How to draw half siblings on a family tree
How To Add A Half Sibling To Your Ancestry Tree – Data Mining DNA
by Margaret O'Brien
A half-sibling relationship cannot be added to an Ancestry tree without first creating their common parent. Sometimes you have the details of the siblings but don’t know anything about their parents.
You may also encounter scenarios where two siblings have been incorrectly assigned both parents in your Ancestry tree – and you want to fix this.
We’ll cover all scenarios in this article.
Table of Contents
How To Add A Half Sibling In An Ancestry Tree
The easiest scenario is when the person has no parents yet in the tree. You need one parent before you can create a half-sibling relationship. Follow these steps.
- Add the parent in common.
- Add a brother or sister to the existing child entry.
At this point, you may choose to add a spouse to the parent entry. By default, Ancestry will set the spouse as being a parent to both siblings. This represents them as full siblings, which is not what you want.
You’ll find options at the bottom of the screen to deselect the parental relationship for one or both children.
In the example below, both Anne and John were ticked yes when I opened the edit screen of the new spouse. I have deselected Anne as a child relationship.
How To Add Half Siblings To Someone With Two Parents
When you add a brother or sister to a person in your Ancestry tree with two parents, Ancestry defaults to a full relationship. In other words, the new sibling is entered as a child of both parents.
You will need to edit the relationship of the new sibling and remove the link to one parent.
Let’s take an example of giving John Smith a half-sister on his maternal side. The “Add Sister” dialog box will default to two shared parents – you can’t change that here.
This is what you end up with, and it does not represent the genetic structure:
So, the next step is to remove this paternal relationship. In our example, we will remove it from Anne.
In order to change relationsihps, you open the person’s profile page (click on the person and choose “Profile”). The Edit drop-down menu at the top right of the page has an “Edit Relationships” item.
In our scenario, we are removing the father from this person. This action doesn’t delete the father from your tree. It deletes the incorrect relationship of father-daughter.
At this point, if you return to view John in the tree – you’ll see this:
But if you stay on the “Edit Relationship” screen, you can also add a new person as the father. This new parent will not be assigned as father to Mary’s half-sibling, John.
The tree view would look like this:
How To Change A Relationship From Full To Half Sibling
We’ve actually covered this halfway through the previous scenario.
You have a situation where someone has two parental relationships and you need to remove one of them. Pull up the “Edit Relationship” screen and remove the unwanted relationship.
What If You Don’t Know The Common Parent?
Adding half-sibling relationships is a little inflexible with Ancestry.com. There has to be a parent already in the tree. But you may not know any details about the parent.
Unfortunately, you have to create a place-holder parent before you can add the half-sibling relationship.
When the common parent is paternal, I tend to leave the default surname to match the first half-sibling I entered. That’s just laziness on my part, as the last name is pre-populated by Ancestry when you add a father. I should probably treat the placeholder fathers and mothers the same: set the last name to “Unknown”.
If you’ve inferred the relationship from DNA evidence, you may not even know if the common parent is maternal or paternal. What do you do in this situation?
Well, you’ve got to choose either “add father” or “add mother”. But it doesn’t matter which you go with. You can use the option buttons on the Basic Edit Page to set the gender to “Unknown” if you wish.
If your tree is public, it’s a good idea to add a comment to the placeholder profile. You could give other Ancestry users a clue as to why you’re confident about the half-sibling relationship without knowing the details of the parent.
If you’re trying to add other less “common” relationships, you may be clicking around the Ancestry tree profile – wondering how to achieve what you want. We have a few other articles that may help.
- Adding Step Parents And Adoptive Parents To Your Ancestry Tree
- Adding Unrelated People To Your Ancestry Tree
How About A Book On Building Your Ancestry Tree?
Our e-book on building your family tree with Ancestry.com is available on Amazon at a budget price.
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How to Make a Family Tree Chart
Reading time: about 7 min
Posted by: Lucid Content Team
In 1977, the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) gambled that a 12-hour miniseries based on Alex Haley’s best-selling novel, “Roots,” would be of interest to the general American audience. In an unprecedented move, ABC scheduled the series to be broadcasted over eight consecutive nights.
The gamble paid off as roughly half of the Americans alive in 1977 watched at least part of the series.
The “Roots” miniseries was a cultural phenomenon that influenced millions of viewers to research their own roots. While writing the book, Haley did a lot of genealogy research at the National Archive, and after the series aired, letters to the National Archive tripled and applications to use the facilities increased by 40%.
If you are interested in your own family history, a good place to start is to create a family tree.Family Tree Chart (Click on image to modify online)
A family tree is a visual representation of a person’s lineage, tracing relationships to common ancestors. Visually similar to an org chart, this diagram is usually presented in a tree structure starting with one individual as the root. From the root, lines representing branches terminate in boxes representing leaves. Each leaf represents individual family members with information such as birth, marriage, and death dates.
A family tree diagram or genealogy chart makes it easy to record the people, places, and events that make up your family history and then share it with others. Learn how to draw a family tree (or get started faster with a few examples of family trees).
Why create a family tree?
If you are even a little bit interested in your ancestry and if you would like to gain some insight into who you are and where you came from, you may want to create a genealogy chart.
There are many reasons to make your own family trees:
- It gives you a connection to your heritage.
- It can help you trace genetics and family health concerns.
- It is a good exercise for learning your family history in relation to historical events.
- It is a good way to pique your children’s interest so they will want to learn about ancestors and preserve family stories.
- It can be fun!
How to draw a family tree chart
A family tree can be as simple or as complicated as you want it to be.
A simple genealogy chart may include you, your parents, your grandparents, and your great-grandparents. A complicated family tree chart may include you, your parents, your siblings, aunts and uncles, cousins, and so on.
How far you go and who you include is up to you.
Before you jump in and start drawing your family tree, you may want to do a little planning. For example, you might ask yourself:
- How far do you want to go back?
- Is there somebody in your family who already has this information to give you a starting point?
- What type of information do you want to include on each leaf (births, marriages, deaths)?
- Do you want to add pictures of your ancestors to each leaf? Where can you find these pictures?
You also may want to determine in which direction you will draw the tree. In nature, trees grow from the ground to the sky, but on paper or the computer screen, family trees can develop from the bottom up, the top down, or horizontally. It could be a good idea to look at some examples of family trees to help you decide how your tree will be drawn.
There is not a single family tree definition that dictates what has to be included or what the family tree should look like. But note that if you simply want to chart relationships without digging too deeply, you may want to draw a simple kinship diagram instead. Kinship diagrams use basic symbols, lines, and letters to represent relationships to help you visualize your lineage.Kinship Diagram Template (Click on image to modify online)
1. Gather information about your family
Write down what you know, ask family members to fill in the gaps, and find pictures and documents. Visit libraries and online genealogy sources to search for census records, news stories, land deeds, and other documents that can verify your ancestry.
Remember that you can only go back so far because of the limited availability of reliable records. You may have heard of some people saying that they have traced their lineage all the way to Adam and Eve. But in reality, it is very hard to find accurate records older than a few hundred years because many records have been destroyed in fires, floods, acts of war, and simple negligence. Some areas of the world were better at keeping and preserving records than others, so how far you can go back will depend on where your family came from. Most family tree outlines trace ancestry back three or four generations because of the limited information.
2. Draft a family tree outline
Compile all of the information you have and create an outline. Start drawing from yourself to your ancestors, or start with the oldest ancestor you know about and trace forward to you.
You can draw your family tree freehand using pen and paper or create a family tree online using Lucidchart and our family tree diagram maker. Through this visual workspace, you can select a family tree template online and modify it with a few simple clicks.Family Tree - Basic Genealogy (Click on image to modify online)Genealogy Chart Example (Click on image to modify online)Family Tree - Bowtie Genealogy (Click on image to modify online)
3. Add information to each leaf
Each family member will be represented by a shape connected by lines to represent relationships. Typically a box or rectangle is used to represent your relatives, but you can use any shape that you want to use. Each shape is a leaf on the tree. The shape you decide to use as leaves should be consistent and sized to include the information that you plan to put on your family tree chart.
Place pictures, important event dates, and any other information you want to include in your leaf. As you put together this information, we would recommend a few additional guidelines:
Make it simple
If you want your family tree diagram to be useful to other members of your family, keep it simple so the information can be easily scanned and digested. Try to have each level of the tree represent a single generation so it is easy to trace relationships.
Don’t air your family’s dirty laundry
Who is going to be looking at this family tree diagram? There may be some family secrets that are not known to all living family members, so try to be sensitive about adding information that may not be too welcome to some of your relatives.
4.Distribute your family tree diagram
This is the fun part—once you have finished your genealogy chart or family tree diagram, share it with your family members and give them a chance to reflect on their genealogy or learn new family stories. You can also invite them to provide additional information.
If you have created your family tree diagram online with Lucidchart, click “Share” to give family members access to collaborate on the visual with you or export your family tree to a number of file formats.
Discover your family history with Lucidchart
Use Lucidchart to easily make a free family tree chart. No matter what time zone your family members reside in, everybody with the permission to share and edit the document can open it, add notes, and modify or make corrections at the same time. It’s a good way to bring your family closer without being in the same physical location.
Sign up for a free account so you can start tracking your family history visually.
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family tree features and tips
Drawing your lineage with a family tree is a great way to show children their heritage and introduce them to great-grandfathers and other relatives they won't get to see live. For older people, this is a great opportunity not to forget those who are no longer with us, and to create a kind of history.
- Tips on how to draw a family tree
- Studying the history of your family
- Preparing for drawing
- Drawing a family tree
Studying the history of a kind
First you need to learn more about your origin . Someone is quite familiar with the history of their kind, and someone knows practically nothing about their ancestors, brothers and sisters in other family lines. Before drawing a family tree, you need to collect all the important information that will help you in your work. You need to do it in this order:
- First you need to find out all the information about your family. This can be done with the help of family members or other relatives, by questioning. If you were asked to compile this family tree at school, then perhaps the information that your loved ones provide you will be quite enough. If you want to learn more about the history of your family, you can use the genealogical database. All the sites you need can be found on the Internet.
- Please note that if you miss one of the family members, the family tree will partially lose its meaning. Therefore, you need to make sure that all the information you found is correct. To do this, it is better to check with several sources.
The most interesting thing in is to study the whole history of your family as thoroughly as possible. But if you draw a family tree, then it will be quite difficult to fit all the information received into it, since you will not go beyond the selected sheet of paper, and there will be quite a lot of names.
- Some consider it necessary to focus on great-great-grandfathers or great-grandfathers, as well as brothers and sisters, since these relatives are more closely related to you than distant ones. That's why, in order to draw all the relatives on the family tree, you have to stop at these generations. If your family is not very large, then in this case you can expand your tree to a more distant generation.
Preparing to draw
First select the correct paper size and the drawing supplies. It is best to choose quality painting materials to make your work look decent.
- Specialized art shops and stores sell large sheets of paper by the piece. You can choose one strong and beautiful sheet of paper, such as watercolor.
- One sheet of poster board is also available. It is also sold individually and in a variety of colors. You can buy it in an art workshop or in a stationery store.
- You will draw a family tree with a simple pencil, and outline with a marker or ink pen. Therefore, do not forget to purchase these items too.
Select the tree shape . Most often, a family tree is drawn in the form of a real tree with many branches. Each branch represents your family. Sometimes the tree is depicted in the form of a diagram, where in the end a tree-like form is obtained, but without drawing surnames. You can draw a family tree as you like, as long as you like it.
Drawing a family tree
First you need to imagine how your family tree should look like as a result and how much space you need to leave for writing names. Drawing with a light pencil , you can erase this or that branch at any time and simply redraw it. That's why you first need to apply with a simple pencil.
Now enter your name . If that is your family tree, then it will begin with your name. You need to write it in such a way that there is enough space around it for the names of your numerous relatives.
- The family tree will start with your name. If you write it at the bottom of the page, then the branches can be drawn up, from above - then the branches on your behalf will go down. Some start from the side, in which case the branches will go sideways. Do it the way you feel comfortable and the way you like it.
- If you still decide to depict your family tree in the form of a real tree, then in this case you need to depict it with a light pencil on paper, and place your name in any part of it - this will be the beginning.
Now it's time to add your relatives: parents, brothers, sisters . Parents' names should be placed directly next to your name at the top, bottom, or side. Depending on which tree you have depicted. The names of siblings are written at the same level as yours to show that they are related to your parents.
- If they have spouses and children, they must also be listed on your family tree. The names of the spouses are written next to each other, and the names of the children are written below them. And you can also draw connecting lines from parents to children, but this is optional.
- Drawing a family tree should be as close as possible to the composition of your family. You need to indicate both parents, stepmother or stepfather, even half-siblings, since they are also part of your family. The main feature of the family tree is to make sure that you have not forgotten any of your relatives.
- In order not to forget anyone, it is best to list relatives in the same order. For example, first write the older brother or sister on the left side, and then the rest from left to right or vice versa.
Now you need to enter uncles and aunts, their children, as well as grandparents . From this point on, the family tree will begin to branch out. Next to your father's name, list his siblings and their families (spouses, cousins, and sisters). Next, write the names of your dad's parents and connect them with lines going from each to their children. Do the same with your mother's relatives. It is necessary to depict as many relatives on your tree as possible.
After that, you must continue to enter the names of your great-aunts and grandfathers, great-grandparents, and, of course, do not forget about their families (spouses and children). You need to do this until your family tree reaches the level of population that you intended.
After you finish entering the names , you need to circle the tree with black or colored paints, markers, felt-tip pens, highlighting the names and outline. To make your tree look more colorful, you can decorate it with decorative details:
- You can use different figurines of boys and girls. For example, to indicate the gender of your relative on the tree, you can cut out circles for females and triangles for males. Thus, by looking at the tree, people can immediately distinguish between genders.
- You can also use a dotted line to indicate spouses who are divorced. This will give you the opportunity to display the relationship between two people.
- Your tree can also include the date of birth or date of death of a family member. This will give your tree additional information. Or you can briefly list a biography under each name (date of birth, maiden name, patronymic, and so on).
Make a family tree. Genealogical tree of family
Creating a family tree is a fantastic way to illustrate your family history. Research your family tree first to find out who should be included in the family tree, then diagram each generation to create your family tree. You can decorate your family tree to turn it into a piece of art or just save your research so you always have your story at hand. Review Step 1 to get started.
Exploring your history
Write down the people you want to include in the family tree. The bloodline starts with you and expands from there. Start by writing down the names of your next of kin, then move on to your parents' generation. Make sure you don't miss anyone! Your pedigree will be an important part of your family history, so it will take time to create an accurate family tree.
- Write down your name, the names of your siblings, and the names of your parents.
- Write down the names of your grandparents, the names of your aunts and uncles, and the names of your cousins.
- Write down the names of your great grandparents and the names of your great aunts and uncles.
- Many people stop there, but you can include as many generations as you like.
Fill in the blanks by doing some research. The process of filling in the names can be difficult when you write down several generations. To make sure everything is included and all the names are accurate, do some research to double check yourself. This is a great opportunity to learn more about your family history.
Decide what information you want to highlight. In addition to your family's first and last names, you can list dates of birth, dates of death (if any), dates of marriage, and so on. The presence of these dates in the pedigree will make it even more informative as a historical document of your family. In addition to dates, you can include places of birth or hometowns of your relatives.
Decide whether to include photos. If you have access to photographs of your ancestors, you can add a small portrait of each person. This choice is best for pedigrees that have relatives, as photos can fill in empty spaces on your finished chart.
- If you only have a few photos, you can simply add photos of immediate family members.
- Find photographs of as many family members as possible. If you want to make them all the same size, then copy them to your computer and use Photoshop or another editing program to resize them.
Part 2Create a chart
Start with your generation. This is the root of the tree and includes you, your parents and your siblings. The form your chart takes is your choice. If you want it to expand vertically and thicken on top like a tree, start at the base of a large piece of paper. You can also start on the left side of a piece of paper so that your diagram can be easily read from left to right. No matter what form your diagram takes, complete the following information to get started:
- Write down your name.
- Draw a line from your name to your mother's name. Draw another line from your name to your father's name. Draw a horizontal line that connects your mother's name with your father's name.
- If you have siblings, draw a line from your mother and father to their names.
- If your siblings have spouses, write down their names and connect them with lines.
- If your siblings have children, write down their names and connect them with lines.
Fill in the generation of your parents. Now it's time to fill in the second generation - your parents' generation. Connect each married couple with a horizontal line and draw lines from parents to children.
- Write the names of your maternal grandparents above your mother's name. Write the names of your paternal grandparents above your father's name.
- Match the names of your maternal grandparents with your mother's siblings. Match the names of your paternal grandparents with your father's siblings.
- Add the names of your aunts and uncles' spouses.
- Add the names of the children of your aunts and uncles, your cousins.
Depict your grandparents' generation. If you have a large family, then your family tree may go beyond the edges of the sheet. Some people stop at this point, with grandparents on both sides topping your chart. If you want to continue, it's time to turn on the grandparents generation. Remember to connect married couples with horizontal lines, and draw lines from parents to their children.
- Add the names of your maternal grandmother's mother and father and your maternal grandfather's mother and father. These are your great-grandparents.
- Add the names of your paternal grandmother's mother and your paternal grandfather's mother and father. These are also your great-grandparents.
- Add the names of your maternal grandparents' siblings—your great aunts and uncles.
- Add the names of your paternal grandparents' siblings—your great aunts and uncles.
- Write down the names of the spouses and children of your great aunts and uncles.
Decide how far you want to go. If you enjoy the experience of researching your family's history, then continue as much as you can. There is no limit to the potential size of your family tree, especially if it is digital!
With this article, I begin the publication of regular reviews on narrow topics. I called this rubric " Book Review » . It will be a small overview of the topic and a thematic selection of books is offered.
First review on the topic genealogy and genealogy .
Let's start with questions.
How many generations of your ancestors do you know ?
I may be wrong, but usually not more than 3 generations. Father-grandfather-great-grandfather (mother-grandmother-great-grandmother).
Why so few?
Somehow we don’t have a tradition of keeping a family history and filling out genealogy book . Firstly, no one assumes this function in the family, and secondly, few people know how this is done.
One way or another, but sometimes we know the pedigree of our pet better than the pedigree of our own family, kind.
Why do you need to know this, a question may arise?
Indeed, if earlier it was a necessity, as proof of belonging to one or another noble and noble family, it carried a pragmatic meaning.
For example, in Europe, a person joining a knightly order was required to prove the noble origin of their ancestors, sometimes for three or four generations.
But now it seems that there is no need to prove anything to anyone. All are socially equal.
True, sometimes there is a desire to raise my status and find out - what if I belong to a noble family. Or find foreign relatives who can leave an inheritance.
Or sometimes the following question arises - who are the parents of the bride/groom? It is interesting at least in the first generation to find out with whom your son or daughter will connect his fate.
For these purely pragmatic purposes, the question is why know the pedigree usually ends.
Still, isn't it important to know your family's genealogy?
I think that every person is at least interested in knowing who his ancestors were, where they came from, what they did.
After all, there is such an expression " Ivan, who does not remember kinship ". One of the versions of its origin: we are talking about runaway convicts and criminal elements. Once in the hands of the police, they introduced themselves as Ivans, and they said about their origin "they don't remember their relationship."
In a broad sense, this expression means that a person does not observe, does not respect the traditions of his ancestors, who has renounced his environment.
I don't think anyone wants to fall under this definition.
Organizing family information is not only interesting, but also useful. Indeed, in this way we generalize the entire tribal experience, discover some patterns that are passed down from generation to generation. We understand the strength and weakness of our kind. At the same time, we strengthen family ties.
We are accustomed to looking for an example of fortitude or other quality to literary heroes, or to personalities described in motivating books (usually foreign representatives).
But why not turn to your family for strength of mind. To recharge their energy, learn to cope with difficulties, as they did.
Surely in every family there are such bright representatives.
Memory in future generations
Isn't it important to leave a memory of yourself in future generations.
After all, the realization that the genealogy will be conducted in generations means that the ancestors will know about you and your deeds.
Doesn't this make you take a different look at your life and live it in such a way that you are not ashamed in front of your descendants.
Not to lose honor before the future generation is a good incentive to lead a decent life.
In my opinion, this is very disciplined and makes you think.
"I don't care what people think of me" is a very common opinion today. This is considered the freedom of the individual, its emancipation and independence. In my opinion, this is not serious.
Pride in one's deeds, in one's family, in one's children - isn't that important.
Become real chroniclers of your Family
Why not start compiling a family tree, replenish, exchange, store right now.
There are quite enough opportunities to do this, and anyone who is interested in family history can do this.
In addition, it is interesting and the search can turn into a truly exciting journey into history. There are numerous meetings with interesting people that I didn’t know about before, but who somehow belong to your Family.
Introduction to the theory of pedigree
First, let's define terms.
The science that studies the history of the origin of childbirth and the systematization of genealogies is called Genealogy (from Greek genos genus, origin and logos word, doctrine).
Pedigree is a list of generations of a particular genus, which establishes the origin and degree of relationship.
Over the past centuries, genealogy has developed its own rules and norms for processing information.
Let's get acquainted briefly with some of its concepts.
1. Types of pedigrees.
Genealogy has two directions of research:
upstream genealogy information is collected starting from a specific person to his ancestors: to his father, grandfather, etc.
downstream starts with the most famous ancestor in the past and from him they follow to his descendants to the present day.
Ascending and descending pedigrees may be male and mixed .
Male pedigree - the entire clan of men is indicated, women are only indicated as spouses.
Mixed genealogy - all generations descended from men and women are indicated. Such a genealogy covers several genera in the male and female lines.
2. Types of family tree .
Very brief, illustrations only.
2.1. Ro verbatim tree.
2.2. Pedigree table.
2.3. Horizontal table.
2.4. Round table.
2.5. Genealogical paintings.
Painting is a verbal retelling of a table. As an example, the genealogy of A.S. Pushkin (a small part).
1. Alexander Sergeevich Pushkin, b. 05/26/1799 in Moscow, d.
3. Terminology .
There are three groups of terms:
1. Relationships (relations by blood).
A few examples:
Grandmother, grandmother - father's or mother's mother, grandfather's wife.
Brother - each of the sons of the same parents.
Determination of degrees of relationship:
Grandchild, grandchild - kinship from the third tribe or even further.
Cousin - kinship from the second tribe.
Blood - kinship within the family.
2. Properties (by marriage).
A wife is a married woman in relation to her husband.
Son-in-law - husband of daughter, sister, sister-in-law.
3. Close unrelated relationships.
Uncle - appointed to care for and supervise the child.
Stepfather - mother's other husband, stepfather.
Stepdaughter - a daughter from another marriage in relation to a non-native parent.
A stepson is a step-son of one of the spouses.
Stepbrothers - brothers and sisters from different parents.
How to start compiling a pedigree?
The pedigree compilation algorithm consists of 2 parts:
The first part is a description of relatives living now.
The second part is the search for information about ancestors in archives and libraries.
1. Questioning of relatives.
2. Working with family records
3. Working in the library.
4. Work in the Regional Archive.
5. Work in the Federal Archives.
It's better to start with yourself - as the initial branch of the family tree. This will be an ascending tree. Collect information about parents, grandparents and earlier generations in family archives.
Detailed information on how to compile a family tree, how to make written requests to the Archive can be found, for example, in the book by O. Dan “Make up your family tree” . 2011
For those who are interested, here is a list of books on the topic Genealogy :
1. Where are your roots? Pedigree guide. Compiled by: N.I. Yurtaev.
2. Savelov L.M. Lectures on genealogy. 1995.
3. Introduction to genealogy: Proc. allowance Comp. A. I. Chigrin.
4. Galperin B. My genealogy. 1983.
5. Entertaining genealogy. Comp. E. V. Bibikova. 2007.
6. Kolesnikov P. A. Journeys to Genealogies. 1997.
7. Dukarevich P. My genealogy. 2007.
8. Onuchin AN Your genealogical tree: Prakt. genealogy guide. - 1992.
9. Blagovo N. "Advice to a novice genealogist."
10. Genealogy for beginners: a manual. Comp. L. V. Biryukova. 2006.
12. Rummel V.V., Golubtsov V.V. Genealogical collection of Russian noble families. 1886 -1887.
14. Aksenov A.I. Genealogy of the Moscow merchants of the 18th century. 1988.
15. Genealogy of gentlemen of the nobles included in the genealogical book of the Tver province 1787 - 1869.
16. Bychkova M.E. Genealogical books of the 16th-17th centuries as a historical source. 1975
17. Donald Westlake. "Don't shake the family tree." This is a story, but a very entertaining one.
18. Website: Practical workshop "My genealogy".
I hope that the information will be useful to you and someone will start compiling the genealogical tree of their family already today.
Best regards, Nikolay Medvedev.
Methodology for compiling one's pedigree
Let's consider two main areas of our work.
1. Drawing up a family pedigree ("family book").
2. Drawing up a genealogical (pedigree) tree.
To compile a family pedigree, a special questionnaire is filled out for each relative.
1. Surname (if female, maiden name).
4. Date and place of birth.
5. If he died, date and place of death, place of grave.
6. Name of his father and mother.
8. Are there any brothers, sisters. Their dates of life.
9. Children. Their dates of life.
10. Full name of the wife (husband).
11. Education: where and when did you study, what kind of education did you get, who is in your specialty.
12. Occupation and place of employment: where, by whom and when did you work.
13. In what events of wide social significance did he participate (for example, a participant in a war, the development of the North or virgin lands, etc.).
15. Awards, titles
16. What class did he belong to (before 1917).
17. Interesting facts from the biography.
18. Character traits, interests, inclinations.
19. Sources of information about a person: publications about a person in the press, the Internet, letters, memoirs.
20. Photographs of a person.
When collecting information about a person, indicate where the information came from, from which of the relatives or from publications.
After collecting information about relatives, a “Family Pedigree” (album) is drawn up. Put the collected information into it, add photos if there are clippings from newspapers or printouts from sites.
After collecting information about relatives, they make a family tree. There are several ways to compose it.
1. From an ancestor to descendants.
2. From one descendant to ancestors. When using this method, you start with yourself.
The second method is preferable: less likely to cause confusion.
On the tree, usually only the last name, first name, patronymic of a person and his dates of life are indicated. If possible, add a photo. Other information can be found in the pedigree. To facilitate the perception of the names of men, you can enter in a square, and women in a circle.
We divide the sheet into levels (you can mark them with a pencil). The bottom level is your generation. At the bottom of the sheet (preferably in the center), place a square (circle) with your full name and date of birth. If you have brothers (sisters), add them next to you.
Parents are shown on the level above. Draw a circle and a square next to each other. Draw lines from your parents to yourself and your siblings. Next to the mother, her brothers and sisters (with wives and husbands) are shown. From them, the arrows lead down to their children, your cousins by mother. Next to the father, his brothers and sisters are shown. Draw your paternal cousins down from them. So we got two levels of the family tree. The bottom one shows you, your relatives, cousins, second cousins and sisters. That is your generation. The second level from the bottom shows your parents, their brothers and sisters, that is, their generation. Also, one level above your parents, depict your grandparents (third level from the bottom). Connect your parents with arrows to their parents (your grandparents). Next to the grandparents, show their brothers and sisters. Show their children one level down from them, show their grandchildren one level down.
Please note that if these requirements are met, the tree can be very wide. First, depict its elements in drafts, think over the layout of the tree, the location of its branches. The abbreviated version of the tree often does not show all relatives, but only the ascending line to the ancestor.
At present, specialized computer programs have appeared that allow automating the compilation of the tree.
Fig. 1. Fragment of the genealogical tree of the Great and specific Vladimir and Moscow princes of the XIII-XVI centuries. The scheme shows that Dmitry Donskoy was the great-great-grandson of Alexander Nevsky.
| Fig. 2. Schemes of degrees of kinship. The ascending line of kinship is shown on the left . Count the number of lines between a person and his great-grandfather. There are 3 of them, that is, the great-grandson is in the third degree of relationship with the great-grandfather. |
Descending line of kinship shown on the right . The person is in the third degree of kinship with his great-grandson (3 lines in the diagram).
Shown below is the lateral lineage . The wife's nephew is in the sixth degree of relationship with the husband's niece. Husband and wife are considered to be "one person", and the line between them is not depicted.
In pre-revolutionary Russia (and in most civilized countries) it was customary to study the history of one's family. Of course, the nobility had their own traditions. Huge genealogical rooms were not uncommon in the halls of family palaces. But even in simple families, as a rule, children were told about who their relatives were (both the closest and the most distant). But in the Soviet Union, they were of the opinion that the son should not answer for his father. Yes, and the famous item number 5 in the questionnaires (nationality) ruined the nerves of many people. And the presence of noble people among the ancestors and with high-profile surnames completely became the reason for refusing to accept a non-prestigious job or to enter an elite university. Therefore, in our country for many years they forgot about what genealogy is. But today everything has changed! Many people are beginning to be interested in the question of how to draw a family tree. This can be done in different ways. Further - about them!
How to draw a family tree: the easiest options
If, for example, you want to tell the story of a family to a child, then you should not delve into the historical jungle. It is clear that it will be simply incomprehensible to a kindergartener or a younger student why he should consider his fifth cousin great-grandfather, who lived in ancient times, as his relative.
It is better to start with the simplest scheme, in which those relatives whom the baby knows will be “involved” (usually these are parents, brothers / sisters, grandparents). You can draw a schematic tree with it, color it brightly (with pencils or paints). You can draw both on a landscape sheet and on whatman paper. The details are not so important! You can limit yourself to a trunk, a crown, a minimum of twigs, and then stick a photo with captions (for example, such as: “Grandpa Vanya, Papa’s dad”, “Grandma Galya, Mom’s mom”). The main thing is that you have fun in the process! You can tell some stories from childhood that will be accessible to the understanding of the child. The warm and friendly atmosphere when compiling such a “masterpiece of genealogy” will remain in the memory of the baby. Perhaps, as he gets older, he will want to delve into the history of the family.
A child around 10 years old can be shown how to draw a family tree with a pencil in a more “professional” way. Here it will already be necessary to first decide what the tree will be like (oak, apple tree or, for example, maple). Then you should decide how many relatives (and how) will "settle" on the tree. Maybe the photos will be pasted inside the apples or cherries? Or will nameplates be neatly drawn on the crown?
How to draw a family tree: more advanced options
If you are serious about figuring out your family history, preparing for family tree visualization will be more essential. To begin with, you will need to collect as much information as possible. To draw a family tree, you may have to delve into special databases, as well as visit the archives in your city, write requests in writing and send them to other cities or even countries.
It must be understood that this process is very laborious. By the way, requests must be made correctly. If you want to not only learn how to draw a family tree in practice, but also do it with high quality, you should approach the matter responsibly! You should not write something like: “I am Petya Ivanov, somewhere in Russia I have many relatives, but I don’t know them. Do me a favor, find their data!” It is more correct to make separate requests for the facts of interest to you. For example, if you want to know what your great-grandmother's maiden name was, you should send a request to the authority where she registered the marriage with her great-grandfather, indicating the year of this event and the data known to you. For example, like this: “I ask you to draw up an extract on the fact of the marriage of citizen Sidorov Ivan Petrovich (1930 years of birth) and citizen Anna Ivanovna (1932), her maiden name is unknown. The painting took place in 1950 in the village of Makeevo.
How to start compiling a pedigree? My experience.
A pedigree, or as they used to say, a pedigree, is a series of parents and children, where basic information is given about each.
If you start the record with yourself, then they consider themselves the first generation, their mother and father - the second, the parents of each of them (grandparents) - the third, and so on. Such a pedigree is called mixed.
It is best to start your pedigree with a mixed ascending pedigree.
First, this kind of pedigree is usually started from the memory of their living members of the genus.
Second, the mixed ascendant pedigree is the original kind of pedigree. Without it, one cannot begin to draw up a descending pedigree.
Descending pedigree includes many more generations than is usually stored in memory.
If you make up only your mixed ascending lineage, then you will already do a great deal for yourself, for your family, even for the history of the time in which you live. After all, you will collect information and documents that, perhaps, cannot be found in any archives.
What does it take to build your mixed ascendant lineage? First of all, you need to prepare for this work
How I prepared.
1. From the very beginning, I got myself a good folder, 33x23 cm in size with detachable rings.
2. Prepared 2 dozen envelopes slightly larger than writing paper. There is at the post office (Art.3319r, size 32.5x22.5) They must be redone so that they open from the side, which is 22.5 in size. And on the larger side, make holes for filing in a folder with a hole punch.
3. I put my notes, letters, family documents, photographs into these envelopes. The inscriptions on the envelopes about what is in them are best done in pencil. And it is better if the envelope is transparent, you can immediately see what is lying. Such plastic envelopes with a button are on sale. It's even better, nothing will fly out.
Now that everything is ready, you can start compiling a pedigree.
I learned from my relatives (mothers, fathers, grandfathers and grandmothers) the names and patronymics of their parents. I also learned the maiden names of women of the family. I wrote all this down on a separate sheet under the heading List No. 1
Then I compiled List No. 2. Records are kept here of all brothers, sisters of older family members, their wives and husbands, as well as their parents.
Then start collecting information about each family member. On a separate sheet, I wrote:
1. Surname, name, patronymic of a relative
2. Date, month and year of his birth, place of birth
3. For those who are no longer alive, the day, month and year of death where he is buried.
4. Last name, first name, patronymic of the father of this relative.
5. Last name, first name, patronymic of the mother.
6. Surnames, first names, patronymics of recipients, i. godfather and godmother
7. Estate, for those who were born before 1917, indicate: from peasants, from philistines, from merchants, clergy, nobles.
8. Place or places of residence and in what years.
9. To which religion was he assigned at birth and later (Orthodox, Catholic, Megamethan, Jewish, etc.) or does not belong to any.
10. Where was he brought up, what kind of education did he receive.
11. Places of work or service, titles and positions.
12. Participated in wars, battles. When and where.
13. What awards (insignia, medals, orders) does he have or had?
14. Last name, first name, patronymic of wife (husband).
15 Names and dates of birth of children (day, month, year).
This information is stored in an envelope pinned up in a folder
Do not forget to make a note after each information you write down, from whom it was received and the date of recording.
Naturally, you can write down information about yourself on points 1,2,4,5,8,9, perhaps 6 and partly 10. Do not be upset if you cannot find information on all points Complete information about each person is possible collect very rarely.
I am sure that after reading the above information, you imagined a table littered with a pile of papers, and for sure your optimism diminished. And absolutely in vain. Compiling your family tree on paper is now a thing of bygone days. At the moment, there is a great variety of software products that allow you to make a family tree almost at a professional level.