the banana fruits start growing in size, you can protect the bunch from birds and squirrel by covering it with a plastic sack. This will also help retain heat and ethylene oxide released by the fruit, which in turn, will promote ripening. Tie the sack round the bunch stem and be sure to keep the bottom end open, or make holes at the bottom.
Usually, the fruits take four to six months to grow fully.
The fruits should be harvested when they reach the full size, but are still green. They may split, If left to ripen on the stalk. The fruit stalk should be cut close to the main stalk and then hung in a warm and shady place, till the bananas ripen.
As winter approaches, your banana tree will need some extra care and protection. The ideal temperature for growing banana plant is 79 to 82 degree Fahrenheit, while the growth of the plant comes to a halt at about 50 degree Fahrenheit. The plant parts above the ground can die at a temperature below 28 degree Fahrenheit. During winter, the banana plant should be watered less frequently. Keeping the ground moist is enough during this period. Fertilization is usually not required during winter.
If place where banana is planted gets light frost, you can wrap or cover the main stalk with a blanket or plastic mesh. Before covering the plant, check for the presence of pest and remove all the leaves. Now, wrap the stalk with the mesh or blanket, leaving some space around the stalk. Fill this space with dried leaves or straw and secure the mesh or blanket with strings. Now, add mulch around the base of the main stalk, in order to insulate it from cold.
If your banana plant has produced fruits and you have harvested them, then you can cut down the stalk to the ground and then cover it with mulch, to protect the root or corm from winter.
Caring for Indoor Banana Plant
If you want to grow banana as a houseplant, then it is better to opt for a dwarf variety, as normal varieties can grow really big, to be accommodated inside your house.
To grow a banana plant inside, first of all you will need a pot, large and deep enough to accommodate its roots. The soil should be fertile with pH levels between 5.5 to 7, and also well-drained.
Like outdoor banana plants, an indoor plant also requires bright sunlight for about 12 hours. So, keep it in a place that receives enough sunlight.
Indoor banana plants need hot and humid conditions to thrive properly. The ideal temperature for growing this houseplant is 80 degree Fahrenheit during the day and about 67 degree Fahrenheit in the night.
Indoor banana plants would also require lots of water during the growing season. But, standing water can rot the root. So, ensure proper drainage for the bananas grown in pots, and allow the top inch of soil to dry before watering. Misting should be done regularly to keep them well-hydrated, and also to remove dust from the surface of the leaves.
During summer, the banana plant can be moved outdoor. But, during winter, it should be brought inside to protect it from cold, especially when the temperature falls below 28 degree Fahrenheit. For moving the plant easily, you can use a rolling stand.
Like outdoor plants, the indoor banana plants can be fertilized during the growing season, usually while watering the plants.
By growing banana plants, you can add that exotic tropical aura to your landscape. Apart from being a beautiful plant with lush green foliage, a banana plant produces fruits, that not only have a delectable taste, but are also known for their nutritional value. So, you can grow banana plants, both for their ornamental value, as well as for their delicious fruits.
How to Prune a Banana Tree
Banana plants aren’t actually trees: They do not have woody trunks. Technically, banana plants are herbaceous perennials, albeit the largest flowering herbs in the world. Some varieties get over twenty feet tall. Learn how to prune a banana tree and why it is important to do so in this blog post.
Left to itself, a banana plant consists of a thicket of several stalks (called pseudostems). A mature stalk can produce a cluster (called a bunch) of banana fruits (technically they are berries) arranged in rows (called hands) only one time – then that stalk dies. But, numerous offshoots (called suckers or pups) have been popping up all around the mother stalk, so the actual plant never really dies: All of those suckers, or “stalks-to-be”, are parts of the same plant.
Banana stalk up close by Jason Graham | These fruiting stalks will only produce fruit once in their lifetime | Licensed by CC Banana trees produce pups at the base of the tree once the stalk has produced fruit. The pups job is to take over as the mother stalk once it is pruned | Photo by Jenni Konrad
Banana Tree Pruning
Gorgeous Guatemalan banana tree by Dennis Jarvis | You can see the baby banana tree below the fruiting stalk that will take over once the banana fruit is harvested | Licensed by CC
- As banana growers, we want just one stalk on each plant (the mother stalk) growing to maturity and producing bananas, and just one offshoot standing in the wings to produce next year’s crop. All other offshoots should be cut down as they appear: They are just taking up space, water, and nutrients. Use a sharp knife or machete and cut them to the ground, chop ‘em up, and scatter ‘em around the mother stalk as mulch.
- If you dig out the base of the severed pups, they won’t regrow as quickly and you won’t have to cut ‘em off again so soon.
- Developing bananas need full sun to ripen, so cut off any leaves that are rubbing against the young bananas or completely shading them. Cut off any dead leaves to encourage new growth at the top of the tree.
- It takes more than a year for a banana stalk to set and ripen fruit. If your main stalk gets cold damaged, but not killed, do not cut it down! It most likely will recover and go on to produce fruit the following summer.
- After you harvest your banana crop, cut back that stalk to the ground, slice it up, and use it as mulch around next year’s stalk.
- Banana trees love mulch at all times of the year to protect them and insulate them from the winter’s cold and retain moisture during summer’s heat.
- These tropical plants are easy to care for and once you get the hang of the low maintenance care.
- The best time to prune a banana tree is during the active growing season and after it bears fruit. You do not want to prune the mother plant before it produces bananas.
Most Popular Banana Trees
The banana tree’s Perfect Plants offers are all ornamental and may produce inedible fruit to humans (although birds and wildlife love them!). Check out the Ornamental Banana Tree Grow Guide for more information on growing these pretty fruit trees. What kind of banana trees are you growing in your landscape? Are they edible? Ornamental? Do they have unique colored leaves like the Musa Bordelon banana? Show off your trees in the comments below for a chance to be featured on our blog and Instagram.
Banana fruit and flower captured by Melvin “Buddy” Baker | Licensed by CC
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How to grow a banana tree at home
Banana trees can be grown throughout the year. They have long, broad and graceful leaves.
Many people want to learn how to grow a banana tree. The banana tree grows quickly, and every part of it can be useful.
- Banana species for home cultivation
- Fruit species
- Decorative species
- Banana pointed
- Banana Cavendish
- Kyiv dwarf
- Red Banana or Yamaisky
- Banana: Care and types for home cultivation
- How to grow a banana tree 9000
- How to divide banana trees?
- Banana Tree Seed
- Pot Selection
- The beneficial properties of a banana
- Banana tree: Care at home
Types of banana wood for growing
Houses Grow as varieties of Banans tasty fruits, and trees that serve as interior decoration.
- Pointy banana;
- dwarf Cavendish banana;
- banana Cavendish superdwarf;
- Kyiv dwarf;
- Kyiv superdwarf.
- Velvety banana;
- Lavender banana;
- Chinese dwarf;
- Bright red banana.
Pointed banana (lat. Musa acuminata) is grown for its beautiful leaves up to one meter long
with a large central vein, resembling a bird feather.
The leaves of the decorative banana are dark green, often there are specimens with a reddish tinge.
In greenhouse conditions, the height of the pointed banana plant can reach 3.5 meters, although in room conditions it grows no more than 2 meters.
The size of the fruits of this type of banana ranges from 5 to 30 centimeters, and their color can be green, yellow and even red.
The pointed banana is edible and grows in the countries of southeast Asia, in southern China, India and Australia.
In countries with colder climates, this type of banana is grown as an ornamental plant. Cavendish Banana The fruits of the banana tree reach 25 cm.In the photo Banana Cavendish
The peel is juicy yellow with small green streaks.
When overripe, the shell turns black and the flesh becomes soft.
Kyiv dwarfPhoto Kyiv dwarf
Kyiv dwarf (lat. Musasuperdwarfcavendish) or fruit-bearing dwarf indoor banana.
This bonsai grows up to 2 meters in height.
With good care from one plant, you can get about two hundred of your own mini-fruits.
A flower pot is best placed near an east or south window; north rooms are not suitable for fruiting.
The temperature regime is not lower than + 16 degrees.
The flowering of the banana lasts throughout the year, after the flowers appear small fruits collected in clusters.
Red banana or Jamaican
Red banana or Jamaican is another unusual banana.In the photo is a Jamaican banana
In addition to the fact that the ripened fruits have a dark burgundy color and pink flesh, this species is endowed with an aroma reminiscent of raspberries.
Banana: care and types for home growing
How to grow a banana tree
At home, a banana plant can be grown by planting a seed, or you can buy an already germinated specimen.
A variety will grow from the seeds, the fruits of which are inedible.
The process of seed germination at home is a rather long process and seedlings will have to wait at best for two months.
Cultivation and care of a banana tree
ambient temperature up to 10 o Growth stops completely.
Strictly defined humidity has no less influence during the entire life cycle of a plant.
Long periods of dryness can lead to the death of the plant.
In the first year of life, the plant practically does not need care.
It only needs to be watered and periodically loosened very carefully.
In October pawpaw sheds its leaves and prepares for a dormant period.
Now you need to provide your pet with moderate watering until spring, you can move the plant to a cooler place.Photo of banana tree
In April, sap flow begins, which means it's time to feed.
Nitrodiammophos fertilizer will be the best option.
Dilute approximately 20 g per bucket of water.
How to divide banana trees?
- Banana trees are tropical plants that usually grow quickly.
As they grow, they sprout or "children" underground around their base.
If these shoots are not dug up and removed, they grow into banana trees.
When this happens, the growth of both trees slows down as they compete for nutrients in the same soil.
The solution to this problem is to split the trees first.
Then transplant the shoot at a distance from the mother.
- Place the shovel between the trees with the back of the shovel facing the main plant.
Dip the shovel blade into the ground a few centimeters.
Move the handle of the shovel so that the blade is angled towards the shoot and rests lightly on it.
- Insert the blade of the hand shovel into the ground as far as it will go.
Push the handle back and forth to cut off the stalk that attaches the shoot to the main banana tree.
- Dig out the core of the banana tree sprout while lifting the tree up and out of the ground.
A rhizome is a white, potato-like mass that forms the base of a shoot.
The rhizome has "eyes" like potatoes, from which shoots grow.
- Plant a banana tree in a large pot or in the ground.
The soil should be rich in humus and well drained.
Water the plant minimally at first until it begins to grow.
Banana Tree Seeds
Remove the banana seeds from the core of the fruit and lay out on paper. Rinse and dry the seeds for 2 days. Seeds with pre-scratched shells are pressed into the ground.
After sowing, after 3 days the seeds should peck.
Banana seeds germinate for a very long time - from 2 to 3 months.
Selecting a pot
Choose a spacious container for your future banana.
It is necessary to make good holes in it, fill in expanded clay with a layer of 1.5 - 2 cm, add sand 1.5 - 2 cm, fill with earth.
The stalk is carefully transplanted: it is important not to damage the root system and delicate foliage.
If growing conditions are favorable for your plant, then it will develop quite quickly.
Then you may need more than one transplant per year. Good drainage is most important.
The banana tree is detrimental to stagnant water, which can rot the roots.
Also requires daily leaf dampening, spraying or wiping.
Dry air adversely affects the foliage of the banana tree.
During the period of active growth and development, you can feed with organic fertilizers, in the same proportions as for other plants.
The optimal temperature for the active growth of a banana tree can be considered from +23 to +28 degrees, in winter from +17 to +20 degrees.
Humidity and rather high temperatures are the key to success!
In the wild, bananas prefer scorching sunlight, for this reason a south window sill is a good fit.
It is necessary to select a place with sufficient lighting.
Lack of light adversely affects growth and development.
Now we know how simple and easy it is to care for a banana tree at home.
A Few Tips for Growing Banana Trees
Banana trees also provide tropical appeal to your patio or pool area.
In addition to their beautiful appearance, they can offer pleasant shade in hot weather.
Before you start growing banana trees, you need to learn about their features and the rules for caring for them.
First, you need a suitable soil for this tropical plant.
To do this, dry the soil well with a special mixture with perlite.
This provides good drainage. Do not plant banana trees in heavy soil, such as in a yard.
The rhizomes of the banana tree are in an upright position. Make sure the roots are well covered.
The rhizome should be 3-5 centimeters covered with soil.
Of course, the banana tree needs to be fertilized and watered.
Use fresh fertilizers, mixtures suitable specifically for these plants.
Since bananas need quite a lot of nutrients for active growth, they need to be fertilized.
After the initial watering, you do not need to water the plant again,
until the top 2-5 cm of soil is dry.
Banana trees can only grow in bright light. Ideal for them 12 hours of sunlight.
Warmth is essential for these tropical plants.
The ideal temperature for growing bananas is 20 degrees Celsius.
As for the humidity, it should be at the level of 50% and above.
Very dry and hot air can destroy leaves.
If you want to grow a banana tree in a container, make sure they are not too big.
Standard sizes - from 15 to 20 centimeters. They must have a drainage hole.
Do not plant banana trees in containers without them.
If you see that the plants are getting crowded, you need to transplant them into a larger container.
Banana plants have a stem and an underground corm.
It is essential for the growth and nutrition of the new plant.
Only after the trunk has grown and strengthened (about 10-15 months), useful substances will go through it from the soil, nourishing the leaves,
and then the apical inflorescences, which will subsequently turn into fruits.
Useful properties of banana
Banana pulp is used to relieve inflammation in the oral cavity,
and also as a dietary product in the treatment of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
In addition, banana is laxative and is therefore used as a mild laxative.
Due to the presence of tryptophan, an amino acid that prevents cell aging and has a beneficial effect on brain function,
bananas are recommended for the elderly.
The presence of potassium and magnesium makes it possible to use them as a means of preventing high blood pressure and stroke.
Infusion of banana flowers helps in the treatment of diabetes and bronchitis.
Banana stem juice is a good anticonvulsant and sedative.
The invaluable benefits of bananas are concentrated in the peel. Banana skins are used for medicinal purposes.
Compresses of young leaves or banana peel promote rapid healing of burns and abscesses on the skin.
Banana peel is used as fertilizer for both indoor and outdoor flowers.
The fact is that it contains a large amount of phosphorus and potassium.
With the help of a banana peel, you can also fight aphids, which cannot tolerate excess potassium.
To do this, just make a tincture on banana skins and water the plants with it.
The easiest way to use banana skins to fertilize flowers is to simply bury them in the ground.
To do this, it is enough to cut the peel into small pieces.
After this procedure, even the most tired plants begin to leaf out and bloom.
Banana peel decomposes in the ground for 10 days, after which bacteria eat it.
Banana tree: care at home
Banana tree - features of care, use in the interior, interesting facts
Banana tree is one of the exotic indoor plants that immediately attract attention. The plant has a very unusual appearance, indoors it can bloom and bear fruit. Many common misconceptions and interesting facts are associated with indoor bananas.
Banana tree - description
Sweet yellow bananas have long ceased to be exotic on store shelves and are evaluated by compatriots as a familiar and affordable fruit. It is not so easy to meet a banana tree in houses and apartments of temperate latitudes, although it is quite suitable for pot growing. According to the international classification, this plant belongs to herbs, and not to trees at all. After bamboo, it is the tallest grass in the world. Another surprise is that the banana fruit is not a fruit at all, but a berry, according to botanists. Homeland are places with a tropical and subtropical climate.
The height of a banana tree in nature can reach 12 m, while indoor specimens do not exceed 2.5 m. Scientists count about 60 varieties of banana grass, which can be conditionally divided into:
- Decorative. They have an attractive appearance, bloom beautifully and form small fruits that are not suitable for food. The most popular variety is considered to be musa ensete (indoor banana), which is distinguished by huge decorative leaves of a beautiful color.
- Fruits that produce berries and can be eaten.
What does a banana tree look like?
The plant really has a resemblance to a tree or a palm tree. Banana grass does not have a true stem. It is imitated by long leaves that are intertwined with each other, gradually thickening and changing color, more and more resembling a stem. In botany, such a formation is called a pseudostem. A home-grown banana tree is not much different from its wild counterpart:
- Long and wide leaf blades at the base tightly adjoin each other, forming a pseudostem.
- The height of indoor varieties fluctuates around 2.5 m. The dwarf banana tree is more adapted to city apartments and rarely grows above 1. 5 m.
- The real stem is underground and at the same time performs the function of a rhizome.
- The root system is massive, spherical in shape.
- Long peduncles with beautiful inflorescences are formed from the center of the pseudostem.
- After the formation of fruits, the peduncles die off.
How does a banana tree bloom?
After planting, indoor banana tree begins to bloom after 10-12 months. A long peduncle is formed from a special bud, on which small female, bisexual and male flowers of yellow or pale green color are arranged in a special order. The complex inflorescence is covered on the outside with dense dark purple leaves. In nature, insects and small mammals like bats pollinate the plant. After pollination, male flowers fall off, and only female flowers form fruits.
How many times does a banana tree bear fruit?
The indoor banana and its natural variety only bear fruit once a year. After that, the aerial part of the shoot dies off. After a while, new leaves begin to develop from the rhizome, which will form a pseudostem. The vegetative process begins to repeat itself again. A banana tree, depending on the conditions of detention, can develop up to 40 years. Scientists have found wild counterparts about a century old. However, on banana plantations, renewal is carried out every 10-15 years for better fruiting.
How to grow a banana tree from a banana?
Some flower growers claim that fruit varieties of bananas are sterile and reproduce vegetatively, so it is useless to look for banana tree seeds in purchased fruits. Others show good results of seed cultivation. In order to get a houseplant from a purchased fruit, you need:
- Select a healthy yellow banana and place it in a plastic bag.
- After the skin has completely darkened, peel the fruit and cut it lengthwise.
- Seeds will be distributed along the entire berry in the form of small dark dense formations. If not, then you will have to buy a new planting material.
- Banana tree can only be grown from round seeds.
- Planting material is separated from the pulp and washed.
- The resulting seeds are soaked in warm water for 48-76 hours.
- Then they are dried and placed in a special germination substrate.
How to plant a banana tree?
Before planting a banana house tree, you need to know one thing. The thing is that the seed coat is very dense, therefore, for better germination, it must be slightly damaged with sandpaper or a sharp sewing needle. You should not be too zealous, so as not to spoil the core itself. The prepared planting material is placed in:
- an inert substrate of sphagnum moss or coconut fibers;
- a mixture of coarse river sand and peat in a ratio of 3:1.
Main stages of work:
- The prepared mixture is disinfected with steam and potassium permanganate solution.
- The usual drainage is lined at the bottom of the pot and a layer of substrate 5-6 cm high is laid.
- Each seed is pressed into the soil and watered abundantly.
- Banana tree plant will only grow in conditions close to tropical. To do this, be sure to cover the plantings with plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect.
- The first sprouts should be expected no earlier than in 2-3 months. after landing.
- If mold forms on the film due to high humidity, the surface must be treated with potassium permanganate.
How to grow a banana tree at home?
The very technology of how to grow a banana tree after seed germination includes several simple steps:
- Maintaining optimal air temperature. During the day it should be within +28...+30°C, and at night it should not fall below +22°C.
- Under all conditions, the first sprouts will appear after 60 days.
- The shoots are transplanted into a mixture of soddy soil with sand, humus and ash.
- At the bottom of the prepared pot, a drainage layer, river sand and ready-made soil mixture are lined.
- The shoot is buried in the ground by about 2 cm, sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly.
- Houseplant banana tree has an interesting feature. Its roots need oxygen, so small stones or mesh should be placed between the pot and the pan for better ventilation.
How long does a banana tree grow?
After each fruiting cycle, the banana tree plant sheds leaves and flower stalks with a cluster of fruits collected in a cluster. That is, every year in nature, this grass renews its ground part. The rhizome, under favorable conditions, has a long lifespan of at least 4-5 decades. Indoor varieties grow more modestly. The average age of an ornamental banana in a pot does not exceed 20 years.
Banana tree - home care
Sometimes even experienced flower growers do not have the necessary knowledge of how to grow a banana tree at home. A tropical plant is extremely whimsical to the conditions of detention. However, if you follow all the recommendations, you can get a large exotic with outstanding decorative qualities at home. The main requirements of a banana tree for the conditions of detention are:
- Lighting. The culture is very light-loving. It is better to place pots on the southern windows, and in winter and autumn, additionally illuminate with fluorescent lamps.
- Air temperature. It should simulate the climate of the tropics all year round, fluctuating within + 28 ° С. Some varieties are able to withstand short-term temperature drops to +16°C.
- Humidity. The plant should be sprayed every day or wiped with a damp cloth. To maintain optimal humidity, you can use a tray with wet pebbles. Banana grass loves regular warm showers.
- Watering should be plentiful. The topsoil is always best kept slightly moist. In autumn, the irrigation regime is adjusted depending on the temperature.
- Banana trees are fed regularly throughout the growing season with tropical mineral fertilizers at least twice a month.
- Houseplant does not require pruning.
- As the root system grows, the culture must be transplanted into a larger pot.
Banana tree disease
The main diseases of the plant are associated with improper care:
- When waterlogged, gray rot may appear on the roots. The affected areas should be removed, and the banana tree home plant should be transplanted into new soil.
- Growth retardation may be due to lack of moisture and sunlight.
- The edges of the sheet plates dry out at low air humidity, especially near heaters.
- Spider mites, scale insects, thrips and aphids can attack banana trees. To combat them, it is worth spraying the plant and its neighbors with special insecticides, for example, Actellik or Fitoverm. Prevention of infection can be considered a regular warm shower.
Replanting a banana tree
An important step in the process of growing a banana tree is timely replanting. In a cramped pot, the culture stops growing and developing. The procedure is recommended by experts to be carried out annually in early spring:
- The banana tree plant has a powerful and rapidly growing root system, which fills the entire space of the pot in a short time. The new planter should be 1-2 cm wider and deeper than the previous one.
- Drainage from crushed stone or expanded clay must be poured onto the bottom.
- A plant is placed on a thin layer of substrate by transshipment and sprinkled with the remnants of the soil mixture.
- It is better to deepen the root neck a little into the ground.
- After transplanting, the soil must be abundantly moistened.
Banana tree - reproduction by children
In addition to the seed method of cultivation, the homemade banana tree can also be divided vegetatively. Lateral processes, which are also called children, are separated from an adult plant during a spring transplant:
- Only sharp sterile instruments are used for the procedure.
- The young shoot, together with part of the rhizome, is cut from the mother plant.
- The cut must be treated with activated carbon.
- A new plant is planted in a small pot with a drainage layer and a substrate of a mixture of peat and sand in equal proportions.
Banana tree in the interior
In the interior of a house, a banana tree always stands out for its size and interesting leaf shape. The plant is often used in the decoration of rooms with a large area. Since it is useful for this culture to spend the summer outside, it is great for country houses with their own yard or apartments with spacious balconies. Not only leaves are of decorative value, but also flowers and fruits, which can be of different shades from pale green to bright pink.
Banana tree - interesting facts
Many interesting facts are connected with the exotic plant, which not everyone knows about:
- Many fruits have a non-standard curved shape.