How to cut papaya tree
How To Shorten A Papaya Tree, It's Not Difficult.
Written by Samanthain Grow Fruit,Uncategorized
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Papayas are beautiful trees to grow however they are a large tree and can grow to over 30 feet tall which is not ideal when it comes to harvest time.
When you eat papaya there are that many seeds inside you really should give it a go to grow your own tree.
There are a number of things you can do to keep your papaya tree a more manageable size and in this article, I am going to tell you how to shorten a papaya tree so that it stays more like dwarf size.
I have always found it is a better idea to keep your papaya short and more like a shrub than allowing it to grow up to a full sized tree.
To shorten a papaya tree simply cut the top inch off of your tree. You should do this every time your tree grows 5 inches. In young seedlings, this will result in a thicker trunk and in older trees, it will result in more branches growing out the side rather than upwards growth.
Why Top your papaya to keep it short
Topping a papaya tree is an advanced form of pruning and it is exactly what it sounds like you cut the top of your papaya tree to keep it short.
Chopping the top of your papaya tree will also mean you end up with a healthier tree as every time you prune it in this way the trunk of your tree will end up growing thicker and this is always a benefit for a healthy tree compared to one with a thin trunk that looks like the wind could blow it over and snap it.
If you are growing a papaya tree in a container then it is vital that you do prune your tree in this way as it will help keep your papaya tree dwarf and a good size for growing in containers.
If you are growing your papaya tree in the ground you should still use this method as it is a lot easier to harvest your papaya off your tree when it is in arms reach and not way up high in a tall tree.
This video shows exactly how to dwarf a papaya tree by using this pruning method:
How often should you top your Papaya tree
There is no exact time scale of when to prune your papaya tree as they all grow at different speeds depending on the climate that you live in, what fertilizer you use and many other variables.
The easiest way to decide when to top your papaya tree is to measure its growth, I top my papaya tree every time it grows 5 inches and I have found over the years this is the perfect way to do it.
If you live somewhere that has a cooler climate during the winter months you might want to stop this method over the winter and only do it during the summer months as when you cut a tree you want it to be in a growing period so that it can quickly recover.
You should continue this method throughout the life of your papaya tree as if you stop doing it there is a possibility it will just sprout up the way and could possibly turn into a massive tree depending on the variety.
How to top your papaya tree
When you are pruning your papaya tree you should always use disinfected, sharp and clean sheers as using dirty sheers to chop a tree is one of the easiest ways to transfer disease.
When you cut the top off your tree you effectively make it just like an open wound so you should treat your tree just like a human and you would never use dirty instruments anywhere near an open wound on a human as obviously this could easily cause disease and infection.
I have advised you to top your papaya tree every time it grows 5 inches but this does not mean you cut the top 5 inches off as this would mean your papaya tree never gets any taller and we do want it to get taller when it is a seedling but just keep it manageable.
All you do when it is time to prune your papaya tree is chop the very top of your tree off so this is maybe the top 1 or 2 inches.
When you do this the papaya tree will then transfer all of its growing energy from growing up the way to making the trunk healthy and growing out the way.
When your tree is still relatively young most of the energy will go into making the trunk thicker but as your tree gets older and you continue the topping method you will notice more shoots start to grow out the way.
If you want to read my full guide on growing papaya Click Here.
Choose a dwarf variety of papaya
If you have decided to grow a papaya tree from a seed out of a papaya that you have bought in the store then you would know what variety or type of tree it has come from and you will just have to go for it see what happens and prune it correctly to keep it at the desired size.
If you are buying seeds out of a seed store to grow your papaya then you should be careful what variety you choose as choosing a dwarf variety is half of the battle when it comes to keeping your papaya tree small.
With regular pruning, you can basically keep any tree down to a smaller size.
The hint is in the name it’s called a dwarf variety for a reason and a dwarf variety of tree should grow to be a smaller version of its full-sized counterpart.
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Papaya Grafting Methods; Pruning Methods; Training
PapayaGrafting Methods, Pruning Methods and Training:
The following information is about Papaya Grafting Methods, Pruning Process, and Training.Grafting and Pruning of Papaya
Papaya which is scientifically called as Carica Papaya is one among the 22 species which are accepted from the Carica genes belonging to the family of Caricaceae. Papaya is originated from the American tropics, mostly from southern Mexico and the neighboring regions of Central America.
Papaya is a tropical tree which is very well-known for its leaves which are long and lobed. The fruits of papaya tree have tiny black seeds in them.
Papaya is a small tree which is branched in a sparse way. They generally grow with one stem which would be up to a length of 10 meters. The leaves of the papaya tree are arranged in a spiral way and these are confined to the upper level of the trunk. The lower trunk will have scars and that is the place where the birth of leaves and fruits take place. The papaya tree consists of large leaves which would be up to 30 inches in diameter and are have a shape which is similar to a hand with extended fingers. The flowers of the papaya tree have the scent which is sweet. These would open at night times and are also moth-pollinated. The fruit of the papaya tree would look like a berry which is large and will have a length of approximately 12 inches in diameter. The fruit is ripe and soft like a ripe avocado and the skin of the fruit will have an orange hue.
Read: Lemon Tree Pruning Methods.Grafting a Papaya tree:
- You need to plant three seeds of papaya at a depth of half an inch in two of the containers. These containers should contain a potting mix which is well-drained. Now the seeds should be placed and the space between them should be even so that there would be sufficient room for their growth. Add water into both the containers so that the soil can get moistened.
- Now locate the containers at a place where full sun is available with a temperature of 23°C. Now provide heat to the bottom of the papayas which are being grown in containers so that there would be an improvement in the chances of success. You can also locate the containers in a window which is above a heat register or a radiator. Germination of seeds will take several weeks.
- You need to water the plants regularly in order to bring moisture to the soil, but make sure that you are not wetting the soil completely.
- Start thinning the plants so that only the papaya which is healthy will remain in each container. You need to be with patience and wait till the plants get at least three leaves before the process of thinning. Allow the plant to get matured for about one and a half or two months before the process of grafting continues.
- Sterilization of blades of shears or scissors should be done in alcohol or household bleach. This should take place for at least 15 minutes. After this, rinsing should be done, before commencing to cutting.
- You need to clip one inch of the papaya plantS top by using the scissors which are sterilized or the garden shears. Doing this would force the plant for the production of more number of branches for papaya grafting.
- Let the second plant grow. You should not touch it for another one and a half or two months and let it grow to a length of at least 10 inches.
- Now start cutting the top of the second papaya plant when it reaches a height of 10 inches and the branches of the first papaya plant reached the diameter of a pencil. You must leave at least 6 inches of the stock which is protruding from the soil.
- Cut at a depth of 1 inch. The cut should be a horizontal one into the second plant trunks top by using a grafting knife which is sterilized. This cut is called as a cleft and the trunk which has been cut is called as the stock in the cleft grafting process.
- Now remove one of the newly formed branches from the first plant by making use of a grafting knife. Remove the end of the papaya branch for the formation of the wedge. This particular piece which is removed is called as a scion.
- Slide the end of the scion which is cut into the cleft cut made in the trunk, the stock and second plant.
- Make sure that you are tying a piece of soft twine all around the stock tightly so that the stock which is present around the cion can be secured.
- The graft should be wrapped in a loose manner by making use of a grafting tape by making sure that the tape is completely covering the union in between the plants and also check that none of the parts of the cleft cut made in the trunk can be seen. This step is unnecessary but this would help for the prevention of infections caused by the bacteria when the graft is healing.
- The plant which is grafted should be placed in a warm shade for at least seven days. Take off the tape and twine after one week. Then, the healing of graft takes place and the growth of the plant will occur quickly in the environment which is warm and is having abundant sunlight.
- The first thing you need to do is to wear the gloves and safety glasses prior to pruning a papaya tree. The latex sap of the papaya will lead to irritation of the skin in the individuals who are sensitive.
- Now take off all the dead leaves or the broken ones along with their stems by making use of loppers or anvil pruners. For the stems which are small, make use of anvil pruners. On the stems which are large and are under two and a half inch in diameter, make use of loppers.
- Pruning should be done for all the branches and they should be completely removed. The papaya tree will not develop any sort of branches usually until and unless there is any damage caused to the stem.
- Remove any sort of shoots which are sprouted from the papaya base. If the papaya tree is aged and if you observe that the production process is slowing down, allow the growth of one shoot after the harvesting is done, generally in the month of September. At the time of spring, cut the main stem and stake the shoot so that it would become a fresh fruiting system.
- Give an opportunity for the papaya tree which is grown very tall to revitalize. This can be done by removing the main stem in the spring, that is at least 3 feet from the level of the ground. Cover the stem which is remaining by using a garbage bag for protecting it from rain or water. There would be many shoots which would sprout rapidly from the papaya base. When the shoots would reach a length of 1 foot, choose the shoot which is the strongest as a new main stem. Take off all the other shoots.
Read: Rose Plant Grafting Methods.Training of Papaya Tree: A well trained Papaya.
- Well, training is one of the cultural activities should be carried out in the plantation of the papaya crop.
- As papaya trees are easy to break, they need good support until they are well established in the ground.
- Use any standard poles/sticks/support and it is better to grow windbreaker trees at the border of your field.
Read: Cinnamon Growing Information.
1 Papaya Grafting Methods, Pruning Methods and Training:
1.1 Grafting and Pruning of Papaya
1.2 Grafting a Papaya tree:
1.3 Pruning a Papaya tree:
1.4 Training of Papaya Tree:
How papaya grows - cultivation and care - Summer Residents Life
Do you know how and where papaya grows? Few people can answer this question, but many want to know how to grow it at home. Of course, you will need to work hard, but it is quite possible to implement. At home, such an exotic tree will bring a lot of pleasure and smiles.
- 1 About the plant
- 2 Benefits and harms
- 3 How to grow a tree
About the plant
Papaya (popularly “melon tree”) is a species of the Karika genus. Its appearance resembles a palm tree, the difference is only in a thin stem and the absence of branches.
The trunk reaches a height of 5-10 meters, the leaves are quite large - about 50-70 centimeters in diameter. First, a flower develops, later it turns into a fruit. The fruits are amber or yellow. All parts of the plant contain milky sap.The height of the tree reaches 10 meters
You can meet papaya in Mexico, Central and South America. Abroad and at home, it can be grown in any tropical countries using a special "piece climate". Believe it or not, you can plant and grow papaya even at home.
Fruits are usually used raw, without peel or seeds. Unripe fruits are stewed, ripe fruits are simply eaten. You can bake on the fire, while they will smell like freshly baked bread. From here came another of the variants of the name - "breadfruit tree".Peel off the skin before use Can be consumed raw Beautifully designed And also cook delicious dishes from papaya
It is important to note that you need to pick fruits very carefully. They release latex juice, which can cause an allergic reaction and a rash on the body.
Benefits and harms
Although papaya is sweet and tasty, it is also low in calories. Often used in dietary nutrition. There are only 39 calories in 100 grams of the product.
- proteins, fats, carbohydrates;
- group of vitamins A, B, C, D;
- potassium, iron, sodium, phosphorus, calcium;
- albumin enzyme;
- carikaxanthin (a substance that betrays a yellow color).
Papaya is very helpful for digestion - it helps to extract the most useful substances from food. At home, the juice can be used for medicinal purposes. Helps with insect bites, relieves pain from burns.
Cosmetics based on the fruit are produced all over the world. Usually it is intended for exfoliating the skin and treating skin diseases. You can make cream and masks at home.Papaya cosmetics fight against exfoliation and skin diseases
"Papain" is extracted from the milky juice of already peeled unripe papaya. It is included in the preparations "Lekozim" and "Kariopazin". They treat intervertebral osteochondrosis.
In tropical countries, the leaves of the tree are used by the local population as an anthelmintic, as well as for contraception and abortion. It is better not to use this method at home.
The fruits of the tree are used for bronchial ulcers, colitis, normalization of the liver and blood sugar levels. The dried leaves also serve as a cigar filling instead of tobacco.
In addition to beneficial properties, there is also a harmful effect on the human body:
- Unripe fruit juice is extremely dangerous - it is a poison. It is better not to keep such fruits at home, especially if you have children.
- Who is prone to allergies - be especially careful in tasting!
- When using a diet that includes papaya, stick to the measure.
Remember! This is an exotic fruit, and it is not known how your body will perceive it.
Delicious varieties are considered:
- Dutch - orange skin and pink sides. In Indonesia, it is also called "California".
- Red Lady - round shape, much less seeds than all other varieties. Bright red flesh, specific taste.
- Hawaiian - grown in Thailand, reminiscent of children's chewing gum.
- Solo papaya - grows exclusively in the Philippines, light yellow in color and small in size.
- Wild papaya.
- Torpedo - not for nothing it was called that, the weight of fruit reaches 4 kilograms.
To properly clean the fruits at home, follow the instructions:
- First, cut lengthwise into two parts.
- Take a tablespoon and discard the seeds inside.
- Remove the thin skin with a knife.
- Cut into cubes or wedges.
Already chopped fruit can be put in the refrigerator for an hour - this will give it a special chilled taste. Serve at home as a dessert, additionally using ice cream or cream.
How to grow a tree
You can try growing a papaya tree at home. It is unlikely that it will bear fruit, but it will give a piece of tropical paradise for sure.home grown papaya tree
Remember! When growing at home, it cannot be cut off - this can destroy the plant.
- Remove the seeds from the fruit and rinse with normal running water. It is recommended to put them on paper and leave for about a day. The seeds are completely dry and ready to plant.
- Since the plant does not tolerate transplanting, it is best to foresee this nuance and immediately use a large pot.
- Plant the seeds in the ground, the depth should not exceed 2 centimeters. After 2 weeks, bores will appear, and you will need to choose the strongest. Remove the rest from the pot.
An interesting fact is that trees can be male, female, and also asexual. Male plants do not bear fruit, only produce pollen for pollination. One "male plant" can pollinate 10 "female" trees.
In the tropics, the "melon tree" bears fruit within 10 months after planting throughout the year.
At home, you need to water the plant every day.
There must be drainage so that water does not linger in the pot. The plant requires monthly top dressing or fertilizer. He loves the sun and light, you can use artificial lighting. The average room temperature is allowed in the region of 18-24 degrees. The life span of a tree does not exceed 5 years.
How to grow papaya (melon tree) at home
Growing a papaya tree (melon tree) as a houseplant is possible. It will give you a wonderful experience and a tropical corner in a sunny warm room. You should not count on your own papaya crop, but cases of fruiting a melon tree at home in a northern climate are known.
Papaya is a fast growing fruit tree with an unbranched tree trunk. It has large, segmented impressive leaves growing on long petioles from the upper part of the plant, forming together a kind of green umbrella. Papaya planted from seed at home should not be pruned. this can kill a single-stemmed plant.
Growing a melon tree from seed is considered the best way to propagate it for beginners, and in our case it is the only option available. A ripe fruit purchased in a store provides us with several hundred small black papaya seeds, almost ready for planting.
Growing papaya from seed
Cut the fruit of the melon tree, remove the seeds and wash them in running water to remove any remaining pulp. Then dry the seeds by laying them out on paper for a day, after which they are ready for planting. It must be borne in mind that papaya does not tolerate transplants with any damage to the roots, this immediately weakens the plant and it begins to hurt and die. Therefore, it is necessary to immediately provide for planting homemade papaya in a large pot or use a container for germination, which can be easily cut and completely removed with an earthen lump. If you plan to grow papaya on a covered terrace or in a greenhouse, then plant the seeds immediately in a permanent place.
Use several dozen seeds for planting at once, digging them to a depth of two centimeters at a short distance from each other. In the future, after germination, it will be necessary to select the healthiest specimens, and remove the rest. Seeds of ripe papaya usually have good germination, in two weeks the first sprouts should appear, but this may take longer.
Soon you will notice that your seedlings are different in size and intensity of growth, so it's time to choose the best of future trees. If you are looking to try your luck growing papaya fruit at home, then at this stage you need to leave about a dozen young plants. It turns out that papaya trees can be male or female, as well as bisexual. The male plants do not bear fruit, but only produce pollen to pollinate the female flowers. In plantation conditions, one male tree is enough for a dozen female ones.
Papaya starts flowering when it reaches about a meter in height. Male trees bloom earlier, their flowers are located on thin long stems, several at the end. Female flowers are usually solitary and are located directly near the trunk in the axils of the leaves and are large. In a warm climate with ideal conditions for growing papaya, the first crop is obtained already 10 months after seed germination. Papaya blooms and bears fruit almost all year round.
Conditions for growing papaya at home
Papaya has large soft leaves. They evaporate a lot of water in hot weather, and therefore the plant needs regular daily watering in the summer and more moderate watering in the cold season. Unfortunately, papaya is very susceptible to root rot, especially at low temperatures. Waterlogging is the main cause of problems when growing homemade papaya.
Soil and drainage should be organized so that moisture does not linger in the pot and flows freely into the pan with each watering, from where it can be easily collected or drained. A healthy plant will generally be more tolerant of fluctuations in humidity and temperature conditions, but care must be taken with watering during cool periods.
Papaya is a fast growing and very hungry plant. A home tree requires monthly top dressing, as well as initially rich in organic soil. Papaya responds especially well to nitrogen fertilizers and requires their regular application. In addition, they are well absorbed by fresh manure and humus. We must not forget about mulching, on top of the soil there should be a layer of chopped grass on a permanent basis - an imitation of the wet organic rainforest litter.
Papaya loves warmth and sunshine. Growing papaya at home, she needs to provide maximum access to the sun, including artificial lighting. A melon tree can be made to grow in partial shade, but it will have a sickly elongated appearance, and the fruit on such plants will not have the proper flavor. Indoor papaya will tend to grow towards the light, so the tree pot needs to be rotated a quarter of a turn every week to give an even appearance.
Papaya tolerates an average room temperature of 18-24°C well. It should be kept warm all year round. During the summer months, the papaya pot can be moved outdoors to maximize sunlight. The tree can withstand high temperatures, and withered leaves will rise again with watering. But when cold weather sets in, the plant must be brought into a heated room, since zero temperatures are detrimental to it.
Young papaya plants are the healthiest and most productive. The older the tree, the weaker it becomes, produces less fruit, and diseases and pests begin to develop in it.