How to do a family tree in french

Learn Your Family Tree Vocabulary

Skip to content Family Members In French: Learn Your Family Tree Vocabulary

The French vocabulary presented in this article is essential to be able to communicate about the subject “Family members” and start a simple conversation in French. So, keep on reading because you are going to learn how to say in French:

  • close family members
  • extended family members or more distant relatives
  • family-in-law members
  • members of adoptive families
  • members of reconstituted families or stepfamilies

Are you ready to communicate basic information about different types of families in French? Let’s waste no time!

If you wish to start learning French online to take the tests DELF, DALF or TCF, revising all our french vocabuary worksheets is always a great idea!

Close family members

Close family – La famille proche
Antoine and Mathilde are Alec’s parents. Antoine et Mathilde sont les parents d’Alec.
Antoine is Alec’s father.Antoine est le père d’Alec.
Mathilde is Alec’s mother.Mathilde est la mère d’Alec.
Alec calls his father, “daddy.”Alec appelle son père “papa”.
Alec calls his mother “mommy.”Alec appelle sa mère “maman”.
Alec is their son.Alec est leur fils.
Alec is an only son. Alec est fils unique.
Alec doesn´t have any brothers or sistersAlec n’a pas de frères ni de sœurs.
Alec’s grandparents live in Nice.Les grands-parents d’Alec habitent à Nice.
Marcela is Alec’s granny. Marcela est la mamie d’Alec.
Albert is Alec’s grandpa.Albert est le papi d’Alec.

Extended Family Members

If you google “aunt” and “uncle” you will find hundreds of fiction books for children and adults about these special characters. They have been portrayed as fun and wise, but also as mysterious, distant and sullen. In this section we’ll see some of these members of the family who, one way or another, also play an important role in our lives.

Extended Family Members – La Famille Éloignée
Phil is my mom’s brother. He’s my uncle.Phil est le frère de ma maman. C’est mon oncle.
Uncle Phil is very funny.Tonton Phil est très drôle.
Lucy is my dad’s sister. She’s my aunt.Lucy est la sœur de mon papa. C’est ma tante.
Auntie Lucy is vegan.Tata Lucy est végane.
Susan is uncle Phil’s daughter. She’s my cousin.Susan est la fille de mon oncle Phil. C’est ma cousine.
Billy is aunt Lucy’s son. He's my cousin.Billy est le fils de ma tante Lucy. C’est mon cousin.
Billy is my father’s nephew.Billy est le neveu de mon père.
Susan is my mother’s niece. Susan est la nièce de ma mère.
A distant cousin of mine lives in China.J’ai un cousin éloigné qui habite en Chine.

Family in law

Below you will find some useful vocabulary to talk about your family-in law.

In-Laws – La Famille Par Alliance
the parents-in-lawles beaux-parents
my family-in-lawsma belle-famille
my father-in-lawsmon beau-père
my moter-in-lawsma belle-mère
my son-in-lawsmon gendre
my daughter-in-lawsma belle-fille
my brother-in-lawmon beau-frère
my sister-in-lawma belle-soeur

Adoptive Families

Let’s see some vocabulary about adoptive families.

Adoptive Families- La Famille Adoptive
biological parentsparents biologiques
birthmothermere de naissance
an orphanun / une orphelin(e)
an adopted childun enfant adopté
adoptive parentsles parents adoptifs
a guardian / a wardun tuteur, une tutrice / un(e) pupille

Reconstituted Families or Stepfamilies

Let’s learn some keywords to talk about reconstituted families.

Reconstituted Families – La famille recomposée

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French Family Vocabulary - Lawless French

One of the interesting things about la famille and French family vocabulary is that the word parent means not just "parent" as in mother or father, but also "relative." It can be both a noun and an adjective.

Par exemple…

J’ai un parent à Lille. I have a relative in Lille.
Nous sommes parents par mon père. We’re related on my father’s side.

La famille

Close relations, next of kin = les proches

Special family terms

Un aîné / une aînée can refer to an older brother/sister, the oldest brother/sister, or the first-born son/daughter.

Un cadet / une cadette can refer to a younger brother/sister or the second-born son/daughter in a family.

Le benjamin / la benjamine is the youngest child in a family.

 For twins, triplets, etc. , see the "multiple births" section of Multiplicative numbers.

extended family la famille étendue
blended family la famille recomposée

Family by marriage ~

Famille par alliance

In French, there’s no distinction between step-family and family-in-law: they are both equivalent to beau- or belle- plus that family member.

  What’s the difference?

For the non-native English speakers out there:

Step-family (Famille recomposée) has to do with a spouse who has children from a previous partnership:

  • My father’s new wife is my step-mother (belle-mère) and I am her step-daughter (belle-fille)
  • My step-mother’s son is my step-brother (beau-frère) and I am his step-sister (belle-sœur)
  • A child born to my father and step-mother is my half-brother (demi-frère) or half-sister (demi-sœur)
  • My new husband’s daughter is my step-daughter (belle-fille) and I am her step-mother (belle-mère)

Family-in-law is your spouse’s family and the family of your sibling’s spouse:

  • My husband’s mother is my mother-in-law (belle-mère) and I am her daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru)
  • My husband’s brother is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)
  • My sister’s husband is my brother-in-law (beau-frère) and I am his sister-in-law (belle-sœur)
  • My son’s wife is my daughter-in-law (belle-fille or bru) and I am her mother-in-law (belle-mère)

Other Family Matters

Adoptive Family ~
Famille adoptive
biological fatherpère biologique biological mothermère biologique
adoptive fatherpère adoptif adoptive mothermère adoptive
adopted sonfils adoptif adopted daughterfille adoptive
Foster Family ~
Famille nourricière / Famille d’accueil
Godparents and Godchildren
godfatherparrain godmothermarraine
godsonfilleul goddaughterfilleule (pronounced like filleul)

 Related features

  • Reading: Moi et ma famille
  • Love language
  • Nationalities
  • Professions

 French lesson plans

  • Describing Family (Lesson, 1st-6th grade)
  • French and Family (Lesson, K-2nd grade)
  • La Famille (Worksheet, 6th-9th grade)
  • Family Lesson Plan: Grammar (Worksheet, 7th-8th grade)
  • Family Lesson Plan: Quiz (Worksheet, 6th-8th grade)

 En español

  • Familia

 In italiano

  • Famiglia

 Share / Tweet / Pin Me!

Family tree in French


  1. Family in French: Vocabulary + Topics
  2. Translation of the word "family" into French
  3. Names of family members in French with translation and pronunciation
  4. Rules for pronouncing the names of family members in French French
  5. Questions about family in French
  6. How to talk about your family in French: topics of varying complexity + translation
  7. Level A1
  8. Translation
  9. Download
  10. A2
  11. Translation
  12. Download
  13. How to quickly remember new words on the topic Family
  15. cm. Also in other dictionaries:
  16. Report on the NPK in French DEMIRE "DEMIRE"
  17. My Family in French
  18. Videos

Family in French Vocabulary + Topics

This topic is one of the first in the French course. Words on the theme of the family are used very often.

French translation of "family"

The word for "family" in French is famille, pronounced [surname]. This name is a noun, has the same gender as in Russian - feminine. Articles and determiners of the same kind are used before this word. Those. it is correct to say la famille or ma famille about your own family and une famille about some family that is mentioned for the first time.

Names of family members in French with translation and pronunciation

époux (M) [EPU] Daughter Fille (F) [FII] Son [FIS] [FIS] [FIS] [FIS] [FIS] [ Soeur (f) [sor] Brother Frère (M) [FRER] Grandmother


BELLE-FILLE (F) (son's wife)

sister-in-law (wife's sister) BELLE-SOEUR (F) [Bael Syr] Gummer (husband's husband) Beau-Frope (M) [Bo Frar] Sitter (m) [genre] daughter-in-law (son's wife in relation to his father) bru (f) [br] in-law (mother of one of the other spouses) belle-mère (f) [belle-mère] matchmaker (father of one of the spouses in relation to the parents of the other spouse) beau-père (m) [beau peer] stepfather (mother's new husband) beau-père (mother's new husband) beau-père (m) [BSER] stepmother (new wife’s new wife) Packed brother (son of stepfather or stepmother) DEMI-FRère (M) [Demi Frar] Consolidated sister (Daudis with a daughter with a daughter. or stepmothers) demi-soeur (f) [Dami Sur] Crowned Father (the one who baptizes) Parran (M) [Paran] Cross (who baptizes) Marraine (F) [ marin] kum (godfather in relation to the parents of the godson and to the godmother) parrain (m) marraine (f) [Marin]

French pronunciation rules for family members

There are a lot of words for family members. Some general rules for their pronunciation can be distinguished:

Questions about the family in French

To ask questions about the family to your interlocutor, you can use the following samples.

Avec qui tu habites (vous habitez)? - Who do you live with (do you live)?

How to talk about your family in French: topics of varying complexity + translation

It is good language practice to build a story about your family members. To do this, it is enough to briefly talk about each - age, work, interests. Here are some examples of how to write a story about your family:

Level A1

Je m'appelle Marie. Ma famille se compose de quatre personnes. Mon mari et moi avons deux enfants, une fille de sept ans et un garçon de trois ans. Nous avons également des animaux: un chat, un chien, deux lapins et des poissons rouges. Nous vivons dans une jolie maison avec un grand jardin. Notre quartier est calme et paisible. Je suis secretaire et je m'occupe de mes deux enfants quand ils rentrent de l'école. Mon mari est professeur d'anglais dans une école qui se trouve à 20 kilometers de la maison. Le dimanche, nous aimons nous promener en famille dans la forêt proche de notre maison et faire des jeux. Nous jouons dans le jardin quand il fait beau ou dans la maison quand il pleut.

Les grands-parents de nos enfants aiment passer du temps avec nous lors des vacances. Les parents de mon mari habitent très loin de chez nous, mais mes parents ont une maison à quelques kilomètresde la nôtre. Les enfants aiment faire du vélo avec leur grand-père après l'école. Ma fille fait parfois des gâteaux avec sa grand-mère le samedi après-midi. Nous les mangeons ensemble le samedi soir.

Ma sœur habite également dans la même ville que nous. Elle a trois enfants, deux garçons et une fille. Ils aiment venir passer le week-end à la maison, ainsi mes enfants jouent avec leurs cousins ​​dans le jardin.


My name is Maria. There are four people in my family. My husband and I have two children: a seven-year-old daughter and a three-year-old boy. We also have animals: a cat, a dog, two rabbits and a red fish. We live in a beautiful house with a large garden. We are in a quiet area. I am a secretary and take care of my two children when they return from school. My husband is an English teacher at a school that is 20 kilometers from our house. On Sundays we like to walk with our family in the woods near our house and play. We play outside when it's hot, or indoors when it's raining.

Our children's grandparents love spending time with us during the holidays. My husband's relatives live far away from us, but my parents have a house a few kilometers from our house. Children love to ride bike with grandpa after school. My daughter sometimes talks to her grandmother about cakes on Saturday afternoons. We eat them all together on Saturday night.

My sister also lives in the same city as us. She has three children, two boys and one girl. They love to come over for the weekend and my kids play with their cousins ​​in the garden.


You can download this text with translation in PDF format from the link.

Level A2

Aujourd'hui, je vais te présenter ma famille. Je m'appelle Laurent et j'habite à Paris avec mes parents, ma sœur ainée et mon frère. Je vais à l'école pendant la journée. Mon pere s'appelle Alain. Il travaille en ville. Ma mere Gertrude tient une mercerie.

Pendant les grandes vacances, nous allons à la campagne chez mes grands-parents. Mon grand-père nous adore et nous offre de nombreux cadeaux. Ma tante Marcelline habite pres de chez eux. Parfois, ma grand-mère Marie l'invite à la maison pour le déjeuner. Elle vient avec son mari et mes cousins ​​Lionel et Marcel. Nous passons de bons moments à jouer ensemble dans le jardin.

Ma sœur ainee a 14 ans. Elle joue du violon comme un grand artiste. Mon frere Patrice est plus jeune que moi. Il va à l'école des petits. Il sait ecrire son nom. Chaque soir, j'accompagne ma mère en vélo pour faire une promenade dans le parc avec notre chien Snowy.

Mon deuxième oncle Louis dit qu'il a des neveux adorables. Sa femme Maryse est institutrice. Ils ont deux enfants: un fils qui s'appelle André et une fille qui est tres gentille. J'aime beaucoup toute ma famille.


Today I will introduce you to my family. My name is Laurent and I live in Paris with my parents, older sister and brother. I go to school during the day. My father's name is Allen. He works in the city. My mother Gertrude has her own shop.

During the big holidays we go to the countryside to visit my grandparents. My grandfather adores us and gives us many gifts. My aunt Marceline lives near them. Sometimes my grandmother Maria invites her home for dinner. She is coming with her husband and my cousins ​​Lionel and Marcel. We have a great time playing together in the garden.

My older sister is 14 years old. She plays the violin like a great artist. My brother Patrice is younger than me. He goes to kindergarten. He knows how to write his name. Every evening my mom and I ride our bikes while walking our dog Snowy.

My second uncle Louis says he has wonderful nephews. His wife Maryse is a teacher. They have children, a son named Andre and a daughter who is very sweet. I love my whole family.


You can download this text with translation in PDF format from the link.

20 Artocarpe

cm. Also in other dictionaries:

Generalogical tree - noun, stake in synonyms: 6 • Genealogy (7) • Feedback . .. Dictionary of synonyms

genealogical tree. - A family tree, which clearly shows how the main and side branches and their subdivisions descended from a common ancestor. Dictionary of foreign words included in the Russian language. Chudinov A.N., 1910 ... Dictionary of foreign words of the Russian language

family tree atitikmenys: engl. genealogical tree vok. Genealogiebaum, m rus. genealogical ... ... Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

genealogical tree - a graphic symbolic representation of a genealogy within one family. Source: Medical Popular Encyclopedia ... Medical terms

FAMILY TREE - [see genealogy] genealogy of the family, depicted as a tree ... Psychomotor: dictionary-reference book

family tree - noun, number of synonyms: 6 • family tree (6) • genealogy (7) • pedigree ... Synonym dictionary

WOOD - WOOD, a, pl. trees, ev (old tall trees, trees, trees), cf. 1. A perennial plant with a solid trunk and branches extending from it, forming a crown. Coniferous, deciduous trees. 2. unit Same as wood (in 2 values). Furniture ... ... Ozhegov's Explanatory Dictionary

Family tree - This term has other meanings, see Tree. An example of an ascending descending mixed family tree Family tree, or family tree ... Wikipedia

noun, number of synonyms: 6 • family tree (6) • family tree (6) • ... Dictionary of synonyms


Presentation at the CPC in French "Family Tree"

Document selected for viewing family tree.ppt

Presentation description by individual slides:

Topic. Genealogical tree. Completed by: Ksenia Loskutova, 10th grade student, MKOU Novotroitskaya secondary school, Omsk district, Omsk region Head: Fisher M.V., French teacher, MKOU Novotroitskaya secondary school, Omsk district 2014 )

Purpose of the study: Studying and compiling the genealogical tree of one's family Tasks: 1. To study such concepts as family, genealogy; 2. Get acquainted with the history of the origin of your surname. 3. Research previous generations that have a blood connection; 4. develop cognitive and creative abilities in the process of creating your own family tree. 5. learn to independently collect the necessary information from various sources and use it to complete the project. 6. Raise patriotic feelings, pride in your family.

STUDENT QUESTIONNAIRE Did your family make a pedigree (family tree)? 2. Are you interested in your pedigree? 3. Do you know the last name, first name, patronymic of a) grandparents; b) great-grandparents; c) great-great-grandparents. 4. Do you think that a person needs to know his family tree? 5. Why?

QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PARENTS 1. Do you introduce your children to your family's genealogy? 2. What values ​​is your family guided by? 3. What traditions do you have in your family?

The results of a survey of students (28 students) did your family make up a genealogical tree? Yes-13h No-15h

Are you interested in the history of your family? Yes - 25 hours Didn't think - 2 hours Not interested - 1 hour

Do you know the names of grandparents? They know - 24 hours They don't know - 2 hours They don't know fully - 2 hours

Do you know the names of great-grandparents? Know - 12 hours Don't know - 9 hours Partially - 7 hours

Do you know the names of your great-great-grandparents? Don't know-19 hours Partially-9h.

Do you think that a person needs to know his family tree? Yes-26 hrs. No-2 hrs. Yes-14 hours No-3 hours

Interviewing teachers Do you think it is necessary for a person to know his family tree? Yes-11 o'clock

Le sujet: "la généologie"

Papa et maman Et leurs deux enfants: Un fils et une fille. C'est une famille

La famille La maison Le confort Le support /support/ La joie La vie Les parents Les enfants La soeur/le frère L'enfance L'amour La naissance L'unie un foyer /hearth/

Les arieres-grand-parents Ivan Mikhailovich Zinina and Anna Vasilievna Les grand-parents Vladimir Dmitrievich Terekhov and Zinaida Fedorovna Les arières-grand-parents Evgenia Stepanovna Krasilsky and Fyodor Platonovich

Grand-père Loskutov Boris Romanovich arière-grand-père Ivan Zinin Mikhailovich Loskutov Vladimir-le frère de mon Grand-père Loskutov Boris Romanovich

Mes parents Irina Vladimirovna and Roman Borisovich Mon père Loskutov Roman Borisovich

Les arières-grand-parents Zinina Victor, Evdokia, Vera and Marina

Les arières-grand-parents Victor Zinina, Evdokia and Vera Les arières-grand-parents Claudia Anatolyevna Loskutova and Evdokia Semyonovna Zinina with their daughter Vera

Document selected for viewing conference. doc secondary school

School scientific and practical conference

10th grade student

Novotroitskaya secondary school

foreign language teacher

The use of the genealogical tree method in various sciences.

Results of sociological research.

Drawing up a genealogical tree of the family.

Research topic: Family tree

present an illustration of your family tree in the form of a creatively designed independent work, get acquainted with such concepts as family, pedigree, make your own family tree;

to form ideas about oneself, one's parents, grandparents as heirs of previous generations, having a close spiritual and blood connection; get acquainted with the history of the origin of the surname;

acquaintance with new facts from family history; to promote the consolidation of interest in the history of their family, their genealogy.

1. develop cognitive and creative abilities in the process of creating your own family tree.

2. learn to independently collect the necessary information from various sources and use it to complete the project.

3. Promote closer communication between family members, strengthening the spiritual values ​​of the family.

4. Develop interest in the history of your ancestors, your genealogy.

5. To teach how to write down the memories of relatives, ask questions correctly, work with photographs, family heirlooms.

Object of research: family tree

Basic research: relatives of the Loskutov family

Subject of research: Loskutov family

Hypothesis: if I study the genealogical tree, then I will find out the generations of my family, grandfathers and great-grandfathers, their history.

Relevance of the research topic: this topic is relevant, because. you need to know the origins of your family, the life and history of your ancestors.

Type of project : research, individual.

Practical result of the research: compiling your own family tree.

Performing the task, the search for the necessary information is carried out, the project performer learns to collect and study it independently and with the help of adults. Acquires the skills of practical work with literature, conduct a survey.

Work is carried out under the guidance of a teacher with the involvement of parents, a librarian according to an individual plan. The results of the work are drawn up individually in the form of a genealogical tree of their family.

There is a kind of curiosity, the satisfaction of which can be of great benefit to a person, ranging from moral satisfaction to self-determination, a place in life that can be very difficult to find. To find out who your ancestors are and where from, doesn't it mean to find yourself?

Mathematicians have calculated that if you climb the branches of the family tree, doubling the number of direct ancestors with each tribe (and going deeper into time, respectively), then after a dozen tribes (this is not so much: three hundred years), all citizens of a country of a Central European scale will turn out to be relatives, for example, France. It was probably the French who came up with this idea, but Russia, of course, cannot be covered with such a tree.

Genealogy , as knowledge of kinship, appeared together with human society and lives at all stages of its development. In modern foreign encyclopedic dictionaries, the word "Genealogy" begins with the biblical Old Testament section. The Bible tells about the origin and kinship of all the numerous peoples. The flourishing of genealogy in many European countries coincides with the development of feudalism. When property appears in society and o inheritance rights are discussed, knowledge of the degree of kinship is especially important. It has long been customary: in order to increase possessions, it is better to be related to a wealthy family. The stratification of society leads to the emergence of closed groups (estates), each of which has its own special rights, duties, privileges; isolation makes it necessary to fix the degree of kinship within each family so that a stranger does not get mixed up, and between different families. In England and France in the 16th century, government posts were created that were responsible for the correct compilation of genealogies.

In Russia, the word "genealogy" in Greek manuscripts became known in the 11th century under Yaroslav the Wise and was translated as "genealogy", i.e. origin doctrine. The first information about the origin of tribes and peoples, ruling dynasties, individual families appeared already in The Tale of Bygone Years. This is a story about the origin of the Slavic peoples from the sons of Noah, about the arrival in Kyiv of Rurik, the ancestor of all Russian princes.

Gradually, in the second half of the 16th century, the paintings began to turn into small stories of the family: not only was the mention of the participation of the ancestor in the battle written down, but also it was noted how he fought heroically.

Early Russian murals, created to prove the rights of the family to occupy certain government and court positions, were much more modest than European genealogies.

To design such a tree, special symbols were developed: shields of various shapes, on which the names of men and women were written. Such shields were painted in various colors to indicate sons and daughters, their wives and husbands. Already by the shape and color of the images, it was possible to determine whether the person written on the shield belongs to a given family or is related to it by marriage; whether this family has descendants or not. The family trees, decorated with coats of arms and portraits, were very colorful.

Family trees have not taken root in Russia. Only in the 17th century, when families grew, were small graphic diagrams sometimes drawn in genealogical paintings to make it easier to understand the degree of relationship between individuals. In Russia, pedigree paintings were an official document necessary to justify the rights to a position. And to streamline information about family relations after the abolition of parochialism in 1682, the Chamber of Genealogical Affairs was created. The clerks who worked there were supposed to collect genealogical lists from the nobles, check their authenticity and compile new genealogical books. In Peter's time, instead of the Chamber, in 1721, the Heraldry under the Senate was created, which dealt with the affairs of the nobility of Russian families, issued the relevant documents.

In 1980, genealogy is reborn as knowledge of the history of one's family, knowledge of one's ancestors. Public organizations are being created, which include the descendants of Russian nobles and merchants: they are united in many respects by their interest in genealogy. Among other humanities, genealogy turned out to be the closest to computer technology, so genealogical data banks are now being created. The Historical Genealogical Society reappeared in Moscow, and the Institute for Genealogical Research was established in St. Petersburg at the Russian National Library. From 1993 years in Yekaterinburg, the scientific journal "Historical Genealogy" began to appear.

As in the past, studying the history of one's family leads to the fact that people begin to be more interested in the history of the country: after all, it is in the genealogical search that public consciousness merges with the professional research of the historian.


Theme “My Family” in French

If you are just starting to learn French at school, university, with a tutor or on your own, one of the first topics to study will be “My Family in French”. Also at school, you may be asked to write a story about your family in French as homework. Such a story usually consists of 150-250 words. To write it, you need to be able to build simple sentences.

Let's analyze the necessary vocabular, which is useful to you when writing an essay on the topic “My family” in French:

Nouns NOMS
La Famille
mère, maman
father, papa pére, papa
called s’appeler

At the beginning of the essay on the topic “My family” in French, it is good to write general information about your family. Here you can indicate the number of family members, the characteristics of your relationship, hobbies and common pastime traditions. When composing a story about a family in French, try to avoid platitudes, write why your family is unique and what you like most about its structure.

Then divide your French family story into paragraphs. Each paragraph will describe one family member.

Conditionally write 3-5 sentences about each of them. This may include information about the name, age, hobbies, occupation and character of your immediate family. End your family story in French with a summary of your personality and a final conclusion about your family.

Examples of typical phrases when writing an essay on the topic “My family”



Open French lesson on the topic: “Family and genealogical tree”.

Family members in French.

French words on the theme: "Family". Vocabulary on the topic: "La famille". Family members in French.

French Video Dictionary "Family"// La Famille rien. Thank you and please in French. What are the common mistakes not to make?

✅ French LESSON 25 / FAMILY in French

French seasons

Home vocabulary - French

French | Let's talk about family

Family tree.

Family tree in French


  1. Family members in French - 25 words with transcription
  2. Family in French
  3. Family members in French with transcription and translation
  4. Theme “My family” in 906
  5. French
  6. Mom, dad, I am a friendly family!
  7. New vocabulary
  8. Writing an essay "My family"!
  9. Remembering family members in French!
  10. How to write an essay "My family"?
  11. Video

Family members in French - 25 words with transcription

Today's topic will be about the family.

Vocabulary on the topic "Family" is included in the set of the most necessary vocabulary.

And every beginner to learn French will come across it almost from the first lesson.

Today I offer a small selection of the most common words for family members in French.

Family in French

Famille - [famij] - surname - family.

Famille is a feminine noun, the same in gender as the Russian word “family”, therefore we use feminine articles and determiners before famille – une famille, la famille, ma famille, cette famille.

Les membres de la famille [le-mãmbr-də-la-famij] – family members.

Family members in French with transcription and translation

Before you start learning the words from the table, do not forget that the stress in French always falls on the last syllable - this is one of the features of the French language.

The vowels [ɑ̃], [ɔ̃], [ε̃], [œ̃] are nasal vowels. After the pronunciation of these vowels in the nose, the consonant n, standing after, is not pronounced.

  • 5
  • Word Transcription Reading Translation
    LA Mère [Mɛ: R] ME: Mother
    MAMAN [MAMɑ̃] - ATS
    Le Père [Pɛ: R] PE: P Father
    Papa [Papa] Papa
    Les Parents [0064 [GRɑ̃-Mɛ: R] grɑ̃-me: R Grandmother
    LE Papi [PAPI] PAPI LAMIE LAMIE LA MAMIE Mom Grandmother, Granny
    Les Grands-Parents [Grɑ̃-PARɑ̃] Grɑ̃-PARɑ̃ Grandpa (by analogy with parents)
    le Petit-Fils (ə)ti-fis] niece
    le cousin - la cousine [kuzε̃] - [kuzin] kuzin - kuzin Cousin (sister)

    Theme “My Family” in French

    If you are just starting to learn French at school, university, with a tutor or on your own, one of the first topics to study will be “My Family in French”. Also at school, you may be asked to write a story about your family in French as homework. Such a story usually consists of 150-250 words. To write it, you need to be able to build simple sentences.

    Let's analyze the necessary vocabular, which is useful to you when writing an essay on the topic “My family” in French:

    Nouns NOMS
    La Famille
    mère, maman
    father, papa pére, papa
    called s’appeler

    At the beginning of the essay on the topic “My family” in French, it is good to write general information about your family. Here you can indicate the number of family members, the characteristics of your relationship, hobbies and common pastime traditions. When composing a story about a family in French, try to avoid platitudes, write why your family is unique and what you like most about its structure.

    Then divide your French family story into paragraphs. Each paragraph will describe one family member.

    Conditionally write 3-5 sentences about each of them. This may include information about the name, age, hobbies, occupation and character of your immediate family. End your family story in French with a summary of your personality and a final conclusion about your family.

    Examples of typical phrases when writing an essay on the topic “My family”



    Le père ("Papa") + la mère ("Maman") = Les parents (m) Father (Dad) "" + mother (Mother) = parents

    Ma mère est la femme de mon père et mon père est le mari de ma mere. My mother is my father's wife and my father is my mother's husband.

    Mes parents ont trois enfants: deux fils (= deux garçons) et une fille, je suis le fils aîné (=le plus âgé). My parents have three children: two sons (= two boys) and a girl (daughter), I am the eldest son (= older).

    Mes parents ont un deuxième fils: c'est mon frère, et ils ont une fille: c'est ma sœur. My parents have a second son: this is my brother, and they have a daughter: this is my sister.

    Le grand-père, la grand-mère → les grands-parents Grandfather, grandmother → grandparents

    le petit-fils, la petite-fille → les petits-enfants grandson, granddaughter → grandchildren mère et les parents de mon père sont mes grands-parents. My mother's parents and my father's parents are my grandparents.

    Et je suis leur petit-fils / petite-fille. And I am their grandson / granddaughter.

    Avec mes frères et sœurs et tous mes cousins ​​et cousines, nous sommes leurs petits-enfants. With my brothers and sisters and all my cousins ​​and cousins, we are their grandchildren.

    Les arrière-grands-parents: le père de mon grand-père est mort, c'était mon arrière-grand-père. Alors mon arriere-grand-mère est veuve. Great-grandfathers and great-grandmothers: my grandfather's father died, it was my great-grandfather. My great-grandmother is a widow.

    Mon père a une sœur, c'est ma tante. Elle est mariee avec mon oncle. My father has a sister, this is my aunt. She is married to my uncle.

    Mon oncle et ma tante ont deux enfants: un fils, mon cousin, et une fille, ma cousine. My uncle and my aunt have two children: a son, my cousin, and a daughter, my cousin.

    Ma mère a deux frères: ce sont mes oncles. My mother has two brothers: these are my uncles.

    Le frère de ma mere est marie; sa femme est aussi ma tante. My mother's brother is married; his wife is also my aunt.

    Ils ont une fille et un garçon, mes cousins. They have a boy and a girl: my cousins.

    Mon cousin est le neveu de mon père et de ma mère; ma cousine est la nièce de mon père et de ma mère. My cousin is the nephew of my father and my mother; my cousin is the niece of my father and my mother.

    Ma cousine était mariee mais maintenant, elle est divorcée et elle vit seule.

    My cousin was married but now she is divorced and she lives alone.

    Les parents de ma femme (ou de mon mari) sont mes beaux-parents: mon beau-père et ma belle-mère. The parents of my wife (or my husband) are the wife's parents: father-in-law and mother-in-law; husband's parents: father-in-law and mother-in-law.

    Le mari de ma fille est mon gendre (ou mon beau-fils) ; la femme de mon fils est ma belle-fille.

    My daughter's husband is my son-in-law; my son's wife is my daughter-in-law

    Mon beau-fils, ma belle-fille : je suis remariée, c'est le fils / la fille de mon mari. Stepson/stepdaughter: I remarried, this is my husband's son/daughter.

    Mon demi-frère (ma demi-sœur) est le fils (la fille) que mon père (ou ma mère) a eu(e) avec une personne qui n'est pas ma mère (ou mon père). My half-brother (my half-sister) is the son (daughter) of the father or mother.

    Des frères et sœurs nés le même jour sont des jumeaux. Brothers and sisters born on the same day are twins.

    Pour des filles, on dit des "jumelles". Twin girls.

    Des gens sont concubins quand ils vivent ensemble sans être mariés. Ils peuvent aussi être pacsés: ils ont alors déclaré officiellement a la mairie leur vie commune sans être mariés. Après le mariage, souvent, les gens divorced, (se marier ≠ divorcer) Quand on n'est pas marié, on est célibataire (m/f).

    Quand le mari est mort, la femme est veuve. Quand la femme est morte, le mari est veuf.

    When the husband dies, the woman is a widow. When a woman dies, the husband is a widower.

    French topic: My family is ma famille


    Mom, dad, I'm a friendly family!

    The family is the most important part of a child's life. Parents, brothers and sisters are the dearest people in the world. Therefore, a child learning a language will take interest in the topic "Family" in French. He will talk with animation about his family, and will listen with interest to how the word “mother”, “dad”, “grandmother”, etc. sounds in French.

    New vocabulary

    grandparents together

    Task No. 1

    Before you start working with new words, ask the child who he loves the most, who is the most dear to him. If the child does not yet know, explain to him that all these people are called by one word - FAMILY. And tell me that today you will learn how the main word "mother" sounds in French.

    Next, select a picture of a family or select a photo from your family photo album and, using new words from the table, as well as constructions sa/ son/ ses name all family members in French. First, do it yourself (twice), then invite the child to repeat after you, and then try to name all the family members yourself.

    Example: C'est une mère, ce sont tes grand-parents.

    Task №2

    Now using question phrases Qui est- il?/ Qui (what is his/her name?) continue working with the picture or photo (it is better to change the picture or photo to a new one). First, ask the question yourself and answer them yourself, then let the child answer.

    Example: Qui est-il? C'est mon pere.

    Comment s'appelle-t-il? Il s'appelle André.

    Task №3

    Take a break from the picture and invite the child to draw or do modeling. Draw or mold a family of cats, fish, mice, etc. from plasticine (depending on the child's abilities). And then introduce each character using the new vocabulary and the constructions above. Question 9 can be added0062 Quel ậge a-t-il/elle? and answer Il/elle a 5 ans.

    Example: C’est une mère-poisson. Elle s'appelle Marie. Elle a 7 ans

    Task №4

    Now invite the child to listen and then read the rhyme about the family. If the child cannot read yet, let him just listen and memorize. The poem can be learned by heart.

    Task #5

    And now some music. Watch, listen and repeat!


    Writing an essay "My family"!

    The composition “My family” in French will help you to correctly and voluminously describe all members of your family, their characteristics and activities.

    The composition "My family" is present at French lessons in almost every class. In addition, in a normal conversation with a Frenchman, you will always be asked about family members. We will analyze how you can tell or write about loved ones in detail.

    Remembering family members in French!

    Let's replenish our vocabulary with the words necessary for a conversation or an essay that are directly related to the topic:

    How to write an essay "My family"?

    If we are writing an essay about a family in French, it is important for us to follow a certain, predetermined structure. We begin each essay with an introduction. A few introductory phrases of the first paragraph in which you can write what a family is, why it is so important for every person. Phrases will help you here:

    Now let's move on to the main part. You can start with what your family means to you and why, why you love it, how happy you are that you have loved ones, etc.

    And then we move on to the description of family members: who works and where, who is fond of what. In the main part, talk about how you all spend time together, what you do, how you relax together, etc.

    And, finally, the final part of the composition. In it, you conclude why it is so important to have a family for every person. Phrases like: 9 can help you here0003

    And now, friends, we would like to present you with a sample essay "My family" in French, which you can rely on in describing your family.

    Ma famille est la chose la plus précieuse que j'ai. Je pense que la famille est très importante pour chaque personne, parce que la famille ce sont les personnes qui t'aiment et qui tu aimes. Ma famille n'est pas grande, c'est une simple famille habituelle. Nous sommes cinq: mon père, le chef de famille, ma mère, ma sœur mon chat et moi.

    Mon père s'appèle Michel. Il a quarante-deux ans. Il est ingénieur et travaille dans une grande entreprise. Il aime beaucoup son travail. Pendant son temps libre, il aime faire du sport. Ma mere, Lucie est enseignante. Elle enseigne le français à l'université. Elle est tres patiente et travailleuse, afin que les éleves l'adorent. Elle a trente-six ans, mais elle a l'air plus jeune, elle est tres belle. Ma soeur s'appele Natalie. Elle va à l'école maternelle. Elle est tres mignonne et charmante. J'adore ma petite soeur. Nous jouons souvent ensemble.

    Quant à moi, je suis écolier. J'ai quatorze ans. Après l'école, je joue dans le parc avec mes amis. J'aime jouer au fotball. J'aime lire et passer les soirs avec ma famille. Nous nous sentons tres bien ensemble. Moi et ma soeur, nous aimons visiter nos grands-parents le samedi et le dimanche. Et nos grands-parents sont bien aises de nous voir. Ils ont toujours quelque-chose de delicieux por nous.

    Nous aimons passer le temps libre ensemble. Le soir nous allons au cinema ou dans un restaurant. Si nous restons à la maison, alors nous discutons des livres et des films intéressants. Parfois je joue aux échecs avec papa, pendant que maman aide ma soeur avec ses devoirs. Je me sens le plus heureux au sein de ma famille. Parce que je sais que c'est mon abri et c'est une place où je peux venir avec mes questions et mes problèmes. Et ma famille me soutiendra toujours.

    Je pense que l'homme ne peux pas vivre tout seul, sans famille. La famille est celle place où t'attend toujours. J'aime beaucoup ma famille.

    We have already completed the composition “My family” in French. You can write your own based on this example. If you are writing about a husband or wife and your children, then replace the words "father" with "husband" and "mother" with "wife", and put the appropriate age. We wish you good luck!



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