How to fertilize italian cypress trees


Garden Guides | Fertilizer for an Italian Cypress

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Italian cypress are ornamental conifers. They are evergreen and have a very narrow columned habit. The tree can reach 70 feet tall in a sunny, well-drained location. They are a slim pyramid shape with gray-green scale-type leaves that are more like needles when young. Italian Cypress originated in southern Europe and Asia, but are now extremely popular in many other areas. The trees need minimal care, but will need supplemental watering once or twice a month and can thrive with a seasonal application of a balanced fertilizer.

History

Italian cypress are commonly known as Mediterranean cypress, graveyard or funeral cypress. As the latter two names indicate, the trees grace cemeteries In Southern Europe. It is thought the Romans began cultivation of this tree as an ornamental and that the oil from the tree was a prized aromatic. The trees can tolerate almost any soil and need full sun to thrive. The branches sweep upward and the tree is generally a spire pointing at the sky. Italian cypress are not susceptible to many pests, but can get scale and mites during hot dry weather.

  • Italian cypress are ornamental conifers.
  • The trees need minimal care, but will need supplemental watering once or twice a month and can thrive with a seasonal application of a balanced fertilizer.

Fertilizing

New plants should be fertilized to give them help with root growth. Phosphorus promotes healthy roots and it is the second number in a fertilizer ratio. The ratio is NPK, which indicate nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium, all key minerals for plant growth. Apply fertilizer at the time of planting and water in well to prevent roots from burning. After the tree is established it is sufficient to fertilize every two to three years at the end of winter, just before growth begins again.

Organic fertilizers

As a substitute to purchased fertilizers, the tree will benefit from an organic fertilizer. Steer or chicken manure can be worked into the soil around the base of the tree. Take care not to pile the amended soil around the base of the trunk, as it stifles it and can contribute to rotting. Also, Earthworm humus or castings can be worked into soil. These are rich in nutrients and decompose rapidly to release their benefits into the soil. Compost tea is another way to fertilize. The tea can be added to the monthly watering so it gets soaked deep into the earth and roots of the trees.

  • New plants should be fertilized to give them help with root growth.
  • The tea can be added to the monthly watering so it gets soaked deep into the earth and roots of the trees.

Mulching

Organic gardeners know the value of mulching. Mulch will conserve moisture and add beneficial nutrients back into soil. Mulch also serves to keep down weeds and other plants under trees that might compete for nutrition and water. The mulch will break down and provide organic matter to the soil, enhancing soil texture, providing a home for beneficial bacteria, improving water filtration and promoting root growth. Mulches are a natural alternative to fertilizers. Mulches can be grass clippings, straw, bark chips or other compostable organic material.

Warning

The worst thing to do to an Italian cypress is overwater it. Naturally, young unestablished trees need extra water until their root systems spread out and take hold. However, the Italian cypress comes from an area where there is only about 20 inches of rain per year. Any more than that and foliage may turn brown or rusty and the plant will begin to die. To prevent this you should amend the soil before planting to increase drainage with sand or another textured addition. Preventative care is always the best strategy on any plant.

  • Organic gardeners know the value of mulching.
  • Mulch also serves to keep down weeds and other plants under trees that might compete for nutrition and water.

Best Fertilizer for Italian Cypress (No More Growth Problems)

The Italian cypress is not only good-looking but when planted properly, they grow fast and require little maintenance.  

This Italian cypress has various benefits like antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, insecticidal, antioxidant, wound healing, and many more.

They need little water, can grow in most soils and can withstand high temperatures. Drought tolerance is a feature of Italian Cypress trees. They are also used for fencing and decorative purposes.

Therefore, there is a high demand for this tree around the world. And to nourish these beauties you will need fertilizers. So we brought you the best fertilizer for Italian cypress. But, we didn’t just go randomly in the market and get you some fertilizers. 

Table could not be displayed.

In fact, we had to sacrifice a lot of resources and time behind the testing period. Finally, we trimmed everything and chose 5! 

Each and every fertilizer is unique and is of very good quality. The fast-growing tree needs fast and effective fertilizer. So we have listed the best fertilizers for your cypress trees.

Let’s move on to the article-

Contents

  • 1 1. Miracle-Gro Plant Food
    • 1.1 At A Glance
  • 2 2. Miracle-Gro Tree and Shrub Plant Food Spikes
    • 2.1 At A Glance
  • 3 3. Jobe’s 02610 Fertilizer Spikes
    • 3.1 At A Glance
  • 4 4. BioAdvance 701910A Fertilizer
    • 4.1 At A Glance
  • 5 5. Southern Ag Granular Fertilizer
    • 5.1 At A Glance
  • 6 What Do the Fertilizer Analysis Numbers Mean?
  • 7 Importance Of Italian Cypress Fertilization
  • 8 Frequently Asked Questions
    • 8.1 Question: Is it necessary to feed Italian cypress trees?
    • 8.2 Question: What exactly is 10-10-10 fertilizer? 
    • 8.3 Question: What is the best way to fertilize a cypress tree?
    • 8.4 Question: How should a cypress plant be cared for?
  • 9 Conclusion

1. Miracle-Gro Plant Food

At A Glance

  • Feed every 1-2 weeks
  • Available Sizes: 8 oz. , 1.5 lbs., 3 lbs., 5 lbs. & 10 lbs.
  • Item Weight: 10 pounds
  • Fertilizer Analysis: 24-8-16

The first product on the list is Miracle-Gro Plant Food. The reason it is the best product is because of its quality. Here, it’s made of premium quality plant food materials that will enhance the growth and beautification of your Italian cypress. 

The unique thing is this product is a water-soluble all-purpose food for your plant. It’s an instant feed fertilizer that will make your Italian cypress more healthy and beautiful. We found out that the product gave faster results too. 

In the first place, the Miracle-gro plant food is full of vital nutrients. Here, these nutrients will make your cypress grow bigger and look amazing. 

Even on a regular basis, essential nutrients can be supplied consistently to each and every plant. There is a wide range of nutritional grades available in miracle-gro plant food. 

Here, the water-soluble fertilizer decreases salt accumulation in the soil as it is applied to crop requirements.

You should use this on your plant every 1-2 weeks. This is very safe and guarantees that it won’t burn the plant when you use it directly on it. 

For every gallon of water, combine 1 tablespoon Miracle-Gro. Now fill the watering can and mix the plant food appropriately. Then try to soak the plants’ bases for optimum results. 

As a matter of fact, you can also use this fertilizer for vegetables, flowers, houseplants, and shrubs. So, it is not only going to work on your Italian cypress but also plenty of plants. 

Besides this, the coverage area of the plant food is approximately 600 sq. ft for 1.5lbs feed. This is with the miracle-gro garden feeder. 

Furthermore, there are plenty of benefits if you use this product. This will make more gorgeous blossoms and make plants larger.

And for plentiful vegetables, this product will do its miracle. For quick results, you can immediately start using this. 

These cypress trees have an extremely upright columnar growth pattern. Anyone who has grown Italian cypress knows that in the appropriate conditions, these trees may grow up to 3 feet per year.

So in order to fulfill its growing requirements, it will need the nutrients. And the miracle-gro plant food will ensure your Italian cypress gets all the nutrition. 

2. Miracle-Gro Tree and Shrub Plant Food Spikes

At A Glance

  • Item Weight: 3.77 pounds
  • It encourages lush foliage and vibrant color
  • Applying time: Spring and Fall 

The second product on our list is also from Miracle-Gro. This one is Miracle-Gro Tree & Shrub Plant Food Spikes. The previous product was water-soluble and this one is spike fertilizer.

This one focuses on the lush foliage and vibrant color of your plant.

The most unique part of this fertilizer is that it is a spike fertilizer. Spike fertilizers ensure that your plant gets the necessary nutrients for a long time. As a result, your Italian cypress will slowly get the nutrients it needs.  

The fertilizer will target the bright color of your Italian Cypress leaves. It will help in the growth of the lush foliage of the plant. It contains various types of natural ingredients to promote good health for your plant. 

Many people don’t have enough time for fertilizing or taking care of our trees or shrubs in the garden. So, this can be a great option for them. Because this fertilizer can be used once a season, in the Fall and Spring. 

Spikes work by gradually releasing nutrients back into the soil. These natural and organic solutions only add significant nutrients to the soil. 

What causes the release? Well, Fungal and bacterial activities cause the release of nutrients from the spikes to the soil.

This activity provides various benefits such as greater resilience to disease and pests. Other than that, the fertilizer will also work fine on acid-loving and evergreen plants. 

Moreover, to get all these benefits for your plant apply the product once per season in fall and spring. These spikes are very easy to use. You don’t have to be a professional gardener to use them.

Let me tell you a bit about the installation. At first, go ahead you need to select the drip line of the Italian cypress. After that, place the spike on the drip line. 

Look for a cap because there is supposed to be a plastic cap on the spike. Once you find it, set the enclosed plastic cap on top of the spike.

Also, wet the ground before driving spikes if the soil is dry. At last, you will need a hammer. 

Now, use the hammer to slowly push the spikes into the ground. And after the spike is into the ground remove the plastic cap. Then start placing them into the ground in a circular way exactly below the drip line. 

Next, you’ll need to insert the spikes 2 feet away from the core of small trees and shrubs with drip lines closer than 2 feet. Remember that the spikes should be spaced at least three feet apart.

These effective spikes deliver nutrients directly to the roots, where the cypress wants it the most.  

3. Jobe’s 02610 Fertilizer Spikes

At A Glance

  • Item Weight:0.6 Pounds
  • Item Form: Granules
  • Liquid Volume: 1

The third product on the list is Jobe’s 02610 Fertilizer Spikes. It is also a spike fertilizer just like its previous predecessor. But it has its own unique feature. 

Jobe’s Spikes for Shrubs, evergreens, and Trees, are the first organic fertilizer in the form of a convenient spike. These organic fertilizer spikes are specially made for trees and shrubs. 

They assist in the creation of a nourishing environment that encourages good microbial action at the roots. Where the Italian cypress requires it the most. 

Moreover, this “in-ground” feeding is the most efficient organic delivery mechanism. The spikes improve soil quality in the long run by encouraging beneficial microbial growth. 

Hence, the pre-measured spikes make fertilization quick, uncomplicated, and mess-free.  

The best time to apply is in early spring and late fall for optimum performance. As we have mentioned in the last fertilizer, spikes are for long-term benefits.

These spikes will help the Italian cypress to grow at the perfect rate. Here’s the difference!

As a matter of fact, this fertilizer will continue to supply below the surface and target active roots. So, it will be easier for the cypress to reach the nutrients faster and for a long time. 

Jobe’s tree spikes are easier to install around the dripline of each tree. And the slow-release formula of the spikes will feed the cypress throughout the seasons.

The process of inserting the spikes of Jobe’s 02610 fertilizer is the same as the second product. 

It’s kinda similar to the last product, though! To begin, locate the drip line of the cypress. Then, insert the spike into the drip line.

The spike should be protected with a plastic cover. Place the provided plastic cap atop the spike. If the soil is dry, water it before driving spikes.  

Finally, get that hammer and strike as hard as possible. No, we’re joking here, you gotta be a bit gentle. Slowly drive the spikes into the ground using the hammer. 

Similar to the previous product, you’ll need to insert the spike in the soil. Then, go ahead and remove the cap.

Follow the same circular pattern and just insert all the spikes in the ground. Remember to keep everything below the drip line. 

Most importantly this product is very safe to use. There will be no mess, no risks, no wasted runoff, or smells, just a beautiful, safe yard. These spikes are primarily designed for all plants and deciduous trees.

4. BioAdvance 701910A Fertilizer

At A Glance

  • Product Dimensions: 8 x 5.61 x 13.5 inches
  • Item Weight: 9.33 pounds
  • Kills 40+ listed insects  

The BioAdvance insecticide and fertilizer come in fourth place on our list. Utilizing this fertilizer is quicker, and it will be incredibly effective in protecting your Italian Cypress. Let’s see what’s there to focus on-

The most interesting aspect of this fertilizer is that it not only fertilizes but also protects your tree from dangerous insects. And the duration is for 12 months or nearly a year. This product has an active ingredient that is 1.1% of imidacloprid. 

If you dislike using pesticides, this fertilizer will prove useful. This fertilizer is not like its previous predecessors, it will kill insects while feeding nutrients to your Italian Cypress. So, you don’t have to use pesticides if you use this fertilizer.

Thus, this fertilizer has a competitive advantage compared to previous fertilizers. Moreover, it will protect your tree from over 40 harmful insects. It will also help to prevent future pest outbreaks. 

This is important as the pest outbreak can halt the growth process of the Italian Cypress. Fortunately, that won’t be a problem since this fertilizer can prevent that. 

Furthermore, the fertilizer is appropriate not only for outdoor plants but also for container trees and shrubs. The fertilizer will go from the root to the stem and then to every leaf to provide nutrients.

If you’re thinking about the time frame then this fertilizer can keep your tree safe for a year. You don’t have to use this fertilizer in the spring and summer if you apply it once in the fall. As it supplies for the whole year it won’t be a problem if you are a busy person. 

On the other hand, the BioAdvance fertilizer will have a slow-release style. Slow-release fertilizer is essentially encased in a covering. This covering degrades when exposed to sunshine, water, or soil microorganisms.

Besides this, the overall benefit of the Slow-release fertilizer is that it won’t overdose your plants. As a result, it will receive nutrition gradually and effectively for an extended period of time. 

Let’s learn about how to use this fertilizer. To use, dig a trench around your cypress trees and fill it with the granules as indicated. The granules must be evenly distributed across the tree accurately.

The Italian cypress is a single-trunk tree. And, ¼ cup of granules must be applied for every 1 inch of trunk circumference. 

5. Southern Ag Granular Fertilizer

At A Glance

  • Item Weight: 5.21 pounds
  • Size: 5 LB
  • Application: Evenly over an area

The last product on our list is the “Southern Ag All Purpose Granular Fertilizer”. This product might be last but it also has unique features. This fertilizer is one of the most balanced fertilizers in the market.

The Granular formulation with uniformity and homogeneity Contains 10% Nitrogen, 10% Phosphorus, 10% Potassium, and other minor elements. Every element is balanced in this fertilizer. 

Now you can use this fertilizer on multiple plants. There are the specific amounts you need to use for a specific plant. Balance fertilizers work great on plants. It will supply every nutrient equally to your cypress trees.

Another great thing about the “Southern Ag All Purpose Granular Fertilizer” will boost the growth of trees and plants. It will promote their growth by making them fuller, taller, and healthier. 

Here, the fertilizer aids in the incorporation of necessary nutrients into the soil. Therefore, it also promotes photosynthesis.

For the Italian Cypress use ½ cup of granules for one inch of trunk. And remember not to use more than 5 cups per tree. Anything more than necessary can be poisonous. So it’s better not to use it more than the tree needs. 

Now comes the distribution part. You have to distribute equally over the area. Water the granular fertilizer immediately after application to activate it. 

Furthermore, you can also use a granular fertilizer spreader to spread the fertilizer. 

What Do the Fertilizer Analysis Numbers Mean?

The numbers on a fertilizer package will undoubtedly help you pick which sort is ideal for your plants. The three numbers in the fertilizer for example 11-3-4.  It represents the percentages of the nutrients. 

In this case, nitrogen is 11, phosphorus is 3, and potassium is 4 in the plant fertilizer formula. Hence they are important for your Italian Cypress. Every nutrient has a purpose. Each one of them has a job to do for your plant’s betterment. 

In other words, Nitrogen is a necessary ingredient for the production of proteins, amino acids, nucleic acids, and other compounds of your plants. 

And Phosphorus is the second most important nutrient for plant health (P). This nutrient is associated with a plant’s ability to store and utilize energy. If you want a strong and healthy tree that grows appropriately, the P is essential.

Potassium is the third essential nutrient (K). This helps plants resist illness, increase agricultural yields, and enhance crop quality overall. They also have the potential to empower the root system, help protect from harsh weather, and prevent wilts.

Importance Of Italian Cypress Fertilization

The Italian cypress is a large evergreen tree that can grow to be 40 to 60 feet tall. Regardless of how tall it grows, the tree never grows wider than 3 feet.  

As well as the dark green, scale-like leaves of the Italian cypress tree make it easy to identify. This tree is recognized for having a long life and can live for 1,000 years. So if you plant it for once your next generations will benefit from it. 

Moreover, Italian cypress trees are prone to cypress canker. It is a fungus-caused disease. If you have an Italian Cypress tree in your possession, you should consider fertilizing the soil surrounding it once a year.

In simple words, trees take nutrients from the soil. So it is very necessary that the soil beneath the tree has enough nutrients. Only then the tree will grow.

We all know trees are sturdy, but that doesn’t mean they can’t be shaken by outside forces. By outside force, we mean from disease to natural calamities. 

Fertilization provides crucial nutrients to trees, promotes growth, and makes a significant contribution to a tree’s general health and vitality.

Now when to apply fertilization to your cypress. Now, it depends on the fertilizer and also on the Italian cypress.

But generally, it is between April and mid-July you should apply fertilizer. Pick a sunny day with a little breeze. Gather or rake fallen branches from the Italian cypress tree. This will help the fertilizer to set properly.

Apply any fertilizer to the Italian cypress from the above list. Any of the above fertilizers will do the job effectively and soon you will see results. 

Spread the fertilizer uniformly all around the tree’s base or instructed in the package. Additionally, all safety procedures indicated on the fertilizer’s package label must be followed.

Rake the area once more to incorporate the fertilizer into the soil. Water the fertilizer in until it is 6 to 8 inches deep in the soil. As you have seen earlier it doesn’t need much maintenance but water is very essential. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Question: Is it necessary to feed Italian cypress trees?

Answer: Italian cypress is a type of decorative conifer. The trees require little attention, although they do require additional watering once or twice a month and can flourish with a seasonal supply of a balanced fertilizer.

Question: What exactly is 10-10-10 fertilizer? 

Answer: This is a synthetic fertilizer that can be used for a variety of purposes. It is made up of equal amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium, abbreviated as NPK. This fertilizer is especially beneficial to grass, leafy green crops, established perennials, and trees because they require a lot of nitrogen.

Question: What is the best way to fertilize a cypress tree?

Answer: Once established, cypress trees in a well-fertilized lawn rarely require further fertilizer. However, feed the tree once or twice a year in the fall with a balanced fertilizer or a thin layer of compost. Apply a pound (454 g.) of balanced fertilizer for every inch of growing space (2.5 cm.)

Question: How should a cypress plant be cared for?

Answer: Check the soil moisture on a regular basis and ensure it is moist but not saturated. The soil must not be allowed to totally dry out. Mulch can benefit the plant in retaining moisture. Misting cypresses once a month with a seaweed fertilizer is another way to take care of your cypress. 

Conclusion

We have reached the end of our voyage. By now you should know which fertilizer you should buy and which one is the best option for you.

These are the best fertilizer for italian cypress you can find. Pick the right one and apply it to see the result by yourself. 

Good luck!

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species, planting and care of coniferous plants

Content:

  • Species and varieties
  • How to plant Cypress
  • How to care for Cypress
  • How to transplant Cypress
  • Cypress Diseases

A huge variety of cypress species allows you to enjoy a wide range of possible variations of this plant. Everyone can choose and plant the species and variety that he most likes. Mexican cypress, Nutkan or Kashmir cypress and others, each species differs from each other in appearance and requires a different approach to care and cultivation. In order for the plant to be lush, healthy and conquer with its natural beauty, it is important to follow the simple rules of planting and care. You can grow cypresses at home and on the street, in almost any area. Although the plant is considered southern, it tolerates frosts down to -20 ° C.

A frost-resistant plant native to East Asia and North America, that is, cypress loves the subtropics, its closest home to us is Crimea. In Europe, cypresses can often be found in the wild. The cultivation of this coniferous plant was carried out in ancient times, but they began to actively engage in this since 1778.

Species and varieties

Cypress is an evergreen shrub and tree of the Cypress family. This coniferous tree has a decorative dense crown, in the classic version it resembles a column. The height of some cypresses reached 35 meters, this is for individual centenarians who have been growing for several hundred years. Usually, in the wild, trees can reach 10 meters in height. This plant is valued not only for its height, different types of shrubs make the site special, decorating it in a concise way. The trunk of a tree can be smooth, especially while the plant is not many years old, but over time it acquires a furrowed texture, such as cypresses usually in the garden. Cypress shoots are covered with small leaves (scales), small round cones grow on them in autumn.

The plant is actively used in landscape design, as its crown is very easy to shape. Cypresses emit a special breathtaking coniferous aroma. Cypress alleys are the dream of many gardeners, but surprising and magnificent in their beauty is the miniature version - indoor cypress, which is easy and simple to grow.

Next, we will analyze in detail what cypress is and what kind of care it needs.

Arizona cypress

One of the varieties of cypress, Cupressus arizonica, is most commonly found in America. In the wild, it grows on high mountain slopes, and today in gardens and parks. Arizona cypress includes several popular varieties, both tall and short. They are distinguished by a long period of life (up to 500 years) and a blue tint of needles. Its wood is also slightly different, more solid and weighs little.

Cypress evergreen

Or common. A horizontal variety found in the mountains and islands of Asia Minor. Outwardly, it resembles a pyramid, like the Italian cypress. It has a narrow cone-shaped crown. Such a tree can reach 30 meters in height.

Small scales form dense greenery. This species grows extremely fast. May be found in exotic red. Grows easily in partial shade and withstands cold winters down to -20°C. It is unpretentious to the soil, the main thing is the absence of strong humidity. Only a few species of this plant, such as swamp cypress (Taxodium two-row) can grow in constant humidity, its wood is very resistant to rot and is used in the furniture industry.

The evergreen cypress is long-lived and easy to cut for decorative purposes. It looks beautiful in groups with the same coniferous representatives.

Leyland cypress

Evergreen, sometimes green, sometimes bright yellow, Leyland cypress is resistant to direct sunlight and is often used for hedges. Easy to grow. The crown is cone-shaped, rather narrow or columnar, dense. The height can reach 20, sometimes 30 meters. It grows very quickly at the beginning, in a year it can grow by a meter. You can also easily tolerate shady places and primitive soil, acidic or alkaline.

Lavson cypress

Quite a large representative of cypress, in its homeland it can reach 60 meters! The usual height is 30 meters. The narrow crown expands towards the bottom. Sometimes has a dusty blue tint. The bark is thick, cracking into rounded plates with a red-brown tint. Moderately demanding. Lawson's cypress also has artisanal species that look good in home gardens.

Indoor cypress

Ornamental cypress, which can be grown at home in pots, is smaller than all the previous ones, but the shape of the crown, soft stems, scaly foliage - all this is a typical cypress. It can be both green and blue, and also forms cones with thyroid scales.

Indoor cypress needs more careful care because the conditions need to be adjusted a little to natural conditions. The culture needs a lot of diffused light, without direct sunlight, especially if it is a young plant. Withstands winter temperatures up to +5°C. Requires systematic watering in summer, in winter it is enough to water it once a week. Not picky about humidity.

How to plant Cypress

Cypress is propagated by seeds that are in mature cones, seedlings and cuttings. The most convenient and reliable way to grow cypress in your garden or at home is to purchase a quality seedling from a nursery.

It is better to plant a southern plant in spring and away from the roadway with different lighting: sunlight must always alternate with shade. When planting several cypress trees in open ground, keep a larger distance between them so that they do not obscure each other in the future. For the plant to grow well, fertilize the soil with coniferous humus or use the substrate in the following proportions: peat, soddy soil, sand in one part and leafy soil in two parts. Take a cypress seedling along with a clod of earth on the roots so as not to damage the root system and plant it in a hole twice the size of this earthen clod. Watch the neck of the rhizome, do not deepen it too much. After filling with soil and lightly tamp. It is better to dig in a support in advance and tie a young cypress trunk to it.

If you are wondering how to propagate cypress, there are two ways: cuttings or seeds. The apical cuttings of cypress, like other conifers, are easy to plant in the soil for conifers, lowering them to ⅓ of their height, removing the lower leaves from the cuttings. Before that, they need to be placed in a solution of some kind of growth stimulant for a day. After planting, the cuttings need to be watered and covered with a lid, bag or jar, letting them breathe 2-3 times a week for an hour and a half. It usually takes several months to root, after which the plant is ready for open ground.

Seeds must be stratified before germinating, keeping them in the refrigerator for up to four months. After the seeds, before sowing themselves, they are soaked in warm water with a growth stimulator for the whole day. After planted in wide containers with soil for conifers. At the bottom it is better to put crushed bark for drainage.

How to care for Cypress

All popular varieties of plants on the market do not tolerate waterlogging of the soil. Keep an eye on the looseness of the soil. Despite the undemanding nature of the plant, in order to grow a strong cypress, care must be clear and regular. It includes systematic watering with spraying (in summer it is about once a week), top dressing, pruning and disease prevention.

Neither the bush nor the tree needs frequent feeding, only at first: about three times a month. Use a mixture of superphosphate with mullein. Apply liquid mineral fertilizers in spring and summer. The number of dressings can be safely reduced when the shrub is 4 years old.

In winter, it is better to cover a bush or a tree with spruce branches, peat and cover it periodically with snow. Those plants that have a natural crown shape are better able to tolerate winter. In the spring, the shrub should be cut, bad, dried shoots removed, and a crown can be formed if at least a year has passed since planting or the last transplant. At a time, you can remove no more than a third of the hardwood mass.

How to transplant Cypress

After buying a cypress seedling, it is better to leave it alone for a week so that the plant acclimatizes. Indoor cypress is transplanted very carefully because the roots of the plant are extremely sensitive and contain important fungi (mycorrhiza) that need to be preserved. Transplantation takes place by transshipment, that is, the old earthen lump is preserved. It will be easier to get a lump if you place the pot in which the bush is located in warm water. The new soil should be light and loose for conifers.

The pot must not be bulky: no more than 5 cm larger than the earthen clod, with drainage holes. Use drainage from expanded clay or stones with charcoal.

After transplanting, water the plant with settled water at room temperature, and remove excess liquid from the pan.

If it is necessary to transplant a cypress tree, it is better to do it in the spring. The process does not differ from the first landing in open ground. The hole is well moistened, and after transplantation, fertilizing and watering are carried out.

Diseases of Cypresses

The cypress crown is most often endangered. Constant fluctuations in temperature have a bad effect on the needles - it turns yellow and falls off. This also happens due to lack of moisture in dry heat. These conditions are favorable for the reproduction of pests: scale insects or spider mites, which are easy to see between the leaves. A scale insect manifests itself in the form of brown spots on the stems and shoots.

Among cypress diseases there are:

  • Fusarium. When the shoots turn yellow and the bark changes color, the roots rot and the plant deteriorates. Usually it does not appear suddenly, but is already introduced into the soil or into a seedling. Prevention is the processing of the plant after purchase and the soil with tools before planting. The disease cannot be treated, except that part of a healthy plant can be cut off by rooting a cutting.
  • Schutte - a fairly common disease, manifested by darkened shoots, the plaque resembles a cobweb. For treatment, you can use special preparations and Bordeaux mixture.
  • Fungal diseases affect the branches, they dry out, so it is very important to remove damaged shoots in time and loosen the soil, immediately get rid of fallen leaves. Also suitable for treatment is Bordeaux liquid, which cultivates the soil.

For an ancient plant to grow well, not much knowledge and attention is needed. Having completed all the steps correctly, you will enjoy a cone-shaped plant with a chic coniferous crown and a wonderful aroma for a long time to come.

Read also Chubushnik - cultivation rules.

Published: 07/01/2021

Tags: cypress swamp cypress planting cypress

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description of the genus, how to grow a coniferous plant, species

Cypress (Cupressus) is the name of an evergreen tree or shrub from the Cypress family. According to ancient Greek mythology, Cypress was the name of a beautiful young man whom Apollo turned into a tree in order to save him from mental suffering caused by longing for a lost beloved animal. Despite the sadness that the legend carries, in our time this coniferous plant is very popular with gardeners. We will share with you how to grow Cypress and describe popular varieties.

  • 3 Growing coniferous plant Cypress
    • 3.1 Light
    • 3.2 Soil
    • 3.3 Temperature
  • 4 How to care for Cypress
  • 5 PREASION OF CYPAARIS
  • 6 Problems in the Care of Cypress
  • Description of the coniferous plant Cypress

    The culture is widespread in the Mediterranean, North America, Asia and Europe, in regions with a temperate climate. There are about 25 varieties of plants, less than ten species are grown in garden conditions.

    These are evergreen trees or large shrubs reaching 5–40 m in height. Their crown is pyramidal or sprawling, in rare cases the branches are located in the same horizontal direction. The branches are round or quadrangular, in most species they are crossed. The needles are scaly, 2-6 mm long, located in oppositely crossed pairs, last from three to five years. In young plants up to two years old, the leaves are needle-shaped, 5–15 mm long. Adult leaves are pressed to the free areas of long-stemmed leaves up to 4 mm.

    Cypress seed cones

    Seed cones mature after 2 years, open at maturity to release seeds.

    The most popular species of Cypress

    Let's briefly describe the most popular varieties of coniferous crops.

    Arizona cypress (Cupressus arizonica)

    The United States is considered its homeland. Widespread in the Crimea, Transcarpathia. An adult tree reaches 21 m in height, growth rates are relatively high. Young trees are characterized by a gray bark, with time they change color, becoming red-brown. The color of the needles is bluish-green. Cones are large in size, with thick spiky scales.

    Italian cypress (Cupressus sempervirens)

    This species is distributed throughout the Mediterranean. In height, an adult plant reaches no more than 7 m. It is distinguished by a lush crown and a bare trunk.

    Cashmere cypress (Cupressus cashmeriana)

    Grows in North India, Himalayas. It develops quite intensively. An adult plant reaches 45 m in height with a trunk diameter of more than half a meter. The narrow pyramidal appearance of the crown with long young branches lowered gives the tree sophistication. The color of the needles is gray-green.

    Weeping cypress (Cupressus funebris)

    This species is ubiquitous in China. It got its name because of the drooping branches that cascade down to the ground. Grows up to 18 m tall. The needles are light green. Cones are small, pointed.

    Large-fruited cypress (Cupressus macrocarpa)

    The second name Monterey cypress is an evergreen columnar plant growing up to 25 m. With age, the branches bend, forming a spreading crown. Emits a characteristic lemon scent. The birthplace of this culture is California. Large-fruited cypress is thermophilic, prefers a mild seaside climate. In our latitudes, the best option for planting is in pots, provided that the plants are transferred to a warm room in winter. Great for creating bonsai.

    Medicinal characteristics of Cypress

    The needles of most of the species contain essential oils, due to which a delicate coniferous aroma envelops the nearby space. Cypress is not only aesthetically beautiful, but also beneficial to human health. Doctors advise people with problems of the respiratory tract, the nervous system to be in cypress groves more often, inhale their aroma. Essential oils of this plant are used in aromatherapy and cosmetology.

    Cypress coniferous plant cultivation

    Each variety of crop is adapted to different climatic conditions, which imposes certain obligations when growing it in the garden. If you want to plant such a tree on your site, you should familiarize yourself with its requirements for climatic conditions, soil, lighting care, etc.

    Lighting

    The common characteristic of most Cypress species is the love of sunlight. It needs full sun to thrive in the right conditions. Most experts agree that this tree will thrive if you keep it in full sun for at least 6 hours a day.

    Soil

    Cypress requires breathable, well-drained soil. An extensive root system requires a large space for intensive development. You can easily grow it in sandy, loamy and chalky soils. Some species can be grown on both alkaline and slightly acidic soils. They thrive when the soil is slightly sandy, acidic and full of nutrients.

    You can grow Cypress in soil containing sand, compost, pumice and perlite. If you want to speed up the growth of your plant in the early days of planting, you can also mix fertilizer into the planting soil.

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    Temperature

    Some varieties are frost-resistant, which is suitable for the conditions of our climatic zone. But still, it is worth remembering that this is a thermophilic plant growing in a milder climate and this should be considered before you are going to plant it.

    How to care for Cypress

    Soil selection is made individually, depending on the type of tree. In the warm season, Cypress needs abundant systemic watering; the soil should not be allowed to dry out. Young trees after transplantation need to be tied up and sheltered for the winter. This is done in order to protect against excessive loading of the trunk and good, fast rooting.

    Cypress Propagation

    There are two main methods for propagating the coniferous plant. Let's briefly describe them.


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