How to cut down a tall tree safely


How to Cut Down a Tree Safely

Make it fall where you want it! Check out these expert tree felling techniques.

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Family Handyman

Wear the Right Safety Gear

Safety isn't a throwaway word when it comes to felling trees and running chain saws. You must take it seriously. There are a few absolutely essential safety gear items you need to wear for any chain saw work, and especially when felling a tree: - A logger's helmet to protect you from falling branches, a major cause of logging injuries. - Earmuffs and a face screen to protect your ears and eyes. - Safety glasses to keep the dust out. - Kevlar chaps, which will stop a chain instantly should you happen to drop the bar against your leg.

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Buy Felling Wedges

Two plastic felling wedges will prevent your saw from getting pinched during a cut. You can find these at any outdoor power equipment store that carries chain saws.

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Family Handyman

Estimate the Felling Zone: How to fell a tree in the direction you want

Trees are taller than you think and reach farther on the ground than you'd expect. When you're planning on felling a tree, you can estimate where a tree will fall by using the “ax handle trick.” This is how to fell a tree in the direction you want: hold an ax handle at arm's length, close one eye, and back away from or move toward the tree until the top of the ax is even with the treetop and the bottom is even with the base. Your feet should be about where the treetop will rest after falling. It's just an estimate, though, so allow extra room if there's something the tree might fall on!

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Family Handyman

Clear a Cutting Zone

Even when you're sure which way the tree is going to fall, you're still not ready to fell it. Cut away any brush around the trunk and clear two escape routes on the “non-falling” side of the tree. They should be about 45 degrees away from each other in opposite directions. The last thing you want is to trip while walking away from a falling tree.

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Family Handyman

Size Up the Tree

Start by studying the tree. Don't cut it down if you see:

- Dead branches that are broken but attached, or that are actually broken off and supported by other branches. You're bound to knock a branch loose and have it fall on you.

- It is obviously leaning in one direction or heavily loaded with branches on one side. It will fall in the direction of the lean or load despite your best efforts.

- There are buildings, fences, power lines or other things you care about in the felling zone. If so, skip the felling and call a pro.

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Family Handyman

Anatomy of a Proper Notch

When felling a tree, the rule of thumb is to make the depth of the notch one-fifth of the tree trunk's diameter. The goal is to make the angles as shown in the diagram (or as close as you can). The felling cut should meet the point of the notch. When the tree starts to fall, the hinge will help guide the tree to fall in the desired direction.

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Family Handyman

Plan the Notch

You're going to be cutting a notch on the "fall" side of the trunk. Sight along the handle and adjust the saw until it's pointing toward your fall direction. The spot where the bar touches the bark will be the center of the notch. Before cutting, lay out the notch by marking with chalk or by scoring the bark with the chain saw. Make the notch at a comfortable working height. (You can always shorten the stump later.)

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Family Handyman

Cut the Notch

Make the top cut first and then the bottom. When you're making the bottom cut, adjust your hand to control the throttle with your thumb. If you meet the top notch perfectly, the wedge will drop out of the notch. But most likely you'll have to extend the cuts from either the top or the bottom so the wedge can drop free.

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Family Handyman

Use Wedges on Big Trees

If you're felling a tree that's more than 18 in. in diameter, go ahead and make your notch cut and begin the felling cut. Stop cutting as soon as you've penetrated far enough to pound wedges behind the bar. Leave the bar in the cut with the saw running, but lock the chain brake and tap in the wedges. Then finish the cut. Wedges will keep the saw from getting pinched in the cut if the tree leans back.

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Family Handyman

Make the Felling Cut

Score a line connecting the apex of the notch on both sides for a cutting guide. The back cut should be parallel and even with the apex of the notch. Then make the felling cut. The instant the tree begins leaning, pull the saw free, set the chain brake and walk away along one of your escape routes, keeping an eye on the tree so you can react if it doesn't fall the way you planned. Never take your eye off a falling tree.

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Family Handyman

A Lookout Might Save Your Life

When felling a tree, you'll be a lot safer if you have a trusted assistant standing a few feet behind you watching the top of the tree for falling branches and letting you know when the tree starts to fall. Have your assistant tap you on the shoulder with a stick to alert you when it's time to vacate the area. If it's early in the cut and you get the tap, leave the saw and walk away immediately. That means a branch is falling. Near the end of the cut, a tap means the tree is beginning its descent.

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Family Handyman

Start Cutting Branches at the Trunk

After felling the tree, cut off branches starting at the lower end of the trunk and working to the top. Whenever possible, stand on the uphill side of the tree. Work from the left side of the trunk (as you face toward the top of the tree). This allows the safest and most efficient use of the chain saw because you can rest the side or bottom of the saw on the trunk and slice off the branches with a pivoting motion.

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Family Handyman

Saw the Trunk into Firewood

Cut a log into 16-in. lengths for firewood by first sawing three-quarters of the way through the log. Then roll it over and complete the cuts.

Learn how to cut firewood multiple ways so you can use whichever tools you have available.

Originally Published: May 29, 2019

How to Cut Down a Large Tree Near a House [6 Steps for Safe Tree Removal]

When removing a large tree near a home, controlling the fall of branches and trunk sections is essential. To do so, clear the area around the tree of all debris. Then, remove branches at the bottom of the tree first. Work your way up, removing upper branches last. Then, notch the trunk to control the direction of its fall before felling it. This will ensure that people, pets, and property are unharmed. By using the proper equipment and following the correct steps, you can remove a tree close to your house.

Table of Contents

Tools for Tree Removal

In order to remove a large tree, you will need the following tools:

  • Tripod Ladder or Extension Ladder
  • Rope
  • Reciprocating Saw (Sawzall)
  • Chainsaw

A tripod ladder is the best tool for the job because it is a freestanding ladder. An extension ladder can be used when removing trees near houses, but extra precautions must be taken because you will be leaning the ladder up against the tree you are working to remove.

Safety Precautions

Felling a large tree is no simple task. Falling branches and trees can cause serious injury or damage to your house. To remain safe, do the following:

  • Check all tools prior to use. Verify they are in safe working condition.
  • Use new cutting blades and chains.
  • Wear protective gloves, footwear, and a hard hat.
  • When using an extension ladder, secure it to the tree with a rope, to prevent slippage.
  • Ask for help. A partner can assist in directing falling branches and trunk sections.
  • Clearly communicate plans and drop zones to anyone working with you.

These safety precautions are necessary when removing larger trees in order to keep yourself and all others in the work zone free from harm.

When to Call an Arborist

Tree removal services are equipped for cutting down large trees near houses. If you don’t have the proper tools or don’t have experience using the tools for the job, contact a local arborist. If you’re inexperienced with a chainsaw, operating one while atop a ladder is not the best time to learn.

  • You don’t have the proper tools and safety equipment.
  • Are not experienced using tree cutting tools, such as chainsaws.

If you’re considering professional tree removal, consult with 2–3 local services for quotes before choosing one. Check online reviews or ask trusted neighbors for a referral.

6 Steps to Cut Down a Large Tree Near Your House

In order to remove a large tree (20 feet tall or more) near your home, follow these steps. They will protect you and your house from harm and enable efficient tree removal. These steps are effective for nearly any type of tree, both hardwood and evergreen.

Clear the Area

Before you begin cutting, move vehicles, lawn ornaments, and any non-stationary sheds or equipment out of the area. This will prevent damage from falling branches or trunk sections.

  • Remove cars, equipment, lawn decor (statuary, birdbaths) from the drop zone where branches or trunk may fall.
  • Bring pets and children indoors.
  • If possible, trim back shrubs or plants near the tree, to make your job easier.

Make sure that all pets and young children are safely indoors. This will eliminate the risk of them suffering an accidental injury. If the tree you’re working to remove is surrounded by bushes or other plants, consider cutting these back so that you have an easier time navigating the workspace.

Cut Off Lower Branches

Start by cutting off the lower branches of the tree. Branches on lower portions are typically larger and heavier than higher branches, so a chainsaw is the best tool for the job.

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  • Use a chainsaw to cut off large lower branches.
  • When cutting large branches, first make an undercut by sawing upwards from the underside of the branch, about 1/4 of the way through the branch.
  • After the initial cut, saw downwards from the top of the branch, 6–12 inches further from the trunk than the undercut. Making 2 cuts this way will cause the branch to fall cleanly, without dangerous splintering and breaking
  • Control the fall of large branches with a rope if necessary.

Practice safe handling of your chainsaw. Use the 3 cut method for removing large branches. Branches cut improperly are prone to splintering and falling in uncontrolled ways, or even swinging back towards you and your ladder. A properly cut branch will drop straight down. Use a rope for controlling the fall of branches as necessary, to prevent damage to your home.

Remove Upper Branches

Now that you’ve cut off the lower branches, set up your tripod ladder, or use a rope to secure your extension ladder to the tree you’re cutting. Then, use your reciprocating saw to cut off the upper branches. Rather than climb the ladder with the saw in hand, tie a rope to the handle of the saw and bring the rope up with you. Once you’ve reached the upper portion of the ladder, haul the saw up to yourself.

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  • If you’re using an extension ladder, use a rope to tie it in place against the tree to prevent the ladder from slipping and falling while you work.
  • Use your reciprocating saw to cut off upper branches.
  • Use a rope to safely lower large branches.

When cutting large branches that may fall and damage your house, tie a rope around the branch. Then, wrap the other end around another tree trunk, at ground level. With assistance from 1 or more other workers, unwrap the rope around the tree trunk and slowly lower the large branch to the ground. Remember to never wrap the rope around your hand or fingers when lowering a branch. A rope pulled tight around your fingers by the weight of a branch can cause serious injury.

Fell the Trunk

Now that the tree has been de-limbed, you’ll be left with just the trunk standing in your yard. In order to take down the trunk:

  • Use the chainsaw to cut a right-angle notch in the tree trunk, in the direction you want it to fall.
  • The notch should be deep enough that it is 1/4–1/3 through the tree’s diameter.
  • Ensure all people and obstacles are clear from the path of the falling tree.
  • Use the chainsaw to cut through the tree from the opposite side, toward the notch.
  • Remain clear of the tree’s fall path at all times. Establish exit routes and remain alert while cutting.
  • If the trunk is too tall to safely fell in one piece, cut it into sections. Climb your ladder to notch and cut the trunk at a point 10 feet above the ground. You can safely fell a tree trunk in two pieces this way.

If you have an assistant, attach a rope to the top of the tree trunk. As you are making your felling cut, your helper should haul on the rope to help direct the tree’s falling path. Ensure that your assistant is safely out of the tree’s fall zone when doing so. Make sure they stand back at a distance twice the height of the tree to prevent injury.

Cut Stump at Ground Level

Now that the tree is felled, use your chainsaw to cut the stump at or near ground level. Attempting to remove a stump and root system can be difficult work. If the stump isn’t causing any harm where it is, simply treat it with a stump killer and allow it to decay in place.

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  • With your chainsaw, cut the stump flush with the ground.
  • Treat the stump with stump killer to prevent the tree from resprouting.

Stump killer will prevent the felled tree from attempting to resprout from the stump, saving you future work.

Cut the Tree Into Sections

Now that your tree is on the ground, use your chainsaw to cut the trunk and limb into sections. Forearm length sections are easy to dispose of or use for firewood.

  • Use the chainsaw to cut the tree trunk and limbs into forearm-length sections.
  • These sections can be disposed of or split for firewood.
  • If you have no need for firewood, advertise free firewood on Craigslist or a neighborhood app.

While you might not need to use the tree for firewood, your neighbors may. Advertising free firewood on Craigslist is a great way to get rid of a felled tree at no cost. Most people will be happy to load and haul away a sectioned tree, essentially cleaning up your yard for you.

How to Remove a Large Tree Near Your House

Tree removal near houses requires taking proper safety precautions and following steps to ensure the removal process goes smoothly. In order to get rid of a tree that is over 20 feet tall near your house:

  • Clear the area of vehicles and items that may be damaged by falling branches or trunk sections.
  • Use a chainsaw and employ the 3 cut method to safely remove large lower branches.
  • Use a reciprocating saw to remove upper branches.
  • Notch your tree in the direction you want it to fall. Then, cut from the opposite side, toward the notch, to fell it.
  • Cut the stump flush with the ground and treat it with a stump killer.
  • Saw felled trunk and branches into forearm-length sections for firewood or disposal.

These steps ensure the safe and efficient removal of an entire tree. By using ropes to secure branches before cutting, you can lower them slowly to the ground, preventing falling branches from damaging your home.

How to cut down a tall tree on the site: rules for removing large trees

Tree removal services: felling, felling and pruning

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Tall trees in our area are not a unique phenomenon: under favorable conditions, many species of central Russia grow to heights of 30, 40 or more meters. Increased attention to them is associated with the danger that they can pose to people and buildings in the event of their fall. Especially if the tree is emergency.

Why do they fall?

The first , which is also the main cause of the fall of trees, including tall ones, is a poor, weakened condition associated with diseases and any other damage to the trunk or root system. A healthy plant is able to withstand serious loads like heavy winds, for example.

The second reason is a large windage. Large and tall trees grow in conditions of fierce competition with each other for a place under the Sun. They quickly stretch upwards, and therefore their trunks are usually straight, without branches in the lower and middle parts. The crown, on the other hand, is formed closer to the top and becomes the very “sail” that “catches” the wind, provoking the fall of the trunk.

Accurate cutting of large trees requires a lot of time and patience.

April 2014
Photo: Kaleria Lapshina

Scotch pine, widely distributed from China to the British Isles, is a good example of great windage. On the territory of the European part of Russia, it can be found everywhere. How can one not recall the paintings of I. I. Shishkin, especially his famous “Ship Grove”, which depicts tall, slender mast pines, with cone-shaped crowns crowning the very tops!

Another reason for the fall can be the root system. Norway spruce, typical of the northern regions of Europe, has a superficial root system that does not securely hold the plant in the ground. Along with a trunk height of several tens of meters, this leads to poor wind resistance.

They decided to cut down the tall pine tree near the glass fence, just in case.

April 2014
Photo: Kaleria Lapshina

What tree is considered tall?

Most of the territory of the Russian Federation is forests: coniferous, deciduous, mixed. They are formed by plants of different species. According to the existing classification, all woody plants in our country, including central Russia, are divided into 9 groups according to height. The first 4 groups are a variety of shrubs: low, high - from 1 to 5 meters.

Here, for example, include: lilac, sea buckthorn, viburnum, mountain ash and other similar plants known to all of us. Following them (in ascending order) are some types of maple, pine, apple, birch, acacia - these are already trees, but they are considered low and medium in height - from 6 to 20 meters. The remaining three groups are high and very high.

Thus, are considered high if they outgrow the mark of 20 meters . In the Central European part these include:

  • some types of poplars (pyramidal, white, black),
  • Norway spruce,
  • Norway and Ash maples,
  • aspen,
  • English oak,
  • common ash,
  • gray alder,
  • warty birch,
  • silver and heart-leaved lindens (small-leaved),
  • Scotch pine and some others.

For different breeds, height is a relative concept. For example, an apple tree that does not reach the mark of 20 m can be considered high, but only among apple trees. In this article, we are interested in really tall trees, since the difficulties that arise when working with them are associated precisely with the large absolute height of the trunk.

In the city, it is convenient and practical to cut plants from an aerial platform.

March 2014
Photo: Kaleria Lapshina

Where and in what cases does it need to be removed?

In itself, such a tree is not a problem. But if it is emergency, it can cause great damage when it falls. A fallen tree easily tears the wires and knocks down the poles on which they are stretched, rams the roofs and destroys the walls of buildings, breaks vehicles and blocks the roadway. Not to mention the threat to human health and life! Therefore, in the city, such plants must be removed if they grow:

  • near overhead power lines,
  • next to residential buildings,
  • playgrounds,
  • car parks, etc.

Large and dry trees can often be seen in summer cottages. Sometimes they hang over the house, risking falling at the slightest breath of wind. In addition, dry trees are fire hazardous. Standing tall plants, not necessarily dry, can also pose a threat.

How to cut down a tall tree?

If it is necessary to cut down a tall tree, the trunk of which is strong enough to support an adult person - in our case, an arborist equipped with a chainsaw and other necessary equipment - the method of felling the tree in parts is used. The specialist climbs the trunk, first removes all the branches and the top, and then cuts the trunk into separate logs, which he either throws down or gently lowers on a rope. Depending on customer requirements.

The pine tree in Obninsk turned out to be too tall for machinery. I had to call an arborist.

September 2013
Photo: Kaleriya Lapshina

It is difficult to work in holiday villages, where the territory of household plots is limited, as a rule, to six acres. Because only six acres can be located, in addition to a residential building, “a million more necessary and valuable” things. This includes flowerbeds, garden beds, and lawns with gazebos...

Therefore, the problem arises - how to cut down a tall tree on the site without damaging the owner's property, evenly distributed over the entire area? Under these conditions, all parts of a large tree: branches, fragments of the trunk - carefully descend after being removed on a rope. They are picked up below, thereby keeping the site safe and sound.

Thin tall trees

These cases need to be told separately. The work of removing them is often complicated by the inability of the arborist to climb them: the trunk can bend or, in general, break under the weight of a person. Therefore, an aerial platform is often used to fell such plants. If it is not possible to use it: the terrain does not allow, there are no entrances to the object, the neighboring growth is used. An additional rope is hung on them - a safety rope. In addition to all this, thin trees are sometimes felled entirely, under the root.

The thicker the tree trunk, the longer it takes to saw it.

September 2013
Photo: Kaleria Lapshina

Difficulties and dangers

The dangers of removing tall trees are primarily related to their height. Falling from them can result in serious injury or death. Therefore, when working with large trees, the specialist first assesses their condition: healthy or emergency.

The threat (accident) is often hidden from view. The tree may be sick, but the disease is seemingly asymptomatic, as it happens in humans. Only a specialist is able to accurately determine the condition of the plant and take into account all the risks. The life and health of a tree climber depends on the correct diagnosis.

Such a tree is also dangerous because the wind load on it is greater than on low ones. Even in good calm weather, the wind blows at high altitude. It swings the top like a pendulum, complicating the feller's work.

When cutting down a tall tree, all the actions of an arborist, even the simplest ones, are multiplied by the height - this is the main danger when working on such objects!

How do we do it?

Nuances of tree removal in the Moscow region

Remember - the work of an arborist is very dangerous, it requires skills, knowledge and experience.

We specialize in tree removal. We take on any orders: we can solve the problem if the branches are located directly above the house and need to be carefully cut, we can safely cut rotten trunks, remove trees that have fallen on buildings.

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Thoughts are material!

Naturally, it all started with agreements and preliminary planning.

During the day, three teams at four sites cut down thirteen trees and cut dry branches from several pines!

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Trade terms

Broken top of a tree

Can lead to sad consequences. When falling, be sure to hit the most valuable item in your area.

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Arborist

An arborist is a professional who has the technical skills, gained through experience and appropriate training, including climbing, to oversee the treatment of trees and other woody plants in residential, commercial, and public landscapes.

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    8 ways to cut down a tree. 🌳 Correct cut technology. ✅ Blog SpilKursk.PRO

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    8 ways to cut professional arborists

    Author: Korovin Maxim Comments: 0 Reading time: 7 minutes


    There are situations in life when the head of an organization, the owner of a plot, a tenant or just a tenant of an apartment building needs to understand how to cut down a tree correctly. There can be many situations of need. It is important to remove the tree in accordance with the law and regulations so that people and the site where it is located do not suffer.

    Are you from ?

    Professional arborists from the SpilKursk.PRO company will help you safely cut down a tree!

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    Sawing with hand tools
    1. Chainsaw operation
    2. Cutting the trunk and branches
    3. Stump removal
    Professional tree removal
    1. Free felling saw cut
    2. Using the natural slope of the trunk
    3. Guided cut with guy
    4. Free throw swath
    5. Cut in parts with curtain
    6. Complete removal
    7. Sawing when the tree is fully hung
    8. Use of vehicles

    Sawing with hand tools

    The technology of manual removal of trees seems to be the simplest and cheapest, especially on your site. Let's see, is that right?

    Working with a two-handed saw or an ax today is the "last century", which can only be used without health risks on shrubs or thin trees. Therefore, such "technologies" are not discussed.

    You can not work with a traumatic angle grinder or a hacksaw for metal, designed for other things.

    Chainsaw operation

    Almost any owner of equipment is sure that he knows how to cut down a tree with a chainsaw. In fact, this work is dangerous and requires a clear alignment of actions.

    Preparation

    Tool : the chainsaw must be fully prepared before operation - sufficient level of gasoline, oil, chain integrity and tension checked (when the chain is pulled from the top of the bar - it is necessary that the guide teeth do not come out of the groove), switching on and off without jamming.

    Tree : determine the fall area of ​​the felled tree, clear the area in that direction, cut all knots up to shoulder height. The fall zone of the object is planned 2 times more than its crowns.

    If you are going to fell a tree for the first time and it is not possible to determine the fall zone by eye, you can hold a carpenter's ax or any object 60-70 centimeters long (the standard length of a carpenter's ax handle) at arm's length, move towards the tree until the ax and tree become "of the same height". In the place where you stopped and there will be a point of contact with the top of the earth tree.

    Three-stage felling:

    1. Oblique cut of wood from the side of fall from top to bottom at an angle of 60 o , to the base. Sawed to a depth of up to a quarter of the diameter of the trunk.
    2. Notching horizontal or at an angle of 30 o - made from the bottom on the same side, until it connects to the top, until a wedge is obtained. The cut angle should be 45 o . Full tree cut prohibited!
    3. felling cut. Clearly on the opposite side of the future fall trajectory. It is carried out parallel to the second cut, but with a distance of 5-10 cm above it and leaving 10% of the diameter uncut. Not finished between the main cut and the saw cut is the guide chip. It is left at the corner of the broken tree. If left incorrectly, part of the barrel bounces back violently and can pierce a person's chest.

    A 3-step cut is the basic foundation for any tree cut.

    Possible options for cutting from the side of the fall: the first is a horizontal notch, then the second goes to the connection to the first from above at an angle of 45 degrees. All the time it is important to work smoothly, without jerks, but at maximum engine speed. When the final cut is nearing completion, a wooden wedge is inserted and hammered into it so as not to jam the chain guide. You can use a pole, pre-installed cables, and even a jack to guide the barrel.

    At the final stages, it is especially important to follow the direction of movement of the trunk in order to cut the tree with a chainsaw in the right direction, if necessary, correct or run back. As soon as there is a crack trunk, you need to urgently remove the saw, turn it off and move as far as possible. It is important to calculate in advance so that a fallen tree does not get stuck in the branches of neighboring trees or power lines. There should be enough space left on the ground so that you can come up for sawing branches and cutting the trunk.

    Peculiarities of sawing sloping trees

    A tree whose slope from the vertical does not exceed 10 o is considered upright and is sawn in the usual way. If felling is to be carried out on the opposite side of the slope, it is important to consider the following:

    1. After the main cut, it is important to level the tree in the right direction, while coping with the resistance of the guide chip. You can align with cables or make one edge of this chip wider.
    2. To block the reverse movement, a winch or chain hoist can be used.
    3. If the slope of the trunk is more than 10 o , it is better to choose a different way of sawing, without the need for leveling.

    For old, rotten trees, it is better to leave the guide chips thicker so that they do not burst at the most unexpected moment. If this happens, the trajectory of the tree's fall cannot be predicted. If possible choice in space, it is better that the cut tree falls on the side where it has more branches and branches.

    Safety and retreat areas for fellers are located on the sides of the fall path at approximately 45 o . It is impossible to remain in the place opposite to the fall. If a person makes a mistake in the thickness wood chips - the trunk will sharply go back and cripple.

    If you need to cut a small tree, there will be no particular problems. But if the tree is of a decent age or rotten, big troubles can arise. A person may not accurately calculate the direction of the fall, make a mistake with the depth of the undercut or even jam the saw in the cut. At the most unexpected moment, the appearance of wind or a change in its direction is possible. All this is fraught at best with a broken tool, a branch flying over the head or shavings in the eye, and at worst - a broken roof of a structure that has turned up under the trunk and even broken ribs or a neck.

    Cutting the trunk and branches

    Branches are cut down starting from the bottom of the lying tree. Each branch, first from the bottom, then finished it from above. In large branches, a large part is first cut off, then the remainder is finished.

    If you don't have enough experience, then it's better not to start dismantling large trees alone. It is very difficult to calculate the forces, and you will get tired very quickly, which will increase the risk of error.

    Maxim Korovin Arborist. Head of the company SpilKursk.PRO

    The cutting of the trunk begins with a cut to half in depth. Without taking out the saw, a wedge is hammered with an ax. This is a guarantee that the equipment will not be squeezed between parts of the tree. Then comes the doping.

    Stump removal

    Only a person with serious experience can use a chainsaw for sawing in a stump. There is a high probability of a strong rebound of the saw!

    Stump type Working technology
    Small Use a shovel under the root in a circle like a lever. If a tearing sound is heard - well, the process has begun.
    Medium Dig a hole 2-3 times wider than the trunk. Hard roots must be cut or cut off with an ax from both sides. You can use a chainsaw, but first thoroughly clean the roots from the ground in the place of the saw.
    Large Can be used as a crowbar lever. If it is possible to install - use a lever hoist or a 3-4 ton winch, if there is a strong support for its attachment.
    Any Use a wood chipper, which will turn the stump into shavings with disc blades.

    If it was not possible to overcome the stump, you don’t want to make special efforts to cut down, and time is not in a hurry - you can use the “old-fashioned” method, which works great:

    1. Use a drill with a long drill bit to drill many vertical holes in the stump, 15-20 cm deep.
    2. Pour one of the agents into each: carbide, potassium or ammonium nitrate. The first remedy works best. For a stump diameter of 60-75 cm, 1 kg of carbide is enough.
    3. Pour the agent with water, strictly without splashing.
    4. Seal the openings securely to prevent rain from getting in. You can use chops, but it's easier to wrap the stump with construction polyethylene and tie it with twine. In order not to fly away the edges - press them down with stones or sprinkle with soil.
    5. A year and a half mixture will "dissolve" the stump.
    6. Remove the polyethylene, spread the "bonfire" on the stump and move away. A very active burning of wood will begin. Such a fire goes inside up to 2 m and burns even thick roots.
    See also: 8 ways to remove stumps.

    At first glance, the simple removal of a tree is fraught with many surprises and additional physical work. You need a sober assessment of the risks and time spent on this for a person who has never felled trees. serious work can be done quickly and safely only by specialists with constantly updated experience.

    Industrial tree removal

    It is really dangerous to cut down a tall, thick and sprawling tree by yourself. It is no less unpredictable to work with an old and rotten giant, who can “treat” not only a healthy branch on the forehead, but also fall down entirely in any direction. Therefore, we are not talking about self-cutting here at all. Unless, of course, a person does not want to risk his life.

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    For hazardous work, there are professionals who do it every day, have vast experience and will not hurt anyone. But even they work with climbing equipment, usually with an assistant, and stop any actions in case of sharp gusts of wind or its speed is more than 11 m / s. For each object, the most appropriate method of cutting is selected, taking into account safety.

    Free felling saw cut

    The object is cut down immediately. Beforehand, it is important to calculate the direction of the wind and its strength, the distribution of branches from the center of gravity, the presence of cracks or large holes. From the side of the fall, traditional 45 degrees, on the opposite - felling cut. The method is used when there are no power lines, houses and other obstacles to the felling nearby. After falling, the tree is sawn into pieces for disposal. The easiest and cheapest way, but for professionals.

    Free felling option - sawing to the railing. It is suitable if there are at least 2 trees in the direction of the intended fall, comparable in diameter and size to the saw cut object. Between them at a level close to horizontal ropes (“railing”) are pulled on the ground, which slow down the tree when it falls. A problem is possible - a tree that accelerates “in flight” tears the ropes. Experts calculate the distance to the tree, its mass, the length of the fall, the strength of the ropes, the feasibility of using a quickdraw from behind to slow down the fall, and other possible nuances.

    Climbing rope "standard" with a diameter of 10-11 mm in a new condition withstands a breaking load of 2-3 tons. Over time, it wears off and becomes much weaker.

    Use of natural stem slope

    The method is suitable for even trees with an average height of up to 4 meters, a trunk diameter near the ground up to several tens of centimeters, an inclination angle of 2-3 degrees - so that there is no chance of falling in the other direction.

    Scheme of work:

    1. Sawing all branches up to the height of growth - before undercutting. It is important that in case of an accidental course of the trunk with a deviation of the branch, they do not interfere with bouncing to the side.
    2. Produce classic cuts from the side of the fall at an angle of 45 degrees.
    3. Remove sawn wedge.
    4. Carry out a standard felling cut, leaving approximately 10% of the diameter of the cut out.
    5. Ropes are fixed at the top with special “big shot” slingshots, a line thrower or a stick with a hook.
    6. With ropes, a pole and wedges, they fell the trunk.

    Recommended felling cut for strong trees - up to 50%, for sick and rotten trees - from 20 to 40% of the diameter. In the worst condition of the tree, the cut is made less so that the tree does not break before.

    The height of the cut from the ground, depending on the further purpose of the stump:

    • 70-100 cm, it can be a little higher - if the stump is uprooted, for the convenience of working with a winch.
    • 30-50 cm - with further destruction of the stump with chemicals.
    • Minimum possible - when the stump will be destroyed by a crusher.

    If the tree is not clearly displaced, or the center of the displacement is difficult to determine, specialists control the fall with wedges.

    Guided cutting with guy

    The method of destruction is suitable for a tree that can be completely felled into a selected area using a rope attached close to the top of the tree. To secure it, the rope with the load is thrown as high as possible onto wood. This is usually done with the help of a huge slingshot, which shoots loads with a thin braided line.

    See also: How to legally cut down a tree.

    Suitable for tall and mature trees with heavy branches or a large number of them, even a slight slope in the opposite direction. This creates difficulty in determining the direction of "leaving" at the time of saw cut. You can work with most trees, there would be opportunities for installing quickdraws and strong ropes.

    Scheme of work:

    1. The crown is tied with a pole or an equipped climber, depending on the height of the tree.
    2. The rope is pulled tight by hand, with a winch or chain hoist (with a rope backstop). First of all - side stretches.
    3. Make standard counter cuts.
    4. Felling cut is carried out.
    5. A tree falls into a precisely defined region of space.

    See what it looks like felling a tree with a quickdraw:

    A good choice of action for a tree in the park, forest and even on the site. Professional companies attract high-level specialists who calculate the level of tension, eliminate the risk of splitting the trunk and fall with unpredictable consequences.

    Free throw swath

    A method to cut down a tree in pieces and drop them down. It is chosen when a tall and thick tree cannot be felled freely, but there is free space under it for dumping sawn-off fragments.

    Work steps:

    1. The arborist climbs the tree on gaffs (“claws” worn on the feet with which the climber digs into the tree) and a girth, “along the way” cutting down all large parts of the branches to the very top, if conditions allow. Also he can "hang up" and lower.
    2. Before cutting down the top of the tree, the climber ties a rope to its top and throws it off to a partner.
    3. He pulls the rope in the direction of fall with the force of his hands or a chain hoist.
    4. The climber cuts off the top and finally throws it off.
    5. When going down, all the remains of branches and the trunk itself are cut down.
    6. When the arborist reaches a height of 2-2.5 m, the workers clear the free space below the trunk for him.
    7. The specialist descends and cuts the remains of the trunk into plates of the desired length.

    On a tree, a specialist works with two belays. Having worked one tier, he fixes the second insurance to a higher level. Only after that removes the mount from the lower tier. During the descent, the trunk is processed and cut an average of 2 m per tier. The stump is left no more than a third of the diameter high, if you work according to the standards of the Kursk region.

    Hydraulic lift possible. Actions are performed in the same sequence, with mandatory insurance. If a sufficiently large and heavy tree is cut down, the ground below can be severely broken.

    Cut in parts with curtain

    The method is suitable when they do not know how to properly cut down a tree hanging over a fence, wires or a roof. When sawing, part of the branches that threaten important objects or buildings will be carefully lowered on the ropes. The rest of the cut will be thrown down in small fragments. A qualified assistant can lay down a shock-absorbing “pillow” on the ground from the branches, and then the falling parts of the trunk will not hit the ground / lawn so much. If space the bottom cannot be damaged - the tree will be removed with the descent not only of the branches, but also parts of the trunk on a rope.

    The felling technology is the same as the free throw felling method. Next is the descent:

    1. A rope is pulled between the thickest branches, and a block is fixed to it.
    2. A tree specialist secures part of the branches or trunk with a rope.
    3. Cuts them down.
    4. At his command, assistants on the ground begin to smoothly lead the rope down, lowering the felled fragment.

    This is the way to deal with all dangerous parts of the tree. As a result, the safety zone under the tree is reduced, since the fragments do not "blow up" the ground, but land in a precisely specified place. If the saw cut of a tree comes with aerial platforms, everything is done in the same way, including the fastening of the block.

    It is desirable that at least two specialists work together. This reduces the operating time and makes it safer.

    Complete removal

    Expensive, but the safest way for the owner, balance holder or tenant of the site to delete the object. The best option is to cut down a large tree in a limited space where there are buildings, people and animals may suddenly suffer.

    Work steps:

    1. A climber on a gaff climbs a tree, cutting branches and lowering them on a rope.
    2. Attaches a carabiner with a rope for future hanging of sawn parts.
    3. An assistant fixes the same construction on a neighboring tree, but below.
    4. An arborist is tying a rope to a piece of wood to be cut.
    5. Leads the rope through the upper carabiner to the lower carabiner, where it is fixed.
    6. Cuts down the selected part of the tree, and it hangs on the rope.
    7. An assistant brings the felled part to the ground through the lower structure.

    When two to 5 (for a large specimen) meters remain to the ground, the technology of work changes. A potential threat arises - the “pendulum” from the lowered part of the tree can damage the building, wires or residues the trunk on which the person is fixed. When the tree is rotten and split, the climber can fall from a sufficiently high height and with all the tools. Therefore, in order to avoid troubles and accidents, the remains are cut down along small particles and lowered manually or folded gently from above.

    Hanging cut is not recommended in winter when the wood becomes brittle.

    Sawing when the tree is fully hung

    The method is especially suitable for emergency specimens that have fallen on buildings or adjacent plantings. Reminiscent of cutting with a guy, but requires a minimum of free space. Be sure to have a strong wood.

    • The climber reaches the top of the tree being cut down and ties the rope so that it is about a fifth of the height above it, provided that the tree is not in danger. A rope is installed on the emergency trunk remotely - with the help of "big shot" slingshots, line thrower or pneumatic gun. The principle of operation of the most common slingshot is simple: a cord with a weight is thrown through the base branch, under the influence of which it falls down.
    • Throws a rope over a "helping" tree and descends.
    • The rope is stretched and fixed.
    • The removed trunk is cut down and the old tree hangs on a nearby tree by a rope.
    • The sawing of a hung tree starts from the bottom, with a shortening of 1-1.5 meters. The action continues until the top and bottom are balanced, to prevent the leaf cover from flipping down.
    • The rest of the stem is placed on the ground.

    The method is time consuming, suitable for a situation where it is not possible to lay down the whole specimen to be cut.

    Use of vehicles

    When an arborist cannot climb a tree, it is better to use the services of specialists who have additional automotive equipment: a tower or a crane.

    This work is estimated to be cheaper, since it is easier and faster to work from a tower. But the “approach” of technology is not possible everywhere. More often, professional arborists with ropes are required, of which there are few.


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