How to fertilize an avocado tree


How to Grow Your Own Avocado Tree – California Avocados

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really!

Everything you need to know about how to grow an avocado tree. Really! Want your own avocado tree or houseplant? There are a few ways to do it. This comprehensive guide tells you all you need to know, whether you’re starting from a seed or planting a young tree.

  • Planting
  • Soil
  • Watering
  • Mulching/fertilizing
  • Other growing tips


Planting: Houseplant*

You can start with an avocado seed. Wash it. Use three toothpicks to suspend it broad end down over a water-filled glass to cover about an inch of the seed. Put the glass in a warm place out of direct sunlight and replenish water as needed. You should see the roots and stem start to sprout in about two to six weeks. (If you’ve followed this process so far and have not seen roots or a stem sprout in more than six to eight weeks, try another seed. ) When the stem is 6 to 7 inches long, cut it back to about 3 inches. When the roots are thick and the stem has leaves again, plant it in a rich humus soil in a 10½-inch-diameter pot, leaving the seed half exposed. Water it frequently, with an occasional deep soak. The soil should be moist but not saturated. And don’t forget: the more sunlight, the better. If the plant turns yellow, you may be over-watering; let it dry out for a few days. If the leaves turn brown and fry at the tips, too much salt has accumulated in the soil. Let water run freely into the pot, and drain it for several minutes. When the stem is 12 inches high, cut it back to 6 inches to encourage the growth of new shoots.

*Please note that the odds that your tree will bear fruit are very small.

Planting: Young tree

Remember that avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60 F to 85 F) with moderate humidity. They can tolerate temperatures, once established, of around 28 F to 32 F with minimal damage. Avoid freezing temperatures. Plant your tree in March through June. If you plant during the summer, there is always the risk of sun damage, because avocado trees don’t absorb water very well when they’re young. Plant it in a non-lawn area and away from sidewalks and, if you can, plant it in a spot protected from wind and frost. Remember, full sun is best. Dig a hole as deep as the current root ball and just as wide as the width plus a little extra so you can get your hands into the hole to plant it. The avocado is a shallow-rooted tree with most of its feeder roots in the top 6 inches of soil, so give it good aeration. Its root system is very sensitive, and great care should be taken not to disturb it when transplanting. If the tree is root-bound, however, loosen up the soil around the edges and clip the roots that are going in circles.

Soil

Avocado trees like the soil’s pH around 6 to 6.5. If you have a heavy clay soil, elevate the tree in a mound for better drainage. Make the mound 1 to 2 feet high and 3 to 5 feet around. Don’t put gravel or anything else like planting media in the hole. The sooner the roots get into the bulk soil, the better the tree will do.

Watering

Trees typically need to be watered two to three times a week. As the roots reach out into the bulk soil, more water can be applied and the frequency of watering can diminish to about once a week after a year. When watering the tree, soak the soil well, and then allow it to dry out somewhat before watering again. As with most plants, you don’t want the tree to get too dry. The rule of thumb for mature trees is about 20 gallons of water a day during the irrigation season. Seedlings will require quite a bit less water, of course. Check the soil before watering each time to make sure it has dried somewhat. If the soil from around the roots can hold the impression of a hand when squeezed, it has enough water.

Mulching and Fertilizing

Mulch with coarse yard mulch. Redwood bark or cocoa bean husks and shredded tree bark will work. Choose something that is woody and about 2 inches in diameter. Coarse yard mulch is available at some garden-supply centers and through tree-trimming operations. Tree-trimming operations sometimes have material that has been pruned from the tops of trees and doesn’t contain any diseased roots. Use online search engines to find a local tree service. Put 20 pounds of gypsum spread around the tree base, and mulch the area with 6 inches of mulch, keeping the material about 6 to 8 inches away from the tree trunk. Fertilize your young avocado trees with ½ to 1 pound of actual nitrogen per tree per year. You can spread it out over several applications as long as it totals ½ to 1 pound of nitrogen. The other important nutrient for avocado trees is zinc. Ordinary home fertilizer for houseplants will normally work.

Other growing tips

Be patient about seeing fruit. If you have purchased and planted a tree, you can probably expect to see your first fruit three to four years after planting. If you are growing from a seed, it can take anywhere from five to 13 years before the tree is mature enough to set fruit. When the tree does flower, expect a lot of flowers to fall without setting fruit. This is natural.


FAQs and Troubleshooting
Should I plant a “B” type avocado with an “A” type avocado to help with good pollination?

Avocado flowering patterns fall into two groups: “A” type and “B” type flowers. A-type flowers open female in the morning and male in the afternoon, B-type are male in the morning and female in the afternoon.
It is widely accepted that fruit production can be helped with the presence of another avocado variety, but it isn’t always required.

How does temperature influence pollination and fruit set?

Optimum fruit set occurs at temperatures between about 65 – 75 F. Cooler or warmer temperatures are less ideal.
Under some conditions, you may get a fruit from a flower that did not pollinate properly. These small, elongated fruit will often fall from the tree on their own, but if they “hang on” you can pick them and eat them. These fruit are called “cukes” but are sometimes marketed in stores as “Cocktail” or “Finger” avocados.

What can I do about my avocado tree dropping fruit?

This is called fruit drop. An avocado tree typically produces about one million flowers, but only 100-200 pieces of fruit per tree. In other words, 1 fruit in 10,000 will set and mature. Sometimes the tree will set fruit but drop them when they are pea to walnut size. This is typical.
To minimize fruit drop of good “fertilized” fruit, avoid stressing the tree. Don’t under or overwater it. Research suggests that fruit retention is also better when there are other avocado varieties present to provide cross-pollination, and that these crossed fruit have a higher tendency to stay on the tree.
There is also some indication that over-fertilizing with Nitrogen during the early fruit stages can also somewhat influence fruit drop. Check with your master gardener for help with fertilizers for your climate/location.

How can I tell when my avocados are ripe and ready to pick?

Avocados do not “ripen” on the tree, that is, they do not get soft while on the tree. They mature on the tree.
Once you pick an avocado, it can take from 7-21 days for it to soften when left at room temperature. You can speed the process up slightly by placing the avocado in a bag with some other ripe fruit (like an apple or banana) or slow the process down by keeping the fruit in the refrigerator. More on how to ripen avocados.

So, when should I pick my avocados?

Pick a couple of avocados and try to ripen them. If they shrivel up or seem rubbery instead of soft, they are not mature yet. Keep picking fruit every few weeks. Note on the calendar when they soften instead of turning rubbery.

Also, note the taste of the fruit. The oil content of the fruit usually increases through the season, and there will be a certain point when it tastes “just right. ” That date will usually vary somewhat due to climate conditions, and some years will be better than others. Some varieties can also reach a point where they have too much oil and some will turn rancid (although many types fall from the tree before reaching that point).

The Hass Avocado in California typically comes to maturity in February and is good through September or October. These dates depend a lot on where you live and climate conditions.

How many fruit will a mature tree produce in one year?

It is possible for an avocado tree to produce 200 to 300 fruit per tree once it is about 5-7 years of age. The avocado tree, however, alternates bearing. This means that the tree may produce a large crop one year, and then produce a small crop the following year. There are lots of variables that influence this.

How many years will a normal avocado tree produce fruit?

Typically, an avocado tree will continue to grow and produce fruit until something kills the tree.

When is the best time to prune avocado trees?

Avocados can be pruned any time of the year, but there tends to be less vigorous regrowth if it is done after cold weather in the winter, sometime around February.

How large will my avocado tree get?

Growth is reflected in rootstock, variety, soil depth and texture, windiness, irrigation and pruning. Reed, Bacon and Hass trees can ultimately grow to 35 feet in 30 years. Pruning can keep the trees to a manageable size, under 15 feet, but it must be done on a regular basis.

What’s the creamy-white foamy looking stuff that grows out of the bark where there are cuts, or small branches have died and dropped off?

It is just sap coming from a wound. It dries into that sugary white, fluffy stuff.

What areas of California are most hospitable to avocados?

Most areas of Southern California are suitable for avocados, except for the mountains and high deserts, where it gets too cold and too dry for fruit set. Outside of Southern California, it depends on the climate. Cold is most often the problem faced in other parts of the state. Still, there are home growers with avocado trees in and around San Francisco. There is also an area along the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains where avocados are being grown in Fresno and Tulare Counties. Growing areas in Southern California include:

  • San Diego County
  • Orange County
  • Los Angeles County
  • Riverside County
  • Western San Bernardino County
  • Ventura County
  • Santa Barbara County
  • Some parts of San Luis Obispo and Santa Cruz Counties


More Resources

Not finding what you are looking for? Contact a master gardener* or see the below resources. All links open a new window:

  1. Tips for the Backyard Avocado Grower (PDF) 
    This sheet, developed by the California Avocado Commission, was designed to provide Do-It-Yourself tips on growing an avocado tree
  2. Ventura County Avocado Handbook* 
    This helpful handbook, hosted by the University of California Cooperative Extension, provides text book-like information on growing an avocado tree including grafting, planting, flowering and more
  3. Growing Avocados (YouTube)*
    YouTube offers a helpful selection of avocado growing tips and videos from avocado enthusiasts all over the world
  4. Avocado Source*
    The free, virtual library of avocado knowledge. Search for documents, research and more
  5. Avocado Variety Information*
    Almost 1,000 varieties of avocados are identified on this page. Also available through this site is general avocado information, resources on flowering, irrigation, phenology and rootstocks

For cultural advice on your avocado tree or plant, please contact a master gardener* or nursery nearest you.

For assistance over the phone from a Master Gardner, try one of the following hotlines:

LOS ANGELES323-260-3238
ORANGE COUNTY714-708-1646
SAN DIEGO858-694-2860
SAN LUIS OBISPO805-781-5939 or 805-781-1429
SANTA BARBARA(805) 781-5940
SANTA CLARA408-299-2636
VENTURA805-645-1455

The California Avocado Commission does not sell, produce or have avocados, seeds or trees available for purchase. For information on where avocado trees are sold, please contact a nursery nearest you.

* Please note: The California Avocado Commission provides this information as a convenience to you; it should not be considered an endorsement by the Commission of a third-party website or the company who owns it. The Commission is not responsible for the quality, safety, completeness, or accuracy or nature of the content of the linked websites.

Fertilizing Avocado Trees - What Are Avocado Fertilizer Requirements

For those of you lucky enough to include an avocado tree in the garden landscape, my guess is that it is included because you want to sink your teeth into some of the silky delectable fruit. Fertilizing avocado trees, along with general care and proper planting, will give you the best chance of an abundant and healthy crop of fruit. The question is how to fertilize avocados?

Avocado Fertilizer Requirements

What are avocado fertilizer requirements? The feeding of avocado plants is determined by the soil composition. That is, we fertilize to make up for any nutritional deficiencies in the soil, not to directly feed the tree with its nutrient requirements. Avocados need nitrogen, first and foremost, and a little zinc. You can use a citrus tree fertilizer as an avocado fertilizer or go organic and use compost, coffee, fish emulsion, etc.

Avocados are hardy in USDA zones 9b to 11 and in those regions soil is generally sufficiently nutrient rich to support an avocado. That said, some avocado tree fertilizer is recommended since as the tree matures its nutritional needs change and the soil nutrient levels become reduced.

You can minimize feeding avocado plants by properly planting them. Proper planting and general care will set you up for a healthy tree that requires little additional care as it matures.

Avocados are shallow rooted trees with most of their feeder roots at the top 6 inches (15 cm.) or so of soil. Because of this, they need to be planted in well aerated soil. Trees should be planted in spring when soil temps have warmed and in an area protected from wind and frost. Also, keep your avocado away from any areas of lawn where competition for nitrogen may keep the tree from uptaking enough of that nutrient.

Using a soil test kit, check the soil. It should be at a pH of 7 or below. If the soil is alkaline, amend the soil with organic matter, like sphagnum moss. For each 2 ½ pounds (1.1 kg.) of peat moss added to 1 square yard (1 square m.) of soil, the soil pH lowers by one unit.

Select a full sun site and dig a hole as deep as the root ball and a little wider. Gently ease the tree into the hole. If the tree is root bound, loosen the soil and lightly clip the roots. Fill in with soil. Mulch around the tree with coarse yard mulch (redwood bark, cocoa bean husks, shredded tree bark) at the rate of 1/3 cubic yard (.25 cubic m.) per tree. Be sure to stay 6-8 inches (15-20 cm.) away from the trunk of the tree.

Water the new tree in well. New trees can hold about 2 gallons (7.8 L.) of water at planting. Water 2-3 times a week depending upon the weather but allow the soil to dry out somewhat between watering.

Outside suitable growing zones, these plants can be grown indoors in containers.

How to Fertilize Avocados

Fertilizing new avocado trees should occur three times in the first year – once in spring, once in summer and again in fall. When the tree becomes dormant in late autumn, cease feeding. How much should you be feeding avocado plants? One tablespoon of nitrogen broadcast over the soil around the tree. Water the fertilizer in with a deep watering.

The process for fertilizing avocado trees changes as they mature since they have changing nutritional needs. Continue to apply nitrogen, but in the tree’s second year, increase the amount of nitrogen fertilizer to ¼ pound (.1 L.) divided into three applications. In its third year, the tree will need ½ pound (.2 L.) of nitrogen and so on. As the tree grows, increase the amount of nitrogen by ¼ pound (.1 L.) for each year of life divided into three applications. There is no need to fertilize the tree any more than this; in fact, it might harm the tree.

If you had found that you had alkaline soil, the addition of peat moss will take some time to regulate the pH. So you will need to supplement with chelated iron. An iron deficiency should be patently obvious; the newest leaves will have green veins and yellow margins.

Overall, no special avocado tree fertilizer is needed. A general use home fertilizer should work just fine. If it doesn’t contain zinc, you may wish to feed the tree with some zinc once a year. Keep the feeding to a minimum. Keep an eye on your tree for any other signs of distress such as disease and/or pests and treat immediately. Follow all of the above and you’ll be making guacamole in no time.

watering, fertilizing, replanting and pruning, video

Avocado: what kind of fruit and what is useful

Avocado culture belongs to the Perseus genus from the laurel family. The tree has a strong trunk and dark green leaves of the correct elongated shape. The plant reaches a height of 20 meters, and the growth rate is high.

Avocado fruits

The fruits of this tree are oval, elongated, pear-shaped. About 12-15 cm long, usually up to 10 cm wide. They have a dense, dark green skin. It has a heavily ribbed surface and contains a toxin that is dangerous to both humans and animals. This poison is also found in the nucleus of the fetus.

Delicate, buttery flesh with a unique taste. It is mainly used for salads, as an addition to fish and seafood. Avocado pulp is used not only for food - creams, masks and other cosmetics are made on its basis.

The unripe fruit has a stone-like feel and is usually difficult to even cut. The peel in this case is dark green, the flesh is a light greenish-yellow hue. When the fruit ripens, and this happens not only on the branches of the tree, but also when removed, its peel darkens. Guaranteed ripe berry has a black peel.

The avocado plant is able to purify the air of the surrounding nature, so it is often bred at home. As a rule, a tree reaching a height of 3 meters is placed in a bedroom or a children's room. Also, this plant is grown at home in order to obtain tasty and healthy fruits.

Important! The size and quality of homemade berries are strikingly different from those grown in sunny plantations. The fruits are smaller and the taste is somewhat weaker.

Unsuitable growing conditions

The main problem when trying to grow tropical or subtropical plants at home is the mismatch between natural and indoor conditions. Indeed, in nature, these plants are adapted to a very specific combination of temperature, humidity and the amount of sunlight. In addition, avocados, being quite large trees, form a considerable root system, which requires very capacious containers. Not every home has room for large and deep pots. Avocados, on the other hand, are also distinguished by intensive growth rates, especially in the early years. This must also be taken into account when growing this tropical exotic.

Conditions for growing avocados at home

How to care for a cactus: examples at home

A tree with oily fruits is quite undemanding. Of course, in the Russian climate it is impossible to grow avocados outdoors, but it is quite possible to create conditions at home that are close to the homeland. How to care for avocados at home is described in detail below.

Lighting

The avocado shrub arrived in Russia from sunny countries, so for successful growth in an apartment or house, a tree needs a sufficient amount of light. The best option would be to place a tree near a window facing west. So, for most of the day, the avocado will be in the lit area. If this is not possible, then the tree can be placed on the south side. But in this case, you should take care that the plant does not get sunburn.


Sprouted sapling

Temperature

The air temperature in the room where the avocado grows should not change dramatically. Optimal is + 25 °C. If the room gets warmer or, conversely, colder, then the avocado will immediately respond to this. It can shed its leaves and wither away.

Watering and Moisture

Water avocados regularly, checking the soil daily for moisture. If the top layer of soil is slightly dry, then watering can be done. The amount of water used must be determined individually for each plant. Do not allow flooding or underfilling.

Alert text goes here.

Important! In a pot of avocados, a drainage layer is needed: in this case, overflow is excluded, and the roots themselves absorb the missing moisture.

The humidity of the air that surrounds the plant is also important. If it is sufficient, then the appearance of the plant will remain well-groomed and elegant. In no case should you spray the foliage. It is necessary to spray moisture from a spray bottle 10 cm from the avocado.

Soil and fertilizer

The soil for the southern fruit plant should be slightly acidic. It is also necessary that the land be fertile and well ventilated. The optimal ratio will be the composition:

  • 2 shares of land;
  • 1 share of humus;
  • 1 share of river sand.

Before mixing the soil and planting the plant, it is necessary to decontaminate each component. Heat treatment, freezing or roasting, helps to get rid of bacteria and larvae that can harm any plant.

Fertilize and feed avocados once every 10 days for six months. For this, the summer and spring months are used. Mineral, organic, as well as special fertilizers combined for home ornamental trees can be used as top dressing and fertilizer.

Emergence of fruits

Approximately 3 years later, green-yellow flowers appear on the tree, and the first fruits should be expected in about 3-4 years, so that they appear many experts advise grafting the plant in early spring, or planting several trees at once not far from each other against each other for cross-pollination.

Avocados do not ripen to full ripeness, so they must be removed and placed in paper bags.

When growing avocados at home, it must be remembered that the leaves and seeds of this tree contain a rather dangerous fungicidal toxin "Persin". It is quite dangerous for humans. May cause gastrointestinal disturbances or allergic reactions.

Handle the plant with gloves and keep a close eye on children and pets. Now you know how to care for avocados by growing them at home. Why is this tropical fruit so useful?

Avocado dormancy

Indoor myrtle plant - home care

From the beginning of autumn until the end of winter, the plant is dormant. At this time, growth slows down and buds do not form. Avocado belongs to the evergreens, so before resting it does not shed its crown.

Irrigation at this time should be reduced to 1 time in 2-3 days. The air temperature in the room should remain at the level of 18-22 °C. Just like in summer, the plant needs sunlight, so it is necessary to provide it with free, safe access to the sun.

How do temperatures affect the plant?

A plant can get sick even if the temperature regime is not chosen correctly.

If the avocado is not pampered with heat

, the leaves shrink. They will curl up, but they are unlikely to turn yellow. Perhaps their color will become darker. This position of the leaves is a sign of the "death" state of the avocado. When cold, growth slows down, and the life of the plant gradually fades away.

Even if the leaves have already curled up, the avocado can still be saved. To do this, you need to adjust the temperature in the room so that it is optimal (at least fifteen degrees). Do not try to heat the plant as much as possible, because it will suffer greatly from a sharp drop. It is better to increase the temperature gradually.

Do not place any thermal appliances near the avocado. Even if you use them to warm the room, keep them away from the plant.

Temperatures that are too high

also have a bad effect on avocados. Especially if the air is dry. Heat is a provocateur of yellowing of the leaves and their dryness. From it, they become stiffer and smaller in size, that is, they shrink.

The best method of resuscitation

is a gradual decrease in temperature and moderate watering. Do not try to flood the ground if the temperature is not lowered - you will achieve the opposite effect.

Avocados are often attacked by two pests - scale insect and spider mite

. Their action is the same.

A soapy solution is effective in killing scale insects

. It is necessary to dissolve tar soap in water and clean the leaves with a mixture.

Spider mite control

requires avermecatins. These drugs include Vermitek and Aktofit.

Avocado flowers and fruits

Hyacinths: flowers, plant, home care

Homemade avocado tree blooms with dim small flowers. The first flowers appear 5-6 years after planting. Avocados grown at home are extremely reluctant to bloom. The buds form medium-sized and dim inflorescences of 7-10 flowers. They do not emit fragrance and look unassuming.


Avocado flowers

It is even more difficult to get it to bear fruit. Self-pollination at home is an extremely difficult procedure. Inflorescences on one flower bloom twice: on the first day - female, on the second - male. In order to correctly and productively pollinate avocados, it is necessary on the first day of flowering to select some of the strongest buds and mark them. The next day, even more flowers will open, and it becomes difficult to identify those that opened the day before. This is what the label is for.

Pollen is collected from the marked flower with a brush and transferred to neighboring flowers. On the second day, the number of flowers doubles, and there is no way to visually determine which flower is the first and which is the second. As a result, pollen also falls equally on male and female flowers.

Important! Even if male pollen hits a female flower, there is no absolute guarantee that fruit will appear.

Improper care

For avocados, not only timely and appropriate watering is very important, but also the quality of the water used. Water for irrigation should be taken purified (filtered) without excess salts and only at temperatures above room temperature. From watering with cold water, the leaves can dry and turn black. And the amount of water used for irrigation is highly dependent on lighting and ambient temperature. In summer, at high temperatures, the soil in a pot of avocados should practically not dry out. Only the topmost layer of 2-3 cm can dry out. But in winter, when kept at low temperatures, watering can be significantly reduced. But, if it is not possible to reduce the temperature of the content in winter, then watering should be quite plentiful, slightly less than in summer. But if you still overdo it with watering, then the leaves of the avocado also turn black. Indeed, in winter, much less light falls on them, which means that the need for water also decreases.

In winter, it is better to pay more attention to increasing the humidity of the surrounding air, rather than the soil in the pot. To do this, you can spray the crown with warm water several times a day or place sphagnum moss in a pan, constantly moistening it. A good option is to place a group of plants with similar moisture requirements together and close to the humidifier.

All these attempts to correct the situation do not always lead to the desired result, and avocados may continue to dry and turn black leaves. Sometimes untimely and incorrect transplantation leads to such a result.

Replant the plant very carefully, trying to completely preserve the earthen ball on the roots. The soil for adding to the pot is prepared from equal parts of humus, garden soil and sand, it is advisable to add sphagnum. Peat is not very desirable, as avocados do not tolerate acidic soils, and it is very easy to add an excess of it.

The procedure should be timed to the spring period, when all processes take place an order of magnitude faster. But it happens that everything is done correctly, but the leaves still could not be saved. If this happened as a result of a transplant, then do not despair. It is necessary to regularly (1-2 times a week) spray the bare trunk with Epin or another immunostimulant, and the leaves will soon reappear, greener and more beautiful than before.

In order for the avocado to gain strength for the formation and growth of new leaves, it must be fed additionally at such times. But there may be some danger in feeding. Indeed, in a pot there is relatively little land for a voluminous root system of a tree and concentrated fertilizers can simply burn its thin young roots. Therefore, for top dressing, you can use any complex fertilizers for indoor or decorative foliage plants, but it is better to dilute them in half the concentration than indicated in the instructions. It is optimal to repeat the feeding procedure in a week or two.

Pruning and pinching avocados

In nature, the tree grows up to 20-25 meters. Indoor tree is always limited to ceilings and walls. In order for it not to interfere and maintain a beautiful, neat shape, avocados must be cut and pinched young shoots. Pruning is also necessary to remove old, deformed and damaged branches.


Pruning

The best time to start pruning is 4 years after planting. By this time, the tree has already taken its form, and it becomes necessary to maintain it. Pruning is best done before the dormant period. When preparing a plant for wintering, unnecessary branches and shoots are removed. Re-pruning is carried out in early March. Sections must be made with a sterile instrument, and the damage sites should be lubricated with special preparations, for example, garden pitch.

Important! In order for the plant to bear fruit, the first 5-7 years you need to pinch the emerging buds, without waiting for them to bloom.

In order for avocados at home to produce more lateral branches, young shoots stretching upwards need to be pinched several times. The first pinching should be done when the tree reaches 250 mm in height. The top two pairs of leaves are pruned. After that, pinch when the side branches reach 120 mm. Also happens 3 and 4 pinching.

Separate the seed from the pulp

To grow an avocado at home, you need to remove the stone from the ripe fruit. To do this, make an incision about 1 centimeter deep so as not to touch the bone. Carefully divide the fruit into two halves. Pry the bone with a spoon, it will easily separate from the ripe fruit. Rinse it under running water and dry it on a paper towel.


how to grow an avocado

How to grow an avocado

In order to constantly admire a house tree, you should plant a plant with your own hands. Its seedling can be purchased at a specialized store. It is also possible, but very difficult and not always successful, to root the cuttings. The most common way to grow an avocado is from the seed. In this case, the seedlings can germinate in 9out of 10 attempts.

To grow an avocado plant from seed, you need to prepare the necessary soil and container. You also need to prepare the seed itself. It is taken from a fresh, fully ripened fruit. The bone must be completely cleaned of sticky pulp, and the dark brown film must also be removed. Then you can cut the core at the junction of the two halves. It is in this place that the sprout and roots will break through.

There are three methods of germination:

  1. in the ground;
  2. in water;
  3. in the material.

In the ground

If it is intended to germinate the stone directly in the ground, then it is necessary to place it in the ground with a blunt end to a third and thoroughly moisten the ground. Then you need to arrange an improvised greenhouse - cover the seed with a plastic bag or a glass cap. The plant is then placed in the sun. After 1.5 -2 months, roots appear through the split, then the first sprouts.


Seed germination in soil

In water

To germinate in water, place the whole avocado kernel in water. Once a week you need to change the water to fresh. Germination takes about the same time as in the previous method.

In material

If the third method is used, then you need to choose a soft material that can absorb moisture well. In this case, the prepared bone is wrapped in cloth and placed on a flat dish. Fresh water must be added every 2-3 days.

Important! Germinated kernels should be planted in the ground when the roots reach 7-8 cm. It is quite easy to determine the ripeness: from both sides, press on the fruit with your palms, if it has restored its shape - feel free to take it, it will be ripe. You can take not fully ripe and put to ripen in a paper bag with apples, bananas or tomatoes.

Thanks to this trick, the fruit will ripen much faster.

There are two ways to germinate a seed.

Closed

The easiest way to perform: bury the seed with the wide side down to a shallow depth (about 2-3 cm) and, having provided favorable conditions for germination, wait for the sprout in a month.

Open

An unusual way for us to germinate a seed in water. We wash and clean the bone itself and make 3 holes on it in a circle in the center, into which we then insert toothpicks. They will act as a stand. We lower the wide part of the bone into the water and constantly make sure that it is under water, and the upper one, on the contrary, does not get wet.

Or you can use a hydrogel. This is more convenient, because you do not need to monitor the water level with this material.

We are waiting for the first sprout and roots 3-5 cm long, this is the most optimal size for transplanting into a pot. We take a small flower pot with holes in the bottom and light, not heavy soil. Before planting the seed, loosen the ground well. When planting, we take into account the fact that most of the bone should be above the ground.

Problems

Avocado tree at home is quite sensitive to various fungal or viral diseases. If the conditions of detention are violated, then you can immediately find out about this by the state of the plant. If the leaves dry and begin to darken for no apparent reason, then the roots of the plant were damaged during the next transplant. Exposure to bright sunlight may cause burns.


Sunburn on the leaves

Yellowing of the foliage and dropping of the lower leaves means that the plant suffers from an excess of moisture. From lack of watering, the leaves can dry and curl.

Also, the plants are sometimes attacked by spider mites, aphids, whiteflies. You can get rid of them with the help of insecticides.

If you decide to plant an avocado houseplant, then you need to study this issue in detail. With proper care, the tree will not only please the eye, but also purify the air. And also sometimes give the family useful and tasty fruits.

Avocado diseases

Common avocado disease - leaf fall

. If they fall from below, the problem most often lies in rotting roots or waterlogged soil.

In this case, the leaves often become moldy or black before falling off. It is necessary to try to reduce the humidity of the earth in which the plant is located.

Another cause is powdery mildew

. This disease is a fungus. At the same time, the plant is covered with a snow-white and mold-like coating. First, the lower leaves turn yellow and fall off, and new ones grow deformed. Then the plant gradually dies.

Powdery mildew appears from ignoring the rules of watering, that is, when waterlogging and insufficient watering. The risk of disease is high if the avocado is located on the balcony during the rainy season, provided the weather is cool.

Do not forget that the disease is easily transmitted from any infected plant.

Here's what to do for powdery mildew

:

  • replace topsoil;
  • trim damaged leaves;
  • spray the leaves and trunk with a medicinal preparation (manganese, soda-soap, mustard solution, etc.).

If powdery mildew disappears on its own, it does not mean that it will not appear again. Be sure to treat the plant so that signs of the fungus do not reappear.

Top leaf drop

is usually caused by dryness. Even if good watering is provided, but the tops still turn yellow and fall off, the reason lies in insufficient watering. Moreover, it is necessary to water not only the earth itself, but also the entire surface of the plant. Don't forget to wash the leaves and trunk.

Sometimes leaf color seems lifeless

. The leaves do not drastically change color, but only lose it. The problem is the lack of light. Make sure you have good natural light.

How to care for avocados, planting, watering, feeding, pruning

Posted by deneb | Comments: 3

Avocado is a tropical exotic fruit from the laurel family, which is gaining popularity all over the world every day. It is valued for its taste and numerous beneficial properties.

It was especially liked by adherents of a healthy lifestyle, and athletes due to its ability to break down cholesterol in the blood. Let's learn how to care for avocados and use tips on growing a healthy, fruitful tree.

Contents:

  1. Avocado - a tropical tree and house plant
  2. Growing avocados
  3. How to grow avocados at home
  4. Do I need to prune
  5. What problems can you face
  6. The appearance of fruits
  7. What are the benefits of fruits

Avocado - a tropical tree and houseplant

Central America is considered the birthplace of this plant. It is not surprising that Americans who had the opportunity to often eat it noticed that avocado has an exciting effect on a person, i.e. is an aphrodisiac.

The tree itself can reach 15 meters in height, the trunk is straight with many side branches. The leaves are broad and the stems are quite flexible. Therefore, when growing in a pot, three plants are often planted at once, and then they are intertwined in the form of a braid or various beautiful compositions are formed.

Alligator pear, Perseus americana are other names for the plant.

Growing a tree and waiting for the fruits to appear is quite a difficult but interesting job for a grower, because it is a beautiful evergreen plant that is used to completely different climatic conditions. Therefore, before germinating the seed, you need to learn how to care for avocados at home.

Sprouting avocados

Be sure to take a very ripe fruit. It is quite easy to determine the ripeness: from both sides, press on the fruit with your palms, if it has restored its shape - feel free to take it, it will be ripe. You can take not fully ripe and put to ripen in a paper bag with apples, bananas or tomatoes.

Thanks to this trick, the fruit will ripen much faster.

There are two ways to germinate a bone.

Closed

The easiest way to perform: bury the seed with the wide side down to a shallow depth (about 2-3 cm) and, having provided favorable conditions for germination, wait for the sprout in a month.

Open

An unusual way for us to germinate a seed in water. We wash and clean the bone itself and make 3 holes on it in a circle in the center, into which we then insert toothpicks. They will act as a stand. We lower the wide part of the bone into the water and constantly make sure that it is under water, and the upper one, on the contrary, does not get wet.

Or you can use a hydrogel. This is more convenient, because you do not need to monitor the water level with this material.

We are waiting for the first sprout and roots 3-5 cm long, this is the most optimal size for transplanting into a pot. We take a small flower pot with holes in the bottom and light, not heavy soil. Before planting the seed, loosen the ground well. When planting, we take into account the fact that most of the bone should be above the ground.

How to grow avocados at home

Illumination

Being a light-loving plant, it does not like partial shade, but it also cannot stand the direct rays of the sun. The west side of an apartment or house is a great place to grow a fruit tree. How you care for an avocado in a pot is how the tree will bear fruit.

Heat

It is necessary to maintain the same warm comfortable temperature at all times. With any draft, a sharp temperature drop, the plant will shed its leaves and enter a state of "hibernation". 16-20 degrees is the optimal temperature.

Moisture

Very fond of moisture and humid climate. With central heating, and especially in winter, the problem of a dry room can be dealt with by constant spraying, but not of the leaves, but only of the air next to the plant, or by filling the pan with wet expanded clay.

Watering is carried out on average 3 times a month, as it dries, allowing it to stand with a dried top layer for a couple of days. Abundant watering, and there the plant does not like more stagnant water.

Top dressing

During the period from the beginning of autumn to spring, no additional fertilizers or top dressings are required for the plant. And in other months, it is possible to add fertilizer for citrus fruits once every 1-2 months.

Repotting

The plant stretches and grows very quickly, and therefore requires frequent repotting, at least once a year. Starting from 15 cm in height, the plant is transplanted into a larger pot. Avocado loves loose, light earth, with a neutral ph. The method of transplantation is transshipment, that is, the tree will be placed in a new container without violating the integrity of the earth coma at the roots.

Soil for transplanting can be bought in specialized stores, or you can make it yourself: mix coarse sand, humus and garden soil in equal proportions. Do not forget to put drainage at the bottom: pebbles, expanded clay or simple foam. In the summer, a tree can even be planted in the garden, some experts assure that fruiting will come much earlier this way.

Is pruning necessary?

Since the tree grows quickly, it is necessary to pinch it periodically, starting from the moment when the tree has at least 8 leaves. Initially, we do this only at the crown, so that side branches appear for a lush uniform crown, and then, as the branches grow, so do they.

Thin weak stems and branches are a sign of insufficient pinching, but the plant will not like excessive pinching, the tree may simply stop or slow down its growth. We prune the plant in early spring for fast and uniform growth.

Problems you may face

Growers often encounter diseases and pests while growing avocados. Powdery mildew is one of the most dangerous diseases.

You can get rid of the fungal disease by following the steps:

  • Replace the topsoil of the pot;
  • Placed in a more lighted place;
  • Water less often;
  • Remove affected leaves;
  • Carry out therapeutic spraying with special preparations.

Dangerous pests: scale insects and spider mites. They get rid of them with numerous folk methods and preparations from flower shops.

Most Common Growing Problems

Dry Leaves

Remedy by increasing room humidity and proper regular watering.

Leaf fall

Occurs due to drafts and temperature changes. Establishing an optimal constant temperature will correct this problem as well.

Pale leaves are caused by lack of light. We are looking for a lighter place for the plant and add lighting.

Emergence of fruits

Approximately 3 years later, green-yellow flowers appear on the tree, and the first fruits should be expected in approximately 3-4 years, so that they appear many experts advise grafting the plant in early spring, or planting several trees at once not far from each other friend for cross-pollination.

Avocados do not ripen to full ripeness, so they must be removed and placed in paper bags.

When growing avocados at home, it must be remembered that the leaves and seeds of this tree contain a rather dangerous fungicidal toxin "Persin". It is quite dangerous for humans. May cause gastrointestinal disturbances or allergic reactions.

Handle the plant with gloves and keep a close eye on children and pets. Now you know how to care for avocados by growing them at home. Why is this tropical fruit so useful?

What are the benefits of avocados?

After a lot of hard work and harvest from your homemade tropical tree, you can enjoy these wonder fruits and their many benefits: therefore it is allowed even for diabetics;

  • Purifies the blood of excess cholesterol and prevents the formation of new cholesterol plaques in the vessels;
  • A large amount of vitamin E copes with the invasion of various viruses, which is especially in autumn and winter;
  • Reduces blood pressure, and with regular use it even normalizes it;
  • Restores the work of the heart - a large amount of potassium will help to become resistant to stress;
  • Normalizes hematopoiesis, blood circulation;
  • Improves memory;
  • Reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease;
  • Increases performance;
  • Increases immunity thanks to the large amount of vitamin C;
  • Excellent source of protein;
  • Works as a good aphrodisiac, especially in men;
  • Helps to restore strength after strenuous exercise.

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