How to fertilize key lime tree


Planting and Caring for Key Lime Trees

Limes are for everyone! Growing your own citrus trees is more accessible than you may think. Follow this care guide for planting and caring for Key Lime trees so you can enjoy years of beauty, flavor, and a little zing!

Key Lime Tree 101

The Key lime tree (also sometimes known as Mexican Key lime or West Indian lime) is an evergreen fruit tree that can grow between 6-13 feet high. It has beautiful fragrant flowers, deep green leaves, and of course, small green-yellow limes that grow to golf-ball size. We love their juicy, zesty fruit in our favorite pies and wedged on the side of a margarita glass. Key lime trees grow best (and quite rapidly) when planted in the ground, but if you’re short on space, they can thrive in pots and containers as well.

Preparing to Grow Key Lime Trees

As with any planting, make sure you have garden tools and supplies on-hand like a trowel, shovel, mulch, soil, and gloves. If you’re opting to plant in a container, you should select a dwarf version of the Key lime tree: it will be happier and thrive in a pot as opposed to a full-sized Key lime tree. A healthy young Key lime specimen should have strong, flexible branching, and plenty of brilliant green foliage.

How to Plant Key Lime Trees

Once you have selected your perfect Key lime tree, you should find a spot to plant it that gets ample sunlight (at least 10 hours per day) and allows for a 4-foot radius around the trunk.

1. Ensure the soil is well-draining, and test the pH level. Key lime does best with a soil pH of 6.1–7.8.

2. Add about 4-5 inches of compost, and mix it into the soil.

3. Level off the soil and leave it for one full week before planting. When it’s ready to plant, it should go into a hole twice the size of its root ball and equally deep.

4. Leave about a ¼-½ inch of the root ball above the soil.

5. Add soil to the hole around the tree, ensuring you pat down the soil to get rid of any air pockets.

6. Add a few inches of mulch on top of the soil to help regulate the plant’s moisture and prevent weeds.

If you’re opting to plant in a container, make sure there is ample room for the tree to grow, and remember that different container materials hold moisture differently. Wood and clay dry out faster than plastic or metal.

How to Care for Key Lime Trees

Key lime trees need deep, weekly watering. Take your time watering them so the water can reach deep to the roots. You may need to water a little more frequently during hot and dry seasons, but water during cooler parts of the day to avoid scalding your tree. Fertilize your Key lime tree with high-nitrogen and slow-release fertilizer. Make sure the fertilizer also contains iron, manganese, and zinc. If you see yellowing on the leaves of your Key lime tree, it could be a sign it needs more care: try getting better drainage or adding more fertilizer. 

Container-grown lime trees should be pruned regularly, so it doesn’t outgrow its pot or choke itself out. Care for your Lime tree by keeping it pruned to a manageable shape and height. Pruning will also increase fruit production.

Enjoying the Fruits of your Labor

About six to nine months after your tree matures, you will be able to start harvesting fresh limes. It’s usually best to pluck key limes while they are still green. They will ripen to a yellow shade. An all-natural Key lime pie is actually yellow in color instead of green. You can get creative with how you use the harvest from your Key lime tree: make limeade, squeeze them into your water or other beverage, or add them to a simmer pot to get your house smelling divine. 


If you’re looking for ideas for planting and caring for Key Lime Trees in Fort Lauderdale, come visit us. We’re here to help you grow the citrus trees of your dreams.

Sharing is caring!

43 shares

  • Share
  • Tweet

The Full Guide to Lime Tree Fertilizer and the Top 3 Brands – Couch to Homestead

My parents have a lime tree and although they have plenty of options for fertilizer from their local nursery, they weren’t sure which one to buy. After all, with dozens of products on a shelf competing for your attention, it’s hard to decide which one is best for your lime tree. So, to help them out, I did some research and testing on some of the best lime tree fertilizers out there. Here’s what I found.

The best fertilizer for a lime tree is one with an NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium) ratio of 2:1:1, such as 6-3-3. For best results, fertilizers should also be organic, slow-release, and come from a reputable brand. A quality fertilizer means more nutrient uptake to your lime tree, which means more fruits.

So, while we know the basics about lime tree fertilizer, what are the top 3 brands, what should be in quality fertilizer, and how do we apply it? Let’s break this all down.

Need help gardening or homesteading? Join me and 14,000 others in Abundance Plus and get masterclasses, community, discounts, and more. Get 7 days free and 10% off with the code: TYLER10

What Should Be in Lime Tree Fertilizer?

The ideal lime tree fertilizer should include a high nitrogen percentage. Other nutrients important to fruit development include magnesium, copper, zinc, and boron. While these secondary nutrients are included in most fertilizer mixes, each brand has a different primary nutrient mix or (NPK) you can choose from.

To help make shopping for lime tree fertilizer easier, stick to these key indicators:

  • 2:1:1 NPK (twice the nitrogen to phosphorus and potassium)
  • Organic
  • Slow-release
  • Quality ingredients

All of the above factors are important in lime tree fertilizers because they will lead to the maximum amount of nutrient uptake. After all, who wants to take the time and money fertilizing a tree to simply have most of it washed away and not used?

NPK

NPK refers to the main three nutrients for plants—nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Each of these three ingredients assists plants with vital functions.

Nitrogen benefits overall growth such as foliage, phosphorus assists in root and blossom development, and potassium helps with hardiness and water retention.

All fertilizers will have an NPK analysis listed on the package which tells you a lot about which plants the fertilizers are designed for.

In the case of lime trees, the appropriate NPK is a 2:1:1 ratio or twice the nitrogen to phosphorus and potassium. For example, a 6-3-3 fertilizer contains 6% nitrogen, 3% phosphorus, and 3% potassium.

Along with NPK, the soil’s pH is just as important.

Lime trees prefer a slightly acidic soil that’s between a pH of 6.0-7.0.

pH is an often overlooked component of soil as it sounds technical, but it’s a vital part of the formula. Without the proper pH, a lime tree will be unable to absorb nutrients and the tree will start to die.

To ensure your lime tree’s roots can absorb the nutrients properly, consider the changes in pH when fertilizing or amending the soil.

If you’d like an easy way to monitor the pH of your soil, consider getting a pH meter. You can check out my recommended tools page to see the pH meter I recommend.

Organic, Slow-Release, and Quality Ingredients

Organic

Organic is fairly standard in quality fertilizers as they don’t contain synthetic materials such as plastics or harmful pesticides or herbicides that can damage animals and plants.

Slow-Release

Slow-release is also important as the nutrients in fertilizer are meant to last in the soil and feed the tree for several months. On the other hand, fast-release can give off too many nutrients too fast. The potency can chemically burn the tree’s roots and sometimes kill the tree.

Quality Ingredients

Quality Ingredients are also fairly self-explanatory as the fresher the fertilizer, the better it’s able to break down in the soil and be used by the tree’s roots and the soil’s microbes. Think of a tree’s nutrient uptake as similar to our own—our digestive system (and microbiome) prefers fresher food since it’s more easily digested and provides a larger amount of useable nutrients.

Now that we’re familiar with what to look for in lime tree fertilizer, let’s take a look at the top three products that have all (or most) of these qualities.

The Top 3 Lime Tree Fertilizers

1. Down to Earth Organic Citrus Mix

Down to Earth is my first choice when it comes to lime tree fertilizer for several reasons:

  • Reputable brand
  • Better NPK
  • Compostable package

Started in Oregon in the late 70s, Down to Earth is the result of American gardeners demanding more organic options to offset the countless synthetic fertilizers filling the shelves. They quickly became a part of the booming organic movement in the 80s.

Down to Earth’s Citrus Mix has an NPK of 6-3-3, which is exactly what we want for most citrus trees. This NPK benefits overall growth, especially for younger citrus trees. More mature citrus trees can also use a bit more phosphorus and magnesium to aid in flower and fruit development, but can still highly benefit from this percentage. You can see more about the nutrient analysis below.

Also, the ingredients are some of the best when it comes to store-bought fertilizers. The following ingredients are a great pairing for lime tree fertilizer and are curated to achieve the 6-3-3- NPK.

While the compostable package isn’t a huge selling point, I do appreciate the small things, especially if they’re a little more environmentally-friendly.

One note—this fertilizer is pretty smelly, which for some reason attracts dogs like crazy (likely the animal products in it). Our cattle dogs go nuts over this fertilizer and sometimes dig it up and try to eat the dirt we sprinkled it on. So, make sure to keep it out of the house if possible and away from children and pets.

Even though I prefer to make my own citrus fertilizer, Down to Earth is my go-to for store-bought citrus tree fertilizers.

Overall, you can’t go wrong with Down to Earth’s Organic Citrus Mix. If you’d like to see the current pricing, you can check it out on Amazon here.

2. Jobe’s Citrus Spike Fertilizer

I would recommend Jobe’s Citrus Spikes to those who are new to gardening and citrus trees (and especially potted and dwarf trees). While it can be difficult to determine when and how much fertilizer to provide, Jobe’s makes it easy with a simple table of instructions.

Pot Diameter# of Spikes
122
183
244
306

Jobe’s Citrus Spikes have an NPK of 3-5-5. While the nitrogen level here is a bit low for young and growing citrus trees, it’s perfect for mature and fruiting citrus trees. The extra phosphorus and potassium help keep the blossoms strong and increases water retention, which is incredibly important for the tree to grow juicy fruits.

While Jobe’s is great for potted or dwarf lime trees (like my kaffir lime tree), I wouldn’t recommend it for larger, more mature trees. A disadvantage of using spikes is that it’s hard to measure how much you need for bigger, planted trees since they have more soil.

The spikes concentrate nutrients in small patches in the soil instead of the full reach of the tree. This isn’t a problem for potted trees since there’s a finite amount of soil to work with, but the mass of soil with planted trees won’t benefit much from the limited reach of the nutrients.

Either way, planted or potted, I would also caution against leaving the spikes exposed or unattended. Since they can’t be scattered throughout the soil as granulated fertilizer can, children or pets can dig them up (especially with potted trees within reach).

Overall, Jobe’s is a great option for those new to fertilizing dwarf or potted lime trees. You can check out Jobe’s citrus spikes here on Amazon.

3. Espoma’s Citrus-Tone Fertilizer

If for some reason you aren’t interested in the two fertilizers above, I do have a third recommendation.

While I haven’t tried Espoma’s Citrus-Tone yet (my potted Meyer lemon can only take so much fertilizer), I do use Espoma’s organic potting soil for my herbs, vermicompost, and potted Meyer lemon tree. After having a lot of success from their potting soil, I highly recommend their brand as they focus on providing organic, quality ingredients.

Espoma’s Citrus-Tone has an NPK of 5-2-6, which is a good balance of nutrients for lime trees. While it has a higher percentage of potassium than is suggested for most citrus trees, it won’t harm the tree. If anything, the fruit and tree will become hardier and retain water easier. This is especially useful if you have intermittent periods of drought or have lower potassium in your soil.

You can find Espoma’s citrus tree fertilizer here on Amazon and here’s a link to their potting soil if you’re also interested in it.

If you’d like to learn more about how to choose a quality fertilizer for your lime tree, check out my recommended organic citrus fertilizer page.

When in Doubt, Use Compost

If you can’t decide on a store-bought fertilizer or don’t want to use anything manufactured or synthetic (I don’t blame you), then consider using compost or make homemade citrus fertilizer.

Compost makes for a great fertilizer for lime trees as it has an abundance of fresh nutrients and microbes. These not only benefit the tree but grow the health of the soil. This soil quality provides extra benefits to the tree such as protection against diseases, better water retention, and more self-sufficiency.

For example, after I applied 2 inches of my vermicompost soil to the top of my potted Meyer lemon’s soil, it started a TON of new growth immediately (and it was indoors for the winter, without sunlight!).

It might be difficult to see, but the shiny leaves are the new growth that started indoors, right after applying vermicompost soil

While compost is generally slightly alkaline, and lime trees prefer slightly acidic soil (between a pH of 6.0-7.0), you can mix in some coffee grounds, peat moss, or sand for some extra acidity.

How Often Should You Apply Lime Tree Fertilizer?

Lime tree fertilizer purchased from a store should be applied 1-2 times per year, while homemade fertilizer or compost should only be applied every 1-2 months. This is because the nutrients from the fresher ingredients are more easily access and spread through the soil.

While buying store-bought fertilizers can be convenient, it’s usually not the best way to deliver usable nutrients to your lime tree’s soil. Just like how we absorb more nutrients from fresh food than vitamin tablets, lime trees also benefit from fresh ingredients. This means that we can apply less fertilizer less often.

Fresher fertilizer also helps build the richness of the soil, which keeps nutrients in the ground and retains water. For example, each 1% increase in a soil’s organic matter can help hold 20,000 gallons more water per acre.

So, while you can apply store-bought fertilizer every 1-2 months, homemade fertilizer or compost can be used 1-2 times per year. Make sure to apply it after the last frost, but before the growing season for your lime tree (typically in the early spring).

How To Fertilize Lime Trees

Once you determine how often you need to fertilize your lime tree, you can start applying it. But just how much fertilizer should you use and how should you do it?

To apply fertilizer to lime trees, start by removing any mulch, if you have any. Then measure the amount of fertilizer you need and sprinkle it under the drip-line of the tree (the circumference of the canopy). Cover it back with mulch or with 1-2 inches of soil and provide a deep watering to activate the nutrients.

There are two main ways to fertilize a lime tree. The first is with a manufactured fertilizer, and the second is by using homemade fertilizer or compost.

Manufactured Fertilizer

  1. Use the suggested amount of fertilizer (according to the instructions on the package)
  2. Apply away from the trunk and its roots, but still under the drip-line of the tree
  3. Lightly bury the fertilizer 1-2 inches and try not to damage the shallow roots
  4. Water well to dilute and spread the nutrients through the soil
  5. Apply 1-2 times per year, preferably in the early spring and late summer

Compost

  1. Apply 1-2 inches of compost on top of the soil (if you mulch, place it under the mulch)
  2. Avoid letting the compost touch the trunk or the roots directly as this can introduce mold
  3. Apply once per growing season, or as needed

While the above instructions apply for most manufactured fertilizers, you’ll likely come across different methods, depending on which one you buy.

Keep in mind that since most store-bought fertilizers are formulated and tested differently, they may suggest their own method to apply the fertilizer.

Either way, deep watering your lime tree is a good practice to start the spread of nutrients to the roots and train them to grow deeper and become more drought-resistant.

Overall, it’s hard to go wrong (especially if you’re using compost or a homemade fertilizer).

How Can You Tell if Your Lime Tree Needs Fertilizer?

It’s sometimes tough to know when your lime tree is lacking nutrients and needs fertilizer, but there are certain ways your lime tree can tell you.

  • Yellow leaves
  • Lack of fruit
  • Small fruits
  • No new growth

While these symptoms are a good indicator of a lack of nutrients, it’s not the only cause for them. For example, yellow leaves on lime trees are often caused by over-watering. Also, a lack of fruit can simply mean that your lime tree is still young and needs to mature.

If your lime tree is experiencing any issues, it’s best to use the process of elimination and start with the least invasive methods first (start by checking the amount you’re watering and work your way up to a more invasive option such as if you need to repot or relocate the tree).

Can You Apply Too Much Fertilizer?

It is possible to apply too much fertilizer to a tree, but it’s generally not going to do much harm. However, if you’re using a potent fertilizer, or used far too much, provide a deep watering session for planted trees or repot trees in a container with fresh soil and then water to drain the nutrients from the soil.

It can be easy to apply too much fertilizer. Sometimes, by the time you find out, it can be too late as the lime tree starts to die. Make sure to buy a reputable brand of fertilizer and read the instructions, especially if you’re fertilizing a dwarf or potted plant.

If you decide on using synthetic fertilizer, then you should also be aware of a few issues that can develop.

First, synthetic fertilizer is formulated to have either a slow or fast-release, meaning a lot of the concentrated nutrients will spread in the soil slowly or quickly. While lime trees are heavy feeders, they can still be overloaded if they get too many nutrients in a short time. If their soil gets too saturated with nutrients (especially nitrogen), their roots can get chemically burned. With this, the tree can die fairly quickly.

However, there isn’t much concern if you’re using a reputable brand and following their instructions. Again, when in doubt—consider using compost!

Final Thoughts

Once we applied fertilizer to my parent’s lime tree (we used Down to Earth), the tree slowly started providing ripe fruit, instead of it falling off prematurely.

Generally, by applying a manufactured fertilizer 1-2 times per month or a fresh fertilizer 1-2 times per year, your lime tree should be getting the nutrients it needs. As always, don’t just blindly apply fertilizer. Watch your tree over the seasons and see how it reacts and changes. You’ll find that it can often give you signals for what it needs to grow and fruit properly.

Linden planting and care useful properties and contraindications

Linden is a tall tree crop. In her genus, there are about 45 different varieties, among which there are also shrubs.

[Hide]

Contents

  • General
  • Linden species and varieties
  • Linden planting and care in the open field
  • Linden watering
  • Linden soil
  • Linden transplant
  • Linden fertilizer
  • Linden blossom
  • Linden pruning
  • Linden drying
  • Preparing linden for winter
  • Linden growing from seed
  • Propagation of linden by layering
  • Propagation of linden by cuttings
  • Diseases and pests
  • Linden useful properties and contraindications
  • Conclusion

General information

Linden appeared on earth about 70 million years ago, so it can be safely called the same age as dinosaurs. In addition, a tree with proper care can grow up to 1200 years. Many of these centenarians are found in the wild.

The tree looks decorative even when not in bloom. But during flowering, its luxurious appearance is emphasized by small hanging, pleasantly smelling inflorescences, and the garden plot is filled with a sweet honey aroma. Linden blossom has medicinal properties, so it is dried and harvested to make decoctions and teas.

In the wild, trees begin to bloom from the twentieth year of life. When planting a tree on a personal plot, flowering can be expected in twenty-five to thirty years. The flowering time of the tree lasts from June to July.

If you want to grow linden in your garden, it is important to follow the basic rules for planting and caring for a tree in the future, because only in this way will you be able to get a luxurious culture that will delight the gardener and his descendants with its decorative effect for many years or even centuries.

Species and varieties of linden

Small-leaved linden The tree reaches a height of up to 30 meters and can grow for at least a hundred years. Some trees of this variety grow for 1000 years. The culture has dark green smooth leaf plates on top and bluish - below. Light yellow inflorescences, consist of 5-11 buds directed upwards. The tree blooms in the middle of summer.

Large-leaved linden is a common crop in Europe. The tree reaches a height of 25 to 30 meters. It has large, pubescent leaf plates of a dark green hue. Inflorescences are directed downwards. After flowering, in place of the flowers, fruits with a hard shell and pronounced ribbing are formed.

European Linden

It grows in Western Europe. In height reaches up to 40 meters. It has a dense, spherical crown. The bark is gray with small cracks. Leaf plates are oval, heart-shaped. They are silvery on the inside and dark green on the outside. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer. Seeds ripen in August. The minimum life expectancy of such a tree is 150 years.

LIP File ( Fluffy linden , Silver , Hungarian ) - woody culture is growing in the Caucasus. It reaches a height of up to 30 meters and has a spreading crown. Leaf blades are pubescent. They are dark green above and silver below. Inflorescences are light yellow with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer.

Amur Linden – grows wild in Primorye, China and Korea. It reaches a height of up to 20 meters. Leaf plates are round, dark green, glossy, large. Inflorescences drooping, light yellow with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is in July and lasts for three weeks.

American Linden - grows in North America. The bark of the culture is black with small cracks. The tree reaches a height of up to 40 meters and has a spreading crown. Leaf plates are large, oval, dark green. The culture blooms in the middle of summer, in clusters of inflorescences of a light yellow hue with a pleasant aroma.

Painted linden

In the wild it grows in the Crimea and the Caucasus. Rarely found in cultivated form. It reaches a height of up to 20 meters and has a dense ovoid crown with drooping branches. Leaf blades are large, ovate with a pointed end. They are dark green above and silvery below. Inflorescences racemose, drooping, light yellow. The culture blooms in early summer.

Linden Henry - grows wild in Central China. It reaches a height of up to 25 meters. The height of cultivated trees is up to 10 meters. Linden has a spreading crown and brown bark with small cracks. Leaf plates are dark green, large, heart-shaped with a sharp end. Inflorescences are light yellow, drooping with a pleasant aroma. Flowering time is at the beginning of summer.

Linden Mikel - Japan is the birthplace of the culture. The tree reaches a height of up to 15 meters. The leaves are dark green, oval with a paired-dissected edge. The inflorescences are drooping, yellow-white in color with a sweet pleasant aroma. The flowering time of the culture falls on the beginning of summer.

Linden planting and care in the open field

Linden is a sun-loving tree crop, so when planting for it, you need to choose a sunny place. The tree prefers fertile soil with good drainage. Linden grows well in sandy soil mixed with humus. When choosing a place for linden, you need to consider that in the future it will grow to large sizes.

Seedlings are best planted in damp, cool weather. The ideal time of year for planting linden is early autumn. You can plant a tree in the spring, but only when the threat of frost disappears.

Before planting a tree, prepare a planting hole 50 centimeters deep and the same in diameter. As a drainage, crushed stone of a fine fraction should be placed at the bottom of the hole, sprinkled with humus mixed with 60 grams of superphosphate. When the pit is ready, it is necessary to place a seedling in it, filling it with earth with a mixture consisting of a part of soddy soil, two parts of humus and two parts of sand. Soil pH should not exceed 7.5.

When planting several seedlings, the distance between the planting pits must be at least 4 meters. When transferring seedlings to open ground, the root system should be carefully handled. The root neck of a young linden should remain level with the soil. After planting linden, seedlings need to be watered abundantly. To prevent water from accumulating in the roots, a near-stem hole should be formed in advance.

Catalpa is a member of the Bignonaceae family. It is grown during planting and care in the open field without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural technology. You can find all the necessary recommendations in this article.

Watering the Linden Tree

Mature Linden tree tolerates drought normally, but only if it is short. Young trees need to be watered frequently, about three times a week. In the dry season, the culture needs to be watered additionally, calculating watering from one bucket per square meter of crown projection.

After watering it is desirable to remove weeds. It is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 15 centimeters in order to provide the root system with oxygen. This procedure is carried out three times a season.

To ensure less moisture evaporation, mulch the trunk circle with a thick layer of a mixture of peat, compost and sawdust.

Linden Soil

As mentioned above, the tree crop prefers sandy soil fertilized with humus with good drainage.

The acidity of the soil should be around 7.5 pH.

Transplanting linden

If the seedlings are planted incorrectly, the linden does not take root and dies. Therefore, when transferring young trees to open ground, a number of rules must be observed.

When digging a young seedling out of the ground, damage to the root system should be avoided. If the roots have been damaged, then the areas with defects must be cut off. For transplanting to a permanent place of growth, only strong and healthy trees are chosen, planting them in open, sunny areas.

Excavated seedlings should be planted immediately, they should not be left with bare root systems, so the soil and planting pits should be prepared in advance. The root system should be placed freely in the hole. So that young plants do not suffer from gusts of wind, they must be tied to stakes.

After planting, the linden should be watered abundantly and the trunk circle should be mulched. Transplantation is best done in the spring before bud break or in the fall after the end of the growing season.

Linden fertilizer

In order for linden to grow, bloom and develop normally, it should be fed twice a season. In the spring, it must be fertilized with a mixture of one kilogram of cow dung with 15 grams of urea and 25 grams of saltpeter, diluted in ten liters of water.

In autumn, 15 grams of nitroammophoska, scattered around the tree trunks, are used as fertilizer.

Linden blossoms

Linden blossoms with drooping, light yellow clustered inflorescences with a sweet honey aroma. Flowering time falls in June or early July.

Flowering lasts about three weeks. After that, in place of the inflorescences, small seeds in a hard shell begin to form, resembling ribbed nuts.

Linden pruning

The first pruning of young trees is done one year after planting. During the procedure, the branches are shortened by no more than 1/3.

With the help of pruning, not only the crown is formed, but also carried out for sanitary purposes. In winter and early spring, dry shoots are removed. If the linden grows as a hedge, then it is sheared either in early spring or at the end of summer. In the future, pruning is carried out 4 times a season.

Linden drying

On an industrial scale, linden blossom is harvested only from trees that are over 90 years old. This allows you to get a large amount of raw materials. For home drying, you can use inflorescences from the first flowering of linden after planting.

Linden blossoms are harvested in June-July in the first few days after the start of flowering, when the inflorescences have not yet begun to dry out. The collected linden is dried in the shade for 3-4 days, then put into clothes bags and stored for several years, using it for making teas, decoctions and medicinal preparations.

Preparing linden for winter

Linden is a rather frost-resistant tree and tolerates frosts up to 40 degrees. After the tree sheds its leaves, it is collected and burned.

Although linden does not need shelter, frost cracks may appear on young trees, which in spring must be treated with an antiseptic and covered with garden pitch. With age, such problems will not arise.

Linden growing from seeds

The seed propagation method used to grow seedlings is considered the most popular. Before planting linden seeds in greenhouse soil, they should be stratified in a humid environment at a temperature of 0 ° C for six months. You can keep the seeds in a box with wet sand in the basement.

The seedlings are often grown in a greenhouse. For this purpose, the seeds are sown in rows in moist soil, retreating between them by 20 centimeters. Sprinkle the seeds on top with a thin layer of soil. In order for crops to sprout, they should be provided with good lighting and heat. To grow good, viable trees, they need to grow up to 50 centimeters. During this time, young lindens must be carefully monitored, providing them with timely watering and top dressing.

The culture can be propagated by ready-made seedlings germinating under an adult tree. For transplanting to a permanent place of growth, small sprouts with cotyledon leaf plates should be dug up. They need to be dug up in the spring, when foliage begins to appear on the mother tree.

Seedlings should be watered regularly, especially during dry periods. The following year, they need to be transferred to the "school", planted in rows with an interval of 30 centimeters between them. The distance between seedlings must be observed at 10 centimeters. In autumn, seedlings can be planted in open ground.

Propagation of linden by layering

Propagation of linden by layering is performed as follows:

The lower branches of the mother tree are bent to the ground, digging small holes under them.

  • Shoots are fixed and sprinkled with soil;
  • After a few years, they will form their own root system;
  • When the shoots take root, they are cut from the tree and planted in a permanent place of growth.

This method is considered the second most popular after propagation by seedlings.

Propagation of linden by cuttings

Linden can be propagated by cuttings, but this technique is not used, as it gives planting material with poor survival.

To propagate lindens in this way, non-lignified, green shoots are used, which are placed in the root to stimulate root growth, and then planted in a vermiculite-peat mixture.

Diseases and pests

Of the diseases for linden, the most dangerous are: It manifests itself in the appearance of a white coating on cut branches, curvature of the trunk and the appearance of cracks in the bark. To eliminate this disease, damaged areas should be treated with a mixture of chalk and manganese.

  • Spotting - it manifests itself in the formation of light spots on the outer side of the leaf blades. As a result, the leaves fall early. The disease is carried by the wind and has a fungal etiology.
  • Tyrostomiasis - the disease has a fungal etiology and affects young seedlings. It manifests itself in the formation of dark spots on the trunk and branches. The affected areas die off, and the fungus quickly spreads throughout the tree. To get rid of the disease, damaged branches must be cut and burned. You can prevent the development of the disease by processing the tree in the spring with the help of Fitosporin.
  • Among the pests, goldentail butterflies , which eat leaves and inflorescences, and leafworms , which also feed on young buds and leaves, are dangerous for linden. You can destroy these insects by treating the tree with insecticides.

    Linden useful properties and contraindications

    Due to the large amount of useful substances, lime is actively used for medicinal purposes.

    Linden blossoms are used in the preparation of teas and decoctions, which have diuretic and diaphoretic properties. Linden decoction allows you to reduce the temperature and relieve the inflammatory process. Because of its harmlessness, it is often prescribed to pregnant women in the treatment of SARS.

    Linden tea is often drunk for weight loss. Although it does not have fat-burning properties, it effectively removes water, toxins and toxins from the body, which allows you not only to get rid of extra pounds, but also to improve your health.

    To make linden tea, you need to take 50 grams of dry linden blossoms, pour a liter of boiling water over them, wait 20 minutes for the tea to brew and drink the resulting volume of the drink throughout the day, repeating the procedure for two weeks.

    Lime bark decoction is an effective choleretic agent. The young bark is suitable for treating burns, hemorrhoids and gout. Tar is also made from the bark, which is an effective treatment for eczema.

    Leaf blades and buds are used as compresses to soften and draw out boils.

    Linden seeds are used as a hemostatic agent.

    Charcoal obtained from burnt wood is used as a sorbent for tuberculosis, gastrointestinal diseases, poisoning and ulceration.

    Lime blossom infusions and decoctions are also used in cosmetology. Linden decoction as a rinse is used to strengthen hair and prevent hair loss. For the face, lime-colored infusion is used as an alcohol-free tonic. It nourishes and refreshes the skin well, removing toxins from it and reducing oiliness.

    Linden tea and infusion should be avoided by allergy sufferers, as lime blossom is a strong allergen. If there is no allergy to linden, then you can safely drink tea and use it as a remedy.

    Conclusion

    At first glance, it may seem that growing linden is a very troublesome process. However, knowing how to plant and care for a tree in the future, there will be no problems in growing it.

    By planting this beautiful tree on your plot, you will not only ennoble your garden, but will also be able to enjoy fragrant tea at any time of the year, using it as an effective remedy.

    Fertilizers for trees: when, how and what to apply

    It is possible to get a high yield from fruit trees, to create a unique alley of coniferous plants only with the right feeding. In the land without fertilizers, there are not enough nutrients for full growth and fruiting. In addition, there are no trace elements that increase resistance to viral, microbial and fungal diseases. Consider which fertilizer for a tree to choose. When and how to submit it.

    Fertilization purposes for trees

    The productivity and beauty of plants in the garden directly depends on the type of soil. Fertile soil can not be fed during the first years of the plant's life. In central Russia, in particular in the Moscow region, more than 70% of the plots have unproductive soddy-podzolic land. And it requires constant fertilization in order for the plant to develop properly, form new shoots, ovaries and fruits.

    General objectives of tree fertilization:

    • Activation of plant growth, increase in the quality and quantity of fruits.
    • Improving the immunity of trees, protection from pests and diseases.
    • Nutrition of roots, trunks and foliage with essential microelements and minerals.
    • Replenishment of reserves of nutrients in the soil.
    • Reducing the acidity of the soil, if necessary.
    • Acceleration of growth of coniferous and deciduous trees.

    Feeding is carried out according to the seasons: in spring, autumn, during the growing season, less often during fruiting. In addition to fertilizing, caring for garden trees includes cleaning fallen leaves, dried branches, crown formation, sawing off diseased branches and additional protection, treatment for diseases.

    Seasonal application of fertilizers

    Active period of adding microelements to the soil: autumn, when trees are deficient in phosphorus and potassium, and in spring, when the juice begins to flow along the trunks, branches, swelling of the buds. In the spring, they feed the earth twice: when the plant awakens and after 3 weeks.

    What kind of fertilizer trees need depends on their type, soil composition and natural disasters. For fruit plants, most often they make:

    • In the spring, ammonium nitrate with urea.
    • At the end of flowering - complex granular fertilizers.
    • During fruiting, formulations without nitrogen to slow down ripening.
    • In autumn, potassium and phosphorus.

    Consider the type of plant. So, it is better for apple and pear trees to make organic matter with a minimum amount of nitrogen compounds. The best option for the second spring bait is 1.5 cups of ash infusion with 30 g of ammophoska per square meter. meter. Make the solution into the wells along with watering.

    What fertilizers do apple, cherry, pear trees need

    Apple and pear trees are similar in terms of growth stages, structure and fruiting time. Both trees do not like an excess of nitrogen agents. The following fertilizers will be useful for them:

    • The first spring dressing should replenish the supply of phosphorus and potassium.
    • The second, 2-3 weeks after the first, includes organics: 1.5 cups of infusion on ashes and 30 g of ammofoska. This is enough for 1 m² of area. Watered under the root.
    • At the end of spring, copper and boron are replenished. You can mix 2 g of copper sulfate with 0.5 g of boric acid per 10 liters of water. This is enough to water 1 mature tree or 2 young plants.
    • After harvesting the fruits, replenish the supply of potassium. To do this, water with a solution of potassium monophosphate in the amount of 10-15 g per 10 liters of water.
    • Once every three years, after fruiting, apply 30 g of double superphosphate per square meter around the trunk.

    Trunks are whitewashed in autumn. It protects against sudden changes in temperature, infections and raids of wild animals. The same procedure should be carried out in the spring to protect against sunburn. To prepare the mixture, you can take 2.5 kg of freshly slaked lime, 300 g of copper sulfate or 500 g of iron sulfate. Pour all this into 10 liters of water and add 100 g of whitewash to them.

    Care for cherries and cherries is slightly different from apple and pear. What fertilizer does this tree need?

  • In June and July they feed 2-3 more times with an interval of 3 weeks. They also add organic matter. With chicken manure, proportions must be strictly observed so as not to damage the roots.
  • Nitrogen fertilizers can be applied from early spring to mid-summer. Late feeding is not needed. It will delay the preparation of the tree for winter. Trace elements are introduced in the spring. Suitable urea, ammonium nitrate, potassium salt, superphosphate. The amount and frequency of top dressing depends on the age of the tree and the type of soil.

    Fertilizer for coniferous plants

    Perennial evergreen trees also need care. But they don't need as many nutrients as fruit plants. We need microelements for a set of cell mass and for building greenery.

    Fertilizers for coniferous trees are also applied seasonally: